Tuesday, March 17, 2020

The List 5242 TGB

The List 5242 TGB

I hope that your week has started well.




Today in Naval History

March 17


John Holland's submarine, Holland IV, performs the first successful diving and surfacing tests off Staten Island, N.Y.


USS Block Island (CVE 21) torpedo bomber aircraft from Composite Squadron (VC 6), along with USS Corry (DD 463) and USS Bronstein (DE 189), sink German submarine U 801 west of Cape Verdes.


USS Sealion (SS 315) sinks Bangkok-bound Thai oiler Samui off Trengganu coast, while USS Spot (SS 413) attacks a Japanese convoy and sinks army cargo vessel Nanking Maru off Yushiyama Island and damages cargo Ikomasan Maru, beached off Matsu Island.


The Naval Research Laboratory satellite Vanguard 1 is launched into orbit to test the capabilities of a three-stage launch vehicle and effects of the environment on a satellite and its systems in Earths orbit.


USS Skate (SSN-578) becomes the first submarine to surface at the North Pole, traveling 3,000 miles in and under Arctic ice for more than a month.


USS Raleigh (LPD-1), the Navy's first amphibious transport dock, is launched at New York Naval shipyard.

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

• A second Sailor in Naval Support Activity Naples and an enlisted Sailor at Naval Base Point Loma tested positive for COVID-19, multiple outlets report.

• Multiple outlets covered cancellation of EUCOM’s Defender Europe and AFRICOM’s African Lion exercises.


March 17

1766 Britain repeals the Stamp Act.

1776 British forces evacuate from Boston to Nova Scotia.

1799 Napoleon Bonaparte and his army reach Mediterranean seaport of St. Jean d'Acra, only to find British warships ready to break his siege of the town.

1868 The first postage stamp canceling machine patent is issued.

1884 John Joseph Montgomery makes the first glider flight in Otay, Calif.

1886 Twenty African Americans are killed in the Carrollton Massacre in Mississippi.

1891 The British steamer Utopia sinks off the coast of Gibraltar.

1905 Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, niece of President Theodore Roosevelt, marries Franklin D. Roosevelt in New York.

1910 The Camp Fire Girls are founded in Lake Sebago, Maine.

1914 Russia increases the number of active duty military from 460,000 to 1,700,000.

1924 Four Douglas army aircraft leave Los Angeles for an around the world flight.

1930 Mob boss Al Capone is released from jail.

1942 The Nazis begin deporting Jews to the Belsen camp.

1944 The U.S. Eighth Air Force bombs Vienna.

1959 The 14th Dalai Lama flees Tibet and goes to India.

1961 The United States increases military aid and technicians to Laos.

1962 The Soviet Union asks the United States to pull out of South Vietnam.

1966 A U.S. submarine locates a missing H-bomb in the Mediterranean.

1970 The Army charges 14 officers with suppression of facts in the My Lai massacre case.

1972 Nixon asks Congress to halt busing in order to achieve desegregation.

1973 Twenty are killed in Cambodia when a bomb goes off that was meant for the Cambodian President Lon Nol.

1973 First POWs are released from the "Hanoi Hilton" in Hanoi, North Vietnam.

1985 President Ronald Reagan agrees to a joint study with Canada on acid rain.

1992 White South Africans approve constitutional reforms giving legal equality to blacks.

Today was a sad day for Naval Aviation with the loss of one of our comrades - Hoser -Had left the bonds of Earth.

Thanks to NHHC and H-Gram 16

120th Anniversary of Spanish American War

USS Oregon's Dash to Glory

As tensions continued to rise between the United States and Spain in the spring of 1898 following the sinking of USS Maine in Havana Harbor, Cuba, the new battleship USS Oregon (Battleship No. 3) was ordered to sail from San Francisco to the U.S. east coast as fast as possible. This was not an easy strategic decision due to a recent war scare with Japan over the Sandwich (Hawaiian) Islands. Stripping Oregon from the Pacific coast would leave Japan with two battleships in the Pacific and the U.S. with none. The voyage would also not be easy because the need for haste dictated a course around the southern tip of South America via the perpetually stormy Cape Horn. Nevertheless, departing on 19 March 1898, Oregon made the 14,000-mile voyage to the U.S. east coast in 66 days, arriving at Jupiter Inlet, Florida, on 24 May. She did indeed get pounded severely while in the vicinity of Cape Horn, but that did not significantly slow her down. During her voyage, the United States declared war on Spain (announced on 25 April retroactive to 21 April), which Oregon learned about during a brief stop for coal in Rio de Janeiro on 30 April. (The Battle of Manila Bay between the U.S. and Spanish navies would occur on 1 May.) Later, while off the coast of Brazil, Oregon even suffered a stubborn coal fire in a bunker next to one of her magazines, which her crew successfully extinguished, without need to put into port. Perhaps even more amazing, Oregon suffered no breakdowns during the unprecedented transit. The prowess of her engineers became legendary in the U.S. Navy. Immediately upon arrival in Florida, Oregon was ordered to join the U.S. naval blockade of Santiago, Cuba, in which a Spanish squadron was trapped. (As tensions had increased, Spain had sent four armored cruisers to Cuba over the heated objections of Spanish navy leaders, who insisted their ships were not ready for war—they were right.) Even with the wear and tear of the arduous voyage, Oregon was still the fastest battleship in the blockade and she would play a prominent role in the final defeat of the Spanish squadron when it tried to break out of Santiago. (I will cover the Battle of Manila Bay and the Battle of Santiago in future H-grams.) Oregon’s voyage had been a press sensation; newspapers hyped her progress every step of the way, making her arguably the most famous ship in the U.S. Navy to that point except for "Old Ironsides." The press bequeathed the moniker "Bulldog of the Navy." Her voyage was also used as an argument by politicians and others to bulldoze all opposition to building a canal across Panama, by any means necessary, including annexation of Panama. As fast as she was, Oregon had still not been able to get to the U.S. east coast before the war started, and leaving the west coast "defenseless" in the meantime was a serious strategic risk. Such arguments eventually carried the day in favor of building a canal (which would cost far more lives than the entire Spanish-American War). For more on USS Oregon and her descent from a national historic monument to an ignominious and sad end, please see attachment H-016-5. Attachment H-016-6 is a photograph of Oregon with a "bone in her teeth."


This day in Military History

1970 – After an investigation, the U.S. Army accuses 14 officers of suppressing information related to an incident at My Lai in March 1968. Soldiers from a company had massacred Vietnamese civilians, including women and children, at My Lai 4, a cluster of hamlets in Quang Ngai Province, on March 16, 1968. The company had been conducting a search-and-destroy mission looking for the 48th Viet Cong (VC) Local Force Battalion. The unit entered My Lai, but found only women, children, and old men. Frustrated by unanswered losses due to snipers and mines, the soldiers took out their anger on the villagers, indiscriminately shooting people as they ran from their huts, and systematically rounding up and executing the survivors. Reportedly, the killing was only stopped when Warrant Officer Hugh Thompson landed his helicopter between the Americans and the fleeing South Vietnamese, confronting the soldiers and blocking them from further action against the villagers. The incident was subsequently covered up, but eventually came to light a year later. The Army commissioned a board of inquiry, headed by Lieutenant General Peers. After investigating, Peers reported that U.S. soldiers committed individual and group acts of murder, rape, sodomy, maiming and assault that took the lives of a large number of civilians–he concluded that a “tragedy of major proportions” occurred at My Lai. The Peers report said that each successive level of command received a more watered-down account of what had actually occurred; the higher the report went, the lower the estimate of civilians allegedly killed by Americans. Peers found that at least 30 persons knew of the atrocity, but only 14 were charged with crimes. All eventually had their charges dismissed or were acquitted by courts-martial except Lt. William Calley, the platoon leader of the unit involved. He was found guilty of personally murdering 22 civilians and sentenced to life imprisonment, but his sentence was reduced to 20 years by the Court of Military Appeals and further reduced later to 10 years by the Secretary of the Army. Proclaimed by much of the public as a “scapegoat,” Calley was paroled in 1974 after having served about a third of his 10-year sentence.

Medal of Honor Citation

Rank and organization: Specialist Fourth Class, U.S. Army, Company B, 4th Battalion, 39th Infantry, 9th Infantry Division
Place and date: Near Saigon, Republic of Vietnam, 17 March 1968
Entered service at: Harbor City, California
Born: 15 June 1947, Torrance, California

CITATIONFor conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sp4c. DeVore, distinguished himself by exceptionally valorous actions on the afternoon of 17 March 1968, while serving as a machine gunner with Company B, on a reconnaissance-in-force mission approximately 5 kilometers south of Saigon. Sp4c. DeVore’s platoon, the company’s lead element, abruptly came under intense fire from automatic weapons, claymore mines, rockets and grenades from well concealed bunkers in a nipa palm swamp. One man was killed and 3 wounded about 20 meters from the bunker complex. Sp4c. DeVore raced through a hail of fire to provide a base of fire with his machine gun, enabling the point element to move the wounded back to friendly lines. After supporting artillery, gunships and air strikes had been employed on the enemy positions, a squad was sent forward to retrieve their fallen comrades. Intense enemy frontal and enfilading automatic weapons fire pinned down this element in the kill zone. With complete disregard for his personal safety, Sp4c.DeVore assaulted the enemy positions. Hit in the shoulder and knocked down about 35 meters short of his objectives, Sp4c. DeVore, ignoring his pain and the warnings of his fellow soldiers, jumped to his feet and continued his assault under intense hostile fire. Although mortally wounded during this advance, he continued to place highly accurate suppressive fire upon the entrenched insurgents. By drawing the enemy fire upon himself, Sp4c. DeVore enabled the trapped squad to rejoin the platoon in safety. Sp4c. DeVore’s extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in close combat were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 39th Infantry, and the U.S. Army.


Some badly needed humor thanks to Deuce


The English are feeling the pinch in relation to recent virus threat and
have therefore raised their threat level from “Miffed” to “Peeved.” Soon,
though, the level may be raised yet again to “Irritated” or even “A Bit

The English have not been “A Bit Cross” since the blitz in 1940 when tea
supplies nearly ran out.

The virus has been re-categorized from “Tiresome” to “A Bloody Nuisance.”
The last time the British issued a “Bloody Nuisance” warning level was in
1588, when threatened by the Spanish Armada.

The Scots have raised their threat level from “Pissed Off” to “Let's Get the
Bastard.” They don't have any other levels. This is the reason they have
been used on the front line of the British army for the last 300 years.

The French government announced yesterday that it has raised its alert level
from “Run” to “Hide.” The only two higher levels in France are “Collaborate”
and “Surrender.” The rise was precipitated by a recent fire that destroyed
France's white flag factory, effectively paralyzing the country's military

Italy has increased the alert level from “Shout Loudly and Excitedly” to
“Elaborate Military Posturing.” Two more levels remain: “Ineffective Combat
Operations” and “Change Sides.”

The Germans have increased their alert state from “Disdainful Arrogance” to
“Dress in Uniform and Sing Marching Songs.” They also have two higher
levels: “Invade a Neighbour” and “Lose.”

Belgians, on the other hand, are all on holiday as usual; the only threat
they are worried about is NATO pulling out of Brussels.

The Spanish are all excited to see their new submarines ready to deploy.
These beautifully designed subs have glass bottoms so the new Spanish navy
can get a really good look at the old Spanish navy.

Australia, meanwhile, has raised its alert level from “No worries” to
“She'll be alright, Mate.” Two more escalation levels remain: “Crikey! I
think we'll need to cancel the barbie this weekend!” and “The barbie is
cancelled.” So far, no situation has ever warranted use of the final
escalation level.

The Russians have said “It's not us”


Thanks to Dutch

Worth bookmarking... worldwide info...lots of news down lower at the bottom...dynamic I think.

not sure of the update periodicity - Thanks to CS

You need to go look at this page.....WOW.... The Swiss are taking it in the shorts right now...wonder why.?




Thanks to Mike

Tom Hanks

Tom Hanks survived 4 years on an island as a castaway 🏝

He spent a year in an airport without being able to leave 🛫

Caught AIDS in Philadelphia 💉

He was in World War II and rescued Private Ryan;

He went to Vietnam and rescued Lieutenant Dan 🔫

Was on a boat kidnapped by Somali pirates 🚢

Survived Apollo 13 trying to reach the Moon 🚀

Landed an Airliner on the Hudson River✈

If he dies of coronavirus 👑🦠, we are ALL screwed!!!!


Thanks to Dutch

BuzzFeed: 24 Pictures That Prove Americans Have No Idea How To Deal With Coronavirus

thanks to THE Bear

Dutch.... you gotta see it to believe it.... Bear
24 Pictures That Prove Americans Have No Idea How To Deal With Coronavirus
So much milk.

Read in BuzzFeed: https://apple.news/AYrYCLh-lScWPaTTvu7K4Ew


Daily news from Military Periscope for 17 March

USA—HHS Hit With Cyberattack Intended To Hinder Coronavirus Response Bloomberg News | 03/17/2020 The U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services says it has been targeted by a cyberattack, reports Bloomberg News. The attack on Sunday night appeared to be designed to slow the department's response to the coronavirus epidemic, said sources familiar with the incident. The department's networks were not penetrated and network functions were not degraded, Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar said during a press conference on Monday. The attack attempted to overload HHS servers with millions of hits over several hours, the sources said. The incident is under investigation. A foreign state was suspected.

USA—AFRICOM Cancels Pair Of Exercises Over Coronavirus Africa Command | 03/17/2020 U.S. Africa Command has canceled two upcoming exercises due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. On March 14, the command announced that the annual Obangame Express drills in the Gulf of Guinea would not take place in an effort to minimize the exposure of U.S. and host-nation forces to the virus. Obangame Express is designed to improve cooperation among the participants and increase maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea, with a focus on maritime interdiction as well as visit, board, search and seizure operations. The exercise is one of three annual regional “Express” drills sponsored by AFRICOM and conducted by U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa/U.S. 6th Fleet. On Monday, AFRICOM announced that the African Lion drills, scheduled for March 23 to April 4 in Morocco, Senegal and Tunisia, would also be canceled. The command previously said that the drills would be scaled back.

USA—Navy, Air Force Demo Maritime Security Capabilities In Persian Gulf Navy Times | 03/17/2020 In a recent exercise in the Persian Gulf, the U.S. Navy and Air Force demonstrated the ability of their gunships, maritime patrol aircraft and patrol ship platforms to work together to provide maritime security, reports the Navy Times. During the exercise on March 8 and 9, an AC-130W Stinger II gunship, P-8 Poseidon patrol aircraft and the Cyclone-class patrol craft Monsoon worked together to identify and destroy maritime targets. This was the first time the three platforms had worked together on maritime security missions. The Poseidon and Monsoon identified targets and passed the information to the gunship, which destroyed them. The exercise was conducted to demonstrate how the U.S. could provide maritime security in the contested waters of the Gulf, officials said.

USA—Updated Satellite Jamming System Ready For Duty U.S. Space Force | 03/17/2020 U.S. Space Force has declared operational the latest variant of the U.S. military’s only offensive space system. On March 9, the Counter Communications System (CCS) Block 10.2 achieved initial operational capability. A ceremony to mark the event was held on March 12 at Peterson Air Force Base, Colo., said a Space Force release on March 13. The CCS, originally developed by Harris Corp., is a transportable system designed to temporarily disrupt transmissions from hostile satellites. Its precise capabilities are classified. The CCS was originally deployed by the Air Force in 2004 to fill an urgent operational requirement following the use of enemy electronic warfare systems to disrupt U.S. satellites, reported Space News. An updated Block 10.1 variant was fielded in 2014. The Air Force awarded a contract to Harris, now part of L3 Harris, that year to develop the Block 10.2 variant. A Block 10.3 variant is being developed under a $72 million contract awarded in 2019, reported the War Zone website. Future updates will use agile software development methods, officials said. The Air Force reportedly had at least seven CCS systems in its inventory, which have likely been transferred to Space Force.

USA—Lockheed Martin Names New CEO Lockheed Martin | 03/17/2020 Lockheed Martin has announced that its board of directors has elected James Taiclet as the company's next chief executive officer. Taiclet will take over from current CEO and President Marillyn Hewson on June 15, Lockheed announced on Monday. Hewson has served as president and CEO of Lockheed since 2013 and has held the position of chairman since 2014. She is expected to become the executive chairman of the board on June 15. Hewson was the first woman to serve in the top role at Lockheed, noted Defense News. Taiclet is a former Air Force officer who has held top posts with Honeywell Aerospace and American Tower Corp., a telecom firm, since 2004. Lockheed also announced that Frank St. John, executive VP of the Rotary and Missions Systems division, will become chief operating officer. He will be replaced by Stephanie Hill, senior vice president for Enterprise Business Transformation.

Italy—Coronavirus Outbreak Forces Fincantieri To Halt Work Fincantieri | 03/17/2020 Italian defense firm Fincantieri has announced that it is suspending all work at its Italian facilities due to the ongoing outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Production will be suspended from March 16 to March 29, the company said on March 13. Fincantieri made the decision after Italian trade unions requested the move on March 12. The firm had previously implemented measures including teleworking and canceling all business travel to try and prevent infection in its shipyards, noted Defense News. Separately, Italian defense firm Leonardo has not announced a similar work halt but said last week that such moves could not be ruled out. Italy is currently suffering the largest outbreak in Europe, with 1,809 deaths and 24,747 COVID-19 cases reported as of Sunday, reported Al Jazeera (Qatar).

Switzerland—Government Activates Hospital Battalion To Battle Coronavirus Swiss Information Service | 03/17/2020 The Swiss army is activating one of its four hospital battalions as part of the government's response to the growing novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak, reports the Swiss Information Service. The battalion was scheduled to begin operations on Monday. The 600-strong unit was being deployed to support civilian hospitals. It can accommodate up to 200 patients. The unit's personnel have “civilian-recognized, military-acquired basic care training,” said Swiss army chief Thomas Sussli as quoted by Agence-France Presse. None of the personnel are employed in the healthcare sector, because the Swiss government has asked such individuals to remain in their civilian jobs. The army previously deployed 23 personnel to two hospitals near the border with Italy, which is currently suffering a major outbreak. Switzerland has reported more than 1,500 COVID-19 cases and 14 deaths.

Sweden—Plans Made To Join French-Led SOF Mission In Mali Agence France-Presse | 03/17/2020 The Swedish government plans to deploy special operations troops to a French-led operation in Mali, reports Agence France-Presse. On Monday, the government said it would propose a special operations mission consisting of a helicopter-borne rapid-reaction force with a maximum of 150 personnel, reported Reuters. The troops would join France's proposed Task Force Takuba, consisting of around 500 multinational special operations personnel to advise, assist and accompany local forces in the fight against Islamic State- and Al-Qaida-linked groups in the region. The Czech Republic and Estonia have confirmed their intent to participate in the task force, with discussions underway with Finland and Norway. France is expected to contribute up to 100 personnel, reported the Defense Post. The Swedish Parliament is expected to approve the deployment. The deployment would make it easier to conduct "sustainable and peaceful development in" Mali, Foreign Minister Ann Linde said in a statement. Sweden already has about 200 troops deployed with the U.N. mission in Mali and the European Union training mission there. About 5,100 troops, mostly French, are deployed in Mali and the surrounding region as part of operations against jihadist groups.

Taiwan—Air Force Intercepts Chinese Aircraft Near ADIZ In Taiwan Strait South China Morning Post | 03/17/2020 Taiwanese jets have intercepted Chinese aircraft that crossed the median line of the Taiwan Strait, reports the South China Morning Post. On Monday night, KJ-500 early warning aircraft and J-11 fighter jets crossed the median in a rare nighttime exercise in the southwest part of the strait, said the Taiwanese Ministry of Defense. During the flight, the Chinese aircraft came close to the Taiwanese Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ), reported Reuters. In response, Taiwan scrambled its own fighter jets, who warned the Chinese planes to disperse. The move was likely intended to demonstrate China's increasing capability to undertake nighttime operations, said analysts. This is the fourth time in two months that Taiwanese jets have been dispatched to respond to Chinese incursions.

Thailand—2 Dozen Injured In Bombing In Yala Province Bangkok Post | 03/17/2020 At least 25 people have been injured in a double bomb attack on a government building in Thailand's southern Yala province, reports the Bangkok Post. On Tuesday, a grenade was tossed in front of the Southern Border Provinces Administrative Center (SBPAC) in Muang district, said police cited by Reuters. Ten minutes later, a truck bomb exploded about 30 feet (10 m) away. The first attack was intended to draw people to the scene, said police. The injured included reporters, police, soldiers and local officials. The SBPAC is a central government body that administers the Muslim-majority provinces of Narathiwat, Pattani and Yala, where 7,000 people have died in a separatist insurgency since 2004.

Burma—21 Civilians Die In Air Attacks Irrawaddy | 03/17/2020 At least 21 civilians have been killed and dozens injured after Burmese military aircraft strafed villages in Burma's western Chin state, reports the Irrawady (Burma). On Saturday, fighter jets struck Meik Sa villages 2 and 3, killing at least 12, said villagers who fled the assault. On Sunday, air-to-ground operations killed eight people in Wetma and one in Pyaing Tain. Survivors said that many aircraft fired directly into the villages. A military spokesman said that the military responded to rebel attacks and claimed that it was difficult to tell which party was responsible for the casualties. The wounded were taken to Matupi Hospital and Mindat Hospital, both in Chin state, after reports that other hospitals had run out of medical supplies. On Monday, at least 2,000 people fled 10 villages in Chin state, including the areas targeted in the weekend offensive. Local politicians have begun supplying food to internally displaced people (IDPs), reported Radio Free Asia. In early February, southern Chin state became the latest front in the conflict between the Burmese military and the Arakan Army, a rebel group fighting for the Rakhine minority, a mostly Buddhist ethnic group concentrated in the western Rakhine state.

India—Army Set To Order Upgraded Arjun Tanks The Print | 03/17/2020 The Indian army is preparing to finalize an order for an improved configuration of the domestic Arjun tank, reports the Print (New Delhi.). Following delays and extensive trials, the army has completed contract negotiations with the Defense Research and Development Organization for 118 Arjun Mk 1A tanks. Deliveries are scheduled to begin 30 months after the order is placed. The Arjun Mk 1A features 14 major improvements over the baseline tank, including an upgraded transmission and a new gunner's main sight with integrated automatic target tracking. Separately, India signed an agreement with Russia last year to extend license production of T-90S tanks through 2028, noted Russia's Tass news agency. The agreement covers around 400 additional tanks.

Jordan—Army Deploys To Cities As Coronavirus Deaths Spike Petra News Agency (Jordan) | 03/17/2020 Jordan has deployed its army at the entrances and exits of major cities in an effort to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, reports the official Petra news agency. On Tuesday, government sources told Reuters that the move was an initial step to slow the spread of the outbreak. The government is reportedly considering declaring a state of emergency, the sources said. The Cabinet is also expected to discuss other measures that would increase executive authority and permit movement restrictions. The moves come as the number of coronavirus deaths in Jordan reached 34. Jordan has also closed its border with all of its neighbors except Saudi Arabia and suspended incoming and outgoing flights.

Yemen—Coalition Destroys Houthi Remote-Control Boats Near Hodeidah Saudi Press Agency | 03/17/2020 The Saudi-led coalition fighting Houthi rebels in Yemen says it has destroyed two explosive-laden boats off Hodeidah province, reports the state-run Saudi Press Agency (SPA). On Tuesday, the coalition said it detected the remote-controlled boats, launched from Hodeidah, in the southern Red Sea. The boats were a threat to navigation in the vital Bab el-Mandeb Strait and were destroyed, it said. The militant group, which receives support from Iran, has transformed the area around Hodeidah into a manufacturing hub for ballistic missiles, uncrewed aerial vehicles, explosive boats and naval mines, according to the coalition. Coalition forces have destroyed 46 such boats and 153 naval booby traps, said a coalition spokesman cited by the Arab News, without specifying a time period.

Syria—11 YPG Fighters 'Neutralized' Entering Syria De-escalation Zone, Ankara Says Hurriyet | 03/17/2020 The Turkish Defense Ministry says that its forces have “neutralized” 11 Kurdish fighters attempting to enter the Turkish "safe zone" in northern Syria, reports the Hurriyet Daily News (Ankara). Ankara uses the term "neutralized" to indicate enemy forces that have been killed, captured or surrendered. The members of the mainly Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) in northern Syria were trying to infiltrate the safe zone to disrupt the peace and security there, the ministry said. Turkey considers the YPG to be an offshoot of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) terrorist group in southeastern Turkey. Separately, two members of the PKK in northern Iraq surrendered to security forces in southern Turkey, the ministry said.

Nigeria—Boko Haram Kills 6 Soldiers In Ambush Premium Times | 03/17/2020 At least six Nigerian soldiers have been killed in a Boko Haram ambush in the northeastern Borno state, reports the Premium Times (Lagos). On Monday, the soldiers were ambushed near the Banki junction, located 81 miles (130 km) southeast of the state capital of Maiduguri. The community is home to approximately 45,000 internally displaced persons. Two sergeants, two lance corporals and two privates from the 151 Task Force Battalion were killed, said army sources in Borno. 


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