Monday, February 10, 2020

TheList 5213



The List 5213 TGB

To All,

I hope that you all had a great weekend..

Regards,

Skip


Today in Naval History

February 10



1862

A flotilla under Cmdr. Stephen C. Rowan aboard USS Delaware engages the gunboats and batteries at Elizabeth City, N.C, capturing CSS Ellis and sinking CSS Seabird.

1900

Commodore Seaton Schroder is appointed the first naval governor of Guam.

1943

USS Pickerel (SS 177) sinks Japanese freighter Amari Maru off Sanriku.

1944

USS Pogy (SS 266) attacks a Japanese convoy and sinks destroyer Minekaze and freighter Malta Maru 85 miles north-northeast of Formosa.

1945

U.S. Navy submarine USS Batfish (SS 310) sinks three enemy submarines from Feb. 10-13.

1991

During Operation Desert Storm, A-6 Intruders attack two unidentified patrol boats in the northern Arabian Gulf, destroying both.



Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

• In an interview with Defense News, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper stated that he is committed to building a 355 ship fleet but indicated that a lighter naval force would be needed to reach this goal.

• Military.com continued reporting on Navy Secretary Thomas Modly's call to accelerate the development of hypersonic weapons.

• Multiple outlets reported on Iran's failure to put a satellite into orbit after on Sunday.





This Day in History 10 February

1258 Hulagu, a Mongol leader, seizes Baghdad, bringing an end to the Abbasid caliphate.



1620 Supporters of Marie de Medici, the queen mother, who has been exiled to Blois, are defeated by the king's troops at Ponts de Ce, France.



1763 The Treaty of Paris ends the French-Indian War. France gives up all her territories in the New World except New Orleans and a few scattered islands.



1799 Napoleon Bonaparte leaves Cairo, Egypt, for Syria, at the head of 13,000 men.



1814 Napoleon personally directs lightning strikes against enemy columns advancing toward Paris, beginning with a victory over the Russians at Champaubert.



1840 Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert.



1846 Led by religious leader Brigham Young, the first Mormons begin a long westward exodus from Nauvoo, Il., to Utah.



1863 P.T. Barnum's star midgets, Tom Thumb and Lavinia Warren, are married.



1904 Russia and Japan declare war on each other.



1915 President Wilson blasts the British for using the U.S. flag on merchant ships to deceive the Germans.



1939 Japanese occupy island of Hainan in French Indochina.



1941 Iceland is attacked by German planes.



1941 London severs diplomatic relations with Romania.



1942 The war halts civilian car production at Ford.



1945 B-29s hit the Tokyo area.



1955 Bell Aircraft displays a fixed-wing vertical takeoff plane.



1960 Adolph Coors, the beer brewer, is kidnapped in Golden, Colo.



1966 Protester David Miller is convicted of burning his draft card.



1979 The Metropolitan Museum announces the first major theft in its 110-year history, $150,000 Greek marble head.



1986 The largest Mafia trial in history, with 474 defendants, opens in Palermo, Italy.



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This Day in Aviation History" brought to you by the Daedalians Airpower Blog Update. To subscribe to this weekly email, go to https://daedalians.org/airpower-blog/



Feb. 9, 1934

All domestic airmail contracts were canceled in the United States, and the U.S. Army was ordered to fly mail.



Feb. 10, 1994

Air Force 1st Lt. Jean Marie "Jeannie" Flynn, the first woman selected by the Air Force for training as a combat pilot, completed six months of training on the McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle with the 555th Fighter Wing at Luke AFB, Arizona. Now Maj. Gen. Jeannie Leavitt, she is the commander of Air Force Recruiting Service at Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph, Texas.



Feb. 11, 1913

In Washington, D.C., West Virginia Congressman James Hay introduced the first bill mandating an independent aviation corps, but it is defeated.



Feb. 12, 1903

The Wright brothers begin running their new four-cylinder engine in Dayton, Ohio, although it breaks down during testing.



Feb. 13, 1917

Capt. Francis T. Evans, USMC, performed the first loop with a seaplane in an N-9 at 3,000 feet over Pensacola, Florida. Evans then forced the craft into a spin and recovered, consequently receiving the Distinguished Flying Cross for this contribution to aviation. He was Daedalian Founder Member #3972.



Feb. 14, 1914

An official American nonstop duration and distance record was made when Lt. Townsend Dodd, Daedalian Founder Member #1233, and Sgt. Herbert Marcus, Daedalian Founder Member #3523, fly the United States Signal Corps Burgess H tractor biplane. (S.C. No. 26) 244.8 miles in 4 hours, 43 minutes. Although it established a record for two people in one airplane, it also exceeded the previous single-seat record.



Feb. 15, 1928

President Calvin Coolidge authorized construction of a new Army Air Corps training facility in San Antonio. The innovative circular design allowed squadrons to fly, train and work close to each other in different quadrants. The facility was subsequently christened Randolph Field.



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Monday Morning Humor thanks to Al and congratulations for being together for 52 years

Dedicated to my wife of 52 years



God's sense of humor:

When creating wives, God promised men and women that good and obedient spouses would be found in all corners of the world. And then He made the earth round.







Submitted by Mark Logan:



For our anniversary, Patty asked me to take her to one of those restaurants where they make the food right in front of you. So I took her to Subway and that's how the fight started.



I told Patty I wanted to be cremated. She made an appointment for Tuesday.



Patty says I have only two faults. I don't listen and some other crap she was rattling on about.



I just read a book on marriage that says treat your wife like you treated her on the first date. So after I take her out for dinner tonight, I'm dropping her off at her mother's house.



I discovered the secret to making Patty go Mmmmmmmmmmmm all night. Duct tape.



Then there was the time Patty texted me on a cold winter morning, "Windows frozen, won't open." I texted back, "Gently pour some lukewarm water over it and then gently tap edges with a hammer." Ten minutes later, she texted back, "Computer really messed up now."







Submitted by J.T. Strong:



My wife was hinting about what she wanted for our upcoming anniversary. She said, "I want something shiny that goes from 0 to 120 in about 3 seconds."

I bought her a bathroom scale…and then the fight started.





Submitted by Don Mills:



Be careful what you ask for…

I asked Patty if I was the only one she had dated.

She said yes, all the others had been nines and tens.







Submitted by John Hudson:



Then there was the time we had a major tiff. Patty called her mom and said, "He fought with me again, I am coming to live with you."

Her mom responded, "No darling, Al must pay for his mistake. I am coming to live with you."



A man told his Rabbi, "I have a strong desire to live to eternity. What am I supposed to do?"

"Get married," replied the Rabbi.

"It's that simple? Would that allow me to live forever?"

"No, but the desire will disappear."



Why do women live a better, longer, and peaceful life, compared to men?

A wise philosopher replied, "Because women don't have a wife."







Submitted by Dave Harris:



A story from my Navy days…

I woke up up with a huge hangover after attending 'happy hour'. I am and was not normally a drinker, but the drinks didn't taste like alcohol at all. I don't even remember how I got home. As bad as I was feeling, I wondered if he did something wrong.

I forced myself to open my eyes, and the first thing I see is a couple of aspirins next to a glass of water on the side table. And, next to them, a single red rose!

I sat up and saw my uniform in front of me, all clean and pressed. I look around the room and see that It Is in perfect order, spotlessly clean. So is the rest of the house.

I took the aspirins, cringed when I saw a huge black eye staring back at me in the bathroom mirror.

Then I noticed a note hanging on the corner of the mirror written in red with little hearts on it and a kiss mark from Patty in lipstick, "Honey, breakfast is on the stove, I left early to get groceries to make you your favorite dinner tonight. I love you, darling! Love, Patty"

I stumbled to the kitchen and sure enough, there is hot breakfast, steaming hot coffee and the morning newspaper. My son is also at the table, eating. I asked, "Alan... what happened last night?"

"Well, you came home after midnight, somewhat inebriated and out of a bit incoherent. You fell over the coffee table and broke it, and then you puked in the hallway, and got that black eye when you ran into the bathroom door."

Confused, I asked, "So, why is everything in such perfect order and so clean? I have a rose, and

breakfast is on the table waiting for me??"

Alan replied, "Oh that! Mom dragged you to the bedroom, and when she tried to take your pants off, you screamed, "Leave me alone, 
I'm married!!"

Broken Coffee Table $239.99

Hot Breakfast $4.20

Two Aspirins $.38

Saying the right thing, at the right time… PRICELESS





Happy anniversary dear.

These are just jokes...now will you let me back in the house.

Al



P.S. Have a great week everyone.



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Attached picture L-R Diz, Carl, and Willie

Thanks to Rodger for Passing this on . Happy Birthday to Diz Laird

Subject: FW: Diz 99th birthday


 
PS:

At Diz's ~95th birthday party, Diz promised all attending he planned to do something he'd never done before when he reached 100.

Diz promised that after flying 100 types of aircraft &, having the number of his takeoffs equal the number of his landings..

.. when he turned 100, he planned to jump out of a perfectly good airplane & parachute to the ground.

While promising this, he challenged all in attendance to sign up to join him, many of us did.

Standby to learn how to skydive shipmates.. RS, RLW

Rodger Welch

From Carl



All,

I had the pleasure to attend the birthday celebration for Diz's 99th birthday earlier this last week. He's doing pretty damn good.

Diz is on the left of course, and on the right, is "Willie" Sharp, F-8E "Pilot Extraordinaire"....

Willie's story, while flying "Feedbag 108" during an "Ironhand" strafing mission off of USS Bon Homme Richard (CVA-31) in 1965 is legendary.....

Willie was the shortest timed POW, about 10 minutes.

I'm compiling the details about Willie's experience, and will share it with you soon.....

I absolutely love these two guys, I love Diz as if he were my own dad..... so proud to know these two Great Americans..... we all met on USS Hornet museum ship.

Carl Raabe



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Thanks to Denny

This is a story that took place in the Korean War and was made Top Secret and all involved were forbidden to discuss it for over 50 years. There has been a move to have Royce Williams presented with the Medal of Honor. I do not know where that stands.

My old CAG Royce sent me this. It is a so so video of his encounter with the Russian MiGs.



The Secret Soviet Red Star MiGs Caught in the Korean War (Where They Weren't Supposed to Exist)



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zVha3QUC8M4





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Daily News from Military Periscope for 10 February

USA—Army Plans 2nd Round Of Testing For New Assault Bridge Defense News | 02/10/2020 The U.S. Army is preparing for a new round of operational trials for its Joint Assault Bridge (JAB), reports Defense News. The JAB is scheduled to undergo operational testing during a three-week period in June after serious shortcomings were demonstrated during its first evaluation in April 2019, according to a report released earlier this month by the Pentagon's director of operational test and evaluation. The system consists of a deployable bridge integrated onto an M1A1 tank chassis. The assault bridge suffered issues related to its hydraulics and training, an Army program official said. Prime contractor Leonardo DRS reviewed the hydraulic failures and implemented a number of design and production improvements that have fixed the problem, said the official. Another issue was that maintainers were not familiar with the older M1A1 tank on which the JAB is based. The problem has been rectified with additional training. The service does not expect further problems in June. The Army has successfully conducted over 200 bridge launches and retrievals and more than 1,000 miles (1,850 km) of operations without suffering a hydraulic failure. The program is currently conducting some live-fire testing and final preparations ahead of the operational trials. Training will take place in April and May before the testing begins in June.



USA—Boeing Delivers 1st Super Hornet To Receive Service Life Upgrade Boeing | 02/10/2020 Boeing has announced the delivery of the first F/A-18E/F Super Hornet to complete its Service Life Modification (SLM) program. The fighter was delivered to Strike Fighter Squadron 106 (VFA-106) on Jan. 21, reported U.S. Naval Air Systems Command on Feb. 6. Fifteen aircraft are currently undergoing the upgrades. The second jet is due to be delivered by the end of the month. The third will be handed over in April. The SLM extends the service life of the Super Hornet from 6,000 to 7,500 flight hours. Beginning in early 2022, the program will be expanded to extend service life to 10,000 hours and incorporate Block III capabilities, including enhanced network capability, reduced radar cross-section and an enhanced communication system. The SLM program is expected to last for at least 20 years. At full-rate production, 40 aircraft will be upgraded annually.



USA—Navy Accepts Delivery Of Another Freedom-Class LCS Fincantieri | 02/10/2020 The 10th Freedom-class littoral combat ship has been handed over to the U.S. Navy, reports shipbuilder Fincantieri. The St. Louis (LCS-19) was delivered at the Fincantieri Marinette Marine (FMM) shipyard in Marinette, Wis., on Feb. 6, reported the Naval Sea Systems Command. The St. Louis will be commissioned into service this summer in Pensacola, Fla., reported Lockheed Martin. She will be homeported in Mayport, Fla. The Freedom class is in full-rate production, with six of the ships at various stages of production at the FMM shipyard.



Spain—Madrid Eyes European Corvette Program Defense News | 02/10/2020 Spain is considering joining a European program to build a class of patrol corvettes, reports Defense News. The program, overseen by the Navaris joint venture between Fincantieri of Italy and Naval Group of France, was launched last year with the aim of developing a 3,000-ton to 4,000-ton corvette capable of patrol and surveillance missions, noted Naval News at the time. Greece has recently joined the program as a partner. Spanish shipbuilder Navantia is interested in the project, making it likely that Spain will sign up, said an unnamed industry source. The warship has been included in the European Union's Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) program's list of recommended pan-European defense projects. Spain's participation increases the chance that it will receive assistance from the European Defense Fund. To receive financial support, PESCO projects are required to have more than two European partners. The PESCO listing calls for a modular design that can accommodate several systems and payloads to support a range of missions. Italy is expected to procure up to eight of the vessels, while France could purchase six. The number of corvettes that might be purchased by Spain and Greece has not been revealed.



France—Pre-Development Work Underway To Militarize H160 Helicopter Airbus Helicopters | 02/10/2020 The French Directorate General of Armaments (DGA) has awarded a contract to Airbus Helicopters and Safran Helicopter Engines for pre-development work on the military variant of the commercial H160 helicopter, reports Airbus Helicopters. The contract, the value of which was not disclosed, was awarded on Dec. 30, the DGA announced on Feb. 6. The deal covered studies to advance the militarization of the H160, including modifications to the helicopter's avionics, sensors and cabin, and to define its support system. The Guepard (Cheetah) is a militarized variant of the H160 that will replace five different helicopters in French military service, including the Gazelle, Alouette III,Dauphin, Panther and Fennec. Full-scale development of the H160M is scheduled to begin in 2021. Initial deliveries are expected in 2026.



France—Pre-Development Work Underway To Militarize H160 Helicopter Airbus Helicopters | 02/10/2020 The French Directorate General of Armaments (DGA) has awarded a contract to Airbus Helicopters and Safran Helicopter Engines for pre-development work on the military variant of the commercial H160 helicopter, reports Airbus Helicopters. The contract, the value of which was not disclosed, was awarded on Dec. 30, the DGA announced on Feb. 6. The deal covered studies to advance the militarization of the H160, including modifications to the helicopter's avionics, sensors and cabin, and to define its support system. The Guepard (Cheetah) is a militarized variant of the H160 that will replace five different helicopters in French military service, including the Gazelle, Alouette III,Dauphin, Panther and Fennec. Full-scale development of the H160M is scheduled to begin in 2021. Initial deliveries are expected in 2026.



Turkey—5 Turkish Soldiers Killed In Regime Attack Bloomberg News | 02/10/2020 Five Turkish soldiers have been killed and five wounded by Syrian government forces in Syria's northwestern Idlib province, reports Bloomberg News. The casualties came amid artillery fire by Syrian regime troops. On Monday, Turkish and allied forces launched an intensive rocket attack on government positions in eastern Idlib, reported the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. Turkish and Syrian rebel groups aligned with Ankara have been mobilizing near Al Nayrab amid increasing speculation that Turkey could launch an operation to reverse regime advances in the province. Hundreds of tanks, armored personnel carriers and Turkish soldiers were deployed to Idlib over the weekend, reported the Anadolu Agency (Ankara) on Monday. Defense Minister Hulusi Akar said the activity demonstrates that Turkey has a "Plan B and Plan C" to enforce the status quo that prevailed following a September 2018 cease-fire brokered by Russia and Turkey, reported the Hurriyet Daily News (Istanbul). On Sunday, Syrian troops regained control of the strategic highway linking Damascus and Aleppo, the latest in a string of victories in the last rebel-held part of the country, reported Agence France-Presse. On Monday, Turkish officials met with a Russian delegation in Ankara in an effort to reach a resolution.



Finland—Air Force Wraps Up Evaluation Of Gripen E Jet Saab | 02/10/2020 The Finnish air force has completed its flight evaluation of the Swedish Gripen E/F fighter jet and GlobalEye airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) aircraft, reports Saab, the manufacturer of the aircraft. Over the past week, the Gripen and GlobalEye demonstrated their capabilities in Finnish winter conditions for Helsinki's HX fighter replacement program, the firm said on Feb. 6. The first fighter, a single-seat variant, had arrived in Finland on Jan. 29, followed by a two-seat variant on Jan. 31, reported Flight Global. In June 2019, Saab revealed that it was offering a package of 52 single-seat Gripen Es, two twin-seat Gripen Fs and two GlobalEyes. Saab submitted its final revised offer for the Finnish program on Jan. 31. Saab is the only entrant known to include dedicated surveillance platforms in its HX offer. Finland is expected to choose a replacement for its aging F/A-18 Hornets in 2021.



Taiwan—Chinese Warplanes Twice Violate Taiwanese Airspace South China Morning Post | 02/10/2020 The Taiwanese air force has scrambled fighter jets in the last two days in response to airspace violations by Chinese military aircraft, reports the South China Morning Post. On Sunday, a Chinese J-11 fighter jet, a Xian H-6 bomber and a Shaanxi KJ-500 airborne early warning and control aircraft flew through the Bashi Channel and Miyako Strait, reported the Taiwan News. In response, Taiwan scrambled at least one F-16 fighter jet to monitor the aircraft. On Monday, a group of Chinese planes including H-6 bombers crossed the median line of the Taiwan Strait during a flight through the Bashi Channel to the south of Taiwan, as part of a long-range training drill, said the island's defense ministry. Fighter jets were again scrambled. The mainland Chinese planes later returned to their base, after completing the exercise, the Taiwanese military said. The move came as Taiwanese Vice President-elect William Lai Ching-te wrapped up an eight-day visit to Washington, D.C., where he met with U.S. National Security Council officials and senators. The visit angered Beijing, which considers Taiwan a wayward province.



Thailand—29 Die In Soldier's Rampage Bangkok Post | 02/10/2020 At least 29 people have been killed by a renegade soldier in northern Thailand, reports the Bangkok Post. On Saturday, Jakraphanth Thomma killed his commanding officer and the officer's mother-in-law at the Suatham Phithak Military Camp, reported BBC News. Jakraphanth stole weapons and a vehicle from the base and traveled to four locations around Nakhon Ratchasima, also known as Korat, before he was killed by security forces in a shopping mall. The attacker broadcast some of the attack on social media before Facebook took down the feed. Witnesses said the shooter was precise and took hostages as the situation developed into a standoff, reported Reuters. Most of the victims were at the Terminal 21 shopping center, where the gunmen held out over Saturday night. Nine people including two police officers were killed at the Wat Pa Sattharuam monastery, where Jakraphanth stopped to shoot at his pursuers as well as passersby. The 16-hour ordeal ended on Sunday after police killed Jakraphanth in a raid. At least two officers died in that operation. Prime Minister Prayut Chan Cha said the soldier was angry over a home deal with a relative of his commanding officer. The health ministry said on Sunday that 58 people were injured, with at least 30 still in the hospital.



India—Bharat Dynamics Limited Inks Deal For Potential Co-Production Of Javelin Anti-Tank Missiles Lockheed Martin | 02/10/2020 Bharat Dynamics (BDL) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the Javelin Joint Venture between Lockheed Martin and Raytheon to explore co-producing the Javelin anti-tank missile, reports Lockheed Martin. The agreement was signed on Feb. 6 at the DefExpo international arms trade show in India, reported the Press Trust of India. Under the accord, BDL will offer the Javelin to meet potential future Indian military requirements.



India—Talks Underway On T-90S Tank Upgrades Tass | 02/10/2020 India is in talks with Russia on modernizing its T-90S Bhishma tanks, reports Russia's Tass news agency. Alexander Mikheyev, the head of Russia's Rosoboronexport state arms export agency, revealed the ongoing consultations on Friday at the DefExpo show in India. The talks are focused on upgrading the tank's digital ballistic calculator and automatic target tracker but would not see them upgraded to the T-90MS level, Mikheyev said. India currently has 1,025 operational T-90S tanks. Officials at the trade show confirmed that India had signed a deal in 2019 to extend license production of the T-90S through 2028, covering an additional 464 tanks, reported Russia's Sputnik news agency.



Afghanistan—2 U.S. Soldiers Die In Possible Insider Attack Nbc News | 02/10/2020 Two U.S. Special Forces soldiers have been killed in what may have been an insider attack in Afghanistan's eastern Nangarhar province, reports NBC News. On Saturday, a man in an Afghan army uniform opened fire with a machine gun on a combined U.S. and Afghan force conducting a joint operation, said a U.S. Forces-Afghanistan spokesman. Sgt. 1st Class Javier Gutierrez and Sgt. 1st Class Antonio Rodriguez of the 3rd Battalion, 7th Special Forces Group, were killed in the attack. Six other U.S. troops, who were not identified, were wounded. Both soldiers were promoted to sgt. 1st class posthumously, noted a Pentagon release. One Afghan soldier was killed and three injured, reported CNN. The attack is being investigated as a possible insider attack, sources told Task and Purpose. ISIS' Afghan affiliate has a presence in the province, noted the New York Times.



Kazakhstan—10 Dead In Ethnic Clashes In South Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty | 02/10/2020 At least 10 people have been killed and more than 100 injured in ethnic clashes in southern Kazakhstan, reports Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Violence erupted on Friday in the Zhambyl region between ethnic Kazakhs and members of the Dungan community, a Muslim group of Chinese origin. Around 300 men, traveling in groups, roamed the area, burning homes and overturning cars. More than 20 houses, 15 businesses and 23 vehicles were destroyed. Authorities in the Kordai district declared a state of emergency due to the violence. Riot police deployed on Saturday. At least 47 people were arrested, reported BBC News. At least three officials were shot during the violence, said Kazakh Deputy Interior Minister Aleksei Kailaichidi. The violence was the result of a conflict on a highway after fight between two men after a traffic disagreement, said Kailaichidi. The brawl was recorded and put online, leading to wider violence, he said. President Qasym-Zhomart ordered the firing of the governor of the Zhambyl region and other regional officials after the clashes.




Iraq—Australia, France, Germany Take Step Toward Troop Withdrawal The National | 02/10/2020 The Australian, French and German governments have indicated that they are likely to pull their troops from Iraq, reports the National (Abu Dhabi). In a letter to the Iraqi joint operations command, the nations asked the Iraqi military to establish a timetable for withdrawal, a member of the parliamentary security and defense committee announced on Monday. A spokesman for the Iraqi joint operations command denied that the three countries made such a formal request. The request had only been made verbally by commanders from the nations to the joint operations command, the spokesman told the newspaper. The countries have not yet commented on the matter. Tensions between Iraq and the U.S., which leads the global coalition against ISIS, have been strained since the killing of Iranian Maj. Gen. Qassem Soleimani outside of Baghdad airport in January. Tehran has responded with increased attacks on bases housing U.S. troops.



Iraq—Australia, France, Germany Take Step Toward Troop Withdrawal The National | 02/10/2020 The Australian, French and German governments have indicated that they are likely to pull their troops from Iraq, reports the National (Abu Dhabi). In a letter to the Iraqi joint operations command, the nations asked the Iraqi military to establish a timetable for withdrawal, a member of the parliamentary security and defense committee announced on Monday. A spokesman for the Iraqi joint operations command denied that the three countries made such a formal request. The request had only been made verbally by commanders from the nations to the joint operations command, the spokesman told the newspaper. The countries have not yet commented on the matter. Tensions between Iraq and the U.S., which leads the global coalition against ISIS, have been strained since the killing of Iranian Maj. Gen. Qassem Soleimani outside of Baghdad airport in January. Tehran has responded with increased attacks on bases housing U.S. troops.



South Africa—Change To End-User Agreement Could Reopen Arms Exports To Riyadh, Abu Dhabi Reuters | 02/10/2020 The South Africa government is working to resume weapons sales to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, reports Reuters. Local defense firms have pushed the government to revise a clause that requires foreign customers to permit South African officials to inspect their facilities to verify that the arms are not being transferred to a third party. The move was considered an indirect ban on sales to countries including Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, which refused such inspections on the grounds of sovereignty. The head of the secretariat of South Africa's National Conventional Arms Control Committee confirmed that changes to the end-user certificate had been approved. The arms sale watchdog intends to replace the clause with one stipulating inspections performed by a designated, non-state inspector. No changes have been published in the government gazette, which is necessary for any new rules to take effect. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates account for about a third of South African arms sales.




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