The List 5207 TGB
I hope that you all had a great weekend. This is a Bubba Breakfast Friday in San Diego.
Today in Naval History
The "double-ender" side wheel steam gunboat USS Sonoma captures the blockade running British bark Springbok during the Civil War.
President Woodrow Wilson, in an address to Congress, severs diplomatic relations with Germany after the country decides on the first of the month to reintroduce the policy of unrestricted U-boat warfare.
PBY Catalinas and USAAF B-25s 5th Air Force aircraft attack a Japanese convoy west of New Hanover and sink a cargo ship, Nichiai Maru.
USS Tambor (SS 198) attacks a Japanese convoy and sinks Goyu Maru and merchant tanker Ariake Maru about 200 miles southeast of Shanghai.
The aircraft carrier, USS Enterprise (CVN 65) is decommissioned in a ceremony held in the ship's hangar bay, Feb. 3. The ceremony marks the end the ship's nearly 55-year career, and is the first decommissioning of a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier.
Thanks to CHINFO
• Multiple outlets reported on Navy Secretary Thomas Modly's call for the Navy to focus on the development of hypersonic weapons in the face of Chinese and Russian advancements.
• Coverage continued on the progress of USS Gerald. R. Ford from reporters embarked recently on the carrier.
• The Associated Press reports that Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula claimed responsibility for last year's shooting at NAS Pensacola, although no evidence emerged yet linking the group to the shooting.
Today in History: February 3
1160 Emperor Frederick Barbarossa hurtles prisoners, including children, at the Italian city of Crema, forcing its surrender.
1238 The Mongols take over Vladimir, Russia.
1690 The first paper money in America is issued in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1783 Spain recognizes United States' independence.
1904 Colombian troops clash with U.S. Marines in Panama.
1908 The U.S. Supreme Court rules that union-sponsored boycotts are illegal, and applies the Sherman Antitrust Act to labor as well as capital.
1912 New U.S. football rules are set: field shortened to 100 yds.; touchdown counts six points instead of five; four downs are allowed instead of three; and the kickoff is moved from midfield to the 40 yd. line.
1917 A German submarine sinks the U.S. liner Housatonic off coast of Sicily. The United States severs diplomatic relations with Germany.
1920 The Allies demand that 890 German military leaders stand trial for war crimes.
1927 President Calvin Coolidge signs a bill creating the Federal Radio Commission to regulate the airwaves.
1943 Finland begins talks with the Soviet Union.
1944 The United States shells the Japanese homeland for the first time at Kurile Islands.
1945 The Allies drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin.
1945 The month-long Battle of Manila begins.
1954 Millions greet Queen Elizabeth in Sydney on her first royal trip to Australia.
1962 President John F. Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba.
1966 Soviet Luna 9 achieves soft landing on the moon.
1971 OPEC decides to set oil prices without consulting buyers.
1984 The Environmental Protection Agency orders a ban on the pesticide EDB for grain products.
This Day in Aviation History" brought to you by the Daedalians Airpower Blog Update. To subscribe to this weekly email, go to https://daedalians.org/airpower-blog/
Feb. 2, 1944 President Franklin D. Roosevelt approved the last of the World War II ceilings for Navy aircraft, which called for an increase to 37,735 useful planes.
Feb. 3, 1884 The namesake of Joint Base Andrews, Maryland – Lt. Gen. Frank M. Andrews, Daedalian Founder Member #2129 – was born in Nashville, Tennessee. Learn more about him HERE.
Feb. 4, 1902 Charles Augustus Lindbergh, one of the most famous aviators in history, was born in Detroit, Michigan.
Feb. 5, 1962 A Sikorsky HSS-2 Sea King (later redesignated SH-3A) became the world's fastest helicopter by establishing a Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) world speed record for helicopters of 339 kilometers per hour (210.645 miles per hour) over a 19-kilometer (11.8 mile) course between Milford and New Haven, Connecticut. The pilots were Navy Lt. Robert Wiley Crafton and Marine Capt. Louis K. Keck. Both pilots were awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and the American Helicopter Society's Frederick L. Feinberg Award.
Feb. 6, 1939 Beginning on this date, Maj. Caleb V. Haynes flew the XB-15 from Langley Field, Virginia, to Santiago, Chile, in 29:53 with 3,250 pounds of med supplies for earthquake victims.
Feb. 7, 1950 In a demonstration of carrier long-range attack capabilities, pilot Cmdr. Thomas Robinson took off in a P2V-3C Neptune from Franklin D. Roosevelt (CVB 42) off Jacksonville, Florida, and flew over Charleston, S.C., the Bahamas, the Panama Canal, up the coast of Central America, and over Mexico, landing the next day at the Municipal Airport in San Francisco. The flight covered 5,060 miles in 25 hours, 59 minutes—the longest to date made from a carrier deck.
Feb. 8, 1913 Navy Lt. John H. Towers reported on experimental aviation work underway at NS Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, including bombing, aerial photography, and wireless radio transmission, stating in part: "We have become fairly accurate at dropping missiles, using a fairly simple device gotten up by one of the men. Have obtained some good photographs from the boats at heights up to 1,000 feet. I believe we will get some results with wireless this winter." Towers was Daedalian Founder Member #4093.
Thanks to Mud
Read quietly then send it back on its journey
The value of a sister/brother
Who doesn't have one.
The value of ten years:
Ask a newly
The value of four years:
Ask a graduate.
The value of one year:
Ask a student who
Has failed a final exam.
The value of nine months:
Ask a mother who gave birth to a stillborn.
The value of one month:
Ask a mother
Who has given birth to
A premature baby.
The value of one week:
Ask an editor of a weekly newspaper.
The value of one minute:
Ask a person
Who has missed the train, bus or plane.
The value of one second:
Ask a person
Who has survived an accident.
Time waits for no one.
Treasure every moment you have.
You will treasure it even more when
You can share it with someone special.
To realize the value of a friend or family member:
The origin of this letter is unknown,
But it brings good luck to everyone who passes it on.
Hold on tight to the ones you love!
Thanks to Al
Monday Morning Humor--Super Bowl
Did you hear what the weather was for the Super Bowl?
Sunny, clear sky with no Brees.
What's the difference between the San Francisco 49ers and a dollar bill?
You can still get four quarters out of a dollar.
Amy Schumer has said she won't do any Super Bowl commercials this year in support of Colin Kapernic.
Thank goodness! Maybe this year's Super Bowl commercials will be funny.
So, there's the Super Bowl. After that, there's the Mega Bowl. Then, after that, there's the Giga Bowl.
Anymore than that, though, would just be Tera Bowl (terrible).
What did the 49er fans do after the Super Bowl was over?
Watch the fourth quarter.
What's infinite times better than the Super Bowl?
Polling before the game showed 3% were rooting for the Chiefs; 3% were rooting for the 49ers; and 94% were people who were just happy that the Patriots weren't in it.
Super Bowl Trivia (answers at the end of the email)
1. The 49ers could have become the fifth team to win the Super Bowl the season after posting a losing record. Which four teams have done it?
2. How many players have won multiple Super Bowl MVPs?
3. Which four players have won both the Heisman Trophy and Super Bowl MVP?
4. Which two teams have failed to score a touchdown in the Super Bowl?
5. What was the most viewed Super Bowl of all-time?
6. How many teams have never won the Super Bowl?
7. How many teams have never reached the Super Bowl?
8. Who was the first Super Bowl MVP to declare he was going to Disney World?
9. Who has the most career touchdowns in Super Bowl history?
10. Who was the most recent defensive player to be named Super Bowl MVP?
11. How many punts have been returned for a touchdown in the Super Bowl?
12. Which coach has won the most Super Bowls with different starting quarterbacks?
13. Which teams have made the most Super Bowl appearances without winning?
14. Which city has hosted the Super Bowl the most times?
15. Who is the oldest player in Super Bowl history?
16. Only one of the 20 most-watched shows in U.S. TV history was not the Super Bowl. What was it?
17. What is the longest play in Super Bowl history?
18. Which player went the most years between his first and second Super Bowl win?
19. What is the largest margin of victory in Super Bowl history?
20. What is the Super Bowl attendance record?
21. Which teams have lost the most Super Bowls?
22. Who are the only co-MVPs in Super Bowl history?
23. Bill Belichick has the most Super Bowl appearances by a coach. How many has he made?
24. Who are the only Super Bowl MVPs born outside of the U.S.?
25. Who is the only Super Bowl MVP to come from a losing team?
26. Which celebrity actor in the stands did Joe Montana point out to teammates before the 49ers' game-winning drive in Super Bowl 23?
27. Joe Montana threw 11 touchdowns in four Super Bowl wins. How many interceptions did he throw?
28. Which two colleges have produced three different Super Bowl-winning quarterbacks?
29. Which four head coaches have each lost four Super Bowls?
30. Who has the most career fumbles in the Super Bowl?
31. What was the coldest Super Bowl of all-time?
32. Who kicked the longest field goal in Super Bowl history?
33. Who is the only player to rush for three touchdowns in a Super Bowl?
34. Which duo combined for the longest completion in Super Bowl history?
35. Who is the only player to win three consecutive Super Bowls?
36. Who is the only starting quarterback to win a Super Bowl with two different teams?
37. Who was the first quarterback to start for two different teams in the Super Bowl?
38. Who is the youngest player to ever start in the Super Bowl?
39. Who is the youngest starting quarterback to win a Super Bowl?
40. Who scored the first points in Super Bowl history?
41. Who has the longest touchdown run in Super Bowl history?
42. Which quarterback has the longest touchdown run among QBs in Super Bowl history?
43. Who has the most receptions in a Super Bowl?
44. Who rushed for the most yards in a Super Bowl?
45. Who is the only player with three interceptions in one Super Bowl?
46. What is the highest-scoring game in Super Bowl history?
47. What is the only Super Bowl to feature three lead changes in the fourth quarter?
48. Tom Brady won four Super Bowl MVPs across six Super Bowl wins. Which Patriots claimed the other two?
49. Which coach went the most years between Super Bowl appearances?
50. Who is the youngest coach to win a Super Bowl?
51. Which team recorded the fastest score in Super Bowl history?
52. Who threw the most interceptions in a Super Bowl?
53. Four people won Super Bowls as players and coaches. Who are they?
54. Who is the only player to return an opening kickoff for a touchdown?
Here's hoping you had fun and enjoyed the game.
If not, there's always next year (the cry of a Chargers fan)
1. 49ers (Super Bowl 16), Rams (Super Bowl 34), Patriots (Super Bowl 36), Eagles (Super Bowl 52)
2. Five (Bart Starr, Terry Bradshaw, Joe Montana, Tom Brady, Eli Manning)
3. Roger Staubach (Navy, Cowboys), Jim Plunkett (Stanford, Raiders), Marcus Allen (USC, Raiders), Desmond Howard (Michigan, Packers)
4. Dolphins (Super Bowl 6) and Rams (Super Bowl 53)
5. 114.5 million people viewed Super Bowl 49 between the Patriots and Seahawks
6. 12 (Bengals, Bills, Browns, Cardinals, Chargers, Falcons, Lions, Panthers, Jaguars, Texans, Titans, Vikings)
7. Four (Lions, Texans, Jaguars, Browns)
8. Phil Simms (Giants, Super Bowl 21)
9. Jerry Rice, 49ers-Raiders (eight)
10. Von Miller, Super Bowl 50
12. Joe Gibbs, Redskins (Joe Theismann, Doug Williams, Mark Rypien)
13. Bills, Vikings (four)
14. Miami will host its 11th Sunday, breaking a tie with New Orleans
15. Matt Stover, 42 years, 11 days (Super Bowl 44)
16. The 1983 series finale of "M*A*S*H"
17. Jacoby Jones' 108-yard kick return for a touchdown (Super Bowl 47)
18. Ray Lewis (Super Bowl 35, 47)
19. 49ers over Broncos, 55-10 (Super Bowl 24)
20. 103,985 fans watched the Steelers and Rams play at the Rose Bowl (Super Bowl 14)
21. Patriots, Broncos (five)
22. Randy White and Harvey Martin, Cowboys (Super Bowl 12)
23. 12 (nine as a head coach, three as an assistant)
24. Hines Ward (South Korea), Mark Rypien (Canada)
25. Chuck Howley, Cowboys (Super Bowl 5)
26. John Candy
28. Alabama (Bart Starr, Joe Namath, Ken Stabler) and Purdue (Len Dawson, Bob Griese, Drew Brees)
29. Bud Grant (Vikings), Don Shula (Colts, Dolphins), Marv Levy (Bills), Dan Reeves (Broncos, Falcons)
30. Roger Staubach, five.
31. Tulane Stadium in New Orleans had a temperature of 39 degrees during Super Bowl 6 between the Cowboys and Dolphins
32. Steve Christie, 54 yards (Super Bowl 28)
33. Terrell Davis (Super Bowl 32)
34. Jake Delhomme and Muhsin Muhammad, 85 yards (Super Bowl 38)
35. Ken Norton Jr. (Cowboys, Super Bowl 27-28. 49ers, Super Bowl 29)
36. Peyton Manning (Colts, Super Bowl 41. Broncos, Super Bowl 50)
37. Craig Morton (Cowboys Super Bowl 5. Broncos, Super Bowl 12)
38. Bryan Bulaga, Packers, 21 years, 322 days (Super Bowl 45)
39. Ben Roethlisberger, Steelers, 23 years, 340 days (Super Bowl 40)
40. Packers wide receiver Max Magee caught a 37-yard touchdown pass from Bart Starr
41. Willie Parker, Steelers 75 yards (Super Bowl 40)
42. Colin Kaepernick, 49ers, 15 yards (Super Bowl 47)
43. James White, 14, Patriots (Super Bowl 51)
44. Timmy Smith, Redskins, 204 yards (Super Bowl 22)
45. Rod Martin, Raiders (Super Bowl 15)
46. 49ers 49, Chargers 26 (Super Bowl 29)
47. Giants-Patriots (Super Bowl 42)
48. Deion Branch (Super Bowl 39), Julian Edelman (Super Bowl 53)
49. Dick Vermeil (Eagles, Super Bowl 15. Rams, Super Bowl 34)
50. Mike Tomlin, 36 years, 341 days, Pittsburgh (Super Bowl 40)
51. Seahawks, 12 seconds, safety (Super Bowl 48)
52. Rich Gannon, five, Oakland (Super Bowl 37)
53. Tom Flores (Chiefs-Raiders), Mike Ditka (Cowboys-Bears), Tony Dungy (Steelers-Colts), Doug Pederson (Packers-Eagles)
54. Devin Hester, Bears (Super Bowl 41)
Thanks to Carl
I have not read this for a long time but it has been raised before.
End the Hoax: There Are No Palestinians
The "Palestinian people" is a propaganda fiction. It's time to stop playing along.
February 3, 2020 Robert Spencer
President Trump's "Deal of the Century" was a brilliant illustration of his mastery of the art of the deal. This extravagantly generous proposal, and the Palestinians' contemptuous rejection of it, severely damages the international Left's claim that the Israelis are the obstacles to peace, and exposes the Palestinian leadership for the genocidal warmongers they are. Now it is time to take one more crucial step: end the recognition of the "Palestinian people" altogether. There is no such nation, race, ethnicity, nationality, or culture, and never was. Returning to reality on this matter will pave the way to the adoption of sane policies for the region.
"The Palestinian people" was born in 1963, when the foes of Israel hit upon a new strategy that would turn the tide of international public opinion against Israel and give new impetus to the jihad against it. Before that, as The Palestinian Delusion: The Catastrophic History of the Middle East Peace Process shows, amid all the drama surrounding Jewish settlement in Palestine, the rise of Zionism, and the establishment of the Jewish state, the Palestinians are nowhere to be seen. Palestine was the name of a region, like Staten Island or Dubuque, not the name of a people.
It is no accident that neither Mark Twain, nor any of the series of English travelers who visited the area, nor anyone else who traveled through desolate Palestine over the centuries ever mentioned the "Palestinian" people. They spoke of encountering Arabs, as well as Jews and Christians and others, but no one, among multitudes of people who wrote about Palestine, ever refers to any Palestinians. Nor do the many British White Papers and other documents the British government produced during the Mandate period ever mention the Palestinians. The opposing factions in those documents are the Jews and the Arabs.
There is a very simple reason for this: there were no Palestinians.
An uncomfortable fact for those who advance the claim that the Palestinians are the indigenous people of the area is that they have no history: there was never a state of Palestine, never a King or President of Palestine, never (until quite recently) a Palestinian flag, and nothing that distinguishes the Palestinians culturally, linguistically, or otherwise from the other Arabs of the region.
During the Mandate period, the Arabs of Palestine generally considered themselves to be Syrians, and Palestine to be Southern Syria. Early in 1919, Arab Muslims in fourteen Palestinian municipalities, calling themselves the Muslim-Christian Association, presented a petition to the Paris Peace Conference, which was deliberating about the postwar fate of Syria, Palestine, and other former Ottoman possessions.
The petitioners insisted that Southern Syria, i.e., Palestine, be considered to be "inseparable from the independent Arab Syrian government," for it was "nothing but part of Arab Syria and it has never been separated from it at any stage." Arabs in Palestine, they said, had "national, religious, linguistic, moral, economic, and geographic bonds" with Syria, and therefore insisted that Palestine must be "undetached from the independent Arab Syrian Government." Palestine "should be part of Southern Syria, provided the latter is not under foreign control."
Those who were making these demands would all today be considered Palestinians. Yet they would be baffled beyond measure if they could be transported a century ahead and made to listen to today's rhetoric about the Palestinians, the indigenous people of Palestine. So would Musa Kazim al-Husayni, who as head of the Jerusalem Town Council declared in October 1919: "We demand no separation from Syria."
Even Ahmad Shukairy, who in the 1960s was President of the Palestine Liberation Organization, conceded that at the close of World War I, no one was talking about the rights of the Palestinian people; instead, what was in the air was union of the Arabs of Palestine with the Arabs in Syria: the slogan went "Unity, Unity, From the Taurus [Mountains] to Rafah [in Gaza], Unity, Unity."
In fact, the word "Palestinians" was more often applied to Jews than to Muslim Arabs. During the Mandate period, some Arabs rejected the term, explaining: "We are not Palestinians, we are Arabs. The Palestinians are the Jews."
Auni Bey Abdul-Hadi, an Arab Muslim leader, regarded the term with the same disdain, telling the Peel Commission in 1937: "There is no such country as Palestine! 'Palestine' is a term the Zionists invented! There is no Palestine in the Bible. Our country was for centuries part of Syria."
In 1946, the Arab-American historian Philip Hitti testified before the 1946 Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry: "There is no such thing as Palestine in history, absolutely not" – meaning that there had never been a nation bearing this name.
By the early 1960s, however, the situation had changed, and changed drastically. The 1963 draft constitution of the Palestine Liberation Organization refers matter-of-factly to "Palestinians," as if they were a distinct and readily identifiable people. "All the Palestinians," it states, "are natural members in the Liberation Organization exercising their duty in their liberation of their homeland in accordance with their abilities and efficiency."
In the early days of the existence of the Palestinians, the fact of their non-existence in history was much more widely know than it is today. In 1969, Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir stated that "there was no such thing as Palestinians....It was not as though there was a Palestinian people in Palestine considering itself as a Palestinian people and we came and threw them out and took their country away from them. They did not exist." In fact, she noted, an "independent Palestinian people with a Palestinian State" had never existed.
The Arab Muslims of Palestine knew this as well. Syrian President Hafez Assad once told Yasser Arafat: "You do not represent Palestine as much as we do. Never forget this one point: There is no such thing as a Palestinian people, there is no Palestinian entity, there is only Syria. You are an integral part of the Syrian people, Palestine is an integral part of Syria. Therefore it is we, the Syrian authorities, who are the true representatives of the Palestinian people."
Prince Hassan of the Jordanian National Assembly put it simply on February 2, 1970: "Palestine is Jordan and Jordan is Palestine; there is only one land, with one history and one and the same fate." PLO executive committee member Zahir Muhsein likewise acknowledged that the Palestinian people was a propaganda invention in a 1977 interview with the Dutch newspaper Trouw:
The Palestinian people does not exist. The creation of a Palestinian state is only a means for continuing our struggle against the state of Israel for our Arab unity. In reality today there is no difference between Jordanians, Palestinians, Syrians and Lebanese. Only for political and tactical reasons do we speak today about the existence of a Palestinian people, since Arab national interests demand that we posit the existence of a distinct "Palestinian people" to oppose Zionism.
For tactical reasons, Jordan, which is a sovereign state with defined borders, cannot raise claims to Haifa and Jaffa, while as a Palestinian, I can undoubtedly demand Haifa, Jaffa, Beer-Sheva and Jerusalem. However, the moment we reclaim our right to all of Palestine, we will not wait even a minute to unite Palestine and Jordan.
Abdul Hamid Sharif, the Prime Minister of Jordan, would have agreed. He said in 1980: "The Palestinians and Jordanians do not belong to different nationalities. They hold the same Jordanian passports, are Arabs and have the same Jordanian culture."
King Hussein of Jordan put it most succinctly of all in 1981: "The truth is that Jordan is Palestine and Palestine is Jordan."
Nonetheless, the myth has taken hold, and it is now widely taken for granted, in our age that has little historical memory and scant interest in gaining more, that the Palestinians are a genuine nationality, and are the indigenous people of the land that Israel illegally occupies.
This is a propaganda success that Josef Goebbels and the editors of Pravda would have envied, and it became the foundation for more. Having established the Palestinians as a tiny indigenous people whose land was stolen by rapacious, well-heeled, and oppressive foreigners, it was time to return to the negotiating table – not in order to achieve any genuine accord with Israel, but to exploit the victimhood status of the new tiny people they had invented in order to win valuable concessions from the Israelis.
If all this were recognized, the onus would be on Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and the other Arab states for not welcoming their Palestinian Arab brethren. The contention that the Palestinians are a people who must have a state would lose much of its force. Returning to reality and discarding propaganda fantasies can never have a downside. It's time to take that step.
Robert Spencer is the director of Jihad Watch and a Shillman Fellow at the David Horowitz Freedom Center. He is author of 19 books, including the New York Times bestsellers The Politically Incorrect Guide to Islam (and the Crusades) and The Truth About Muhammad. His latest book is The Palestinian Delusion: The Catastrophic History of the Middle East Peace Process. Follow him on Twitter here. Like him on Facebook here.
Daily News from Military Periscope for 3 February
USA—Air Force Releases New Images Of B-21 U.S. Air Force | 02/03/2020 The U.S. Air Force has released a new rendering of the B-21 Raider bomber. On Friday, the service released an artist rendering of the aircraft in a hangar. It is similar in appearance to the B-2 stealth bomber but appears to be somewhat smaller, reported the Aviationist blog. The design also appears to have moved away from the sharp leading edge of the Spirit. The rendering of the stealthy jet shows nearly flush inlets and blended conformed engine nacelles to maintain low visibility, as well as a two-wheel main landing gear, reported the War Zone website. The latter reflects the new bomber's lower weight and smaller size compared to the B-2. The jet is expected to make its first flight in 2021 with the 420th Flight Test Squadron.
USA—AQAP Claims NAS Pensacola Attack SITE Intelligence Group | 02/03/2020 Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) has claimed responsibility for a December shooting at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Fla., that killed three sailors, reports the Site Intelligence Group, which monitors terrorist activity. The Yemen-based Al-Qaida affiliate claimed responsibility in an audio message, the monitoring group said on Sunday. A video was also release, reported the Long War Journal. The attack was carried out by a Saudi pilot undergoing training at the U.S. facility. The announcement came after the New York Times reported on Friday that AQAP leader Qassim al-Rimi was killed in a January airstrike. Rimi narrated the video, claiming that the Saudi pilot was an AQAP sleeper agent, without providing details. Rimi was described by some experts as a possible heir to Al-Qaida chief Ayman al-Zawahiri, reported the Washington Post. U.S. officials have repeatedly said that the Yemeni branch of the terrorist group is one of its most lethal, due to its expert bombmakers and ambitious plots.
USA—20 Companies Picked To Compete For Army Funding Breaking Defense | 02/03/2020 The U.S. Army has selected 20 firms for the next round of its competition for technologies with both military and civilian applications, reports Breaking Defense. The companies have already survived two cuts in the XTechSearch program. The project began with 350 white paper proposals, which were cut to 48 firms, who received $5,000 and a chance to pitch Army officials. The companies will present their technologies to an Army panel at the Association of the U.S. Army (AUSA) Global Force conference in Huntsville, Ala., in March. The Army will then choose 10 or 12 proposals that will receive $120,000 and mentoring to develop a proof of concept of their technologies within sixth months. The results will be presented at the AUSA annual meeting in Washington, D.C., in October, when a final winner will be selected and receive $240,000. The competitors are primarily focused on software or electronics development, but can be roughly divided into six categories: general networking and computing; navigation; medical and lifesaving; material science and mechanical engineering; surveillance; and counter-drone.
USA—Majority Of F-35 Fleet May Have Incorrect Fasteners Air Force Magazine | 02/03/2020 The Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA) has revealed that Lockheed Martin may have incorrectly installed fasteners on hundreds of F-35 stealth fighters, reports Air Force magazine. The issue centers around the use of titanium rather than Inconel fasteners in several locations, according to the F-35 Joint Program Office (JPO). Inconel fasteners, while heavier and more expensive, have increased shear strength. The error was the result of the intermingling of the two types of fasteners on the production floor. The "eddie bolts" are visually similar except for a number stamped on them. Intermingling was discovered at the Fort Worth, Texas, production line and the Italian final assembly and check-out (FACO) facility. The FACO facility in Japan has not experienced the problem. The issue is believed to potentially affect every F-35 produced prior to the discovery of the mistake. The DCMA noted that Lockheed began undertaking corrective actions in November that were largely in place by the end of December. A Lockheed spokeswoman said that an initial analysis found that the titanium has sufficient strength in locations that called for Inconel bolts. The JPO decided that, as of Jan. 9, no aircraft operating restrictions or inspections were necessary. A Pentagon official familiar with aerospace structures said that it is possible that the titanium or Inconel bolts might be incompatible with the materials they are attached to, possibly leading to corrosion if uncorrected.
Spain—Contract Signed With Pilatus For PC-21 Trainers Pilatus | 02/03/2020 Swiss aerospace manufacturer Pilatus says that it has signed a contract with the Spanish Directorate General of Armaments and Materiel (DGAM) for turboprop training aircraft. The deal signed on Jan. 30 covers 24 PC-21s and has a total value of 204.75 million euros (US$227.9 million), reported defense-aerospace.com. The award also covers simulators, spare parts and logistics support. Training on the new aircraft is expected to begin in 2021. The PC-21s will replace the Spanish air force's CASA C-101 jet trainers that entered service in 1980.
France—Another 600 Troops Tapped For Sahel Mission Radio France Internationale | 02/03/2020 France has decided to send an additional 600 troops to Africa's Sahel region to bolster its counterterrorism operations there, reports Radio France International. Most of the French personnel will be deployed to the frontier zones along the borders of Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger, Armed Forces Minister Florence Parly said on Sunday. Additional soldiers will assist the G5 Sahel force with combat operations. The G5 Sahel is a framework for regional countries to coordinate military operations, primarily against Islamist militants. Troops, light tanks, light armored vehicles and logistical support are expected to arrive by the end of the month. The move comes as Paris continues to push for greater contributions from global partners for the fight against militants. This is the second such announcement in less than a month. In January, French President Emmanuel Macron said that an additional 200 French troops would deploy to the region, reported Agence France-Presse.
Netherlands—Frigate Departs To Join European Mission In Strait Of Hormuz Defense-Aerospace | 02/03/2020 A Dutch frigate has set sail to join the French-led European Maritime Awareness in the Strait of Hormuz (EMASoH) mission, reports defense-aerospace.com. On Jan. 28, the De Ruyter departed from the Netherlands. She is expected to arrive in the mission area in mid-February, reported the French Armed Forces Ministry. The De Ruyter will join the French frigate Courbet, which is currently in the region as the first warship assigned to the EMASoH mission. The date of the Courbet's arrival was not released. The mission is currently being supported by a joint Belgian, Dutch, Danish and French tactical staff deployed to the Abu Dhabi naval base in the United Arab Emirates. A Danish frigate is expected to deploy as part of EMASoH in September. Members of the EMASoH mission include France, the Netherlands, Denmark, Belgium, Germany, Greece, Italy and Portugal.
Poland—Government Signs Contract For 32 F-35As Defense News | 02/03/2020 Poland has signed a contract with the U.S. for F-35A fighter jets, reports Defense News. On Friday, Polish Defense Minister Mariusz Blaszczak finalized the US$4.6 billion deal for 32 aircraft in a ceremony at the 41st Training Aviation Base in Deblin. The F-35s are intended to replace Poland's aging Su-22 and MiG-29 jets. Deliveries are scheduled to begin in 2024 and conclude by 2030, reported Flight Global. In September, the State Dept. approved the sale of 32 F-35A stealth fighters to Poland along with eight mission simulators, logistic support and the Autonomic Logistics Information System (ALIS).
Ukraine—2 Troops Killed In Weekend Clashes Unian News Agency | 02/03/2020 At least two Ukrainian soldiers have been killed in fighting in the eastern Donbas region, reports the Ukrainian Information Agency (UNIAN). On Saturday, a female medic was killed in the town of Novotoshkivske in the Luhansk region during shelling by Russian-backed forces, the 93rd Mechanized Brigade said in a statement. Another soldier was killed and another wounded in two separate incidents in the Donbas region on Sunday, reported Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. The Joint Forces Operation headquarters reported an increase in attacks on government positions on Saturday before decreasing on Sunday. At least 110 Ukrainian troops were killed fighting Russian-backed separatists in 2019.
South Korea—Defense Ministry Says Pact With North Korea Not Affecting Training With U.S. Yonhap | 02/03/2020 An inter-Korean military pact designed to reduce tensions has not hindered joint exercises with the U.S., according to the South Korean Defense Ministry, as cited by the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). South Korean and U.S. armored units have carried out field trainings and firing drills in ways that comply with the 2018 inter-Korean agreement, a defense ministry spokeswoman. Her statement came amid South Korean media speculation that the military may send some armored vehicles and other equipment to training ranges in California. South Korean troops have previously trained in the U.S. but do not usually bring their own gear. South Korean President Moon Jae In and North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un signed the Comprehensive Military Agreement during the third inter-Korean summit in 2018. It calls for the cessation of hostile acts, de-escalation of tensions and trust-building measures.
Singapore—Last 3 Independence-Class Littoral Ships Commissioned In Single Ceremony Singapore Ministry Of Defense | 02/03/2020 The Singaporean navy has commissioned its final three Independence-class littoral mission vessels (LMVs), reports the Singapore Ministry of Defense. The Fortitude, Dauntless and Fearless were formally brought into service on Jan. 31 during a ceremony at the Tuas Naval Base. Singapore ordered eight LMVs in 2013 to replace its Fearless-class patrol vessels. The Independence class has been designed with an advanced radar and sensor suite integrated internally into the main mast for ease of maintenance and better protection from the environment. They have also been designed to require a smaller crew than the vessels they are replacing.
Iraq—F-16 Fighters Vulnerable After U.S. Contractors Withdraw Foreign Policy | 02/03/2020 U.S. and Iraqi government officials are concerned that Baghdad's fleet of F-16 fighter jets is at risk after the withdrawal of U.S. security contractors, reports Foreign Policy. In January, the security contractors from Virginia-based Sallyport Global departed Balad Air Base in central Iraq after the base was targeted by Iranian-backed militias with indirect rocket fire. Maintenance contractors from Lockheed Martin began withdrawing on Jan. 4 and had fully departed by Jan. 8, said a Dept. of Defense spokesperson. Without the presence of the contractors, officials are concerned that the militias operating in Iraq, especially those tied to Iran, could access sensitive technology fitted to the F-16s. Although some officials remained confident in the ability of the Iraqi army to maintain control of the base, others warned that the morale of the military forces at the base was low and could lead to security gaps. Military officials also warned that Iraq would not be able to sustain its F-16s without contractor support.
Yemen—Saudis Open Airspace For Some Medical Evacuations BBC News | 02/03/2020 The Saudi-led coalition battling Houthi rebels in Yemen has agreed to permit some medical evacuation flights from Sanaa, the Yemeni capital, reports the BBC News. About 30 patients have been approved to fly to Amman and Cairo this month for medical treatment arranged by the U.N. Saudi jets have an enforced an aerial blockade since 2016, with limited aid arriving through the Sanaa International Airport, noted Agence France-Presse. Yemen's other two major airports are in the government-controlled south. The air bridge was authorized by Riyadh as part of efforts to de-escalate tensions. At least 32,000 Yemenis have signed up for the medical evacuations, according to the Houthi-run Al-Masira television. The war in Yemen, which began in 2015, has spiraled into one of the world's greatest humanitarian catastrophes. The International Rescue Committee warned in January that an estimated 80 percent of Yemenis will require humanitarian assistance this year.
Syria—Ankara Retaliates After Deadly Shelling by Regime Forces Anadolu News Agency | 02/03/2020 Turkish officials say Turkey's forces in Syria responded to an attack by Syrian regime troops, eliminating dozens, reports Turkey's Anadolu Agency. On Monday, Turkish troops reinforcing positions near the town of Saraqeb were shelled by Syrian government forces, reported Reuters. At least five soldiers and a civilian were killed and seven others were injured. The Russian Defense Ministry said it was not warned of the Turkish deployments to the area, despite Ankara's claims otherwise, reported the Tass news agency (Moscow). In response to the Syrian attack, Turkey launched retaliatory attacks that "neutralized" 30 to 35 regime troops, reported Agence France-Presse. The Turkish military also destroyed undisclosed targets in the area, said Turkish officials. Turkish-Russian patrols of Ayn Al-Arab (Kobane) in northern Syria were suspended following the clashes, reported the Daily Sabah (Istanbul). In September 2018, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin established a de-escalation zone in parts of northwestern Syria but this has not been fully implemented. Repeated government offensives, the most recent of which began in December, have reduced Syrian rebel control in the region.
Mozambique—Militants Push South In Cabo Delgado Province Mozambique Information Agency | 02/03/2020 Insurgents in Mozambique's northern Cabo Delgado province have been pushing south, reports the Mozambique Information Agency. The attacks began on Jan. 25, when the villages of Namaluco, Cagembe and Nagruvala, also known as Nancaramo, in the Quissanga district were raided by militants. Three people were killed and several houses burnt down, reported Mozambique News Reports and Clippings (U.K.). On Wednesday, the villages of Ntuare and Ntessa were attacked. The village of Bilibiza was attacked later that day, reported Carta de Mocambique. Several buildings in the village, including a teacher training college and agricultural institute, were burned down, reported Reuters. The villagers were able to flee ahead of time. Soldiers at a nearby military base did not respond because they were outnumbered by the insurgents, locals said. The attack on Bilibiza is the southernmost attack reported during the recent conflict in Cabo Delgado. On Thursday morning, the militants attempted to re-enter the Quissanga district. The perpetrators have not been identified, but the Ahlu Sunnah Wa-Jamma group has been operating in the province since 2017. The Islamic State has also claimed a number of attacks in the region.
Zimbabwe—Mnangagwa Reshuffles Military Leadership To Strengthen His Position Zimbabwe Independent | 02/03/2020 Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa has reshuffled the leadership of several military units that played key roles in the 2017 military coup that overthrew former President Robert Mugabe, reports the Zimbabwe Independent. Mnangagwa has now replaced the commanding officers of the Presidential Guard (PG) Brigade as well as the 1 Mechanized Brigade. The PG Brigade is charged with the security of the president and the capital and is trained for urban combat. It consists of two subordinate battalions, where Mnangagwa has also installed new leadership. The leadership of the battalions has now been changed at least three times since the coup. Several of the former commanders in the unit were seen as loyal to Vice President Constantino Chiwenga, who led the coup. Their removal is seen as part of an effort to limit Chiwenga's influence and prevent another coup, military sources said. The head of the Mechanized Brigade, which also played a key role in the coup, has also been replaced, reportedly for similar reasons. Mnangagwa has also reportedly elevated commanders from his Karangara clan in a further effort to ward off efforts to remove him from power.