Wednesday, February 19, 2020

The List 5220


The List 5220 TGB

To All,

A bit of history and some tidbits.

Regards,

Skip

This day in Naval History

Feb. 19

§ 1900—President William McKinley signs an Executive Order placing Tutuila (Samoa) and nearby islands under the Navy Department.

§ 1942—The Japanese attack Darwin, Australia in the largest attack by a foreign power on that country. USS Peary (DD 226), as well as an Army transport and freighter sink in the raid, as well as a number of Australian and British vessels.

§ 1942—The overnight Battle of Badoeng Strait begins when the allied naval force (ABDA) commanded by Dutch Rear Adm. W.F.M. Doorman engaged the Japanese in an attempt to stop the invasion force in Bali. USS Stewart (DE 238) is damaged.

§ 1945—Following pre-invasion naval gunfire and aerial bombardment, U.S. Marines land on Iwo Jima, securing the island on March 16. Fleet Adm. Chester Nimitz describes the invasion, from which 27 Medals of Honor are given, as one “where uncommon valor was a common virtue.”



Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

• Multiple outlets reported on Navy Secretary Thomas Modly’s initiative to identify $40 billion in savings to grow the fleet in the face of a flat budget environment.

• James Geurts, Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research Development & Acquisition, visited Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard & Intermediate Maintenance Facility Feb. 13.



This day in history

· February 19



1408


The revolt of Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, against King Henry IV, ends with his defeat and death at Bramham Moor.


1701


Philip V of Spain makes his ceremonial entry into Madrid.


1807


Vice President Aaron Burr is arrested in Alabama for treason. He is later found innocent.


1847


Rescuers finally reach the ill-fated Donner Party in the Sierras.


1861


Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom.


1902


Smallpox vaccination becomes obligatory in France.


1903


The Austria-Hungary government decrees a mandatory two year military service.


1915


British and French warships begin their attacks on the Turkish forts at the mouth of the Dardenelles, in an abortive expedition to seize the straits of Gallipoli.


1917


American troops are recalled from the Mexican border.


1919


The First Pan African Congress meets in Paris, France.


1925


President Calvin Coolidge proposes the phasing out of inheritance tax.


1926


Dr. Lane of Princeton estimates the earth's age at one billion years.


1942


Port Darwin, on the northern coast of Australia, is bombed by the Japanese.


1944


The U.S. Eighth Air Force and Royal Air Force begin "Big Week," a series of heavy bomber attacks against German aircraft production facilities.


1965


Fourteen Vietnam War protesters are arrested for blocking the United Nations' doors in New York.


1966


Robert F. Kennedy suggests the United States offer the Vietcong a role in governing South Vietnam.


1976


Britain slashes welfare spending.


1981


The U.S. State Department calls El Salvador a "textbook case" of a Communist plot.


1987


New York Governor Mario Cuomo declares that he will not run for president in the next election.




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1945 Marines invade Iwo Jima »



The note on the history above did not seem adequate to describe what the

Marines did on Iwo Jima 73 years ago so I got more of the story from

Seamus’ ”All Hands”



Also remember that having that island and airfields saved thousands of air

crew who were flying missions to Japan and used it as an emergency field.



The Marine invasion of Iwo Jima (1st US attack on the Japanese Home

Islands) began on February 19, 1945. It was known as Operation Detachment.

The Marines were charged with the mission of capturing the airfields on

the island which up until that time had harried U.S. bombing missions to

Tokyo. Once the bases were secured, they could then be used in the

impending invasion of the Japanese mainland.



B-24 Liberators flying from the Marianna’s bombed the island for 74 days

prior to the invasion. Naval ships consisting of 6 battleships, 5 cruisers

and many destroyers of Task Force 54 provided a 3 day pre-landing

bombardment. Intelligence sources estimated that the island would fall in

a week's time. Unfortunately, no one knew at the time that island had been

heavily fortified. There were vast bunkers, hidden artillery and 11 miles

of interconnecting tunnels.



The battle produced some of the fiercest fighting in the Pacific Campaign

of WWII. Besides the fortifications, the inhospitable terrain consisting

of volcanic ash made walking difficult and building foxholes for protection

impossible. Night raids by the Japanese and hand-to-hand combat were

common occurrences. The bunkers were connected to the tunnels in such a

way that even after the use of flamethrowers and grenades, the Japanese

soldiers were able to return to the bunkers and resume their fighting. The

Marines literally won the 8 square mile island, inch by bloody inch.



Of the approximate 20,000 Japanese troops on the island, less than 1,000

were taken prisoner. Most Japanese fought to the death or chose ritual

suicide instead of surrendering.



Of the 110,000 Marines and Navy Corpsman who took part in the battle, 6,821

were killed (this included over 300 Navy Corpsman) and 19,217 were wounded.

The number of American casualties were greater than the total Allied

casualties at the Battle of Normandy on D-Day.



On March 26, 1945, the island of Iwo Jima was declared secure ... 37 days

after the battle began. Henceforth, Iwo Jima would appear on the list in

Marine Corps history alongside such places as Belleau Woods, Chosin

Reservoir and Guadalcanal.



Twenty-seven Medal of Honor medals were awarded for actions during the

battle. Of these, 14 were awarded posthumously. Marines earned 22 of the

medals, Navy Corpsman earned 4 and a Naval officer from the USS LCI won the

other. Of the total number of Medal of Honor medals awarded to Marines in

WWII, 27% of those were awarded to the Marines who fought on Iwo Jima.



By their victory, the 3rd, 4th and 5th Marine Divisions and other units of

the Fifth Amphibious Corps have made an accounting to their country which

only history will be able to value fully. Among the Americans who served

on Iwo Island, uncommon valor was a common virtue. Admiral Chester W.

Nimitz, U.S. Navy

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Thanks to John

A PERSONAL HISTORY OF AN IWO JIMA MARINE



Wednesday, February 19, 2020




GUEST COLUMNIST| DANIEL F. KIRK

On Feb. 19, think of Wimpy Jones and his fellow Marine heroes

For we who have the privilege of wearing the Eagle, Globe, and Anchor insignia of the U.S. Marine Corps, Iwo Jima will always be a special place. This is where 5,931 Marines died in the bloodiest battle in Marine Corps history. It has been called "the most expensive real estate ever purchased."

Less than a lifetime ago, it was here the Marines first set foot on the Japanese homeland. Today, Feb. 19, 2020, begins the 75th anniversary of the 36 day battle. It was said of the Marines on Iwo Jima, "Uncommon Valor was a Common Virtue." Of the 80 Medals of Honor awarded to Marines in World War II, 22 were on Iwo Jima, 5 in one day.

I was on Iwo Jima on the 50th anniversary of the battle. I met Charles Lindbergh, a Marine flamethrower operator and member of the original flag-raising team. I met Sam Billison, president of the Navaho Code-Talkers Association.

I also met Robert "Wimpy" Jones, a 19-year-old Marine judo instructor in 1945. Though he is now deceased, I believe he would want me to share his stories.

Wimpy was asked to give a self-defense class on the ship deck the night before the invasion. "Let’s say a Jap has you down and he’s choking you: You can hit him in the throat with straight fingers. If he has his hands around your throat, you can put your fingers in his ears — all the way in, and he will release. If you are on your back, grab a handful of sand and hit him in the face."

Wimpy said each landing craft had an American flag. Imagine waves of boats with an American flag on their backs, each carrying 19-year-old, on average, kids steeled by the Depression. On the hospital ship after the battle, a Marine said to Wimpy, "You’re the guy who gave the class! It was just like you said, the Jap was choking me. I hit him in the face with a handful of sand, he pulled off and I shot him."

In commemoration, Wimpy brought 2,000 American flags to the anniversary, one for each returning veteran. One Marine invited an Iwo Jima veteran to go with him to the reunion. His friend said, "I can’t go, but when you do, would you see if you can find my legs?"

Wimpy told the story about "little Johnny." "He couldn’t have been more than 14 years old — I don’t know how he got into the Marine Corps. He followed me around like a little puppy. I jumped in a hole and Johnny jumped in the hole. I told him, ‘Johnny, don’t look up, even if you hear somebody speaking English — the Japanese know English.’ "Johnny heard somebody speaking English, he looked up, and got shot through the head. Johnny fell on top of me crying, ‘Mama, Mama.’ I was lying on my back holding Johnny when the Japanese soldier who shot him put his weapon right on my forehead.

I was waiting for him to shoot me. He heard Johnny crying for his mama, and he pulled his weapon off my forehead and let me live.

"I’ve never told anyone else that story in 50 years — not even my wife," Wimpy said. "When my kids would wake up crying at night, I would pick them up, and they would cry ‘Mama,’ I thought of Johnny. A few years ago, I followed a Japanese speaker to the podium. He handed me microphone, pointing it at my head, and I flashed back. I froze and could not say a word."

Then Wimpy got very quiet: "I’m only going to say this once. I killed five people: one with my hands, one with a bayonet, I shot one, one with a grenade, and one with a flamethrower. The guy I hit with the flamethrower jumped on my back while he was on fire."

I spoke with one Marine Navy Cross winner who saw Wimpy fight. "All I want to know is, did (Wimpy) ever get the Medal of Honor?" "He did everything I did if not more, except all the witnesses in his unit were killed."

Wimpy got me a photograph of the flag raising signed, "To Dan Kirk, Semper Fi, Joe Rosenthal" (original photographer). Then Wimpy said the nicest thing any Marine could hear: "I would have liked to have served with you in combat".

On Feb. 19, think of Wimpy Jones and his fellow Marine heroes.

Dan Kirk, Captain, Marines 1973-77, lives in Kennesaw.





Dan Kirk poses with a photo of the American flag being raised on Iwo Jima on Feb. 23, 1945, signed by photographer Joe Rosenthal. Inscribed is "To Dan Kirk, Semper Fi, Joe Rosenthal."







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Thanks to DR

Sage Rules of Conduct

Forwarded after reading it twice and digesting it.

It applies to me directly with no excuses.



DR



Many of us are between 65 and death. An old friend sent me this excellent list for aging, and, I have to agree it’s good advice to follow.



01 – It’s time to use the money you saved up . Use it and enjoy it . Don’t just keep it for those who may have no notion of the sacrifices you made to get it. Remember there is nothing more dangerous than a son or daughter-in-law with big ideas for your hard-earned capital. Warning: This is also a bad time for investments, even if it seems wonderful or fool-proof. They only bring problems and worries. This is a time for you to enjoy some peace and quiet.



02 – Stop worrying about the financial situation of your children and grandchildren, and don’t feel bad spending your money on yourself. You’ve taken care of them for many years, and you’ve taught them what you could. You gave them an education, food, shelter and support. The responsibility is now theirs to earn their own money.



03 – Keep a healthy life, without great physical effort. Do moderate exercise (like walking every day), eat well and get your sleep. It’s easy to become sick, and it gets harder to remain healthy. That is why you need to keep yourself in good shape and be aware of your medical and physical needs. Keep in touch with your doctor, do tests even when you’re feeling well. Stay informed.



04 – Always buy the best, most beautiful items for your significant other. The key goal is to enjoy your money with your partner. One day one of you will miss the other, and the money will not provide any comfort then, enjoy it together.



05 – Don’t stress over the little things. You’ve already overcome so much in your life. You have good memories and bad ones, but the important thing is the present. Don’t let the past drag you down and don’t let the future frighten you. Feel good in the now. Small issues will soon be forgotten.



06 – Regardless of age, always keep love alive. Love your partner, love life, love your family, love your neighbor and remember: A man is not old as long as he has intelligence and affection.



07 – Be proud, both inside and out. Don’t stop going to your hair salon or barber, do your nails, go to the dermatologist and the dentist, keep your perfumes and creams well stocked. When you are well-maintained on the outside, it seeps in, making you feel proud and strong.



08 – Don’t lose sight of fashion trends for your age, but keep your own sense of style. There’s nothing worse than an older person trying to wear the current fashion among youngsters. You’ve developed your own sense of what looks good on you – keep it and be proud of it. It’s part of who you are.



09 – Always stay up-to-date. Read newspapers, watch the news. Go online and read what people are saying. Make sure you have an active email account and try to use some of those social networks. You’ll be surprised what old friends you’ll meet. Keeping in touch with what is going on and with the people you know is important at any age.



10 – Respect the younger generation and their opinions. They may not have the same ideals as you, but they are the future, and will take the world in their direction. Give advice, not criticism, and try to remind them that yesterday’s wisdom still applies today.



11 – Never use the phrase "In my time". Your time is now. As long as you’re alive, you are part of this time. You may have been younger, but you are still you now, having fun and enjoying life.



12 – Some people embrace their golden years, while others become bitter and surly. Life is too short to waste your days on the latter. Spend your time with positive, cheerful people, it’ll rub off on you and your days will seem that much better. Spending your time with bitter people will make you older and harder to be around.



13 – Do not surrender to the temptation of living with your children or grandchildren (if you have a financial choice, that is). Sure, being surrounded by family sounds great, but we all need our privacy. They need theirs and you need yours. If you’ve lost your partner (our deepest condolences), then find a person to move in with you and help out. Even then, do so only if you feel you really need the help or do not want to live alone.



14 – Don’t abandon your hobbies. If you don’t have any, make new ones. You can travel, hike, cook, read, dance. You can adopt a cat or a dog, grow a garden, play cards, checkers, chess, dominoes, golf. You can paint, volunteer or just collect certain items. Find something you like and spend some real time having fun with it.



15 – Even if you don’t feel like it, try to accept invitations. Baptisms, graduations, birthdays, weddings, conferences. Try to go. Get out of the house, meet people you haven’t seen in a while, experience something new (or something old). But don’t get upset when you’re not invited. Some events are limited by resources, and not everyone can be hosted. The important thing is to leave the house from time to time . Go to museums, go walk through a field. Get out there.



16 – Be a conversationalist. Talk less and listen more. Some people go on and on about the past, not caring if their listeners are really interested. That’s a great way of reducing their desire to speak with you. Listen first and answer questions, but don’t go off into long stories unless asked to. Speak in courteous tones and try not to complain or criticize too much unless you really need to. Try to accept situations as they are. Everyone is going through the same things, and people have a low tolerance for hearing complaints. Always find some good things to say as well.



17 – Pain and discomfort go hand in hand with getting older. Try not to dwell on them but accept them as a part of the cycle of life we’re all going through. Try to minimize them in your mind. They are not who you are, they are something that life added to you. If they become your entire focus, you lose sight of the person you used to be.



18 – If you’ve been offended by someone – forgive them. If you’ve offended someone – apologize. Don’t drag around resentment with you. It only serves to make you sad and bitter. It doesn’t matter who was right. Someone once said: Holding a grudge is like taking poison and expecting the other person to die. Don’t take that poison. Forgive, forget and move on with your life.



19 – If you have a strong belief, savor it. But don’t waste your time trying to convince others. They will make their own choices no matter what you tell them, and it will only bring you frustration. Live your faith and set an example. Live true to your beliefs and let that memory sway them.



20 – Laugh A Lot. Laugh at everything. Remember, you are one of the lucky ones. You managed to have a life, a long one. Many never get to this age, never get to experience a full life. But you did. So what’s not to laugh about? Find the humor in your situation.



21 – Take no notice of what others say about you and even less notice of what they might be thinking. They’ll do it anyway, and you should have pride in yourself and what you’ve achieved. Let them talk and don’t worry. They have no idea about your history, your memories and the life you’ve lived so far. There’s still much to be written, so get busy writing and don’t waste time thinking about what others might think. Now is the time to be at rest, at peace and as happy as you can be!



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Thanks to Harry and Dr.Rich….

USN carrier flight deck personnel use a complex system of hand signals that turn the most dangerous place on earth into graceful technical ballet of professionalism and precision.

Flight Deck Choreography

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1e-QG23pmuM



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Another one from Dr.Rich. Jetman does a hover and a flight speed of 400KMH



https://youtu.be/nj-Iwv5NJKg



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Daily News from Military Periscope for 19 February



USA—Air Force Falls Short Of Pilot Training Goal Air Force Times | 02/19/2020 The U.S. Air Force says it will not reach its goal for training new pilots in fiscal 2020, reports the Air Force Times. In budget documents released last year, the service had set a goal of training around 1,480 pilots in fiscal 2020, up from the 1,279 pilots trained in fiscal 2019. On Feb. 18, an Air Force spokeswoman told the paper that the service’s pilot production goal remained 1,480, but that it would not meet that target, with only 1,300 pilots expected to graduate before the end of the year. The Air Force hopes to reach a minimum of 1,480 new pilots in fiscal 2021. Training continues to be hindered by a lack of available aircraft and civilian instructors for flight simulators, the spokeswoman said. The service has increased its overall pilot training rate from about 1,100 in fiscal 2016 as it seeks to address an ongoing shortfall of about 10 percent in its pilot ranks. In 2018, Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. David Goldfein said that he wanted the service to produce 1,400 to 1,500 pilots annually.



USA—Air Force Seeks To Launch Production Of Latest JASSM Variant In 2021 Air Force Magazine | 02/19/2020 The U.S. Air Force’s fiscal 2021 budget request includes funding to begin production of an extended-range variant of the Joint-Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile (JASSM), reports Air Force magazine. The proposal includes $60 million in initial funding for 40 AGM-158D missiles, with deliveries scheduled to begin in January 2024. Plans call for Lockheed to deliver five missiles per month. The AGM-158D incorporates a number of changes, including an updated missile control unit and wings as well as a new paint coating, electronic safe and arm fuze, secure GPS receiver and program protection requirements. The modifications increase the range of the missile to an estimated 1,000 nm (1,850 km). The previous JASSM-Extended Range (JASSM-ER) has a range of 500 nm (930 km). Unit cost for the new missile is estimated at $1.5 million, up from $1.04 million for the JASSM-ER. Lockheed began development of the AGM-158D in 2018 under an initial $51 million contract.



Canada—Brake Problems Plague TAPV Fleet Ottawa Citizen | 02/19/2020 The Canadian army is investigating potential brake issues with its Tactical Armored Patrol Vehicle (TAPV) fleet following a number of incidents, reports the Ottawa Citizen. On Feb. 12, the service issued a formal safety advisory following an incident on Feb. 3, where one of the vehicles struck a civilian vehicle after rolling through a red light at low speed. The advisory has not led to a restriction on TAPV operations. The fleet has been experiencing problems since January 2018. All of the accidents have occurred when the vehicle was travelling at speeds of 3 mph (5 kph) to 9 mph (15 kph). The army is working with experts to try and determine the source of the issue and whether it is affecting a few vehicles or the whole fleet, a spokesman said. So far, the military has been unable to replicate the problem. Inspections have not revealed any obvious issues, officials said. A previous issue with the TAPV’s brakes was traced back to the anti-lock braking system engaging erratically at high speeds. A retrofit was implemented to correct the issue.



France—Investigation Launched Into Death Of Soldier In Burkina Faso Xinhua | 02/19/2020 The French Armed Forces Ministry has launched an investigation into the death of a soldier taking part in counterterrorism operations in Burkina Faso, reports Xinhua, China’s state-run news agency. On Feb. 16, Master Sgt. Morgan Henry was found dead in his camp, the ministry said on Monday. The cause of his death was not immediately clear. He deployed to the region in November 2019 as part of the 54th Signals Regiment under Operation Barkhane. Henry had previously completed several deployments to Iraq and Mali.



Russia—Air Force In Line For Upgraded Su-34 Strike Jets Tass | 02/19/2020 The Russian Defense Ministry is eyeing the acquisition of new upgraded Su-34 attack aircraft, reports the Tass news agency (Moscow). The ministry plans to sign a contract for several dozen of the jets in the summer, an industry source said on Wednesday. The modernized Su-34s will feature enhanced avionics developed under the Sych program, which was completed last year, including the ability to carry new reconnaissance pods. In addition, the jets will be upgraded to launch a wider range of missiles and bombs. Future work may upgrade the aircraft already service, said the source.



South Korea—U.S. Surveillance Aircraft Continue To Monitor N. Korea Yonhap | 02/19/2020 A U.S. surveillance aircraft has flown another mission over the Korean peninsula, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). On Tuesday, an Air Force E-8C JSTARS was spotted at an altitude of around 29,000 feet (8,840 m) over the peninsula on Tuesday, according to monitoring group Aircraft Spots. This is the third publicly-identified flight by the reconnaissance plane this month. Other intelligence-gathering aircraft have also increased their operations in the region. In January, North Korea said it would pursue a "new strategic weapon" after failing to reach a nuclear agreement with the U.S. The U.S. and South Korea are scheduled to hold military exercises in March, raising concerns that Pyongyang could use them as a pretext for a provocation. Pyongyang has long criticized such drills.



China—Upgraded Z-10 Attack Helo Revealed Global Times | 02/19/2020 The Chinese army has released pictures of a modernized variant of its Z-10 attack helicopter during a recent exercise, reports the Global Times (China). The images from a Feb. 8 exercise held by the People’s Liberation Army’s 80th Group Army show the aircraft’s engine exhaust ports now face up instead of outward. This disperses the exhaust gases, reducing the helicopter’s infrared signature. The Z-10ME export variant of the helicopter already features such an exhaust. The change comes at the cost of additional drag. However, the upgrade indicates that a more powerful engine has likely been fitted, said analysts. More powerful engines could also make it possible for the Z-10 to carry additional armor, new payloads or a millimeter-wave fire-control radar above its rotor hub.



Burma—Ministers Unhurt After Helicopter Comes Under Fire Over Rakhine State Irrawaddy | 02/19/2020 Two Burmese ministers have survived an attack on their military helicopter as they flew over the western Rakhine state, reports the Irrawaddy (Burma). On Wednesday, a Burmese military helicopter came under fire while flying over the northern Buthidaung township, said the military. Onboard were national minister Win Myat Aye and state chief U Nyi Pu. The ministers were on their way to visit refugees displaced by fighting between the military and Arakan Army (AA) rebel group when their aircraft was fired on. They escaped safely, said a military spokesman. The helicopter was hit twice in the body and returned to Sittwe for repairs. The military blamed the AA, an armed group in Rakhine State that claims to fight for the Rakhine ethnic group, for the attack. A spokesman for the AA said he was not aware of the incident but said if a helicopter flew over a battle, it would likely be fired on.



India—Security Committee Approves Deal To Acquire Maritime Helos From U.S. Reuters | 02/19/2020 The Indian Cabinet has approved the acquisition of multirole naval helicopters from the U.S., reports Reuters. On Wednesday, the Cabinet Committee on Security authorized the purchase of 24 MH-60R Seahawks for US$2.6 billion and six AH-64 Apache attack helicopters, for a total cost of about US$4.3 billion, sources told the Sputnik news agency (Moscow). A deal is expected to be signed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Trump during the president's visit to India next week. The State Dept. cleared the sale of 24 Seahawks to India in April 2019.



Afghanistan—11 Killed In Drone Strike In Herat, Residents Say TOLONews | 02/19/2020 Residents in Afghanistan's western Herat province say that a drone strike has killed at least 11 civilians, reports the Tolo News (Kabul). On Monday, an uncrewed aerial vehicle (UAV) launched strikes in the northern Kashk-e-Kohna district, said locals. At least eight children were killed, the residents said. The group brought the bodies of the alleged victims to the office of the governor. A lawmaker from the province confirmed that an incident involving civilian casualties had occurred.



Yemen—Defense Minister Survives Mine Blast During Visit To Front Lines Al Arabiya | 02/19/2020 The defense minister of Yemen's internationally-recognized government has survived an explosion during a visit to the front lines in the western Marib province, reports Al Arabiya (Dubai). On Wednesday, a vehicle convoy carrying Defense Minister Mohammed al-Maqdisi struck explosive devices buried in the road in the Sirwah district, government officials told Reuters. Six soldiers were killed and several others injured in the blasts. There were no immediate claims of responsibility. An unnamed source told Turkey's Anadolu Agency that Houthi rebels could have planted the bombs.



Turkey—Operation In Idlib A 'Matter Of Time,' Says Erdogan Anadolu News Agency | 02/19/2020 Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says a new operation into northwestern Syria to push back a regime advance is a "matter of time," reports Turkey's Anadolu Agency. In a statement to lawmakers of his Justice and Development (AK) party on Wednesday, Erdogan said that preparations have been completed and the operation could begin at any moment. The operation will turn the area surrounding Idlib into a safe place regardless of the cost, he said. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said bilateral talks intended to ease tensions in Idlib had failed to reach an accord and called a possible Turkish operation a worst-case scenario, reported Asharq Al-Awsat (London). Ankara has called for Syrian troops to withdraw to points outlined in the 2018 cease-fire agreement between Turkey and Russia.



Libya—U.N.-Backed Government Breaks Off Talks With LNA After Attack On Port In Tripoli Asharq Al-Awsat | 02/19/2020 The U.N.-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) in Libya has broken off talks with the Libyan National Army (LNA) after it attacked the Tripoli-based government's main port, reports Asharq Al-Awsat (London). On Tuesday, the GNA said it would no longer participate in the dialogue in Geneva until a permanent cease-fire was observed, reported the Tass news agency (Moscow). The LNA said it targeted a Turkish ship bringing weapons and ammunition into Tripoli, reported Al Arabiya (Dubai). It later said that it had targeted an arms depot, reported Reuters. At least three civilians were killed and five wounded, according to authorities in Tripoli. A missile struck near a liquefied petroleum gas tanker offloading its cargo, according to the National Oil Corp. (NOC), as cited by Al Jazeera (Qatar). GNA officials subsequently moved all tankers out of the port. Tripoli does not have fuel storage facilities, risking shortages for schools, hospitals and power stations, said a spokesman for NOC.



Somalia—13 Al-Shabaab Militants Killed In Op Near Mogadishu Dalsan Radio | 02/19/2020 Somalia’s Danab commando unit killed at least 13 Al-Shabaab militants during an operation near Mogadishu, reports Dalsan Radio (Mogadishu). On Monday, the unit struck several Al-Shabaab facilities near the town of Leego, northwest of the capital, reported Somali military radio. Several militants were also wounded in the operation. Following the operation, the head of the Somali armed forces, Gen. Adawa Yusuf Rage, credited Turkish personnel for helping to train the Danab unit.



Nigeria—Soldiers Raid Letugbene After 4 Killed In Pirate Attack Vanguard | 02/19/2020 Nigerian soldiers have raided the coastal town of Letugbene in Bayelsa state seeking the perpetrators of an attack that killed four troops, reports the Vanguard (Lagos). On Sunday, pirates attacked an oil barge passing through a waterway near the community, killing four soldiers and two civilians, reported the Daily Trust (Lagos). Several crewmembers on the barge were forced to abandon the vessel and swim to safety. On Monday, military officers arrived and began demanding that the community identify the attackers. Community leaders denied that the pirates were from the town. Later, soldiers burned down at least four houses and two suspected pirate camps in the area. Locals noted that this was a common occurrence. Bandits make use of the local waterways, while security forces frequently raid the nearby communities seeking the criminals.



Nigeria—New JF-17 Jets Set For November Delivery Defence Web | 02/19/2020 The head of the Nigerian air force says new fighter jets ordered from Pakistan will be handed over later this year, reports Defence Web (South Africa). On Feb. 15, Air Marshal Sadique Abubakar, the chief of air staff, announced that the three JF-17s would be delivered in November. Further JF-17 orders are possible to replace F-7Ni fighters lost in crashes, the website noted. In addition, A-29 Super Tucano light attack aircraft ordered from the U.S. will be delivered in 2022, Abubakar said.



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