Wednesday, February 5, 2020

The List 5208

The List 5208

To All,

I hope that your week has started well.



Today in Naval History

February 4

1779—Capt. John Paul Jones takes command of Bonhomme Richard (formerly Duc de Duras), which was given to the United States by King Louis XVI of France. The name honors Benjamin Franklin, the American commissioner at Paris whose famous almanacs had been published in France under the title Les Maximes du Bonhomme Richard.

1813—During the War of 1812, the sloop ship Hornet, commanded by James Lawrence, captures and burns the British merchant ship Resolute off Pernambuco, Brazil.

1942—While the battle for Bataan rages throughout the night, USS Trout (SS 202) loads 20 tons of gold bars and 18 tons of silver coins as ballast to replace the weight of ammunition they had just delivered to US and Philippine forces in Manila.

1944—Destroyers Charrette (DD 581) and Fair (DE 35) sink Japanese submarine I 175, 100 miles north of Jaluit, Marshall Islands.

1944—PV-1 Ventura aircraft sink Japanese water tanker Goryu Maru off Emidj Island, Jaluit.

1942 Due to rationing, selling dog food in cans is prohibited.

1962 First U.S. Air Force plane crashes in South Vietnam. »

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

• Secretary of the Navy told USNI News that the Navy’s plan to reach 355 ships by 2030 will rely on the development of new classes of warships.

• Multiple outlets report that after two years of repairs following a 2017 collision, USS Fitzgerald departed Ingalls Shipbuilding to conduct sea trials.

• USNI News reported on the arrival of Marine Corps F-35Cs at Miramar as the first squadron of Marine Corps F-35Cs prepares to reach initial operating capability next month.


February 4


Harun al-Rashid succeeds his older brother the Abbasid Caliph al-Hadi as Caliph of Baghdad.


Richard I, King of England, is freed from captivity in Germany.


The Proclamation of Trent is made.


Shay's Rebellion, an uprising of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers against the new U.S. government, fails.


France abolishes slavery in her territories and confers slaves to citizens.


Harry Longabaugh is released from Sundance Prison in Wyoming, thereby acquiring the famous nickname, "the Sundance Kid."


After an exchange of gunfire, fighting breaks out between American troops and Filipinos near Manila, sparking the Philippine-American War


The New York Police Department begins finger print identification.


California law segregates Caucasian and Japanese schoolchildren.


Germany decrees British waters as part of the war zone; all ships to be sunk without warning.


French troops take the territories of Offenburg, Appenweier and Buhl in the Ruhr as a part of the agreement ending World War I.


Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurates the Winter Olympics at Lake Placid, N.Y.


The United Service Organization (U.S.O.) is formed to cater to armed forces and defense industries.


The Japanese attack the Indian Seventh Army in Burma.


The Big Three, American, British and Soviet leaders, meet in Yalta to discuss the war aims.


Senate Foreign Relations Committee begins televised hearings on the Vietnam War.


Newspaper heiress Patty Hearst is kidnapped by the Symbionese Liberation Army, beginning one of the most bizarre cases in FBI history.


Syria withdraws its peacekeeping force in Beirut.

The U.S. Post Office issues a commemorative stamp featuring Sojourner Truth.


Vote For The Gary Sinise Foundation During The Charity Challenge

Thanks to all who voted

Thanks to Deuce

The Gary Sinise Foundation will receive $100,000 thanks to the efforts of the Bubbas and others! (4,000 votes came in after your email) It’s great to see their efforts recognized!



Skip - the Tomcat Monument Assn has seen a large increase in donations since the last NOTAM from RADM Bad Fred Lewis. Would you please put the below in The List?

Thanks pal!


Special NOTAM #2

RADM Bad Fred Lewis, USN (Ret)
President, F-14 Tomcat Monument Association

Thank you all for the overwhelming response to my last NOTAM calling for support for the Tomcat Monument. As of February 1st, the Mach2 and Afterburner donation levels FOR THE VIRGINIA BEACH monument site have been fully subscribed but the Mach1 level is still available. Because of this, the deadline for donating at the Mach1 level so your name is engraved on BOTH the Virginia Beach and Pensacola monuments and the proposed San Diego monument has been changed to February 15th! All donations received after February 15th will be added only to the Pensacola monument and the proposed San Diego installation.

Thank you all again for your outpouring of support for this memorial to the legacy of the finest fighter ever flown by the US Navy.

Forever Baby!


Thanks to Rob and Jack

] The "1619 Project" being taught in U.S. schools teaches kids the U.S. was founded on slavery in 1619, not on freedom in 1776

In case anyone is curious how our kids are being brainwashed, here is a good example.

Despite top historians decrying what they call its falsehoods and distortions, a race-conscious New York Times rewrite of American history is being adopted in classrooms across the country, John Murawski reports for RealClearInvestigations. The 1619 Project is teaching tens of thousands of American schoolchildren that the United States was founded not in liberty in 1776 but in the bondage of slaves arriving in Virginia in 1619. Murawski reports:

Since publication in the New York Times Magazine last summer, the 1619 Project has been adapted for more than 3,500 classrooms in all 50 states.

Five school systems, including Chicago and Washington DC, have adopted it district-wide.

School systems are largely doing this by administrative fiat, not through a public textbook review process.

The 1619 Project is part of the ongoing "ethnic studies" or "woke history" movement sweeping the nation's schools, which proponents say corrects a version of history distorted by "whiteness."

Random House plans four 1619-themed books for young readers, including a special illustrated edition. Ten Speed Press has a "graphic novelization" in the works.

As journalism, the Times project is a bold departure from traditional news aiming to provide readers with impartial information and a range of perspectives.

The project's leader, Nikole Hannah-Jones, says her goal for the project is a "reparations bill" - financial reparations for slavery and subsequent racial discrimination.

There's no such thing as objective history, she says.

A school official in minority-heavy Buffalo, N.Y. calls the effort a godsend, "a curriculum of emancipation, a pedagogy of liberation, for freeing the minds of young people."

Henry Louis Gates Jr., the black Harvard academic, took issue with Hannah-Jones for ignoring the role of African chieftains who kidnapped blacks for the slave trade.

Gordon Wood, a leading historian of the American Revolution, says that without corrections, the only way to use the 1619 project for education would be "as a way of showing how history can be distorted and perverted."


Thanks to John

'Ya think?

Yes, Gavin Newsome, California’s governor Is Nancy Pelosi's Nephew.

And Yes, Adam “shifty” Shiff's Sister Is Married To George Soros.

And Yes, John Kerry's Daughter Is Married To A "Mullah's Son In Iran.

This is what you call a "stacked deck."
If you had a hunch the news system was somewhat rigged and you
couldn't put your finger on it, this might help you solve the puzzle.
ABC News executive producer Ian Cameron is married to Susan Rice,
Obama's former National Security Adviser.
CBS President David Rhodes is the brother of Ben Rhodes, Obama's
Deputy National Security Adviser for Strategic Communications.
ABC News correspondent Claire Shipman is married to former Obama White
House Press Secretary Jay Carney
ABC News and Univision reporter Matthew Jaffe is married to Katie
Hogan, Obama's former Deputy Press Secretary.
ABC President Ben Sherwood is the brother of Obama's former Special
Adviser Elizabeth Sherwood.
CNN President Virginia Moseley is married to former Hillary Clinton's
Deputy Secretary Tom Nides.
This is “Huge” and is a 'partial' list since the same incestuous
relationship holds true for NBC/MSNBC and most media outlets. Trump
has been right all along. Fake News is generated by this incestuous
But ya think there might be a little bias in the news?..
Ya Think?


Thanks to Bart

Subject: The 100 Biggest Moments in American Booze Since Prohibition - InsideHook


Thanks to Barrett

From 5206

Skip, there's a recent PBS program about the argument for bombing Auschwitz. Includes interviews and dramatic re-enactments but IMO it lacks aviation knowledge. The preferred method was to destroy the gas chambers and crematoria, which of course were precision targets. In writing the 15th AF history I found that a B-17/24 group often was hard pressed to keep half its ordnance inside the perimeter of a typical refinery. IIRC the one incident of bombs on Auschwitz was the result of a 4-mile error...

The next option was bombing the railroads, which of course are resilient targets and usually soon repaired (ask the Chinese, N Koreans and N Viets.)

Thing was: the death camps were merely more efficient than previous methods. The Holocaust would not have ended with destruction of Auschwitz, etc, because the SS already had demonstrated willingness & ability to shoot large numbers of people in pits.

Thus passeth the sanguinary XX century.



Thanks to Carl

The latest on the problem with the Gun adds More fuel on the Fire…..

The F-35 is an overpriced lemon that doesn’t work


Some articles from the Naval History and Heritage Command

Naval Academy Celebrates 175 Years

This year commemorates 175 years of the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, MD. On Jan. 28 at the Maryland State House, Governor Larry Hogan presented the Naval Academy a proclamation that officially kicks off the yearlong celebration. “One of our most treasured traditions is our friendship with the great city of Annapolis and our home state of Maryland,” said Superintendent Vice Adm. Sean Buck. “Over the years we’ve built a phenomenal relationship with our surrounding community and are grateful to the people of Annapolis and the state of Maryland for embracing the academy and our midshipmen.” “The Naval School” was established on Oct. 10, 1845, on a 10-acre Army post in Annapolis called Fort Severn. There were initially 50 students and seven faculty members. Today, the campus is 338 acres; the student body has grown to nearly 4,400; and the faculty is more than 1,200. For more, read the U.S Naval Academy release.

Essex First to Cross Equator

On Feb. 7, 1800, 220 years ago, the frigate Essex became the first U.S. Navy vessel to cross the equator. The frigate Congress and Essex—with Capt. Edward Preble in command—set sail with a convoy of merchantmen for the East Indies in January 1800, but six days out Congress lost her mast in a gale and had to return home. Essex continued the voyage. The ship made her mark as the first U.S. man-of-war to double the Cape of Good Hope, in March and August 1800. After cruising for a few months around the Straits of Sunda protecting American trade from French privateers, Essex sailed for home with a convoy of 14 vessels, arriving in New York in November. After the voyage, Essex continued—under different commanders—to protect American trade and seamen against depredations by the Barbary Powers in the Mediterranean until peace terms were finalized in 1806.

The Legend of Philo McGiffin

Philo McGiffin U.S. Naval Academy Class of 1882—was known for his mischief as a midshipman. In the 1880s, there were more graduates than officer billets, so McGiffin was denied a commission and sent home. Still determined to pursue a naval career, he offered his services to China and was accepted. He became a Chinese naval officer, superintendent of the Chinese Naval Academy, and commander of Chinese battleship Chen Yuen, which fought in the Battle of Yalu in 1894. His heroic actions during the battle cemented McGiffin’s reputation as a man of wit, grit, and courage who inspired midshipmen well into the 20th century. For more, listen to the Preble Hall podcast. USNA Museum’s curator Grant Walker discusses McGiffin’s legend and life.

Flying in Iraq on the First Night of Wa

It was March 20, 2003, and the U.S. invasion of Iraq—dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom—had kicked off. HH-60 Seahawk helicopter pilot Chris Harmer and his fellow naval aviators, along with two Polish snipers, had an important mission that night—provide security for a small flotilla of U.S. Navy riverine craft clearing the waterway that connects the Iraqi port of Umm Qasr to the Persian Gulf. The waterway needed to be secured as quickly as possible to allow heavy cargo ships in so they could support troops on the ground. During Desert Storm, Saddam Hussein’s forces left Kuwait ablaze by setting hundreds of oil and gas wells on fire. Securing Umm Qasr was crucial in preventing Hussein’s retreating forces from sabotaging the port. That night, the team launched from a small, transient base located about ten miles south of the Iraqi border. For more on the mission, read the article.


Home / Editors Picks / 2019 Year in Review

2019 Year in Review

December 31, 2019 Editors Picks, Featured, Uncategorized

By Naval History and Heritage Command, Communication and Outreach Division. History is made everyday—especially in the Navy! Once again the Navy made a ton of history in 2019. Read the following blog; click on some of the links for more information; and take a look at some of the moments and

Japanese Withdrawal, February 1943
Sunk and then beached in November 1942, the wreck of the Japanese troop transport Kinugawa Maru is an apt symbol of Japan's defeat on Guadalcanal (NH 74773).

Despite the heavy U.S. losses at the Battle of Tassafaronga, the engagement set the stage for Japan's increasing difficulty in resupplying its troops on Guadalcanal. U.S. air attacks frustrated several of the enemy's resupply missions. The Japanese navy was now conducting these with destroyers, which transported strings of supply drums meant to be cut loose close to shore. On 8 December, eight Navy PT-boats met an equal number of Japanese destroyers and thwarted the enemy's supply run with torpedos and close-range machine-gun fire, suffering no casualties during the engagement. By the end of December 1942, the Japanese Imperial High Command had evaluated and reluctantly accepted recommendations for the evacuation of Japanese forces on Guadalcanal and had informed Emperor Hirohito. Imperial Army and Navy staffs were directed to plan accordingly. The evacuation, Operation Ke, was scheduled to begin in late January 1943. On 14 January, the Japanese navy was able to land a fresh battalion of troops on Guadalcanal to act as a rearguard for Ke. Japanese ships and aircraft were staged on Rabaul and Bougainville to support the evacuation.

Japanese sea and air activity, and heightened radio traffic, did not go unnoticed. Much of the U.S. naval power in the South Paicific was ordered to rendezvous south of Guadalcanal to shield troop transport movements from possible enemy offensive operations. On the evening of 29 January 1943, Task Force 18, composed of five cruisers and six destroyers, was set upon by two Japanese air groups. The ships' disposition at the time left them vulnerable to air attack. The cruiser Chicago (CA-29) was hit by two torpedos that left her dead in the water. Louisville (CA-28) and Wichita (CA-45) were also hit by torpedos, although these turned out to be duds. Chicago was taken in tow, but was lost in a subsequent air attack on the following afternoon. The engagement, subsequently known as the Battle of Rennell Island, was to spell the last tactical success for the Japanese in the eastern Solomons.

Battle of Rennell Island, 29–30 January 1943: 29-30 January 1943 USS Chicago (CA-29), at left, under tow at five knots by USS Louisville (CA-28) on the morning of 30 January 1943. The damaged cruiser had been torpedoed by Japanese aircraft on the previous night. A tug, probably USS Navajo (AT-64), is alongside Louisville (NH 94681).

By this time, the Japanese 17th Army, the bulk of the enemy’s ground forces on Guadalcanal, had withdrawn to the island’s western shore while staging counterattacks and fighting rearguard skirmishes. U.S. Army forces, which had relieved the 1st Marine Division in December, mistook the Japanese movements for offensive preparations and did not immediately pursue the retreating enemy. The last Japanese were evacuated by a destroyer task force during the night of 7 February.

During the course of the hard-fought campaign, U.S. forces suffered 7,100 dead and nearly 8,000 wounded. Japanese losses were at least 19,200 dead and an unknown—but certainly proportionate—number of wounded. Together with the Battle of Midway, the Allied victory on Guadalcanal was likely the turning point of the Pacific War. Japan was now on the defensive


Daily News from Military Periscope for February 4, 2020

USA—Boeing Takes Another $148 Million Hit On KC-46 Program Air Force Magazine | 02/04/2020 Boeing has revealed more than $100 million in “reach-forward losses” on its KC-46 Pegasus aerial tanker program, reports Air Force magazine. The US$148 million loss was revealed in a Jan. 31 filing with the Security and Exchange Commission (SEC). Boeing suffered $736 million in reach-forward losses last year, noted the magazine. The losses are the result of higher than expected manufacturing costs on the derivative of the company’s commercial 767 passenger aircraft. Boeing has previously incurred around $3 billion in losses on the KC-46 program. Numerous issues have delayed the program and caused cost overruns. Ongoing problems include a lack of visual acuity in the remote vision system, lack of indication of high boom radial loads and boom stiffness in refueling lighter aircraft.

United Kingdom—3 Injured In Knife Attack In London BBC News | 02/04/2020 Two people have been stabbed in London in what has been described as an Islamist-related terrorist incident, reports BBC News. The incident occurred on Sunday in the southern Streatham district of London, reported NPR News. Two people were stabbed during the attack and another was injured by glass caused by gunfire. One victim was being treated for life-threatening injuries. The attacker was shot dead at the scene. He was initially thought to be wearing a suicide vest, but police discovered it was fake. The attacker had been granted an early release from prison in January after serving half of a 3.5-year sentence. He had pled guilty in 2018 to terror offenses, specifically for possessing and distributing terrorist documents, reported the Times of Israel. The Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attack via its Amaq news agency, reported Reuters. The suspect was under active police surveillance at the time of the attack.

France—Police Apprehend Knife-Wielding Attacker At Barracks Agence France-Presse | 02/04/2020 French police have shot and wounded a man who attacked officers in a barracks in eastern France, reports Agence France-Presse. On Monday, the knife-wielding man entered the barracks in Dieuze and attempted to attack officers. One officer was wounded before police shot and injured that attacker and took him into custody. Shortly before the incident, police received a tip that an attack was about to be committed in the name of ISIS. There were no immediate claims of responsibility from the terrorist group. This is the second insider attack on French security forces in the last four months, noted Reuters. In October, an information technology assistant killed four people at the police headquarters in Paris.

Germany—Keel Laid For Another Braunschweig-Class Corvette Defense-Aerospace | 02/04/2020 The Lursen Werft shipyard in Wolgast in northeastern Germany has laid the keel for the seventh Braunschweig-class corvette, reports The keel-laying ceremony took place on Jan. 31, reported the German navy. Five Braunschweig-class vessels are currently in service with the German navy, which ordered five more of the ships in 2017. Work on the first ship of the second batch, the Koln, began in February 2019. The second batch of corvettes incorporates several upgrades, including modernized IT systems, a new cladding for the main gun turret and a second speed boat. The changes are expected to be incorporated onto the older vessels during future docking periods.

Russia—Armata Tanks Ready For Operational Testing Tass | 02/04/2020 Initial variants of the Armata armored vehicle platform are set for delivery in support of operational testing, reports Russia’s Tass news agency. “In 2020, we will begin the deliveries for the operational evaluation of this armor,” Alexander Potapov, CEO of Russian defense manufacturer Uralvagonzavod, said on Monday, as reported by Vedomosti (Russia). Variants of the Armata platform include the T-14 tank, an infantry fighting vehicle and an armored personnel carrier. The vehicles intended for operational evaluation will be the first to be operated by Russian military troops. Preparatory work is underway ahead of serial production of the vehicles, Potapov said. Exports of the tank variant are expected once it enters service with the Russian military.

China—Xi Urges Tougher Response As Coronavirus Continues To Spread New York Times | 02/04/2020 Chinese President Xi Jinping has called for a more aggressive response to the coronavirus outbreak that began in Wuhan, reports the New York Times. Xi's announcement on Monday followed a second extraordinary meeting that included senior members of the Chinese Communist Party. The crisis represents a major test to China's system, Xi said in his second public appearance since the government in Beijing imposed a lockdown in Wuhan on Jan. 23. Communist leaders called for a strengthening of environmental sanitation standards and a crackdown on wildlife trading, which is seen as the likely source of the outbreak, reported Xinhua, China's state news agency. Observers anticipate a reshuffle of local officials after the government was criticized for its slow response. Tuesday marked the first confirmed death due to the virus in Hong Kong, reported the South China Morning Post. All but three of the 16 crossings between mainland China and the semi-autonomous region were closed on Monday. At least 420 people in China have died since the outbreak began in December. At least 20,438 coronavirus cases have been confirmed.

Japan—Takanami Destroyer On Way To Middle East Asahi Shimbun | 02/04/2020 A Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force destroyer has departed its base for a deployment to the Gulf of Oman, reports the Asahi Shimbun (Japan). The Takanami set sail on Sunday from Yokosuka in the Kanagawa prefecture. Two MSDF P-3C patrol aircraft departed on Jan. 11 as part of the Japan’s Middle East maritime security initiative. The destroyer and patrol aircraft will operate in the Gulf of Oman, the northern half of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Aden. The deployment is authorized through Dec. 26. The destroyer assigned to the mission is expected to be rotated out every three to four months, reported the Kyodo news agency. Tokyo authorized the intelligence-gathering deployment to the Middle East last year after Iran mined several tanker vessels and seized a U.K.-flagged ship. This is the first such long-term intelligence gathering mission abroad for the MSDF.

Burma—Government Reimposes Internet Blackout In West Reuters | 02/04/2020 The Burmese government has reimposed an internet blackout in the western Rakhine and Chin states for three months, reports Reuters. The transport and communications ministry ordered that mobile internet service be stopped in Buthidaung, Maungdaw, Myebon and Rathedaung townships in Rakhine and Paletwa township in Chin, Norwegian mobile operator Telenor Group said on Monday, as cited by the Irrawady (Burma). The decision was based on security requirements and the public interest, said the firm, citing government officials. Officials lifted the blackout in September amid ongoing peace talks with rebel groups. An army spokesman denied that the order came from the military.

Israel—Abbas Threatens to End Security Cooperation Over Trump Peace Plan Times of Israel | 02/04/2020 Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has threatened to cut security ties with Israel and the U.S. in response to the Trump administration’s peace plan, which is widely seen as favoring Israel, reported the Times of Israel. Abbas issued the warning on Saturday during a speech at an Arab League meeting in Cairo that was called to discuss Trump’s peace proposal. The Palestinian leader rejected the proposal with the unanimous endorsement of the Arab League. On Sunday, a senior Palestinian official said that security cooperation continued, although relations were tense. Palestinian leadership currently has an agreement to cooperate with U.S. intelligence agencies to combat extremism. Israeli officials have said that security coordination with the Palestinian Authority has contributed significantly to stability in the West Bank and Israel. There have been calls in some quarters for the dissolution of the Palestinian Authority to force Israel to take over the provision of services in the West Bank.

Libya—Rival Leaders Meet In Geneva To Seek Lasting Cease-Fire Guardian | 02/04/2020 Officials representing both sides in Libya's civil war are meeting in Switzerland in an effort to establish a permanent cease-fire, building on a shaky truce that began in January, reports the Guardian (U.K.). On Monday, five senior military officers representing the U.N.-recognized Government of National Accord (GNA) and five representatives from the Libyan National Army (LNA) participated in indirect talks in Geneva, reported the Libyan Express. The leaders agreed in principle to turn the current truce into a lasting cease-fire, U.N. envoy to Libya Ghassan Salame said on Tuesday, as quoted by Al Jazeera (Qatar). The talks are expected to last all week. Last week, Salame told the Security Council that weapons continue to flow into the country despite pledges made in Berlin last month. He accused both sides of increasing the intensity of the fighting since the talks in Berlin.

Morocco—Israeli UAVs Delivered Through French Intermediary Times of Israel | 02/04/2020 The Moroccan military has taken delivery of three Israeli-made Heron uncrewed aerial vehicles purchased from France, reports the Times of Israel. The UAVs arrived in Morocco on Jan. 26. Morocco purchased the Herons for approximately US$48 million in 2014, reported Intelligence Online (France). The French military had employed the drones during operations in Afghanistan prior to retiring them. The systems were purchased and delivered through French defense contractor Dassault. Dassault’s involvement was required because Morocco and Israel do not have formal relations. The drones are expected to be deployed to the Western Sahara region to combat extremists.

Somalia—2 Al-Shabaab Facilities Destroyed In Ops With U.S. Africa Command | 02/04/2020 U.S. and Somali forces have destroyed two Al-Shabaab compounds and killed at least one suspected terrorist during operations last month in southern Somalia, reports the U.S. Africa Command. The operations from Jan. 23-29 eliminated the facilities in Jamaame and Jilib, said a command release on Monday. Intelligence indicated the sites were used to organize and plan attacks on civilians, said Brig. Gen. Gregory Hadfield, the deputy director for intelligence at AFRICOM. The command said it took "significant measures" to prevent civilian casualties. The move follows an attack by the Al-Qaida affiliate in Kenya last month, which killed a soldier and two contractors.

Ethiopia—Deal Reached On Nile River Dam U.S. Treasury Dept. | 02/04/2020 Representatives of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan have finalized an agreement on the operation of a dam being built on the Blue Nile River by Ethiopia, reports the U.S. Treasury Dept. The ministers of foreign affairs and water resources of the three countries met in Washington, D.C., last week along with U.S. Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin and David Malpass, the president of the World Bank. The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) has been a source of concern in the region due to the importance of water from the river in upstream countries. A final deal is expected to be signed by the end February after the agreed upon details are codified by the technical and legal teams from the parties, according to a joint statement released on Jan. 31 by the particpants. Three major issues have been settled under the comprehensive agreement: a schedule for a stage-based filling plan of the dam; a mitigation mechanism for filling the dam during droughts, prolonged droughts and dry periods; and a mitigation mechanism for operating the dam during such periods. The agreement also includes a commitment to finalize mechanisms for the dam’s annual and long-term operation in normal conditions as well as for dispute resolution and information-sharing.

Sudan—Transitional Council Chief Meets With Israeli PM, Agrees To Normalize Relations Bloomberg News | 02/04/2020 Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and the head of the Sudanese Sovereign Council, Abdel Fatah Burhan, have agreed to work toward the normalization of relations after a meeting in Uganda, reports Bloomberg News. The leaders met on Monday in Entebbe in central Uganda, reported Reuters. The sides agreed that the countries would work together to normalize relations, according to an Israeli statement. Sudanese Information Minister Faisal Salih said the interim government was not aware of the meeting and that the Cabinet had not discussed it. The move could benefit Netanyahu as he prepares for another round of elections in March. Sudan likely hopes that closer ties with Israel will help lead to the easing of U.S. sanctions. Israel has also been pushing to normalize relations with Arab and Muslim-majority countries. Sudan has had no relations with Israel since independence in 1956.

Kenya—Air Force Receives 2 C-27J Spartan Transports The Star | 02/04/2020 The Kenyan air force has taken delivery of two C-27J Spartan cargo aircraft from Leonardo in Italy, reports the Star (Nairobi). The aircraft were formally handed over on Jan. 30 in Nairobi. The Spartans will complete acceptance testing before officially entering service, military officials said. Kenya ordered three Spartans in 2017, noted Defence Web (South Africa). The new planes are expected to replace the service's aging DHC-5 Buffalo transports. Separately, sources told the Star that Kenya will acquire a Boeing 737 passenger jet in 2020, in addition to three others expected to be delivered in the future.

Mali—Military Launches New Operation To Reassert Government Control Defense Post | 02/04/2020 The Malian military has launched an operation against militants in the central and eastern part of the country, reports the Defense Post. Operation Maliko targets terrorist and criminal threats and aims to reassert government control in seven regions in the east and center of the country, according to a Jan. 30 decree from President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita. The operation is divided into two commands, with an east theater headquartered in Gao and covering the Gao, Meneka and Kidal regions; and a central region, headquartered in Sevare and covering Segou, Mopti, Timbuktu and Taoudenit. Each command is headed by a general or senior officer who commands a combined military and paramilitary force. The military leaders will be responsible for planning and conducting operations civil defense, force protection and security of important installations. The commanders have been given wide-ranging authority to address security concerns, including imposing restriction on movement, modes of transport and access to specific areas. Maliko "takes into account" other efforts in the region, alluding to the French-led Operation Barkhane and the G5 Sahel, a framework force for regional security cooperation.

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