The List 5200 TGB
I hope that your weekend is going well. A few things to peruse in case the football is not entertaining
Today in History
British settlement begins in Australia
On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia. After overcoming a period of hardship, the fledgling colony began to celebrate the anniversary of this date with great fanfare and it eventually became commemorated as Australia Day.
Australia, once known as New South Wales, was originally planned as a penal colony. In October 1786, the British government appointed Arthur Phillip captain of the HMS Sirius, and commissioned him to establish an agricultural work camp there for British convicts. With little idea of what he could expect from the mysterious and distant land, Phillip had great difficulty assembling the fleet that was to make the journey. His requests for more experienced farmers to assist the penal colony were repeatedly denied, and he was both poorly funded and outfitted. Nonetheless, accompanied by a small contingent of Marines and other officers, Phillip led his 1,000-strong party, of whom more than 700 were convicts, around Africa to the eastern side of Australia. In all, the voyage lasted eight months, claiming the deaths of some 30 men.
The first years of settlement were nearly disastrous. Cursed with poor soil, an unfamiliar climate and workers who were ignorant of farming, Phillip had great difficulty keeping the men alive. The colony was on the verge of outright starvation for several years, and the marines sent to keep order were not up to the task. Phillip, who proved to be a tough but fair-minded leader, persevered by appointing convicts to positions of responsibility and oversight. Floggings and hangings were commonplace, but so was egalitarianism. As Phillip said before leaving England: "In a new country there will be no slavery and hence no slaves."
Though Phillip returned to England in 1792, the colony became prosperous by the turn of the 19th century. Feeling a new sense of patriotism, the men began to rally around January 26 as their founding day. Historian Manning Clarke noted that in 1808 the men observed the "anniversary of the foundation of the colony" with "drinking and merriment."
In 1818, January 26 became an official holiday, marking the 30th anniversary of British settlement in Australia. As Australia became a sovereign nation, it became the national holiday known as Australia Day. In recent times, Australia Day has become increasingly controversial as it marks the start of when the continent's indigenous people were gradually dispossessed of their land as white colonization spread across the continent.
Thanks to Rob and Chucker
Let me leave you with this from the friend of Jim Horsely and I, Michael Norman:
I now know why men who have been to war yearn to reunite. Not to tell stories or look at old pictures. Not to laugh or weep. Comrades gather because they long to be with the men who once acted their best, men who suffered and sacrificed, who were stripped raw, right down to their humanity.
I did not pick these men. They were delivered by fate and the Military. But I know them in a way I know no other men. I have never given anyone such trust. They were willing to guard something more precious than my life.
They would have carried my reputation, the memory of me. It was part of the bargain we all made, the reason we were so willing to die for one another. I cannot say where we are headed. Ours are not perfect friendships; those are the province of legend and myth. A few of my comrades drift far from me now, sending back only occasional word. I know that one day even these could fall to silence. Some of the men will stay close, a couple, perhaps, always at hand.
As long as I have memory, I will think of them all, every day. I am sure that when I leave this world, my last thought will be of my family and my comrades…..such good men.
See the note on the LACB 31 at the end of this list
Thanks to Admiral Jimmy Mac
Subject: Tomcat Monument
RADM Bad Fred Lewis, USN (Ret)
President, F-14 Tomcat Monument Association
You are all receiving this notice because I would again like to thank you for your generosity and for your genuine love for the F-14 and the Tomcat community. Your contributions have made our collective dream of a lasting memorial to the F-14 a reality. By reality I mean that we will dedicate the first monument on 13 May 2020, so it will be there at the Naval Aviation Park in Virginia Beach for all to see. Visitors from around the world will experience some of the exhilaration we all felt when flying that iconic machine, and they will read your names engraved on the base of the monument. Unfortunately, many names of great aviators we all know will not make it in time for the 15 March cutoff date for the engraving process.
During our capital campaign we pulsed every conceivable media outlet in our attempt to get the word out to all hands. We know, however, that many still do not know about this noble endeavor. Your names will be on both the Virginia Beach monument and the Pensacola monument, but those who are unaware of our efforts will miss one and perhaps both. It is to that end that we seek your assistance in spreading the word and spreading it quickly. We ask that each of you use whatever means you have available to let your former squadron mates and former shipmates know about the monument program and direct them to our website, www.tomcatmonument.org so that they can have a chance to be part of this lasting memorial. March 15th is the cutoff date!
The USS Missouri: Tokyo Bay. Interesting facts
When I first received this from Micro last May he suggested I send it to Admiral Cox at The Naval History and Heritage Command and this was the response from him and his team
Skip, this is what we were able to find. I added a few extra comments embedded in the original note. All the best, Sam
Samuel J. Cox
RADM, USN (retired)
Director of Naval History
Curator for the Navy
Director, Naval History and Heritage Command
From: Bereiter, Gregory D CIV USN NHHC WASHINGTON DC (USA) .Subject: RE: USS Missouri: Tokyo Bay
Historian Kevin Hurst has provided the following response in answer to the recent RFI regarding USS MISSOURI in Tokyo Bay.
Gregory Bereiter, Ph.D.
.From: Hurst, Cecil K CIV USN NHHC WASHINGTON DC (US) <email@example.com>
I have looked at several sources that we hold here at the Naval History and Heritage Command, but I could not find anything that could verify the intentional symbolism listed in Mr. Lovelady's e-mail aside from the location of USS MISSOURI within Tokyo Bay and Commodore Perry's flag that had been flown from the Naval Academy Museum for the occasion. I have included a link to a history.net article by Richard Frank (https://www.historynet.com/altar-of-peace-symbolism-at-japanese-surreder-ceremony.htm) that provides a nice overview of some of the background behind the planning of the surrender ceremony which he characterizes as combining "…meaning and symbolism --- some of it intended, but most not --- to create historical and political theater of the highest quality."
General MacArthur delegated planning of the ceremony to his Chief of Staff, Lt. Gen. Richard K. Sutherland and Col. Hervey B. Whipple, so I looked at the portions of "The Bitter Years, MacArthur and Sutherland" by Paul Rogers in the Navy Department Library that related to the surrender ceremony but could find anything that pertained to symbolism behind the ceremony. Memoirs by Sutherland and Whipple would be the most likely source to confirm the information about the intentions behind many of the ceremony details, but these publications are held by the Library of Congress and not NHHC. NARA also hold a significant manuscript and personal papers collection for Sutherland.
The commanding officer of USS MISSOURI at the time of the surrender was Stuart Murray and he was trusted with the execution of the ceremony plans. I have linked to the USS MISSOURI website that includes excerpts from interviews with ADM Murray about the surrender ceremony (https://ussmissouri.org/learn-the-history/surrender/admiral-murrays-account). The Navy Department Library holds the 2-volume oral history from which that account was excerpted and I read all of the surrender ceremony related portions of that oral history but did not see anything that addressed intentions.
As would be expected, issues such as force protection, seating arrangements, protocol, reacting to unexpected obstacles, etc. were at the forefront of the ceremony planner's minds and those are the issues that are primarily discussed in the available records by those involved. I think it is axiomatic that the Allies wished to impress upon the Japanese the decisive nature of their military defeat in order to discourage any possible resistance and all of the speculation as to the motive behind individual ceremony details seem plausible. However, unless there is something in the personal papers or memoirs of the participants, I think it unlikely we will find something that will allow us to make a definitive determination as to the specific motivations of those involved.
C. Kevin Hurst
Historian, Emergent Response Section
From: Cox, Samuel J SES USN NHHC WASHINGTON DC (US) <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Sent: Friday, May 24, 2019 7:03 AM
To: Baker, Sharon M CIV USN NHHC WASHINGTON DC (USA) <email@example.com>
Cc: Hulver, Richard A CIV USN NHHC WASHINGTON DC (USA) <Richard.Hulver@navy.mil>; Bereiter, Gregory D CIV USN NHHC WASHINGTON DC (USA) <Gregory.Bereiter@navy.mil>; Helm, Glenn E CIV USN (USA) <firstname.lastname@example.org>; Luebke, Peter C CIV USN NHHC WASHINGTON DC (US) <email@example.com>; Cressman, Robert J CIV USN (USA) <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: USS Missouri: Tokyo Bay
Sharon, can we have someone look into this on the Missouri? I'm going to concentrate on the Midway movie script today. Sam
Samuel J. Cox
RADM, USN (retired)
Director of Naval History
Curator for the Navy
Director, Naval History and Heritage Command
From: Skip Leonard <email@example.com>
Have you ever heard any of these "facts" about the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
From: David E. Lovelady [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org]
.Subject: FW: The USS Missouri: Tokyo Bay. Interesting facts
I received the following from a friend. I have not researched/verified all the claims, and there are several I haven't heard before. Perhaps Admiral Cox could instruct us on whether this borders on "urban legend" or all facets are the result of intentional symbolism.
The following has Admiral Cox additions
Great Story & History Lesson
The USS Missouri: Tokyo Bay. Interesting facts
Why did the US choose a US Navy Iowa-class battleship as the location for Japan's surrender in World War 2 even though they were in Tokyo Bay and could have used a building on land?
Pure symbolism. Nothing says "you're utterly defeated" than having to board the enemy's massive battleship in the waters of your own capital city. A naval vessel is considered sovereign territory for the purposes of accepting a surrender. You just don't get that if you borrow a ceremonial space from the host country. NOTHING IN THE RECORD CONFIRMS THIS BUT IT IS PLAUSIBLE.
In addition, the Navy originally wanted the USS South Dakota to be the surrender site. It was President Truman who changed it to USS Missouri, Missouri being Truman's home state. THERE WERE SEVERAL POSSIBILITIES OF SHIPS WITH LONGER AND MORE DISTINGUISHED WAR RECORDS THAN MISSOURI, BUT MISSOURI WAS ADMIRAL HALSEY'S FLAGSHIP AND THAT WAS PROBABLY THE REASON IT WAS CHOSEN.
The Japanese delegation had to travel across water to the Missouri, which sat at the center of a huge US fleet. It's a bit like those movie scenes where someone enters a big-wig's office, and the big-wig is sat silhouetted at the end of a long room, behind a massive desk. The appellant has to walk all the way to that desk along a featureless space, feeling small, exposed, vulnerable and comparatively worthless before the mogul enthroned in dramatic lighting before him. By the time he gets there the great speech he had prepared is reduced to a muttered sentence or two. THE ONLY WAY TO GET TO A SHIP AT ANCHOR IS BY BOAT. NO HELICOPTERS THEN.
In addition, the USS Missouri flew the flag of Commodore Perry's 19th century gun-boat diplomacy mission that opened the closeted Edo-era Japan to the world and forced upon them the Meiji restoration which ended the rule of the samurai class. THE FLAG DIDN'T FLY. IT WAS MOUNTED IN A FRAME (IN RECERSE) AND HUNG ON THE BULKHEAD ABOVE THE SURRENDER TABLE.
The symbolism here is pretty clear - "this is how we want you to be, and remember what happens to countries that defy us."
It was particularly humiliating for a proud country like Japan, and that was entirely the point.
The symbolism of the ceremony was even greater than that. The ship was anchored at the precise latitude/longitude recorded in Perry's log during his 1845 visit, symbolizing the purpose of both visits to open Japan to the West. Perry's original flag was also present, having been flown all the way from the Naval Academy for the ceremony.
When the Japanese delegation came aboard, they were forced to use an accommodation way (stairs) situated just forward of turret #1. The freeboard (distance between the ship's deck and the water line) there makes the climb about twice as long as if it had been set up farther aft, where the freeboard of the ship is less. THE LOCATION OF THE SURRENDER CEREMONY PROBABLY HAD MORE TO DO WITH PROXIMITY TO SENIOR OFFICER QUARTERS, BUT IT WAS AN UNUSUAL PLACE TO BRING PEOPLE ABOARD,
NOTE: This was even more of an issue for the Japanese surrender party as the senior member, Foreign Affairs Minister Shigemitsu, was crippled by an assassination attempt in 1932, losing his right leg in the process.
The #1 and #2 turrets had been traversed about 20 degrees to starboard. The ostensible reason for this was to get the turret overhangs out of the way to create more room for the ceremony on the starboard veranda deck, but in fact this would have only required traversing turret #2 had it been the real reason. However, the turret position also put the gun tubes directly over the heads of the Japanese. They were literally boarding the ship "under the gun". PLAUSIBLE BUT NO CONFIRMATION.
The honor guard of US sailors (side boys) were all hand-picked to be over six feet tall, a further intimidation of the short-statured Japanese. PROBABLY TRUE.
The surrender documents themselves, one copy for the Allies and one for the Japanese contained identical English-language texts, but the Allied copy was bound in good quality leather, while the Japanese copy was bound with light canvas whose stitching looked like it had been done by a drunken tailor using kite string. DON'T KNOW THAT THE JAPANESE DOCUMENT LOOKED THAT BAD, BUT IT WAS DEFINITELY BOUND DIFFERENTLY TO A LOWER STANDARD.
After the signing ceremony, the Japanese delegation was not invited for tea and cookies; they were shuffled off the ship as an Allied air armada of over 400 aircraft flew overhead as a final reminder that American forces still had the ability to continue fighting should the Japanese have second thoughts on surrender. TRUE. NO COOKIES AND FLYOVER WAS A MASSIVE SHOW OF FORCE.
Thanks to Rob…….Beautiful aircraft
War Bird Video
All of these birds, except the Blues, are at the Oshkosh, WI, EAA fly-in, in late July. The Blues were there 2 years ago. 1000's of aircraft of all kinds for 7 days with daily air shows and several night air shows. The night shows are really spectacular.
The 31st Last Annual Crusader Ball is coming the first week in May in Pensacola, Florida. We are going back to visit the birthplace of Naval Aviation where we all started our training to be Naval Aviators, If you are a former Crusader Driver or know someone who was and does not know about our reunions or just needs a little boot in the Butt to get registered then please pass this on.
We hope you had a wonderful time celebrating the holidays with family and friends. Now that the decorations have been put away, it's time to focus on LACB31 in Pensacola 3-6 May at the Pensacola Grand Hotel.
Your LACB31 Planning Committee has finalized an exciting schedule and negotiated a very affordable event.
Registration Is Now Open!
It's an easy two-step process:
Download the Registration Packet here. Fill in your personal information and select the events you wish to attend. Tally up the total, write a check, and send it all to Jim Ozbirn at the address at the bottom of the form. Don't delay; do it now. (You can always go to the website, f8crusader.org, to download the registration packet.)
2: Make Hotel Reservations
You must make your reservations by phone to get the special Crusader room rate of $128.00. Call 850-433-3336 and give them our ID code: F8C to get our rate. This rate is also honored three days before and after our official dates for those who wish to come early or stay longer.
Here's the schedule:
Sunday, May 3:
Available for private/squadron dinners
Monday, May 4
Ready Room (closed during reception & Museum events)
National Naval Aviation Museum Tour with catered luncheon with luncheon at the Museum on the USS Cabot Flight Deck
‣ Buses load at 0900, depart hotel at 0930, return 1430
‣ Must be registered and paid in advance to attend
‣ Wristbands and tickets required to board buses
Gunfighter Happy Hour Reception at the Pensacola Grand
ad hoc Squadron Dinners - Squadrons to schedule on their own, see your squadron leaders for details
Tuesday, May 5:
Ready Room (reopens after the Ball)
Blue Angels practice (on your own)
Cocktail Reception - Ballroom Foyer
31st LACB Dinner, Program
Wednesday, My 6
Naval Aviation Symposium/Golf Tournament (on own)
Please take special note of the time set aside for squadron dinners. Contact your squadron mates and start making plans to make your reunion an even more memorable time.
We look forward to seeing you all in Pensacola,
Dick Evert & Chuck Schroeder
Co-chairs, LACB31 Planning Committee