Friday, November 22, 2019

TheList 5150

The List 5150 TGB

To All,

I hope that your week has been going well. I am off to Colorado early this morning for a couple days to work at the Martial Arts school there. I will put out a list when I return to get back on schedule. Going from rain in San Diego to snow in Colorado.


This Day in Naval History

Nov. 21

1861—During the Civil War, the screw steamer New London, along with screw steamer R.R. Cuyler and crew members of the screw steamer Massachusetts, capture the Confederate schooner Olive with a cargo of lumber in Mississippi Sound.

1918—U.S. battleships witness the surrender of German High Seas fleet at Rosyth, Firth of Forth, Scotland to U.S. and British fleets.

1942—USS Cincinnati (CL 6) and USS Somers (DD 381) uncover the Norwegian ship SS Skjilbred as being the German blockade runner Anneliese Essberger after setting explosions and boarding the ship. Survivors are taken on board USS Milwaukee (CL 5).

1943—USS Nautilus (SS 168) lands U.S. Marine Corps Reconnaissance Company on Abemama, Gilberts while USS Trigger (SS 237) sinks Japanese freighter Eizan Maru in the Yellow Sea.

1944—USS Sealion (SS 315) sinks the Japanese battleship Kongo and destroyer Urakaze north-northwest of Formosa.

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

Executive Summary:

• USNI News reports that CNO Adm. Mike Gilday and his British and Japanese counterparts signed a trilateral cooperation agreement, reaffirming their partnership.

• Coverage continued on Rear Adm. Collin Green's decision to send Chief Petty Officer Edward Gallagher before a review board in a process that could eject Gallagher from the SEALs and remove his trident pin.

• The New York Times reported on growing U.S. India defense ties as the two nations conduct the inaugural Tiger Triumph exercise.


Today in History

November 21


Leaders of the Mayflower expedition frame the "Mayflower Compact," designed to bolster unity among the settlers.


Jean de Rozier and the Marquis d'Arlandes make the first free-flight ascent in a balloon to over 500 feet in Paris.


North Carolina ratifies the Constitution, becoming the 12th state to do it.


Franklin Colman, a pro-slavery Missourian, guns down Charles Dow, a Free Stater from Ohio, near Lawrence, Kansas.


From Georgia, Confederate General John B. Hood launches the Franklin-Nashville Campaign into Tennessee.


Motorized omnibuses replace horse-drawn cars in Paris.


In San Juan, President Theodore Roosevelt pledges citizenship for Puerto Rican people.


Cunard liner Mauritania sets a new speed record for steamship travel, 624 nautical miles in a one day run.


Suffragettes storm Parliament in London. All are arrested and all choose prison terms.


German ace Rudolf von Eschwege is killed over Macedonia when he attacks a booby-trapped observation balloon packed with explosives.


The last German troops leave Alsace-Lorraine, France.


Police turn machine guns on striking Colorado mine workers, killing five and wounding 20.


A New York court rules Gloria Vanderbilt unfit for custody of her daughter.


Cole Porter's musical Anything Goes premieres at New York's Alvin Theatre.


The United Nations grants Libya its independence by 1952.


President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the air quality act, allotting $428 million for the fight against pollution.


U.S. planes conduct widespread bombing raids in North Vietnam.


US Navy intelligence analyst Jonathan Pollard arrested for spying and passing classified information to Israel; he received a life sentence on Nov. 1, 1987.


The Justice Department begins an inquiry into the National Security Council into what will become known as the Iran-Contra scandal.


The Dayton Peace Agreement is initialed at Wright Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio; the agreement, formally ratified in Paris on Dec. 14, ends the three-and-a-half year war between Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Anti-Syrian Lebanese Minister and MP Pierre Gemayel assassinated in Beirut.

1970 U.S. force raids Son Tay prison camp »


November 21
Millions tune in to find out who shot J.R.





On November 21, 1980, 350 million people around the world tune in to television's popular primetime drama "Dallas" to find out who shot J.R. Ewing, the character fans loved to hate. J.R. had been shot on the season-ending episode the previous March 21, which now stands as one of television's most famous cliffhangers. The plot twist inspired widespread media coverage and left America wondering "Who shot J.R.?" for the next eight months. The November 21 episode solved the mystery, identifying Kristin Shepard, J.R.'s wife's sister and his former mistress, as the culprit.

The CBS television network debuted the first five-episode pilot season of "Dallas" in 1978; it went on to run for another 12 full-length seasons. The first show of its kind, "Dallas" was dubbed a "primetime soap opera" for its serial plots and dramatic tales of moral excess. The show revolved around the relations of two Texas oil families: the wealthy, successful Ewing family and the perpetually down-on-their-luck Barnes family. The families' patriarchs, Jock Ewing and Digger Barnes, were former partners locked in a years-long feud over oil fields Barnes claimed had been stolen by Ewing. Ewing's youngest son Bobby (Patrick Duffy) and Barnes' daughter Pam (Victoria Principal) had married, linking the battling clans even more closely. The character of J.R. Ewing, Bobby's oldest brother and a greedy, conniving, womanizing scoundrel, was played by Larry Hagman.

As J.R. had many enemies, audiences were hard-pressed to guess who was responsible for his attempted murder. That summer, the question "Who Shot J.R.?" entered the national lexicon, becoming a popular t-shirt slogan, and heightening anticipation of the soap's third season, which was to air in the fall. After a much-talked-about contract dispute with Hagman was finally settled, the season was delayed because of a Screen Actors Guild strike, much to the dismay of "Dallas" fans. When it finally aired, the episode revealing J.R.'s shooter became one of television's most watched shows, with an audience of 83 million people in the U.S. alone—a full 76 percent of all U.S. televisions on that night were tuned in—and helped put "Dallas" into greater worldwide circulation. It also popularized the use of the cliffhanger by television writers.

The shooting of J.R. wasn't "Dallas'"only notorious plot twist. In September 1986, fans learned that the entire previous season, in which main character Bobby Ewing had died, was merely a dream of Pam's. The show's writers had killed the Bobby character off because Duffy had decided to leave the show. When he agreed to return, they featured him stepping out of the shower on the season-ending cliffhanger, and then were forced the next season to explain his sudden reappearance.

The last premiere episode of "Dallas" aired on May 3, 1991. A spin-off, "Knots Landing," aired from December 27, 1979 until May 13, 1993. "Dallas" remains in syndication around the world.


Thanks to Mud

This is one very lucky soldier. Not only did he survive a war, but he was born with the right genes.

It's amazing how many soldiers right out of high school had to go fight for us and as a result lost their lives. War is man's ultimate folly.

An honor to fight: 95-year-old WWII veteran reflects decades after war


1970 – A combined Air Force and Army team of 40 Americans–led by Army Colonel "Bull" Simons–conducts a raid on the Son Tay prison camp, 23 miles west of Hanoi, in an attempt to free between 70 and 100 Americans suspected of being held there. Planning for the mission–code-named Operation Ivory Coast–began in June 1970. The plan called for Army Rangers to be flown to Son Tay by helicopter and crash-land inside the compound. The plan was for Rangers to pour out of the helicopter and neutralize any opposition while Rangers in other helicopters, landing outside the walls, would break in and complete the rescue operation. At 11:30 p.m. on November 20, the raiding force departed Takhli Royal Thai Air Force Base in Thailand. As the force approached the camp, U.S. Air Force and Navy warplanes struck North Vietnamese troop installations and antiaircraft sites in the area. Part of the force initially landed at the wrong compound, but otherwise the mission came off without a hitch. Unfortunately, the Rangers could not locate any prisoners in the huts. After a sharp firefight with the North Vietnamese troops in the area, the order was given to withdraw–27 minutes after the raid began, the force was in the air headed back to Thailand. The raid was accomplished in a superb manner and all Americans returned safely, but it was learned later that the prisoners had been moved elsewhere in July. Despite that disappointment, the raid was a tactical success and sent a message to the North Vietnamese that the United States was capable of inserting a combat force undetected only miles from their capital. Stunned by the raid, high Hanoi officials ordered all U.S. POWs moved to several central prison complexes. This was actually a welcome change-the move afforded the prisoners more contact with each other and boosted their morale.


Thanks to Micro


We're old enough to remember multiple scientific claims over the decades that turned out not to be true. That's especially true of medical science. Accordingly, I think the paper presented and reported on by the Wall Street Journal, which discourages stents and CABG surgery, is the epitome of irresponsibility. Such studies almost always have an agenda, and it's not until they are corroborated over many years that they become valuable enough to believe. They may or may not, at this stage, point toward an eventual solution, but they are absolutely not to be believed and acted on at this early stage.

I got a CABGx4 20 years ago. The "widow maker" (the LAD) was 60% blocked in two spots and the RAD was 100% blocked. I started taking statins about 7-8 years prior. About 7 years before that, following a comprehensive lipids check at my wife's insistence by a private cardiologist, I was pronounced to have the "lowest risk of any patient" he had ever seen.

So, most likely genetically, my blood chemistry suddenly started changing. Had I not been going for annual physicals (actually I missed the first three years after retiring from the Navy, and the first one I had in three years showed a total cholesterol of 303), I might never have survived, frankly.

In my case, any tests prior to about age 45-48 would not have shown any reason for concern, so childhood lipid treatment would not have made any sense (by the way, to this day, I continue to have high "good" cholesterol, HDL, which I understand "ameliorates" the impact of the bad cholesterol, LDL). No tests showed any blockage concerns, even after taking statins (which dramatically dropped my cholesterol from 303 on two tests, two months apart—done before resorting to medication to ensure the original test result wasn't a fluke—to 180), until I had symptoms while exercising.

A stent was not possible on the blocked artery; therefore, I opted for the full Monte. Since I was only 56 at the time of the surgery, my recovery was rapid, and I was back at work in less than 30 days, feeling 20 years younger. Literally.

Just last year I asked for an echo cardiogram to look at blood flow in my heart, and it was outstanding. The vein bypasses are probably clogged, since they last only about ten years, but the human heart is a miracle at attempting to heal itself. It builds its own bypasses with peripheral circulation. So, today I'm exceedingly healthy, as far as we can tell. My most recent Lipid Panel showed a total Cholesterol of 172 (standard range is 130-200), with an HDL of 72 (30-70), a Cholesterol/HDL ratio of 2.4 (0.0-3.9), LDL (Calculated) of 92 (0-124), VLDL of 8 (0-29), and Triglycerides of 42 (30-149).

I feel absolutely certain that, having never had a heart attack or even chest pain (my symptoms were a "funny feeling" in my chest that ceased when I stopped exertion), that I would not be alive today without having had bypass surgery.

I choose to believe that another study will be released in the next year or two saying that this study was incomplete and inaccurate. After all, for someone in any condition similar to my own in those days, eliminating both stents and bypass surgery would leave them with no options other than to act like old men long before their time. And THAT, my friend, is a killer.



Thanks to Dr. Rich

The paper thin tech around a target to make it move or vanish. Harry Potter has one.

Practical invisibility ...


These are grate thanks to Barrel and Dutch



Thanks to Carl

RADM George Stephen Morrison - Wikipedia


Thanks to Dutch


Beautiful, well done tribute to our flag. Beyond well done…….this will grab your heart!!!

Sound up…….So many today do not see America for what it is. [1]


Thanks to Carl…..I have seen a couple of articles over the years and read about instances where there were stories about dogs that could do this even back a couple hundred years ago. Maybe when my dog starts sniffing around in a certain spot I should take heed.

Is a Sniff-Scan by a Trained Dog in Your Future?

Is a Full Body Sniff-Scan by a Trained Dog in Your Future?

by Dr. Karen Shaw Becker November 17, 2019

Sniffing Out Cancer 2017 Tease Video - (3:38)


Thank to John

Missing for 75 years, WWII submarine found after translation error discovered


Some news from around the world for 20 November thanks to Military Periscope

USA—Blue Origin Wins Protest Over Air Force Space Launch Competition Space News | 11/20/2019 The Government Accountability Office has issued a ruling in favor of Blue Origin in a protest filed over the Air Force's National Security Space Launch (NSSL) Phase 2 Launch Service Procurement Program, reports Space News. On Nov. 18, the GAO announced that it had sustained Blue Origin's protest that the program rules did not allow for a fair and open competition. Blue Origin had filed a pre-award protest in August alleging that elements of the request for proposal restricted competition, were ambiguous and inconsistent with commercial practice. The GAO sustained Blue Origin's complaint that the RfP contained vague requirements around determining best value to the government. It did not sustain the other elements of the protest, noted Breaking Defense. The watchdog recommended that the Air Force rewrite the RfP language concerning best value to the government. GAO's full decision has not been released because it potentially contains proprietary information. The agency has asked the firms to identify their proprietary information to enable the release of the decision. The NSSL program still faces a lawsuit filed by SpaceX in May and a fight in Congress over the number of launches guaranteed to the winners of the competition.

USA—Expeditionary Sea Base Miguel Keith Delivered To Navy Navy Newsstand | 11/20/2019 The U.S. Navy has taken delivery of its third Montford Point-class expeditionary sea base, reports the U.S. Navy NewsStand. General Dynamics NASSCO handed over the Miguel Keith (ESB-5) to the Navy on Nov. 15. The delivery was delayed around six months after the dry dock where the ship was under construction flooded in July 2018, noted USNI News. The Miguel Keith will be owned and operated by Military Sealift Command. NASSCO is currently under contract to build ESB-6 and ESB-7 at its San Diego, Calif., shipyard. The Navy has an option to order an eighth ship.

Turkey—S-400 Air Defense Systems Won't Be Integrated With NATO Systems Tass | 11/20/2019 Turkey says that it will use its newly-acquired Russian air defense systems independently from networks connected to NATO systems, reports the Tass news agency (Moscow). On Tuesday, a presidential spokesman said that the S-400 (NATO: SA-21) would be operated separately from other air defense networks. The decision to purchase the system would not be reversed, he said. Despite the threat of U.S. sanctions and its removal from the F-35 fighter jet program, Turkey plans to activate the system in April, reported Defense News. Deliveries of the system began in July. A second batch was scheduled to arrive next year but the delivery appears to have been delayed due to Turkish demands for technology transfer and co-production work. A U.S. diplomat told the newspaper that the issue will continue to be negotiated by both sides. Ankara has rejected proposals that the system remain unpacked and unused. The U.S. has expressed concerned that the Russian air defense system could reveal secrets of the F-35 fighter jet to Moscow.

China—Beijing Warns Japan, S. Korea Against Hosting IRBMs Asahi Shimbun | 11/20/2019 The Chinese government has warned Japan and South Korea against accepting the deployment of U.S. ground-launched intermediate-range missiles, reports the Asahi Shimbun (Japan). Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi issued the warning in August during separate bilateral meetings with his counterparts from South Korea, Japan and the U.S., sources said. Wang reportedly warned both countries that hosting American intermediate-range missiles would have a severe effect on bilateral relations with China. The recent collapse of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty between the U.S. and Russia that limited the range of U.S. ground-launched missiles triggered Beijing's concerns. The U.S. is now free to develop ground-launched weapons that could target key locations in China from Japan and South Korea. Chinese officials again expressed concern about a possible deployment of U.S. missiles to the region in October. A Japanese Foreign Ministry source told the paper that no decision had been made about any possible deployment of U.S. missiles, noting that it would probably take around five years before any missiles would be ready for fielding. The U.S. could still push for an accelerated decision, sources said. High-level meetings are scheduled with Japan and South Korea in December to discuss deterrence issues.

Taiwan—AIDC Seeks To Set Up Maintenance Center For F-16 Fighters South China Morning Post | 11/20/2019 The Taiwanese Aerospace Industrial Development Corp. (AIDC) wants U.S. approval to establish the first maintenance center in the region for the latest F-16V fighter jet, reports the South China Morning Post. On Wednesday, AIDC officials said the firm has been in talks with Lockheed Martin to establish a center to maintain the latest configuration of the F-16 in Taiwan. Washington must approve any such project. The two firms have been working together to upgrade Taiwan's 144 F-16A/B Block 20 fighters to the F-16V configuration. Taiwan is also trying to buy another 66 new-build F-16Vs, which would increase its fleet to 200 aircraft, necessitating a domestic maintenance center, said an unnamed source. The center could also service aircraft from other countries.

South Korea—Too Soon To Abandon Mandatory Military Service, Says Moon Korea Herald | 11/20/2019 President Moon Jae In says South Korea remains a long way from being in a position to give up conscription, reports the Korea Herald. On Tuesday, Moon said that he supported the transition to an all-volunteer military but maintained that the services were not ready to enact such a change. The move away from conscription is a medium- to long-term goal, he said, as reported by the Hankyoreh newspaper (Seoul). Measures must be implemented to increase the size of the professional force and advanced equipment with reduced personnel requirements must be fielded before conscription can be eliminated, the president said. South Korea requires male citizens between the ages of 18 and 28 perform compulsory service.

Thailand—Officials Deny Reports That Purchase Of 2nd Sub Being Reconsidered Bangkok Post | 11/20/2019 Thai government officials have confirmed that Bangkok still intends to buy three submarines from China, reports the Bangkok Post. On Monday, Deputy Prime Minister Prawit Wongsuwon said that the plan to purchase the subs remained on track. Prawit made his comments after reporters asked about a report that the navy was considering postponing the sub purchase in favor of less expensive frigates. The previous military government in October 2016 approved plans to purchase three Yuan-class submarines from China for US$1.2 billion. The submarines were to be funded over the course of 11 years. The navy is waiting for the next US$400 million in funds to be approved in the fiscal 2020 budget. The first sub was funded in 2017.

Afghanistan—2 U.S. Troops Die In Helicopter Crash NATO's Resolute Support Mission | 11/20/2019 Two U.S. servicemembers have been killed in a helicopter crash in Afghanistan, reports NATO's Resolute Support mission. The aircraft went down on Wednesday. Further information, including the type of helicopter involved, was not made public. Preliminary reports did not indicate that the helicopter was shot down, the mission said. The statement contradicted assertions by the Taliban that it had shot down a U.S. CH-47 Chinook in the Chark district of the eastern Logar province, reported Tolo News (Kabul). No Afghan personnel were hurt in the accident, a spokesman told Reuters.

Iran—More Than 100 Dead In Crackdown On Protests Amnesty International | 11/20/2019 At least 106 demonstrators have been killed in a government crackdown on protests in Iran, reports Amnesty International. On Tuesday, the watchdog group said that the incidents documented in 21 cities constituted a "harrowing pattern of unlawful killings." The report was based on video footage, eyewitness testimony and information from human-rights activists outside of Iran. Video footage showed security forces using firearms, water cannons and tear gas to disperse protesters and beating demonstrators with batons. Amnesty warned that the actual death toll may be much higher, with some reports suggesting up to 200 people had been killed. More than 1,000 protestors have been arrested. Many of the confirmed fatalities have been concentrated in the cities of Bandar-e Mahshahr, Behbahan, Javanroud, Kermanshah and Mariwan in western Iran. The human-rights organization slammed Iranian authorities for demonizing the protesters and giving security forces a green light to crush the demonstrations. At least five security personnel have also been killed, reported Al Jazeera (Qatar). Demonstrations erupted in Iran on Nov. 15 following a decision to reduce generous subsidies on fuel and ration monthly purchases for individuals.

Iraq—1st Phase Of T-90S Tank Deliveries From Russia Complete Tass | 11/20/2019 Russian officials say the initial stage of deliveries of T-90S main battle tanks to Iraq has concluded, reports Russia's Tass news agency. The Federal Service for Military and Technical Cooperation made the announcement on Monday at the Dubai Airshow. The two sides are now negotiating the second phase of deliveries, officials said. Iraq began receiving the first of 36 T-90S tanks from Russia in February 2018, Iraqi military officials said at the time. The T-90S is the export variant of the T-90 tank in service with the Russian military.

Syria—U.S. Withdrawal Permits ISIS To Rebuild, Says Pentagon Watchdog Politico | 11/20/2019 President Trump's decision to pull American troops from Syria and a subsequent Turkish military operation has allowed ISIS to strengthen its hold in the country, according to a new Pentagon report cited by Politico. In the quarterly report released on Tuesday, the Defense Dept. inspector general wrote that the terrorist group has exploited the situation to strengthen its capabilities and improve its ability to plan attacks abroad, reconstitute resources and carry out attacks, citing an assessment by the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA). Without a sustained counterterrorism effort, ISIS will likely be able to freely build clandestine networks and free militants previously held by Kurdish fighters. In the long-run, ISIS can be expected to seek to gain control of population centers and expand its global operations, wrote the inspector general. The DIA assessment also noted that the recent death of ISIS chief Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi would likely have minimal effect on the group's ability to rebuild. On Oct. 9, the Turkish military launched a military operation against the mostly Kurdish forces whose support was crucial in the fight against ISIS in eastern Syria. Trump is believed to have given his support for the operation in a phone call to Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan three days earlier. The president was later forced to modify his withdrawal plan, leaving about 600 troops in Syria to conduct training and protect oil fields, reported USA Today.

Israel—Jets Hit Nearly 2 Dozen Targets In Syria Jerusalem Post | 11/20/2019 Israel has launched another round of strikes in Syria in response to a missile attack on Tuesday morning, reports the Jerusalem Post. Early Wednesday morning, Israeli aircraft attacked targets belonging to the Iranian Quds Force and Syrian forces in Damascus, west of the capital and in the part of the Golan Heights administered by Syria, said an Israeli military spokesman. Twenty sites were hit, including air defense systems, reconnaissance sites and the National Defense Building, where the Quds Force is believed to operate. They did not target S-300 air defense batteries in the area, noted BBC News. The U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that 11 people, seven of them non-Syrians, were killed in the strikes. Two civilians were killed, according to the state-run Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA). State media claimed that most of the Israeli missiles were intercepted. A senior Israeli defense official said the strikes were part of a new strategy in which all attacks will be met by a strong response.

United Arab Emirates—Plans Made For 2 more GlobalEye Early Warning Aircraft Saab | 11/20/2019 The United Arab Emirates has revealed plans to purchase two more GlobalEye airborne early warning & control (AEW&C) aircraft from Saab, reports the Swedish defense firm. On Tuesday, Saab announced the potential US$1 billion order at the Dubai airshow. A period of final negotiations will now begin. Saab officials said they expected the deal to be completed shortly. The U.A.E. has already ordered three GlobalEyes, signing a contract for the first two aircraft in 2015 and the third in 2017. Saab unveiled a production GlobalEye for the first time at the Dubai Airshow on Monday, reported Defense News. The aircraft on display is the third production aircraft. The GlobalEye consists of a modified Bombardier Global 6000 commercial business jet fitted with a Saab Erieye S-band radar above the fuselage and a Leonardo Seaspray 7500E radar under the nose.

Libya—At Least 7 Dead In Airstrike On Tripoli Factory Xinhua | 11/20/2019 At least seven people have been killed in an airstrike that hit a factory in Tripoli, reports Xinhua, China's state-run news agency. The strike on Monday hit a biscuit factory in the southern Wadi al-Rabie area, reported Agence France-Presse. The U.N. envoy to Libya, Ghassan Salame, told the Security Council that at least 10 workers were killed and 35 injured, reported Reuters. Many of the casualties were foreign workers, including individuals from Bangladesh, Egypt and Niger. The U.N.-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) alleged that the strike had been carried out by an uncrewed aerial vehicle deployed by the United Arab Emirates in support of Gen. Khalifa Haftar's forces. Early Tuesday, hours after the strike, Haftar's forces conducted airstrikes against the port city of Misrata, which it said targeted armored vehicles delivered from Turkey and a munitions depot. The Turkish Foreign Ministry said that it had no information on any deliveries.

Senegal—Navy Orders OPVs From French Shipbuilder Piriou Naval Services | 11/20/2019 Senegal has finalized a contract with French shipbuilder Piriou for three OPV 58S-class offshore patrol vessels, reports Piriou. On Nov. 17, Senegalese President Macky Sall signed the contract for the vessels along with French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe. The contract is scheduled to enter force in early 2020, with the program expected to run for 44 months. The OPV 58S-class ships will be equipped with a 360-degree panoramic bridge, facilities to launch and recover to boats and accommodate 48 people, including a crew of 24. Armament is expected to include a SIMBAD-RC air defense system with two Mistral 3 missiles and a 76-mm cannon. Two 20-mm Narwhal cannons may also be fitted, reported Defence Web (South Africa). Senegal has been investing in its navy in recent years to improve its ability to conduct fisheries inspection, counter drug-trafficking and anti-piracy missions.

Bolivia—5 Killed As Security Forces Disperse Sit-In New York Times | 11/20/2019 At least five people have been killed after Bolivian security forces dispersed a sit-in at a fuel plant near La Paz, reports the New York Times. On Tuesday, police and military personnel used helicopters and armored vehicles to disperse demonstrators at the Senkata gas plant in the city of El Alto, reported Reuters. Protesters at the site had cut the flow of gas to the capital for more than a week. The demonstrators supported former President Evo Morales, who resigned on Nov. 10 under pressure from protests and the military. Residents blamed interim President Jeanine Anez for the killings, after she approved a decree last week protecting security forces from prosecution while maintaining public order. Opposition groups and observers allege that an Oct. 20 election that brought Morales another term was marred by vote rigging and other irregularities. At least 27 people have been killed in clashes so far. On Tuesday, members of Morales' Movement for Socialism (MAS), which controls the legislature, said it would cancel a vote rejecting the resignation in a bid to foster an environment more conducive to peace and dialogue.

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