Friday, November 22, 2019

The List 5148



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The List 5148 TGB
To All,

I hope that your week has started well.

Regards,

Skip

This Day in Naval History

Nov. 19

1813—Capt. David Porter, commander of the man-of-war Essex, claims the Marquesas Islands for the U.S. In the following weeks, he establishes a base to overhaul Essex and builds a fort.

1943—USS Nautilus (SS 168) enters Tarawa lagoon for the first submarine photograph reconnaissance mission. It is later damaged by friendly fire from USS Santa Fe (CL 60) and USS Ringgold (DD 500) off Tarawa because due to the mission, Nautilus presence was unknown to the vessels.

1943—USS Sculpin (SS 191) is damaged by the Japanese and abandoned by her crew. Forty-one Sailors are taken as POWs, 21 of whom are taken on Japanese carrier Chuyo that is later sunk by USS Sailfish (SS 192).

1944—USS Conklin (DE 439) and USS McCoy Reynolds (DE 440) sink the Japanese submarine I-37 100 miles west of Palaus.

1969—Navy astronauts Cmdr. Charles Conrad, Jr. and Cmdr. Alan L. Bean become the third and fourth men to walk on the moon as part of the Apollo 12 mission.



Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:

• Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development and Acquisition James Geurts discussed how the uncertainty brought by a continuing resolution impacts the Navy, reports Seapower Magazine.

• USNI News reports that the Navy is evaluating ways to improve the Joint Professional Military Education program.

• USS Harry S. Truman returned to sea on Monday following an electrical problem that delayed its deployment, reports the Virginian-Pilot.

• Multiple outlets report families and Sailors filed a lawsuit against the Japanese-owned ACX Crystal, which collided with USS Fitzgerald in 2017.





Today in History



November 19


1620


The Pilgrims sight Cape Cod.


1828


In Vienna, Composer Franz Schubert dies of syphilis at age 31.


1861


Julia Ward Howe writes "The Battle Hymn of the Republic" while visiting Union troops near Washington.


1863


Lincoln delivers the "Gettysburg Address" at the dedication of the National Cemetery at the site of the Battle of Gettysburg.


1885


Bulgarians, led by Stefan Stambolov, repulse a larger Serbian invasion force at Slivinitza.


1873


James Reed and two accomplices rob the Watt Grayson family of $30,000 in the Choctaw Nation.


1897


The Great "City Fire" in London.


1905


100 people drown in the English Channel as the steamer Hilda sinks.


1911


New York receives first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy.


1915


The Allies ask China to join the entente against the Central Powers.


1923


The Oklahoma State Senate ousts Governor Walton for anti-Ku Klux Klan measures.


1926


Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Politburo in the Soviet Union.


1942


Soviet forces take the offensive at Stalingrad.


1949


Prince Ranier III is crowned 30th Monarch of Monaco.


1952


Scandinavian Airlines opens a commercial route from Canada to Europe.


1969


Apollo 12 touches down on the moon.


1973


New York stock market takes sharpest drop in 19 years.


1976


Patty Hearst is released from prison on $1.5 million bail.


1981


U.S. Steel agrees to pay $6.3 million for Marathon Oil.


1985


US President Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, meet for the first time.


1985


In the largest civil verdict in US history, Pennzoil wins $10.53 billion judgement against Texaco.


1990


Pop duo Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award after it is learned they did not sing on their award-winning Girl You Know Its True album.


1996


Canada's Lt. Gen. Maurice Baril arrives in Africa to lead a multinational force policing Zaire.


1998


US House of Representatives begins impeachment hearings against President Bill Clinton.


2010


New Zealand suffers its worst mining disaster since 1914 when the first of four explosions occurs at the Pike River Mine; 29 people are killed.




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1863


Lincoln delivers Gettysburg Address



On November 19, 1863, at the dedication of a military cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, during the American Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln delivers one of the most memorable speeches in American history. In just 272 words, Lincoln brilliantly and movingly reminded a war-weary public why the Union had to fight, and win, the Civil War.

The Battle of Gettysburg, fought some four months earlier, was the single bloodiest battle of the Civil War. Over the course of three days, more than 45,000 men were killed, injured, captured or went missing. The battle also proved to be the turning point of the war: General Robert E. Lee’s defeat and retreat from Gettysburg marked the last Confederate invasion of Northern territory and the beginning of the Southern army’s ultimate decline.

Charged by Pennsylvania’s governor, Andrew Curtin, to care for the Gettysburg dead, an attorney named David Wills bought 17 acres of pasture to turn into a cemetery for the more than 7,500 who fell in battle. Wills invited Edward Everett, one of the most famous orators of the day, to deliver a speech at the cemetery’s dedication. Almost as an afterthought, Wills also sent a letter to Lincoln—just two weeks before the ceremony—requesting “a few appropriate remarks” to consecrate the grounds.

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At the dedication, the crowd listened for two hours to Everett before Lincoln spoke. Lincoln’s address lasted just two or three minutes. The speech reflected his redefined belief that the Civil War was not just a fight to save the Union, but a struggle for freedom and equality for all, an idea Lincoln had not championed in the years leading up to the war. This was his stirring conclusion: “The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.”

Reception of Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address was initially mixed, divided strictly along partisan lines. Nevertheless, the “little speech,” as he later called it, is thought by many today to be the most eloquent articulation of the democratic vision ever written.



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This Day in Aviation History” brought to you by the Daedalians Airpower Blog Update. To subscribe to this weekly email, go to https://daedalians.org/airpower-blog/





Nov. 17, 1934

More than 50,000 spectators were at Selfridge Field, Michigan, to see Capt. Fred C. Nelson, U.S. Army Air Corps, win the Mitchell Trophy Race. Captain Nelson flew his Boeing P-26A over an 89-mile course at an average speed of 216.832 miles per hour. Colonel Nelson, Daedalian Founder Member #4569, served in World War I, World War II and the Korean War. He was awarded the Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Air Medal. He retired from the Air Force on Sept. 3, 1951, after 34 years of service, and died April 11, 1991, at the age of 97 years. He is buried at Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery, San Diego, California.



Nov. 18, 1930

Boeing’s prototype XP-9, marked A 028-386, was first flown at Dayton, Ohio. It had impressive stats on the specification sheet, but it quickly became apparent that its large (6-foot chord) wing, which was placed atop the fuselage directly in front of the pilot, obstructed downward visibility so badly that simple landing maneuvers were hazardous. Test pilots at the Army Test Center at Wright Field found that the XP-9's inherent instability was so severe that immediate modifications were requested to increase the size of the vertical tail. An enlarged vertical tail surface with smooth metal skinning was introduced, but failed to effect any significant improvement, and this revised XP-9 was grounded for instructional airframe use in August 1931, after only 15 hours of test flying.



Nov. 19, 2007

Air Mobility Command passed a major milestone when one of its aircraft flew the command’s one millionth sortie since 9/11. A C-17 Globemaster mission from McChord AFB, Washington, to Manas AB, Kyrgyzstan, made the landmark flight.



Nov. 20, 1953

American test pilot Scott Crossfield became the first man to exceed Mach 2 in a Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket. Crossfield, who was inducted in the National Aviation Hall of Fame in 1983, was the first of 12 pilots who flew the North American X-15. He served in the Navy as a flight instructor and fighter pilot during World War II. Crossfield was made a Daedalian Honorary Member in 1993. He passed away on April 19, 2006.



Nov. 21, 1970

A special Air Force and Army task force of volunteers try to rescue U.S. servicemen from the Son Tay POW camp 20 miles west of Hanoi, but the prisoners had been moved months earlier.



Nov. 22, 1961

In recognition of the 50th anniversary of Naval Aviation, a number of speed and altitude record attempts were planned, using the U.S. Navy’s new McDonnell YF4H-1 Phantom II fighter. On the morning of Nov. 22, 1961, Marine Corps Lt. Col. Robert Bradford Robinson Jr. took off from Edwards AFB, California, on Operation Skyburner, an attempt to set a new World Absolute Speed Record. He was flying the second Phantom II built, Bu. No. 142260. Fédération Aéronautique Internationale rules require that a speed record must be made with two passes in opposite directions. The average speed of the 2 runs is the record speed. On the first run, the Phantom was flying so fast that it covered another 105 miles before it could turn around. During the turn, it was still traveling at 0.9 Mach. On the second run, the fighter was even lighter and its recorded speed was more than 1,700 miles per hour. The average of the two runs was calculated at 1,606.509 miles per hour. This was the new FAI Absolute World Speed Record. For his accomplishment, Colonel Robinson was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross by Secretary of the Navy John B. Connally.



Nov. 23, 1947

The XC-99, world's largest piston-engine land plane to date, makes its first flight at San Diego, California.





X-37B Space Plane Returns as USAF Collects Data for Possible Replacement

10/25/2019

—RACHEL S. COHEN, JENNIFER HLAD, AND JOHN A. TIRPAK













​The Air Force's X-37B Orbital Test Vehicle mission 4 lands at NASA 's Kennedy Space Center Shuttle Landing Facility, Fla., May 7, 2017. USAF photo.

Editor's note: This story was updated Oct. 27 at 10 p.m. EDT.

The Air Force’s secretive X-37B space plane landed at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center Shuttle Landing Facility in Florida on Oct. 27, after spending a record-breaking 780 days on orbit.

The Orbital Test Vehicle, a reusable and unmanned spacecraft, was completing its fifth mission.

“Each successive mission advances our nation’s space capabilities,” Air Force Secretary Barbara Barrett said in an Oct. 27 press release.

Mission four lasted 718 days in space, though the spacecraft was designed to last only 270 days aloft. A sixth mission will launch in 2020.

The X-37B performed experiments to lower the risk for potentially very expensive space technologies, helping the Air Force prepare for possibly costly next steps or how it should operate in space in the future, Air Force Rapid Capabilities Office Director Randall Walden said Oct. 24.

While he would not provide details of those experiments, Air Force officials have said they relate to spacecraft materials, power generation techniques, and sensors.

In a press release after the landing, Walden said the space plane completed all its mission objectives, successfully hosted Air Force Research Laboratory experiments, and provided a ride for small satellites.

The X-37 also is informing whether the Air Force will need a new vehicle to replace it, Walden said.

“The data are still out” on whether USAF needs more X-37s to replace its two aircraft as they age, or whether the service is planning a follow-on program, he said.

The two vehicles in hand are “workhorses” that are faring well with their experimentation and prototyping missions, he said. He hinted that the X-37 is also helping answer the question of how the US could venture into reusable space assets, as it is exploring in the National Security Space Launch program for reusable rockets that can take military and civilian space assets to orbit.

In July, then-Air Force Secretary Heather Wilson revealed more details about the OTV, saying it "can do an orbit that looks like an egg and, when it's close to the Earth, it's close enough to the atmosphere to turn where it is." Military.com first reported on her remarks.

"Our adversaries don't know—and that happens on the far side of the Earth from our adversaries—where it's going to come up next. And we know that that drives them nuts. And I'm really glad about that," Wilson said.

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Thanks to Dutch and Dr. Rich



Known for awhile, but finally a good study to prove … Stents and CABG still life-saving w. folks in critical condition w. heart attacks, but millions will be spared unnecessary surgery if these guidelines followed … Serum lipids should be checked in childhood, and treated from then on … In the not too distant future we’ll have viruses ‘engineered’ to fix the genetic defect causing high cholesterol … and then no more heart attacks … Cancer not far behind … What are we going to do w. all these healthy people??



Stents, bypass and surgery offer only limited benefits for millions with heart disease, study finds ...

By Betsy McKay | The Wall Street Journal



PHILADELPHIA — Stents and coronary artery bypass surgery are no more effective than intensive drug treatment and better health habits in preventing millions of Americans from heart attacks and death, a large study found, shedding new light on a major controversy in cardiology.

Researchers and doctors have fiercely debated for years how best to treat people who have narrowed coronary arteries but aren’t suffering acute symptoms.

The standard treatment has been to implant stents—wire mesh tubes that open up clogged arteries—or to perform bypass surgery, redirecting blood around a blockage. Those procedures are performed even though these patients either have no symptoms or feel chest pain only when they climb a few flights of stairs or exert themselves in some other way.

The study is the largest and among the most rigorous research yet to suggest that while stents and bypass surgery can be lifesaving for people who are having heart attacks, they aren’t necessarily better than cholesterol-lowering drugs and other changes in health habits for most people with chronic, or stable, coronary artery disease, which affects about 9.4 million Americans.

“You won’t prolong life,” said Judith Hochman, chair of the study and senior associate dean for clinical sciences at the New York University Grossman School of Medicine.

But stents or bypass surgery work better than medicine and lifestyle changes alone in relieving symptoms for people who have frequent angina, or chest pain, the researchers found.

The findings, released Saturday at the American Heart Association’s annual scientific conference, should prompt more discussion between patients and their doctors about treatment, she said. “Statins and aspirin are critically important,” she said. “We need to understand better how to get people to modify their risk factors.” Lifestyle changes can be hard to make and sustain, she said.



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Thanks to Mud

A World War II Plane That Kept Crashing Helped Lead to Steve Jobs' Biggest Innovations

https://www.inc.com/minda-zetlin/steve-jobs-boeing-b-17-wwii-paul-fitts-alphonse-chapanis-code-shaping-ergonomics-design.html



The control that lowered the landing gear and the one that lowered the wing flaps looked identical. It was all too easy for a pilot, especially at night, to reach for the landing gear control and grab the wing flap one instead.



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Thanks to Barrett



Found this lengthy evaluation during today's comments on F-8 crashes. Somehow missed it before.



https://www.aerosociety.com/media/8037/an-examination-of-the-f-8-crusader-through-archival-sources.pdf



Barrett



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Thanks to Dutch



Want to get folks to stop smoking- show these lungs on national TV in prime time ads - Dutch



Transplant doctor rejects damaged donated lungs from chain-smoker



By Alexandria Hein | Fox News

Transplant doctor rejects damaged donated lungs from chain-smoker



Transplant doctor in China rejected donated lungs because they were damaged.

A doctor in China was forced to reject a pair of donated lungs that came from a deceased 52-year-old who had spent 30 years of his life chain-smoking. Dr. Chen Jingyu, of Wuxi People’s Hospital, said he realized he would not be able to give the lungs to a patient on the transplant list after seeing the obvious damage done to the organs due to decades of tobacco use.

The lungs were heavily damaged by years of tobacco use. (AsiaWire)

“Many smokers in this country have lungs which look like this,” Jingyu said, according to AsiaWire. “Our team decided to reject these lungs for transplant. If you’re a heavy smoker, your lungs may not be accepted even if you choose to donate them after death. Look at these lungs — do you still have the courage to smoke?”

CIGARETTE USE AMONG US ADULTS HITS RECORD LOW WHILE VAPING RATES RISE: CDC

Jingyu said the patient did not undergo a CT scan before death, and after he was declared brain dead his lungs were quickly donated.

“Initial oxygenation index tests were OK, but when we harvested the organs, we realized we wouldn’t be able to use them,” Jingyu told AsiaWire.

VAPING DEATH TOLL HITS 42, OVER 2,100 LUNG ILLNESSES REPORTED NATIONWIDE

Over 300 million people in China are smokers, which accounts for nearly one-third of the world’s total, according to the World Health Organization. Nearly 2.3 trillion cigarettes were consumed in China in 2009, which is more than the combined total smoked in the top-four tobacco consuming countries. The statistics also take a grave toll on the country, with WHO calculating that someone in China dies every 30 seconds because of tobacco use.

“We Chinese love smoking,” Jinguy said, according to AsiaWire. “It would be impractical to say that we wouldn’t accept the lungs of all smokers, but there are strict standards. These include lungs under 60 years of age in a patient who has only recently been declared medically dead; minor infections in the lungs and relatively clean chest X-rays are also acceptable. If the above conditions are met, we would consider transplanting the lungs.”



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Thanks to Boris

Rememberedsky: 1942- The Year of the Aircraft Carrier; Parts 19 and 20- Guadalcanal - Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands (5)

The story of the fourth and last carrier battle of 1942 - The Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands - is now on line in two parts

Given the recent release of the movie Midway, a comment on my view of that year has become:

It's hard to consider the Battle of Midway the turning point of the war when frankly, the Japanese Navy leadership weren't really that concerned, thinking they were still good to go and beginning future operations in the Southwest Pacific. But indeed, it was a "turning point" from the US perspective, allowing the U.S. a turn to the offense from defense after Pearl Harbor.

Midway thus enabled the Guadalcanal Campaign begun on Aug 7 1942.

As close a thing as it was, the Guadalcanal Campaign is the true turning point of the war in the Pacific with loss of flight leaders and no process to get experienced pilots back as trainers. IMHO

Aviation (and Nimitz, King and Roosevelt plus the whole country) owe a huge debt to three blackshoe admirals whose prudence allowed us to hold the line in 42. Maybe the fact that Fletcher, Kincaid and Spruance weren't hard charging "go kill something" fighter pilots and thus cautious of being in a field not their own was more what was needed than a Halsey at the time. And in my opinion, while Halsey had been operating carriers, I'm not convinced any of the Johnny Come Lately aviators brought anything more significant to the process than the blackshoes just because they could take-off and land. The aviator CV captains on the other hand gained the experience to lead in 44-45.

Midway established Naval Aviation in a "made man" context - all days come from one day



The battle of the Santa Cruz Islands was the fourth and last carrier battle of 1942.The next would not be until June 1944 in the Battle of the Philippine Sea. By many metrics this was a Japanese victory. The US had the USS Hornet sunk and Enterprise damaged to the extent that there were no US carriers left in the Guadalcanal campaign. Yet the IJN for all intents and purposes withdrew from carrier activity. In one sense they won tactically but did not leverage their advantage.
But on a different level they suffered unrecoverable damage - the loss of a significant portion of their very experienced squadron and section flight leads. While a tactical win, a Pyrrhic victory - lack of leadership would manifest itself in the Jun 1944 "Great Mariana's Turkey Shoot."

1942- The Year of the Aircraft Carrier; Part 19 – Guadalcanal – Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands

http://rememberedsky.com/?p=2296

On the morning of 26 October, during the attack on the Enterprise, Task Force 61 Commander Admial Thomas Kinkaid remarked with pardonable hyperbole to AP correspondent Eugene Burns: “You’re seeing the greatest carrier duel of history. Perhaps it will never happen again.”



1942- The Year of the Aircraft Carrier; Part 20 – Guadalcanal – Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands: Discussion

http://rememberedsky.com/?p=3767

Who won? As the two navies carrier battle groups retreated from the fourth and last carrier battle of 1942, the Japanese by multiple metrics could be judged to have won the day. Both sides were damaged greatly in similar manner, but for the Japanese, in a singular way that would be unrecoverable and thereby fatal when next Japanese and American carriers dueled – their experienced squadron and section leadership was decimated.



Thanks for considering

Ed Boris Beakley


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