Thursday, September 26, 2019

TheList 5104

The List 5104 TGB

To All,

A bit of history and some tidbits.



Today in Naval History

September 25

1863 Commodore Henry H. Bell reports to Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles from New Orleans about the yellow fever outbreak onboard steamers coming into port.

1925 USS S-51 sinks after being rammed by SS City of Rome off Block Island, R.I., killing 33 of her crew.

1943 USS Skill (AM 115) is sunk by German submarine (U 593) in Gulf of Salerno. Only 32 of her men survive from the 103 officers and men on board.

1944 USS Searaven (SS 196) is attacked by a Japanese small craft off southwest tip of Etorofu, Kurils. USS Barbel (SS 316) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship, Bushu Maru, off Togara Gunto. Additionally, USS Guardfish (SS 217) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship, No.2, Miyakawa Maru, in the Yellow Sea off Chinnampo. Also, on this day,USS Thresher (SS 200) sinks Japanese merchant cargo ship, Nissei Maru, in the Yellow Sea.

1952 USS Taylor (DD 468) is fired on by a shore battery in the vicinity of Wonsan, Korea. Counter-battery fire by USS Taylor silences the enemy guns.

1957 In project Stratoscope, Office of Naval Research obtains sharp photographs of sun's corona from first balloon-borne telescope camera.

1982 USS Houston (SSN 713) is commissioned at Naval Station Norfolk. For two months in 1989, the boat participated in the filming of The Hunt for Red October off the coasts of Washington and California.

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

• Speaker Pelosi announced on Tuesday that the House would begin a formal impeachment inquiry against President Trump, multiple outlets are reporting.

• reports that Naval Aviation met former Defense Secretary Jim Mattis's 80% mission-capable rate goal.

• Multiple outlets report the Navy is grappling with three recent suicides on USS G.H.W. Bush among a service-wide increase in suicide rates.


Today in History September 25


The last great Christian crusade, led jointly by John the Fearless of Nevers and King Sigismund of Hungary, ends in disaster at the hands of Sultan Bayezid I's Ottoman army at Nicopolis.


In Sweden, King Sigismund is defeated at Stangebro by his uncle Charles.


British troops capture Ethan Allen, the hero of Ticonderoga, when he and a handful of Americans try to invade Canada.


Congress proposes 12 new amendments to the Constitution.


The 12th Amendment is ratified, changing the procedure of choosing the president and vice-president.


American General Zachary Taylor's forces capture Monterey, Mexico.


The first National Aeronautic Show opens at Madison Square Garden.


An allied offensive is launched in France against the German Army.


Brazil declares war on Austria.


German Chancellor Adolf Hitler meets with Italian Premier Benito Mussolini in Munich.


President Franklin Roosevelt urges negotiations between Hitler and Czech President Edvard Benes over the Sudetenland.


The War Labor Board orders equal pay for women in the United States.


The Red Army retakes Smolensk from the Germans who are retreating to the Dnieper River in the Soviet Union.


President Dwight Eisenhower and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev begin Camp David talks.


Scientists warn that continued use of aerosol sprays will cause ozone depletion, which will lead to an increased risk of skin cancer and global weather changes.


Sandra Day O'Connor, the first female Supreme Court Justice, is sworn in.


Maze Prison escape, County Antrim, Northern Ireland; 38 IRA prisoners escape in the largest prison breakout in British history; known among Irish republicans as the Great Escape.


NASA launches Mars Observer probe; it fails 11 months later.


Ireland's last Magdalene laundry closes; begun as asylums to rehabilitate "fallen women," they increasingly took on prison-like qualities.


China launches Shenzhou 7 spacecraft; crew performs China's first extra-vehicular activity (EVA).


US President Barack Obama, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, and French President Nicolas Sarkozy jointly accuse Iran of building a secret nuclear enrichment facility.



US President Barack Obama, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, and French President Nicolas Sarkozy jointly accuse Iran of building a secret nuclear enrichment facility.


This is why I have so much history in the list. We can learn from the mistakes of the past and we need to honor the people that made our country great. And finally he is correct 90percent of the people out there could not pass a history exam.

thanks to Lurch and Dutch

I wish my kids and grandkids had a Mr. Robertson as a history teacher.

Subject: Fwd: Confederate Monuments and the Destruction of a Nation's History

By James Longstreet --- [do you remember Gen. Longstreet?]

They tore another Confederate statue down. A mob of misinformed lawless miscreants in North Carolina, ignorant of history but allowed to alter history. Violating law and allowed to do so by gutless local authorities guarding not history or law but their positions and municipal pensions.

Where is the concern for facts or even the greater concern for a destruction of national identity conducted by the uneducable twenty-year-olds?

Enter an expert, a person not wet behind the ears with a sledge hammer, but rather an astute historian who possesses knowledge beyond any level which the mobsters could imagine.

Meet James "Bud " Robertson. If you have read Civil War history, you might have read one of his books. He has published forty. If you are a statue remover, you most assuredly have read none.

Mr. Robertson is professor emeritus Virginia Tech. He has studied the politics of the great war for nearly six decades. He assisted the Kennedy administration in the commemoration of the Civil War Centennial. He provides great wisdom regarding the importance of history to a nation's identity and insights into the Civil War. His one hour speech can be seen on his video. It is remarkable collection of observations, both past and present, regarding a nation's history and the peril that comes with its altering. He corrects the misconceptions that fuel much of this Confederate statue controversy.

His opening line is dramatic. "For the first time in my sixty year career I must say I take no pleasure in the talk I am about to give. Yet, it is time that the other side be heard in this monument fury…I will address the factors that lay behind the insanity under which we live in many sections. I understand and I respect those whose friendships I may damage here."

Here are some salient points from Mr. Robertson:

· Forgetting the War is impossible

· Slavery was the underlying issue but not the only factor. States rights and limitations on federal power were also in play.

· Probably 90% of our citizens could not pass a history exam. Cultural illiteracy is fast becoming a way of life in America.

· History is the greatest teacher you will ever have.

· Monuments compel us to look back, and learn from our history.

· Demagogic propaganda that purges fact and extols fantasy is destructive.

· Great men are being slandered by the noneducable.

Robertson points out that there are laws on the books to prevent monument removal by local authorities. The wisdom of these laws is to disallow the ideological fashions of the day, implemented by fleeting politicians, to erase a history revered by the previous generations who were witnesses and participants.

In 1906 a federal law was passed which state Confederate soldiers would be treated the same as any other American veteran.

The statues in Virginia memorialize those who defended their state. Section 2742 of the Virginia code, passed in February 1904 protected all monuments from removal: "It shall not be lawful for the authority of any county or any persons whatever to disturb or interfere with any monuments. (Prohibiting removal, damaging or defacing was included later.) It is still the law in 2018. In short, monuments may not be removed due to the whims of a local agency or "loud mouths" seeking notoriety. Authorities in Leesburg and Alexandria sought to take down monuments but such proposals were quickly shot down.

Robertson suggests individuals memorialized should be considered in the "context of their time", and that too many local politicians are to willing to bend to the politically correct trend of the moment.

"It is sad that so many of my Democrat friends who have respect for history are having to take the other side merely because if the Republicans are for it, they must oppose."

Politics must never supersede principle, says James Robertson.

We must not ignore the presence of a mob mentality that is long on noise and short on knowledge.

General John Kelly was castigated for commenting that the Civil War was caused by a "failure to compromise". Robertson notes that "failure to compromise" has been a staple of Civil War causes ever since the war ended. Noted historians including Columbia's Allan Nevins and Randall of the University of Chicago wrote extensively on just that point and thus General Kelly took the position of experts.

According to polls, at least 70% of the electorate do not want monuments removed. There are laws on the books to prohibit removals. Yet, laws are ignored, historical fact is ignored. Why are bona fide references to history and its analysis, widely held for decades such as General Kelly's comments, now castigated? Is this intentional ignorance or anarchical globalist machinations? Or both?

Robertson maintains eliminating the past has never been a successful means for healing.

Winston Churchill said, "The farther backwards you can look, the farther forward you can see." But "When the present argues with the past, you have likely lost the future."

Robertson notes "When we remove statues erected by previous generations we are destroying more than bronze and marble, we are tearing down our nation itself…all the things.. good and bad and inadequate that made it. Why should we want to learn from an imperfect past. We could learn from it and move to a more perfect future."

But there are those who wish to "tear down" and there are those who choose not to "learn". Their mission is to erase history, to eviscerate and carve out the foundations of a nation's heritage. What could be more distasteful to a globalist than that which is the foundation of a nation, that being a nation's history?

Robertson continued:

Only when Americans learn more of their history will they become more respectful of it.

Nothing is more critical to the future of liberty than the manner in which we educate our children.

We can not sit idly and watch these incendiaries run loose, for protection of heritage is patriotism.

Robertson closes with a call for more history, not less.

We need more memorials. We yearn for more reminders of how far we have come and the obstacles we have overcome and the long journey. Eliminating memorials will not change yesterday. Learning from them can change tomorrow.

And as Robert E. Lee stated, "It is the study of history that teaches us to hope."


Congressional Medal of Honor Citations for Actions Taken this Day

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Corps, 94th Aero Squadron, Air Service. Place and date: Near Billy, France, 25 September 1918. Entered service at: Columbus, Ohio. Born: 8 October 1890, Columbus, Ohio. G.O. No.: 2, W.D., 1931. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy near Billy, France, 25 September 1918. While on a voluntary patrol over the lines, 1st Lt. Rickenbacker attacked 7 enemy planes (5 type Fokker, protecting two type Halberstadt). Disregarding the odds against him, he dived on them and shot down one of the Fokkers out of control. He then attacked one of the Halberstadts and sent it down also.


Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 12 August 1924, Mobile, Ala. Accredited to: Alabama. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with the 2d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu Island, Palau Group, 25 September 1944. When a Japanese soldier emerged from a cave in a cliff directly below an observation post and suddenly hurled a grenade into the position from which 2 of our men were directing mortar fire against enemy emplacements, Pfc. New instantly perceived the dire peril to the other marines and, with utter disregard for his own safety, unhesitatingly flung himself upon the grenade and absorbed the full impact of the explosion, thus saving the lives of the 2 observers. Pfc. New's great personal valor and selfless conduct in the face of almost certain death reflect the highest credit upon himself and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.


This day in Military History

1493 – Christopher Columbus set sail from Cadiz, Spain, with a flotilla of 17 ships on his second voyage to the Western Hemisphere.
1513 – Vasco Nunez de Balboa, Spanish explorer, crossed the Isthmus of Panama and claimed the Pacific Ocean for Spain. He was named governor of Panama and the Pacific by King Ferdinand. In 2004 Hugh Thomas authored "Rivers of Gold: The Rise of the Spanish Empire from Columbus to Magellan."
1639 – The 1st printing press in America began operating.
1775 – British troops captured Ethan Allen, the hero of Ticonderoga, when he and a handful of Americans led an attack on Montreal, Canada. The Battle of Longue-Pointe was an attempt by Ethan Allen and a small force of American and Quebec militia to capture Montreal from British forces early in the American Revolutionary War. Allen, who had been instructed only to raise militia forces among the local inhabitants, had long had thoughts of taking the lightly defended city. When he reached the southern shore of the St. Lawrence River with about 110 men, he seized the opportunity to try. Major John Brown, who Allen claimed was supposed to provide additional forces, did not appear as they had planned, isolating Allen and his men on the north side of the river. British General Guy Carleton sent a force composed mostly of Quebec militia in response to news of Allen's crossing of the St. Lawrence. This force cut off Allen's escape route, and eventually surrounded and captured Allen and a number of his men. Carleton eventually abandoned Montreal, which fell without battle to Continental Army forces on November 13. Allen was sent first to England and then New York City as a prisoner, and was eventually exchanged in 1778.


Thanks to Mud

Who was Fred Noonan, Amelia Earhart's navigator?
What to know about Fred Noonan, the navigator who vanished alongside Amelia Earhart in 1937.


Thanks to Dutch

Coast Guard intercepts undersea vessel carrying $165M of cocaine

By Louis Casiano | Fox News

The U.S. Coast Guard said Tuesday that it had seized a 40-foot semi-submersible in the Eastern Pacific Ocean that was carrying 12,000 pounds of cocaine worth more than $165 million earlier this month.

The crew of the Florida-based cutter Valiant was directed to intercept the "narco sub" after it was detected and monitored by a patrol aircraft, the Coast Guard in a statement Tuesday.


Two small boats with boarding teams were launched from the Valiant to take down the sub in the early morning with assistance from Colombian naval assets. Four suspected drug smugglers were also apprehended.

The exact location of where the boat was intercepted was not revealed.

"There are no words to describe the feeling Valiant crew is experiencing right now," said Cmdr. Matthew Waldron, Valiant's Commanding Officer.

"In a 24-hour period, the crew both crossed the equator and intercepted a drug-laden self-propelled semi-submersible vessel," he added. "Each in and of themselves is momentous events in any cutterman's career. Taken together, however, it is truly remarkably unprecedented."

The Coast Guard offloaded more than 1,000 pounds of cocaine but left the rest due to concerns about the vessel's stability. More than 12,000 pounds of cocaine was recently seized by the Coast Guard in interdictions of suspected drug-smuggling vessels off the western coasts of Mexico, Central America and South America.


Thanks to Don

Confederate John Mosby

John Singleton Mosby went ten miles behind enemy lines to Fairfax Court House on the night of March 8-9, 1863 then at 2:00 am he knocked on the door of Brigadier General Edwin H. Stoughton's Headquaters, suprising the lieutenant who opened the door. Mosby went into the general's bedroom and saying to him " I am Mosby " and the general waking up saying " Did you capture Mosby ? " and Mosby saying " No, he has captured you ! " then he escorted the general out into the street. Mosby wrote in his report " The fruits of this expedition are one brigadier general, two captains and thirty men prisoners. We also brought off fifty-eight horses, most of them very fine. I had twenty-nine men with me sustained no loss, they all behaved admirably " ... When Lincoln heard about his loss in the raid, he said something to the effect that he regretted the loss of the horses, because he could make another general with the stroke of a pen, but horses cost money.


Hand Salute! - Dutch

World War II vet awarded Bronze Star for heroism

Pennsylvania man credited with knocking out five tanks in Germany


Clarence Smoyer received the surprise — and the award — of a lifetime Wednesday, when the Army bestowed on him the Bronze Star for his heroism as a tank gunner during World War II.

Flanked by a Sherman tank parked on the National Mall just behind the World War II Memorial, Mr. Smoyer and relatives of three of his late crew members received the medal during a special ceremony featuring dignitaries and more than 100 other veterans of the war.

An Army brass quintet performed, and dignitaries lauded the service of the 95-year-old native of Allentown, Pennsylvania, and others of his generation.

"I can't help but marvel at such men in their early 20s, who must've been terrified, but they didn't waver in their duty," said Sen. Pat Toomey, Pennsylvania Democrat. "They carried out their mission. It's amazing."

Adam Makos, author of "Spearhead," which documents the exploits of Army tank crews as the European conflict drew to a close, called Mr. Smoyer "the most lethal American tank gunner in World War II."

The former soldier recalled the men he served with — such as Pvt. Homer Davis, Pfc. John Deriggi and T/5 William McVey, who were awarded Bronze Stars posthumously during Wednesday's ceremony.

"I remember all the young boys who lost their lives in the war," Mr. Smoyer said after the ceremony. "So many men lost their lives. My cousin was killed over in France. Also, my brother-in-law was killed about the same time. They never had a chance to really live their lives. I always feel something for them."

In urban combat on March 6, 1945, in Cologne, Germany, Mr. Smoyer — as the gunner — knocked out a Nazi supertank beneath the Cologne Cathedral. The opening allowed American troops to overtake a key bridge over the Rhine River during the Allies' push toward Berlin. Mr. Smoyer is credited with destroying five German tanks during his service.

On Wednesday, he spoke about his general's orders upon arriving into Cologne in 1945.

"Gentlemen," he said his commanding officer told the troops, "let's knock the hell out of them."

Though known as "the hero of Cologne," Mr. Smoyer forfeited his eligibility for a medal of valor after being seen speaking with German children who asked for bubblegum.

Nearly 75 years later, the Army decided to excuse his violation of the non-fraternization policy and awarded him the Bronze Star. Mr. Smoyer wore the medal proudly Wednesday, pinned to his jacket.

The Bronze Star is awarded to U.S. troops who distinguish themselves by heroic or meritorious achievement or service.

According to military records at Fort Knox, nearly 400,000 Bronze Stars were awarded during World War II and more than 700,000 for the Vietnam War.


USA—Northrop Grumman Wins Deal To Supply Radars For Triton UAVs Dept. Of Defense | 09/25/2019 The Defense Logistics Agency Aviation, Philadelphia, Pa., has awarded a contract to Northrop Grumman for radars for Navy uncrewed aircraft, reports the Dept. of Defense. The six-year, $376 million contract covers AN/ZPY-3 Multifunction Active Sensor radars for installation on the Navy's MQ-4C Triton drones. Work under the contract is scheduled to be completed by Dec. 31, 2025. The AN/ZPY-3 is a two-dimensional, X-band radar that uses electronic scanning and mechanical rotation to provide persistent, 360-degree coverage in both open ocean and littoral environments, according to Northrop Grumman.

India—Militants Using Drones To Transport Weapons Into India India Today | 09/25/2019 Police in Punjab state in northern India have revealed that militants in Pakistan have been using drones to ferry weapons and supplies across the border into India, reports India Today. The operation was uncovered following the arrest of four Khalistan Zindabad Force terrorists on Sept. 22 in Tarn Taran in Punjab. During the arrest, police discovered a drone that the terrorists had in their possession and were attempting to burn. Five AK-47 rifles, pistols, satellite phones and hand grenades ferried to the terrorists via drone were also recovered, reported the Times of India. Khalistani terror groups in Pakistan sent the drones, which were of Chinese origin, on eight separate sorties between Sept. 6 and Sept. 16. A drone crashed in Tarn Taran on Sept. 16. The drones reportedly had a useful payload of 8.8 lb (4 kg) and were fitted with GPS guidance. The weapons were likely intended to support attacks in Punjab and disputed Kashmir, police said.

Iran—Rouhani Ready To Discuss Small Changes To Nuclear Deal If Sanctions Dropped Reuters | 09/25/2019 Iranian President Hassan Rouhani says he would be willing to consider changes to the 2015 nuclear deal if the U.S. drops its sanctions, reports Reuters. On Tuesday, Rouhani said that he would be open to "small changes, additions or amendments" to the multilateral agreement. Iran's proposed amendments are contingent upon the approval of the revised deal by the Iranian Parliament and the U.S. Congress as well as the lifting of U.S. sanctions, reported the state-run Press TV. Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif appeared to contradict the president's position, however, saying that Iran was not open to changes in the nuclear deal. Last week, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said that Iran was prepared to engage in multilateral negotiations if the U.S. returned to the deal and lifted sanctions. In July, Zarif had mentioned the possibility that Iran could immediately ratify the Additional Protocol that provides for more intrusive inspections if Washington ended its sanctions. President Donald Trump on Tuesday said he had no plans to lift the sanctions on Tehran.

Iraq—Parliament Passes Bill To Strengthen Domestic Arms Industry Rudaw | 09/25/2019 The Iraqi Parliament has passed legislation to establish an agency to oversee domestic arms manufacturing, reports Rudaw (Iraqi Kurdistan). The Military Industrial Authority is intended to promote domestic arms manufacturing to establish a basic level of self-sufficiency and preserve national security amid growing regional tensions. Plans also call for establishing "specialized factories" for the manufacturing of advanced military equipment and reducing Iraq's dependence on foreign weapons. The authority will include a Military Industrial Coordination Committee consisting of representatives from the Iraqi ministries of defense and interior, the Popular Mobilization Forces Commission and the national intelligence agencies. The committee's leadership authority will be tied to the commander of the military and the prime minister.

Turkey—Police Bus Bombed In Adana; No Fatalities

Anadolu News Agency | 09/25/2019

A police vehicle in the city of Adana in southern Turkey has been hit by an explosion, reports the Anadolu Agency (Ankara). A police officer and four civilians were wounded in the attack in the central Yuregir district of Adana, said Mahmut Demirtas, the city governor. None of those injured suffered serious injuries, reported Al Jazeera (Qatar). Images showed a badly damaged bus surrounded by debris and other damaged vehicles. The attackers use an "improvised explosive device or a different type of bomb," Demirtas said. No group has claimed responsibility for the attack. An investigation has been launched.

Iran—Rouhani Ready To Discuss Small Changes To Nuclear Deal If Sanctions Dropped Reuters | 09/25/2019 Iranian President Hassan Rouhani says he would be willing to consider changes to the 2015 nuclear deal if the U.S. drops its sanctions, reports Reuters. On Tuesday, Rouhani said that he would be open to "small changes, additions or amendments" to the multilateral agreement. Iran's proposed amendments are contingent upon the approval of the revised deal by the Iranian Parliament and the U.S. Congress as well as the lifting of U.S. sanctions, reported the state-run Press TV. Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif appeared to contradict the president's position, however, saying that Iran was not open to changes in the nuclear deal. Last week, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said that Iran was prepared to engage in multilateral negotiations if the U.S. returned to the deal and lifted sanctions. In July, Zarif had mentioned the possibility that Iran could immediately ratify the Additional Protocol that provides for more intrusive inspections if Washington ended its sanctions. President Donald Trump on Tuesday said he had no plans to lift the sanctions on Tehran.

Ghana—Security Forces Disrupt Plot Against Presidency Deutsche Welle | 09/25/2019 Ghanaian security forces say they have arrested three individuals on suspicion of plotting to destabilize the West African nation, reports Deutsche Welle. The suspects were arrested on Sept. 20, after having been monitored by the security agencies for the previous 15 months. One of the suspects was a doctor who used the hospital where he worked to store and manufacture weapons, while another was a local weapons manufacturer, according to a Ghanaian Ministry of Information statement. The three worked with military personnel to obtain weapons. Several soldiers and an officer were also arrested. Six pistols, three smoke grenades, 22 improvised explosive devices, two AK-47 magazines and a long knife were recovered, reported BBC News. The suspects had formed a group called "Take Action Ghana" in an effort to recruit young people to take part in their plot. The arrests disrupted an "elaborate plot" targeting the presidency with the goal of destabilizing Ghana, said Information Minister Kojo Oppong Nkrumah.

Nigeria—Boko Haram In Control Of Much Of N. Borno State, Says Lawmaker Daily Trust | 09/25/2019 Boko Haram now occupies eight of 10 local government areas (LGAs) in the northern part of Borno state, reports the Daily Trust (Abuja). Boko Haram has also seized control of nine or 10 of the 13 wards in the Gwoza district near the border with Cameroon, said Ahmadu Jaha, who represents the district. Similar problems also exist in the federal constituencies of Damboa and Chibok, he said. Jaha made his comments during a special session of the Nigerian House of Representatives during a debate on special funding for the security forces. The session is also taking up a bill for increased monitoring of non-governmental organizations after the army banned an NGO earlier this month for allegedly providing food and medicine to Boko Haram.

Algeria—Ex-Spy Chief, 3 Other Top Officials Jailed Reuters | 09/25/2019 Algeria has sentenced four senior members of the ruling elite to lengthy prison terms, reports Reuters. On Wednesday, former spy chief Mohamed Mediene; his replacement, Bachir Tartag; younger brother of ex-president Abdelaziz Bouteflika, Said Bouteflika; and the head of a pro-government political party, Louisa Hanoune, each received 15-year sentences for "conspiring against the army" and against "the authority of the state." An appeal may be filed within the next 10 days. The court also sentenced in-absentia former Defense Minister Khaled Nazzar and his son Lofti, who are believed to have fled to Spain. They were given 20-year sentences. The sentencing is part of an effort by the government and army to appease demonstrators calling for democratic reforms and a crackdown on corruption. Mediene was previously considered one of Algeria's most powerful power brokers. His arrest marks an unprecedented step by the army to remove members of the elite from power. Others arrested include two former prime ministers, 11 former ministers and several businessmen close to former President Bouteflika. The fall of Bouteflika in April and subsequent arrests have left the army as the country's main political force. Protesters continue to demand that all vestiges of the ruling elite be removed and that the military remove itself from politics prior to presidential elections. Lt. Gen. Ahmed Gaed Salah, the army chief, has been pushing for an end to the demonstrations and for new presidential elections to be held on Dec. 12.

Libya—U.S. Hits Islamic State Militants Near Murzuq Africa Command | 09/25/2019 The U.S. Africa Command says it has conducted an airstrike in coordination with the U.N.-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) in Libya against Islamic State (ISIS) militants in the southwestern part of the country. The airstrike on Tuesday targeted ISIS terrorists operating near the town of Murzuq, killing 11, the command said. No civilian casualties were reported. This is the second airstrike by the U.S. in Libya within the last week. The U.S. reportedly killed eight ISIS terrorists in a strike near Murzuq on Sept. 19, noted Bloomberg News.

Nigeria—Military To Require ID Cards In Northeast This Day | 09/25/2019 The Nigerian military has announced a new policy requiring residents of the northeastern states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe to carry identification at all times, reports This Day (Lagos). The military announced the move on Sunday, saying it had received credible intelligence that Boko Haram and Islamic State militants were hiding among the civilian population in the region, reported Reuters. The operation is also intended to make it harder for militants on the run after being ousted from their hideouts, said the military. Acceptable forms of identification include national identification cards, voter registration cards, driving licenses and passports, the military said. Those without ID will be subject to investigation and interrogation. On Monday, the army announced that it had arrested five militants during identity checks in the northeast, reported the Daily Trust (Abuja).

France—Airbus Continues To Advance A400M Tanker Capabilities Airbus | 09/25/2019 The A400M transport aircraft has successfully completed initial aerial refueling trials with a helicopter, reports Airbus, the manufacturer. An A400M completed 51 dry contacts with an H225M helicopter over four flights in daylight conditions over southern France, the company said in a Tuesday release. The flights were made at altitudes between 1,000 feet (305 m) and 10,000 feet (3,050 m) and at speeds as low as 105 knots (190 kph). The next phase of testing, slated to take place before the end of 2019, will cover wet contact operations, in which fuel is transferred. Certification of the helicopter-refueling capability is anticipated in 2021. During the tests, Airbus also conducted the first proximity trials between the A400 and the new H160M helicopter. France plans to replace its Gazelle, Alouette III, Dauphin and Panther helicopters with the H160M, as previously reported by Defense News.

Taiwan—AIDC Rolls Out Brave Eagle Jet Trainer Taipei Times | 09/25/2019 Taiwan has unveiled the first prototype of its new domestically produced advanced jet trainer, reports the Taipei Times. The Aerospace Industrial Development Corp. (AIDC) revealed the T-5 Yung Ying (Brave Eagle) on Tuesday during a ceremony attended by Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen. AIDC developed the trainer with the state-owned National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology (NCSIST) and the Taiwanese air force, reported Flight Global. The government awarded NCIST a US$2.2 billion development contract for the aircraft in February 2017. The prototype is the first of four intended for ground and flight testing. First flight is scheduled for June 2020, with series production to follow in November 2021. The air force expects to purchase 66 aircraft to replace its AIDC AT-3 advanced trainers and Northrop F-5E/F lead-in fighter trainers.

South Korea—Seoul Considers Inviting Kim To ASEAN Meeting Yonhap | 09/25/2019 The South Korean government is considering inviting North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un to a summit with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in Busan (Pusan) later this year, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). The South Korea-ASEAN talks are scheduled for Nov. 25-26. Kim could potentially attend as an observer, officials said. Such an invitation is dependent on progress in the denuclearization talks between Pyongyang and Washington, the National Intelligence Service (NIS) told lawmakers on Tuesday. Working-level denuclearization talks between the U.S. and the North are set to resume within two to three weeks, said the NIS.

Japan—Self-Defense Forces Failed To Track Latest N. Korean Missile Launches Kyodo News Agency | 09/25/2019 Japanese radars failed to track recent short-range missile launches by North Korea, reports the Kyodo news agency. The low altitude and erratic courses of the missiles allowed them to escape detection, said unnamed sources. Some of the missiles that the North has tested were capable of reaching Japan, raising concerns that it is developing the means to penetrate Japan's air and missile defense network. Several options are under consideration to strengthen Japan's defenses, including operating additional Aegis destroyers focused on low-altitude threats and strengthening radar functions, government sources said. If Japan is unable to detect such launches, it would be unlikely to intercept hostile missiles or provide warning in sufficient time to those on the ground. South Korea's decision to withdraw from the General Security of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA) with Japan, which enables intelligence-sharing between the countries, creates further concerns about Japan's ability monitor North Korean missile launches.

Indonesia—27 Die In Violence In W. Papua British Broadcasting Corp. | 09/25/2019 At least 27 people have died during protests in Indonesia's West Papua region, reports the BBC News. Many of the 23 killed in a riot on Monday in the regional capital of Wamena were trapped inside buildings that protesters set on fire. The death toll was expected to rise. The riots in Wamena, which involved hundreds of protesters, many of whom were high school students, were triggered by alleged racist comments by a teacher, said a spokesman for a West Papuan separatist group. Provincial police denied that account, saying the riot was the result of a fight between students from different schools. Four others were killed in the provincial capital of Jayapura, when a mob of students with machetes and rocks attacked a soldier and police officers. Papua has seen increased unrest since August when a group of Papuan students were detained by security forces in Surabaya during Indonesia's independence day for allegedly defacing an Indonesian flag. Papua has maintained a low-level separatist movement against the Indonesian government since the region was incorporated into the island nation following a controversial referendum in 1963.

Australia—Army Takes Delivery Of 1st Boxer Armored Vehicle Australian Dept. Of Defense | 09/25/2019 The Australian army has formally received its first of 211 Boxer combat reconnaissance vehicles, reports the Australian Dept. of Defense. The initial vehicle was unveiled on Tuesday during a ceremony at Enoggera Barracks in Brisbane, Queensland. The first 25 Boxers are being built in Germany, with the balance to be built in Australia under a technology transfer agreement. The Boxers are being equipped with the latest sensor and communication suites to keep them relevant for their planned 30-year service life, the department said.

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