Wednesday, September 18, 2019

TheList 5099


The List 5099 TGB

To All,

A bit of history and some tidbits.

Regards,
Skip


Today in Naval History

September 18

1860 The sloop of war, USS Levant, sails from Hawaii for Panama. She is never seen again. In June 1861 a mast and a part of a lower yardarm believed to be from USS Levant are found near Hilo. Spikes had been driven into the mast as if to a form a raft. Some rumors had her running aground on an uncharted reef off California; others had her defecting to the Confederacy.

1906 A Marine battalion from USS Dixie lands at Cienfuegos, Cuba to reinforce a party guarding American owned plantations, where tensions are still high from the stalled revolution attempt from Sept. 13.

1936 Squadron 40-T, based in the Mediterranean, is established to protect U.S. interests and evacuate U.S. citizens around the Iberian Peninsula throughout the Spanish Civil War.

1943 U.S. Navy aircraft perform aerial raids on the Tarawa Makin Islands, where the aerial photography taken proves to be fruitful for the oncoming invasion of the islands.

1947 Pursuant to provisions of the National Security Act of 1947 of the previous July 26, the Department of the Air Force is established.

1993 USS Gladiator (MCM 11) is commissioned at Naval Station Newport, R.I. The 11th Avenger-class mine countermeasures ship is the third U.S. ship named Gladiator.

1993 USS Vella Gulf (CG 72) is commissioned at her homeport of Naval Station Norfolk. The guided-missile cruiser is the 26th in the Ticonderoga-class and the second Navy ship to be named after the famed Battle of Vella Gulf from the Solomons campaign of World War II.

2004 USS Chung Hoon (DDG 93) is commissioned. USS Chung Hoon is named in honor of Rear Adm. Gordon Pai'ea Chung-Hoon, first Asian-American Naval Academy graduate and first Asian-American flag officer. During World War II, he was in command of USS Sigsbee (DD 502) when a kamikaze crashed into her in Apr. 1945.

2008 USNS Carl Brashear (T-AKE 7) is christened and launched at San Diego, Calif. The dry cargo ship provides ammunition, food, repair, parts, stores and small quantities of fuel for the U.S. Marine Corps. The ship is named for Master Chief Carl Brashear, the first African American Master Diver in the U.S. Navy and the first amputee to be recertified as a diver after amputation.

2017 Hurricane Maria makes landfall with the Caribbean island of Dominica. Joint Task Force-Leeward Islands (JTF-LI) was established to support relief efforts in St. Martin and Dominica as requested by the U.S. Agency for International Development's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA). JTF-LI with the USS Wasp (LHD 1) assisted with the evacuation of 2,073 American Citizens (AMCITs) from St. Martin and at least 178 AMCITs from Dominica. Additionally, the JTF-LI provided 83,020 gallons of potable water to St. Martin and assisted with distributing relief supplies to Dominica.



Thanks to CHINFO



Executive Summary:

Nothing received today



This day in Air Force History

Today, (September 18th 1947) America commemorates the anniversary of the Air Force. Born of the revolutionary ideas of visionaries, America's Air Force was forged in 20th century combat. The occasion allows us to reflect on where we have been in a century of powered flight and five decades of space flight.

America's airmen survey the planet from airborne, space-based and cyber sensors. These airmen can cover the globe, watching, deterring and defeating enemies with speed, precision and lethality. They are equally capable of delivering humanitarian and disaster relief within hours to anyone in the world.

For the 21st century, we are again revolutionizing our Air Force by incorporating the lessons learned in a century of aerial warfare and by modernizing our force.

The nation requires an interdependent team of soldiers, sailors, airmen and Marines who can defeat a broad range of threats. Your Air Force will continue to be a vital and decisive element of that team – flying, fighting and winning.



Today in History September 18



Today in History September 18




1758

James Abercromby is replaced as supreme commander of British forces after his defeat by French commander the Marquis of Montcalm at Fort Ticonderoga during the French and Indian War.


1759

Quebec surrenders to the British after a battle which sees the deaths of both James Wolfe and Louis Montcalm, the British and French commanders.


1793

George Washington lays the foundation stone for the U.S. Capitol.


1830

Tom Thumb, the first locomotive built in the United States, loses a nine-mile race in Maryland to a horse.


1850

Congress passes the second Fugitive Slave Bill into law (the first was enacted in 1793), requiring the return of escaped slaves to their owners.


1862

After waiting all day for a Union attack which never came at Antietam, Confederate General Robert E. Lee begins a retreat out of Maryland and back to Virginia.


1863

Union cavalry troops clash with a group of Confederates at Chickamauga Creek.


1874

The Nebraska Relief and Aid Society is formed to help farmers whose crops were destroyed by grasshoppers swarming throughout the American West.


1911

Russian Premier Pyotr Stolypin dies four days after being shot at the Kiev opera house by socialist lawyer Dimitri Bogroff.


1914

The Irish Home Rule Bill becomes law, but is delayed until after World War I.


1929

Charles Lindbergh takes off on a 10,000 mile air tour of South America.


1934

The League of Nations admits the Soviet Union.


1939

A German U-boat sinks the British aircraft carrier Courageous, killing 500 people.


1948

Margaret Chase Smith becomes the first woman elected to the Senate without completing another senator's term when she defeats Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten. Smith is also the only woman to be elected to and serve in both houses of Congress.


1960

Two thousand cheer Fidel Castro's arrival in New York for the United Nations session.


1961

UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold is killed in a plane crash while attempting to negotiate peace in the Congo.


1964

U.S. destroyers fire on hostile targets in Vietnam.


1973

East and West Germany and The Bahamas are admitted to United Nations.


1975

Patty Hearst, granddaughter of newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst, is kidnapped by violent radical group SLA (Symbionese Liberation Army); she will later take part in some of the group's militant activities and will be captured by FBI agents.


1977

Voyager I takes first photo of Earth and the Moon together.


1980

Cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo, a Cuban, becomes the first black to be sent on a mission in space.


1998

ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) is formed to coordinate unique identifying addresses for Websites worldwide.


2009

The US television soap opera The Guiding Light broadcasts its final episode, ending a 72-year run that began on radio.




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This Week in American Military History: From the Navy's first ace to a 'Barren Victory'

by W. Thomas Smith Jr.



Sept. 19, 1777: Battle of Freeman's Farm — first engagement in the Battle of Saratoga (during the American Revolution) — opens between Continental forces under the command of Gen. Horatio Gates and British forces under Gen. John "Gentleman Johnny" Burgoyne. Brits carry the day, but suffer heavy losses. Continentals will ultimately win Saratoga.



Sept. 20, 1797: The Continental Navy frigate Constitution is launched in Boston harbor.

Today USS Constitution – known affectionately as "Old Ironsides" -- is the "oldest ship in the American Navy," and continues serving in the 21st century as a duly commissioned ship crewed by active-duty U.S. sailors and Naval officers in order to further public awareness of American Naval tradition.



Sept. 20, 1863: Confederate forces under the command of Gen. Braxton Bragg (yes, Fort Bragg, N.C. is named in his honor) prevail against Union forces under Maj. Gen. William, though Bragg's casualties are far higher than those of Rosecrans.

Confederate Gen. D. H. Hill will say: "It seems to me that the elan of the Southern soldier was never seen after Chickamauga; the brilliant dash which had distinguished him was gone forever. He fought stoutly to the last, but after Chickamauga, with the sullenness of despair, and without the enthusiasm of hope. That 'barren victory' sealed the fate of the Southern Confederacy."



Sept. 23, 1779: The famous battle of the North Sea opens between Continental Navy frigate Bonhomme Richard under the command of Capt. John Paul Jones, and Royal Navy frigate HMS Serapis. During the height of the fighting, Serapis' Captain Richard Pearson issues an appeal to Jones that the American ship surrender. Jones refuses. According to the story, the British captain – aware that Bonhomme Richard is badly damaged and sinking – shouts across the water between the two dueling ships, inquiring as to whether or not Jones has lowered or struck his colors. Jones shouts back, "I have not yet begun to fight!" It has since been widely reported that Jones reply was, "I may sink, but I'll be damned if I strike!"

In fact, Bonhomme Richard does sink: But not before Pearson himself surrenders (believed to be "the first time in naval history that colors are surrendered to a sinking ship"), and Jones transfers his flag to his newly captured prize, Serapis. Bonhomme Richard (the first of five American warships named after Benjamin Franklin's pen name) is the former French frigate, Duc de Duras. Jones is destined to become "the Father of the American Navy," though – in some circles – it is argued that title belongs to Commodore John Barry.



Sept. 24, 1918: U.S. Navy Ensign (future rear admiral) David S. Ingalls – on loan to the Royal Air Force and flying an RAF Sopwith Camel – shoots down enemy aircraft number five, becoming the first ace in U.S. Naval Aviation history, and the Navy's only ace of World War I.



Sept. 24, 1960: Forty-two years to the day after Ensign Ingalls scores his fifth kill, Naval Aviation history is again made with the launching of America's first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, USS Enterprise (the eighth of eight so-named American Navy ships since 1775).



Sept. 25, 1957: U.S. Army paratroopers – members of the 101st Airborne Division – escort nine black students into Little Rock Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas, ending segregation there.



Sept. 26, 1918: Though technically launched at 11:30 p.m., Sept. 25, with an intense artillery barrage; the Meuse-Argonne Offensive – the six-week long "greatest battle of World War I in which the Americans participated" – officially begins just before dawn when whistles are blown along the American trench-lines, and with fixed-bayonets, American soldiers clamber over the top and begin their assault against the German lines. The battle, which begins with approximately 600,000 American soldiers and Marines, will see U.S. ranks swell to more one million men. An estimated 26,000-plus Americans will be killed, another 96,000 wounded. But the campaign will end the war. It will be during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive that Private First Class (future Sgt.) Alvin C. York, a Tennessee backwoodsman and former conscientious objector, will find himself in the action for which he will receive Medal of Honor.



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From the List archives. Worth the repeat

Thanks to Micro….Great article

THUDS

Skip:



I just got this link from a friend and recommend it to all: http://cademartin.com/overwar/



The page takes a while to load because it's all on one page. Very well done, indeed.



Micro



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The following are three Medal of Honor citations that describe actions taken on this day in History.



JACKSON, ARTHUR J.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division. Place and date: Island of Peleliu in the Palau group, 18 September 1944. Entered service at: Oregon. Born: 18 October 1924, Cleveland Ohio. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with the 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on the Island of Peleliu in the Palau group, 18 September 1944. Boldly taking the initiative when his platoon's left flank advance was held up by the fire of Japanese troops concealed in strongly fortified positions, Pfc. Jackson unhesitatingly proceeded forward of our lines and, courageously defying the heavy barrages, charged a large pillbox housing approximately 35 enemy soldiers. Pouring his automatic fire into the opening of the fixed installation to trap the occupying troops, he hurled white phosphorus grenades and explosive charges brought up by a fellow marine, demolishing the pillbox and killing all of the enemy. Advancing alone under the continuous fire from other hostile emplacements, he employed similar means to smash 2 smaller positions in the immediate vicinity. Determined to crush the entire pocket of resistance although harassed on all sides by the shattering blasts of Japanese weapons and covered only by small rifle parties, he stormed 1 gun position after another, dealing death and destruction to the savagely fighting enemy in his inexorable drive against the remaining defenses, and succeeded in wiping out a total of 12 pillboxes and 50 Japanese soldiers. Stouthearted and indomitable despite the terrific odds. Pfc. Jackson resolutely maintained control of the platoon's left flank movement throughout his valiant 1-man assault and, by his cool decision and relentless fighting spirit during a critical situation, contributed essentially to the complete annihilation of the enemy in the southern sector of the island. His gallant initiative and heroic conduct in the face of extreme peril reflect the highest credit upon Pfc. Jackson and the U.S. Naval Service.

JOHNSON, OSCAR G.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company B, 363d Infantry, 91st Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Scarperia, Italy, 16-18 September 1944. Entered service at: Foster City, Mich. Birth: Foster City, Mich. G.O. No.: 58, 19 July 1945. Citation: (then Pfc.) He practically single-handed protected the left flank of his company's position in the offensive to break the German's gothic line. Company B was the extreme left assault unit of the corps. The advance was stopped by heavy fire from Monticelli Ridge, and the company took cover behind an embankment. Sgt. Johnson, a mortar gunner, having expended his ammunition, assumed the duties of a rifleman. As leader of a squad of 7 men he was ordered to establish a combat post 50 yards to the left of the company to cover its exposed flank. Repeated enemy counterattacks, supported by artillery, mortar, and machinegun fire from the high ground to his front, had by the afternoon of 16 September killed or wounded all his men. Collecting weapons and ammunition from his fallen comrades, in the face of hostile fire, he held his exposed position and inflicted heavy casualties upon the enemy, who several times came close enough to throw hand grenades. On the night of 1617 September, the enemy launched his heaviest attack on Company B, putting his greatest pressure against the lone defender of the left flank. In spite of mortar fire which crashed about him and machinegun bullets which whipped the crest of his shallow trench, Sgt. Johnson stood erect and repulsed the attack with grenades and small arms fire. He remained awake and on the alert throughout the night, frustrating all attempts at infiltration. On 17 September, 25 German soldiers surrendered to him. Two men, sent to reinforce him that afternoon, were caught in a devastating mortar and artillery barrage. With no thought of his own safety, Sgt. Johnson rushed to the shell hole where they lay half buried and seriously wounded, covered their position by his fire, and assisted a Medical Corpsman in rendering aid. That night he secured their removal to the rear and remained on watch until his company was relieved. Five companies of a German paratroop regiment had been repeatedly committed to the attack on Company B without success. Twenty dead Germans were found in front of his position. By his heroic stand and utter disregard for personal safety, Sgt. Johnson was in a large measure responsible for defeating the enemy's attempts to turn the exposed left flank.

*MANN, JOE E.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company H, 502d Parachute Infantry, 101st Airborne Division. Place and date: Best, Holland, 18 September 1944. Entered service at: Seattle, Wash. Birth: Rearden, Wash. G.O. No.: 73, 30 August 1945. Citation: He distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry above and beyond the call of duty. On 18 September 1944, in the vicinity of Best., Holland, his platoon, attempting to seize the bridge across the Wilhelmina Canal, was surrounded and isolated by an enemy force greatly superior in personnel and firepower. Acting as lead scout, Pfc. Mann boldly crept to within rocket-launcher range of an enemy artillery position and, in the face of heavy enemy fire, destroyed an 88mm. gun and an ammunition dump. Completely disregarding the great danger involved, he remained in his exposed position, and, with his M-1 rifle, killed the enemy one by one until he was wounded 4 times. Taken to a covered position, he insisted on returning to a forward position to stand guard during the night. On the following morning the enemy launched a concerted attack and advanced to within a few yards of the position, throwing hand grenades as they approached. One of these landed within a few feet of Pfc. Mann. Unable to raise his arms, which were bandaged to his body, he yelled "grenade" and threw his body over the grenade, and as it exploded, died. His outstanding gallantry above and beyond the call of duty and his magnificent conduct were an everlasting inspiration to his comrades for whom he gave his life.



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Thanks to Dutch

Thanks to Harry …



If you don't know the story about "Wrong Way Corrigan" you're in for a treat … if you do, you'll be surprised how well he, and his Robin, are doing 50 years later!!



Troops:



An interesting look at things in 1988. My very good friend, Ed Clark, is seen here and eventually taking a flight in his de Havilland. along with the "Wrong Way" pilot. I worked with Ed for about 10 years in his shop in Hawthorn learning how to build Tiger Moths and other things. Time flies.

Harry

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y98tz1GiJVY



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(They always have to mix PC diversity BS into war fighting operations/capabilities! Will they lower standards to achieve it and allow Congressmen access to the training records to review/validate? Just like the Army did with their first female Ranger graduate—NOT!)



"As the new AFSOC commander, Slife said one of his main priorities is integrating women into the command"



AFSOC's 'Ultimate Battle Plane' Now Operating in Afghanistan



https://www.military.com/daily-news/2019/09/16/ghostrider-gunship-ultimate-battle-plane-afsoc-commander-says.html?ESRC=eb_190917.nl



16 Sep 2019

Military.com | By Richard Sisk
 
NATIONAL HARBOR, Maryland -- The new AC-130J Ghostrider gunship, described by Air Force Special Operations Command as "the ultimate battle plane," has been "performing magnificently" in its initial combat missions in Afghanistan, AFSOC commander Lt. Gen. Jim Slife said Monday.

The Ghostrider, with internal and external weapons systems including a 105mm artillery piece, is replacing the AC-130U version, which has provided close-air support for AFSOC "for many, many years," Slife said at the Air, Space and Cyber Conference in National Harbor, Maryland.

The AC-130Js have a similar fire support system to the AC-130Us, he said, but the Ghostriders boast higher altitude ceilings and longer endurance.

AFSOC started taking delivery of the Ghostrider in the spring. The aircraft began deploying to Afghanistan over the summer to replace AC-130Us on a "one-to-one basis," Slife said.

Related: Read all about the Air, Space and Cyber Conference

"It's higher mission-capable rates across the board" with the Ghostriders, he said. "It's been an improvement in our ability to provide close-air support to our ground teams."

In addition to the 105mm artillery piece, the Ghostrider has a 30mm GAU-23/A cannon and carries on its wing pylons GBU-39/B Small Diameter Bombs and AGM-114 Hellfire missiles.

Slife said AFSOC plans to put a laser weapon aboard the AC-130Js within five years.

"It's got an open architecture system inside the airplane that kind of allows the addition of sensors and weapons systems as they become available," he said. "And so we haven't seen any particular challenges with integrating" lasers on the Ghostrider.

There are "a number of technical integration challenges that we're working our way through," Slife added, but "so far we haven't seen anything to cause us to think we're outside that time frame" of developing a laser for the aircraft within five years.

"We're not experiencing any delays in the deliveries" of the Lockheed Martin AC-130Js, said Slife, who declined to say how many of the aircraft are in Afghanistan or where they're based.

He gave a different assessment of the status of the CV-22, AFSOC's version of the Marine Corps' MV-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft.

There are "readiness challenges" with the CV-22, said Slife, former director of operations for the 20th Special Operations Squadron and commander of the 1st Special Operations Wing, who took over at AFSOC in late June from Lt. Gen. Brad Webb.

He said the Osprey readiness challenges are "pretty common across the Air Force and the Marine Corps," and involve maintenance and the failure of components he did not identify.

"Our experience with the V-22 -- when it's deployed and when it's sustained by a responsive supply system, we generate a lot of flight hours," Slife said. "When the airplanes fly, they fly pretty well, but what we are seeing is some components that are failing at a higher rate than expected."

The components' failure rates "are driving additional maintenance workload and putting pressure on our supply system," he added.

Slife also said that the Air Force is still looking into the possibility of mounting a weapon on the CV-22 that could fire forward.

"Engineering work continues on that," he said of the long-sought weapon, either a machine gun or a cannon.

"It's just a matter of the trade-offs in terms of the space, weight, power and drag that an externally mounted weapon system would cause the airplane," Slife said, adding that the Air Force isn't ready to say "whether we're willing to do that or not."

"So we haven't made a final decision on fielding a forward-mounted weapon on the V-22, but there are a number of designs that are under consideration," he said.

As the new AFSOC commander, Slife said one of his main priorities is integrating women into the command, pointing to the example of 1st Lt. Chelsey Hibsch, a security forces officer assigned to the 821st Contingency Response Squadron at Travis Air Force Base, California.

Hibsch made history recently by becoming the Air Force's first female airman to graduate from the U.S. Army's Ranger School at Fort Benning, Georgia.

"That's the caliber of airman" AFSOC is seeking, Slife said, adding, "We're anxious to see our recruiting efforts bear fruit" to put women in the ranks of AFSOC.

Currently, there are no women in AFSOC. Last month, the first enlisted woman to attempt the Air Force's special operations weather career field -- now known as special reconnaissance (SR) -- was not selected to proceed further in her training, according to Air Education and Training Command.



Air Force Special Operations Command's first Block 30 AC-130J Ghostrider gunship arrives at Hurlburt Field, Florida, March 6, 2019. (U.S. Air Force photo/Joel Miller)



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Thanks to Mike

X-15 Followup Story

If you like the X-15, the link below is part of a series on it. The below story is taken from this page...



https://history.nasa.gov/hyperrev-x15/ch-6.html







As had happened in some other research aircraft programs, a fatal accident signaled the end of the X-15 program. On 15 November 1967 at 10:30 a.m., the X-15-3 dropped away from its B-52 mothership at 45,000 feet near Delamar Dry Lake. At the controls was veteran Air Force test pilot, Maj. Michael J. Adams. Starting his climb under full power, he was soon passing through 85,000 feet. Then an electrical disturbance distracted him and slightly degraded the control of the aircraft. Having adequate backup controls, Adams continued on. At 10:33 he reached a peak altitude of 266,000 feet. In the FRC flight control room, fellow pilot and mission controller Pete Knight monitored the mission with a team of engineers. Something was amiss. As the X-15 climbed, Adams started a planned wing-rocking maneuver so an on-board camera could scan the horizon. The wing rocking quickly became excessive, by a factor of two or three. When he concluded the wing-rocking portion of the climb, the X-15 began a slow, gradual drift in heading; 40 seconds later, when the craft reached its maximum altitude, it was off heading by 15°. As the plane came over the top, the drift briefly halted, with the plane yawed 15° to the right. Then the drift began again; within 30 seconds, the plane was descending at right angles to the flight path. At 230,000 feet, encountering rapidly increasing dynamic pressures, the X-15 entered a Mach 5 spin. 18

In the flight control room there was no way to monitor heading, so nobody suspected the true situation that Adams now faced. The controllers did not know that the plane was yawing, eventually turning completely around. In fact, control advised the pilot that he was "a little bit high," but in "real good shape." Just 15 seconds later, Adams radioed that the plane "seems squirrelly." At 10:34 came a shattering call: "I'm in a spin, Pete." A mission monitor called out that Adams had, indeed, lost control of the plane. A NASA test pilot said quietly, "That boy's in trouble." Plagued by lack of heading information, the control room staff saw only large and very slow pitching and rolling motions. One reaction was "disbelief; the feeling that possibly he was overstating the case." But Adams again called out, "I'm in a spin." As best they could, the ground controllers sought to get the X-15 straightened out. They knew they had only seconds left. There was no recommended spin recovery technique for the plane, and engineers knew nothing about the X-15's supersonic spin tendencies. The chase pilots, realizing that the X-15 would never make Rogers Lake, went into afterburner and raced for the emergency lakes, for Ballarat, for Cuddeback. Adams held the X-15's controls against the spin, using both the aerodynamic control surfaces and the reaction controls. Through some combination of pilot technique and basic aerodynamic stability, the plane recovered from the spin at 118,000 feet and went into a Mach 4.7 dive, inverted, at a dive angle between 40 and 45 degrees. 19

Adams was in a relatively high altitude dive and had a good chance of rolling upright, pulling out, and setting up a landing. But now came a technical problem that spelled the end. The Honeywell adaptive flight control system began a limit-cycle oscillation just as the plane came out of the spin, preventing the system's gain changer from reducing pitch as dynamic pressure increased. The X-15 began a rapid pitching motion of increasing severity. All the while, the plane shot downward at 160,000 feet per minute, dynamic pressure increasing intolerably. High over the desert, it passed abeam of Cuddeback Lake, over the Searles Valley, over the Pinnacles, arrowing on toward Johannesburg. As the X-15 neared 65,000 feet, it was speeding downward at Mach 3.93 and experiencing over 15 g vertically, both positive and negative, and 8 g laterally. It broke up into many pieces amid loud sonic rumblings, striking northeast of Johannesburg. Two hunters heard the noise and saw the forward fuselage, the largest section, tumbling over a hill. On the ground, NASA control lost all telemetry at the moment of breakup, but still called to Adams. A chase pilot spotted dust on Cuddeback, but it was not the X-15. Then an Air Force pilot, who had been up on a delayed chase mission and had tagged along on the X-15 flight to see if he could fill in for an errant chase plane, spotted the main wreckage northwest of Cuddeback. Mike Adams was dead, the X-15 destroyed. NASA and the Air Force convened an accident board. 20



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Daily news for the Military Periscope for 18 September

USA—Raytheon Unveils Peregrine Air-To-Air Missile Raytheon | 09/18/2019 Raytheon has revealed its newest air-to-air missile. The Peregrine medium-range air-to-air missile is designed to be about half the size of legacy missiles, while providing greater range and effect, the company said in a Monday release. The new weapon weighs about 150 pounds (68 kg) and is about 6 feet (1.8 m) long, reported Air Force Technology. Its smaller size enables aircraft to carry more missiles at one time, said the firm. The weapon combines the range of the AIM-120 Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM), with the maneuverability of the AIM-9X Sidewinder, Mark Noyes, Raytheon's business development executive, told Flight Global. For maneuverability, the Peregrine uses thrust-vectoring technology similar to that on the AIM-9X. It is an autonomous weapon equipped with a tri-mode seeker, Noyes said. The missile has not been developed for any specific requirement or program, but could be fielded quickly, the company said.



USA—Pentagon Nixes Additional Barrier Construction On Southern Border Over Lack Of Funding Politico | 09/18/2019 The Pentagon has postponed three projects to build barriers on the Mexican border due to a lack of funding, reports Politico. In a court filing on Monday, the Defense Dept. opted to cancel the projects due to insufficient contract savings. The programs covered 20 miles of 30-foot fencing, lighting and other infrastructure along the border in Arizona and California, reported CNN. In August, Defense Secretary Mark Esper approved the construction of additional barriers using about $2.5 billion from a counter-drug fund to pay for the project. That decision was based on "lower-than-expected contract costs," but Monday's filing revealed that the there was not sufficient funding to cover the construction.



USA—Air Force Eyes Rapid Production Approach To New Fighter Requirements Defense News | 09/18/2019 The Air Force is considering a new acquisition strategy that could dramatically accelerate the Next-Generation Air Dominance (NGAD) fighter jet program, reports Defense News. Air Force acquisition chief Will Roper told the newspaper that the service will roll out a new office for the NGAD on Oct. 1. The new strategy calls for the production of small batches of fighters with multiple companies competing for each contract. Each round would seek to maximize existing technology and could focus on different components, such as sensors or laser weapons. Batches of at least 72 aircraft would be required for operational purposes. As production began, a new competition would be launched for a new aircraft that would further advance fighter technology. The result would be a related family of fighter jets with complementary abilities, with the rolling schedule forcing industry to constantly adapt to a changing environment, said Roper. Three technologies would be needed, said Roper: Agile software, in which programmers quickly write, test and amend coding; open architecture supporting interoperable hardware; and digital engineering, which could allow manufacturers to more efficiently design, produce and sustain a fleet of aircraft across its lifecycle. Experts from industry and Air Force analysts suggest that a new fighter could be designed, developed and produced in five years or less, said Roper.



United Kingdom—Secretary Apologizes For 'Inadvertent' Exports To Saudi Army British Broadcasting Corp. | 09/18/2019 British International Trade Secretary Liz Truss has apologized to a court for two inadvertent shipments of dual-use technologies to Saudi Arabia, reports BBC News. On Monday, Truss apologized for approving licenses to export 435,000 pounds (US$540,000) of spare wireless communications parts as well as air coolers for the Renault Sherpa light vehicle to the Saudi army. Truss said the approval was unintentional and was not intended to break a pledge made by ministers in June. Of the 260 radio spares approved for export, about 180 had been shipped, she said. In June, then-International Trade Secretary Liam Fox promised to stop issuing licenses for military equipment to Saudi Arabia that could be used in the conflict in Yemen.



Spain—Trainer Goes Down In Murcia Killing 2 The Leader | 09/18/2019 A Spanish air force training aircraft has crashed while taking off from the General Air Academy in Santiago de la Ribera in Spain's southeastern Murcia region, reports the Leader (Spain). The T-35C Pillan basic trainer went down shortly after taking off, an air force spokesman told Reuters. Witnesses said the aircraft crashed directly into the sea without attempting any maneuvers. An instructor pilot and a student were killed in the crash. This is the second fatal crash to hit the General Air Academy in the last month. On Aug. 26, a C-101 went down in the same area, killing the pilot.



Russia—4 Border Guards Injured In Clash With N. Korean Poachers Tass | 09/18/2019 Russian border guards have detained two North Korean schooners, 11 motor boats and at least 161 crewmembers for suspected poaching in Russia's exclusive economic zone in the Sea of Japan, reports the Tass news agency (Moscow). On Tuesday, members of the border service approached the fishing vessels near the Yamato Bank in the Sea of Japan, the agency said. The crew of one of the boats attacked border officers who were inspecting the vessel, injuring four, Several foreigners were also injured in the clash, said the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB). The boats were escorted to the Russian port Nakhodka. The Russian Foreign Ministry summoned the North Korean charge d'affaires following the incident and publicly asked the North Korean government to prevent such incidents in the future.



China—New Drones Spotted As Beijing Gears Up For Military Parade South China Morning Post | 09/18/2019 Two previously unseen uncrewed aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been observed during rehearsals for an upcoming military parade in China, reports the South China Morning Post. Images from rehearsals for the Oct. 1 event shared on social media showed the DR-8 supersonic reconnaissance drone, also known as the Wuzhen 8, and the Sharp Sword stealth attack drone being transported to take part in the display. The DR-8 closely resembles Lockheed Martin's D-21, which flew reconnaissance missions over China before it was retired in 1971. Several of the drones crashed in Chinese territory during operations. The reconnaissance drone, which has a top speed of Mach 3.3, entered service several years ago, said a Beijing-based analyst. The Sharp Sword is an attack drone that can carry several missiles or laser-guided bombs. A reconnaissance version of the air vehicle is expected deploy aboard China's Type 001A aircraft carrier to gather intelligence for anti-ship missile systems. The indigenously-developed drone resembles the U.S. Navy's MQ-25 Stingray but lacks the capacity for in-flight refueling, limiting its range and attack potential, said an unnamed military source.



Japan—Abe Says ASDF Could Take On Additional Space Responsibilities Kyodo News Agency | 09/18/2019 Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has indicated that the Air Self-Defense Force (ASDF) could take on a greater space focus in the future, reports the Kyodo news agency (Tokyo). On Tuesday, Abe told about 180 senior officers that a combined air and space force would take another step in April 2020 when a space operations unit is activated within the ASDF. An August budget request included about US$480 million for the new unit, which would initially have about 70 personnel. The unit will start by monitoring radio interference, space debris and foreign satellites. Abe also called on Japan to strengthen its cyber defense capabilities.



South Korea—Defense Ministry Says No Evidence Of Offensive Weapons On N. Korean Border Island Yonhap | 09/18/2019 South Korean defense officials have denied reports that offensive weapons have been deployed on a North Korean island near the maritime border in the Yellow Sea, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). No attack weapons exist on Hambak Island, a senior official said on Wednesday. North Korea maintains observation facilities on the island, which is monitored by Seoul, said the official. Deployments of offensive weapons would represent a violation of the inter-Korean military pact signed in September 2018. The island is located on the de facto maritime border, about 12 miles (20 km) away from South Korea's Ganghwa Island. Hambak Island became the subject of controversy after some South Korean government maps indicated that the island was South Korean. Seoul affirmed Pyongyang's sovereignty over Hambak earlier this month.



Australia—Sydney Air Warfare Destroyer Begins Sea Trials Australian Defence Magazine | 09/18/2019 Australia has launched sea trials for its third and last Hobart-class air warfare destroyer, reports Australian Defence Magazine. The first phase of testing will evaluate the hull, propulsion and navigation systems of the Sydney. More advanced trials are slated for October to test combat and communication systems. The Sydney is expected to be handed over to the Australian navy in the first quarter of 2020, with commissioning to follow soon after. The destroyer is being delivered ahead of schedule due to a decision to modify the storage of torpedoes and missiles for the ship's MH-60R maritime helicopter during construction.



Afghanistan—Suicide Bomber, Gunmen Hit Government ID Office In Jalalabad Agence France-Presse | 09/18/2019 At least 12 people have been injured in a complex attack on a government building in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad, reports Agence France-Presse. On Wednesday, a suicide bomber detonated an explosive device outside of an office responsible for distributing national electronic identification cards, which are needed to vote in the upcoming presidential elections, said a provincial spokesman cited by Reuters. After the blast, gunmen entered the building and began shooting. Security forces were dispatched to the scene, setting off an hours-long gun battle. About 200 people were inside the building when it was attacked, said an employee. There were no immediate claims of responsibility. The Taliban and ISIS are active in the region. The Taliban has previously pledged to disrupt the presidential election.



Saudi Arabia—Riyadh To Join U.S.-Led Maritime Security Mission Saudi Press Agency | 09/18/2019 Saudi Arabia has decided to join a U.S-led maritime security mission in the Middle East, reports the official Saudi Press Agency. The Saudi Defense Ministry announced the move on Tuesday. The decision comes after recent attacks on key Saudi oil facilities. U.S. officials accused Iran of carrying out the drone and missile attack on Sept. 14, which was claimed by the Iran-supported Houthi rebels in Yemen. On Wednesday, three U.S. officials told Reuters that the attack was launched from southwestern Iran, near the Iraqi border, and was more complex than was previously thought. Saudi defense officials have said they will provide evidence of Iranian involvement during a press conference on Wednesday. Iran has denied any involvement in the attacks. The U.S. established the maritime security mission in June after Iran detained shipping vessels near the Strait of Hormuz. The mission also covers the Bab Al Mandab strait between Yemen and Djibouti, as well as the Sea of Oman and the Persian Gulf.



Syria—Baghdadi Issues New Message To Followers Voice Of America News | 09/18/2019 The Islamic State has released a new audio message that it says is from its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, reports the Voice of America News. On Monday, the terror group released the 30-minute recording via its Al Furqan media division. In the recording, the speaker says that ISIS has continued its war of attrition against the U.S. in the Middle East and Mali, according to the SITE media intelligence firm. He claims that the group launched three revenge campaigns totaling hundreds of attacks since late April, reported the Long War Journal, which monitors extremist activity. The speaker also encouraged supporters to free imprisoned members. Thousands of ISIS militants and family members are held in makeshift prisons by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) in Syria. U.S. intelligence analysts are working to verify the authenticity of the recording. If confirmed, this would represent the first recording from the terror leader since April.



Syria—Airstrikes Target Iran-Backed Fighters In East Asian News International | 09/18/2019 At least 10 people have been killed in airstrikes targeting Iran-backed fighters in eastern Syria, reports the Asian News International. Early Tuesday, the air attacks hit the positions of Iran-backed militias in Al-Bukamal, reported the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. A missile depot and at least two other positions were hit, killing at least 10 fighters, reported Xinhua, China's state-run news agency. The raid was carried out by an uncrewed aerial vehicle, reported Reuters. It was not immediately clear who was responsible for the strikes On Sept. 9, 18 members of Iran-backed forces were killed in the same area by strikes that were attributed to Israel.



Tunisia—Law Professor, Media Mogul Come Through 1st Round Of Presidential Vote Tunis Afrique Presse | 09/18/2019 Two outsiders have made it through the first round of presidential elections in Tunisia, reports the official Tunis Afrique Presse. Law professor Kais Saied and media mogul and philanthropist Nabil Karoui received 18.4 percent and 15.58 percent of votes, respectively, the High Independent Authority for the Elections said on Tuesday. Polls for the first round of the elections closed on Sunday, reported BBC News. Turnout reached a meager 45 percent. Saied is an independent candidate who is a legal scholar by training. Karoui heads his own party, Heart of Tunisia, and founded the Nessma television station. Karoui ran his campaign from jail after being arrested shortly before the election on charges of corruption and money laundering stemming from events three years ago, reported Radio France Internationale. Since neither candidate received more than 50 percent of the vote, they will face each other in a run-off election, likely in October, according to election officials.



Ivory Coast—Prosecutor Appeals Gbagbo's Acquittal By ICC Bloomberg News | 09/18/2019 The chief prosecutor at the International Criminal Court in The Hague has appealed the acquittal of former Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo and a political ally earlier this year, reports Bloomberg News. The court's decision in January to acquit Gbagbo and militant youth leader Charles Ble Goude was the result of legal and procedural errors, prosecutors said in a filing on Monday. Judges did not apply a clearly-defined standard of proof in their decision, said chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda, as reported by Agence France-Presse. Five appeals judges will now review the petition. Both men were charged with crimes against humanity for a conflict that began after Gbagbo refused to concede electoral defeat in 2010. About 3,000 people, mostly political opponents, were killed. Since February, Gbagbo has been living free on provisional release in Brussels.

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