Saturday, September 14, 2019

TheList 5093



The List 5093 TGB



To All,

A bit of history and a day to remember.

Regards,


Skip

This day in Naval History

Sept. 11

1814—During the Battle of Lake Champlain, Commodore Thomas Macdonough anchors his ships in a position that the British squadron attacks head on, using only a few guns at a time. The British squadron is defeated, ending the final invasion of the British in the northern states. USS Lake Champlain (CG 57), a guided missile cruiser, is named after the famous battle.

1942—Pharmacist's Mate First Class Wheeler B. Lipes performs an emergency appendectomy on Seaman 1st Class Darrell D. Rector on board USS Seadragon (SS 194) on patrol in the South China Sea.

1943—During the Salerno, Italy operations, USS Savannah (CL 42) is hit by a German guided bomb. The explosion kills nearly 200 of her crew, but she remains under her own power to return to the U.S. for repairs.

1944—USS Albacore (SS 218) torpedoes and sinks the Japanese auxiliary submarine chaser (Cha 165) off Kyushu, Japan, while USS Finback (SS 230) sinks Japanese army cargo ship, Hassho Maru, and merchant cargo ship, No. 2, Hakuun Maru, north of Chichi Jima. Also on this date, USS Pargo (SS 264) sinks Japanese auxiliary netlayer, Hinoki Maru, in Java Sea.

1982—USS Michigan (SSGN 727) is commissioned at Groton, CT. The second Ohio-class nuclear-powered guided missile submarine, it is the third Navy vessel to honor the State of Michigan.

2001—American Airlines Flight 77 is hijacked by terrorists and hits the Pentagon, causing 184 fatalities. Specific to DON, the fatalities are: 33 military personnel, six civilians, and three contractors. American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175 hit the Twin Towers at the World Trade Center, New York City. United Airlines Flight 93 goes down in Shanksville, PA, after passengers engage the hijackers.

2010—USNS Washington Chambers (T-AKE 11) is christened and launched and now operated by the Military Sealift Command. The dry cargo/ammunition ship provides ammunition, food, repair parts, stores and small quantities of fuel for the U.S. Marine Corps. The ship is named for Capt. Washington Chambers, a pioneer in US naval aviation.



Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

• USNI News reports that John Kroger has been selected to become the Navy's first Chief Learning Officer.

• Multiple outlets are reporting on the ouster John Bolton as President Trump's national security advisor.

• Reuters reports a Canadian warship sailed through the Taiwan Strait, and Associated Press reports China is softening South China Sea Code of Conduct negotiations with ASEAN according to Republic of Philippines Foreign Secretary Locsin.

• In a breakthrough in autonomous weaponry, the U.S. Navy successfully demonstrated a single-sortie mine hunting, reports Defense News.



Today in History



September 11


1297

Scots under William Wallace defeat the English at Stirling Bridge.


1695

Imperial troops under Eugene of Savoy defeat the Turks at the Battle of Zenta.


1709

John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, wins the bloodiest battle of the 18th century at great cost, against the French at Malplaquet.


1740

The first mention of an African American doctor or dentist in the colonies is made in the Pennsylvania Gazette.


1777

General George Washington and his troops are defeated by the British under General Sir William Howe at the Battle of Brandywine in Pennsylvania.


1786

The Convention of Annapolis opens with the aim of revising the Articles of Confederation.


1802

Piedmont, Italy, is annexed by France.


1814

U.S. forces led by Thomas Macdonough route the British fleet on Lake Champlain.


1847

Stephen Foster's "Oh! Susanna" is first performed in a saloon in Pittsburgh.


1850

Soprano opera singer Jenny Lind, the "Swedish Nightingale," makes her American debut at New York's Castle Garden Theater.


1864

A 10-day truce is declared between generals William Sherman and John Hood so civilians may leave Atlanta, Georgia.


1857

Indians incited by Mormon John D. Lee kill 120 California-bound settlers in the Mountain Meadows Massacre.


1904

The battleship Connecticut, launched in New York, introduces a new era in naval construction.


1916

The "Star Spangled Banner" is sung at the beginning of a baseball game for the first time in Cooperstown, New York.


1944

American troops enter Luxembourg.


1962

Thurgood Marshall is appointed a judge of the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals.


1965

The 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) arrives in South Vietnam and is stationed at An Khe.


1974

Haile Selassie I is deposed from the Ethiopian throne.


2001

In an unprecedented, highly coordinated attack, terrorists hijack four U.S. passenger airliners, flying two into the World Trade Center towers in New York and one into the Pentagon, killing thousands. The fourth airliner, headed toward Washington likely to strike the White House or Capitol, is crashed just over 100 miles away in Pennsylvania after passengers storm the cockpit and overtake the hijackers.


2005

Israel completes its unilateral disengagement of all Israeli civilians and military from the Gaza Strip.


2007

Russia detonates a nano-bomb; dubbed the "Father of All Bombs," it is the largest non-nuclear weapon developed to date.


2012

US consulate in Benghazi, Libya, is attacked and burned down; 4 Americans are killed including the US ambassador, J. Christopher Stevens.




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Attack on America

At 8:45 a.m. on a clear Tuesday morning, an American Airlines Boeing 767 loaded with 20,000 gallons of jet fuel crashes into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The impact left a gaping, burning hole near the 80th floor of the 110-story skyscraper, instantly killing hundreds of people and trapping hundreds more in higher floors. As the evacuation of the tower and its twin got underway, television cameras broadcasted live images of what initially appeared to be a freak accident. Then, 18 minutes after the first plane hit, a second Boeing 767–United Airlines Flight 175–appeared out of the sky, turned sharply toward the World Trade Center, and sliced into the south tower at about the 60th floor. The collision caused a massive explosion that showered burning debris over surrounding buildings and the streets below. America was under attack.

The attackers were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and several other Arab nations. Reportedly financed by Saudi fugitive Osama bin Laden's al Qaeda terrorist organization, they were allegedly acting in retaliation for America's support of Israel, its involvement in the Persian Gulf War, and its continued military presence in the Middle East. Some of the terrorists had lived in the United States for more than a year and had taken flying lessons at American commercial flight schools. Others had slipped into the U.S. in the months before September 11 and acted as the "muscle" in the operation. The 19 terrorists easily smuggled box-cutters and knives through security at three East Coast airports and boarded four flights bound for California, chosen because the planes were loaded with fuel for the long transcontinental journey. Soon after takeoff, the terrorists commandeered the four planes and took the controls, transforming the ordinary commuter jets into guided missiles.

As millions watched in horror the events unfolding in New York, American Airlines Flight 77 circled over downtown Washington and slammed into the west side of the Pentagon military headquarters at 9:45 a.m. Jet fuel from the Boeing 757 caused a devastating inferno that led to a structural collapse of a portion of the giant concrete building. All told, 125 military personnel and civilians were killed in the Pentagon along with all 64 people aboard the airliner.

Less than 15 minutes after the terrorists struck the nerve center of the U.S. military, the horror in New York took a catastrophic turn for the worse when the south tower of the World Trade Center collapsed in a massive cloud of dust and smoke. The structural steel of the skyscraper, built to withstand winds in excess of 200 mph and a large conventional fire, could not withstand the tremendous heat generated by the burning jet fuel. At 10:30 a.m., the other Trade Center tower collapsed. Close to 3,000 people died in the World Trade Center and its vicinity, including a staggering 343 firefighters and paramedics, 23 New York City police officers, and 37 Port Authority police officers who were struggling to complete an evacuation of the buildings and save the office workers trapped on higher floors. Only six people in the World Trade Center towers at the time of their collapse survived. Almost 10,000 other people were treated for injuries, many severe.

Meanwhile, a fourth California-bound plane–United Flight 93–was hijacked about 40 minutes after leaving Newark International Airport in New Jersey. Because the plane had been delayed in taking off, passengers on board learned of events in New York and Washington via cell phone and Airfone calls to the ground. Knowing that the aircraft was not returning to an airport as the hijackers claimed, a group of passengers and flight attendants planned an insurrection. One of the passengers, Thomas Burnett, Jr., told his wife over the phone that "I know we're all going to die. There's three of us who are going to do something about it. I love you, honey." Another passenger–Todd Beamer–was heard saying "Are you guys ready? Let's roll" over an open line. Sandy Bradshaw, a flight attendant, called her husband and explained that she had slipped into a galley and was filling pitchers with boiling water. Her last words to him were "Everyone's running to first class. I've got to go. Bye."

The passengers fought the four hijackers and are suspected to have attacked the cockpit with a fire extinguisher. The plane then flipped over and sped toward the ground at upwards of 500 miles per hour, crashing in a rural field in western Pennsylvania at 10:10 a.m. All 45 people aboard were killed. Its intended target is not known, but theories include the White House, the U.S. Capitol, the Camp David presidential retreat in Maryland, or one of several nuclear power plants along the eastern seaboard.

At 7 p.m., President George W. Bush, who had spent the day being shuttled around the country because of security concerns, returned to the White House. At 9 p.m., he delivered a televised address from the Oval Office, declaring "Terrorist attacks can shake the foundations of our biggest buildings, but they cannot touch the foundation of America. These acts shatter steel, but they cannot dent the steel of American resolve." In a reference to the eventual U.S. military response he declared: "We will make no distinction between the terrorists who committed these acts and those who harbor them."

Operation Enduring Freedom, the U.S.-led international effort to oust the Taliban regime in Afghanistan and destroy Osama bin Laden's terrorist network based there, began on October 7, 2001. Bin Laden was killed during a raid of his compound in Pakistan by U.S. forces on May 2, 2011.

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From Blood Stripes to Bloody Ridge

by W. Thomas Smith Jr.



This Week in American Military History:



Sept. 12, 1918: Battle of St. Mihiel (France) opens between Allied American-French forces (primarily U.S. Army and Marine forces under the overall command of U.S. Army Gen. John J. "Black Jack" Pershing) and Imperial German Army forces under Gen. Johannes Georg von der Marwitz.



In the afternoon, Lt. Col. (future four-star general) George S. Patton – destined to lead America's first tank attack against the enemy – and Brig.

Gen. (future five-star general) Douglas MacArthur will meet on the battlefield, and according to the U.S. Army Historical Foundation: "The lieutenant colonel [Patton] sported a Colt .45 pistol with an ivory grip and his engraved initials. A pipe was clenched in his teeth. The brigadier [MacArthur] wore a barracks cap and a muffler his mother knitted for him.

As they spoke to each other, a German artillery barrage opened up and began marching towards their position. Infantrymen scattered and dove for cover, but the two officers remained standing, coolly talking with each other."

U.S. Marine Gen. John A. Lejeune, will describe his personal experience of the battle: "In war, if a man is to keep his sanity, he must come to regard death as being just as normal as life and hold himself always in readiness, mentally and spiritually, to answer the call of the grim reaper whenever fate decrees that his hour has struck."



Sept. 12, 1942: Battle of Bloody Ridge opens on Guadalcanal (see next week).



Sept. 13, 1814: From the deck of a Royal Navy ship aboard which he has been detained, Washington, D.C. lawyer Francis Scott Key pens his now-famous poem, "The Star Spangled Banner," on an envelope as he witnesses the British night-bombardment of Fort McHenry, Baltimore during the War of 1812.



It will be more than a century before the U.S. Congress adopts "The Star Spangled Banner" as the official national anthem.



Sept. 13, 1847: U.S. Army and Marine forces (including lots of future Civil War generals like Robert E. Lee, James Longstreet, George Pickett, Pierre G.T. Beauregard, Thomas J. Jackson, Joseph E. Johnston, Ulysses S.

Grant, future Admiral Raphael Semmes, and I'm probably leaving out a few) participate in the storming of Chapultepec Castle during the Mexican War.



Chapultepec defends Mexico City, which will fall on the 14th.



For those of us fortunate enough since to claim the title, "Marine," the taking of Chapultepec and ultimately Mexico City will give us two things:



First: The first five words of our hymn: "From the halls of Montezuma, to the shores of Tripoli ..."



Second: The "blood" red stripe along the seams of our dress-blue uniform trousers (Marines don't wear pants).



The origin of the blood stripe is more tradition than absolute fact. But we Marines heartily claim it. According to tradition, the blood stripe represents the blood shed by Marines storming Chapultepec. And the reason only corporals and above are authorized to wear the stripe is because there was such a high percentage of NCOs and officers killed in the storming of the castle.



Sept. 13, 1942: Ninety-five years after defeating the Mexicans at Chapultepec, U.S. Marines beat back a series of wave attacks by Japanese soldiers on Guadalcanal that began on the night of Sept. 12 and will last until the morning of the 14th.



The fighting – since referred to as the Battle of Bloody Ridge (also Edson's Ridge or Raiders' Ridge) – is over which side will control the nearby airfield.



Japanese soldiers led by Samurai-sword wielding officers attack the ridge-defending leathernecks in suicidal waves screaming, "Banzai!" and "Marine, You Die!"



At one point during the fighting, the American line — under the command of Lt. Col. (future major general) Merritt "Red Mike" Edson — is nearly broken. But the Marines hold, and beat back the attacks with terrible losses to the enemy.



Edson will be awarded the Medal of Honor for his command of Bloody Ridge.

Maj. Kenneth Bailey, killed in the fighting, will also receive the Medal of Honor.



Sept. 14, 1966: Operation Attleboro begins as something of a "feet wet"

operation for a green American unit – the U.S. Army's 196th Light Infantry Brigade – but will evolve into a major combined-arms operation as U.S.

forces make contact with a battle-hardened Viet Cong division and a North Vietnamese Army regiment. The end result by November will be the discovery of one of the largest weapons and equipment caches of the Vietnam War to-date, and over 1,000 dead enemy soldiers.



Sept. 15, 1944: Two years after Bloody Ridge, U.S. Marines land on Peleliu.



Sept. 15, 1950: United Nations ground forces – primarily U.S. Marines – under the overall command of U.S. Army Gen. Douglas MacArthur, begin hitting the beaches at Inchon, Korea.



Sept. 16, 1776: Gen. George Washington chalks up his "first victory in the field" against British and Hessian forces under Gen. Alexander Leslie in the Battle of Harlem Heights, New York.



Sept. 17, 1862: The Battle of Antietam (Maryland) – the bloodiest single-day battle in American history – opens between Confederate Army forces under Gen. Robert E. Lee and Union Army forces under Maj. Gen.

George B. McClellan. After 12 hours of fighting, some 23,000 Americans are dead, wounded, or missing.



Though a strategic victory for the Union, the battle will prove tactically inconclusive for both sides.



Sept. 17, 1944: Operation Market Garden, an enormous Allied Airborne operation during World War II (in fact, the largest parachute operation in history), is launched to seize strategically vital bridges in German-occupied Holland.



After 10 days of fighting and many tactical successes, the operation will be deemed a strategic failure, and Allied forces will be ordered to withdraw.



(Cornelius Ryan's book, A Bridge Too Far, and the film adaptation of the same are based on Market Garden)



Sept. 18, 1947: Happy Birthday, U.S. Air Force! America's air and space warfare service (and the descendent service of the U.S. Army Air Forces), the U.S. Air Force becomes an independent and equal arm of the American military.



Sept. 19, 1777: Battle of Freeman's Farm — first engagement in the Battle of Saratoga (during the American Revolution) — opens between Continental forces under the command of Gen. Horatio Gates and British forces under Gen. John "Gentleman Johnny" Burgoyne. Brits carry the day, but suffer heavy losses. Continentals will ultimately win Saratoga.



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Thanks to Fred



Remembering A 'Brave,' 'Lucky' Hero In The War Of 1812
by Jeff St. Clair
WKSU - September 10, 2013
Two hundred years ago today, a young U.S. naval captain named Oliver Hazard Perry penned the words, "We have met the enemy and they are ours ..."
Perry's remarkable victory over the British changed the course of the War of 1812, and a full-scale re-enactment — the largest sailing re-enactment ever attempted in the U.S. — recently commemorated the anniversary of the win in the Battle of Lake Erie.
A Bit Of History
America had brashly declared war in 1812 to stop the British from kidnapping U.S. sailors to man the Royal Navy and to settle trade issues. A year later, the war against the world's leading superpower wasn't going well.
It was from Put-in-Bay on Lake Erie's South Bass Island that Perry sailed out to meet the British on Sept. 10, 1813.
Historian Walter Rybka — one of the planners of the re-enactment — says the 28-year-old Perry threw himself into battle. "Perry was, first off, phenomenally brave and determined, but he was damn lucky," Rybka says.
Somehow Perry survived two hours of hellacious fire that killed or maimed 75 percent of the crew on his ship, the Lawrence.
"His last gun had been knocked out of action on the starboard side, his rigging was cut to pieces, he could not maneuver, he could no longer fight. There was no point in maintaining an action because his men were just going to get slaughtered the rest of the way," Rybka says. "Right at the moment the wind fills in ..."
And that's when Perry hopped into his longboat and under heavy fire, rowed to the Niagara, a Great Lakes warship. Rybka says Perry brought along his battle flag, emblazoned with the words, "Don't Give Up The Ship."
"But the only way to do that was to give up the ship and go to the next one," Rybka says. "The real motto was, 'Don't Give Up.' "
A Turning Point
Fifteen tall ships sail out to the spot where the struggle took place 200 years ago. From the reconstructed Niagara, Capt. Wesley Heerssen hails the fleet.
"All tall ships in this battle re-enactment please stand by for roll call," Heerssen says.
And the battle begins.
Six ships make up the British line. The American fleet has nine. The Coast Guard has its hands full clearing a path for the tall ships amid a swarm of more than 2,000 speedboats and pleasure craft. The sea of boats has churned the lake, so in this version of the Battle of Lake Erie, Perry, portrayed by an actor sporting enormous sideburns, is motored from his ship onto the Niagara.
Then Heerssen hails the enemy fleet for the final maneuver of the re-enactment.
"To the British fleet we're going to pass two whistles, starboard to starboard passage," he says.
The Niagara cuts nimbly across the British line and fires its last set of broadsides. And as smoke fills the air, for a second, despite all the distractions, one of America's most famous sea battles vividly comes to life.
And suddenly, it's over.
The smoke clears, and it just another day on the lake, perfect conditions for sailing.
The battle was a turning point in the War of 1812. America had lost Detroit and much of the Northwest Territory. Rybka says if Perry had given up the ship, the Canadian border would have been much farther south.
"I think Michigan probably would have been lost to us and maybe Wisconsin as well," Rybka says.
Heerssen, as captain of the Niagara, has imagined this day for more than a decade. He says the re-enactment is a tribute to America's fighting spirit.
A buoy serves as a permanent marker in the peaceful waters of western Lake Erie. [Copyright 2013 WKSU-FM]



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Thanks to Richard
Subject: Incredible never-before-seen images of the Ground Zero clean-up operation discovered in a worker's photo archive nearly two decades after 9/11 provide a haunting glimpse of the immediate aftermath of the terror attack that killed 3,000 people

There is a lot of non related stuff following the pictures. I don't know how to remove it.

There are also some videos.




https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7185067/Incredible-never-seen-images-Ground-Zero-clean-operation.html?ito=email_share_article-bottom



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Sept. 11



Thanks to Mighty Thunder for the really great post at



http://www.rollingthunderremembered.com/11-september-2001-17-years-later-do-you-remember-where-you-were/


11 September 2001 – 18 Years Later – Do You Remember Where You Were?



Another 911 story also

Thanks to Carl



Must read--a real warrior!!



From both a military and a civilian capacity, it's hard to argue with the statement that Rick Rescorla is one of the greatest heroes in modern American history. This is pretty damn impressive, especially considering that he was British and everything.


http://www.badassoftheweek.com/index.cgi?id=670124511166



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An Unsung Hero Of 9/11. Have You Heard His Story?
H/T Eric Buss

The man featured on the cover of this book is Rick Rescorla. He fought as a Lieutenant leading Bravo company in one of the earliest and most brutal actions of the Vietnam war (LZ Albany). In spite of the heavy combat he was involved in, he did not die a hero in the jungles of southeast Asia. No he died a hero on 9.11.2001.

The tributes poured out as they often do (and should) every year on the infamous anniversary, I saw one about this man and the lives he saved as chief of security for Morgan Stanley.

When the tower intercom blared out instructions for people to remain calm and at their desks (the 2001 predecessor to "Shelter in Place"), he defied them and ordered everyone else to as well. He began the orderly evacuation of the building. Many, to this day, have accredited him with saving 2700 lives.

He inherently knew, since the first World Trade Center bombing in 1993, that they would be targeted again. He spent his security career with Morgan Stanley improving security measures, establishing evacuation procedures and drilling the people often on those procedures.

The last time this man was seen was on the 10th Floor of the WTC, still trying to get people out. The following was quoted from a call to his wife while performing the evacuation.

"...Stop crying. I have to get these people out safely. If something should happen to me, I want you to know I've never been happier. You made my life."

For all that this man experienced and accomplished in his life (a man born in Cornwall, England), he must be listed among the greatest of American heroes for having offered his life to save so many.

Our lives are orchestrated...choreographed by God so that we may fullfil our calling. He blessed many by bringing Rick through his life to that moment in time, a moment that was a culmination of all he represented by both action and selflessness.

Rest Well: Rick Rescorla



More on Rick Riscola from the LIST archives



Must read--a real warrior!!



From both a military and a civilian capacity, it's hard to argue with the statement that Rick Rescorla is one of the greatest heroes in modern American history. This is pretty damn impressive, especially considering that he was British and everything.


http://www.badassoftheweek.com/index.cgi?id=670124511166



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Thanks to Rich



Subject: Boat Lift 9/11



Several important examples of what can be and is done when people respond to those in need. About 11 mins. Not all of it pleasant but worth hearing those who assisted talk about what it meant to them.



One of the most patriotic events of our time. Exceeded even the evacuation of Dunkirk which took almost a week or more. This 9/11 evacuation was 500,000 souls in 9 hours. Impossible right? This video clip is really worthwhile watching !!



Boat lift - outstanding video clip
We certainly were busy watching the news right after 9/11, but we never saw this......BOAT-LIFT OF 9/11.....

The fact is, it was all done in 9 hours ...500,000 people!
This is a video well worth watching. The guy at the end (same guy who is at the beginning) has some great words to live by for all of us.
Watch till the end.



You won't regret it.
We will never forget what happened that day.


Click here:BOATLIFT, An Untold Tale of 9/11 Resilience -



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Daily news from Military Periscope for 11 September

USA—Bolton Out As National Security Adviser Washington Post | 09/11/2019 President Donald Trump says that he has removed National Security Adviser John Bolton from his job, reports the Washington Post. Bolton submitted his resignation on Tuesday after a request the day before, Trump said in a statement on social media. The former adviser disputed this account, saying that he had tendered his resignation. The immediate cause behind Bolton's ouster was a failed meeting at Camp David, Md., between the Taliban and Afghan government, reported Politico. Bolton opposed the idea and his aides publicized his dissent in statements to the media, multiple people familiar with the issue said. Trump also opposed Bolton's more confrontational attitude towards Iran and North Korea, said analysts. A new national security adviser will be named next week, the president said. Deputy National Security Adviser Charlie Kupperman will serve as the acting national security adviser, reported NBC News.



USA—More Details Come Out On F-35 Chaff System Aviation Week And Space Technology | 09/11/2019 An environmental impact statement for a U.S. Air National Guard base has revealed new details about the Air Force's plans to integrate chaff on the F-35A stealth fighter, reports Aviation Week & Space Technology. The ARM-210 chaff proposed for the F-35A is not yet available as it undergoes testing, the report says. It is expected to be ready in 2020. Officials with the F-35 Joint Program Office previously said that a chaff system would be integrated onto the aircraft as part of the Block 4 modernization effort, which aligns with the 2020 timeframe. The ARM designation indicates that the F-35's chaff system could differ from the chaff cartridge system employed on other fighter aircraft, which generally carry the RR designation. Using standard Air Force naming practices, ARM could stand for "air-launched chaff missile," said Aviation Week. It might also indicate that it is an Amrtec product, since the company uses the "ARM" nomenclature for its products, reported the War Zone website.



USA—Esper Seeks To Eliminate Duplication, Find Savings Throughout Pentagon Breaking Defense | 09/11/2019 Secretary of Defense Mark Esper has been setting up an internal review process to find efficiencies and savings in defense programs, reports Breaking Defense. Reforms are being rolled out on a continuous basis inside the Pentagon and are not being prepared as part of a single large package of reforms, said a Pentagon spokesperson. These efforts include reviews to find any duplicate projects across the department. Such programs are then reviewed by Esper with the involved parties to try and identify where the project would be best served as well as possible cost savings. The system is reportedly similar to the "night courts" Esper ran as secretary of the Army from 2018 to 2019, which shifted $33 billion into new weapon development programs. Esper previously committed to reducing Pentagon spending on back-end business practices, known as the fourth estate, in order to focus resources on new and emerging technologies. The fourth estate encompasses 27 agencies and consumes approximately $100 billion of the DoD budget.



USA—Army National Guard Seeks To Adjust Ops Tempo For Armored Units Army Times | 09/11/2019 The U.S. Army National Guard is examining ways to increase readiness by reducing the deploy-to-dwell ratio of its armor and Stryker brigade combat teams and improving maintenance and parts availability, reports the Army Times. Under the Army National Guard 4.0 initiative, Guard units have taken on an increased operational tempo, including multiyear training cycles that conclude every four years with deployments to the National Training Center at Fort Irwin, Calif., or the Joint Readiness Training Center, Fort Polk, La. This 1:4 deploy-to-dwell ratio is a significant increase compare to previous ratios that hovered between 1:10 and 1:20. The Guard wants to reduce the deployment ratio to 1:5 due to the significant demand on company commanders and company-level non-commissioned officers, said Lt. Gen. Daniel Hokanson, director of the Army National Guard. The increase in deployments is also stressing the Guard's legacy equipment, which often requires increased maintenance compared to newer gear. To combat the issue, the Guard is now prioritizing the acquisition of more modern parts and equipment to help maintain readiness. Hokanson said one of his priorities is ensuring the Guard is properly resourced to match its readiness requirements, including the ability to work with the active force and its newer equipment.



Rwanda—Hundreds Of Refugees In Libya To Be Relocated Under Accord With A.U., U.N. New Times | 09/11/2019 Rwanda has reached an agreement with the African Union and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to accommodate refugees and asylum seekers currently being held in Libya, reports the New Times (Kigali). Under the memorandum of understanding signed Tuesday at the A.U. headquarters in Addis Abba, Ethiopia, Rwanda will take refugees and asylum seekers currently held in detention centers in Libya who voluntarily agree to be transferred, said the UNHCR in a release. The pact is part of a broader effort by the UNHCR to evacuate refugees and asylum seekers from detention camps in Libya. At least 4,400 have already been moved to a variety of countries, but at least 4,700 remain. An initial group of 500 refugees, primarily from Eritrea, Somalia and Sudan, will be moved to Rwanda in the coming days, reported the Guardian (U.K.). Rwanda has agreed to receive and provide protection to refugees and asylum seekers in groups of about 50 at the Gashora Reception Center in Kigali, the Rwandan capital. Once in Rwanda, the refugees are expected to have several paths available, including permanent resettlement in a third country; returning to a country that has already granted them asylum or their home country if it is safe; or remaining in Rwanda if permitted to do so by the government.



Nigeria—Armed Group In Military Garb Kidnaps 6 Along Kaduna-Abuja Road Premium Times | 09/11/2019 Six people have been kidnapped near the village of Rijana along the Kaduna-Abuja highway in central Nigeria, reports the Premium Times (Lagos). On Sept. 7, armed men in military uniforms stopped a commercial bus and abducted six victims, police said on Monday. Two of the victims were abandoned after local police teams were able to engage the kidnappers shortly after the abductions. The Kaduna state government announced last week that it was eliminating all security checkpoints along major expressways in an effort to combat kidnappings for ransom along the Kaduna-Abuja highway. The policy is intended to eliminate confusion about the legality of any checkpoint by designating all future checkpoints as illegal. The government has advised drivers not to stop at any checkpoints.



Taiwan—Report Lays Out Strategy To Counter Possible Chinese Invasion Central News Agency | 09/11/2019 The Taiwanese Defense Ministry has released a new report detailing its strategy for repelling a potential Chinese invasion, reports the semi-official Central News Agency (Taipei). The report, which was published on Wednesday, indicates a shift away from on countering any invader on the beaches to a broader effort that includes operations at sea and deeper inland. A graphic shows large ships forming an outer perimeter at sea, with mines and smaller ships closer to shore, followed by a second belt of mines near the beachhead. On shore, Taiwanese troops and armored vehicles appear in front of multiple rocket launchers. Electronic intelligence assets, fighter aircraft and missiles are employed in the aerial domain as part of the multiple deterrence strategy adopted in 2017. A military source previously told local media that such a strategy was necessary due to the rapid advancement of Chinese expeditionary warfare and over-the-horizon amphibious assault capabilities.



Nepal—Joint Exercise With China Wraps Up China Military Online | 09/11/2019 Nepal and China have just concluded the Mt. Everest Friendship 2019 joint counterterrorism exercise, reports China Military Online. The drills, which began Aug. 28 and concluded Sept. 9, covered squad-level urban counterterror operations to improve interoperability and basic capabilities. Special operations units from both countries formed two mixed combat squads that participated in training across 16 subject areas, including combat shooting; combat stamina; room breaching; and bus breaching. The exercise culminated with mock air landings; room and bus breaching; identification and shooting; covering medical evacuations; and fast roping drills. Personnel from both sides also participated in joint recreational activities. This was the third iteration of the bilateral Mt. Everest Friendship exercises and the second time Nepal has hosted.



China—Beijing Deploys Drone Network To Monitor Claims In S. China Sea South China Morning Post | 09/11/2019 China has deployed a network of drones to monitor artificial islands in the disputed South China Sea, reports the South China Morning Post. The air vehicles assist in the surveillance of islands and open waters in the area, according to the South Sea Bureau of the Ministry of Natural Resources. The drones relay imagery and other information to mobile communication vehicles and satellites as part of a maritime information communication network that extends to the command headquarters in the southern province of Guangdong. Using uncrewed platforms supplements satellite imagery, which can be affected by clouds. The airborne systems look for suspicious signs and monitor "historical problem sites," said the bureau. China claims sovereignty over much of the South China Sea and has built up chains of islands in the area to bolster its claims, which are disputed by most regional countries.



North Korea—More Details Provided On Latest Rocket Test Yonhap | 09/11/2019 North Korea has revealed additional details of its most recent weapons test, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). On Tuesday, North Korea tested a "super-large" multiple rocket launcher, the state-run Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) reported on Wednesday. North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un provided "field guidance" for the test. The test verified elements of the system's combat operation, trajectory characteristics, accuracy and homing functions, Kim said. KCNA did not declare the test a success, suggesting that the weapons failed to reach their targets or did not meet other, mission critical criteria. Some analysts speculated that three rockets may have been fired, with one failing to reach its target, based on images released by the news agency. Two rockets flew about 200 miles (330 km) at a maximum altitude of 31 miles (50 km) to 37 miles (60 km), the South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff said following the launches.



India—LeT Militant Killed After Grenade Attack Hindustan Times | 09/11/2019 Security forces in India-administered Kashmir have killed a member of the Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LeT) militant group after he attacked a police station, reports the Hindustan Times (New Delhi). Asif Maqbool Bhat threw a grenade at a station on Wednesday morning, said a local police official quoted by Agence France-Presse. Security forces opened fire and killed him, said the officer. Bhat is also suspected in an attack on the home of a fruit trader in Sopore, a fruit growing region about 30 miles (45 km) northwest of Srinagar, reported the Asian News International. Bhat appeared to be angry with the fruit seller because he carried on with his business despite a widespread strike in the region. Three people were injured in that attack. Tensions in the disputed region have risen since Aug. 5, when Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi moved to strip special rights from the Muslim-majority state.



Finland—Defense Ministry Issues Update On Hornet Replacement, Corvette Procurement Defense-Aerospace | 09/11/2019 Finland will make a final decision on the Squadron 2020 corvette program in the coming weeks and will issue bidder-specific requests for proposals (RfPs) for its Hornet replacement (HX) program before the end of the year, reports defense-aerospace.com. The defense ministry has completed negotiations for the Squadron 2020 project and is now preparing to bring a "feasible proposal to the Council of State", Lauri Puranen, program director for Strategic Projects, said in a Finnish Ministry of Defense blog post. Meanwhile, bidder-specific tenders for the HX program will be released before the end of the year, said Puranen. A specific date will be set some time in October. Although the RfPs will be optimized for each bidder, the final requirements remain the same, he said. All candidates will be treated equally in case the tender requires clarification or changes after its release, with any modifications to the tender being applied uniformly. The service is also setting up a technical evaluation of the aircraft called the "HX Challenge," which is scheduled to be held in Finland in January and February next year. In addition to verifying the bidders' submitted performance values, the information from the challenge will be used to inform a simulated war game.



Australia—Air Force, Army Test Next-Generation Precision Airdrop Technology Australian Dept. Of Defense | 09/11/2019 The Australian army and air force have successfully tested next-generation joint precision air drop systems (JPADS), reports the Australian Dept. of Defense. The new JPADS incorporate steerable parachutes, GPS guidance, a tablet for ground forces and the Ambassador modular autonomous guidance unit (MAGU) for the precision delivery of airdropped supplies. The new system includes a roadway mode, where relative longitudinal accuracy is traded for high lateral axis accuracy, to enable precision landing on roads. The system can otherwise land on a target the "size of a cricket field," according to army officials. Ground personnel are afforded greater flexibility with the new tablet, which enables them to change the targeted drop zone after it has been released from a cargo aircraft. JPADS can be employed from C-17, C-130J and C-27J transports. Personnel familiar with the previous generation of systems will require minimal additional training to employ the new system, officials said. During the trials from Aug. 19-30, a C-130J Super Hercules dropped a single 500-pound (226-kg) pallet on one pass, followed by a string of one 4,000-pound (1,810-kg) and two 2,000-pound (910-kg) pallets.

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