Sunday, September 15, 2019

TheList 5091


The List 5091 TGB


To All,

I hope that you all had a great weekend.

Regards,

Skip
Today in Naval History

September 9


1841 Congress authorizes the first iron-hulled warship. Designed by Samuel Hart, USS Michigan launches in December 1843 and serves to protect the Great Lakes.

1943 Operation Avalanche, Task Force 80 (Western Naval Task Force) under Vice Adm. Henry K. Hewitt, lands the Allied Fifth Army on the assault beaches in the Gulf of Salerno, Italy. Naval gunfire delivers a great volume of counter-battery, interdiction, and neutralization fire m becoming one of the decisive factors in holding the Salerno beachhead.

1944 USS Bang (SS 385) attacks a Japanese convoy 3905, en route from Tokyo Bay to Chichi Jima, and sinks transport Tokiwasan Maru, and freighter Shoryu Maru.

1945 Japanese forces in the southern part of Korea surrender in ceremonies held in Seoul, marking the end of three and a half decades of Japanese rule in Korea.

1947 Lt. Grace Hopper is part of a team that finds a moth that is bugging up the Mark II Aiken Relay Calculator at Harvard. After debugging the system, the moth is affixed to the computer log, where Hopper notes: "First actual case of bug being found." Lt. Hopper later attains the rank of rear admiral.

1961 USS Long Beach (CG (N) 9) is commissioned at Boston as the first nuclear-power surface warship in history and is assigned to the Atlantic Fleet and home ported at Norfolk, Va.

1989 USS Pennsylvania (SSBN 735) is commissioned at New London, Conn. The fourth Navy vessel to be named after the Keystone State, the Ohio-class nuclear-powered.

2006 USS Texas (SSN 775) is commissioned at Newport News, Va. The second Virginia-class attack submarine is the first named for the Lone Star State. Previous ships named Texas have included two battleships and a cruiser.



Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

• The Wall Street Journal stated Hong Kong protesters are calling for U.S. support.

• The Washington Times reported that the Afghan Peace Envoy was recalled by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo after peace talks broke down following Taliban attacks in Kabul.

• The Daily Press reported Defense Secretary Mark Esper saying fund diversions for the border wall will increase efficiency in troop deployment.







Today in History

0337 Constantine's three sons, already Caesars, each take the title of Augustus. Constantine II and Constans share the west while Constantius II takes control of the east.

1087 William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy and King of England, dies in Rouen while conducting a war which began when the French king made fun of him for being fat.



1513 King James IV of Scotland is defeated and killed by English at Flodden.



1585 Pope Sixtus V deprives Henry of Navarre of his rights to the French crown.



1776 The term "United States" is adopted by the Continental Congress to be used instead of the "United Colonies."



1786 George Washington calls for the abolition of slavery.



1791 French Royalists take control of Arles and barricade themselves inside the town.



1834 Parliament passes the Municipal Corporations Act, reforming city and town governments in England.



1850 California, in the midst of a gold rush, enters the Union as the 31st state.



1863 The Union Army of the Cumberland passes through Chattanooga as they chase after the retreating Confederates. The Union troops will soon be repulsed at the Battle of Chickamauga.



1886 The Berne International Copyright Convention takes place.



1911 An airmail route opens between London and Windsor.



1915 A German zeppelin bombs London for the first time, causing little damage.



1926 The Radio Corporation of America creates the National Broadcasting Co.



1942 A Japanese float plane, launched from a submarine, makes its first bombing run on a U.S. forest near Brookings, Oregon.



1943 Allied troops land at Salerno, Italy and encounter strong resistance from German troops.



1948 Kim Il-sung declares the establishment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.



1956 Elvis Presley makes his first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show; cameras focus on his upper torso and legs to avoid showing his pelvis gyrations, which many Americans—including Ed Sullivan—thought unfit for a family show.



1965 US Department of Housing and Urban Development established.



1965 Hurricane Betsy, the first hurricane to exceed $1 billion in damages (unadjusted), makes its second landfall, near New Orleans.



1969 Canada's Official Languages Act takes effect, making French equal to English as a language within the nation's government.



1970U.S. Marines launch Operation Dubois Square, a 10-day search for North Vietnamese troops near Da Nang.



1971 Attica Prison Riot; the 4-day riot leaves 39 dead.



1976 Communist Chinese leader Mao Tse-tung dies in Beijing at age 82.



1990 Sri Lankan Army massacres 184 civilians of the Tamil minority in the Batticaloa District of Sri Lanka.



1991 Tajikistan declares independence from USSR.



1993 The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state.



2001 A car bomb explodes outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people.



2001 Two al Qaeda assassins kill Ahmad Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance in Afghanistan.



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This Day in Aviation History" brought to you by the Daedalians Airpower Blog Update. To subscribe to this weekly email, go to https://daedalians.org/airpower-blog/



Sept. 8, 2000

Lt. Cmdr. Daniel C. Burbank became the second Coast Guard astronaut to fly on a shuttle mission (he had been selected by NASA for astronaut training in 1996). He flew as a mission specialist on NASA flight STS-106 Atlantis from Sept. 8-20, 2000. During the 12-day mission, the crew successfully prepared the International Space Station for the arrival of the first permanent crew. The five astronauts and two cosmonauts delivered more than 6,600 pounds of supplies and installed batteries, power converters, oxygen generation equipment and a treadmill on the Space Station. Two crew members performed a spacewalk in order to connect power, data and communications cables to the newly arrived Zvesda Service Module and the Space Station. STS-106 orbited the Earth 185 times, and covered 4.9 million miles in 11 days, 19 hours, and 10 minutes. Burbank, who retired as a Coast Guard captain, is a Daedalian.



Sept. 9, 1972

Air Force Capt. Charles B. DeBellevue, a Weapons System Officer flying on F-4D and F-4E Phantom II fighters, became the high-scoring American Ace of the Vietnam War when he and his pilot, Capt. John A. Madden Jr., shot down two MiG 19 fighters of the Vietnam People's Air Force west of Hanoi. DeBellevue, a retired colonel, is a Daedalian Life Member. Go HERE to read more about this historic date.



Sept. 10, 1942

The Secretary of War formed the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron under the leadership of Nancy Harkness Love. The following month, female pilots began ferrying aircraft from production sites to airfields in the U.S.



Sept. 11, 1972

U.S. aircraft destroyed the Long Bien Bridge over the Red River in Hanoi, one of the most spectacular uses of precision-guided weapons in the war.



Sept. 12, 1968

Air Force Capt. Ronald Fogleman became the only F-100 pilot ever rescued by riding out on a Cobra helicopter, clinging to the opened gun bay panel door. General Fogleman, a Daedalian Life Member, served as Air Force chief of staff from 1994-1997.



Sept. 13, 1917

The 1st Aero Squadron arrived in France as the first air unit to serve with the American Expeditionary Forces.



Sept. 14, 2006

Air Force Chief of Staff Gen T. Michael Moseley, a Daedalian Life Member, selected the name "Reaper" for the new MQ-9 hunter-killer UAV.



AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPS HIGH-STRENGTH STEEL FOR 3D PRINTED MUNITIONS

The U.S. Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) has developed a method to 3D print high-performance Air Force steel AF-9628 for weapon applications. Led by Captain Erin Hager, and sponsored by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) Munitions Directorate, this powder bed fusion (PBF) technique enables the production of steel exhibiting higher tensile strength than conventional AM alloys



Navy recovers Greyhound wreckage from fatal 2017 crash at sea

A Navy salvage team has recovered the wreckage of a C-2A Greyhound aircraft that crashed on Nov. 22, 2017, in the Philippine Sea, killing three sailors. The wreckage was brought up from a depth of roughly three nautical miles on May 21, U.S. 7th Fleet officials confirmed.



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Thanks to THE Bear -



COMMANDO HUNT and ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… WEEK THIRTY-TWO of the HUNT… 16-22 JUNE 1969…

September 8, 2019Bear Taylor



COMMEMORATING THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE VIETNAM WAR (1961-1973)…

LEST WE FORGET… THE NEW YORK TIMES, 20 June… ALLIED CASUALTIES RISE… "United States combat deaths in Vietnam rose by one-third last week… The week's casualties… were the highest in a month… 335 United States soldiers were killed in combat during the week… South Vietnamese dead were put at 516… and Vietcong and North Vietnamese losses were reported at 4,360."… FREDERICK DOUGLAS: "We have to do with the past only as we can make it useful to the present and the future."…



GOOD MORNING. It's Monday 9 September 1969. Humble Host remembers the Vietnam War and Week Thirty-Two of the interdiction campaign called COMMANDO HUNT, the war against the North Vietnamese trucks on the Ho Chi Minh Trail in southern Laos.



I. HEAD LINES FROM THE NEW YORK TIMES for 16 through 22 June 1969…

A. THE WAR… (16 June) FIFTY-ONE OF ENEMY KILLED IN RAID ON U.S. BASE… "North Vietnamese troops struck at a United States artillery base in the Ashau Valley today but were hurled back with heavy losses before they could break into the camp itself….the 101st Airborne Division said 51 of the enemy had been killed. Seven Americans were wounded."….(17 June) VIETCONG MAULED IN ATTACK ON BASE–212 of 500 Reported Killed In 3 Assaults On Thai Camp… "A 500-man Vietcong force, attacking a Thai Black Panther Division base 20 miles east of Saigon, was mauled yesterday in a six hour battle that brought United States warplanes, helicopters and artillery into play. Allied spokesmen said tht 212 enemy soldiers had been killed in the battle. Six Thais were reported killed and seven wounded. No American casualties were reported… In the Mekong Delta, United States participation in the canal-and-paddy war is ending after 30 months. The decision to turn the war in the Delta over to the South Vietnamese troops was underscored by the United States command's announcement that 1,200 Navy men will be among the 25,000 troops to leave South Vietnam during July and August."… (18 June) NEW OFFENSIVE AT ASHAU… "Military spokesmen reported today that 21 American soldiers had been killed and 130 wounded thus far in a combined offensive operation called 'Montgomery Rendezvous' in and around the Ashau Valley, 25 miles southwest of Hue."… (19 June) U.S. BASES REPULSE FOE'S ATTACKS… "Enemy troops attacked two American installations near Laos and Cambodia today but were thrown back with heavy losses."… (20 June) SIX ATTACKS MADE BY FOE ON TAYNINH–One Breaks Through Into a Village Near the City… "…a three hundred man enemy force broke through in one sector and fought allied troops in village streets…about 1,000 Vietnamese civilians had fled their homes…the allied commands reported that 146 enemy soldiers were killed in the fighting. American casualties were listed at three killed and 13 wounded."... (21 June) G.I.'s ARTILLERY BASE REPULSES NEW ATTACK BY ENEMY TO THE NORTH OF TAYNINH… "An enemy force estimated at 600 stormed a United States artillery support base and landing zone north of Tayninh early this morning, killing 7 Americans and wounding 18 in the second day of an upsurge in enemy assaults in and around the provincial capital (that sits astride the road between Laos and Saigon)… Enemy losses in the past two days were put at 194 killed."… (22 June) INTENSE FIGHTING ERUPTS NEAR THE DMZ–Upsurge Below Zone, Quiet For Six Months, Worries Allies–Pullout Is Due There… "…Allied infantrymen have fought a series of battles below the once neutral buffer strip. United States dive bombers and artillery, striking at enemy fortifications built up in the southern half of the six-mile-wide demilitarized zone have added to the toll of North Vietnamese dead… infantrymen alone killed 237 of the enemy…air and artillery killed 13 more North Vietnamese regulars in the last 24 hours…Over the last five days 30 Americans were killed in these battles and intensified fighting south of the buffer zone."…



B. THE PARIS PEACE TALKS… (16 June) VANCE BACKS CALL FOR CEASE FIRE BY ALL SIDES IN VIETNAM… "Cyrus R. Vance, former United States representative at the peace talks in Paris, broke his silence on President Nixon's negotiating strategy today and called for a 'standstill cease-fire' by all sides in Vietnam. Mr. Vance, who was deputy to W. Averell Harriman, the senior negotiator for the Johnson Administration, thus joined Mr. Harriman in urging a deliberate reduction of the level of combat as a means to move the peace talks forward."… Vance: 'To be realistic we cannot expect the Vietcong to stop their attacks as long as we are exerting maximum military pressure on them. I do not believe we can make substantial progress in talks in Paris unless the tempo of the fighting and violence is reduced by both sides."…. (19 June) CLIFFORD URGES NIXON TO CURTAIL VIETNAMFIGHTING–Ex-Defense Chief Calls For Pull-Out Of Ground Combat Forces By End Of 1970–Spur To Saigon Sought–Former Johnson Aide Says Thieu's Regime Must Be Forced Into a Larger Role… (20 June) PRESIDENT HOPES PULLOUT WILL TOP 200,000 BEFORE 1971–Cut Conditional On Progress At Talks And In Training of South Vietnamese–Rebuttal to Clifford–Nixon at News Conference Says He Hopes To 'Beat' Timetable Suggested By Critics…"… 'I would hope that we could beat Mr. Clifford's timetable, just as I think we've done a little better than he did when he was in charge of our national defense,' said Mr. Nixon."… HANOI PRESSED AT PEACE TALKS ON MUTUAL TROOPSWITHDRAWALS… "The United States pressed North Vietnam at the peace talks today for an agreement on mutual troop withdrawals. 'All we got in reply was theology,' Harold Kaplan, the American spokesman, said at a news conference after the 22nd session of the expanded peace talks. What Col. Ha Van Lau of North Vietnam specifically replied came in the form of a standard question: Was the United States ready to withdraw all forces unconditionally from South Vietnam and end its acts of violence?… Sources close to the Vietnamese delegation said that Mr. Clifford's appeal, in the current Foreign Affairs quarterly, was cited by Colonel Lau as evidence that mounting pressure in the United States would force the Nixon Administration to make 'massive' withdrawals unilaterally."… (21 June) PRESIDENT'S AIDES DENY HE PLEDGED A PULL-OUT BY 1970–Upset By Impact Of What They Insist Was Merely An Expression of Hope–Distortion Discerned–Senate Doves Said To Give A Hardened View to Stand On Troops In Vietnam… NORTH VIETNAM'S STAND IN PARIS HELD ROADBLOCK–U.S. Aides Note Demands For Ouster Of Thieu–Thieu Meets With Aides… (22 June) U.S. SHAPING PLAN TO GIVE VIETCONG A SHARE OF POWER–Terms for Political Accord Still Being Formulated By Nixon Administration–Formula Offers Insurgents Some Local Authority And A Firm Minority Role… REMARKS BY NIXON ON PLAN OF THIEU ANGER SAIGON AIDES… HARRIMAN BIDS U.S. REDUCE WAR LEVEL… NIXON IS ACCUSED OF OVERREACTING–Mansfield Attributes Remarks On Troop Cuts To Anger… "W. Averell Harriman says the United States 'should take a more defensive military posture,' shifting its forces to the cities as President Nixon withdraws American troops. 'This course would cut the casualties,' Mr. Harriman said, 'and there's a reasonable prospect the other side would respond and de-escalate.'"…



C. THE REST OF THE NEW YORK TIMES HEAD LINES… (16 June) POMPIDOU CHOSEN AS FRENCH LEADER WITH 57% OF VOTE–He Succeeds de Gualle As President–Poher Weakened As 31% Abstain In Drive Led By Communists… APOLLO 11 ASTRONAUTS PRACTICE MOON LANDING… U.S. AND CITY FORCES PLAN JOINT FIGHT ON NARCOTICS… (17 June) BACKING FOR BILL TO CURB CAMPUS DISORDERS FADES IN HOUSE COMMITTEE… 37 ARRESTED, 13 POLICEMEN WOUNDED IN SACREMENTO–Violence Erupts In Utica 3rd Time–Fist Fights Break Out After Whites Invade Negro Areas… POLICE ADDING 100 TO NEW YORK NARCOTICS FORCE–And State to Help City Attack Illegal Drug Traffic… (18 June) U.S. INTELLIGENCE DOUBTS SOVIET FIRST-STRIKE GOAL… "…have concluded that the Soviet Union is not now striving for the capability to launch a first-strike nuclear attack against this country but is probably seeking more parity with the United States in missile strength."… WORLD REDS END MOSCOW PARLEY–Some Parties Balk at Signing Text Of Message… "The meeting of most of the world's Communist parties, convened among much discord, ended today with a communique hailing it as 'an important stage on the road of strengthening the cohesion of the Communist movement.' However the editor of a leading newspaper from a Communist country, commenting on the 13-day series of speeches said, 'The circus is over, and it was a bad one.'"… MANDATORY STAYS IN DRAFT UPHELD–U.S. Appeals Court Backs Case For Graduate Students… WAR PROTESTERS EJECTED FROM PENTAGON–Read List of Vietnam War Dead… BRITAINWANTS TO START TALKS ON SEAT IN COMMON MARKET AS SOON AS POSSIBLE… (19 June) HOUSE ACTS TO BAR HEALTH WARNING IN CIGARETTE ADS–Votes Six-Year Ban Aimed To Block F.T.C. Edict–Senate Hearings Set… 22 IN G.O.P. WARN ON CURB ON CAMPUS DEMONSTRATIONS–House Members Report Nixon Opposes Ban… ISRAELI JETS POUND JORDANIAN AREA FOR FIVE HOURS…SOVIET SUBMITS DETAILED REPLY TO U.S. PROPOSALS ON MIDEAST… S.D.S.BARS 'CAPITALIST PRESS' AS IT OPENS ANNUAL CONVENTION IN CHICAGO… (20 June) .U.S.S. EVANS WITNESS DIFFERS ON CARRIER LIGHTS–Briton Tells Inquiry He Saw No Navigation Lights on Australian Carrier Melbourne… (21 June) SOVIET REPLY ON MIDEAST DISAPPOINTS U.S. OFFICIALS… "… But they indicated that the two-power talks at the United Nations would continue."…JOHNSON'S FRIENDS ASSERT HE IS HAPPY AS A RANCHER…"… He is actively resisting public attention, perhaps for the first time. He has refused to see or talk with any reporter, except for a few social or accidental encounters, always off the record since a news conference at the LBJ Ranch on January 23."… (22 June) S.D.S. LEADERS OUST MEMBERS OF PROGRESSIVE LABOR FACTION… "The national officers of Students for a Democratic Society read the Progressive Labor faction out of the organization early today, then walked out of the national convention. The break came after four days of bitter fighting, as the National Office Collective group accused the Progressive Laborites of being counterrevolutionary. The walkout came in a tense emotion filled scene as Bernadine Dohrn, the S.D.S. inter-organizational secretary read the statement expelling the Progressive Labor group from S.D.S."… ASTRONAUTS TO GET A MILLION IN YEAR FOR THEIR STORIES… "The astronauts stand to share $1-million in the coming year by the sale and syndication of the personal accounts of their exploits… The 55 astronauts and 8 widows of astronauts sharing equally in the proceeds…" (About $16K each??)…





II. COMMANDO HUNT II…(April-November 1969)… On 1 November 1968 President Johnson stopped the bombing of North Vietnam. But OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER remained– the reconnaissance operations never stopped and the photo recce birds were always escorted by strike fighters to counter any enemy reaction to the photo aircraft. These operations were reported in the monthly air operations summaries of PACAF… The following is the report for June 1969…

NORTH VIETNAM…SUMMARY…ROLLING THUNDER…JUNE 1969

"There were 275 reconnaissance missions scheduled over North Vietnam in June. Of these 205 were flown, for an effectiveness rate of 74.5%. The USAF flew 121 of 139, or 87% effective; the USN flew 60 of 96, or 62.5% effective; and the USMC flew 24 of 40, or 60% effective. In addition to the missions flown over land the U.S. Army flew 134 OV-1 SLAR/IR missions along the coast of RP I. The 205 missions flown in June compare with 272 flown in May. Although scheduling effectiveness dropped 7% overall in June, target coverage was generally better due to the more favorable weather associated with the southwest monsoon. More targets were covered per sortie, therefore 7AF continued the reduced frag rate of six sorties per day initiated 12 May.

"One RF-4C was lost to 57mm near Dong Hoi on 5 June. The crew maneuvered the aircraft over water prior to ejecting and were recovered by SAR forces. The North Vietnamese reacted five other times with AAA and three times with SAMs to reconnaissance overflights. In all but one of the AAA incidents the escort aircraft expended their ordnance on the firing guns ("Protective Reaction"). In one incident in which no ordnance was expended weather prevented the escort aircraft from visually acquiring the guns. The three SAM incidents all occurred in the vicinity of Vinh. Three Shrike missiles were launched against the active sites by Navy Iron Hand aircraft. No results were observed, but in one case the Fan Song radar ceased emitting signals at the approximate time of AGM-45 impact.

"The primary targets for the reconnaissance effort continue to be LOCs, with truck parks, storage areas and SAM sites also being covered. Analysis of photographs reveals that the major North Vietnam emphasis on moving supplies in RP I appears to have shifted southward from Route 15 toward Quang Khe and then down routes 1036 and 1032. The shift is probably due to the monsoonal rains in Laos which have made the roads south of both Mu Gia and Ban Karai passes virtually impassable. As has happened in the past during this season, traffic moves toward the coastal routes and to cross DMZ access points to South Vietnam.

"Quang Khe (a few miles north of Dong Hoi on the coast) continues to be the major port in southern North Vietnam. Large coastal shipping continues to be observed there, including recent sightings of POL ships capable of carrying 250 metric tons. Supplies and POL are moved southward from Quang Khe to routes 1036 and 1032. Route 1036 truck counts have increased appreciably. Evidence of the enemy intention to use this route heavily is the discovery of pipes stacked along this road in apparent preparation for the construction of a pipeline similar to the one observed earlier paralleling Route 15. Route 1032 is motorable well within the DMZ. FAC sightings of trucks and personnel on this road within the DMZ confirm its' use.

"Truck sightings per reconnaissance mission averaged 28 for June. This average has been maintained since mid-April. All indications are that the North Vietnamese are maintaining their effort to infiltrate supplies into the RVN at approximately the same rate as previous months. LOC construction and repair activity continues with the gradual improvement and extension of routes further south, thereby making the movement of supplies to storage areas abutting South Vietnam less difficult."… End quote…





III. AIRCRAFT LOSSES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA: 16-22 JUNE 1969… References include Chris Hobson's VIETNAM AIR LOSSES: United States Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps Fixed Wing Aircraft Losses in Southeast Asia 1961-1973. This source is now online in it's entirety at https://www.VietnamAirLosses.com … During the week ending 22 June 1969 the United States lost five fixed wing aircraft and five intrepid aviators…

(1) On 16 June and F-105D of the 354th TFS and 355th TFW out of Takhli piloted by 1LT J.L. DEVOSS was part of a flight of Thunderchiefs assigned to strike a 14.5mm gun position near Ban Ban in northern Laos (Barrel Roll). 1LT DEVOSS was hit by enemy gunfire as he was rolling in on his first strafing pass. He was able to keep the Thud flying but was forced to eject 35 miles north of the Thailand border. He suffered a broken leg and and arm on ejection but was rescued by a USAF SAR HH-53 from the 40th ARRS.

(2) On 16 June an F-4D of the 389th TFS and #66th TFW out of Danang piloted by MAJOR G.G. FULGHOM with WSO 1LT HARMON POLSTER in the rear cockpit was downed by AAA while attacking a firing gun position– dueling with a flak site?– fifteen miles south of Quang Ngai. After being hit MAJOR FULGHOM headed northeast and both aviators ejected about ten miles off the coast near Chuy Lai where they were rescued by an Army helo to fly and fight again. Unfortunately, fate struck young 1LT POLSTER a month later and he was killed on a Phantom flight fragged to strike a 37mm site in COMMANDO HUNT territory…

(3) On 19 June an O-2A of the 19th TASS and 504th TASG out of Bien Hoa piloted by Kenny FAC CAPTAIN JAMES DEAN HOAG with 1LT GEORGE RICHARD DOVER, USMC, flying as observer, was downed by ground fire while controlling strikes on a Vietcong rocket and mortar position 15 miles north of Vung Tau in South Vietnam. Neither aviator was able to exit the aircraft before it crashed. The incident was witnessed by an Australian trooper who left this comment as a remembrance… "These were brave men doing an incredible job. The area in which they were spotting that day was an area that caused a lot of grief. The flatlands were peppered with M-16 mines and the hills were filled with caves. My troops and tanks went immediately to the scene but both men were killed in action. We couldn't get to the scene without encountering a lot of booby traps and strong opposition from troops occupying the high ground and enjoying maximum protection." The Australian unit was engaged in protecting ongoing mine-clearing ops. They observed the twin tail of the O-2A break off and the aircraft crash. They were on the scene quickly but could do no more than recover the bodies of CAPTAIN JAMES DEAN HOAG–who was in his 67th day of combat– and 1LT DOVER, USMC… CAPTAIN HOAG rests in peace at Arlington National Cemetery. 1LT DOVER is buried at Wilmington National Cemetery…

(4) On 22 June an O-2B psychological warfare aircraft of the 9th SOS and 14th SOW out of Nha Trang was downed on mission to drop leaflets or make loud speaker broadcasts in an area reported to be occupied by enemy troops 20 miles north of Nha Trang. The aircraft, piloted by MAJOR ERICH CARL ENGELHARD and observer 1LT MICHAEL ANTHONY SEAGROVES, SR.,went down near Ninh Hoa, killing both men. A SAR mission failed to locate the wreckage and the two aviators and they were initially declared MIA. The wreckage and bodies were located and recovered in 1974. COLONEL ENGELHARD is buried at Arlington National Cemetery and CAPTAIN SEAGROVES, SR., is buried at Mount Carmel Catholic Cemetery in Hillside, Cook County, Illinois… Among the many remembrances left for these two fallen warriors at Vietnam Veterans Memorial Foundation is one from Doctor Paul Kelley for his O-2 Classmate at Hurlburt… "We both ended at Nha Trang for combat training. During the two weeks there, we shared supper, our memories of pilot training, lots of thoughts about our families and again, chess. The night of June 21st Mike and I ate and watched "Camelot' together at the little outdoor theater there on base. He told me that 'Camelot' was very special in that it was during that movie that he proposed to Fran. I don't beleve he knew she was carrying his baby. We said goodnight and made plans to have lunch at the O'Club the next day. His last flight was his combat check ride. Mike, you passed. … Mike, dear friend, you are a hero. Your country and your friends and family treasure your memory and will always be thankful for your sacrifice…"… CAPTAIN SEAGROVES, SR., is survived by a son who he never saw…

(5) On the night of 22/23 June an A-4E of the VA-144 Roadrunners embarked in USS Bon Homme Richard piloted by LTJG LELAND CHARLES COOKE SAGE was lost on a FAC controlled COMMANDO HUNT mission 15 miles west of the Mugia Pass. LT SAGE made one successful dive attack on the target but failed to get a bomb release. He advised his wingman and the FAC that he was making a second run to drop his ordnance. The FAC observed the Skyhawk rollin and dive on the target and continue into the ground. While there was opposing AAA in the area, the presumption was LT SAGE was making every effort to get his bombs on target, lost situational awareness, and flew into the ground. SAR efforts failed to establish visual or aural communication with LT SAGE and he was subsequently reported Killed in Action/Body Not Recovered. Fifty years later LT SAGE's status remains the same and the young tailhooker rests on his shield where he fell on the battlefield. He is memorialized with a headstone at Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery in San Diego…



ON 20 JUNE 1965 an F-4C of the 45th TFS and 15th TFW out of Ubon was downed in North Vietnam. Hunble Host cranked up RollingThunderRemembered in March 2016 and started the remembrances with action in March 1966. When opportunity presents, the earlier events will find their way to RTR. The "fight-to-survive" experiences of CAPTAIN PAUL ANTHONY KARI and CAPTAIN CURT BRIGGS that began on 20 June 1965, fifty-four years ago, will be highlighted in a special post on 19 September 2019 in recognition of POW/MIA DAY 2019 (which is 20 Sept 2019)… …



IV. HUMBLE HOST END NOTE… The following 40-page document–"Viet-Nam Documents and Research Notes" is available online from the expanding collection of Vietnam War literature and documentation at the Texas Tech Vietnam Archives in Lubbock, Texas. Two extraordinary speeches by General Vo Nguyen Giap, one presented 50 years ago on 22 June 1969 to "a congress of antiaircraft and air forces, and one in July 1969 to an audience of the Third Military Sector. Humble Host offers a few paragraphs from the 22 June document as a teaser for your further interest. You will be rewarded by accessing and perusing the entire 40-pages of General Giap's review of the first four years of fighting America in the air over North Vietnam and on the ground in South Vietnam. Access the document at:

https://www.vietnam.ttu.edu/reports/images.php?img=/images/F0313/F031300020147.pdf

Quotation from the concluding paragraphs of Giap's 22 June 1969 speech– I quote…

"The determination-to-win emulation congress of the antiaircraft and air forces has cited many good fighting and building examples of units and individual soldiers. To develop great effect for the congress, we must recapitulate the experiences of exemplary units more practically and thoroughly and turn these experiences into principles and guiding lines, further enriching our party's military ideology and further developing our fighting methods. This is a very good basis for continuing to build an increasingly firm and strong antiaircraft force and air force, for improving units' combat quality, and for helping our antiaircraft force and air force become an army service that will fight very well and defeat all enemies in order to steadily protect our heroic country's beloved skies.

"Comrades, our people nationwide are faced with a very great and difficult task: striving to annihilate the enemy in order to bring the anti-U.S. national salvation struggle to complete victory. The heroic southern compatriots and PLAF are advancing vigorously. They have waged relentless attacks against the enemy, scoring great military exploits and driving the U.S. imperialists into an increasingly serious defeated and passive position.

"For the liberation of South Viet-Nam, national reunification, socialism, and the lofty international obligation, all our soldiers and people in the north are doing their best to fight and stand combat ready (words indistinct) while accelerating socialist construction in order to fulfill the sacred duty as the great rear to the great frontline. Never have the Vietnamese people been faced with such a glorious historic task. Never have our people developed their militant strength with such a great impetus.

"Under the leadership banner of our party led by beloved and respected President Ho, let all cadres and combatants of the people's armed forces in general and of the antiaicraft force and air force in particular, heroically and bravely advance and, together with our people nationwide, fulfill their glorious mission, and the most brilliant exploits of our people's history of struggle against foreign aggression, and completely defeat the U.S. aggressors in order to liberate the south, protect the north, and advance toward reunifying the fatherland."… End Giap quote…

Humble Host Final Note: "KNOW YOUR ENEMY AS YOU KNOW YOURSELF." (Sun Tzu)… Best book on Giap is Cecil B. Curry's VICTORY AT ANY COST: The Genius of Viet Nam's Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap (abebooks.com for $11, free delivery)… General Giap died in 2013 at the age of 102…

Lest we forget… Bear



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Daily News from Military Periscope for 9 September

USA—Navy's Newest Cruise Missile Headed To Pacific Aboard Gabrielle Giffords LCS Defense News | 09/09/2019 The U.S. Navy's new anti-ship cruise missile is deploying for the first time, reports Defense News. On Tuesday, USS Gabrielle Giffords (LCS-10), equipped with the Naval Strike Missile (NSM) and the recently mission-capable MQ-8C Fire Scout uncrewed helicopter, set sail on a deployment to the Indo-Pacific from San Diego. The Navy selected the NSM in 2018 to provide the LCS fleet with greater anti-surface warfare capability. The deployment represents the Navy's response to growing Chinese aggressive activity in the Indo-Pacific region. With the NSM, the LCS poses a greater potential threat to adversaries due to the weapon's extended range. The Navy has been seeking to increase the range of its weapons and sensors over the last decade as China has increased its maritime claims in the South China Sea.



United Kingdom—Treasury Announces 2.2 Billion Pounds In Additional Funding For Defense H.M. Treasury | 09/09/2019 The British Treasury has announced an extra 2.2 billion pounds (US$2.7 billion) for defense over the next two years. The funding represents a 2.6 percent budget increase, from 39.5 billion pounds (US$48.6 billion) in 2019-2020 to 41.3 billion pounds (US$50.8 billion) in 2020-2021, and an increase in real terms greater than the government's 0.5 percent target, the Treasury said in a release. Of the additional money, 1.2 billion pounds (US$1.5 billion) is earmarked for modernization in areas such as cyber, shipbuilding and the nuclear deterrent; 700 million pounds (US$860 million) for pension contributions; and 300 million pounds (US$368 million) are reserved to "press on with funding priority capability programs," the release said. The money to "press on" is likely a reserve to cover fluctuations in the pound as a result of Brexit and existing holes in the budget, said experts quoted by the U.K. Defence Journal.



Turkey—1st Joint Patrol In Syrian Buffer Zone Held With U.S. Forces Cable News Network | 09/09/2019 Turkish troops have joined their U.S. counterparts for their first joint patrol along the Turkish-Syrian border, reports CNN. On Sunday, Turkish and U.S. military vehicles and two helicopters entered Syria near Tel Abyad and patrolled for several hours before returning, reported Reuters. Joint land and air patrols are scheduled to continue over the next several days, reported Turkey's Anadolu Agency. Members of the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) withdrew troops from the area and removed some defensive fortifications prior to the patrol, said a U.S. Army spokesman. The patrols are designed to keep the YPG, which Turkey considers part of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) terrorist group, away from the Turkish border. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Sunday criticized continued American cooperation with Kurdish forces in northern Syria, reported the Hurriyet Daily News (Istanbul). "It seems Turkey's ally is after a safe zone in northern Syria not for Turkey but for the terrorist group. We reject such an approach," he said. Damascus has criticized the joint patrols as a violation of its sovereignty, reported the state-run Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA).



North Korea—Artillery Commander Named New Military Chief Agence France-Presse | 09/09/2019 Col. Gen. Pak Jong Chon has been named the new chief of the North Korean military, reports Agence France-Presse. Pak was named chief of the General Staff of the Korean People's Army on Friday, reported the state-run Korean Central News Agency. The general was previously the head of the artillery command and joined dictator Kim Jong Un at the test-firing of new guided missiles last month. He succeeds Gen. Ri Yong Gil, who has held the top post twice since 2013. The promotion of an artillery commander may suggest a renewed focus on artillery and similar weapon systems, said analysts.



Thailand—Government Approves 2.7 Percent Defense Budget Boost Forecast International | 09/09/2019 The Thai government has approved the defense budget proposal for 2020, which includes a 2.7 percent increase over the 2019 budget, reports Forecast International (Conn.). Under the budget, defense spending would increase by approximately US$200 million to US$7.6 billion. The increase will boost military funding to 7 percent of government spending, up from 6.2 percent in 2019. The boost will increase military spending from 1.3 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) to 1.4 percent. While Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha had set a target of increasing spending to 2 percent of GDP, budget growth appears to have remained linked to the state of the Thai economy. The Thai army will receive 49 percent, or US$3.7 billion, of the military budget according to the draft. The army has traditionally received the bulk of military funding.



Philippines—Bomber Dies In Attempted Suicide Attack Rappler | 09/09/2019 An attempted suicide bombing of a military camp in the southern Philippines resulted only in the death of the attacker, according to Philippine army officials cited the Rappler (Manila). On Sunday, a female approached a military camp in Indanan, Sulu province, and detonated an improvised explosive device (IED). The woman was killed. No soldiers were injured, the army said. There were no immediate claims of responsibility. Maj. Gen. Corleto Vinluan Jr., the Joint Task Force Sulu commander, blamed the ISIS-aligned Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG). Separately, seven people were injured in an explosion at a market in Isulan, Sultan Kudarat province in southwestern Mindanao. An explosive device was placed beside a motorcycle parked near the market, said a Western Mindanao Command spokesman. That attack was claimed by ISIS, reported ABS-CBN (Manila).





Afghanistan—Dozens Of Taliban Killed In Wardak Airstrikes, Says Military Khaama Press | 09/09/2019 At least 38 Taliban fighters have been killed in airstrikes in Afghanistan's central Wardak province, reports the Khaama Press (Afghanistan). Air attacks in the province's Nerkh district, killed 23 Taliban fighters, including one of the Talban's elite Red Unit commanders, the Special Operations Corps said on Sunday. Separately, 15 members of the Red Unit were killed in airstrikes elsewhere in the province. The strikes also killed the Taliban's shadow district chief in the Jalrez district, said the corps.



Syria—Suspected Israeli Strike Kills 18 Pro-Iran Militants Asharq Al-Awsat | 09/09/2019 Suspected Israeli airstrikes have killed 18 members of Iran-backed militias in the eastern Syrian province of Deir Ezzor, reports Asharq Al-Awsat (London). Monday's attack targeted positions in Albukamal, a remote desert region that was the heart of ISIS-held territory in Syria, reported the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. Eighteen militants and troops in the area were killed and unspecified military equipment was destroyed. Militants in the area belonged to several Iran-backed groups, including the Popular Mobilization Forces and Hezbollah, reported Al Arabiya (Dubai). There were no immediate claims of responsibility. Israel is suspected of conducting hundreds of strikes on Iranian forces in the region. Following the strikes, Iran-backed militias under the command of the Quds Force fired rockets at Israel from a site near Damascus, which fell short of Israeli territory, said the Israeli military. The Quds Force is the wing of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps responsible for foreign operations. Fox News reported last week that Iran was building a new military base in the area.



Lebanon—Israeli Drone Downed In South; Hezbollah Claims Credit Fars News Agency | 09/09/2019 Hezbollah says it has shot down an Israeli drone in southern Lebanon, reports the Fars news agency (Tehran). The air vehicle was downed on Monday near the southern town of Ramyah after crossing the border into Lebanese air space, the militant group said. Hezbollah fighters recovered the drone's remains, said officials from the group. The Israeli military said that a drone crashed during reconnaissance operations, reported the Jerusalem Post. An Israeli military spokeswoman said that the "simple drone" was not carrying sensitive information at the time, denying Hezbollah claims that they had found key intelligence in it, reported Haaretz (Israel). Tensions have risen between Israeli and Hezbollah to their highest point since 2006 after cross-border shelling last week. That violence followed a series of suspected Israeli strikes on Iranian forces across the Middle East, including a failed drone attack on a Hezbollah office outside of Beirut.



Israel—Rafael Acquires Aeronautics To Boost Its UAV Position AIN Online | 09/09/2019 Rafael Advanced Defense Systems is acquiring a 50 percent stake in the Israeli uncrewed aerial vehicle (UAV) firm Aeronautics Ltd., reports AIN Online. Rafael originally bid for the company in 2018, but its offer was rejected for being too low. A larger bid has now been accepted over a competing bid from IAI. The purchase was approved by Israeli regulators at the start of August, reported CTech at the time. Aeronautics is known for its family of Orbiter UAVs, the Aerostar tactical UAV and the Skystar aerostats. Rafael pursued the acquisition after Aeronautics was identified as a well-positioned partner in the growing UAV market, said Rafael officials. Aeronautics will be maintained as a separate firm, evolving to integrate intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance products from Rafael. Both companies previously partnered on the purchase of Controp Precision Technologies in 2012, reported Defense News.



Israel—Merkava Mk 4 Tanks With New Batteries Put Through Paces Defense News | 09/09/2019 Israel recently completed thousands of miles of field testing of its Merkava Mk 4 tanks equipped with new lithium-ion batteries, reports Defense News. The 6T batteries developed and provided by the Israeli firm Epsilor-Electric Fuel were installed on Merkava Mk 4 tanks that underwent 1,850 miles (3,000 km) of testing at bases in the Golan Heights and the Negev Desert without suffering any problems. Lithium-ion batteries are lighter and provide more energy than other types and can operate through 10 times the number of cycles as a standard battery. The tests come as the Israeli military is seeking to outfit its vehicles with hybrid propulsion technology under the Carmel program. As the battery technology matures, it is becoming cheaper through greater commercial demand. Prices per kilowatt hour have decreased from US$1,000 to US$200 in recent years. The hybrid propulsion technology will also be available for installation in existing vehicles, according to Epsilor-Electric officials. Hybrid-electric technology increases the available onboard energy capacity of a vehicle, enables a silent watch mode where a vehicle can operate without running its engine and reduces the requirements for a unit to be resupplied by logistics vehicles. The latest lithium batteries expand onboard energy available to armored vehicles by up to 300 percent, enabling them to conduct silent operations for up to 16 hours. It also permits vehicles to operate a wide variety of electronic systems, such as air-conditioning, active protection and electro-optical sensors.



Libya—GNA Forces Push South Of Tripoli, Killing At Least 30 Libyan Express | 09/09/2019 The forces of the U.N.-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) launched a new operation against fighters loyal to Khalifa Haftar in southern Tripoli, reports the Libyan Express. On Saturday, GNA forces attacker Haftar's forces south of Tripoli and Souq al-Khamis Imshael, while airstrikes were conducted along the front line, including in Tarhouna. The airstrikes hit military vehicles and Grad rocket launchers in Wadi Rabea, said a Libyan army spokesman. The hospital in Tarhouna received at least 30 dead and 100 injured fighters from Haftar's Libyan National Army (LNA), GNA sources said. No information was provided on possible GNA casualties. On Sunday morning, Haftar's forces tried to retake position in Souq al-Khamis Imshael, but they were forced back to Tarhouna, reported the Libya Observer. The Haftar-led Libyan National Army is backed by a government based in Tobruk. In April, it launched an offensive to take Tripoli from the U.N.-backed GNA.



Burkina Faso—29 Killed In Pair Of Attacks In North Reuters | 09/09/2019 At least 29 people have been killed in two attacks in Burkina Faso's northern Sanmatenga province, reports Reuters. On Sunday, terrorists killed 14 people in an attack on a food convoy, said the government. The convoy was bringing food to people displaced by militancy, reported Agence France-Presse. Separately, a transport truck struck a roadside bomb in the Barsalogho area, killing 15 people and wounding six. Military reinforcements have been deployed to the area. A search for the attackers has been launched, said the military. Militancy in the Sahel African nation has been growing since 2018, with threats coming from local groups backed by Al-Qaida, including Ansarul Islam and the Group for the Support of Islam and Muslims (JNIM), and ISIS.



Burundi—U.N. Panel Warns Of Conditions Conducive To Genocide Voice Of America News | 09/09/2019 A U.N. commission has warned that years of political instability in Burundi have created conditions with the potential to spark a genocide, reports the Voice of America News. The U.N. Commission of Inquiry on Burundi in its report published on Sept. 4 listed eight common risk factors from the Framework of Analysis for Atrocity Crimes that are present in Burundi: insecurity; a history of unpunished human-rights violations; weakness of state structures; existing drivers and motivations for violence against particular groups; the capacity of groups to commit atrocities; absence of potential mitigating actors; preparation or existence of an environment conducive to atrocities; and the existence of potential triggers for violence. In addition, the panel found ongoing human-rights violations, including arbitrary killings, torture and arbitrary detention as well as reduced freedom of expression and association. Burundi has been in a state of political crisis since President Pierre Nkurunziza announced in 2015 that he would run for a third term in violation of constitutional norms. A commission member noted that while the crisis was essentially political, there have been incidents with an ethnic dimension. The report says that members of the opposition have been targeted by the Imbonerakure, the youth league of the ruling party; the national intelligence service; police; and administrative officials.



South Africa—Development Of Badger Troop Carrier Nears End Denel Group | 09/09/2019 Development of the infantry section carrier variant of South Africa's Badger infantry fighting vehicle is nearly complete, reports Denel, the South African manufacturer. "A product baseline will be established before the end of 2019," said Denel chief executive Danie du Toit. Production of the Badger has been delayed at least 32 months. Serial production of the infantry section carrier variant was previously scheduled to commence in July 2016, noted Defence Web (South Africa). The program has suffered development problems with software, fire support manufacture, missile and mortar variant prototypes, technical challenges and financial issues, the website said. In addition, ongoing defense budget cuts have left the army without the resources to fulfill its mandate, including buying Badgers to replace aging Ratel armored vehicles. The South African army is scheduled to receive the first of 244 vehicles in 2022. This was originally the target date for final delivery of all the vehicles.



Brazil—Air Force Takes Delivery Of 1st KC-390 Transport Embraer Inc. | 09/09/2019 The Brazilian air force has received its first domestically designed and built KC-390 multimission transport aircraft, reports Embraer, the manufacturer. The aircraft was handed over on Sept. 4 during a ceremony at Anapolis Air Base in Goias state. It the first of 28 KC-390s ordered by the service in 2018, the company said. The ceremony was attended by President Jair Bolsonaro as well as Defense Minister Fernando Azevedoe Silva, air force chief Lt. Brig. Antonio Carlos Moretti Bermudez, the president of Embraer and other dignitaries, reported the Brazilian Ministry of Defense. Preparations are underway for the transport to join the 1st Troop Transport Group. The initial aircraft will be based with Wing 2 at Anapolis Air Base, the ministry said. Brazilian KC-390s will perform a variety of missions, including logistical air transport; in-flight refueling; air evacuation; search-and-rescue; humanitarian aid; and firefighting.

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