Wednesday, September 4, 2019

TheList 5087



The List 5087 TGB


To All,


A bit of history and some tidbits. This is a Bubba Breakfast Friday in San Diego A mini Tailhook.


Regards,


Skip

Today in Naval History September 3


1804 The ketch USS Intrepid, outfitted with a large explosive charge to destroy the enemy fleet in Tripoli harbor, is apparently intercepted while entering the harbor and is destroyed in a violent explosion. Lt. Richard Somers, commanding USS Intrepid, and his dozen volunteer officers and men perish in the mission.


1941 The German submarine U-652 attacks the destroyer USS Greer (DD 145), which is tracking the submarine southeast of Iceland. Though the destroyer is not damaged in the attack, USS Greers depth charges damage U-652. The attack leads President Franklin D. Roosevelt to issue his shoot-on-sight order, directing the Navy to attack any ship threatening U.S. shipping or foreign shipping under escort.


1954 The icebreakers USS Burton Island (AGB 1) and USCGC Northwind complete the first transit of Northwest Passage through the McClure Strait.


1954 A P2V-5 Neptune from VP-19 is attacked by two Soviet MiG-15s and crashes in the Sea of Japan, 40 miles off the coast of Siberia. One crewman is lost and the other nine are rescued by a USAF SA-16 amphibian.


1960 USS Bushnell (AS 15) and USS Penguin (ASR 12) begin relief operations in Marathon, Fla., after Hurricane Donna.








Executive Summary:


• USNI News reports that the Navy and Marine Corps have prepared ships and aircraft to sortie from Hampton Roads and have started evacuation low-lying areas of Florida, Georgia and South Carolina in preparation for Hurricane Dorian.


• The New York Times reports that the Pentagon will delay or suspend 127 military construction projects in order to divert $3.6 billion to President Trump's border wall.


• USNI News reported on the opening of 5 Regional Tech Bridge Hubs as the Navy expands its NavalX innovation support office.





Today in History





September 4



1260





At the Battle of Montaperto in Italy, the Tuscan Ghibellines, who support the emperor, defeat the Florentine Guelfs, who support papal power.



1479





After four years of war, Spain agrees to allow a Portuguese monopoly of trade along Africa's west coast and Portugal acknowledges Spain's rights in the Canary Islands.



1781





Los Angeles, first an Indian village Yangma, is founded by Spanish decree.



1787





Louis XVI of France recalls parliament.



1790





Jacques Necker is forced to resign as finance minister in France.



1804





USS Intrepid explodes while entering Tripoli harbor on a mission to destroy the enemy fleet there during the First Barbary War.



1820





Czar Alexander declares that Russian influence in North America extends as far south as Oregon and closes Alaskan waters to foreigners.



1862





Robert E. Lee's Confederate army invades Maryland, starting the Antietam Campaign.



1870





A republic is proclaimed in Paris and a government of national defense is formed.



1881





The Edison electric lighting system goes into operation as a generator serving 85 paying customers is switched on.



1886





Elusive Apache leader Geronimosurrenders to General Nelson A. Miles at Skeleton Canyon, Ariz.



1893





Beatrix Potter sends a note to her governess' son with the first drawing of Peter Rabbit, Cottontail and others. The Tale of Petter Rabbit is published eight years later.



1915





The U.S. military places Haiti under martial law to quell a rebellion in its capital Port-au-Prince.



1941





German submarine U-652 fires at the U.S. destroyer Greer off Iceland, beginning an undeclared shooting war.



1942





Soviet planes bomb Budapest in the war's first air raid on the Hungarian capital.



1943





Allied troops capture Lae-Salamaua, in New Guinea.



1944





British troops liberate Antwerp, Belgium.



1945





The American flag is raised on Wake Island after surrender ceremonies there.



1951





The first transcontinental television broadcast in America is carried by 94 stations.



1957





Arkansas governor Orval Faubus calls out the National Guard to bar African-American students from entering a Little Rock high school.



1967





Operation Swift begins as US Marines engage North Vietnamese Army troops in Que Son Valley.



1972





Mark Spitz becomes first Olympic competitor to win 7 medals during a single Olympics Games.



1975





Sinai II Agreement between Egypt and Israel pledges that conflicts between the two countries "shall not be resolved by military force but by peaceful means."



1998





Google founded by Stanford University students Larry Page and Sergey Brin.






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From "the Turtle" to 9/11


by W. Thomas Smith Jr.


09/07/2010





This Week in American Military History:


Sept. 7, 1776: Just before dawn, an odd-looking barrel-shaped craft silently makes its way down the Hudson River from Manhattan toward a British warship, HMS Eagle, anchored in New York Harbor.


The craft, designed by Yale graduate David Bushnell and christened "Turtle," is piloted by a Continental Army sergeant who is hand-cranking two screws for propulsion. As the Turtle nears its target, the pilot opens a valve allowing enough water into a small ballast tank, increasing the weight of the craft and causing it to slip beneath the surface. Maneuvering underwater, the pilot positions his craft below the Eagle then attempts to bore a hole through the enemy hull.


If everything goes according to plan, a timed explosive-device is to be placed into the hole. The device will then detonate after the Turtle makes its escape.


The operation, however, will not be successful, as the pilot will be unable to drill through a layer of copper sheathing on the enemy hull. But the bold attempt will go down in history as one of America's great Naval milestones.


Bushnell's Turtle is not the first functional submarine in history (Dutch inventor Cornelius Drebbel's "underwater boat" successfully navigated a portion of England's Thames River in 1623). But the Turtle is the first–ever submarine to be used as an attack platform in combat.





Sept. 8, 1781: Continental Army forces under the command of Maj. Gen.


Nathaniel Greene clash with British forces under Lt. Col. Alexander Stewart in the Battle of Eutaw Springs (S.C.).


Which of the two armies will actually gain the tactical advantage will be debated into the 21st century. But it will in fact prove to be a strategic victory for the Continentals as the British – bloodied, though not quite as severely as the Continentals – will be forced to abandon much of their previously gained ground in the South.





Sept. 9, 1776: The United Colonies are renamed the United States.





Sept. 9, 1943: American and British forces begin hitting the beaches at Salerno, Italy in Operation Avalanche.


One U.S. sailor describing the landings will say: "German planes would come out of the sun and strafe the beaches … The German pilots [were] almost at eye level as they went up the beaches. If you were caught in the open, all you could do was to fall on your face and pray. There was no cover."





Sept. 11, 1777: British forces under the command of Gen. William Howe decisively defeat Continental forces under Gen. George Washington during the Battle of the Brandywine. Though a British victory, Howe is stunned by the tenacity and resistance of his American foe.





Sept. 11, 1814: American forces under the command of U.S. Army Brig. Gen.


Alexander Macomb and U.S. Navy Capt. Thomas MacDonough decisively defeat British forces "on land and lake" in the Battle of Plattsburgh (also known as the Battle of Lake Champlain) during the War of 1812.





Sept. 11, 2001: Islamist terrorists inspired and led by Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden hijack and crash two commercial airliners into the World Trade Center. A third slams into the Pentagon. A fourth crashes into the Pennsylvania countryside during a brave attempt by American passengers to retake the aircraft.





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Thanks to Micro on the F-35 piece


Skip:


The wording associated with the USS Wasp and the F-35B was first sent around in emails in 2011. That's how "fresh" the video is. It was made during the first Developmental Testing aboard ship in October 2011. The second Developmental testing phase, which included the first night launches and recoveries, as well as the first landings by a British squadron leader, was completed in 2013. Operational testing by the Marine Corps was done in 2015.


So, none of the gee whiz videos of the F-35B are anything new.


Regarding the tail hook: I'm not an expert; however, the B appears not to have a hook of any kind. After all, the entire aft section of the engine with nozzle rotates down 90 degrees. Under that part of the engine is where one would normally attach a hook, so there's no place for one there. Even so, I reserve the right to shut my mouth if someone knows for sure.


There are many flaws, IMHO, but the biggest ones are that the A model is the only one that has an internal gun. I thought we learned that lesson 50 years ago. Yes, the B and C can carry an external gun pod. We learned that stupid lesson about 60 years ago. They are incredibly inaccurate and unreliable because there is simply no way to attach them solidly enough to hold them in place while firing or to keep them boresighted.


The other main problems I see are loading the airplane with gee whiz technology so that one person can supposedly do all the jobs with no help at all. We learned that lesson over 60 years ago. Somehow, someone signed off on putting the necessary displays into the helmet so that, if it fails anywhere along the line (including coming unplugged or having combat damage or being dropped on the flight deck, or functioning as a helmet to protect a head against shock, etc.), all that capability goes out the window. We learned that lesson 50 years ago. During BIS Trials on the F-14, I wrote an "Avoid in Future Design" Yellow Sheet that said never run a lot of equipment through a single point of failure such that when that single point does fail it has the same impact as simultaneously losing multiple pieces of equipment. In that instance, it was the Computer Signal Data Converter (CSDC) where all the digital multiplexing, analog-to-digital translations, and analog-to-analog data passed through. When it failed, virtually all of the flight instruments and all navigation capability failed simultaneously.


George Santayana was right.


Micro


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Thanks to Dr. Rich


Washington Post X-15 story


https://www.washingtonpost.com/history/2019/08/29/smithsonians-legendary-rocket-plane-heads-storage-during-renovations/
Gone to storage for 4 Years?


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Thanks to Dutch


Why Everything They Say About the Amazon, Including That It's The 'Lungs Of The World,' Is Wrong


From the net, courtesy of JC …More MEDIA misrepresentations about the environment, this time the Amazon fires...



https://www.forbes.com/sites/michaelshellenberger/2019/08/26/why-everything-they-say-about-the-amazon-including-that-its-the-lungs-of-the-world-is-wrong/



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Thanks to Bart


Subject: Soaring Valor - 2015





With a hero's welcome, the Gary Sinise Foundation brought WWII veterans and their guardians to The National WWII Museum in New Orleans. One-of-a-kind experience that included a tour of this incredible museum, as well as entertainment, celebratory meals and an opportunity for community with their fellow veterans. Watch the amazing 7-minute video here:






https://www.youtube.com/embe
d/l3P15s4zWN





My son worked for him on his TV series for a number of seasons and had nothing but praise for him as a supporter of this country and its Veterans.


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Thanks to Richard


Long, but interesting.

Begin forwarded message:



Subject: Fw: F-117A SKUNK WORKS STORY, First Flight Chief Test Pilot, Hal Farley.- FU...





Subject: F-117A SKUNK WORKS STORY, First Flight Chief Test Pilot, Hal Farley.- FU...





https://youtu.be/slYAVymZ99M





Very interesting. This is a good video. Interesting story of developing the F-117 with some good bits of aviation history dropped in.





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Thanks to Dutch


9/4/19 7:35 AM


USNA-At-Large






NEWS FROM VARIOUS SOURCES






We Were Well-Trained Once, and Young


https://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/2019/september/we-were-well-trained-once-and-young?utm_source=U.S.+Naval+Institute&utm_campaign=168bd933f2-Proceedings_Editor_EMAIL_2019_9_3&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_adee2c2162-168bd933f2-223030589&mc_cid=168bd933f2&mc_eid=d3db1b4b00


Believing advanced technology can make up for a lack of intense and realistic aircrew training is a serious conceptual failure.






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Thanks to Dutch


China steals U.S. technology in quest to dominate world


Excerpts from "Deceiving the Sky: Inside Communist China's Drive for Global Supremacy" (Encounter, September 2019), a book published Tuesday by The Washington Times veteran national security reporter and "Inside the Ring" columnist Bill Gertz.


'Hey there, do you sell the 'Poisonivy Program'? How much do you sell it for? i wish to buy one which can not be detect and killed by the Anti-Virus software."


The email was sent to a Chinese cyber security company from a military officer in a special part of China's People's Liberation Army intelligence service, formally known as the Third Department of the General Staff Department.


American intelligence officials know the spy service simply as 3PLA, and it has been one of Communist China's most successful tools for stealing American military technology through cyber means. A second Chinese military intelligence gathering arm is called the Second Department of the General Staff Department, or 2PLA. The Fourth Department, or 4PLA, conducts both electronic spying and electronic warfare.


Together the PLA intelligence units have placed China at the forefront of the most significant foreign intelligence threat to American security. All three cooperate closely in stealing a broad array of secrets from the United States. If the information is in digital form, the Chinese steal it.


PoisonIvy is well known in international hacker circles as the favored software of the PLA. It is a remote access tool (RAT) and, while not the most advanced software on the international hacker black market, would turn out to be an extraordinarily effective cyber intelligence-gathering weapon for 3PLA.


The reason PoisonIvy is so widely used is simple: All computers and networks using Microsoft Windows operating systems are easy prey. Once inside, the malware allows remote key logging, screen capturing, video capturing, massive transfers of files, password theft, system administration access, internet and data traffic relaying and more.


The email from the 3PLA officer seeking PoisonIvy cyber-spying software had been intercepted by the National Security Agency and would eventually lead to the arrest and conviction of a major Chinese cyber espionage actor named Su Bin, aka Stephen Su. The case of Su Bin would reveal for the first time


the Chinese military's relentless drive to steal American weapons know-how from defense contractors such as Boeing to build up its forces for the ultimate defeat of "American imperialism" — the term used by China in many of its internal communications to describe the Communist Party of China's main enemy, the United States.


Military intelligence organizations are strategic players in the Chinese goal of achieving information dominance — the first step in laying waste to the main enemy in both peacetime and war and paving the way forward to achieving global supremacy.


Until 2016 and the advent of the Trump presidency, details about Chinese cyberattacks and the organizations behind them were tightly held secrets. Successive U.S. administrations since the 1990s sought to cover up and hide nefarious Chinese intelligence activities as part of rigid policies designed to appease Beijing.


It was through such feckless, defeatist policies that the United States theorized that conciliation and engagement would lead the Party rulers and their military henchmen away from communism and toward democracy and free markets. Instead, a hated Communist Party regime was not only perpetuated but strengthened at the expense of America's most precious intellectual resources.


In spring 2018, the Trump administration took an unprecedented step and, for the first time, exposed the activities of one of China's most important spymasters, PLA Major General Liu Xiaobei. Gen. Liu for many years headed 3PLA.


In late 2015, 3PLA was subsumed into a service-level military organization known as the Strategic Support Force and became the main component of a new unit called the Cyber Corps. The Cyber Corps is one of the PLA's most secret units and is staffed by as many as 100,000 hackers, language specialists and analysts at its headquarters in the Haidian District of Beijing. Branch units are located in Shanghai, Qingdao, Sanya, Chengdu and Guangzhou.


Beginning in the 1990s, the Chinese used large-scale cyberattacks in support of a larger industrial policy of building up the country's science and technology business and military sector. 3PLA is China's most aggressive technology collector by far, with at least 19 confirmed and nine possible cyber units under its command. The CIA identified Gen. Liu in a 2014 report as an encryption specialist and director of the Technical Reconnaissance Bureau, another term for 3PLA.


The general appeared in a 2013 PLA propaganda video called "Silent Contest," which described the United States as the main target of Chinese cyberattacks, based on the country being the birthplace of the internet and having the ability to control its core resources.


A U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) report on Chinese technology theft provided some of the first clear evidence of the massive damage caused by cybereconomic spying attacks. Chinese unfair trade practices and Beijing's intellectual property theft, according to the report, cost Americans a staggering $225 billion to $600 billion annually in lost information.


The case of Su Bin provides one of the clearest examples of how that theft occurs. Mr. Su was the owner of a company based in China and Canada called Beijing Lode Technology Company Ltd., an aviation and space technology supply firm with clients in China and around the world, including the United States.


The email dated July 23, 2008, from the PLA officer marked the beginning of a series of events that ultimately led the U.S. government to expose part of China's hugely successful campaign of cyber theft operations — the most massive transfer of American wealth through cyberattacks in U.S. history.


That technology theft ranged from extremely valuable government information to the pillaging of proprietary electronic data on some of the most strategic weapons systems — all obtained covertly from the small group of American defense contractors, including Boeing and Lockheed, who built and maintained cutting-edge aircraft, warships and other military hardware that made the United States the most powerful nation on earth. China significantly undermined the United States' standing as the world's premier military power by funneling this stolen military intelligence into the PLA for use in its massive arms modernization program.


On October 24, 2009, a day after receiving a contract, Mr. Su returned the signed document in an email to the 3PLA officer. Over the next five months Mr. Su and the two PLA officers directed a team of hackers operating in China, who began targeting specific employees with access to computer networks at the Boeing C-17 assembly plant in Long Beach, California.


The Chinese used emails with fraudulent email sender addresses that were carefully crafted to masquerade as someone known to the recipient. The objective was to have the person click on an innocuous computer link that would automatically download malicious Chinese hacking software. The practice is called "spear phishing," or just phishing, and is a tactic mastered by the Chinese.


Sometime between December 2009 and January 2010, the Chinese hacking operation hit pay dirt. Mr. Su was able to gather details of several Boeing executives, and within a few months the hackers had stolen 85,000 files on the C-17 aircraft from Boeing.


An intercepted email to higher-ups in the PLA outlined the operations in detail. It outlined the successful exfiltration of C-17 secrets between two other PLA officers and one other member of the hacking team — probably a civilian hacker working as a contractor. The report expressed the elation the hackers experienced from stealing the crown jewels of a development project that had cost American taxpayers around $40 billion to develop from the 1980s to the 1990s. Ultimately, 280 C-17 aircraft were built at an average cost of $202 million apiece.


For the Chinese, the operation to steal the vital secrets was an intelligence coup of extraordinary magnitude. Not only did Chinese aircraft manufacturers save billions of dollars in development costs, but those companies quickly incorporated the secrets in a new PLA transport, Y-20, that cost a mere 2.7 million RMB, or $393,201.98 for the entire cyber-spying operation.


The PLA summary of the operation read in part: "… Thorough planning, meticulous preparations, seizing opportunity, [we] initiated all human and material preparations for the reconnaissance in the beginning of 2009. After a few months' hard work and untiring efforts, through internal coordination [we] for the first time broke through the internal network of the Boeing Company in January of 2010. Currently, we have discovered in its internal network 18 domains and about 10,000 machines.


"From breaking into its internal network to obtaining intelligence, we repeatedly skipped around in its internal network to make it harder to detect reconnaissance, and we also skipped around at suitable times in countries outside the U.S. In the process of skipping, we were supported by a prodigious quantity of tools, routes, and servers, which also ensured the smooth landing of intelligence data.


"... We made appropriate investment and reaped enormous achievement. Through our reconnaissance on the C-17 strategic transport aircraft, we obtained files amounting to 65G [gigabytes]. Of these, there were 630,000 files and 85,000 file folders, containing the scans of C-17 strategic transport aircraft drawings, revisions, and group signatures, etc. The drawings include the aircraft front, middle, and back; wings; horizontal stabilizer; rudder; and engine pylon. The contents include assembly drawings, parts and spare parts. Some of the drawings contain measurement and allowance, as well as details of different pipelines, electric cable wiring, and equipment installation.


"Additionally, there were flight tests documents. This set of documents contains detailed contents, and the file system is clear and detailed, considered topfl ight drawings by experts! This project took one year and 2.7 million RMB to execute, showing cost effectiveness and enormous achievement. This reconnaissance job, because of the sufficient preparations, meticulous planning, has accrued rich experience for our work in future. We are confident and able … to complete new mission."


The PLA report was made public in court documents from the Su Bin case after his arrest — five years after the PLA stole Boeing's secrets.


Less than a decade after the Boeing C-17 data heist, the Chinese were busy showing off their version of the aircraft, the Xian Y-20 heavy transport, a jet that not surprisingly looked almost identical to the C-17 when it was showcased in November 2018 at the Zhuhai International Air Show. Chinese propaganda outlets bragged that the Y-20 "made China the third country after Russia and the US to design and develop its own heavy military transport aircraft." The first prototypes were built in 2013 — three years after the Boeing hack.


Michelle Van Cleave, a former highranking US counterintelligence official within the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, said the Su prosecution was a success. But the case did little to stem the torrent of secrets flowing out of American computer networks and represented but "a drop in a bucket that keeps getting bigger every year."


"The Chinese have a sophisticated network of tens of thousands of human spies and computer hackers targeting American military and technological secrets," Ms. Van Cleave said. "What they can't acquire legally through trade, or creatively through mergers and acquisitions, they are prepared to steal. And it's getting harder all the time to stop them."







Copyright (c) 2019 Washington Times , Edition 9/4/2019


Powered by TECNAVIA





More from "Deceiving the Sky" by Bill Gertz –


https://freebeacon.com/national-security/influence-power-how-china-covertly-operates-in-the-u-s/?utm_source=Freedom+Mail&utm_campaign=378ad3e08e-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_09_03_08_15_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_b5e6e0e9ea-378ad3e08e-45984537





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Thanks to Mud


Thoughts for the Day


The third one down brought a smile.





IF MY BODY IS EVER FOUND ON A JOGGING TRAIL JUST KNOW THAT I WAS MURDERED SOMEWHERE ELSE AND DUMPED THERE.






RESPECT YOUR ELDERS. THEY GRADUATED FROM SCHOOL WITHOUT THE INTERNET






I'VE DECIDED I'M NOT OLD, I'M 25 -- PLUS SHIPPING AND HANDLING.






WHY DO I HAVE TO PRESS "1" FOR ENGLISH, DID AMERICA MOVE?






WE HAVE ENOUGH GUN CONTROL. WHAT WE NEED IS IDIOT CONTROL.






BEHIND EVERY ANGRY WOMAN STANDS A MAN WHO HAS ABSOLUTELY NO IDEA WHAT HE DID WRONG.






LET'S STOP SENDING MONEY TO OTHER COUNTRIES AND LET THEM HATE US FOR FREE.






VEGETARIAN: ANCIENT TRIBAL NAME FOR THE VILLAGE IDIOT WHO CANT HUNT, FISH,OR LIGHT FIRES!






I LOOK AT PEOPLE AND SOMETIMES THINK "REALLY -- THAT'S THE SPERM THAT WON.






IN MY DEFENSE I WAS LEFT UNSUPERVISED.






IF GUNS KILL PEOPLE, THEN PENCILS MISSPELL WORDS, CARS MAKE PEOPLE DRIVE DRUNK, AND SPOONS MAKE PEOPLE FAT.






MY DECISION-MAKING SKILLS CLOSELY RESEMBLE THOSE OF A SQUIRREL WHEN CROSSING THE ROAD.






SOME THINGS ARE JUST BETTER LEFT UNSAID -- AND I USUALLY REALIZE IT RIGHT AFTER I SAY THEM.






WE OWE ILLEGALS NOTHING -- WE OWE OUR VETERANS EVERYTHING.






CAMPING: WHERE YOU SPEND A SMALL FORTUNE TO LIVE LIKE A HOMELESS PERSON.






I THOUGHT GETTING OLD WOULD TAKE LONGER.






A WISE MAN ONCE SAID - - NOTHING.


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Daily news from Military Periscope fo 4 September


USA—Esper Agree To Shift $3.6 Billion From Construction Projects To Border Wall Washington Post | 09/04/2019 Defense Secretary Mark Esper has agreed to repurpose $3.6 billion of the Pentagon budget to fund the construction of a barrier along the border with Mexico, reports the Washington Post. On Tuesday, Esper agreed to move funds from 127 military construction projects to build 175 miles (280 km) of fencing at 11 locations along the border. Some of the projects will improve existing structures while new fencing will be built in other areas. The defense secretary determined that the construction funds were needed to support troops deployed along the southern border under the national emergency declared by Trump in February. The wall construction would help reduce the need for military personnel to be deployed along the border, officials said. The Pentagon is waiting to identify which projects have been cut until lawmakers from the affected districts have been notified, reported Defense News. Family housing, barracks and other contracts for 2020 will not be affected, said Defense Dept. officials. About half of the funds would come from projects in the U.S. and territories, with the rest coming from construction planned in foreign countries. The Pentagon emphasized that the military construction projects were not being cancelled and would not be delayed so long as Congress agreed to re-appropriate monies for them.





USA—In A 1st, Female Air Force Officer Earns Ranger Tab Air Force News Service | 09/04/2019 For the first time, a female Air Force officer has successfully completed the Army Ranger Course and earned the Ranger tab, reports the Air Force News Service. First Lt. Chelsey Hibsch, a former enlisted airman, qualified to attend the Army course through the Air Force's Ranger Assessment Course, and successfully completed all three phases of the Ranger Course, the service said in a release on Monday. The Ranger Course is one of the Army's toughest leadership courses, with a focus on small-unit tactics and combat leadership. It is designed to develop proficiency in leading squad and platoon infantry operations in a variety of challenging conditions. Only about half of those who enter Ranger School graduate. Air Force personnel have been able to attend the Ranger Course since 1955, and approximately 300 have earned the Ranger tab. Hibsch was previously assigned to the 37th Security Forces Squadron at Yokota Air Base, Japan, and will now be assigned to the 821st Contingency Response Support Squadron at Travis AFB, Calif.





Canada—Airbus Officially Quits Fighter Competition Airbus | 09/04/2019 Airbus has formally withdrawn from Canada's fighter competition. On Friday, Airbus announced that it and the U.K. Ministry of Defense had decided not to offer the Eurofighter Typhoon. In a release, Airbus cited the cost of complying with North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) security requirements and changes in industrial technological benefits obligations as the prime factors in its withdrawal. The changes to the industrial benefits package were made to accommodate Lockheed Martin, since the F-35 program, of which Canada is part, forbids partners from imposing industrial benefit requirements, noted the Ottawa Citizen. The withdrawal leaves the Lockheed Martin F-35, Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and Saab Gripen E as the only remaining bidders. Dassault withdrew from the program last year, and Boeing has considered dropping its bid as well, Reuters previously reported. Saab's bid is likely to face the same or greater obstacles as Airbus in complying with NORAD requirements, noted defense-aerospace.com Bids are currently expected to be submitted by 2020, with contract award to follow by early 2022.





Russia—2 Pilots Killed During Training Flight Tass | 09/04/2019 Two Russian pilots have been killed after their Su-25UB strike jet crashed in southwestern Russia, reports the Tass news agency (Moscow). The attack jet went down on Tuesday during a training flight in the Stavropol region, said the defense ministry. Neither pilot was able to eject before impact, it said. The jet failed to complete an acrobatic maneuver and flew into the ground, said a local police source. There were no reports of injuries on the ground. The aircraft was not armed at the time.





China—Hong Kong Leader Withdraws Controversial Bill South China Morning Post | 09/04/2019 Hong Kong executive Carrie Lam has formally withdrawn a controversial bill that has fueled protest across the former British colony, reports the South China Morning Post. On Wednesday, Lam withdrew the extradition bill, which many activists said weakened the island's autonomy under the one country, two systems approach favored by Beijing. In a video statement, Lam said that the protesters' other demands -- including a formal and independent inquiry into allegations of police misconduct -- were unacceptable. Investigations into suspected abuse would be conducted by the existing police watchdog unit. Lam named two new members to the body to assist in the probe. In June, Lam declared the bill "dead" but declined to formally withdraw it from the legislative agenda, leading to concerns that it could be reintroduced and rushed through the approval process, reported CNN. Opposition to the measure morphed into a broader movement demanding more rights for the territory. According to a leaked recording published by Reuters on Monday night, Lam offered to resign in an effort to stymie the protest movement.





South Korea—New Dispute Emerges In Transfer Of Wartime Command From U.S. To Seoul Yonhap | 09/04/2019 A fresh disagreement has emerged as South Korea and the U.S. discuss the transfer of wartime control of South Korean forces to Seoul, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). The allies have been working on transferring operational control of the Combined Forces Command (CFC) from the U.S. to South Korea since 2006, when then-Presidents Roh Moo Hun and George W. Bush agreed that the transfer would occur by 2012, as previously noted by the Korea Times. The handover of command of the CFC, which controls all U.S. and South Korean forces on the peninsula during wartime, to a South Korean general has been repeatedly delayed. The latest dispute is over whether or not the commander of the United Nations Command, which is led by the U.S., can issue orders to the CFC in a crisis. The U.S. supports such input. South Korea views such a setup as undermining its authority. The move is also seen as restricting South Korea's ability to respond in a crisis, since the command favors proportional responses to uphold the armistice, while South Korean policy allows for escalatory countermeasures.





Australia—Stalwart Supply Ship Launched In Spain Australian Dept. Of Defense | 09/04/2019 The Royal Australian Navy's second and final Supply-class replenishment tanker has been launched during a ceremony in Spain, reports the Australian Dept. of Defense. The Stalwart was put into the water on Aug. 30 at Navantia's Ferrol shipyard, reported the Spanish shipbuilder. The Supply class is based on the Spanish navy's Cantabria-class replenishment vessels. The lead ship, Supply, is scheduled to enter service in 2020, with the Stalwart to follow in 2022, reported Jane's Defence Weekly. The vessels are designed to carry fuel, dry cargo, water, food, ammunition, equipment and spare parts. The vessels will replace the replenishment tankers Sirius and Success. The latter was decommissioned at the end of July.





India—Civilian Dies Of Injuries Sustained During Protest In Kashmir Press Trust Of India | 09/04/2019 A civilian has died in India-administered Kashmir from injuries sustained during a protest last month, reports the Press Trust of India. The 18-year-old died on Wednesday after he was injured in an Aug. 6 protest. The death was the first acknowledged civilian fatality since New Delhi announced the revocation of the region's special status on Aug. 5. Army Lt. Gen. K. J. S. Dhillon said that the victim had been hit by a stone during the protest, reported Asian News International. This was the first civilian death in the last 30 days, which the general blamed on terrorists and Pakistani agents. Indian troops and security personnel flooded into the region in order to prevent attacks and protests, which commonly target central government facilities. Portions of the state capital, Srinagar, were locked down in order to prevent protests following the announcement of the death, reported Reuters.





India—Initial Apache Attack Helos Officially Inducted By Air Force Ndtv | 09/04/2019 The Indian air force has officially inducted its first eight AH-64E Apache attack helicopters into service, reports NDTV (India). The helicopters were inducted in a Tuesday ceremony at Pathankot air base in India's northern Punjab state. They are the first of 22 Apaches ordered by India in 2015 for US$1.4 billion, noted the Print (India). The AH-64Es will conduct anti-tank and surgical strike missions, among others, and will provide increased capabilities in high-altitude regions such as Kashmir, service officials said. Another critical capability was the ability to conduct day and night air-to-air missions through the integration of Stinger missiles. The AH-64Es are replacing the air force's aging Russian-built Mi-35 aircraft.





India—Initial Apache Attack Helos Officially Inducted By Air Force Ndtv | 09/04/2019 The Indian air force has officially inducted its first eight AH-64E Apache attack helicopters into service, reports NDTV (India). The helicopters were inducted in a Tuesday ceremony at Pathankot air base in India's northern Punjab state. They are the first of 22 Apaches ordered by India in 2015 for US$1.4 billion, noted the Print (India). The AH-64Es will conduct anti-tank and surgical strike missions, among others, and will provide increased capabilities in high-altitude regions such as Kashmir, service officials said. Another critical capability was the ability to conduct day and night air-to-air missions through the integration of Stinger missiles. The AH-64Es are replacing the air force's aging Russian-built Mi-35 aircraft.





Iran—Tehran Set To Further Reduce Commitment To Nuclear Deal, Rouhani Says Iranian Student News Agency | 09/04/2019 Iran is planning to take another step away from the 2015 Iranian nuclear deal, reports the semi-official Iranian Students' News Agency (ISNA). In a Cabinet meeting on Wednesday, President Hassan Rouhani said that talks are ongoing to rescue parts of the pact but that no breakthroughs have been reached, reported the Tasnim news agency. Iran does not expect European signatories to meet a Sept. 7 deadline to save the deal and will therefore take further actions reducing its commitments under the agreement, reported the semi-official Mehr news agency (Tehran). Tehran will announce details of the planned move on Wednesday or Thursday, said Rouhani. These steps would have "extraordinary" effects, said the president, according to state media cited by Reuters. After failing to reach an agreement with France, Germany and the U.K., Iran increased its enriched uranium stockpile above the 660-pound (300-kg) limit set by the deal. It then announced that it would begin enriching uranium to purity rates above 3.76 percent, the threshold stipulated by the 2015 agreement. Tehran has also reportedly rejected a French offer of US$15 billion credit line through the end of the year in return for adherence to the nuclear accord, according to Iran's state-run Press TV, as cited by Radio Farda.





Iran—Naval Drills Planned With Russia In Indian Ocean, Foreign Minister Says Tass | 09/04/2019 Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has announced that elements of the Russian and Iranian navies planned to hold joint naval drills in the Indian Ocean, reports Russia's Tass news agency. The sides are open to other navies participating in the drills, Zarif said in Moscow on Monday. The exercise will be focused on maintaining regional security and is not aimed at a specific country, he said. Details of when the training might take place were not revealed. Zarif also highlighted Moscow's proposed maritime security plan, which was also announced Monday, although no firm details of the proposal were made available.





Mali—14 Killed When Passenger Bus Hits Explosive Device In Mopti Agence France-Presse | 09/04/2019 At least 14 people have been killed and 24 wounded after a passenger bus hit an explosive device in Mali's central Mopti region, reports Agence France-Presse. The bus was traveling from Douentza in central Mali to the northern town of Gao when it struck the device, said the bus operator. Malian troops nearby were able to assist the survivors, said a police source. The United Nations stabilization force in Mali (MINUSMA) said that some of the wounded were evacuated by helicopter. Seven of the injured were said to be in critical condition, reported Reuters. Jihadist organizations loyal to ISIS and Al-Qaida are active in central Mali, as are numerous ethnic militias.





Nigeria—Airstrikes Kill Scores Of Boko Haram Militants, Says Air Force This Day | 09/04/2019 The Nigerian air force conducted a series of successful airstrikes over the weekend against Boko Haram, killing scores of fighters, reports This Day (Lagos). Two air force Alpha Jets and an L39ZA aircraft struck Boko Haram targets in the Yuwe "C" area of Borno State on Sunday, said a service spokesperson on Monday. The strikes were launched based on human intelligence identifying a settlement as a Boko Haram hideout, which was also confirmed by intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions, the spokesperson said. Also on Sunday, a military convoy in Borno state was ambushed by Boko Haram along the Maiduguri/Monguno highway. Reports indicated that three to eight soldiers were killed, and as many five were missing. Eight soldiers were injured in the clash, the army said. Five military vehicles were also stolen by the insurgents. Reinforcements from Monguno were unable to arrive before the insurgents withdrew, said officials.





Venezuela—Maduro Puts Troops On Alert, Orders Drills Due To Colombia Threat Telesur | 09/04/2019 Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro has placed troops along the border with Colombia and ordered a military exercise along the mutual border in response to a suspected military threat from its neighbor, reports Telesur (Caracas). On Tuesday, Maduro announced the Peace and Sovereignty exercise, which will begin on Sept. 10 and conclude on Sept. 28. The exercise will take place in the in the western states of Zulia, Tachira Apure and Amazonas, which border Colombia. The announcement coincided with the issuing of an orange alert for troops in the region, requiring them to be prepared for a potential attack. Maduro said that intelligence uncovered a Colombian plot to attack Venezuela. Colombia has accused Venezuela of supporting the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) terrorist group, charges that Venezuela denies.





Colombia—4 Soldiers Killed In Suspected Gang Ambush British Broadcasting Corp. | 09/04/2019 Four Colombian soldiers have been killed and two injured in an ambush in northern Colombia, reports BBC News. Suspected gunmen from the Gulf Clan opened fire on the soldiers as they arrived near the town of Caucasia, said the army. Troops were sent to the area in response to fighting between the Gulf Clan and Los Caparrapos, which is trying to gain control of the gold and coca trade in the area. Reinforcements were sent to the area following the ambush. The region is a key transit route for drugs being smuggled out of Colombia.



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