Friday, August 30, 2019

TheList 5084



The List 5084 TGB


To All,

I hope that you all have a great long weekend.

Regards,

Skip

Today in Naval History August 30

1923 USS Colorado (BB 45) is commissioned. Notable during her pre-World War II service, she helps in the search for missing aviator, Amelia Earhart, in 1937. During WWII, USS Colorado serves in the Pacific during World War II and is hit by kamikazes at Leyte in November 1944.

1929 At New London, Conn., 26 men test the Momsen lung to exit an intentionally-bottomed submarine. The device was created by Lt. C.B. Momsen following the failure to save surviving crew members trapped in USS S-4 (SS 109) that sank after a collision with Coast Guard cutter USS Paulding in 1927.

1942 USS Colhoun (APD 2) is sunk by Japanese land attack planes (Kizarazu and Misawa Kokutais) off Lunga Point. Fifty-one crewmembers die. High speed transport USS Little (APD 4) and chartered freighter Kopara emerge undamaged from the attack.

1944 U.S. tanker Jacksonville, steaming in convoy CU-36, is torpedoed by German submarine U-482 while en route to Loch Ewe, Scotland. The gasoline cargo explodes, giving little chance for the 49-man merchant complement or the 29-man Armed Guard to abandon the blazing ship, which breaks in two at the second massive explosion. USS Poole (DE 151) rescues a fireman and one Armed Guard gunner, Jacksonville's only survivors.

1945 Rear Adm. Robert B. Carney and Rear Adm. Oscar C. Badger accept the surrender of Yokosuka Naval Base. The Headquarters of Commander, Third Fleet is then established there. Also on this date, USS San Juan (CL 54) evacuates Allied POWs from Japan.

2007 USS Denver (LPD 9) renders medical assistance to an ailing fisherman on board a Qatari-flagged bow while conducting Maritime Security Operations in the Persian Gulf.



Aug. 31

1842—Congress replaces the Board of Navy Commissioners, a group of senior officers who oversee naval technical affairs, with the five technical Bureaus, ancestors of the Systems Commands. One of the 1842 Bureaus, the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, continues to serve under its original name.

1862—The daily rum issued to US Navy sailors on board vessels is abolished. On July 14, by an Act of Congress, the spirit ration ceases Sept. 1. Secretary of Navy Gideon Welles issues a further order requiring captains of naval vessels to remove all distilled liquors from their ships except those that serve as medical stores.

1911—USS Utah (BB 31) is commissioned. During World War I, she serves in the Atlantic protecting convoys. In 1931, she is converted to a radio-controlled target ship and is redesignated (AG 16). Utah spends the rest of her career in this role, with additional duties as an anti-aircraft gunnery training ship beginning in the mid-1930s. On Dec. 7, 1941, while moored at Pearl Harbor, Utah is hit by a Japanese aerial torpedo attack, rolls over and sinks. A few years later, her hull is partially righted and moved closer to Ford Island, where she remains today.

1942—USS Reid (DD 369) and PBY Catalinas from VP-42 and VP-43 sink Japanese submarine RO-61 off Atka, Aleutians.

1962—The last flight of a Navy airship was made at Naval Air Station, Lakehurst, N.J.

1990—Iraqi merchant vessel, Al Karamah, is boarded by the crew of USS Biddle (CG 34) in the first interception during Operation Desert Shield.

Sept. 1

1800—During the Quasi-War with France, the schooner, USS Experiment, commanded by Lt. Charles Stewart, captures the French privateer "Deux Amix" off Barbuda, West Indies.

1814—The sloop-of-war, USS Wasp, commanded by Johnston Blakely, sinks the British brig sloop, HMS Avon, south of Ireland.

1925—Cmdr. John Rodgers and a crew of four in a PN-9 aircraft run out of fuel on the first San Francisco to Hawaii flight. Landing at sea, they rig a sail and set sail for Hawaii. On Sept. 10, they are rescued by the submarine USS R-4, 10 miles from Kaui, then Territory of Hawaii.

1941—The United States assumed responsibility for Trans-Atlantic convoys from Argentia, Newfoundland, to the meridian of Iceland.

1942—The United States Naval Air Force, Pacific Fleet is established. Vice Adm. Aubrey W. Fitch assumes duties of this administrative command that replaces the commands Carriers, Pacific Fleet and Patrol Wings, Pacific Fleet.

1942—The first Seabee unit to serve in a combat area, the Sixth Naval Construction Battalion, arrives on Guadalcanal.

1942—PBY Catalina aircraft from VP-73 bomb and sink German submarine U-756 southwest of Iceland.





Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

• Surface and aviation units in Mayport have been ordered to sortie as Hurricane Dorian is forecasted to hit Florida's coast over the weekend.

• USNI News reported on the efforts to finalize a multi-billion-dollar deal to build the Block V Virginia-class fast-attack submarines.

• The New York Times reports that Iran's leadership has signaled a potential willingness to negotiate with the United States.





Today in History August 30



1617

Rosa de Lima of Peru becomes the first American saint to be canonized.


1721

The Peace of Nystad ends the Second Northern War between Sweden and Russia, giving Russia considerably more power in the Baltic region.


1781

The French fleet arrives in the Chesapeake Bay to aid the American Revolution.


1813

Creek Indians massacre over 500 whites at Fort Mims, Alabama.


1860

The first British tramway is inaugurated at Birkenhead by an American, George Francis Train.


1861

Union General John Fremont declares martial law throughout Missouri and makes his own emancipation proclamation to free slaves in the state. President Lincoln overrules the general.


1892

The Moravia, a passenger ship arriving from Germany, brings cholera to the United States.


1932

Nazi leader Hermann Goering is elected president of the Reichstag.


1944

Ploesti, the center of the Rumanian oil industry, falls to Soviet troops.


1961

President John F. Kennedy appoints General Lucius D. Clay as his personal representative in Berlin.


1963

Hot Line communications link installed between Moscow and Washington, DC.


1967

US Senate confirms Thurgood Marshall as first African-American Supreme Court justice.


1976

Tom Brokaw becomes news anchor of Today Show.


1979

First recorded instance of a comet (Howard-Koomur-Michels) hitting the sun; the energy released is equal to approximately 1 million hydrogen bombs.


1982

Yasser Arafat, leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) forced out of Lebanon after 10 years in Beirut during Lebanese Civil War.


1983

Lieutenant Colonel Guion S. Bluford, Jr., becomes the first African-American astronaut to travel in space.


1986

KGB arrests journalist Nicholas Daniloff (US News World Report) on a charge of spying and hold him for 13 days.


1983

Eiffel Tower welcomes its 150 millionth visitor, 33-year-old Parisian Jacqueline Martinez.




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Thanks to NHHC

On Sept. 2, 1944, 75 years ago, USS Finback rescued Lt. j.g. George H.W. Bush of Torpedo Squadron Fifty One(VT-51). While encountering intense antiaircraft fire, the future 41st President of the United States and naval aviatorwas flying one of four aircraft from VT-51 that attacked Japanese installations on Chi Chi Jima on that day during World War II. Bush's aircraft was hit, and his engine caught on fire, but he managed to complete the mission, releasing bombs over his target scoring several damaging hits. Bush then flew several miles from the island—engine ablaze—where he and one other crewmember bailed out of the aircraft. Unfortunately, the other man's chute did not open, and he fell to his death. Radioman Second Class John Delaney and Lt. j.g. William White, who substituted for Bush's regular gunner, were killed in action. It is not known which one had the failed chute. Bush, the lone survivor, waited four hours in an inflated raft until Finback rescued him.



This week's webpage of the week is new to NHHC's communities page. Naval special warfare operators trace their roots to scouts and raiders, naval combat demolition units, swimmers, underwater demolition teams, and motor torpedo boat squadrons of World War II. It was not until January 1962, in response to President John F. Kennedy's desire for the services to develop unconventional warfare, that the U.S. Navy established SEAL (Sea, Air, Land) Teams ONE and TWO. From Capt. Phil H. Bucklew to Medal of Honor recipient MA2 Michael Monsoor, naval special warfare operators provide a unique skill set to the Navy. On this page, read a short history about those once known as "frogmen," and click on the links to notable people, artifacts, articles, resources and selected imagery.



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Thanks to Ed

RS: Eastern Solomons- Year of the Carrier series (5)

RememberedSky readers -

Part 13 on the Battle of the Eastern Solomons is now complete in 3 parts as listed below. In the concluding analysis Part #3, I think you can begin to see the issues that are similar to today's western Pacific environment.


A reminder as to the focus of this series as presented in the series introduction:



The current Chinese two island chain defense of the South China Sea is at least discussable as not so different from the Japanese approach related to establishing its Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, wherein the attacks on Pearl Harbor and Midway focused on elimination of the United States as a strategic power in the Pacific, were an element of that overall strategy.

This series presents for consideration a review of that first year of WW II in the Pacific and the emergence of aircraft carrier warfare as provoking thought on operations in an island chain context.

The intent then has never been to try and tell the whole story of the carriers in the Pacific in 1942, but rather to extract considered points from multiple respected sources as discussion points in the comparison of the time frames.



1942- The Year of the Aircraft Carrier; Part 13 – Guadalcanal - Battle of the Eastern Solomons
[http://rememberedsky.com/?cat=50]



Blindman's Bluff



Blindman's Bluff (2) – Incoming



Blindman's Bluff (3) – An Empty Sea



Thanks for your consideration



Ed



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Thanks to Carl



The Senate's Unremembered Ex-POW - The American Spectator

Jeremiah Denton died in 2014 at the age of 89. He was buried with full military honors at Arlington National Cemetery. His funeral did not preempt television coverage of soap-operas, sitcoms, or sporting events. His pallbearers did not include Warren Beatty, but no one, obscure or famous, was told not to attend the ceremony.



https://spectator.org/the-senates-unremembered-ex-pow/

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Thanks to Carl

USMC Sniper Carlos Hathcock's First Rifle, Stevens Model 15-A

(A true sniper legend! His kills were not easy! He might spend days stalking and "hunting" one specific target in the jungle! It was NOT an urban environment! As with most history associated with Vietnam, he did not receive the recognition he deserved! A real hero! Emphasis added below.)



https://www.ammoland.com/2019/08/usmc-sniper-carlos-hathcocks-first-rifle-stevens-model-15-a/?utm_source=Ammoland+Subscribers&utm_campaign=9d676f4a7a-RSS_EMAIL_CAMPAIGN&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_6f6fac3eaa-9d676f4a7a-21287923#axzz5y3J6AZJK



USMC Sniper Carlos Hathcock's First Rifle, Stevens Model 15-A

Ammoland Inc. Posted on August 28, 2019



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thanks to Ben and Dutch



Wal-Mart vs. 535 Morons



1. Americans spend $36,000,000 at Wal-Mart Every hour of every day.



2. This works out to $20,928 profit every minute!



3. Wal-Mart will sell more from January 1 to St. Patrick's Day (March 17th) than Target sells all year.



4. Wal-Mart is bigger than Home Depot + Kroger + Target +Sears + Costco + K-Mart combined.



5. Wal-Mart employs 1.6 million people, is the world's largest private employer and most speak English.



6. Wal-Mart is the largest company in the history of the world.



7. Wal-Mart now sells more food than Kroger and Safeway combined, and keep in mind they did this in only fifteen years.



8. During this same period, 31 big supermarket chains sought bankruptcy.



9. Wal-Mart now sells more food than any other store in the world.



10. Wal-Mart has approx 3,900 stores in the USA of which 1,906 are Super Centers; this is 1,000 more than it had five years ago.



11. This year 7.2 billion different purchasing experiences will occur at Wal-Mart stores. (Earth's population is approximately 6.5 Billion.)



12. 90% of all Americans live within fifteen miles of a Wal-Mart.



You may think that I am complaining, but I am really laying the groundwork for suggesting that MAYBE we should hire the guys who run Wal-Mart to fix the economy.



This should be read and understood by all Americans… Democrats, Republicans, EVERYONE!!



To the 535 voting members of the Legislature:



It is now official that the majority of you are corrupt morons:



a. The U.S. Postal Service was established in 1775. You have had 244 years to get it right and it is broke.



b. Social Security was established in 1935. You have had 84 years to get it right and it is broke.



c. Fannie Mae was established in 1938. You have had 81 years to get it right, and it is broke.



d. War on Poverty started in 1964. You have had 55 years to get it right; $1 trillion of our money is confiscated each year and transferred to "the poor" and they only want more.



e. Medicare and Medicaid were established in 1965. You have had 54 years to get it right and they are broke.



f. Freddie Mac was established in 1970. You have had 49 years to get it right, and it is broke.



You have FAILED in every "government service" you have shoved down our throats, while overspending our tax dollars.



Folks, keep this circulating. It is very well stated. Maybe it will end up in the e-mails of some of our "duly elected' (they never read anything) and their staff will clue them in on how Americans feel.



AND



I know what's wrong. We have lost our minds to "Political Correctness"!



Someone please tell me what the HELL's wrong with all the people that run this country!



We're "broke" & can't help our own Seniors, Veterans, Orphans, Homeless, etc.



In the last few months we have provided aid to Haiti, Chile, and Turkey, and now Pakistan previous home of bin Laden. Literally, BILLIONS of DOLLARS!!! (And you can't agree to a simple $5B for a wall to help keep us safe?!)



Our retired seniors living on a 'fixed income' receive no aid nor do they get any breaks.



AMERICA: a country where we have homeless without shelter, children going to bed hungry, elderly going without 'needed' meds, and mentally ill without treatment - etc, etc.



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Thanks to Mud

What a moving video! I remember it well.

I doubt that there was anything a lone Secret Service agent could have done when the president was virtually a single figure standing out in a crowd like that.



S/F,



- Mud

This is very good.

Most people are not aware that a secret service guy dressed as an umpire the night President Bush threw out the pitch during the 2001 World Series at Yankee Stadium. Great story!! I'm surprised that none of the media ever picked up on the "stranger" in the umpire's uniform.

Remember this was just after 9/11.

This is our country at one of its lowest and finest moments. If you don't do anything else today, check this out. it's great !!!

http://www.youtube.com/embed/bxR1tZ08FcI?rel=0





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USA—Space Command Activated In White House Ceremony Cable News Network | 08/30/2019 President Donald Trump presided over a ceremony marking the formal establishment of U.S. Space Command on Thursday, reports CNN. Secretary of Defense Mark Esper signed the order establishing the command during the ceremony, reported Defense News. The command will initially have a staff of 287 people and be led by Air Force Gen. Jay Raymond. The general will remain dual-hatted as the commander of Space Command and Air Force Space Command, said a Pentagon release. In addition to components from the four armed services, Space Command will receive contributions from Combined Forces Space Component Command and Joint Task Force for Space Defense. A final location has yet to be determined. The Air Force has identified four locations in Colorado, plus one each in Alabama and California, as potential sites. In a White House speech celebrating the command's establishment, President Trump continued to push for Space Force, a separate service focused on space, which he said had received broad support and would be established soon. The proposed service has not yet received the necessary congressional authorization.



USA—Trump Anticipates Keeping 8,600 Troops In Afghanistan Fox News | 08/30/2019 President Donald Trump says he plans to reduce the number of U.S. troops would in Afghanistan to about 8,600, reports Fox News. Negotiators are working on U.S. troop reductions in Afghanistan, but current plans call for maintaining 8,600 personnel in the country, Trump said in an interview. There are now around 14,000 American troops in Afghanistan, advising local security forces and conducting counterterrorism missions. Additional reductions will be based on the situation, the president said.



USA—New Residency Definitions Mean Some Children Born To Servicemembers Overseas Will Not Automatically Be Citizens Military Times | 08/30/2019 U.S. Citizenship and Immigrant Services will no longer grant automatic citizenship to the children of some U.S. servicemembers and government employees if they are born or adopted overseas, reports the Military Times. Previously, military personnel stationed overseas were considered to be "residing in the U.S." and therefore their children automatically acquired U.S. citizenship at birth, reported Task & Purpose. This is no longer the case. Under the policy, which enters effect on Oct. 29, children born abroad to parents who have never lived in the U.S.; children of couples including one non-U.S. citizen; children of non-citizens serving in the military; and non-citizen children adopted by U.S. citizens are not considered to be residing in the U.S. and must apply for citizenship. On Tuesday, USCIS clarified that its data indicated that the new residency requirements for the purpose of U.S. citizenship as it applies to children born abroad would affect only 20 to 25 children annually, reported Military.com.



USA—3 Companies To Compete For Army Infantry Squad Vehicle Program Defense News | 08/30/2019 The U.S. Army has chosen three industrial teams to build prototypes to compete for its Infantry Squad Vehicle project, reports Defense News. The competitors are a team of Oshkosh Defense and Flyer Defense; an SAIC and Polaris team; and GM Defense. Each received a $1 million deal for the delivery and testing of two prototypes. The Army plans to select a winner in the second quarter of fiscal 2020 following testing at Aberdeen Test Center, Md., and Fort Bragg, N.C. An initial order for 649 ISVs was approved in February, with an objective requirement for 2,065 vehicles. The ISV program is a supplement and potential replacement for the Ground Mobility Vehicle. The vehicle is intended to provide additional mobility to brigade combat teams via a vehicle that can transport a nine-man squad while being transportable by CH-47 Chinook, UH-60 Black Hawk or low-velocity airdrop. The Oskosh and Flyer Team built the Ground Mobility 1.1 vehicle currently in service, which is based on the Flyer light strike vehicle. GM Defense is offering variants of the Chevrolet Colorado truck based on the ZR2 and ZR2 Bison configurations. Finally, the SAIC-Polaris team is putting forward the DAGOR ultra-light combat vehicle.



European Union—E.U. Eyes Enhanced Maritime Security Coordination Politico Europe | 08/30/2019 European Union member states are evaluating a new maritime security initiative, reports Politico Europe. The project aims to ensure the freedom and security of vessels from growing threats at sea, E.U. foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said on Thursday. Under the initiative, countries would share information and analysis in a voluntary effort intended to improve responses to attacks. The cooperative endeavor would not replace E.U. operations, but would be "an additional tool," Mogherini said. The plan, still in its early stages, calls for voluntary contributions that would remain under national control at all time, reported Defense News. It would first be implemented around the Gulf of Guinea off the coast of West Africa, said Mogherini. The foreign policy chief emphasized that the plan was unrelated to a U.S. mission in the Strait of Hormuz. If successful, it could be expanded, including to the Strait of Hormuz or the Pacific, she said. Washington has called for an international maritime security mission in the strategic Middle Eastern waterway to protect international shipping from Iranian harassment and attacks. Australia, Bahrain and the U.K. have agreed to join the U.S. effort.



Poland—Agreement Reached With U.S. Over New Troop Locations Reuters | 08/30/2019 Polish and U.S. officials have agreed on six locations to host new U.S. deployments, reports Reuters. Defense Minister Mariusz Blaszczak announced the agreement on Friday. He did not identify the sites. A seventh location was discussed, he said at a joint news conference with U.S. National Security Adviser John Bolton. Poland signed an agreement to increase the number of rotatational American troops in Poland by 1,000. There are around 4,500 U.S. troops deployed to Poland as part of NATO's effort to deter Russian aggression.



Ukraine—No Date Set For Prisoner Swap With Russia Ukrinform | 08/30/2019 Ukrainian officials have rejected rumors of an impending prisoner swap with Russia, reports Ukrinform. On Friday, Ukraine's prosecutor general posted a statement online that said a Ukrainian filmmaker and 24 sailors had been freed from Russian prison, reported BBC News. However, the office of the president denied that the exchange process had been completed and warned against spreading misinformation, reported the Washington Post. A spokeswoman for the Ukrainian Security Service (SBU) said that no final date for a prisoner swap had been set. The Interfax news agency (Moscow) quoted unnamed Russian officials who said that the exchange would begin once both sides agreed to it in writing. Rumors began to circulate after filmmaker Oleg Sentsov was transferred from an isolated prison in northern Russia to one outside of Moscow and a Ukrainian court freed Russian journalist Kirill Vyshinsky. The sailors were detained earlier this year after attempting to pass through the Kerch Strait on their way to Mariupol. Russia claimed that the Ukrainian vessels had not followed procedures for entering the Sea of Azov, which is considered the territorial waters of both countries.



China—Beijing Rejects Proposal Intended To Ease Tensions In Hong Kong Reuters | 08/30/2019 Chinese officials rejected a proposal by Hong Kong's chief executive that sought to ease protests by withdrawing a controversial bill, reports Reuters. Earlier this summer, Carrie Lam submitted a report to Beijing that proposed scrapping an extradition bill that opponents said eroded the island's special status under the "one country, two systems" approach. It also proposed an independent inquiry into the protests, including allegations of excessive police force; fully democratic elections; an end to calling the demonstrations riots; and dropping charges against protesters who had been arrested. The Chinese government rejected the proposal and instructed Lam not to give in to any of the demonstrator's demands, said unnamed sources. The timing of the report was not certain. It appears to have been made after Lam suspended the bill on June 16 and before an Aug. 7 meeting in Shenzhen about the growing crisis. Protests in Hong Kong have lasted more than two months, after demonstrations against the extradition bill morphed into a broader movement for greater rights and democracy.



Japan—Defense Ministry Seeks To Boost Budget To US$50 Billion Wall Street Journal | 08/30/2019 The Japanese Ministry of Defense is seeking a budget increase for the eighth consecutive year, reports the Wall Street Journal. On Friday, the defense ministry released a budget proposal calling for a 1.2 percent increase to US$50.48 billion for the year starting April 1, 2020. The proposal includes funding to modify the flight deck of the helicopter carrier Izumo so that it can operate F-35B short-takeoff-and-vertical-landing (STOVL) fighter jets. Similar work is planned for a second warship. It also includes the acquisition of nine F-35s, six of them in the STOVL configuration, reported Reuters. Converting the ships to carriers and acquiring F-35Bs is part of an effort by Tokyo to defend its maritime interests against an increasingly assertive China, especially around the disputed Senkaku islands. The budget request also include US$1.1 billion for ballistic missile defenses, including Raytheon-built interceptors, as well as funds for two Aegis Ashore missile defense radar systems. Japanese defense spending has remained at about 1 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) since the early 1990s. Increases in spending have kept pace with economic expansion but have not shifted relative to the size of the economy. The proposal will be reviewed by the finance ministry before being presented to the Cabinet for approval. Defense budgets are typically approved in December with minor changes.



Indonesia—Hundreds Of Police Deployed After Deadly Clash In Papua Antara News Agency | 08/30/2019 At least 300 personnel from the Indonesian police's Mobile Brigade Unit (Brimob) have been deployed to Papua province following protests that resulted in several deaths, reports the Antara News, Indonesia's national news agency. The additional police personnel will be deployed to the Deiyai, Paniai and Jayapura regencies. On Wednesday, a soldier and two other people were killed and five security personnel were injured during a demonstration in Deiyai. Military officials maintain that only two civilians died, including one that was struck by an arrow fired by other rioters. Witnesses maintain that at least six protesters were killed when police opened fire, reported the Guardian (U.K.). The soldier was killed with an arrow as he guarded military equipment in a vehicle, police said. The equipment was stolen, including 10 SS1 rifles and ammunition. On Thursday, President Joko Widodo ordered security forces to crack down on unrest in Papua.



Indonesia—Hundreds Of Police Deployed After Deadly Clash In Papua Antara News Agency | 08/30/2019 At least 300 personnel from the Indonesian police's Mobile Brigade Unit (Brimob) have been deployed to Papua province following protests that resulted in several deaths, reports the Antara News, Indonesia's national news agency. The additional police personnel will be deployed to the Deiyai, Paniai and Jayapura regencies. On Wednesday, a soldier and two other people were killed and five security personnel were injured during a demonstration in Deiyai. Military officials maintain that only two civilians died, including one that was struck by an arrow fired by other rioters. Witnesses maintain that at least six protesters were killed when police opened fire, reported the Guardian (U.K.). The soldier was killed with an arrow as he guarded military equipment in a vehicle, police said. The equipment was stolen, including 10 SS1 rifles and ammunition. On Thursday, President Joko Widodo ordered security forces to crack down on unrest in Papua.



India—Payment Issues With S-400 Purchase From Russia Resolved Tass | 08/30/2019 India and Russia have reached an agreement on the issue of payments for S-400 air defense systems ordered last year, reports Russia's semi-official Tass news agency. Banking restrictions related to U.S. sanctions took some time to resolve, said Rostec officials quoted by the Hindu. India is scheduled to make the first payment, worth 20 percent of the contract's total value, "soon," according to Russian trade officials cited by the Print (India). The payments will be made through a new mechanism to avoid triggering U.S. sanctions on countries that purchase weapons from Russia. Under the mechanism, India will deposit its payment in rupees with a branch of Sberbank of Russia in New Delhi, which will in turn pay the Russian government in rubles. The system is designed to avoid dollar denominated transactions, which would require going through the U.S. financial system and thus be subject to U.S. regulations. India signed a US$5.34 billion deal with Moscow in 2016 for five S-400 air defense systems.



India—BrahMos Aerospace Eyes New Variants Of BrahMos Cruise Missile Tass | 08/30/2019 BrahMos Aerospace, a joint venture between India and Russia, says a next-generation variant of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile could be ready for testing in five years, reports Russia's semi-official Tass news agency. The BrahMos-NG is in initial development, with progress being made on its ramjet engine, company officials said. The hypersonic ramjet engine, use of new materials and other improvements will increase the missile's speed to Mach 4.8. Other upgrades are focused on ensuring that the missile and its components can withstand the high temperatures of hypersonic flight. Trials are expected to begin in four to five years while the development program is estimated to run for seven to eight years. Upgrades to extend missile's range to 500 miles (800 km) from 180 miles (290 km) are also under consideration. A test flight has already demonstrated an increased range of 250 miles (400 km). In addition to the upgrades, Indian officials also announced that several countries had applied to purchase the missile, and, if approved by the Indian and Russian governments, the first export orders could be concluded by the end of the year.



Yemen—Aden Airstrikes Targeted Terrorists, Says U.A.E. Agence France-Presse | 08/30/2019 The Emirati government has confirmed that it launched airstrikes around Aden, the temporary Yemeni capital, reports Agence France-Presse. On Thursday, the internationally-recognized Yemeni government said that its troops were hit by airstrikes while fighting separatist forces in the city. The Yemeni government accused the United Arab Emirates of launching the attack. Abu Dhabi later confirmed that it had launched airstrikes on the capital but said that they had targeted terrorists who were preparing to attack coalition forces. The strikes killed 40 troops and injured 70 civilians, said Yemeni Information Minister Muammar al-Iryani. The Emirati government has backed the Southern Transitional Council (STC), a group that seeks to re-establish a separate state in southern Yemen. Both the Emiratis and the STC have criticized the presence of Islamist parties within the Yemeni government, which Abu Dhabi has called a terrorist group. STC fighters regained control of Aden on Thursday after briefly losing control the day before. Emirati support for the STC has complicated Saudi-Emirati efforts against the Houthi rebels in northern Yemen.



Libya—AFRICOM Chief Meets With Prime Minister Of U.N.-Backed Government Africa Command | 08/30/2019 The head of U.S. Africa Command, has been meeting with top Libyan and U.N. officials to discuss the conflict there, reports the command. Gen. Stephen Townsend and U.S. Ambassador to Libya Richard Noland met with Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj, the head of the U.N.-backed Government of National Accord in Libya, in Tunis on Monday. The meeting covered the security environment and ending the conflict between the GNA and the Libyan National Army (LNA) through diplomatic means. The leaders also discussed the potential for violent extremist organizations to use the conflict to expand their activities, said Townsend. As part of part of the diplomatic effort to resolve the conflict, the command announced that Townsend and Noland would meet with Ghassan Salame, the head of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya.



Kenya—Air Force Hosts Regional Personnel Recovery Training Air Force News Service | 08/30/2019 The U.S. and Kenyan air forces recently co-hosted a regional personnel recovery exercise at Laikipia Air Base in central Kenya, reports the Air Force News Service. Approximately 120 delegates from Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and the U.S. took part in the African Partnership Flight training from Aug. 20 to Aug 24. This iteration of the APF focused on personnel recovery operations and included instructors from both the U.S. and Kenyan air forces. Representatives from the Massachusetts Air National Guard also participated under the State Partnership Program. The drills included classroom instruction, demonstrations and field exercises. Specific topics covered included personnel recovery command and control; combat search and rescue; tactical combat casualty care; and survival and evasion. The Kenyan air force led an exercise designated "Linda Rhino 2" at the end of the exercise to demonstrate the skills covered in the training.



Kenya—Air Force Hosts Regional Personnel Recovery Training Air Force News Service | 08/30/2019 The U.S. and Kenyan air forces recently co-hosted a regional personnel recovery exercise at Laikipia Air Base in central Kenya, reports the Air Force News Service. Approximately 120 delegates from Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and the U.S. took part in the African Partnership Flight training from Aug. 20 to Aug 24. This iteration of the APF focused on personnel recovery operations and included instructors from both the U.S. and Kenyan air forces. Representatives from the Massachusetts Air National Guard also participated under the State Partnership Program. The drills included classroom instruction, demonstrations and field exercises. Specific topics covered included personnel recovery command and control; combat search and rescue; tactical combat casualty care; and survival and evasion. The Kenyan air force led an exercise designated "Linda Rhino 2" at the end of the exercise to demonstrate the skills covered in the training.


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