Wednesday, August 28, 2019

TheList 5082


The List 5082 TGB

To All,

A bit of history and some tidbits.

Regards,
Skip

Today in Naval History August 28

1867 Capt. William Reynolds of the screw sloop-of-war, USS Lackawanna, raises the U.S. flag over Midway Islands and takes formal possession of these islands for the United States.

1891 During a period of political unrest at Valparaiso, Chile, Marines form boarding parties from cruisers USS San Francisco and USS Baltimore to protect American lives and guard the U.S. Consulate.

1942 120 women are commissioned as ensigns or lieutenant junior grades as WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service) and report to "USS Northampton," Smith College, Northampton, Mass.

1942 PBY Catalinas from VP-92 and Canadian corvette HMCS Oakville sink German submarine U-94. USS Lea (DD 118) and Oakville pick up the survivors. Previously, U-94 had sunk 26 Allied vessels while also damaging one Allied vessel, although none from the United States.

1952 USS Boxer (CV 21) launches an explosive-filled drone which explodes against a railroad bridge near Hungnam, Korea. This mission marks the first guided missile launched from a ship during the Korean War.

1965 - CDR Scott Carpenter and 9 aquanauts enter SeaLab II, 205 ft. below Southern California's waters to conduct underwater living and working tests

1991 A helicopter from USS America (CVA 66) rescues three civilian sailors who spent 10 days in a lifeboat 80 miles off Cape May, N.J., after their sailboat capsizes.



1992 - Navy and Marine forces begin providing disaster relief after Typhoon Omar hit Guam

1992 - Marines and Army forces begin providing disaster relief in Florida after Hurricane Andrew.

2004 USS Momsen (DDG 92) is commissioned at Panama City, Fla., before sailing to its homeport of Everett, Wash. The 42nd of the Arleigh Burke-class of guided-missile destroyers is the first to carry the remote minehunting system and the first ship named after Vice Adm. Charles B. Momsen, the designer of the submarine escape breathing apparatus now known as the Momsen Lung.



Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

• Today's top headlines include tropical storm Dorian approaching Puerto Rico as the island is still recovering from Hurricane Maria.

• While touring Electric Boat on Tuesday, Defense Secretary Mark Esper touted the importance of the submarine fleet in countering the threat posed by Russia and China, reports the New London Day.

• USNI News reports that USS George Washington (CVN 73) is more than halfway through its refueling and complex overhaul and is set to leave dry dock next month.

• Multiple outlets report that China denied a request for a U.S. Navy warship to visit the port city of Qingdao.



This Day in History

1676 Indian chief King Philip, also known as Metacom, is killed by English soldiers, ending the war between Indians and colonists.


1862 Mistakenly believing the Confederate Army to be in retreat, Union General John Pope attacks, beginning the Battle of Groveton. Both sides sustain heavy casualties.


1914 Three German cruisers are sunk by ships of the Royal Navy in the Battle of Heligoland Bight, the first major naval battle of World War I.


1938 The first degree given to a ventriloquist's dummy is awarded to Charlie McCarthy--Edgar Bergen's wooden partner. The honorary degree, "Master of Innuendo and Snappy Comeback," is presented on radio by Ralph Dennis, the dean of the School of Speech at Northwestern University.


1941

The German U-boat U-570 is captured by the British and renamed Graph


1944 German forces in Toulon and Marseilles, France, surrender to the Allies.


1945 Chinese communist leader Mao Tse-Tung arrives in Chunking to confer with Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek in a futile effort to avert civil war.


1963 One of the largest demonstrations in the history of the United States, the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, takes place and reaches its climax at the base of the Lincoln Memorial when Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I have a dream" speech.


1965 The Viet Cong are routed in the Mekong Delta by U.S. forces, with more than 50 killed.


1968 Clash between police and anti-war demonstrators during Democratic Party's National Convention in Chicago.


1979 Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb explodes under bandstand in Brussels' Great Market as British Army musicians prepare for a performance; four British soldiers wounded.


1981 John Hinckley Jr. pleads innocent to attempting to assassinate Pres. Ronald Reagan.


1982 First Gay Games held, in San Francisco.


1983 Israeli's prime minister Menachem Begin announces his resignation.


1986 US Navy officer Jerry A. Whitworth given 365-year prison term for spying for USSR.


1986 Bolivian president Victor Paz Estenssoro declares a state of siege and uses troops and tanks to halt a march by 10,000 striking tin miners.


1993 Two hundred twenty-three die when a dam breaks at Qinghai (Kokonor), in northwest China.


2003 Power blackout affects half-million people in southeast England and halts 60% of London's underground trains.



2005 Hurricane Katrina reaches Category 5 strength; Louisiana Superdome opened as a "refuge of last resort" in New Orleans.



2012 US Republican convention nominates Mitt Romney as the party's presidential candidate.



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This Week in American Military History:

From the flag's first action to the Japanese surrender by W. Thomas Smith Jr.



Aug. 28, 1862: The Second battle of Bull Run (known to many Southerners as Second Manassas) opens between Union Army forces under the command of Maj.

Gen. John Pope and Confederate forces under Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall"

Jackson (Gen. Robert E. Lee in overall command).

Within days, Confederate forces will drive Union forces from the field, not unlike what happened at First Bull Run /Manassas on July 21, 1861.



Aug. 28, 1972: U.S. Air Force Capt. Richard Stephen Richie, flying an F-4 Phantom, shoots down his fifth MiG over North Vietnam, becoming the Air Force's first ace of the war.

But to hear Richie tell it, it was just a ride. "My fifth MiG kill was an exact duplicate of a syllabus mission, so I had not only flown that as a student, but had taught it probably a dozen times prior to actually doing it in combat," he says.



Sept. 2, 1901: Medal of Honor recipient and U.S. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt delivers a speech at the Minnesota State Fair in which he says, "A good many of you are probably acquainted with the old proverb, 'Speak softly and carry a big stick – you will go far.' If a man continually blusters, if he lacks civility, a big stick will not save him from trouble, and neither will speaking softly avail, if back of the softness there does not lie strength, power."In four days, Pres. William McKinley will be mortally wounded by an assassin's



Sept. 2, 1945: A delegation from the defeated Japanese Empire sign the documents of surrender about the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.

Gen. Douglas MacArthur , a Medal of Honor recipient and Supreme Allied Commander in the Pacific, says, "Let us pray that peace be now restored to the world and that God will preserve it always. These proceedings are closed."World War II is over.



Sept. 3, 1777: The Battle of Cooch's Bridge (a.k.a. the Battle of IronHill) – the only pitched battle of the American Revolution to be fought in Delaware – opens between Continental Army and militia forces under the command of Brig. Gen. William Maxwell and a combined force of British, Hessian, and Ansbach soldiers under the overall command of British Gen. Sir Charles Cornwallis (and under the immediate tactical command of Hessian Lt. Col. Ludwig von Wurmb).

Though a British victory, which devolved into a savage close-quarters engagement, the Battle of Cooch's Bridge is significant as the first time the Stars-and-Stripes is flown in action.



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A BAD DAY AT SON LA

Thanks to the Bear

good story, well told... Bear ⚓️🐻👍
http://www.eaa326.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/Wes-Schierman-A-Bad-Day-at-Son-La.pdf



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This is a great story that I have to dig out of the List archives once in a while to remind us how close a thing many of the battles we have fought over the years have come down to extraordinary effort of one man.


It Came Down to One Marine

by Vin Suprynowicz

On Nov. 15, 2003, an 85-year-old retired Marine Corps colonel died of congestive heart failure at his home in La Quinta, Calif., southeast of Palm Springs.

He was a combat veteran of World War II. Reason enough to honor him. But this Marine was a little different. This Marine was Mitchell Paige.

It's hard today to envision -- or, for the dwindling few, to remember -- what the world looked like on Oct. 26, 1942. The U. S. Navy was not the most powerful fighting force in the Pacific. Not by a long shot. So the Navy basically dumped a few thousand lonely American Marines on the beach on Guadalcanal and high-tailed it out of there.

You Navy guys can hold those letters. Of course Nimitz, Fletcher and Halsey had to ration what few ships they had. I've written separately about the way Bull Halsey rolled the dice on the night of Nov. 13, 1942, violating the stern War College edict against committing capital ships in restricted waters and instead dispatching into the Slot his last two remaining fast battleships, the South Dakota and the Washington, escorted by the only four destroyers with enough fuel in their bunkers to get them there and back.

Those American destroyer captains need not have worried about carrying enough fuel to get home. By 11 p. m., outnumbered better than three-to-one by a massive Japanese task force driving down from the northwest, every one of those four American destroyers had been shot up, sunk, or set aflame. And while the South Dakota -- known throughout the fleet as a jinx ship -- had damaged some lesser Japanese vessels, she continued to be plagued with electrical and fire control problems.

"Washington was now the only intact ship left in the force," writes naval historian David Lippman. "In fact, at that moment Washington was the entire U. S. Pacific Fleet. She was the only barrier between (Admiral) Kondo's ships and Guadalcanal. If this one ship did not stop 14 Japanese ships right then and there, America might lose the war..."

On Washington's bridge, Lieutenant Ray Hunter had the conn. He had just seen the destroyers Walke and Preston "blown sky high." Dead ahead lay their burning wreckage. Hundreds of men were swimming in the water and the Japanese ships racing in.

"Hunter had to do something. The course he took now could decide the war," Lippman writes. "'Come left,' he said.... Washington's rudder change put the burning destroyers between her and the enemy, preventing her from being silhouetted by their fires.

"The move made the Japanese momentarily cease fire. Lacking radar, they could not spot Washington behind the fires...." Washington raced through burning seas. Dozens of destroyer men were in the water clinging to floating wreckage. "Get after them, Washington!" one shouted.

Sacrificing their ships by maneuvering into the path of torpedoes intended for the Washington, the captains of the American destroyers had given her one final chance.

Blinded by the smoke and flames, the Japanese battleship Kirishima turned on her searchlights, illuminating the helpless South Dakota, and opened fire. Finally, as her own muzzle blasts illuminated her in the darkness, Admiral Lee and Captain Glenn Davis could positively identify an enemy target.

The Washington's main batteries opened fire at 12 midnight precisely. Her radar fire control system functioned perfectly. During the first seven minutes of Nov. 14, 1942, the "last ship in the U. S. Pacific Fleet" fired 75 of her 16-inch shells at the battleship Kirishima.

Aboard Kirishima, it rained steel. At 3:25 a.m., her burning hulk officially became the first enemy sunk by an American battleship since the Spanish-American War. Stunned, the Japanese withdrew. Within days, Japanese commander Isoroku Yamamoto recommended the unthinkable to the emperor -- withdrawal from Guadalcanal. But that was still weeks in the future. We were still with Mitchell Paige back on the god-forsaken malarial jungle island of Guadalcanal, placed like a speed bump at the end of the long blue-water slot between New Guinea and the Bismarck Archipelago ... the very route the Japanese Navy would have to take to reach Australia.

On Guadalcanal the Marines struggled to complete an airfield. Yamamoto knew what that meant. No effort would be spared to dislodge these upstart Yanks from a position that could endanger his ships. Before long, relentless Japanese counterattacks had driven supporting U.S. Navy from inshore waters. The Marines were on their own.

As Platoon Sgt. Mitchell Paige and his 33 riflemen set about carefully emplacing their four water-cooled 30-caliber Brownings, manning their section of the thin khaki line which was expected to defend Henderson Field against the assault of the night of Oct. 25, 1942, it's unlikely anyone thought they were about to provide the definitive answer to that most desperate of questions: How many able-bodied U.S. Marines does it take to hold a hill against 2,000 desperate and motivated attackers?

Nor did the commanders of the mighty Japanese Army, who had swept all before them for decades, expect their advance to be halted on some God-forsaken jungle ridge manned by one thin line of Yanks in khaki in October of 1942.

But by the time the night was over, "The 29th (Japanese) Infantry Regiment has lost 553 killed or missing and 479 wounded among its 2,554 men," historian Lippman reports. "The 16th (Japanese) Regiment's losses are uncounted, but the 164th's burial parties handled 975 Japanese bodies.... The American estimate of 2,200 Japanese dead is probably too low."

You've already figured out where the Japanese focused their attack,haven't you? Among the 90 American dead and seriously wounded that night were all the men in Mitchell Paige's platoon. Every one. As the night of endless attacks wore on, Paige moved up and down his line, pulling his dead and wounded comrades back into their foxholes and firing a few bursts from each of the four Brownings in turn, convincing the Japanese forces down the hill that the positions were still manned.

The citation for Paige's Congressional Medal of Honor picks up the tale: "When the enemy broke through the line directly in front of his position, P/Sgt. Paige, commanding a machine gun section with fearless determination, continued to direct the fire of his gunners until all his men were either killed or wounded. Alone, against the deadly hail of Japanese shells, he fought with his gun and when it was destroyed, took over another, moving from gun to gun, never ceasing his withering fire."

In the end, Sgt. Paige picked up the last of the 40-pound, belt-fed Brownings -- the same design which John Moses Browning famously fired for a continuous 25 minutes until it ran out of ammunition, glowing cherry red, at its first U. S. Army trial -- and did something for which the weapon was never designed. Sgt. Paige walked down the hill toward the place where he could hear the last Japanese survivors rallying to move around his flank, the belt-fed gun cradled under his arm, firing as he went.

And the weapon did not fail.

Coming up at dawn, battalion executive officer Major Odell M. Conoley was first to discover the answer to our question: How many able-bodied Marines does it take to hold a hill against two regiments of motivated, combat-hardened infantrymen who have never known defeat?

On a hill where the bodies were piled like cord wood, Mitchell Paige alone sat upright behind his 30-caliber Browning, waiting to see what the dawn would bring.

One hill: one Marine.

But "In the early morning light, the enemy could be seen a few yards off, and vapor from the barrels of their machine guns was clearly visible," reports historian Lippman. "It was decided to try to rush the position."

For the task, Major Conoley gathered together "three enlisted communication personnel, several riflemen, a few company runners who were at the point, together with a cook and a few messmen who had brought food to the position the evening before."

Joined by Paige, this ad hoc force of 17 Marines counterattacked at 5:40 a.m., discovering that "the extremely short range allowed the optimum use of grenades." They cleared the ridge.

And that's where the unstoppable wave of Japanese conquest finally crested, broke, and began to recede. On an unnamed jungle ridge on an insignificant island no one had ever heard of, called Guadalcanal.

But who remembers, today, how close-run a thing it was -- the ridge held by a single Marine, in the autumn of 1942?

When the Hasbro Toy Co. called some years back, asking permission to put the retired colonel's face on some kid's doll, Mitchell Paige thought they must be joking.

But they weren't. That's his mug, on the little Marine they call "G.I. Joe."

And now you know.

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The daily news from Military Periscope for 28 August

USA—Destroyer Sails Near Disputed Islands In S. China Sea USNI News | 08/28/2019 A U.S. Navy destroyer has conducted a freedom of navigation operation (FONOP) near the disputed Spratly Islands, reports the USNI News. On Wednesday, USS Wayne E. Meyer sailed within 12 nautical miles of the Fiery Cross Reef and Mischief Reef in the South China Sea, said a U.S. 7th Fleet spokeswoman. The operation was meant to challenge excessive maritime claims in the South China Sea, she said. The mission was conducted in accordance with international law. The U.S. will fly, sail and operate wherever international law allows, the spokeswoman said The reefs are part of a chain of artificial islands built up by China to bolster its expansive claims in the region.



USA—Washington Seeks Direct Talks With Houthis Wall Street Journal | 08/28/2019 The U.S. government is working on direct negotiations with Houthi rebels in Yemen, reports the Wall Street Journal. Sources told the newspaper that Washington wants Saudi Arabia to sit in on the talks in Oman. If conducted, the talks would be the first direct negotiations between the U.S. and the militant group since 2015. The goal is to mediate a cease-fire between the combatants, officials said. It is unclear how much support the effort has. Last week, the Houthis appointed an official ambassador to Iran in what many read as a power move by hardliners opposed to talks with the U.S. It also remains to be seen if Saudi Arabia will choose to participate. The war, which has killed at least 90,000 Yemenis, has faced increasing opposition in the U.S.



USA—X-37B Space Plane Sets Another Endurance Record Space.Com | 08/28/2019 The U.S. Air Force X-37B space plane has broken its previous record for time in continuous orbit, reports Space.com. On Monday, the OTV-5 mission broke the record set by the OTV-4 flight, surpassing 717 days, 20 hours and 42 minutes in orbit. The latest X-37B mission began on July 9, 2017, when it was launched on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket. Each of the previous missions also broke the endurance record set by the previous flight. The X-37B missions have remained highly classified by the Air Force. The service said the current mission involves the Advanced Structurally Embedded Thermal Spreader Experiment (ASETS II), which is testing the performance of electronics and oscillating heat pipes in orbit. Other sensors and equipment is likely also being tested, reported Popular Mechanics. Former Air Force Secretary Heather Wilson revealed a unique property of the X-37B in July, when she said that the vehicle can dip down into the atmosphere to aerodynamically change its orbit to complicate efforts to track the craft.



USA—New Lights Approved For Fuel Probes On F-35B/C Jets Military.Com | 08/28/2019 The U.S. Air Force has approved a modified fuel probe for F-35B short-take-off-and-vertical-landing and F-35C carrier aircraft following ground and flight tests, reports Military.com. The Aerial Refueling Certification Agency approved the redesigned probe following trials that were completed in March at Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Md., and Edwards Air Force base, Calif. The fuel probe, which is not present on the Air Force's F-35A aircraft, was redesigned after it was revealed that the lighting system was blinding boom operators during night refueling operations. A warm white light and an amber light were evaluated, with the warm white light found to be the best solution for both pilots and boom operators. With the approval, Marine and Navy pilots will soon be able to resume night refueling operations.



North Korea—Satellite Images Suggest N. Korea Could Soon Test SLBM Nbc News | 08/28/2019 New satellite photos indicate that North Korea is building a ballistic missile submarine and may be nearing tests of a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM), reports NBC News. Images of the Sinpo South Shipyard taken on Monday appear to confirm North Korean reports of a newly built submarine and reveal support vessels and a crane that could be used to tow a barge out to sea for an SLBM test, according to a report from Beyond Parallel, a research project associated with the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington, D.C. There are no immediate signs that such trials are imminent, the report says. North Korea said in July that dictator Kim Jong Un had inspected a new submarine. The completed boat would require at least a year of testing before being fully operational, noted researchers. Pyongyang tested its first submarine-launched ballistic missile in 2016 aboard its lone Sinpo-class submarine.



China—Beijing Seeks To Revamp Shenyang Aircraft Corp. With Younger Leadership South China Morning Post | 08/28/2019 The Chinese government has appointed a 40-year-old engineer to head the Shenyang Aircraft Corp. (SAC) in an effort to increase innovation at the fighter manufacturer, reports the South China Morning Post. Qian Xuesong took over as chairman from Guo Dianman last week. Qian's appointment stems in part from dissatisfaction with SAC's performance that reaches the highest levels of the Chinese government, including President Xi Jinping, said an unnamed military source. One point of frustration for the government and military is the J-15, which SAC developed in 2009, but has suffered ongoing issues. The naval fighter was grounded for three months last year during an investigation into the aircraft's flight-control system. In addition to Qian's appointment, SAC announced on July 10 that it had reached an agreement with the Liaoning provincial government to build a new, significantly larger headquarters in an industrial park north of Shenyang. In April, the affiliated Shenyang Aircraft Design Institute, or 601 Institute, set up a new research center in Yangzhou, Jiangsu province, which is intended to attract young engineers and technicians, analysts said.



Japan—Military Seeks More SM-3 Missile Defense Interceptors U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency | 08/28/2019 The U.S. State Dept. has approved the potential sale of SM-3 Block IIA interceptor missiles to Japan, reports the U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency. The proposed US$3.295 billion deal covers 73 SM-3 Block IIA missiles; Mk 29 canisters; and associated equipment and technical and logistics support. The sale would strengthen Japan's missile defense capabilities to assist in defending its territory and U.S. personnel stationed there, the agency said. The SM-3 is part of the Aegis ballistic missile defense system.



Indonesia—Military Suspends Personnel For Alleged Racial Abuse Of Papuans Jakarta Post | 08/28/2019 Five Indonesian military personnel have been temporarily suspended following allegations of racial abuse of Papuan students in an incident earlier this month, reports the Jakarta Post. Maj. N.H. Irianto, commander of the Tambaksari subdistrict military command in Surabaya in eastern Java, where the alleged abuses took place, and four other officers from the unit have been suspended, said a military spokesperson. The alleged abuses occurred on Aug. 18, when military personnel stormed the dormitory of Papuan students in Surabaya after an Indonesian flag was found discarded near the building. Military personnel are seen shouting slurs, banging on doors and throwing rocks at the dorm in a video of the incident. Protests have continued throughout Papua and West Papua since the incident, with demonstrators calling for legal action against the military personnel.



Singapore—Navy Retiring Fearless-Class Patrol Vessels As Replacements Come Online Singapore Ministry Of Defense | 08/28/2019 The Singapore navy has just decommissioned three aging patrol vessels, reports the Singapore Ministry of Defense. On Tuesday, the Fearless, Brave and Dauntless were formally withdrawn from service during a ceremony at Tuas Naval Base. The Fearless and Brave entered service in October 1996 and the Dauntless in May 1997. With the retirement, only a single Fearless-class patrol vessel remains in service, reported Naval Today. The class is being replaced by the navy's new Independence-class littoral mission vessels (LMVs). All eight LMVs have been launched. All are slated to be fully operational by 2020.



India—Air Force Terminates Engine Upgrade For Jaguar Strike Jets The Hindu | 08/28/2019 The Indian air force has cancelled a planned upgrade for its Jaguar strike aircraft, reports the Hindu. The service planned to replace the engines on 80 of its Jaguars to improve mission performance, especially at medium and high altitudes, said air force officials cited by Defense News. The air force decided the US$2.4 billion price quoted by Honeywell for 280 new F-125IN engines was too expensive. Hindustan Aeronautics wanted US$3.12 million for each installation, which was also too much, senior service officials said. HAL and Honeywell were originally selected to replace the Adour engines on the Jaguars in 2016. Meanwhile, India continues the DARIN-III avionics upgrade for the Jaguar, with the first modernized jet completing company trials last week. The upgrade integrates a new radar, electronic warfare suite, multifunction displays, avionics and attack system. The aircraft will also be capable of employing the advanced short-range air-to-air missile (ASRAAM) from MBDA. Fifty-six Jaguars are scheduled to receive the DARIN-III upgrades by 2024. The air force currently plans to begin phasing out non-upgraded Jaguars in 2023. The whole fleet is expected to retire by 2038.



Afghanistan—Taliban Says Deal With U.S. Imminent TOLONews | 08/28/2019 The Taliban says that it is close to finalizing a peace agreement with the U.S., reports the Tolo News. On Wednesday, a Taliban spokesman said that talks in Qatar were continuing and that the sides were nearing a final accord. Sources told Reuters that U.S. special representative for Afghanistan Zalmay Khalilzad is scheduled to visit Kabul to brief President Ashraf Ghani on the provisional agreement. The deal includes a 14- to 24-month withdrawal timeline, said one security official in Kabul. A senior Taliban official told NBC News that the draft currently under discussion includes references to Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, the name of the country preferred by the Taliban. Kabul has resisted using the term, likening it to a de-facto recognition of the militants' victory.

Syria—YPG Fighters Begin Withdrawal From Border Area Defense Post | 08/28/2019 Kurdish forces have begun withdrawing from positions along the Syrian border with Turkey, reports the Defense Post. Fighters and heavy weapons from the People's Protection Units (YPG) forces were withdrawn from the Serekaniye/Ras Al-Ain area on Aug. 24 and from Tel Abyad on Aug. 26, the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria said on Tuesday. The YPG is withdrawing from an area varying from 3.5 miles (5 km) to 8.5 miles (14 km) wide, a spokesman from the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) told Reuters. Talks are still ongoing to determine the extent of the rest of the buffer zone. The withdrawal is part of an agreement Turkey and the U.S. reached earlier this month to create a buffer zone between Kurdish forces and the Turkish border, said Kurdish officials. The parties also agreed to establish a joint operations center in Turkey to coordinate the zone. Details of the buffer area were not made public. YPG fighters form the backbone of the SDF, which was instrumental in the U.S.-led fight against ISIS in Syria. Ankara views the YPG as an extension of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), a banned terrorist group.



Yemen—Government Retakes Aden Airport Al Jazeera | 08/28/2019 The internationally-recognized Yemeni government says it has retaken control of the Aden airport from southern separatists, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar). On Wednesday, Information Minister Moammar al-Eryani said that forces loyal to the government were in full control of the facility. Soldiers had previously retaken several other districts in the city from the Southern Transitional Council (STC), he said. The offensive began in the city's eastern suburbs, witnesses told Reuters. The STC, which has been fighting Houthi rebels along with government forces and is backed by the Emirati government, overran much of the temporary capital earlier this month. STC leaders have accused the government of being sympathetic to northerners and Islamists, including a party it claims colluded with the Houthis to kill STC commanders, and is seeking independence for southern Yemen.



Israel—Hamas Declares State Of Emergency After Deadly Suicide Attacks Blamed On ISIS Times of Israel | 08/28/2019 Hamas has declared a state of emergency in the Gaza Strip after three police officers were killed in a suicide bombing, reports the Times of Israel. Late Tuesday, an attacker on a motorcycle detonated a device at a police checkpoint in Gaza city, killing two officers and wounding a third, reported BBC News. The third officer later died of their injuries. Less than an hour later, a similar attack was made against a different checkpoint, wounding three people, reported the interior ministry in Gaza, which is run by Hamas. One of the attackers had previously been detained by Hamas. Hamas ordered a massive mobilization of security forces following the attack and began arresting suspected jihadist activists. A Hamas source told Agence France-Presse that ISIS-affiliated groups were believed to be behind the bombings.



Brazil—1st Gripen E Fighter Makes Maiden Flight In Sweden Saab | 08/28/2019 The first Gripen E fighter jet for the Brazilian air force has made its first flight, reports Saab, the Swedish manufacturer. On Monday, the first production Brazilian fighter flew for the first time from Saab's airfield in Linkoping, Sweden. The flight lasted 65 minutes and was designed to verify basic handling and flying qualities, the company said. The aircraft features several upgrades from the previous test aircraft, including a new large wide-area display, two small head-down displays and a new head-up display. The flight-control system also has updated control laws. The aircraft will participate in the joint test program for the Gripen E, focusing on envelope expansion and tactical system and sensor testing.


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