Tuesday, August 27, 2019

TheList 5081


The List 5081 TGB

To All,

I hope that your week has started well.



Today in Naval History

Aug. 27

1942 USS Iowa (BB 61) is launched at the New York Navy Yard. Commissioned in Feb. 1943, Iowa serves in both the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean during World War II and now serves as a museum battleship at Los Angeles, Calif.

1944 USS Stingray (SS 186), after being depth charged and lightly worked over while reconnoitering the designated spot lands a party of one Filipino officer, 14 men and 60 percent of the supplies earmarked for delivery to guerilla forces at Saddle Rock, Mayaira Point, on northwest shore of Luzon. Heavy Japanese shipping in the vicinity compels Stingrays departure before all stores land.

1944 PV Ventura aircraft sink Japanese vessel, Tensho Maru, between Odomari, southwest of Sakhalin and Onnekotan Island, Kuril Islands.

1945 Units of the Pacific Fleet enter Japanese waters for the first time during World War II, to prepare for the formal Japanese surrender on Sept. 2, 1945.

1959 While off Cape Canaveral, Fla., USS Observation Island (EAG 154) makes the first shipboard launch of a Polaris missile.

2007 Vice Adm. Adam M. Robinson, Jr., becomes the first African-American to be appointed as Surgeon General of the US Navy.

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

• Today's top headlines include Brazil rejecting aid from G7 to battle against fires in the Amazon and President Trump says he will invite Putin to the next G7 summit scheduled to be held in the U.S.

• The New York Times reports that a Russian weather agency identified four radioactive isotopes released by the explosion at a Russian military testing site early this month.

• The Department of Defense released a statement accusing China of coercive interference in oil and gas activities in claimed by Vietnam, reports Reuters.

• Reuters reports that Iran has sold the oil from the tanker recently released by Gibraltar.

Today in History August 27


The Danes are crushed by the Catholic League in Germany, marking the end of Danish intervention in European wars.


The Americans are defeated by the British at the Battle of Long Island, New York.


Maximilien Robespierre is elected to the Committee of Public Safety in Paris, France.


The Allies defeat Napoleon at the Battle of Dresden.


Union troops make an amphibious landing at Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.


As the Second Battle of Bull Run rages, Confederate soldiers attack Loudoun County, Virginia.


New York state's Pure Food Law goes into effect to prevent "the adulteration of food or drugs."


The United States congress passes an income tax law as part of a general tariff act, but it is found unconstitutional.


Thomas Edison demonstrates the first "talking" pictures--using a phonograph--in his New Jersey laboratory.


Edgar Rice Burrough's Tarzan of the Apes first appears in a magazine.


Italy declares war on Germany.


Fifteen nations sign the Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact, outlawing war and calling for the settlement of disputes through arbitration. Forty-seven other countries eventually sign the pact.


The Prime Minister of Japan, Fumimaro Konoye, issues an invitation for a meeting with President Franklin Roosevelt.


B-29 Superfortress bombers begin to drop supplies into Allied prisoner of war camps in China.


Cambodia severs ties with South Vietnam.


Veronica & Colin Scargill of England complete tandem bicycle ride around the world, a record 18,020 miles (29,000.4 km).


Lord Mountbatten is killed by an Irish terrorist bomb in his sail boat in Sligo, Ireland.


President Ronald Reagan announces NASA Teacher in Space project, intended to inspire students and honor teachers and spur interest in the fields of science, mathematics and space exploration.


Chuck Berry performs his tune Johnny B. Goode for NASA staff in celebration of Voyager II's encounter with the planet Neptune.


Moldavia declares independence from USSR.


The Rainbow Bridge, a 1,870-foot suspension bridge over Tokyo Bay, completed.


Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing within 34,646,418 miles (55,758,005 km).


Democrats nominate Barack Obama for president, first African American nominated by a major political party for the office of President of the United States.


First interplanetary human voice recording is broadcast from the Mars Rover Curiosity.


Krakatoa explodes



How the Earth Was Made

From the Big Bang to today, explore Earth's 4.5-billion-year history of unimaginable timescales, incredible life forms, radical climates, and mass extinctions.

Stream episodes about this, plus hundreds of HISTORY's best documentaries and specials, all commercial-free.



Monday Morning Humor thanks to Al

Back to School

Early one morning, a mother went in to wake up her son. "Wake up, son. It's time to go to school."

"But why, Mom? I don't want to go."

"Give me two reasons why you don't want to go."

"Well, the kids hate me for one, and the teachers hate me, too!"

"Oh, that's no reason not to go to school. Come on now and get ready."

"Give me two reasons why I should go to school."

"Well, for one, you're 49 years old. And for another, you're the Head teacher!"

Quotes and Thoughts:

• I have never let my schooling interfere with my education.--Mark Twain

• My school days were the happiest days of my life; which should give you some indication of the misery I've endured over the past twenty-five years.--Paul Merton

• I took a test in Existentialism. I left all the answers blank and got 100.--Woody Allen

• My school was so tough the school newspaper had an obituary section.--Norm Crosby

• Smartness runs in my family. When I went to school I was so smart my teacher was in my class for five years.--Anonymous

• I'm not going to buy my kids an encyclopedia. Let them walk to school like I did.--Yogi Berra

• In elementary school, in case of fire you have to line up quietly in a single file line from the smallest to the tallest. What is the logic? Do tall people burn slower?--Warren Hutcherson

• You learn something every day if you pay attention.--Ray LeBlond

• In youth we learn; in age we understand--Von Ebner-Eschenbach

• If there were no schools to take the children away from home part of the time, the insane asylums would be filled with mothers.--Edgar W. Howe

Luke comes home from his first day of school, and his mother asks, "What did you learn today?"

"Not enough," Luke replies. "They said I have to go back tomorrow."

" Hey, Mom, I got a hundred in school today! '

"Peter, that's great. What in?"

"A 40 in Reading and a 60 in Spelling."

"Camila, what did you do at school today?"

"Well Mom, we did a guessing game."

"But I thought you were having a History exam."

"That's right!"

"Mom, my teacher says I have to write more clearly."

"That's a good idea, Annalise."

"No, it's not. Then she'll know I can't spell."

The summer holiday was over and young Jack returned to school. Only two days later his teacher phoned his mother to tell her that Jack was misbehaving.

"Wait a minute," mother said. "I had Jack with me for ten weeks and I never called you once when he misbehaved."

When Dad came home he was astonished to see Vic sitting on a horse, writing something. "What on earth are you doing there?" he asked.

"Well, the teacher told us to write an essay on our favorite animal." Answered Vic, "That's why I'm here and that's why Sara's sitting in the goldfish bowl."

Have a great week,



This has been in the List before but this one has even more

Thanks to Dr. Rich

Thanks to Dave via Billy ... amazing story!!
1945 Naval Armada at Ulithi...

In March 1945, 15 battleships, 29 carriers, 23 cruisers, 106 destroyers, and a train of oilers and supply ships sailed from "a Pacific base." What was this base? The mightiest force of naval Power ever assembled must have required a tremendous supporting establishment. Ulithi, the biggest and most active naval base in the world was indeed tremendous but it was unknown. Few civilians had heard of it at all. By the time security released the name, the remarkable base of Ulithi was a ghost. The war had moved on to the Japanese homeland, and the press was not printing ancient history about Ulithi.

After you open the site, keep scrolling. There are six parts with about a dozen pictures in each part. What a logistical feat. Here's a piece of history I wasn't aware of. The two A-Bombs made the papers, but not what was waiting in the Pacific to be deployed......

1945 Naval Armada Set to Invade Japan: Here comes another surprise...It was 1944 and these pictures were not available during the war. The US kept this place unknown to the citizens of the US. This is quite a story!! This is phenomenal … An Armada of ships and airplanes poised for the invasion of Japan…that never happened…because President Truman authorized the dropping of "A" bombs at Nagasaki and Hiroshima that resulted in the Japanese surrender. Just think of the American lives that would have been lost had this invasion occurred. Be thankful that we had a President with the courage to make the call. Sadly most Americans today know nothing about this and the sacrifices made by those before us. We are not teaching US history in our schools anymore….Some great pictures of the Ulithi armada! The US Naval armada deployed for invasion of Japan. Keep this for posterity. There will never be another assemblage of naval ships like this again.

Many people don't know that the Purple Hearts awarded since WWII, to this day, were ALL made in advance of and in anticipation of the invasion of Japan…that never happened. I've read that one million such medals were made in anticipation of invading Japan. . . and because of President Truman, most of them were not awarded.

Staging area for the invasion of Japan. Check out the carriers on "Murderer's Row." If any of you folks had fathers, grandfathers or uncles in the Navy during World War II, they may well have been involved in this operation, given the tremendous number of the ships and personnel involved. You may also recognize them in some of the photos. Click below:



Thanks to Mugs

Lt Paul Bucha; MOH; Vietnam; 1968

This is one of the classics. What a Man…….

............wanna spend 9 minutes of your life in the video presence of a great man?....here's your chance................……….....last minute is BEST because of what he says about the "young American Soldier" he commanded. Some of us around back then remember how they were greatly abused by the media.



Thanks to Mud and Steve


Well, Steve, I owe you my thanks. I just sent it off to my son. He'll be amused at the PFT requirements, as at his age and LtCol he got a PFT score of 261. That would have made him eligible 17 years ago. 😁


- Mud

In a message dated 8/26/2019 12:23:00 PM Central Standard Time, stvsngltn@aol.com writes:

That may have been me, Mud ... I came across it and have been sending it around. Either way, agree that the narrator sure knows of what he speaks, having been in both groups.

Semper Fi,


In a message dated 8/26/2019 9:33:40 AM Pacific Standard Time, mudmarine@aol.com writes:

Somebody sent this recently, and I inadvertently deleted the msg before replying my thanks for sending it. This is damn good, and I enjoyed it thoroughly. The Marine Corps has certainly made a lot of changes since my day. I was in force recon, and it would appear that it's gotten even tougher over the years.

The only weapon I recognized was the pistol, 8 mm Sig M18, and only because I have the civilian version, the Sig P320.



- Mud


Thanks to Donald……This is a man at home in his own world with the music

Dance Steps



The men of the Frank E. Evans

Thanks to Carl…I remember seeing the stern in Subic Bay


August 27, 2019

The men of the Frank E. Evans

By John Meinhold


Thanks to Dr. Rich

A good stick. This Russian lady can really put her aircraft through its paces



Thanks to Carl

2 Montana Men Receive Fitting Sentences Over Stolen Valor - Task & Purpose


A Montana judge hit 2 offenders with a deeply fitting punishment for stolen valor

August 26, 2019 at 12:49 PM

Talk about a punishment that fits the crime: a pair of Montana men who lied about serving in military to get their cases to a state veterans court ended up getting an extra lesson in respect for the U.S. armed forces.

On Friday, Cascade County District Judge Greg Pinski sentenced Ryan Morris and Troy Nelson to prison for violating the terms of their probation in two separate crimes after they both falsely represented themselves as veterans to get their cases moved to Pinski's Veterans Treatment Court.

Morris had previously claimed that he suffered from PTSD after seven combat tours in Iraq and Afghanistan, according to the Associated Press, while Nelson had somehow managed to weasel his way into the veterans court before he was exposed for stolen valor.

While Morris and Nelson were sentenced to ten years for his felony burglary conviction and five years for a drug possession conviction, respectively, Pinski tacked on some additional requirements before the two can be eligible for parole.

Aside from 441 hours of community service apiece (one for each Montanan killed in combat since the Korean War), the two must both hand-write obituaries for the 40 Montanans killed in the U.S. military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan and hand-write the names of all 6,756 U.S. service members killed in those wars.

In addition, the two must stand at the Montana Veterans Memorial in Great Falls wearing a placard that says, "I am a liar. I am not a veteran. I stole valor. I have dishonored all veterans," for eight hours on each Memorial Day and Veterans Day, according to the Associated Press.

"I want to make sure that my message is received loud and clear by these two defendants," Pinski reportedly said on Friday.


Thanks to Carl

Harvard study finds that wind turbines create MORE global warming than the fossil fuels they eliminate – and the same is true for scooters and electric cars – NaturalNews.com


Harvard study finds that wind turbines create MORE global warming than the fossil fuels they eliminate – and the same is true for scooters and electric cars

Monday, August 26, 2019 by: Ethan Huff

(Natural News) Researchers from Harvard University have made an interesting and hilarious discovery with regards to wind power, which actually causes more global warming than the burning of fossil fuels does.

While massive wind farms are said by some to be the "renewable" energy source of the future, two Harvard scientists have found that the spinning blades of these massive metal monstrosities create more climate warming than coal plants, as one prominent example of the fossil fuel energy that climate alarmists claim is creating global warming.

In fact, wind turbines are more "polluting" in terms of the heat they give off than any fossil fuel energy source currently in use, which just goes to show that so-called "clean" energy is, at least in this case, a myth.

Published in the journal Joule, the paper concluded that, if all of the electricity demands of the United States could suddenly be supplied by nothing but wind turbines, the surface of the continental states would increase in temperature by a shocking 0.24 degrees Celsius.

This figure is vastly greater than the 0.1 degree Celsius temperature reduction that climate fanatics are aiming to achieve by "decarbonizing" our nation's electricity sector before the finality of this current century.

"If your perspective is the next 10 years, wind power actually has – in some respects – more climate impact than coal or gas," says David Keith, a professor of applied physics and public policy at Harvard, and one of the study's two primary co-authors.

"If your perspective is the next thousand years, then wind power is enormously cleaner than coal or gas," he added, in a statement.

For more news about the "green" energy scam, be sure to check out GreenEnergy.news.

If we only have less than 12 years left before the world ends due to global warming, then wind power is an absolute no-go

At best, the return on "warming" investment from switching to wind power from fossil fuels will only start to become noticeable after about 100 years – and this is only after the planet undergoes a massive warming increase in the years prior.

If Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez's (AOC) warning about the world ending in 12 years due to "global warming" is actually true, then this means that wind power won't work to save our planet, even if the entirety of the energy production infrastructure was replaced in this instant with wind turbines.

"Our analysis suggests that – where feasible – it may make sense to push a bit harder on developing solar power and a bit less hard on wind," Keith carefully noted in an email about he and his colleague's findings.

But even solar panels create warming, we now know, though at levels substantially lower than wind farms. Even so, they're a better option than wind farms, which not only harm efforts to "cool" the planet in the short term, but also create illness in many of the people who live near them.

As this new study explains, when wind turbines extract energy out of the air, they effectively slow down the wind, which alters "the exchange of heat, moisture, and momentum between the surface and the atmosphere."

While the degree to which this happens is dependent upon ever-changing weather and climate patterns, it is certainly admissible that wind energy is hardly the cure-all for global warming that the climate fanatics continue to claim it is.

"So we're causing more warming with wind power by trying to reduce warming with wind power," wrote one Twitter user in response to the news.

"And we're smart people?"

For more news stories like this, be sure to check out ClimateScienceNews.com.

Sources for this article include:




News from around the world from Military periscope for 27 August

USA—CIA Does Not Gather HUMINT In U.A.E., Investigation Reveals Reuters | 08/27/2019 The U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) does not gather human intelligence (HUMINT) on the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.), according to an investigation by Reuters. Other services in the U.S. intelligence community, including the National Security Agency (NSA), conduct lower-risk electronic surveillance in the country, said two sources. The CIA works with Emirati intelligence on terrorism and similar shared threats. However, the U.S. does not recruit assets within the Emirati government, putting the Middle Eastern country on a very short list of nations where the CIA does not conduct such operations. These include the members of the Five Eyes intelligence coalition: Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the U.K. Several former officials said the longstanding practice should be reviewed, since the U.A.E. has been expanding its presence and influence in the region and beyond, including taking positions contrary to the U.S. in conflicts in Libya, Qatar, Somalia and Sudan. The Emirati government has also hired for NSA contractors to spy on targets that included Americans and is strengthening ties with Russia and China, said analysts.

USA—Trump Says Trade Talks With China To Resume British Broadcasting Corp. | 08/27/2019 President Trump says that Chinese officials have reached out to discuss resuming trade talks after the U.S. sharply increased tariffs on Chinese goods on Friday, reports BBC News. Chinese officials made two calls on Sunday night, seeking to "make a deal" on trade, Trump said on Monday at the G7 summit in France. A Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson said on Monday that it was not aware of any calls, reported Reuters. Officials emphasized that Beijing would not bow to any threats. On Friday, Trump announced that tariffs already in place on US$250 billion worth of Chinese exports would increase from 25 percent to 30 percent on Oct. 1, and tariffs on an additional US$300 billion worth of exports would start at 15 percent instead of 10 percent in September. The increases were triggered by the announcements of new Chinese tariffs on $75 billion worth of U.S. exports.

United Kingdom—HMS Defender Heads To Persian Gulf Royal Navy Press Release | 08/27/2019 The Royal Navy says it is deploying a destroyer and a frigate to the Persian Gulf to join maritime security efforts in the region. HMS Defender, a Daring-class destroyer, is sailing to the Gulf along with the Norfolk-class frigate HMS Kent. Both ships departed Portsmouth on Aug. 12, the service said on Aug. 24. The warships will join the frigate HMS Montrose, which remains stationed in the region. The Montrose has conducted over 30 missions escorting vessels transiting the Strait of Hormuz. The presence of the Defender will ensure continuous availability of a ship to accompany British-flagged merchant ships in the region, the navy said. The Defender is the second Daring-class destroyer to deploy to the Gulf since the seizure of the Iranian tanker Grace 1 off Gibraltar in July. HMS Duncan deployed to the Gulf to temporarily relieve the Montrose while the frigate underwent scheduled maintenance and a crew swap.

Turkey—Delivery Of 2nd Batch Of S-400 Air Defense Systems Underway Tass | 08/27/2019 Turkey has begun receiving a second batch of a Russian air defense systems, reports the Tass news agency (Moscow). A Russian cargo plane carrying materiel for the S-400 systems landed at Murtad air base outside of Ankara on Tuesday, reported NTV (Turkey). The Turkish Defense Ministry said that deliveries of components for the second battery were expected to run for about a month, reported the Hurriyet Daily News (Istanbul). Deliveries of the initial battery began in July. The first battery is expected to be fielded by the end of 2019, with the second to be in place around April 2020, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said previously.

Ukraine—Washington Seeks To Prevent Chinese Takeover Of Aerospace Firm Wall Street Journal | 08/27/2019 The U.S. government wants to stop a pending Chinese acquisition of a Ukrainian aviation engine manufacturer. National Security Adviser John Bolton says that the acquisition of Motor Sich, Ukraine's largest aerospace engine manufacturer, by Chinese firms could lead to the transfer of defense technology, reports the Wall Street Journal. The possible deal calls for joint control of Motor Sich between Ukroboronprom, Ukraine's state military industrial firm, and Skyrizon Aircraft and Xinwei Technology group of China, reported Ukraine Business Online. China uses 13 types of engines produced by Motor Sich, totaling more than 1,200 powerplants, reported the Ukrainian Independent Information Agency (UNIAN). The deal follows an attempt in 2016 by the Chinese owner of Skyrizon to purchase a 48.8 percent stake in Motor Sich, which was blocked by Ukraine's security services. U.S. officials are seeking to set up a meeting with Motor Sich officials to express U.S. concerns during Bolton's visit to Ukraine this week.

China—Another Round Of Drills Planned For Waters Near Taiwan Agence France-Presse | 08/27/2019 China appears to be planning another round of naval exercises near Taiwan, reports Agence France-Presse. The Zhejiang Maritime Safety Administration said that on Tuesday evening, ships would be prohibited from entering waters off the coast of the eastern Zhejiang province for 48 hours for a military exercise. The state-run Global Times reported that the drills would involve live weapon firings. This is the third exercise in waters around Taiwan this month and follows Washington's recent approval of arms sales to Taiwan that include F-16 fighter jets and M1 Abrams main battle tanks. Mainland China considers Taiwan to be a renegade province and has never ruled out the use of force to unify it with Beijing. A white paper issued in July warned of the growing threat of Taiwanese independence.

China—Police Employ Water Cannons As Protests Turn Violent South China Morning Post | 08/27/2019 Hong Kong police have used water cannons for the first time as anti-government protests escalated, reports the South China Morning Post. Two water cannon trucks were deployed on Sunday to disperse protesters after demonstration turned violent, with protesters throwing bricks and Molotov cocktails. The trucks were deployed against a group of demonstrators that broke off from a larger, sanctioned march to occupy a major thoroughfare. In another first, police officers fired a warning shot. Several officers were chased and beaten by a large group of protesters armed with clubs. Six officers drew their pistols, but only one fired, reported the BBC News. The warning shot was fired because "officers' lives were under threat," said police officials. A specialized riot police squad, called the Raptors, was also deployed against the protesters. Thirty-six people were arrested and 15 officers injured in Sunday's clashes, police said.

South Korea—Cabinet Approves Intelligence-Sharing Deal With Thailand Yonhap | 08/27/2019 The South Korean Cabinet has approved a proposal to ink a military intelligence-sharing pact with Thailand, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). The plan was approved on Tuesday during a Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Lee Nak Yon. The agreement will provide a framework for the two countries to exchange classified information as part of South Korean efforts to strengthen defense cooperation with Thailand, officials said. Seoul has concluded similar agreements with 21 countries, including the U.S. and Canada. Meanwhile, South Korea is preparing to allow its intelligence-sharing accord with Japan lapse on Nov. 23 due to an ongoing trade dispute.

Japan—New Warheads May Be Able To Penetrate Missile Defenses, Warns Defense Minister Reuters | 08/27/2019 North Korea is developing warheads for its ballistic missiles that could penetrate Japan's ballistic missile defenses, according to senior officials cited by Reuters. On Tuesday, Japanese Defense Minister Takeshi Iwaya said that missiles launched by North Korea over the weekend demonstrated an irregular flight pattern. Initial analysis suggests that the projectiles were a new type of short-range ballistic missile, a defense ministry spokesman said. The irregular flight pattern is likely designed to make it harder for the warhead to be intercepted. Japan and the U.S. have destroyers with Aegis ballistic missile defense systems in the Sea of Japan and Tokyo plans to field two Aegis Ashore batteries to strengthen its defenses. These systems are designed to defeat projectiles on standard flight paths and could be challenged by unpredictable flight patterns, analysts said.

Philippines—Manila Eyes Government-To-Government Deal With Canberra For OPVs Philippines News Agency | 08/27/2019 The Philippine navy plans to acquire six offshore patrol vessels from Australia through a government-to-government deal, reports the Philippine News Agency. Manila first announced its intention to purchase six enlarged variants of the 232-ft (80-m) Cape-class patrol vessel from the Austal Group in June, the Manila Bulletin reported at the time. Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana said that the government will use "Australian government financing (for the project)." The government-to-government deal will enable easier and faster delivery, he said. The financing agreement will also allow Manila to avoid a large capital outlay and provide a sovereign guarantee from Australia for the project. The US$573 million project is part of the Horizon Two modernization program and is intended to replace World War II-era minesweepers and corvettes that are still in service.

Indonesia—Police Arrest Militants Linked To Surabaya Bombings Antara News Agency | 08/27/2019 Indonesia's Densus 88 anti-terror police unit has arrested six individuals connected to a series of suicide bombings in Surabaya and Sidoarjo last year, reports Antara News, Indonesia's national news agency. Police arrested HS, going under the alias Hanafi alias Abu zufar, on Aug. 22 in Sampang, East Java. He was the leader of the madura branch of Jamaah Ansharut Daulah (JAD), a splinter group of Jemaah Islamiya. The leader of JAD Lamongan, BLH, alias Salman, was arrested the same day in Lamongan. Three additional arrests occurred on Aug. 23, when Densus 88 arrested three JAD Blitar members. The final arrest occurred on Aug. 24 when police arrested YT, alias Nukud, during an attempted robbery in Magetan. All are believed to be connected to the suicide bombings in Surabaya and Sidoarjo on May 13 and May 14, 2018, which killed 14 people and wounded 42 others. Thirteen perpetrators were also killed.

India—Militants Abduct Civilians, Kill 1 In Kashmir Press Trust Of India | 08/27/2019 Militants in India-administered Kashmir have kidnapped two civilians, reports the Press Trust of India. On Monday, suspected militants kidnapped two members of the nomadic Gujjar community from a forested area of the Pulwama district, said police. One of the victims was later shot to death. His body was recovered by a search-and-rescue party. Search operations for the second victim were ongoing. Police said that they apprehended one suspect and were searching for a second. The incident is the first violence against civilians since Aug. 5, when New Delhi announced that it would strip Kashmir of its special status within India and deployed thousands of additional security forces to the region.

Iran—Imagery Suggests Tehran Preparing For Another Space Launch National Public Radio | 08/27/2019 Iran may be preparing for another space launch, according to new satellite photos cited by NPR News. A satellite image taken by commercial firm Planet on Aug. 24 shows a new coat of paint on a launch pad at the Imam Khomeini Space Center in Semnan in northern Iran. Previously, the launch pad exhibited a burn scar from a failed launch and was covered in debris following a suspected flash flood earlier in the year. Other images show activity at a nearby facility where rockets are assembled. The Mehr news agency (Tehran) has reported that three rockets could be launched by March 2020. At least one satellite, the Nahid-1 communications vehicle, is believed to be ready for launch. Launch attempts in January and February both failed.

Sudan—3 Dozen Killed In Tribal Violence In Port Sudan Sudan Tribune | 08/27/2019 Deadly violence erupted last week between rival tribes in Sudan's eastern city of Port Sudan, reports the Sudan Tribune (Paris). On Monday, medical sources said that fighting between the Nuba and Beni Amer tribes over the last week killed at least 37 and injured 200. Witnesses told Reuters that they heard gunfire during the clashes, which began on Aug. 21 and continued into Aug. 24. This is the first time that authorities have observed the use of firearms in fighting between the tribes, which a spokesman for the new sovereign council blamed on unspecified external and internal interference. The army and police have been deployed to the vital port city, which serves as a key maritime access point for Sudan and South Sudan. On Sunday, the sovereign council declared a state of emergency in Port Sudan and dismissed the state's governor and director of intelligence.

Nigeria—Customs Service Seizes Military Vehicles On Their Way To Niger Premium Times | 08/27/2019 A convoy of mine-resistance all-terrain vehicles (M-ATVs) seized by the Nigerian army last week was headed to Niger, reports the Premium Times (Lagos). Nigerian army personnel seized the six M-ATVs in the northern Adamawa state early last week as they were being transported without the appropriate documentation detailing ownership, source and destination, officials said. The vehicles were handed over to the customs service on Saturday. The drivers of the vehicles said they were bringing the vehicles to Niger from Cameroon. The seizure renewed concerns over the ability of weapons and military equipment to be bought and transported in Nigeria without the knowledge of the authorities. Adamawa state has been heavily affected by the conflict with the Boko Haram terrorist group, the newspaper noted.

Angola—Congolese Refugees Begin To Head Home Amid Reports Of Improving Security United Nations Refugee Agency | 08/27/2019 Thousands of refugees have begun leaving camps in Angola to return home to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, reports the U.N. Refugee Agency. The refugees at the Lovua settlement in the Lunda Norte province were among 37,000 that fled escalating violence between armed groups and government forces in the neighboring Kasai province in the DRC. The refugees are believed to be returning because of reports of improved security and a desire to return prior to the beginning of the academic year. Some refugees have been provided transport from the Angolan government, but many are moving independently. Over 1,000 have already crossed back into the DRC, the agency said. The refugee camp had held more than 20,000 people. The U.N. Refugee Agency is working with Angola and the DRC to implement a system to ensure voluntary, dignified and sustainable returns.

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