Friday, August 23, 2019

TheList 5079

The List 5079 TGB

To All,

I hope that you all have a great weekend.



Today in Naval History

Aug. 23

1819 Commodore Oliver H. Perry, the hero of the Battle of Lake Erie, dies on board the schooner, USS Nonsuch, in Trinidad of a fever contracted during his successful efforts to suppress piracy while maintaining the friendship of Latin American governments. It was his 34th birthday.

1862 A boat crew from USS Essex, commanded by Capt. William D. Porter, is fired on by Confederate guerillas at Bayou Sara, La. In return, USS Essex shells the town.

1864 During the Civil War, Rear Adm. David G. Farraguts squadron capture Fort Morgan at Mobile Bay, Ala., winning control of Mobile Bay. The fort withstands naval bombardment for more than two weeks.

1890 USS Baltimore (Cruiser #3) departs New York Harbor to return the remains of inventor John Ericsson to his native Sweden. For the US Navy, Ericssons most notable designs are for USS Princeton and USS Monitor. In honor of Ericsson, three U.S. Navy ships have been named in his honor: the torpedo boat Ericsson (Torpedo Boat # 2), 1897-1912; and the destroyers Ericsson (DD 56), 1915-1934; and Ericsson (DD 440), 1941-1970.

1942 During Operation Europe, USS Tuscaloosa (CA 37), escorted by destroyers Rodman (DD 456) and Emmons (DD 457) and British destroyer HMS Onslaught, arrives at Murmansk, Russia, and disembark men and unloads equipment from two RAF Bomber Command squadrons that were transferred to North Russia.

1944 USS Haddo (SS 255) torpedoes Japanese destroyer Asakaze as the enemy warship is escorting tanker, Niyo Maru, 20 miles southwest of Cape Bolinao, Luzon, Philippine Islands. Asakaze later sinks near Dasol Bay after attempts at salvage fail. Also on this date, USS Tang (SS 306) attacks a Japanese convoy off Honshu, sinking cargo ship, Tsukushi Maru off Hamamatsu.

1963 The first satellite communications ship, USNS Kingsport (T AG 164) connects President John F. Kennedy with Nigerian Prime Minister Balewa who is on board for the first satellite (Syncom II) relayed telephone conversation between heads of state, in Lagos, Nigeria.

Aug. 24

1814 During the War of 1812, the British invade Md. and burn Washington, D.C. Commodore Thomas Tingey, superintendent of the Washington Navy Yard, burns the Navy Yard to prevent British access during the invasion.

1862 During the Civil War, Capt. Raphael Semmes takes command of CSS Alabama at sea off the island of Terceira, Azores, beginning his career of raiding American commerce.

1912 The collier, USS Jupiter, is launched. The vessel is the first electrically-propelled Navy ship. She is renamed USS Langley in April 1920 with the designation of aircraft carrier CV-1 and a few months later becomes the Navys first aircraft carrier in March 1922 following conversion.

1942 Task Force 61, commanded by Vice Adm. Frank J. Fletcher, engages the Japanese First Carrier Division, Third Fleet, commanded by Vice Adm. Nagumo Chuchi, during Battle of Eastern Solomons. Planes from Japanese carrier, Ryujo, bomb U.S. positions on Lunga Point but SBDs from VB-3 and TBFs from VT-8 off carrier USS Saratoga (CV 3) sink Ryujo. Additionally, USS Enterprise (CV 6) is damaged by carrier bombers from Japanese carrier, Shokaku. As a result of this battle, the Japanese recall the expedition to recapture Guadalcanal.

1943 TBF aircraft from USS Core (CVE 13) sinks the German submarine (U 185) southwest of the Azores.

1992 USS Essex (LHD 2) is commissioned without ceremony from Pascagoula, Miss., in order to take part in an emergency sortie to avoid Hurricane Andrew. After transiting through the Panama Canal, USS Essex is officially commissioned Oct. 17 at Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego.

Aug. 25

1864 CSS Tallahassee, commanded by Cmdr. John Taylor Wood, returns to Wilmington, N.C. to refuel on coal. During her more than two week raid, CSS Tallahassee destroys 26 vessels and captures seven others.

1927 USS Los Angeles (ZR 3) rises to a near-vertical position due to the sudden arrival of a cold air front that lifts the airships tail, causing it to rise before she can swing around the mast parallel to the new wind direction. Los Angeles only suffers minor damage but the affair demonstrates the risks involved with high mooring masts.

1943 Depth charges from USS Patterson (DD 392) sink the Japanese submarine RO-35, 170 miles southeast of San Cristobal Island, Solomon Islands.

1944 USS Picuda (SS 382), in attack on Japanese convoy at the western entrance to the Babuyan Channel, sinks destroyer Yunagi 20 miles north-northeast of Cape Bojeador, Philippines and merchant tanker Kotoku Maru.

1951 23 fighters from USS Essex (CV 9) escort Air Force heavy bombers in an attack on Najin, Korea due to the target being beyond range of land-based fighters.

2017 Hurricane Harvey Strikes the Texas Gulf Coast. The Navy responds by sending 10 aircraft to provide humanitarian assistance that lasts until Sept. 4.

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

• Adm. Michael Gilday became the 32nd Chief of Naval Operations, taking over for Adm. John Richardson in a change of office ceremony at the Washington Navy Yard.

• CNO Adm. Michael Gilday addressed the fleet in Navy Live Blog.

• The Wall Street Journal reports that South Korea is withdrawing from an agreement to share military intelligence with Japan, widening the rift between the two U.S. allies.

• Reuters reports that the U.S. Navy sent USS Green Bay (LPD 20) through the Taiwan Strait today, demonstrating the U.S. commitment to a free and open Indo-Pacific.


Today in History
August 23


Turks expel the crusaders under Frederick II from Jerusalem.


Scottish patriot William Wallace is hanged, drawn, beheaded, and quartered in London.


Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec on his third voyage to North America.


King George III of England refuses the American colonies' offer of peace and declares them in open rebellion.


After 11 years of war, Spain grants Mexican independence as a constitutional monarchy.


Union batteries cease their first bombardment of Fort Sumter, leaving it a mass of rubble but still unconquered by the Northern besiegers.


Booker T. Washington forms the National Negro Business League in Boston, Massachusetts.


Fanny Farmer, among the first to emphasize the relationship of diet to health, opens her School of Cookery in Boston.


The Emperor of Japan declares war on Germany.

Joseph Stalin and German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop sign a non-aggression pact between the Soviet Union and Germany, freeing Adolf Hitler to invade Poland and Stalin to invade Finland.

German forces begin an assault on the major Soviet industrial city of Stalingrad.


German SS engineers begin placing explosive charges around the Eiffel Tower in Paris.


Up to 77,000 members of the U.S. Army Organized Reserve Corps are called involuntarily to active duty to fight the Korean War.


The Arab League security pact linking seven Arab States in a military, political and economic alliance goes into effect.


The first flight of the C-130 Hercules transport aircraft takes place.


The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins: the People's Liberation Army bombards the island of Quemoy during Chinese Civil War.


Belgium sends troops to Rwanda-Urundi during bloody Tutsi-Hutu conflict.


Lunar Orbiter 1 takes the first photograph of Earth from the moon.


Pathet Lao communists occupy Vientiane, Laos.


Bryan Allen, piloting the Gossamer Condor, wins the Kremer prize for the first human-powered aircraft to fly a one-mile, figure-eight course.


The Iranian army opens an offensive against the Kurds.


Armenia declares independence from the USSR.


East and West Germany announce they will unite on Oct 3.


Osama bin Laden issues a message entitled "A declaration of war against the Americans occupying the land of the two holy places."


Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi is overthrown after National Transitional Council forces take control of the Bab al-Azizia compound during the 2011 Libyan Civil War.


A 5.8 earthquake centered at Mineral, Virginia, damages the Washington Monument, forcing the landmark to close for repairs.


An olde from the List archives

This video presents videos of a day and a night carrier landing by the same plane side-by-side. Note the mirror on the left side of the deck which is the device by which the pilot controls altitude and direction of flight during the landing approach. Watching this you will understand why I called pilots who said they enjoyed night carrier landings either liars or damn fools!

Regards, Al

Subject: Day vs Night Carrier Landing

Day / night carrier landings, side by side.


World maps . of everything imaginable!!

Thanks to Doctor Rich and Dutch


Thanks to Mike

5 minute video of beautiful exotic birds


Subject: Carrier Pilots

OK one for the NAVY !



Thanks to Jerry

Interesting Approach and landing at Chagual. Peru

New meaning to the words, "pucker up."

Asiana pilots need not apply to this airline.

Do you think that there any pilots who really like this "airport"? How about weather or at night? Gotta be restrictions there!


I'm obviously "older than dirt" ...


I remembered all 25 of them, fondly

All the food was slow

'Someone asked the other day, 'What was your favorite fast food when you were growing up?'

'We didn't have fast food when I was growing up,'

I informed him.

'All the food was slow.'

'C'mon, seriously. Where did you eat?'

'It was a place called 'at Home,'' I explained. !

'Mom cooked every day and when Dad got home from work, we sat down together at the dining room table, and if I didn't like what she put on my plate I was allowed to sit there until I did like it.'

By this time, the kid was laughing so hard I was afraid he was going to suffer serious internal damage, so I didn't tell him the part about how I had to have permission to leave the table.

But here are some other things I would have told him about my childhood if I figured his system could have handled it :

Some parents NEVER owned their own house, never wore Levis, never set foot on a golf course, never traveled out of the country or had a credit card.

In their later years they had something called a revolving charge card. The card was good only at Sears Roebuck. Or maybe it was Sears &Roebuck.

Either way, there is no Roebuck anymore. Maybe he died.

My parents never drove me to soccer practice. This was mostly because we never had heard of soccer.

I had a bicycle that weighed probably 50 pounds, and only had one speed, (slow)

We didn't have a television in our house until I was 9.

It was, of course, black and white, and the station went off the air at midnight, after playing the national anthem and a poem about God; it came back on the air at about 6 a..m. And there was usually a locally produced news and farm show on, featuring local people.

I was 21 before I tasted my first pizza, it was called 'pizza pie.' When I bit into it, I burned the roof of my mouth and the cheese slid off, swung down, plastered itself against my chin and burned that, too. It's still the best pizza I ever had.

I never had a telephone in my room. The only phone in the house was in the living room and it was on a party line. Before you could dial, you had to listen and make sure some people you didn't know weren't already using the line.

Pizzas were not delivered to our home but milk was.

All newspapers were delivered by boys and all boys delivered newspapers-- I delivered a newspaper, 7 days a week. It cost 7 cents a paper, of which I got to keep 2 cents. I had to get up at 6AM every morning.

On Saturday, I had to collect the 49 cents from his customers. My favorite customers were the ones who gave him 50 cents and told me to keep the change. My least favorite customers were the ones who seemed to never be home on collection day.

Movie stars kissed with their mouths shut. At least, they did in the movies. There were no movie ratings because all movies were responsibly produced for everyone to enjoy viewing, without profanity or violence or most anything offensive.

If you grew up in a generation before there was fast food, you may want to share some of these memories with your children or grandchildren

Just don't blame me if they bust a gut laughing.

Growing up isn't what it used to be, is it?

MEMORIES from a friend :

My Dad is cleaning out my grandmother's house (she died in December) and he brought me an old Royal Crown Cola bottle. In the bottle top was a stopper with a bunch of holes in it.. I knew immediately what it was, but my daughter had no idea. She thought they had tried to make it a salt shaker or something. I knew it as the bottle that sat on the end of the ironing board to 'sprinkle' clothes with because we didn't have steam irons. Man, I am old.

How many do you remember?

Head lights dimmer switches on the floor.

Ignition switches on the dashboard.

Heaters mounted on the inside of the fire wall.

Real ice boxes.

Pant leg clips for bicycles without chain guards.

Soldering irons you heat on a gas burner.

Using hand signals for cars without turn signals.

Older Than Dirt Quiz :

Count all the ones that you remember not the ones you were told about. Ratings at the bottom.

1. Blackjack chewing gum
2. Wax Coke-shaped bottles with colored sugar water
3. Candy cigarettes
4. Soda pop machines that dispensed glass bottles
5. Coffee shops or diners with tableside juke boxes
6. Home milk delivery in glass bottles with cardboard stoppers
7. Party lines on the telephone
8 Newsreels before the movie
9. P.F. Flyers
10. Butch wax
11.. TV test patterns that came on at night after the last show and were there until TV shows started again in the morning. (there were only 3 channels... [if you were fortunate])

12. Peashooters
13. Howdy Doody
14. 45 RPM records
15. S& H green stamps
16. Hi-fi's
17. Metal ice trays with lever
18. Mimeograph paper
19. Blue flashbulb
20. Packards
21. Roller skate keys
22. Cork popguns
23. Drive-ins
24. Studebakers
25. Wash tub wringers

If you remembered 0-5 = You're still young
If you remembered 6-10 = You are getting older
If you remembered 11-15 = Don't tell your age,
If you remembered 16-25 = You' re older than dirt!

I might be older than dirt but those memories are some of the best parts of my life.

Don't forget to pass this along!!
Especially to all your reallyOLD friends

Have a Great Day and GOD BLESS!!!!!


Thanks to Andy

"How (and When) We Entered Cold War II"

Andy Logar


Daily Military Periscope news for 23 August

USA—Amphibious Ship Sails Through Taiwan Strait Taiwan News | 08/23/2019 A U.S. Navy amphibious warship has transited the Taiwan Strait in the service's latest freedom of navigation operation, reports the Taiwan News. On Friday, USS Green Bay (LPD-20) sailed through the strait from south to north, crossing slightly east of the de-facto line separating Chinese and Taiwanese waters, reported the Liberty Times. The operation "demonstrates the U.S. commitment to a free and open Indo-Pacific," a spokeswoman for the U.S. Navy's Seventh Fleet, told Reuters. The U.S. Navy has been conducting regular transits of the Taiwan Strait amid rising tensions in the region.

USA—Problematic Missile Defense Kill Vehicle Program Cancelled Breaking Defense | 08/23/2019 The Pentagon has officially cancelled the Redesigned Kill Vehicle (RKV) being developed for the Ground-based Midcourse Defense(GMD) system, reports Breaking Defense. The cancellation of the program for "technical design problems" on Tuesday comes after the DoD announced that it was taking a "strategic pause" on the program. Boeing was ordered to stop work on the program on May 24, Defense News reported at the time. The RKV was being developed by Raytheon, acting as a subcontractor to Boeing, to replace the Exoatmospheric Kill Vehicle on the Ground-Based Interceptor. The program has suffered significant delays, with the original fielding date of 2020 being pushed back to 2025 in the fiscal 2020 budget request. A planned expansion of the GMD missile field at Fort Greely, Alaska will not be delayed by the cancellation, Missile Defense Agency officials said. The Pentagon will take data from the research and testing of the RKV to inform its next-generation interceptor program, which will include a new kill vehicle. All future interceptors for the GMD system will be of the new design, defense officials said.

USA—Air Force Awards Contract To Replace Wings On Scores More A-10s Boeing | 08/23/2019 The U.S. Air Force has awarded Boeing a contract to replace the wings on more than 100 additional A-10 attack jets, reports the defense firm. The deal, worth up to $999 million if all options are exercised, covers up to 112 wing sets and 15 wing kits, the Dept. of Defense reported on Wednesday. An initial award under the contract covered the production of 27 wing sets. The award comes soon after Boeing completed installing the final new wings under a 2007 contract. Boeing delivered 173 wing assemblies for 162 A-10s under that deal.

USA—2nd GPS III Satellite Launched For Air Force Space.Com | 08/23/2019 The United Launch Alliance has launched the second satellite for the Air Force's newest GPS constellation, reports The GPS III SV02 space craft was launched on Thursday aboard a Delta IV Medium rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla. This was the final mission for the Delta IV Medium rocket. The Delta IV Medium has a single RS-68 engine with a variable number of solid-rocket boosters (SRBs). The rocket was configured in its Medium+(4,2) configuration, consisting of a 13 foot (4-m) payload fairing and two SRBs, ULA said in a tweet. The GPS III constellation is expected to provide three times greater accuracy and up to eight times better anti-jamming capability than earlier systems, reported Breaking Defense. The first satellite is expected to be declared operational by the end of 2019, according to Lockheed Martin officials. The third spacecraft is slated for launch in January 2020, with the fourth soon to be declared ready for launch. A total of 31 GPS III satellites are planned. The first GPS III satellite was placed into orbit by a Falcon 9 rocket in December 2018.

Czech Republic—Prague Picks Bell To Supply Attack, Utility Choppers Radio Prague | 08/23/2019 The Czech government has selected Bell Helicopter to provide new attack and utility helicopters for the army, reports Radio Prague. Under the anticipated US$622 million deal, Prague will acquire eight UH-1Y Venom utility and four AH-1Z Viper attack helicopters, Defense Minister Lubomir Metnar said on Thursday. A contract is expected to be finalized before the end of the year, with deliveries scheduled for 2023. The Venom and Viper were chosen over Sikorsky's UH-60M Black Hawk. The combination of two helicopters was more appropriate than the purchase of only Black Hawk multirole aircraft, said Metnar. The Bell helicopters share about 85 percent parts commonality, noted AIN Online. The Vipers and Venoms will replace the army's aging Mi-24/Mi-35 helicopters.

Russia—Putin Orders 'Symmetric' Response After U.S. Ground-Launched Cruise Missile Test Tass | 08/23/2019 Russian President Vladimir Putin has ordered the defense ministry to prepare a "symmetric" response to Washington's ground-launched cruise missile test earlier this week, reports the Tass news agency (Moscow). Putin issued the order during a meeting of Russia's security council on Friday. The move is a response to the U.S. test-firing of a ground-launched variant of the Tomahawk cruise missile on Aug. 18. The missile traveled more than 300 miles (500 km) and accurately hit its target, said a Pentagon release. That test came 16 days after the U.S. formally withdrew from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty, which banned testing of ground-launched missiles with ranges between 310 miles (500 km) and 3,420 miles (5,550 km). The U.S. says its withdrawal from the INF was precipitated by Russian development of the 9M729 (NATO: SSC-8) cruise missile in violation of the accord.

Russia—Northern Fleet Task Force Enters Med On Long-Range Mission Tass | 08/23/2019 A flotilla from Russia's Northern Fleet has just entered the Mediterranean on a long-range deployment, reports the Tass news agency (Russia). The task force, led by the Marshal Ustinov destroyer, passed through the Strait of Gibraltar, the Northern Fleet announced on Tuesday. The Ustinov departed her home port of Severomorsk on July 3, and participated in Russia's Main Naval Parade in St. Petersburg and the navy's Ocean Shield exercise before heading to the Mediterranean. During their time in the Mediterranean, the vessels will make port calls in several countries and conduct interoperability exercises with ships from other Russian navy fleets. The Northern Fleet vessels will also conduct anti-submarine warfare exercises and anti-subversion drills for the defense of warships in an unsafe anchorage, the fleet said.

North Korea—Pyongyang Ready For Dialogue Or Standoff with U.S., Says Foreign Minister Yonhap | 08/23/2019 Top North Korean officials say they are prepared for either dialogue or a standoff with the U.S., reports the Yonhap news agency. It would be a mistake for Washington to continue with its confrontational stance, including sanctions, Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho said in a statement on Friday. If Washington's aggressive posture continues, North Korea will remain its "biggest threat," he said. In his statement, Ri called Secretary of State Mike Pompeo a "toxin" of U.S. diplomacy. Ri's remarks follow recent statements by Pompeo that sanctions will remain in place until Pyongyang takes concrete action on denuclearization, noted Reuters. On Thursday, North Korea said it had no interest in talks as long as military threats continue, citing the arrival of F-35 fighter jets in South Korea, reported the North's official Korean Central News Agency. Following a meeting with U.S. envoy Stephen Biegun on Thursday, South Korean Deputy National Security Adviser Kim Hyun Chong said that talks between the U.S. and North Korea were expected to begin soon.

Burma—Military Deliberately Employed Sexual Violence Against Rohingya, Says U.N. Report U.N. News Center | 08/23/2019 A new United Nations report says that the Burmese military demonstrated "genocidal intent" in its campaign against the predominately Muslim Rohingya ethnic group in 2017, reports the U.N. News Center. During the campaign, soldiers employed rape and sexual violence "routinely and systematically" against women, men and transgender people in blatant violation of international human-rights law, says the report from the U.N. Independent International Fact-Finding Mission, which was published on Thursday. The acts were the basis for a campaign designed to intimidate, terrorize and punish civilians in the area. Investigators interviewed survivors from Kachin, Rakhine and Shan states. A final report from the U.N. body is due in September. In August 2017, about 740,000 Rohingya fled Burma in the face of an army campaign. Burmese officials claim the offensive only targeted terrorists. The release coincided with an effort on Thursday to repatriate thousands of Rohingya living across the border in Bangladesh, noted the Dhaka Tribune. No one showed up to the train that was to carry them back to western Burma, causing officials to halt further transfers. Many Rohingya claimed that they had not volunteered to participate in the program and were being forced back, reported CNN.

Philippines—2 Soldiers Die In Clash With NPA In Samar Province Philippine Daily Inquirer | 08/23/2019 Two Philippine soldiers have been killed and one wounded in clashes with communist rebels in the central Philippines, reports the Philippine Daily Inquirer. Early Friday, soldiers from the 43rd Infantry Battalion fought militants from the New People's Army in a village near Calbayog City, Samar province. The militants were believed to have suffered casualties, but no bodies were found. The rebels often carry off the bodies of their fallen comrades to frustrate attempts to accurately assess casualties.. Troops recovered M-14 rifles following the encounter.

Israel—Teenager Killed In Suspected Terrorist Attack In W. Bank Haaretz | 08/23/2019 One Israeli civilian has been killed and two wounded in a suspected terror attack near an Israeli settlement in the West Bank, reports Haaretz (Israel). On Friday, an explosion killed a 17-year-old girl hiking near the Dolev settlement. Her father and brother were wounded. Israeli troops were deployed to the area, including the head of central command, the division commander and others, according to an army statement. Unnamed defense sources said that a large, sophisticated improvised explosive device (IED) was used in the attack. There were no immediate claims of responsibility. Palestinian groups were suspected but it was unknown if the attackers were tied to one of the major militant groups, reported the Times of Israel. Hamas chief Ismail Haniyeh said that the explosion was a message for Israel to "stay away from the powder keg called Jerusalem."

Syria—Government Forces Retake Rebel Area In N. Hama Province Syrian Arab News Agency | 08/23/2019 Syrian government forces have gained control of a strategic area of northern Hama province, reports the state-run Syrian Arab News Agency. On Friday, the military drove out rebels from the towns of Latamina, Kafar Zita, Latmin, Morek, M'aerkaba and al-Lahaya. Syrian troops imposed a "choking siege" on a Turkish observation post and rebels in the area on Thursday, reported state media cited by Reuters. Kafr Zita and Al-Latamnah were formerly held by the Jaysh Al-Izza rebel group, reported Al Masdar news, which is sympathetic to the Syrian government. The advances follows the the recapture of the strategic town of Khan Sheikhoun in neighboring Idlib province on Tuesday. Rebel control is now limited the northwestern corner of Idlib province, where they are protected in part by a string of Turkish military posts, analysts said. On Thursday, the Syrian government announced a humanitarian corridor in southern Idlib province. On April 30, Syrian government forces and their Russian allies launched a campaign to retake the areas, despite a Turkish-Russian agreement on a cease-fire in the area.

Libya—OCHA Warns Of Deadly Violence In Southwest United Nations News Service | 08/23/2019 At least 90 people have been killed and thousands more forced to flee as a result of increased fighting around the town of Murzuq in southwestern Libya, reports the U.N. News. The fighting is largely between the forces of the Libyan National Army (LNA), loyal to Khalifa Haftar, and tribal opponents. Since fighting around the town began in early August, at least 9,450 people have been displaced. Around 3,000 people fled the area in the last week due to the uptick in violence, said the International Organization for Migration. The increased casualties have been caused by airstrikes, both by crewed and uncrewed aircraft; indiscriminate attacks with artillery and rockets; and direct fighting on the ground, according to a spokesperson for the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). The agency called for more international support to provide needed humanitarian supplies.

Cameroon—Life Sentence For Separatist Leader Triggers Violence Voice Of America News | 08/23/2019 At least two people have been killed and six wounded in a series of attacks by Anglophone separatists after their leader was sentenced to life in prison by a military tribunal in Cameroon, reports the Voice of America News. On early Tuesday morning, a military court sentenced Julius Sisiku Ayuk Tabe and nine of his followers to life in prison on charges of terrorism, secession and hostility to Cameroon, reported the Guardian (U.K.). All were also fined US$50 million. On Tuesday night, separatists began chasing people off the streets of Bamenda, the capital of Cameroon's English-speaking Northwest region, witnesses said. A shoot-out with separatists in Bamenda killed at least two and injured six, the military said. Approximately 100 Cameroonians have fled to Mbouda in the Francophone West province. Experts and rights groups criticized the decision and argued that it would only worsen the violence, noted Agence-France Presse. A lawyer for the defendants said that the ruling had been pre-arranged by the court. A least 2,000 people have been killed in separatist violence over the last three years.

Angola—Chinese-Built Cargo Aircraft On The Way Defence Web | 08/23/2019 Two Xian MA60 cargo aircraft are headed to Angola for delivery, reports Defence Web (South Africa). The twin turboprop aircraft were spotted in Bangladesh on Wednesday on their ferry flight to Angola. The transports were ordered in January 2018. The aircraft will be operated by the air force's transport squadron at Air Base No.1 in Luanda, according to Scramble (Netherlands). The MA60, which is a stretched variant of the Chinese Y-7-200A, itself developed from the Russian An-24, can carry 60 passengers at speeds up to 267 mph (430 kph) with a range of 994 miles (1,600 km). Two Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127J turboprops power the aircraft.

Malawi—Half-Dozen Patrol Craft Commissioned In Mangochi Defence Web | 08/23/2019 The Malawian Defense Force (MDF) has commissioned six new vessels into service during a ceremony attended by President Peter Mutharika in Mangochi, reports Defence Web (South Africa). Two patrol vessels and four high-speed interceptors will be used by the MDF maritime unit on Lake Malawi. The vessels will be used for search-and-rescue, coastal patrol, VIP escort and humanitarian relief missions, noted Gen. Vincent Nundwe, the defense chief. China North Industries Corp. (NORINCO) built the vessels. The patrol vessels will be named after President Mutharika and Baliki Muluzi, the first freely elected president of Malawi. The interceptors are named after four former defense chiefs. The new patrol craft and interceptors will supplement seven Guardian BR850 interceptor boats received from Nautica Africa in 2013, along with several other small patrol craft already in service.

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