Wednesday, August 21, 2019

TheList 5077

The List 5077 TGB

To All,

A bit of history and some tidbits.



Today in Naval History

Aug. 20

1858 The brig, USS Dolphin, captures the slave ship, Echo, with 300 Africans on board off the north coast of Cuba. She is taken to Charleston, S.C., and those saved from slavery are later sent back to Africa.

1883 The installation of the first electric lighting on board a U.S. Navy ship is completed on board USS Trenton.

1918 During World War I, while piloting a Navy seaplane near Pola, Ensign Charles H. Hammann lands on the Adriatic Sea to rescue Ensign George H. Ludlow, whose aircraft is shot down by Austro-Hungarian forces. Though Hammann's plane is not designed for two persons, and despite the risk of enemy attack, he successfully completes the rescue and returns to the base at Porto Corsini, Italy. For Hamman's actions on this occasion, he is awarded the Medal of Honor. USS Hammann (DD 412) and USS Hammann (DE 131) are named in his honor.

1965 Gemini V is launched. Astronauts are Gordon Cooper, Jr., USAF, (Command Pilot) and Lt. Cmdr. Charles Conrad Jr., USN, (Pilot). They complete 120 orbits in almost eight days at an altitude of 349.8 km. Recovery is by helicopter from USS Lake Champlain (CVS 39).

1980 USS Truxtun (CGN 35) rescues 42 Vietnamese refugees and USS Merrill (DD 976) rescues 62 Vietnamese refugees, over 200 miles southeast of Saigon.

1993 USS Tempest (PC 2) is commissioned at Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek, Va. The third Navy ship to be named Tempest, the Cyclone-class coastal patrol ship.

2017 The guided-missile destroyer USS John S. McCain (DDG 56) is involved in a collision with the merchant vessel Alnic MC while underway east of the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. Ten Sailors lose their lives and the ship suffers significant damage to the hull resulting in flooding to nearby compartments, including crew berthing, machinery, and communications rooms.

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

• In today's national headlines the President cancels a trip to Denmark following pushback to his interest in buying Greenland and following a meeting with the NRA chief, President Trump backs away from supporting universal background checks.

• Speaking in the Philippines, U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. David Goldfein stated that the Air Force and Navy will continue patrols in the Indo-Pacific to keep waters and skies open to overflight an international navigation, reports USNI News.

• The New York Times reported on the rise of ISIS as a potential spoiler in the ongoing peace negotiations in Afghanistan.

• The Associated Press reports that Israeli and U.S. forces conducted joint exercises simulating the retaking of a hijacked ship.

This day in History August 21


The warrior Yoritomo is made Shogun without equal in Japan.


Estevao Gomes returns to Portugal after failing to find a clear waterway to Asia.


France surrenders the island of Corsica to the British.


Napoleon Bonaparte's General Junot is defeated by Wellington at the first Battle of the Peninsular War at Vimeiro, Portugal.


Nat Turner leads a slave revolt in Southampton County, Virginia that kills close to 60 whites.


The first of a series of debates begins between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas. Douglas goes on to win the Senate seat in November, but Lincoln gains national visibility for the first time.


Confederate raiders under William Quantrill strike Lawrence, Kansas, leaving 150 civilians dead.


Confederate General A.P. Hill attacks Union troops south of Petersburg, Va., at the Weldon railroad. His attack is repulsed, resulting in heavy Confederate casualties.


Italy declares war on Turkey.


U.S. Marines turn back the first major Japanese ground attack on Guadalcanal in the Battle of Tenaru. See more below


The Dumbarton Oaks conference, which lays the foundation for the establishment of the United Nations, is held in Washington, D.C.


President Harry S. Truman cancels all contracts under the Lend-Lease Act.


Hawaii is admitted into the Union.


The South Vietnamese Army arrests over 100 Buddhist monks in Saigon.


Soviet forces invade Czechoslovakia because of the country's experiments with a more liberal government.


US orbiting astronomy observatory Copernicus launched.


Mary Langdon in Battle, East Sussex, becomes Britain's first firewoman.


Operation Paul Bunyan: after North Korean guards killed two American officers sent to trim a poplar tree along the DMZ on Aug. 18, US and ROK soldiers with heavy support chopped down the tree.


In Cameroon 2,000 die from poison gas from a volcanic eruption.


Ceasefire in the 8-year war between Iran and Iraq.


Voyager 2 begins a flyby of planet Neptune.


Communist hardliners' coup is crushed in USSR after just 2 days; Latvia declares independence from USSR.


Ernesto Zedillo wins Mexico's presidential election.


The new Globe theater opens in England.


Tiger Woods wins golf's PGA Championship, the first golfer to win 3 majors in a calendar year since Ben Hogan in 1953.


NATO decides to send a peacekeeping force to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.


Thanks to Dutch…..We had an A-3 land way right of the center line on the USS Midway in 1972 while on Yankee station. We had the HC-7 SAR helo det on board and they were parked nose to tail next to the Island and it took all of them out plus it damaged a couple F-4s. That meant we had no specially equipped Navy SAR helos to go in country in all weather for the rest of the War. Fortunately the helos assigned to Red Crown's cruisers did a great job picking up the slack.

Oh sh!t moment

shows that the carrier flight deck can be a dangerous place -

thanks to Hoser


thanks to Shadow ……Who never ceases to amaze me with his personal stories list of friends and his comments on the state of the world around us. BTW I got my Air Force flight suit and O2 mask from an Air Force friend and used them both for years. That lighter mask was great.


Be sure to read the Attachment

I think even as a young Naval Aviator Stud and flying jets… Old salts were quick to warn us… "Never land at a SAC Base on a cross country, lest they have an alert and you'll be stuck". Seemed like good advice at the time. Later, more experienced, I determined it was a little like craps… the odds were you wouldn't roll a seven very often and I transposed that logic and figured that landing at a SAC Base might not be a bad idea, since the odds of me being there and them having an alert or Wing fly off at the same time were slim and none. I tested it out and found that I always got a quick turnaround and good service at a SAC Base. And then one time coming back from the west coast, I realized that Dyess AFB was in the middle of no where and might be a good choice as a refueling point. I decided to check it out. Had an early takeoff from Miramar and landed at Dyess… went into the base geedunk for a snack while they fueled my plane. Whoa! They had "Grits"… not a big deal to anyone normally, but for someone who grew up on them as a breakfast staple… after that discovery… Dyess was my number one choice for a fuel stop going from west to east. Got good vibes from Dyess… and BTW… they were real grits and they knew how to cook them, weren't that crap "Quick Grits" stuff. Anyway… my affinity for Dyess ended up to be a great good fortune for me later on… See Attachment above… Shadow


Thanks to Dutch

Bit by bit – and with the help of the previous administration which turned a blind eye to China populating the South China Sea with military bases - Dutch

China has power to crush U.S. in Pacific within hours

Study faults shortfalls in budget, investment


The era of U.S. dominance in the Pacific is over, a study claims, with China now capable of launching devastating military attacks that could crush American forces in the region in a matter of hours.

A startling study from the University of Sydney's United States Studies Center argues that decades of military engagements, budget shortfalls, a lack of investment in military technologies and other factors have cost the U.S. the edge it has held in the Indo-Pacific region since the end of World War II. A Chinese attack, the Australian researchers say, could overwhelm U.S. forces in the air and at sea.

President Trump brushed off those warnings and said any military confrontation between the world's leading superpowers would end badly for Beijing.

"We have the strongest military in the world right now," Mr. Trump said. "Right now there's nobody that's even close to us militarily — not even close.

"They'd pay a price they wouldn't want to pay," the president said of any Chinese aggression against U.S. assets in the Pacific.

But concern is growing inside the Pentagon and on Capitol Hill that, in a worst-case scenario, the U.S. military is ill-equipped and ill-positioned to deal with an all-out Chinese offensive. The Defense Department's "Indo-Pacific Strategy" report released this year focuses on containing Chinese expansion in the Pacific and bolstering partnerships with key regional allies such as Japan and Australia, but researchers say Washington hasn't made the necessary investments to prepare for a full-scale military attack.

"The combined effect of ongoing wars in the Middle East, budget austerity, underinvestment in advanced military capabilities and the scale of America's liberal order-building agenda has left the U.S. armed forces ill-prepared for great power competition in the Indo-Pacific," the University of Sydney study says. "Chinese counter-intervention systems have undermined America's ability to project power into the Indo-Pacific, raising the risk that China could use limited force to achieve a fait accompli victory before America can respond; and challenging U.S. security guarantees in the process."

While China's defense budgets surge as the country emerges as an economic superpower, officials in Beijing deny they are crafting plans for any such assault.

"What I can tell you is that China unswervingly follows the path of peaceful development and a national defense policy that is defensive in nature," Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang told reporters.

The report was released against the backdrop of broader tensions between the U.S. and China over a host of issues. The two nations remain embroiled in an increasingly bitter trade war — a policy tack that Mr. Trump defended Tuesday — and have repeatedly clashed over China's expansive sovereignty claims in the South China Sea.

Late last week, the Trump administration approved an $8 billion sale of F-16 fighter jets to Taiwan. Beijing has condemned the weapons sale to a state it considers a renegade province of the mainland.

The U.S. also is closely monitoring Beijing's response to protests in Hong Kong amid fears China could respond militarily or even impose martial law. Prominent lawmakers are urging the White House to prepare a slate of options should the Chinese government mount a violent crackdown.

Power shift

"We ought to reconsider the kind of visas that we give to senior level Chinese officials, or the number of Chinese nationals we allow into our universities," Sen. Tom Cotton, Arkansas Republican, told radio host Hugh Hewitt on Tuesday. "We could also just say simply that trade talks will no longer go forward and the tariffs will remain in place."

China's newfound military supremacy in the Pacific complicates each of those issues and adds another dangerous layer to the Sino-American relationship.

In recent years, the U.S. has routinely condemned China's claim to islands in the South China Sea and its broader effort to exert power and influence in the region. U.S. forces also regularly sail warships throughout the Pacific to assert "freedom of navigation" rights in international waters.

But if push comes to shove, scholars say, the U.S. would stand little chance against an assault from China's People's Liberation Army.

"Asymmetries in power, time, distance and interest would all work against an effective American response," the Australian study concluded. "Under present-day U.S. posture in the region, most American and allied bases and forward-deployed ships, troops and aircraft would struggle to survive a PLA salvo attack, and would be initially forced to focus on damage limitation rather than blunting the thrust of a Chinese offensive.

"American forces that are able to operate would be highly constrained in the early phases of a crisis — lacking air and naval dominance, outnumbered by their PLA equivalents and severely challenged by the loss of enabling infrastructure, like functioning airstrips, fuel depots and port facilities, all of which would be at least temporarily degraded by precision strikes," the study continues.

Specifically, China has made huge military investments in recent years, leading to its undeniable advantage. The nation has produced hundreds of fighter aircraft and dozens of cutting-edge submarines and warships, the study said, most of which could be immediately thrown into a fight with the U.S.

China has an estimated 570 missile launchers that could be used in war, an increase of nearly 100 over its 2014 arsenal, underscoring the massive buildup in just five years.

The situation remains at the top of the priority list inside the Pentagon, which under Mr. Trump has refocused its core mission on countering competing world powers such as China.

Defense Secretary Mark Esper traveled to the Pacific earlier this month and spoke extensively with allies about the need to counter an increasingly bold Beijing, though he and other officials typically don't discuss the possibility of direct military confrontation.

"It's pretty vast in terms of where they're going or where they're touching," Mr. Esper said during his trip. "We've got to be able to compete with them. … We've got to be conscious of the toeholds that they're trying to get into many of these countries."

His predecessor at the Pentagon, Patrick M. Shanahan, memorably listed his priorities during his brief tenure as acting secretary of defense as "China, China, China." In May, Mr. Shanahan unveiled a revamped Indo-Pacific strategy for the U.S. military that centers on ensuring sovereignty of all nations, and freedom of navigation and flight in and over the South China Sea.

To counter China's growing claims in the South China Sea, Defense Department officials said they will make unprecedented investments in cyber and space defense, undersea warfare, tactical aircraft, missile defense and a host of other areas.

Indeed, the University of Sydney study argues that the U.S. must ramp up its military presence in the Pacific, launch new military exercises and partnerships with key allies in the region, pour more money into hypersonic technology and other cutting-edge weapons, and take other steps to avoid falling further behind.

Copyright (c) 2019 Washington Times , Edition 8/21/2019

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Thanks to Ed

1942- The Year of the Aircraft Carrier; Part 10 – Guadalcanal Campaign Major Events Overview

Guadalcanal is no longer merely a name of an island in Japanese military history. It is the name of the graveyard of the Japanese army.

—Major General Kiyotake Kawaguchi

Commander, 35th Infantry Brigade at Guadalcanal

Unlike the Battle of Midway which was almost entirely a carrier vs. carrier battle, the fight to gain and hold Guadalcanal was a land, sea, land-based air, and sea-based air six month give and take. Each element was dependent on the other and the equality of the Japanese and American carrier airpower played a major part in neither side gaining lasting superiority and drove how each side chose to attack and defend. It was one thing to defend Midway operating in open ocean; being closely tied to the geography of the island and surrounding waters to provide air support was a whole other thing. With intelligence far inferior to that during Midway and communications lost or not passed on, the context of the two carrier battles was like playing "blind-man's bluff" - on both sides. Staying in one general area exposed the carriers to the almost constant threats of submarine, land and sea based air attack. There was much to be learned – at the expense of all participants.

Operational learning in this emerging warfare environment was also critical in regard to preparation for support of the planned operations of 1943-45 along the pathway to Japan itself. Indeed carrier aviation in 1945 would barely resemble that of '42. Although somewhat lengthy, context and brief reference are necessary to understand the evolution of carriers to include expeditionary warfare. This post provides abbreviated summaries of the main battles of the Operation Watchtower campaign.


Thanks to Jim Pat and Dick

Subject: Re: Marine Pilots

Can't say enough about all of our pilots. I tend to be partial to Marines, but the Army has saved my ass a couple of times and working with the Coast Guard in a JTF environment down south impressed me tremendously. Those folks can fly the crap out of a helicopter!!

God Bless the all. I am just glad we have the folks who still want to "strap" it on and go find somebody to help or harm!!!


Thanks to Richard

Subject: The Lone Ranger No Longer Rides - in California

This could be a true story very shortly in CA. or maybe anywhere USA

The Lone Ranger No Longer Rides - in California

The Lone Ranger was arrested in Lone Pine, California for the crime of illegally transferring silver bullets. The famed masked man had just apprehended an armed felon after shooting the gun out of his hand. As was his practice for the last eighty years, he gave a silver bullet to the outlaw's victim.

She was a kindly old widow who was robbed and held captive by the desperado. This lady, grateful that her life and property were restored, treasured the silver bullet as a symbol that justice was done.

The trouble started when she showed the bullet to her weekly garden club. Upon seeing the gleaming memento, one lady fainted. Another lady gasped that they were all going to die. A third lady, who was also a member of CHA (California Hysterics Anonymous), warned that where there was a bullet there had to be a gun. During the shocked silence an attendee desperately summoned the Sheriff on her cell phone.

When the Sheriff heard their story he struggled to stifle a laugh. He knew the old gentleman on the big white horse. He also appreciated how many criminals the Lone Ranger had captured over the years. However, since California voters passed Proposition 63, he had to uphold the law.

Predictably, he found the masked man enjoying a beer at the Dry Gulch Saloon back in town.

"Thanks for helping old widow Smith," he said, "but did you really give her a silver bullet?"

"Yes," replied the Lone Ranger, "after all that's my trademark. Got a problem with that?"

"Well, yes," hesitated the sheriff. "Ya see – under Proposition 63, you've got to be a licensed firearms dealer to give anyone a bullet."

"Are you kidding?" asked the Lone Ranger.

"Wish I was," said the embarrassed sheriff, "and to boot whoever receives the bullet has to be registered with the Department of Justice."

"Holy guacamole!" exclaimed the masked man. "Did I do anything else wrong?"

"Well," said the sheriff, looking even more sheepish now, "there's the little matter of you shooting a gun out of the outlaw's hand."

"What!" said the Lone Ranger. "If I hadn't done that, the skunk would have plugged me for sure."

"I know that," admitted the Sheriff, "but he'll probably sue you for failing to retreat and using unnecessary force. If they convict you, they'll take your six-shooters away for good. Which reminds me, according to California law, your pistols have too large a capacity. If I were you, I'd convert those six-shooters into five-shooters as quick as you can."

"Jumpin' Junipers!" exclaimed the Lone Ranger. "I'd better tell this to my faithful Indian companion, Tonto."

"Hold on," said the Sheriff. "I need to remind you that Indians are now referred to as Native Americans. We privileged male palefaces have got to remember that."

As the Lone Ranger sat in shocked silence, the sheriff explained his rights and proceeded to take him in.

Postscript: Upon being provided an attorney at state expense, the outlaw successfully sued the Lone Ranger. He claimed that he could no longer work since he had suffered the permanent loss of his trigger finger.

Governor Gavin Newsom urged imposing the maximum sentence for possession of illegal ammunition and a firearm that exceeds lawful capacity. He received a huge monetary award, forcing the Lone Ranger to sell the silver mine.

Tonto was deemed innocent, but victimized by virtue of being a member of an oppressed minority. He was given land by the state and now operates a very profitable casino.

After getting out of jail, the Lone Ranger could not find a job since he was now an ex-con. Fortunately, Tonto lets him do light janitorial work at the casino and sleep in the basement.

Following the passage of Proposition 63, violent crime in California has steadily increased. Governor Newsom advises troubled property owners to protect themselves by posting signs that say, "Keep Out—Gun Free Zone".


Sea-Level Hysteria Falls Short on Science - Liberty Nation



USA—New Space Command To Stand Up On Aug. 29 USA Today | 08/21/2019 A new unified combatant command focused on space is scheduled to be activated on Aug. 29, reports USA Today. Vice President Mike Pence and Pentagon officials announced the launch of Space Command at a meeting of the National Space Council on Tuesday. The command will inherit 87 units whose responsibilities include missile warning, satellite operations, space control and space support, said Gen. Joe Dunford, the outgoing commander of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, as reported by Defense News. Air Force Gen. John Raymond was confirmed to head the command in June. The move would align the National Reconnaissance Office with the new command, said acting Director of National Intelligence Joseph Maguire, as cited by Space News. Maguire said that the decision was one of 50 proposed by 14 defense and intelligence organizations, which have been submitted to the White House for review. The new command will initially operate out of the National Space Defense Center in Colorado Springs, Colo. The Air Force expects to approve its preferred location for the command by the end of the summer, reported The move is an important step in standing up an independent service to serve as a force provider for space-related operations, officials said. Creating a new independent service still requires congressional approval. Pence said he expects lawmakers to approve the move in the near future.

USA—Air Force Wraps Up Red Flag Drills In Alaska For 2019 Air Force News Service | 08/21/2019 The Pacific Air Forces has wrapped up the final Red Flag-Alaska exercise of 2019, reports the Air Force News Service. The exercise was notable for being the first to include agile combat employment scenarios. Under the scenarios, aircraft practiced landing in an austere environment to refuel and rearm without basic infrastructure. The U.K., Australia and Canada also participated in the exercise, which involved 100 aircraft and more than 1,500 personnel from over 12 units, the Air Force said. The training enabled each unit to exchange tactics, techniques and procedures as well as strengthen interoperability. The next Red Flag-Alaska exercise is scheduled for the spring of 2020.

USA—China Strengthening Position In Asia At Cost Of U.S. Primacy, Says Report Defense News | 08/21/2019 A new think tank report warns that China is gaining strength in the Indo-Pacific region and could knock the U.S. from its position of military primacy there, reports Defense News. China's increasing strength could make a counter-move by the U.S. extremely costly should Beijing secure a military or strategic advantage, according to the report published by the United States Studies Center in Sydney, Australia. The report argues that the cost of commitments in the Middle East and elsewhere as well as inadequate budgets, underinvestment in advanced military technologies and China's military modernization have weakened the U.S. position. China's focus on "counter-intervention" efforts, or anti-access/area denial systems like long-range precision ballistic and cruise missiles, which can threaten U.S. and allied bases and installations in the Western Pacific, have shifted the regional balance of power. Such weapons could target U.S. forward bases in the first island chain and force any U.S. counter-offensive to fight its way in from as far out as Hawaii. The report calls on Australia, the U.S. and their Pacific partners to increase collective defense and cooperation as well as invest in infrastructure, logistics and weapons to counter China's advantages.

China—Z-8G Medevac Helicopter Debuts At Exercise In Laos China Military Online | 08/21/2019 China's new Z-8G rescue helicopter has been deployed abroad for the first time, reports China Military Online. The helicopter is part of China's contribution to the bilateral Peace Train humanitarian exercise with Laos. The domestically developed Z-8G can perform search-and-rescue, emergency first aid and fast evacuation missions in peacetime and during a conflict. A variety of medical equipment is fitted, including a ventilator, charging devices, oxygen supply and stretchers. Multiple injured personnel can be carried. The joint exercise demonstrates the helicopter's maneuverability and flexibility in rescue missions, officials said. The role of such medical evacuation helicopters will be of growing importance as China looks to engage in an increasing number of international peacekeeping and humanitarian missions, said the defense ministry.

Taiwan—Potential F-16 Purchase From U.S. Takes Another Step U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency | 08/21/2019 The U.S. State Dept. has formally approved the sale of 66 F-16 fighter jets to Taiwan, reports the U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency. The proposed US$8 billion deal covers 66 F-16C/D Block 70 aircraft; 75 F110 General Electric engines; 75 Link 16 data links; 75 Improved Programmable Display Generators (iPDG); 75 APG-83 active electronically scanned array (AESA) radars; 75 Modular Mission Computers 7000AH; and 75 LN-260 embedded GPS/INS. The approval also covers 75 20-mm M61 Vulcan guns; 138 LAU-129 multipurpose launchers; six FMU-139D/B fuzes for guided bombs; six FMU-139D/B inert fuzes for guided bombs; six FMU-152 fuzes for guided bombs; six Mk 82 filled inert bombs for guided bombs; and three KMU-572 Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) tail kits. The possible sale would enhance Taiwan's ability to defend its airspace, support regional security and enhance interoperability with the U.S., the agency said. On Wednesday, a spokesman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry threatened sanctions against firms involved in the sale of F-16s to Taiwan, reported Agence France-Presse.

North Korea—Pyongyang Able To Miniaturize Nuclear Warheads, Says Japanese White Paper Yomiuri Shimbun | 08/21/2019 North Korea has achieved the miniaturization of nuclear warheads, according to an early draft of Japan's 2019 defense white paper seen by the Yomiuri Shimbun. The defense ministry's 2018 white paper suggested the possibility that Pyongyang had successfully created miniaturized nuclear warheads. The development, including the potential for such warheads to be mounted on ballistic missiles, poses a serious and imminent threat to Japan, according to the draft. In January, South Korea released a defense white paper that noted considerable advancements in the North's ability to miniaturize nuclear weapons, reported Reuters. The Japanese defense policy document is scheduled to be approved by the Cabinet next month. This is the first time that Japan has concluded that North Korea has achieved nuclear warhead miniaturization. The U.S. has for years believed that Pyongyang had the capability. A leaked 2017 Defense Intelligence Agency reported indicated that North Korea had likely produced a warhead that it could fit on ballistic missiles.

Australia—Canberra Signs On To U.S. Maritime Mission In Persian Gulf Australian Broadcasting Corporation | 08/21/2019 Australia has agreed to join the U.S.-led maritime security mission in the Persian Gulf, reports ABC News (Australia). On Wednesday, Prime Minister Scott Morrison said Australia would join the mission with a modest and time-limited contribution. A P-8A Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft would join the mission for a month before the end of 2019, while an Australian frigate would begin a six-month mission in January 2020, he said, as cited by Agence France-Presse. Around 15-16 percent of crude oil and 25-30 percent of refined oil purchased by Australia goes through the Strait of Hormuz, Morrison said. About 200 military personnel would deploy as part of the mission. Some would begin arriving at the mission's headquarters in coming weeks, said Defense Minister Linda Reynolds. The acting opposition leader and defense spokesman for the Labor party called the decision appropriate. Australia is the third country to sign onto the mission, following Bahrain and the U.K.

Indonesia—More Troops Headed To W. Papua As Protests Continue Agence France-Presse | 08/21/2019 Additional security personnel have been deployed to Indonesia's West Papua province in response to ongoing demonstrations, reports Agence France-Presse. On Wednesday, demonstrators in the central city of Timika threw rocks at police and tried to rip down a fence surrounding the local Parliament building. Earlier this week, protesters in Manokwari set fire to local government buildings and businesses. In Sorong, more than 250 inmates escaped after demonstrators attacked a prison. Government and Papuan officials said that 1,200 additional troops and police would be sent to Manokwari and Sorong. Anger has grown after police detained 43 Papuan students in the city of Surabaya in East Java province following reports that they had destroyed an Indonesian flag on Indonesia's independence day, Aug. 17. There are also allegations that security forces or other protesters had used racial slurs against the students. Indonesia annexed West Papua following a controversial referendum in 1962.

Philippines—Foreign Vessels Must Get Clearance To Pass Through National Waters, Says Duterte Philippine Daily Inquirer | 08/21/2019 Foreign vessels must notify Philippine authorities of their intentions and receive permission before passing through the Philippine's territorial waters, said President Rodrigo Duterte, as cited by the Philippine Daily Inquirer. President Duterte made the announcement on Tuesday. A presidential spokesperson said that Manila was prepared to "enforce it in an unfriendly manner," if vessels did not comply, including through the use of military force. China was specifically called out for violating Philippine territorial waters in the past. The new policy, which requires vessels to gain clearance "well in advance of the actual passage" is intended to prevent future misunderstandings, the spokesperson said as quoted by the South China Morning Post. U.S. vessels operating in Philippine waters regularly inform Philippine authorities, noted an expert. The move appears to form part of a more aggressive stance towards China on the part of Duterte. Some analysts described it as a ploy to demonstrate that he is fighting for Philippine interests in response to potential unhappiness in the military, which is uncomfortable with China. Duterte has also indicated that he will bring up an arbitration ruling over Philippine claims in the South China Sea during a visit to China next week.

Philippines—Foreign Vessels Must Get Clearance To Pass Through National Waters, Says Duterte Philippine Daily Inquirer | 08/21/2019 Foreign vessels must notify Philippine authorities of their intentions and receive permission before passing through the Philippine's territorial waters, said President Rodrigo Duterte, as cited by the Philippine Daily Inquirer. President Duterte made the announcement on Tuesday. A presidential spokesperson said that Manila was prepared to "enforce it in an unfriendly manner," if vessels did not comply, including through the use of military force. China was specifically called out for violating Philippine territorial waters in the past. The new policy, which requires vessels to gain clearance "well in advance of the actual passage" is intended to prevent future misunderstandings, the spokesperson said as quoted by the South China Morning Post. U.S. vessels operating in Philippine waters regularly inform Philippine authorities, noted an expert. The move appears to form part of a more aggressive stance towards China on the part of Duterte. Some analysts described it as a ploy to demonstrate that he is fighting for Philippine interests in response to potential unhappiness in the military, which is uncomfortable with China. Duterte has also indicated that he will bring up an arbitration ruling over Philippine claims in the South China Sea during a visit to China next week.

India—2 Dead In Kashmir Clash Press Trust India | 08/21/2019 A suspected militant and a police officer have been killed in fighting in India-administered Kashmir, reports the Press Trust of India. On Wednesday, a militant attacked security forces with a grenade during a search operation in the Ganie-Hamam area of the Baramulla district, reported Al Jazeera (Qatar). One police officer was killed and another wounded in the clash. The suspected gunman was also killed. Authorities said the attacker was a known member of Lashkar-e-Tayyiba. Weapons and ammunition were recovered from the site, officials said. Following the encounter, some civilians attacked security forces with stones, a common occurrence in the region, reported the Hindu(Chennai). The attack was the first reported clash with a militant group in Kashmir since Aug. 5, when the central government pushed two measures that would strip the state of special rights. The move was accompanied by a massive deployment of security forces to the region.

India—Jaguar Strike Jet Re-Engining Program In Jeopardy over High Costs The Print | 08/21/2019 The Indian air force is looking to cancel a program to replace the engines on its Jaguar strike aircraft, potentially replacing them with new Su-30MKI fighter jets, reports the Print (New Delhi). The 1980s era Rolls-Royce Adour 811 engines on the Jaguar have seen thrust reductions of between 15 and 30 percent. As a result, the strike aircraft can no longer carry their maximum payload. Plans called for the Adour engines to be replaced with Honeywell F-125IN engines, but the price quoted by the firm and Hindustan Aeronautics for the re-engining work is too high, said an unnamed source. The Jaguar fleet is already in the midst of an avionics upgrade, which is seven years behind schedule. If the engine's thrust declines below a certain point, the entire fleet could be grounded. As a result, the air force is considering buying additional Su-30MKIs to fill the capability gap that will emerge when the Jaguars are grounded.

Bahrain—Government Announces Plans to Join U.S.-Led Maritime Security Coalition U.S. Central Command | 08/21/2019 Bahrain has agreed to join the U.S.-led maritime security coalition in the Persian Gulf, the first Gulf state to do so, reports the U.S. Central Command. On Monday, King Hamad bin Isa Al-Khalifa announced that his country would join the coalition during a meeting with Gen. Kenneth McKenzie, the CENTCOM chief, reported the official Bahrain News Agency. Bahrain will join the U.S. and U.K. in securing the free passage of vessels through the Gulf. Bahraini and U.S. officials have not made public how Bahrain will participate in the coalition. Israeli Foreign Minister Israel Katz previously indicated that Tel Aviv would provide intelligence and other support to the coalition, noted Rudaw (Iraqi Kurdistan). The coalition was formed after the Iranian seizure of the British-flagged Stena Imperio, which followed the British seizure of an Iranian oil-tanker, Grace 1, in Gibraltar for attempting to transport oil to Syria in violation of European Union sanctions. The Grace 1 was released earlier this week.

Yemen—Houthis Shoot Down Reaper Drone Outside Sanaa Anadolu News Agency | 08/21/2019 Houthi rebels in Yemen say they have shot down a U.S. drone over the Dhamar governorate, southeast of the capital, Sanaa, reports the Anadolu Agency (Ankara). On Tuesday, the Houthis used a locally-developed missile to down a U.S. MQ-9 Reaper air vehicle, reported the Houthi-run Al Masirah television network. A Houthi spokesman said the new missile would be unveiled soon. An unnamed U.S. official confirmed to CNN that a U.S. MQ-9 drone had been shot down over Yemen by a surface-to-air missile. Washington believes the missile was provided to the Houthis by Iran, the official said. It was not immediately clear if the air vehicle was being operated by the U.S. military or intelligence community.

Egypt—11 Suspected Terrorists Killed In Shootout In Sinai Egypt Independent | 08/21/2019 The Egyptian military says it has killed 11 suspected terrorists in the Sinai peninsula, reports the Egypt Independent. On Tuesday, security forces raided a farm in the Obour district of Arish, in the peninsula's north, said the interior ministry. Police had received information that the site was being used to plan attacks. Gunmen at the farm opened fire on security forces, officials said. The ministry did not identify the individuals or groups involved. Many militants in the area are members of Sinai Province, the local ISISaffiliate. Police recovered several guns, two explosives and an explosive belt.

Chad—Cabinet Imposes State Of Emergency After Deadly Clashes Radio France Internationale | 08/21/2019 The Council of Ministers in Chad has declared a state of emergency in three regions after 50 people were killed in intercommunal clashes over the last three weeks, reports Radio France Internationale. The emergency state will run for 21 days in the Tibesti region on the border with Niger and the Sila and Ouaddai regions in the east near Sudan. The move "will help maintain and restore public order and security, as well as permanent and effective control of borders," said a government statement. On Sunday, President Idriss Deby declared a three-month state of emergency in Sila and Ouaddai, reported Al Jazeera (Qatar). Fighting between nomadic camel herders from the Zaghawa ethnic group and sedentary farmers from the Ouaddian community, which has killed at least 50 people since Aug. 9, drove the government's decision. A drought and population growth, as well as the flow of weapons from neighboring countries, have been blamed for the violence.

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