Monday, August 19, 2019

TheList 5074



The List 5074 TGB

To All,

I hope that you all have a great weekend.

Regards,

Skip


Today in Naval History


Aug. 16





1822—USS Grampus investigates and pursues a brig flying Spanish colors. When called upon to surrender, the privateer brig Palmyra from Puerto Rico fires cannon and musket fire. USS Grampus fires back on Palmyra's broadsides reducing Palmyra's rigging to a complete wreck, killing one and wounding six. The brig surrenders with a crew of 88, one long 18-pounder gun and eight 18-pound carronades.


1863—During the Civil War, three Union ships, USS Rhode Island, USS De Soto and USS Gertrude each capture steamers loaded with cargoes of turpentine, cotton, tobacco, coffee, cigars and dry goods from the Bahama Islands to the Gulf of Mexico to Cuba.


1864—During the Civil War, USS Saratoga, commanded by Cmdr. George Colvocoresses, captures 100 prisoners and a quantity of arms on a raid into McIntosh County, GA. Cmdr.


1944—USS Croaker (SS 246) sinks Japanese auxiliary minesweeper, Taito Maru.


1954—Operation Passage to Freedom begins. The operation transports refugees from Haiphong to Saigon, Vietnam.


1958—USS Seadragon (SSN 584) launches at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard.


1986—USS Nevada (SSBN 733) is commissioned at Groton, CT. The Ohio-class ballistic-missile submarine is the fourth named after the Silver State.


2009—USNS Matthew Perry (T-AKE 9) is christened and launched at San Diego, CA. The Lewis and Clark-class dry cargo ship is named to honor Commodore Matthew C. Perry, who led the expedition to open trading between the West and Japan.



Aug. 17


1812—The frigate, USS President, captures British schooner, HMS L'Adeline, in the North Atlantic.


1841—Secretary of the Navy George E. Badger signs that the Chief Clerk's signature is valid on the certified copy of the medal citation awarded to Capt. Stephen Decatur, for his gallantry in action against the British frigate, HMS Macedonian, on Oct. 25, 1812.


1942—The submarines USS Nautilus (SS 168) and USS Argonaut (SM 1) land more than 200 Marines on Makin Island, Gilbert Islands, in the first amphibious attack made from submarines.


1943—Army troops enter Messina terminating the campaign in Sicily. Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron 15 conducts unopposed landings from motor torpedo boats (PT 215), (PT 216) and (PT 217) on islands of Lipari and Stromboli. Commander Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron 15, Lt. E.A. Dubose, accepts the unconditional surrender of the Lipari Islands (Alicudi, Filicudi, Vulcano, Stromboli, Salina and Lipari). Destroyer Trippe (DD 403) covers the operation.


1959—Adm. Arleigh A. Burke, is reappointed as Chief of Naval Operations for his third, two-year term, serving the longest as Chief of Naval Operations.


1962—The Navy's first hydrofoil patrol craft, USS High Point (PCH 1) is launched at Seattle, WA.


2002—USS McCampbell (DDG 85) is commissioned at San Francisco, CA. The Arleigh Burke-class destroyer is named for Medal of Honor recipient Capt. David McCampbell, the Navy's leading ace pilot during World War II.


2017—Expeditionary sea base USS Lewis B. Puller (ESB 3) is commissioned in a ceremony at Khalifa bin Salman Port in Al Hidd, Bahrain. The ship honors Lt. Gen. Lewis Burwell "Chesty" Puller, a distinguished combat veteran of World War II and the Korean War. The commissioning transitions the ship, previously a U.S. naval ship (USNS), to a U.S. naval warship.


Aug. 18


1918—The first naval railway gun, a 14-inch, 50 caliber, Mark IV Navy gun mounted on a railway carriage, became operational in St. Nazaire, France during World War I. The "rail guns" operated until the end of the war.


1838—The Exploring Expedition led by Lt. Charles Wilkes embarks on a world cruise.


1908—The first Navy Nurse Corps superintendent, Esther Voorhees Hasson, is appointed. Under her leadership, 19 additional nurses are recruited and trained for naval service during 1908.


1943—USS Philadelphia (CL 41) and USS Boise (CL 47) and four destroyers shell Gioia, Taura, and Palmi on the Italian mainland.


1966—The first ship-to-shore satellite radio message is sent from USS Annapolis (AGMR 1) in the South China Sea to Pacific Fleet Headquarters at Pearl Harbor.


1995—USS Tucson (SSN 770) is commissioned at Naval Station Norfolk. The Los Angeles-class nuclear-powered fast attack submarine is the second to be named for the city in Arizona.


Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:


• Multiple outlets report that North Korea has fired two short-range ballistic missiles off the country's east coast in the sixth round of missile tests in the recent weeks.


• The New York Times reports that Gibraltar released the Iranian oil tanker impounded six weeks ago despite a request by the United States to seize the ship.


• USNI News reported the Navy is continuing its drive to better train junior surface warfare officers, rolling out new courses in San Diego and Norfolk to try to increase the overall proficiency of these officers before they show up to ships.


Today in History August 16


1513


Henry VIII of England and Emperor Maximilian defeat the French at Guinegatte, France, in the Battle of the Spurs.

1777


France declares a state of bankruptcy.

1780


American troops are badly defeated by the British at the Battle of Camden, South Carolina.

1812


American General William Hull surrenders Detroit without resistance to a smaller British force under General Issac Brock.

1858


U.S. President James Buchanan and Britain's Queen Victoria exchange messages inaugurating the first transatlantic telegraph line.

1861


Union and Confederate forces clash near Fredericktown and Kirkville, Missouri.

1863


Union General William S. Rosecrans moves his army south from Tullahoma, Tennessee to attack Confederate forces in Chattanooga.

1896


Gold is discovered in the Klondike of Canada's Yukon Territory, setting off the Klondike Gold Rush.

1914


Liege, Belgium, falls to the German army.

1945


Lieutenant General Jonathan Wainwright, who was taken prisoner by the Japanese on Corregidor on May 6, 1942, is released from a POW camp in Manchuria by U.S. troops.

1965


The Watts riots end in south-central Los Angeles after six days.

1977


Elvis Presley dies of a heart attack in the upstairs bedroom suite area of his Graceland Mansion in Memphis, Tennessee.

1984


The safe of the sunken ocean liner Andrea Doria is opened on TV after three decades, revealing cash and certificates but no other valuables.

1986


Sudanese rebels shoot down a Sudanese Airways plane, killing 57 people.

1987


Astrological alignment of sun, moon and six planets marks what believers maintain is the dawning of a New Age.

1988


IBM introduces artificial intelligence software.

1990


Iraq orders 2,500 Americans and 4,000 British nationals in Kuwait to Iraq, in the aftermath of Iraq's invasion of that country.

2012


In South Africa police fire on striking mine workers, killing at least 34.



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For those that like Aircraft pictures and the second one is going through the star wars canyon


Thanks to Dutch ...


Great photos of the last EAA AirVenture Airshow at

https://youtu.be/Xa08slve--E


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From NHHC


Team Naval History,

A hundred years ago, on Aug. 18, 1918, the first naval railway gun became operational in France during World War I. The Allies developed railway guns in response to the Germans' long-range artillery guns, such as the Leugenboom, that enabled the Germans to bombard Dunkirk from a distance of over 24 miles. NHHC's website includes several pages of detailed history on the railway batteries, as well as a large selection of historic photos from the period, including several of Capt. Charles P. Plunkett—later Rear Adm. Plunkett—who commanded the U.S. naval railway batteries.

WW1@100—First Railway Gun Becomes Operational


During World War I, the Allies were seeking a way to defend themselves from German long-range artillery guns and bombard the German supply and concentration positions behind the front. The solution came in the form of a "rail gun"—a 14-inch, .50-caliber Mark IV Navy rifle mounted on a railway carriage. U.S. Navy railway batteries in World War I were commanded by U.S. Navy Capt. Charles P. Plunkett—later Rear Adm. Plunkett—and manned by crews of Sailors. Those assigned to U.S. naval railway batteries received training on how to put the guns in place, load, fire, and disassemble. They also learned to operate trains and locomotives, and build railway tracks. On Aug. 18, 1918, the first naval railway gun became operational in St. Nazaire, France. The batteries continued to operate until the signing of the Armistice on Nov. 11, 1918. A railway battery gun and mount used in France currently sit in Washington Navy Yard's Willard Park. To learn more about the U.S. Navy's railway batteries, check out this fascinating official history originally published in 1922.


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news, but not covered as well as this video shows. They don't teach this in schools... Hal


Thanks for this, Virginia...

Really great piece of history.


The Battle of Athens (TN) 1946

Battle of Athens (TN) 1946 !!

I was completely unaware of this event that took place in Athens , TN in 1946.


I did not know an armed revolt by WWII veterans ever took place during our lifetime.

A very sobering video to say the least. Now it makes the second amendment even more clearer.


Be sure to see the actual photos at the end showing the plaques describing the event

http://voxvocispublicus. homes tead.com/Battle-of-Athens.html

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Thanks to Doctor Rich and Dutch

Corn field almost as good as the Hudson!!
Pilot hailed as hero after bird strike disables Russian jet

MOSCOW (AP) — A Russian pilot was hailed as a hero Thursday for safely landing his passenger jet in a cornfield after a collision with a flock of gulls seconds after takeoff crippled both engines. While dozens of people on the plane sought medical assistance, only one was hospitalized.

The quick thinking of the captain, 41-year old Damir Yusupov, drew comparisons to the 2009 "miracle on the Hudson," when Capt. Chesley Sullenberger safely ditched his plane in New York's Hudson River after a bird strike disabled its engines.

Russian television stations showed passengers standing in head-high corn next to the plane, hugging Yusupov and thanking him for saving their lives.

"It was quite a feat to keep the plane from stalling and quickly find a place to land," Viktor Zabolotsky, a former test pilot, said in televised remarks.

The Ural Airlines A321 was carrying 226 passengers and a crew of seven as it took off Thursday from Moscow's Zhukovsky Airport en route to Simferopol in Crimea.

Russia's Rosaviatsiya state aviation agency chief, Alexander Neradko, told reporters that the crew "made the only right decision" to immediately land the fully loaded plane with its wheels up after both of its engines malfunctioned.

"The crew has shown courage and professionalism and deserve the highest state awards," he said, adding that the plane was fully loaded with 16 tons of fuel. "Just imagine what the consequences would be if the crew didn't make the correct decision."

The airline said Yusupov, the son of a helicopter pilot, is an experienced pilot who has logged over 3,000 flight hours. Yusupov worked as a lawyer before he changed course and joined a flight school when he was 32. A father of four, he has flown with Ural Airlines since his graduation in 2013. He became a captain last year.

Yusupov's wife told Rossiya state television from their home in Yekaterinburg that he called her after landing, before she had heard about the emergency.

"He called me and said: 'Everything is fine, everyone is alive,'" she said. "I asked what was it, and he said that birds hit the engine and we landed in a field. I was horrified and in panic and burst into tears."

more:

https://www.breitbart.com/news/pilot-hailed-as-hero-after-bird-strike-disables-russian-jet/


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Thanks to Dutch R

Russia's Nuc Cruise Missile

thanks to JN

Paste into Browser. It is a very interesting and educational article.


https://www.firstpost.com/tech/science/how-a-nuclear-powered-cruise-missile-works-and-why-russia-wants-to-build-one-7161341.html/amp


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Thanks to John for telling me about this four motored dogfight


An Interesting Dog Fight by Stan Stokes. (B)

October 23, 1942 was a typical day for American troops at Esprito Santo, but for the crew of a B-17 Flying Fortress it would become a most memorable day. Early that morning the Japanese began shelling the field. Lt. Ed Loberg, a former farm boy from Wisconsin, was ordered to take his B-17 up for a reconnaissance mission to determine where the Japanese guns may be located. Not finding anything they returned to the field. The brakes failed on the B-17 upon landing, and they hit several parked Navy aircraft. Fortunately for Lobergs crew a 100 pound bomb dislodged in the crash did not explode. Later that day the crew boarded another B-17 and went hunting out to sea. Around mid-day the crew noticed a PBY being attacked by a Kawanishi H6K Mavis flying boat. Diving the B-17 straight down, the Mavis and the Flying Fortress soon entered a rain squall. The windows were black with clouds and rain, and the plane was buffeted by strong winds. Emerging from the squall at low altitude into blinding sunlight the B-17 emerged only fifty feet from their adversary. Immediately every gun on both aircraft began firing in a broadside exchange reminiscent of age old sailing ship battles. Thousands of bullets criss-crossed the narrow spread of air, and the Fortress shuddered from the impact. Tracer bullets from the B-17 pelted the Mavis like darts with many ricocheting off its armor. The Mavis made a tight turn, and Loberg turned inside him to avoid the mortal sting from the Mavis tail guns. In and out of rain squalls this interesting dogfight continued for 45 minutes. The Mavis kept very close to the wave tops to protect is vulnerable under belly. Several times during the fight the Mavis disappeared for three or four minutes into clouds, but each time as it reemerged Lobergs B-17 resumed the attack. Twice the B-17 passed over the H6K so close that the jagged bullet holes in the Mavis and the round glasses on its two pilots could be seen clearly. Finally, the Mavis began smoking, and the Japanese plane dropped into the sea and exploded in a large ball of flame. In the words of Ira Wolfert, a war correspondent, who was on the flight; During the duel, the Fort that I was on, with a bullet in one of its motors, and two holes as big as Derby hats in its wings, made tight turns with half-rolls and banks past vertical. That is, it frequently stood against the sea on one wing like a ballet dancer balancing on one point, and occasionally it went over even farther than that and started lifting its belly tward the sky in desperate effort to keep the Jap from turning inside it… Throughout the entire forty-four minutes, the plane, one of the oldest being used in the war, ran at top speed, shaking and rippling all over like a skirt in a gale, so many inches of mercury being blown into its motors by the superchargers that the pilot and co-pilot, in addition to their other worries, had to keep an eye on the cowlings to watch for cylinder heads popping up through them. Others on Lobergs crew that day were B. Thurston the co-pilot, R Spitzer the navigator, R. Mitchell the bombadier and E. Gustafson , E. Jung, G. Holbert , E. Smith, and P. Butterbaugh who manned the guns during this unusual dogfight. Both Mitchell and Spitzer were wounded during the battle.


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'MythBusters' co-host 'nearly rendered speechless' by incredible footage of pistol firing round at 73,000 frames per second


Aug. 17, 2015 8:03am


"MythBusters" co-host Adam Savage was "nearly rendered speechless" by amazing video footage that captured a pistol firing off a round at 73,000 frames per second.


"Adam Savage is nearly rendered speechless by incredible slomo footage that captures a bullet being fired at 73,000 frames per second. Shot at these speeds, the video reveals a dance of pressure and fire that would otherwise be missed by the unaided eye," the video's description reads on Discovery's official YouTube channel.


Watch the incredible video, which has been viewed over 250,000 times, below:


Pistol Shot Recorded at 73,000 Frames Per Second - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7y9apnbI6GA


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Some great snippets of history - Dutch


A Short History of the T-34 Tank


The Russian designed T-34 tank of WW II fame is arguably the best and most influential tank of WW II. Based on when it was designed, entered combat, and how long it was in front line service, it still performed well even in the 1950s, earns it that distinction.


"The tank evolved from the light Soviet BT (bystrokhodny tank/high-speed tank) of the 1930s, which had been derived from the American M1931 Christie tank. First brought to the Soviet Union as a turret-less example under the designation of "farm tractor", the Christie and subsequent Spanish variants provided a basis for Soviet designer Mikhail Koshkin."


"The T-34 reportedly saw action in 2014 too, when pro-Russia fighters in eastern Ukraine removed at least one display example from its pedestal, and after a quick overhaul took it into combat once more."


http://in.rbth.com/economics/2014/07/09/at_80_t-34_remains_formidable_tank_36551.html


10 facts about WW I's Eastern Front
ed static for almost 4 years, but the battles in the East were ones of massive land capture and re-taking over the whole 4 years of war.


http://www.historyextra.com/feature/first-world-war/10-things-you-probably-didnt-know-about-bloody-eastern-front-1914


442 RCT – Capturing a Sub

The most decorated unit of all time, in total numbers of awards presented to a unit compared to the number of people assigned to it, the Nisei unit participated in 8 campaigns during WW II. A WW II US regiment usually consisted of 3 Battalions of 600 men. The 442 RCT had only 2 battalions but were awarded 9,486 Purple Hearts. 21 Nisei were awarded the Medal of Honor.

"Journey of Heroes: the Story of the 100th Infantry Battalion and 442nd Regimental Combat Team" by Stacey T. Hayashito.

http://www.newsminer.com/news/local_news/fairbanks-history-buff-shines-a-light-on-wwii-japanese-american/article_e333b5c8-1c54-11e4-91ae-0017a43b2370.html

debug


How from the WW I Zeppelin raids, the Gotha Bombers, and then Spanish civil war influenced and created the event where a child who survived a V1 (Fi-103) in a backyard London shelter affects people for a long time.

http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/08/03/children-under-fire-will-never-forget-or-forgive.html

American WW I Commissioned Artists – May see Light of Day

Over 700 pieces of art were created for the US Government during World War I in France, but most have never been seen by anyone other than the person who put them away in 1929.

Myths about Myths of WW I

John T. Kuehn dispels some of the myths of WW I often repeated by really bad armchair historians.

http://warontherocks.com/2014/08/the-great-war-myths-about-myths/

Hooves On The Ground

Q: I have heard the position of a horse's legs in an equestrian statue of a fallen solder tells how he died. Is there any truth to this? — C.G., Bethesda, Maryland

A: The quick answer is no. According to the urban legend, if the horse is rearing, the rider died in battle; one leg up means the rider was wounded in battle or died of battle wounds; and if all four hooves are on the ground, the rider died outside battle. I'm told this was created to be the guide for monuments at Gettysburg National Military Park, in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, but there are several exceptions to the rule.

Riding the B-24J Gallopin Ghost to Regensburg, Germany – One Way

Paul R. Drury was a waist gunner on this B-24 out of Mandurin Italy before he was shot down on February 22, 1944

http://www.publicopiniononline.com/veterans/ci_26315751/wwii-veteran-wrote-experiences-before-he-died

How B-17s Were Purchased and Brought to Israel in 1947

The US was not always an ally of Israel. During their 1947, 1956 wars no US military aid was delivered – and all military aid was actively blocked – by the USA. 1962 was the first year Israel was allowed to buy US military equipment.

Three B-17s however, did avoid the military embargo of the US and make it to Israel and bombed Cairo in 1948 escorted by Czech Built BF 109s.

http://theaviationist.com/2014/07/22/how-israel-got-the-b-17/

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Daily news from Military Periscope for 16 August

USA—Back-Channel Talks Seek To Bring Washington, Tehran Together On Afghanistan Reuters | 08/16/2019 Western intermediaries have been carrying messages between Iran and the U.S. in an effort to bolster cooperation on Afghan issues, reports Reuters. For months, diplomats have been working to establish back-channel communications between the two countries to coordinate policy towards Afghanistan as the U.S. seeks to withdraw its troops there. Despite tensions over Iran's nuclear program and U.S. sanctions, both countries share common ground in Afghanistan, said an unnamed source with knowledge of the correspondence. Iran shares U.S. concerns over militant and terrorist groups and would be affected by refugee flows in the case of a renewed conflict in Afghanistan. Iranian officials are also skeptical of the U.S. embrace of the Taliban, which could leave the militant group as the sole political arbiter after a U.S. withdrawal. Instead, Tehran favors a deal that would leave the government as the strongest actor. Iran has also asked that the U.S. reduce sanctions in exchange for cooperation, which Washington has resisted. However, the U.S. has so far refused to acknowledge any common interests in Afghanistan, said a source. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and National Security Adviser John Bolton have opposed any talks on Afghanistan, said another source.

USA—Missile Defense Agency Chief Opposes Transfer Of THAAD To Army Defense News | 08/16/2019 The new head of the U.S. Missile Defense Agency (MDA) has expressed strong opposition to Senate plans to transfer control over the Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system to the Army, reports Defense News. Talk of such a transfer has been ongoing for around a decade. The Army officially operates the THAAD system, while the MDA is responsible for development and modernization. Army and MDA leaders have indicated that they would not oppose such a transfer, as long as the needed funding is made available and not taken from other service programs. In an interview with the newspaper, Vice Adm. Jon Hill expressed concern that the transfer could hinder further development and modernization of THAAD, noting that the Army has many other priorities. Before considering a transfer, a better definition of "transfer of services" is needed, the admiral said. The agency is currently reviewing whether it is doing enough to support the Army's successful operation and sustainment of the system. A transfer could also disrupt production at a time when THAAD interceptors are in high demand, said Hill. The MDA chief also noted THAAD is part of a wider integrated missile defense system. The agency is the only one that has the necessary cross-domain command, control, battle management and communications capabilities for such integration, noted experts.

USA—Earthquake Damage At China Lake Could Cost $5 Billion To Repair Los Angeles Times | 08/16/2019 A pair of earthquakes near China Lake Naval Air Weapons Station, Calif., in July could cost more than $5 billion to fix, reports the Los Angeles Times. To get the base back to operational status could cost around $1.7 billion for facilities and infrastructure alone, according to Navy documents obtained by the Navy Times. It does not include specialized equipment, furniture, machine tools, communication systems and other assets that were damaged in the earthquakes. Approximately 20 percent of the base's nearly 1,200 facilities have been declared unsafe or have a use restriction due to structural damage. Multiple hangars and the base's primary air traffic control tower will need to be replaced, says the report. More than 20 ammunition storage magazines have been declared "unsuitable for continued use." More than half of the buildings were constructed prior to 1980, so many did not meet current seismic standards, said Capt. Mark Edelson, the head of Naval Facilities Engineering Command Southwest. Due to the extensive damage, a major rebuilding program could also streamline operations at China Lake. Planning has begun to consider any opportunities for replacement buildings to consolidate missions into more efficient single facilities and to make the most efficient use of space and utilities, said Edelson.

United Kingdom—Gibraltar Court Frees Detained Iranian Oil Tanker British Broadcasting Corp. | 08/16/2019 Authorities in Gibraltar have ordered the release of an Iranian oil tanker despite a U.S. request to block the move, reports BBC News. On Thursday, the Supreme Court in Gibraltar approved the release of the Panamanian-flagged Grace 1. Fabian Picardo, the British territory's top official, said the decision came after Iran said that it would abide by European Union sanctions blocking oil shipments to Syria, reported Reuters. Iranian officials denied any statements to that effect, maintaining that Tehran had never shipped oil to Syria in violation of the measures, reported the semi-official Tasnim news agency (Tehran). U.S. officials expressed disappointment with the decision and threatened to sanction banks, ports, companies and individuals that conduct business with the ship or its crew, reported Bloomberg News. Washington had filed a last-minute motion to seize the ship. A hearing on the matter ended inconclusively on Thursday afternoon before the court decided to free the tanker. As of Thursday evening, the Grace 1 remained off Gibraltar. The ship was seized by Royal Marines on July 4 on suspicion of transporting oil to Syria in violation of E.U. sanctions.

United Kingdom—Steel Cut For 2nd Glasgow-Class Frigate U.K. Ministry Of Defense | 08/16/2019 BAE Systems has formally launched construction of the second ship in a new class of frigates for the British Royal Navy, reports the U.K. Ministry of Defense. On Wednesday, the first steel was cut for the Cardiff, the second of three Glasgow-class frigates ordered in 2017, at the BAE Systems shipyard in Govan on the River Clyde in Glasgow. The Royal Navy plans to buy eight Glasgow-class frigates in two batches. The second batch of five ships is expected to be ordered in the early 2020s. The ships will replace the aging Norfolk-class frigates in the anti-submarine warfare role. Construction of the lead ship, Glasgow, is underway, with commissioning anticipated in the mid-2020s.

North Korea—More Missiles Test-Fired As Pyongyang Says No Further Talks With Seoul Yonhap | 08/16/2019 North Korea test-launched two more missiles, hours after it issued a statement ruling out further talks with South Korea, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). Negotiations with South Korea will not continue, the Korea Central News Agency reported on Friday, citing Seoul's participation in military exercises with the U.S. and its latest mid-term defense plan. The comments followed a speech by South Korean President Moon Jae In on Thursday, in which he promised the reunification of the Korean peninsula by 2045, reported NPR News. Hours later, North Korea launched two more ballistic missiles. The projectiles were fired from Tongchon, Kangwon province, about 30 miles (50 km) from the South Korean border, and traveled about 140 miles (230 km) before landing in the Sea of Japan. The missiles flew at a top speed of Mach 6.1 and a maximum altitude of 20 miles (30 km), appearing to indicate another short-range ballistic missile test, said the South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff. This was the sixth missile test in the last three weeks, noted Yonhap. Previous launches have evaluated a short-range ballistic missile system similar to the U.S. Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) and the KN-23, a North Korean version of he Russian Iskander.

Philippines—Manila Denounces Unannounced Transit Of Chinese Warships In Territorial Waters Philippine Star | 08/16/2019 The Philippine government has criticized China for unannounced passages through the Sibutu Strait in the southwestern part of the country, reports the Philippine Star. On Wednesday, Chinese ships passed unannounced through the strait, which is in the Tawi-Tawi province in the southwestern Mindanao region. There have been five such passages since July, reported Deutsche Presse-Agentur. During these incidents, Chinese warships turned off their Automatic Identification Systems (AIS), preventing Philippine authorities from identifying them. Lorenzana said he brought up the issue with Chinese Ambassador Zhao Jianhua after the initial incidents in February. Lorenzana said the Chinese ambassador pledged to stop the incursions. The Philippine military classes such transits as "security threats," said a military spokesman quoted by ABS-CBN News (Manila). It was not clear if the Chinese ships were conducting research or surveillance, the spokesman said. The military does not believe the transits qualify as innocent passage under the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea, since the ships were not on a straight course. The warships also failed to respond to radio calls from the Western Mindanao Command, said the spokesman.

India—Security Forces Accused Of Abuses In Kashmir As Crackdown Continues Indian Cultural Forum | 08/16/2019 Indian police, paramilitary and military personnel have been targeting civilians with pellet guns and randomly detaining young boys in the disputed Kashmir region, according to a new report by the Indian Cultural Forum. New Delhi deployed thousands of additional security personnel and launched the crackdown shortly before the government suspended to articles of the Indian constitution that granted special rights to the states of Jammu and Kashmir, noted the Business Insider. According to statements from local residents, security forces are detaining men and boys as young as 11, says the report, which was published on Aug. 14. Authorities do not acknowledge the detentions. Many residents have expressed fears that those in custody could be killed if their families speak out. Security forces are also reportedly using pellet guns on protesters. Several individuals have reportedly been blinded or suffered internal bleeding because of the pellets. New Delhi has banned protests and shut down communication networks in the region. Nevertheless, large protests have taken place in Srinagar.

Pakistan—4 Soldiers Die In Shelling In Kashmir Dawn | 08/16/2019 At least four Pakistani soldiers have been killed in the latest shelling by Indian forces in disputed Kashmir, reports the Dawn (Karachi). On Friday, a soldier was killed by Indian fire in the Battal sector, along the Line of Control, said Inter-Services Public Relations. The Pakistani Foreign Ministry summoned the Indian ambassador in protest. On Thursday, the Pakistani military said that three soldiers and two civilians had been killed in cross-border firing. Pakistani soldiers counter-attacked, killing five Indian soldiers. India confirmed fighting in the Nowgam and Krishna Ghati but denied any Indian casualties, reported the Hindu (Chennai). Violence has been increasing in the region following India's controversial decision to remove special protections for residents of India-administered Kashmir.

Tajikistan—Former Military Commander Arrested In U.A.E. For Civil War Crimes Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty | 08/16/2019 A former commander of government forces during the civil war in Tajikistan has been arrested in the United Arab Emirates, reports Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Khuja Karimov, known as Commander Khuja, was arrested on July 30 in the U.A.E. at the request of the Tajik government, reported Akhbor.com. Karimov was infamous for his cruelty during the war. After the conflict ended in 1997, he served as a deputy commander of a special brigade at the defense ministry and chairman of the national soccer federation before fleeing to Malaysia. A criminal case was launched against Karimov in September 2005. He has been charged with murder, extortion and robbery, among other crimes, reported Asia Plus media group (Tajikistan). Karimov was previously arrested in 1998 over the murder of two deputies but was released shortly afterward.

Iraq—Satellite Imagery Points To Israeli Strike On Militia Warehouse Times of Israel | 08/16/2019 Images captured by an Israeli commercial satellite firm show that a warehouse that exploded in Baghdad earlier this week was likely hit by an airstrike, reports the Times of Israel. Satellite photos taken by ImageSat International revealed damage characteristics that indicated that the depot was hit with an airstrike, followed by secondary explosions as the ammunition inside detonated. Former Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister Baha al-Araji appeared to blame Israel for the strike, saying in a social media post that the facility held weapons "for a neighboring state" and was "targeted by an oppressive colonial state on the basis of a treasonous Iraqi act." An unnamed security source told Asharq al-Awsat (London) that the explosion at a weapons depot belonging to an Iranian-backed Shi'ite militia on Monday was likely the result of an Israeli attack, possibly with U.S. support. If so, it would be the third such attack carried out in Iraq by Israel in recent weeks. Israeli F-35s reportedly conducted two strikes northeast of Baghdad late last month, noted Haaretz (Israel). Israel has reportedly been shifting its focus from Iranian infrastructure in Syria to Iraq, where Israeli officials say Tehran has been increasingly basing its efforts against Israel.

Syria—Air Defenses Intercept Missile In Hama Province Syrian Arab News Agency | 08/16/2019 Syrian air defenses have intercepted a hostile missile in the northwestern Hama province, according to a military source cited by the state-run Syrian Arab News Agency. Late Thursday, air defense systems in Maysaf detected and neutralized "a hostile target" launched from the direction of northern Lebanon, the source said. The missile was intercepted before reaching its target, said the source. State media cited by Reuters said that explosions were heard near the site, though there were no immediate reports of casualties. Maysaf is protected by Russian S-300 air defense systems, according to Israeli media cited by Yeni Safak (Istanbul). There was no immediate claim of responsibility. Israel has in the past acknowledged several strikes in the area, which houses a chemical weapons facility and bases used by Iranian-backed groups, reported the Jerusalem Post.


Algeria—Military Seeks To Build More Weapons Domestically Defence Web | 08/16/2019 The Algerian military has received presidential approval to set up a new body to guide the development of indigenous weapon systems, reports Defence Web (South Africa). A presidential decree published last month authorizes the military to create "a Technical System Development Establishment" to conduct studies, design work, engineering and manufacturing of weapons and ammunition. The establishment, to be based in Magra in eastern Algeria, is expected to partner with existing arms manufacturers, including the National Office for Explosive Substances (ONEX); ERIS, which produces ammunition; and the Algerian Joint Venture for Electronic Systems Manufacturing (SCAFSE). Under the decree, the agency can conduct any marketing, buying, selling, importing and exporting related to its goals. The new body is expected to focus on the development and manufacture of air-to-surface and surface-to-surface missile technology, reported Menadefense (Algeria).

Nigeria—3 Soldiers Killed In Fighting With Militants Near Maiduguri Daily Trust | 08/16/2019 Three Nigerian soldiers have been killed and several injured in a gun battle with Islamist militants in the northeastern Borno state, reports the Daily Trust (Abuja). On late Wednesday night, the fighters attacked a military post in Mammanti, an abandoned village near Maiduguri, the state capital. The insurgents were on their way to attack the village of Molai, reported the Vanguard (Lagos). The militants ransacked the base and were only dispersed when Nigerian military aircraft arrived and cleared the militants, said a witness cited by the Daily Post (Lagos). The fighting ended early Thursday morning after about four hours. The attack was blamed on Boko Haram. Some sources said the splinter group, Islamic State West African Province (ISWAP), was responsible for

Chad—6 Die In Suicide Attack On Local Chief In Lac Province Al Jazeera | 08/16/2019 At least six people have been killed in a suicide attack on the compound of a traditional chieftain in Chad's western Lac province, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar). On early Wednesday morning, a woman suicide bomber wearing an explosives belt detonated her bomb near the home of the chief in the Kaiga-Kindjiria district, said a provincial security official cited by Reuters. The fatalities included a soldier and four guards, said an army official quoted by Agence France-Presse. Five people were injured. Boko Haram was believed to be responsible for the attack. No group has claimed responsibility. Lac province borders Lake Chad, which has become a stronghold for Boko Haram and the Islamic State in West Africa Province (ISWAP) splinter group. ISWAP conducted 10 cross-border attacks in 2018, noted analysts.

Venezuela—Deal Inked With Russia On Port Visits By Naval Ships Tass | 08/16/2019 The Russian and Venezuelan militaries have agreed to expand cooperation, including port visits by naval vessels, reports the Tass news agency (Moscow). On Thursday, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu and his Venezuelan counterpart, Vladimir Padrino Lopez, signed the agreement in Moscow, reported Interfax (Moscow). The accord governs the visits of naval and other military ships from each country to the other's ports. During the meeting, the ministers also discussed Venezuelan security concerns as well as military and technical cooperation.

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