Friday, August 16, 2019

TheList 5073

The List 5073 TGB

To All,

I hope that your week has been going well.



Today in Naval History

August 15

1895 The battleship USS Texas is commissioned. She is the first American steel-hulled battleship. USS Texas serves off Cuba during the Spanish-American War and takes part in the Battle of Santiago.

1908 The first Navy Post Offices are opened on board Navy ships following a June 27, 1908 General Order 74 establishing them.

1944 Operation Dragoon begins, which is the Allied invasion of Southern France. Western Naval Task Force, commanded by Vice Adm. Henry K. Hewitt, USN, lands the Allied force on the front between Toulon and Cannes.

1953 Adm. Arthur W. Radford becomes the first naval officer to be appointed as the Chairman, Joints Chief of Staff, serving two-terms until Aug. 15, 1957.

1987 USNS Comfort (T-AH 20) is christened and launched in San Diego as a Mercy-class hospital ship following conversion from a San Clemente-class supertanker. She is the third Navy ship named Comfort.

1998 USS Bonhomme Richard (LHD 6) is commissioned at Pensacola, Fla.

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

∙ Several media outlets report that President Trump says the unrest in 'Hong Kong is not helping' the trade war with China while Chinese military continue to build up near the Hong Kong border.

∙ The U.S. Navy and Coast Guard joined the Royal Malaysian Navy to begin Maritime Training Activity Malaysia 2019 at an opening ceremony at Lumut Naval Base.

∙ Seapower Magazine reports that the Navy's Advanced Arresting Gear system has been cleared to recover all props and jets according to an Aircraft Recovery Bulletin.

Today in History August 15


Constantinople falls to Michael VIII of Nicea and his army.


John of Portugal defeats John of Castile at the Battle of Aljubarrota.


Hugh O'Neill, the Earl of Tyrone, leads an Irish force to victory over the British at Battle of Yellow Ford.


Frederick II defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Liegnitz.


The Confederate raider Tallahassee captures six Federal ships off New England.


The first ballot voting in England is conducted.


The Panama Canal opens to traffic.


American comedian and "cowboy philosopher" Will Rogers dies in an airplane accident, along with American aviation pioneer Wiley Post.


The Japanese submarine I-25 departs Japan with a floatplane in its hold which will be assembled upon arriving off the West Coast of the United States, and used to bomb U.S. forests.


American, British and French forces land on the southern coast of France, between Toulon and Cannes, in Operation Dragoon.


Gasoline and fuel oil rationing ends in the United States.


Britain grants independence to India and Pakistan.


Two U.S. divisions are badly mauled by the North Korean Army at the Battle of the Bowling Alley in South Korea, which rages on for five more days.


Over 400,000 young people attend a weekend of rock music at Woodstock, New York.


US President Richard Nixon announces a 90-day freeze on wages and prices in an attempt to halt rapid inflation.


Ignoring objections from President Ronald Reagan's Administration, US Senate approves economic sanctions against South Africa to protest that country's apartheid policies.


US Social Security Administration, previously part of the Department of Health and Human Services, becomes an independent government agency.


Infamous terrorist Carlos the Jackal captured in Khartoum, Sudan.


Astronomers announce the first solar system discovered outside our own; two planets had been found orbiting a star in the Big Dipper.


An earthquake of 8.0 magnitude kills over 500 and injures more than 1,000 in Peru.

1945 Emperor Hirohito announces the unconditional surrender of the Empire of Japan. It is the first time his voice is heard on the radio


Woodstock festival opens in Bethel, New York


Comments on the Law….Just the facts

Thanks to Mugs

From my friend, Jim Murphy. I agree wholeheartedly!


WEDNESDAY - August 14, 2019

Greetings once more from the Headquarters For Jingoistic Fossil Fuel Burning Constitution Supporting West Texans.


Let me begin by quoting parts of Amendment II and Amendment IV and Amendment V of the United states Constitution:


"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, SHALL NOT BE INFRINGED."




"No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb, nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, NOR BE DEPRIVED OF LIFE, LIBERTY, OR PROPERTY, WITHOUT DUE PROCESS OF LAW; nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation."

Now if just paying attention to those three Constitutional Amendments which are GUARANTEED RIGHTS FOR ALL AMERICANS, all three Amendments actually deal with DUE PROCESS. This means that unless a person is under issue of a warrant WHICH MUST BE BASED UPON PROBABLE CAUSE, SUPPORTED BY OATH OR AFFIRMATION, PRIVATE PROPERTY MAY NOT BE SEIZED BY A GOVERNMENT UNLESS THE RULES OF DUE PROCESS ARE MET.

"Red Flag laws stand for the proposition that people can have their rights and property taken from them on the basis of mere allegations. No reasonable suspicion needed, let alone PROBABLE CAUSE or Constitutionally-sufficient adjudication. Due Process is a fundamental cornerstone of American Law. Except when it comes to your right to competently defend yourself, apparently. Take the guns first, go through due process second." These thoughts are quotes from an Editorial Comment by Matthew Larosiere in response to an Editorial supporting Red Flag laws written by a USA Today writer who claims that 'Red Flag' laws offer way to help stop shooters.

OK. Let me point out once again this little fact which seems to completely go over the heads of the keen observers in the liberal wing of our government and mainstream media:

Violating a 'Red Flag' law seems a bit mild on someone who is willing to violate Capital Murder Laws. I submit that a person who is willing to kill multitudes of people is NOT going to be affected by any 'Red Flag' law. Once again this would only have an effect on honest Americans who have no proclivity for committing multiple murders.

AND it might be time to point out once again that in legal language, the terms MAY, CAN, and SHOULD give some leeway in the interpretation and indicate that the government or the people are able to make a choice on a matter. BUT the terms SHALL or WILL take away the choice and set the matter in stone;

Like in the Second Amendment ........ "the right of the people to keep and bear arms SHALL NOT BE INFRINGED."

Like in the Fourth Amendment ........ "the right of the people to be secure against unreasonable searches and seizures SHALL NOT BE VIOLATED"..... "and no warrants SHALL ISSUE, BUT UPON PROBABLE CAUSE, SUPPORTED BY OATH OR AFFIRMATION."


To me it is fairly easy to see how some of the existing State Red Flag Laws and the proposed Federal Red Flag Law will more than likely violate the Second; Fourth; and Fifth Amendments of the Constitution of the United States. Keeping in mind that the First Ten Amendments to the U.S. Constitution are the Bill of Rights for the American People. The Bill of Rights is primarily concerned with protecting the American People from the acts of an over zealous FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.

I urge all of you to contact your U.S. Senators and your U.S. Representatives and voice your negative opinions of any such Red Flag Laws. The Federal Government already has too much power over our everyday lives. They do not need more.


Thanks to the Smithsonian

A Sorceress's Kit Was Discovered in the Ashes of Pompeii

Read about Greta Zimmer Friedman, the woman in the famous photo of a kiss celebrating the victory in Times Square.


Thanks to NHHC

Some interesting info on the Invasion of Southern France only a little over two months after the Normandy landings.

Click on Operation Dragoon below

On Aug. 15, 1944, 75 years ago, Operation Dragoon—the Allied invasion of southern France—began when the Western Naval Task Force, commanded by Vice Adm. Henry K. Hewitt, landed the Allies between Toulon and Cannes. On the heels of the successful invasion of Normandy, Operation Dragoon was an enormous victory for the Allies in that it made it possible to liberate Paris less than two weeks later and cause large-scale casualties to Nazi forces. Altogether, more than 2,250 ships and craft took part in the landings and supporting operations. From Aug. 15–Sept. 25, 325,000 troops, 68,500 vehicles, 490,400 tons of dry cargo, and 325,750 barrels of wet cargo were landed in the objective area. To learn more, check out the new Operation Dragoon: The Invasion of Southern Francepage on NHHC's website.


Thanks to Carl

Shadow force: The secret history of the U.S. intelligence community's battle with Iran's Revolutionary Guard


Daily news from Military Periscope for 15 August

USA—Beijing Cancels Hong Kong Port Calls As Protests Escalate Business Insider | 08/15/2019 China has cancelled port calls for two U.S. warships that were scheduled to stop in Hong Kong, reports Business Insider. The amphibious transport dock USS Green Bay was scheduled to arrive in Hong Kong on Saturday, while the cruiser USS Lake Erie was on track to visit the city next month. However, Navy officials did not appear to indicate that that cancellation was part of a larger move to halt U.S. port calls to the city. "The U.S. Navy has a long track record of successful port visits to Hong Kong, and we expect them to continue," a Pacific Fleet spokesman told USNI News. A U.S. naval vessel conducted a port call in Hong Kong as recently as April, noted Agence France-Presse The cancellation comes as China faces increasing protests over its rule of the semi-autonomous city. As protests entered their 10th week, additional units of the People's Armed Police have been seen in the neighboring city of Shenzhen, reported the South China Morning Post. While the units are officially there for a drill, China has released an escalating series of training videos and statements serving as warnings that it is willing to intervene if the local Hong Kong government loses control of the situation.

USA—Marines Declare IOC For Humvee Replacement United States Marine Corps | 08/15/2019 The Marine Corps has announced that the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle has reached initial operational capability. The Marine Corps Combat Development Command determined that the JLTV had reached IOC on August 2, a year earlier than the originally planned IOC in June 2020, the service said on Monday. In order to achieve the milestone, the JLTV was fielded to School of Infantry East, Camp Lejeune, N.C.; School of Infantry West, Camp Pendleton, Calif.; Motor Transport Maintenance Instruction Course, Camp Johnson, N.C.; the Basic School at Quantico, Virginia; and 3rd Battalion, 8th Marine Regiment, II Marine Expeditionary Force, Camp Lejeune. The JLTV will now be fielded to units with I MEF and III MEF before the end of September, the Marines said. The Corps will accept approximately 300 JLTVs into service this year, and approximately 1,000 next year, noted USNI News.

United Kingdom—U.S. Seeks To Block Release Of Iranian Tanker Cbs News | 08/15/2019 The U.S. Justice Dept. has moved to seize an Iranian oil tanker detained by the British Royal Navy on July 4 near Gibraltar, reports CBS News. A court in the territory is scheduled to hear arguments in the case on Thursday, said a Justice Dept. official. The intervention at the last minute halted the release of the tanker, reported BBC News. Officials in Gibraltar had intended to release Grace 1 later in the day, reported the Sun (London). The tanker was seized on suspicion of transporting oil to Syria in violation of a European Union embargo. Her detention is believed to have spurred Iran to seize a British-flagged tanker, the Stena Impero, on July 19. Iran has repeatedly called for the ship and her crew to be released and threatened to exacerbate the tense security situation in the Persian Gulf.

Czech Republic—Cyber Attack On Foreign Ministry Conducted By State Actor, Officials Say Radio Praha | 08/15/2019 Czech cybersecurity officials believe a foreign actor was behind a recent cyber attack on the foreign ministry, reports Radio Praha (Prague). The Czech National Cyber and Information Security Service informed the Senate committee in charge of defense and security issues of its assessment. On Tuesday, the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defense and Security called on the government to take cybersecurity seriously, reported Reuters. Russia's GRU military intelligence service is likely the unnamed state actor responsible for the June attack, reported Denik N (Prague), citing three unnamed sources. The announcement comes after BIS, the Czech counterintelligence service, announced in a December report that Russian intelligence was responsible for a series of cyber attacks against the foreign ministry in 2017.

Russia—Blackjack Strategic Bombers Deploy To Far East In Drill Pravda | 08/15/2019 A pair of nuclear-capable Russian bombers have deployed to Russia's Far East, not far from Alaska, reports Pravda (Moscow). On Wednesday, the Tupolev Tu-160s flew to an airfield on the Chukotka peninsula, said the defense ministry. The jets flew for eight hours, covering a distance of 3,700 miles (6,000 km), the ministry said. The drill was previously scheduled and will conclude by the end of the week, said the ministry. Around 10 Tu-160s, Tu-95 bombers and Il-78 tankers took part in the training, the ministry said, suggesting the exercise covered other parts of Russia. State media said the drill demonstrated Russia's ability to station bombers near U.S. territory, reported Reuters. The distance from the test site to Alaska is less than 370 miles (600 km), which the Tu-160 can cover in about 20 minutes, reported the Rossiiskaya Gazeta. Russian missiles are also of sufficient range that they could reach the U.S. without leaving domestic airspace, it said. The move comes after the U.S. and Russia formally ended the Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, which has led to concerns about a renewed arms race.

Japan—Officials Head To Guam For Unofficial Talks With S. Korea Japan Times | 08/15/2019 Senior officials from Japan and South Korea are meeting in Guam later this week in an effort to de-escalate tensions, reports the Japan Times. The talks are expected to take place on Friday and Saturday, said diplomatic sources. Both sides are taking several steps to avoid miring the talks in public outrage, including holding the talks on the "neutral territory" of Guam and avoiding formally announcing the unofficial talks. The talks will cover the recently introduced exports control put in place by both sides, and the treatment of civilians by Japan during its rule over Korea from 1910 to 1945. Japan is worried that Korean courts could again order Japanese firms to compensate survivors, as happened last year. The trilateral General Security of Military Information intelligence-sharing pact with the U.S. will also likely be discussed. South Korea has expressed its willingness to withdraw from the agreement. South Korea has until Aug. 24 to announce its intention to leave the pact, which is otherwise automatically renewed on an annual basis.

Taiwan—New Loitering Munition, Jet Trainer On Display At Defense Expo South China Morning Post | 08/15/2019 A new loitering munition is among 81 new systems on display in an ongoing defense expo in Taiwan, reports the South China Morning Post. The Taipei Aerospace and Defence Technology Exhibition kicked off on Thursday and is scheduled to continue until Saturday. Among the new systems on display was the Jian Hsiang (Flying Sword), an uncrewed aerial vehicle that can hit ground stations or missile launchers by locking on to their radar signals. The loitering munition is capable of crossing the 110-mile (180-km) Taiwan Strait and hitting Chinese S-400 air defense systems deployed near the coast of mainland China, said a Taiwanese aerospace official. He declined to give specifics of the vehicle's range or loiter phase. The state firm expects to begin a six-year program to build the munition for the air force soon. Also on display was a yet-unnamed subsonic jet trainer, set to enter production by the end of September, with delivery of the first aircraft expected by June 2020. A new medium-altitude, long-endurance (MALE) surveillance drone, the Teng Yun, is set to enter testing in January, with combat tests in 2021, reported Focus Taiwan. The other new systems on display include the upgraded Clouded Leopard M2 armored personnel carrier; the Tien Kung III surface-to-air missile; and the the Hsiung Feng III cruise missile.

Burma—Rebels Attack Military School, Police Station, Killing 11 Myanmar Times | 08/15/2019 At least 11 people have been killed in a series of rebel attacks in Burma's central Mandalay region, reports the Myanmar Times. On Thursday, militants fired five artillery shells at the Defense Service Technological Academy in Pyin Oo Lwin, said a military spokesman. A civilian working at the school was killed and one soldier was injured, reported the Irrawaddy (Yangon). Three other attacks were reported around the garrison town and in Nawngcho in Shan state to the northeast. An attack on Gote Twin police station in Nawngcho killed seven soldiers and three police officers. The attacks were claimed by the Northern Alliance, an umbrella organization consisting of three rebel movements: the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA); the Ta'ang National Liberation Army (TNLA); and the Arakan Army (AA). A TNLA spokesman said the attacks were a response to government offensives. Military sources said the assault was likely motivated by a massive drug seizure in July in the Kutkai township of Shan state, reported Agence France-Presse. The three militant groups are not party to the Nationwide Cease-fire Agreement, which declared a two-month truce in support of negotiations. That cease-fire expires on Aug. 31. A general cease-fire has been in effect since December.

Thailand—Leaders Of Red-Shirt Protests Cleared Of Terrorism Charges Bangkok Post | 08/15/2019 Thailand's Criminal Court has cleared 24 leaders of a 2010 protest movement of terrorism charges, reports the Bangkok Post. On Wednesday, the Bangkok criminal court cleared the 24 members of the United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship (UDD), also referred to as "red shirts" for the attire they wore during protests. The individuals had been charged with terrorism, sedition, illegal assembly and violation of an executive decree on public administration in emergency situations for their role in organizing the protests. However, the court ruled that the protests were a political action and dismissed the charges. The 2010 protests called for the dissolution of the government of Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva, who was viewed as an extension of the military, which ousted populist Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra in 2006. At least 91 people, mainly civilians, were killed during the protests.

Indonesia—Vice President Labels Economy, Technology As Greater Risks Than Foreign Invasion Antara News Agency | 08/15/2019 The threat of invasion has been replaced by the threat of economic dominance by a foreign power, according to Indonesian Vice President Jusuf Kalla, as reported by Antara News, Indonesia's national news agency. "At the regional level, our major challenges are related to the economy," Kalla said during a presentation to military and police personnel at the Navy Staff and Command School on Wednesday. Kalla pointed to China, which he said was unlikely to invade but could easily use its economic power to crash the Southeast Asian nation's economy. Such action could lead to social unrest, like that which occurred following the 1998 economic crisis in Indonesia. During his speech, Kalla urged the largely mid-ranking officers in attendance to adapt Indonesia's defense policy to incorporate such economic threats and those arising from social unrest.

India—Modi Announces Plans To Appoint Defense Chief To Oversee Armed Services The Hindu | 08/15/2019 Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has announced a new unified command post for the military, reports the Hindu (Chennai). Modi announced the chief of defense staff (CDS) position during a speech on Thursday in New Delhi during Independence Day celebrations. Indian defense officials have called for a post that would unify the military's three services since the 1999 Kargil War with Pakistan. The Indian military is organized strictly by service. The arrangement was originally conceived to prevent one service from gaining too much power, noted Reuters. The defense chief is intended to serve as a single-point military adviser to the government and will be responsible for coordinating long-term planning, procurement, training and logistics for all three services. The officer will also advise the prime minister on nuclear issues. The process to create the new position is expected to take several months.

Syria—Rebels Down Su-22 Strike Jet In Idlib Province Syrian Arab News Agency | 08/15/2019 The Syrian military has confirmed that one of its warplanes was downed by rebels in Idlib province, reports the state-run Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA). On Wednesday, fighters from Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) shot down an unidentified Syrian jet with an anti-aircraft missile near Al Tamanah, in the south of the province, said a military source. HTS earlier claimed to have downed an Su-22 that was on its way to conduct airstrikes against the group, reported Reuters. The terrorist group said the jet had taken off from a Syrian airbase in Homs province. The fate of the pilot was not immediately clear. SANA said the pilot's fate was unknown, while the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (U.K.) said the pilot ejected and was captured. The observatory, which relies on a network of in-country observers, said that the jet was shot down with anti-aircraft guns. HTS is an umbrella group of hardline fighters dominated by the Nusra Front, which served as Al Qaida's affiliate throughout much of the Syrian civil war. The move comes as regime forces close in on a key rebel-held town in the area, which is the last pocket of the country controlled by the opposition, reported the Voice of America News. Syrian troops are moving to encircle Khan Sheikoun, coming within 2.5 miles (4 km) of the city and taking the neighboring town of Al Habeet, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. If government forces succeed in taking the town, a rebel pocket in neighboring Hama province would be completely surrounded, noted analysts.

Libya—In A 1st, Laser Shoots Down UAV In Combat Army Recognition | 08/15/2019 A Turkish laser successfully shot down a Chinese-made drone in Libya earlier this month, reports Army Recognition. On Aug. 4, a vehicle-mounted laser shot down a Wing Loong II drone operated by Khalifa Haftar's Libyan National Army near Misrata. The 50-kw laser is believed to have used an opto-electronic guidance system, which allows the user to identify weak points on the target. The incident appears to be the first recorded incident of a combat vehicle being destroyed by a directed energy weapon in combat. The Wing Loong II drone was reportedly conducting an armed reconnaissance mission over Misrata when it was downed by the laser, noted Ahval news (Turkey).

Sudan—Opposition Announces Pick For Prime Minister Of Transitional Government Reuters | 08/15/2019 The Sudanese opposition will nominate economist Abdalla Hamdok to serve as prime minister of a transitional government, reports Reuters. Sources from the Forces of Freedom and Change alliance told the news service on Thursday that they also intended to nominate Mohamed Alhafiz Mahmoud as public prosecutor and Abdelqadir Mohamed Ahmed to head the judiciary. The sovereign council is scheduled to be sworn in on Aug. 19. It will then appoint a prime minister selected by the opposition. Separately, the U.S. State Dept. said on Wednesday that it had barred former intelligence chief Salah Gosh from entering the U.S., reported the Sudan Tribune (Paris). Gosh was banned for his involvement in numerous human-rights abuses, including the use of torture, said Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.

Democratic Republic of the Congo—Thousands Of Civilians Killed Or Kidnapped In Violence Over Last 2 Years Human Rights Watch | 08/15/2019 At least 1,900 civilians have been killed and 3,300 kidnapped by armed groups operating in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo in the last two years, reports Human Rights Watch (HRW). The report released on Wednesday by HRW and a New York University-based Congo Research Group tracked over 3,000 incidents of violence by more than 130 armed groups between June 2017 and June 2019. The highest levels of violence occurred in the Beni territory, where one-third of the recorded civilian killings took place. The fighting in Beni is largely between the military and the Allied Democratic Forces rebel group, which originated in Uganda. More than one-third of kidnappings occurred in the Ruthsuru territory, which was previously a stronghold of the March 23 movement. The data called into question the relationship between resource extraction and violence. Only 20 percent of violent incidents occurred within 12 miles (20 km) of a mine. The report also criticized a lack of demobilization programs to manage surrendering fighters and a system to punish human-rights abusers in the military and rebel groups.

Peru—Interior Ministry Chooses Ukrainian Transports Kyiv Post | 08/15/2019 The Peruvian Interior Ministry has selected the Antonov An-178 military transport to replace its aging An-32B cargo aircraft, reports the Kyiv Post. On Wednesday, state defense firm Ukroboronprom announced that it had won the contract to produce an unspecified quantity of the planes. The Ukrainian aircraft was selected over the C-27J Spartan from Leonardo and the C-295 from Airbus. The deal was valued a US$65 million, reported (Spain). Peru may be the first international recipient of the short-range airlifter. Saudi firm Тaqnia Aeronautics announced plans to buy 30 An-178s in 2015. The Aviation Industry Corp. of China has also said it would purchase 25 of the transports. Neither country has yet signed a contract.

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