The List 5069 TGB
I hope that you all had a great weekend.
Today in Naval History
1898 USS Mohican and USS Philadelphia (C 4) crew members take part in official ceremonies marking the assumption of sovereignty of the Hawaiian Islands by the United States.
1918 The Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels approves the acceptance of women in the Marine Corps. The following day, Aug. 13, Opha M. Johnson becomes the first woman Marine.
1942 USS Cleveland (CL 55) demonstrates the effectiveness of radio-proximity fuze (VT-fuze) against aircraft by successfully destroying three drones with proximity bursts fired by her five inch guns.
1944 USS Pompon (SS 267) and USS Puffer (SS 268) attack Japanese convoys and damage and sink Japanese destroyers.
1957 The first test of the Automatic Carrier Landing System is completed by Lt. Cmdr. Don Walker when he lands a F3D Skyknight on board USS Antietam (CV 36).
1988 USS Lake Champlain (CG 57) is commissioned at New York City. The cruiser is the third ship named after naval battle in a New York lake where Commodore Thomas McDonough defeated a larger and more heavily armed British squadron Sept. 11, 1814.
Thanks to CHINFO
• Sky News reported from aboard USS Abraham Lincoln in the Arabian sea as CSG 12 remains in the region to deter Iranian aggression.
• The Washington Post reports protesters in Hong Kong and Moscow are persistent in their efforts to change authoritarian regimes while facing brutal backlash from state police.
• U.S. intelligence officials believe that last week's accident near Russia's Nenoksa Missile Test Site occurred during the testing of a new type of nuclear-propelled cruise missile, reports the New York Times.
• The New York Times also reports that North Korea claims that the two projectiles it fired over the weekend were a new type of missile.
WARFIGHTING & LETHALITY:
Today in History August 9 0030 Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt, commits suicide.
1099 At the Battle of Ascalon 1,000 Crusaders, led by Godfrey of Bouillon, route an Egyptian relief column heading for Jerusalem, which had already fallen to the Crusaders.
1687 At the Battl
e of Mohacs, Hungary, Charles of Lorraine defeats the Turks.
1762 The British capture Cuba from Spain after a two month siege.
1791 Black slaves on the island of Santo Domingo rise up against their white masters.
1812 British commander the Duke of Wellington occupies Madrid, Spain, forcing out Joseph Bonaparte.
1863 Confederate raider William Quantrill leads a massacre of 150 men and boys in Lawrence, Kansas.
1864 After a week of heavy raiding, the Confederate cruiser Tallahassee claims six Union ships captured.
1896 Gold is discovered near Dawson City, Yukon Territory, Canada. After word reaches the United States in June of 1897, thousands of Americans head to the Klondike to seek their fortunes.
1898 The Spanish American War officially ends after three months and 22 days of hostilities.
1908 Henry Ford's first Model T rolls off the assembly line.
1922 The home of Frederick Douglass in Washington, D.C. is dedicated as a memorial.
1935 President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Social Security Bill.
1941 French Marshal Henri Philippe Petain announces full French collaboration with Nazi Germany.
1961 The erection of the Berlin Wall begins, preventing access between East and West Germany.
1969 American installations at Quan-Loi, Vietnam, come under Viet Cong attack.
1972 As U.S. troops leave Vietnam, B-52's make their largest strike of the war.
1977 Steven Biko, leader of the black consciousness movement in South Africa, is arrested.
1977 Space shuttle Enterprise makes its first free flight and landing.
1978 Tel al-Zaatar massacre at Palestinian refugee camp during Lebanese Civil War.
1979 Massive book burnings by press censors begin in Iran.
1981 Computer giant IBM introduces its first personal computer.
1985 Highest in-flight death toll as 520 die when Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashes into Mount Takamagahara.
1992 The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is concluded between the United States, Canada and Mexico, creating the world's wealthiest trade bloc.
2000 Russian Navy submarine K-141 Kursk explodes and sinks with all hands during military exercises in the Barents Sea.
2005 An LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) sniper mortally wounds Sri Lanka's foreign minister, Lakshman Kadirgamar, at the minister's home.
· 2012 Summer Olympics come to a close in London.
Thanks to the Bear -
COMMANDO HUNT and ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… WEEK THIRTY of the HUNT… 2-8 JUNE 1969…
August 11, 2019 Bear Taylor
HUMBLE HOST NOTE… This post was inadvertently published out of sequence. OOOPS… Weeks 28 and 29 to follow… Please read on…
COMMEMORATING THE 50th ANNIVERSARY OF THE VIETNAM WAR (1961-1973)…
LEST WE FORGET MEMORIAL DAY 1969… Following weekly Vietnam war battle losses of 184, 430, and 265–a three week loss of American troops of 879–the military command in Saigon reported 261 additional troops killed during the last week of May 1969. MORE THAN 1,000 AMERICANS KILLED ON THE BATTLEFIELDS OF SOUTHEAST ASIA IN ONE MONTH…. The New York Times searched for a cause to justify this bloody sacrifice in their Friday, 30 May 1969 OpEd. I quote the lead to that editorial of 50-years ago…
THESE HONORED DEAD…
"As last year, and the year before that, and the year before that, American soldiers are once again losing their lives in combat while the nation observes Memorial Day. World War II engaged the virtually total commitment of the American people. The Korean war was unpopular when it ended in the truce of 1953, but most Americans still regarded it as a war worth fighting, a nasty job that had to be undertaken if Communist aggressors were not to be tempted to venture elsewhere.
"But the Vietnam war, now in its talk-and-fight stage, in which the diplomats bicker and declaim while soldiers fight and die, is drawing to its uncertain but inevitable end, in a miasma of national regret, recrimination and disillusionment. The war still has its resolute defenders; but, beyond dispute, no conflict since the Civil War itself has so deeply divided Americans.
"FOR WHAT PURPOSE HAVE 35,000 MEN DIED IN VIETNAM? WHAT RESPONSIBILITIES DOES THEIR SACRIFICE IMPOSE ON THEIR FELLOW CITIZENS? These are questions which both the critics and the defenders of the war have to ponder on this Memorial Day."…
The answers below in Hunble Host's End Note…
Good Morning. It is Sunday, 11 August 2019. Humble Host remembers the Vietnam war and Week Thirty of the interdiction campaign called COMMANDO HUNT… (1968-1972)…
I. THE HEADLINES FROM THE NEW YORK TIMES for 2-8 June 1969…
A. THE WAR… (2 June) SOUTH VIETNAM TROOPS SHOWING UNEVEN PROGRESS… "The South Vietnamese armed forces appear to be doing a better job in battle now than ever before, but the day when they will be able to stand alone does not seem to be in sight. A three-week examination by The New York Times finds that just days before the Midway conference between President Nixon and President Nguyen Van Thieu, the performance of the South Vietnamese in combat is still spotty ranging from good to abysmal."... 2 DIE AS ROCKET FALLS IN SAIGON–Marines Repulse attack 20 Miles From DMZ… (3 June) ACTION LIGHT IN ASHAU VALLEY SWEEP… "Paratroops of the United States 101st Division met only scattered resistance today in their continuing sweep through the Ashau Valley near the border with Laos."… (4 June) ROCKET CACHE FOUND NEAR SAIGON… "Troops of the United States 82nd Airborne Division completed a two-day sweep near Saigon today and turned up a cache of 100-pound rockets. The division reported killing 31 enemy soldiers and capturing four others in scattered fighting during the sweep…"… WITHDRAWAL PLANS ARE IN CONSTANT REVISION… (5 June) FOE'S PAPERS CONCEDE HEAVY LOSSES…. "Numerous captured documents show that the enemy's documents show that the enemy's high command in Vietnam is acknowledging grave battlefield reverses, but insists its forces still occupy the most advantageous positions."…"Instructions carried by courier to many parts of South Vietnam in the last month make future strategy clear: Destroy the belief of the United States in the illusion that the war can be de-Americanized successfully, and that they can attain a superior position in peace talks."… (6 June) ENEMY BOMBARDS 70 VIETNAM SITES–Raids Heaviest In Weeks–Cause Light Damage… "…the shellings were not accompanied by significant increase in infantry attacks."… "In the week ended last Saturday (31 May), 261 American soldiers and 323 South Vietnamese soldiers were killed. Enemy losses were put at 2,637. Two weeks ago, allied casualties numbered 678 compared to 3,968 for the enemy."… (7 June) BASES AT DANANG SHELLED BY ENEMY–40 Missiles Strike City and Near-By Posts Killing 5–Allies Repel 7 Attacks… "…the assaults, among the few in which the enemy has chosen to fight at close range in a month, were countered by well bunkered allied troops who later chased their foe with the help of helicopters and jet fighters. B-52's bombed enemy fortifications along the path from Cambodia to Saigon, where heavy concentrations of troops on both sides have been battling for weeks."… (8 June) ELEVEN BATTLES FOUGHT AT CAMBODIAN LINE–Enemy Losses Put At 605 In Two Vietnam Provinces… "United States and South Vietnamese army officials reported having found the bodies of 605 enemy soldiers strewn over 11 battlefields after two nights of sporadic but fierce fighting in Tayninh and Binhlong provinces along the Cambodian border."…
B. PEACE TALKS IN PARIS… (2 June) NORTH VIETNAM PEACE DELEGATION RETURNS TO HANOI… "Xuan Thuy, head of the North Vietnamese delegation at the Paris talks, arrived in Hanoi last night…During his journey from Paris he stopped in Moscow and Peking."… (3 June) LODGE WILL GO TO MIDWAY FOR NIXON-THIEU PARLEY… "…the chief United States negotiator at the Paris peace talks will join President Nixon and President Nguyen Van Thieu at their Midawy conference Sunday… "... (4 June) THIEU AGAIN BARS COALITION… … "…Thieu returned home tonight after state visits to Taiwan and South Korea and again said he rejected any coalition government with the Vietcong."… (5 June) VIETCONG REPORTED TO BAR SECRET TALKS WITH SAIGON–But Gap Between Negotiating Positions Of Allies and the Enemy Appears to Have Narrowed In Recent Months… HANOI's VIEW GIVEN… "The formation of a provisional coalition government in South Vietnam and the withdrawal of American forces appeared more clearly than ever today to be the chief North Vietnamese aims in Paris." … (6 June) SECRETARY OF STATE ROGERS SAYS U.S. NOT WEDDED TO SAIGON REGIME– He Asserts Commitment Is Only To a Free Choice By South Vietnamese Voters– Enemy Role Discussed–Secretary at News Conference Declares Vietcong Could Serve in Government… FOE's DEMAND FOR ELECTIONS HELD ACCOUNTABLE TO THIEU–President Also Reported to Be Willing To Consider A Joint Election Commission To Oversee Special Vietnam Vote… (8 June) AT MIDWAY THIEU WILL PRESS FOR CLARIFICATION–Aides Say He Asks to Know More About Nixon's Peace Plan…
C. THE REST OF THE NEW YORK TIMES LEADLINES… (2 June) ROCKEFELLER VISIT TO VENEZUEALA OFF IN PROTEST THREAT— Caldera Asks Postponement–Governor Says 'Forces' Seek To Disrupt Tour of South American Nations… POMPIDOU LEADS WITH 44% AND FACES POHER JUNE 15 IN RUNOFF FOR FRENCH PRESIDENCY–Reds Are Strong 31%–France's Support For Duclas gives Communist Party Major Leverage... (3 June) AUSTRALIAN CARRIER MELBOURNE SLICES U.S. DESTROYER FRANK E. EVANS–56 U.S. Sailors Listed As Missing–Destroyer Bow Sank After Collision With Aircraft Carrier… DIRKSEN DENOUNCES KENNEDY CRITICISM OF TACTICS IN WAR… "The Senate Republican leader, Everett McKinley Dirksen, rebuked Senator Edward M. Kennedy today for has criticism of military tactics in Vietnam, suggesting that the Senate Democratic whip was undercutting field commanders and impairing troop morale."… POMPIDOU VICTORY IN RUNOFF APPEARS ASSURED–Reds To Abstain–Communist Call To Backers Not to Vote In Presidential Runoff is a Blow to Poher… ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES CHIEF CITES RANCOR OVER U.S.–Confers With Rockefeller–White House Supports Mission Continuation… CASSIUS CLAY DEMANDS THAT U.S. PRODUCE ALL WIRETAP DETAILS OR DROP CASE… (4 June) NAVY GIVES UP HOPE FOR 73 MISSING AFTER COLLISION–Evans Disaster is 7th For U.s. Navy Since 1966… NIXON-THIEU TALKS AT MIDWAY MAY BRING TROOP CUTS–Washington Aides Prepare For A Joint Announcement At Meeting At Midway–Officials Feel Statement on Sunday Would Illustrate A Unanimity Of View… PRESIDENT SAYS CAMPUS RADICALS IMPERIL LIBERTIES–Sees Old Values Challenged by 'Moral Arrogance' and 'Permissive' Faculties–Assails Use of Force–In Speech At Dakota College He Asserts 'Free People' Have Shown Restraint… BURGER APPROVED BY SENATE PANEL FOR SUPREME COURT CHIEF–A Unanimous Vote Follows Friendly Questioning–Protester Removed… (5 July) NIXON DEFENDING POLICY HITS 'NEW ISOLATION' PLEDGES A WORLD ROLE–He Chides Critics–Unilateral arms Cut Is Ruled Out In Talk At Air Force Academy… PRESIDENT SPEECH STIRS RESENTMENT IN CONGRESS… TWO YEARS AFTER SIX-DAY WAR OF 1967 IN MID-EAST–Arabs See A New Round of Fighting… FBI AGENT TESTIFIES AT CASSIUS CLAY HEARING–Bureau Tapped Dr Martin Luther King, Jr. Telephone For Several Years… (6 June) VIOLENCE REPORT DECLARES NATION IS 'BLOODY MINDED'– Panel Finds a Tradition of Using Force Obscured by 'a Historical Amnesis'–Cause Not Pinpointed–Presidential Group Asserts Trouble Persists in the U.S. but Declines Elsewhere… "…22-chapter report, issued on the anniversary of the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy, was ordered by the commission last August in an effort to help bring about a better understanding of the use of violence in domestic affairs."… A quote from the report: "Men seeking to seize, hold or realign the levels of power have continually engaged in collective violence as part of their struggles… The oppressed have struck in the name of justice, the privileged in the name of order, those in between in the name of fear."… (7 June) SOVIETS BID ARABS SHUN USE OF FORCE TO REGAIN LANDS… "Pravda, the Soviet Communist party newspaper, noted the second anniversary of the Arab-Israeli war today with a sharp warning to Arab extremists against the use of force to regain territory now occupied by Israel."… "…only through political methods could the territory sized by Israel in the six-day war in June 19676 be returned to Arab hands."… DRAFT REPRISALS BARRED BY COURT–Hershey Rebuffed on Plan to Reclassify Youths for Protests Against War… 11 ARE SENTENCED IN DRAFT PROTEST–2-Year Terms Handed Down By Judge in Milwaukee… PEKING RENEWS BORDER CHARGES AGAINST SOVIET UNION–Note Is Viewed as Attempt To Sway Red Conference… (8 June) NIXON OFF TODAY TO MEET WITH THIEU ON COURSE OF WAR–Six Hour Parley On Midway Will Focus On Tactics At Negotiations In Paris Confers In Honolulu–Says He Expects Talks Will Be One-Step In Direction Of Real Peace in Pacific… BREZHNEV ACCUSES CHINA AT WORLD PARLEY OF REDS…
II. COMMANDO HUNT II… The second of seven campaigns within the 3-year operation. The weather controlled the conduct of the strike operations in southeastern Laos. During CH I, III, V and VII the weather was favorable for VFR bombing. During CH II, IV and VI the weather limited VFR strike ops and required more reliance on less accurate MSQ, Commando Nail and LORAN attacks. This summary of the CH II weather is clipped from the AIRPAC SOUTHEAST ASIA AIR OPS SUMMARY for June 1969…
Weather Synopsis–June 1969… "Climatologically, all of Southeast Asia is under the influence of the southwest monsoon. Weather begins to follow somewhat of a daily regular pattern with afternoon showers occurring over parts of Southeast Asia on most every day. Cloudiness continues to increase during June and in most locations cloud ceilings are present an average of 60-90% of the time. Low stratus ceilings occur frequently during the early morning hours in most areas… Weather in Southeast Asia during June of 1969 was typical of the southwest monsoon with a few exceptions. During the period of 5-7 June, the polar front moved from South China into the interior Southwest Asia. During the period of the polar frontal intrusion, weather was extremely poor throughout Laos and the mountains of North Vietnam. The polar front again moved into Southeast Asia during the period 18-20 June; however, it did not penetrate as far south as on the previous occurrence, and became stationary cover over northern Laos and North Vietnam. The remainder of the month was primarily influenced by moderate, to strong southwesterly flow causing typical southwest monsoon weather conditions. The prevailing conditions in most of Laos and the mountainous areas of both North and South Vietnam were stratus clouds during the early morning hours and generally clearing during the late evening and early nighttime hours. The coastal areas of both North and South Vietnam experienced predominately good weather conditions during the month with scattered cloudiness for the most part. There was a significant increase in cloudiness and shower activity in the delta region of South Vietnam… …cloudiness over Laos continues to increase during June. Convective clouds and ceilings with bases of 2000 to 3000 feet are frequent during the afternoon. Morning stratus is common in the mountain valleys. Stratus forms approximately 2 to 3 o'clock in the A.M. and dissipates near 10 A.M…. Ceilings greater than 5,000 feet were reported on one day in the A.M. General "no ceiling" conditions prevailed on one day in the afternoon… there were 26 days marked by stratus in the early morning hours… "… The PACAF summary for COMMANDO HUNT Ops reported: "Despite deteriorating weather, attack sorties flown in Laos remained essentially the same level as the previous month. More reliance was placed on non-visual bombing as 13% of the USAF sorties were flown using MSQ, Commando Nail or Loran techniques."…
III. AIRCRAFT LOSSES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA: 2 THROUGH 8 JUNE 1969… References include Chris Hobson's history of the air war in Southeast Asia, VIETNAM AIR LOSSES. During the weekending 8 June 1969 the United States lost ten (10) fixed wing aircraft and three warriors.
(1) On 2 June an O-2A "Bilk 27" of the 20th TASS and 504th TASG out of Danang piloted by 1LT JAMES ROBSON GILMORE (and an unidentified observer) was lost on a visual reconnaissance mission near Tam Ky. The FAC aircraft was hit by ground fire while controlling fighters against a target on the side of a 4,000-foot mountain. The little, slow, low aircraft crashed in flames before 1LT GILMORE (and the observer) could abandon the aircraft. The wreckage was found by FAC "Bilk 34." The bodies of both airmen were found in the wreckage by the search and rescue team. 1LT GILMORE rests in peace at Marietta National Cemetery, Marietta, Georgia. He is also memorialized at the USAFA, where he was a distinguished graduate… Then there is this beautiful remembrance to be found forever on the internet… A poem titled "James R. Gilmore, Jr, 1LT" by G. Ready, who wrote: "A young pilot that I was very much in love with died in Vietnam. I would like to leave a poem I wrote when he was killed when his plane was shot down on 6/2/69. I know so many young men who went over there. My heart broke for them all."… Here is her heartfelt poem… I quote…
There was a war in the year 1969
The year my heart was so alive
There was a war in the year 1969
That is the year in which my love died
…For God and Country he died over there
…Why, oh why, and who does care?
…Everyone says they are so sorry,
…But the next day no one remembers but me.
Please Mr. President, can't you see
All the men are dying to make history?
Whose to mend the broken hearts
…what have we won
…what have we lost? … End quote. Poem on line at…
(2) On 3 June an F-100D Super Sabre of the 614th TFS and 35th TFW out of Phan Rang flown by 1LT DONALD FRANCIS GINART was downed by automatic weapons fire while strafing enemy troops and VC structures in the Mekong Delta at the southern tip of South Vietnam. It is presumed he was wounded by the gunfire since he did not leave the F-100D before it flew into the ground and exploded. 1LT GINART was thrown clear of the wreckage. An Army helicopter subsequently recovered the body and 1LT GINART rests in peace at Metarie Cemetery in New Orleans, "glory gained, duty done."…
(3) On 5 June an RF-4C of the 11th TRS and 432nd TRW out of Udorn piloted by COLONEL R.F. FINDLAY and navigator CAPTAIN D.M. MAY was hit by 57mm antiaircraft fire while conducting a photo reconnaissance run down Route 101 (Road Segment D) in North Vietnam near Dong Hoi. The 57mm fire was coming out of six sites… COLONEL FINDLAY was able to turn seaward and keep the photo Phantom airborne long enough to get two miles at sea before both aviators were able eject. They were rescued from the sea snakes by an Air Force SAR helo. This was the first aircraft downed in North Vietnam in six months.
(4) On the night of 5 June an O-1F Bird Dog FAC aircraft of the 504tgh TASG out of Phan Thiet was destroyed on the ramp at Phan Thiet by a Vietcong 107mm rocket.
(5) On 6 June an OV-10A of the 19th TASS and 504th TASG out of Bien Hoa Blew a tire on takeoff and veered off the runway. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair. The pilot was uninjured.
(6) and (7) On 6 June two of the 20th TASS FAC aircraft on the ramp at Danang were destroyed by Vietcong rockets on the night of the 6th… Twelve other aircraft were damaged and four human beings were killed. (See NYT War Headlines above– 70 enemy attacks on the night of the 6th)…
(8) On 7 June an EC-47P of the 362nd TEWS and 460th TRW out of Pleiku with a crew of eight was destroyed after an engine failure. All eight members of the crew survived.
(9) On 8 June an A-7B Corsair of the VA-215 Barn Owls embarked in USS Enterprise suffered an engine failure on a combat mission and the pilot ejected to be rescued by a navy helicopter.
(10) On 8 June and A-1H of the 22nd SOS and 56th DOW out of Nakhon Phantom flown by 1LT LLOYD M. SCOTT, JR. went down in Thailand as a consequence of engine failure. The body of 1LT SCOTT was recovered and he is buried at Blair Memorial Cemetery in Camdenton, Missouri…
IV. HUMBLE HOST END NOTE… The Memorial Day 1969 Opinion Editor of The New York Times asked two questions:
(1) For what purpose have 35,000 men died in Vietnam?
(2) What responsibility does their sacrifice impose on their fellow citizens?
Questions asked, and answered… I quote the NYT OpEd…
"The classic response to these questions, as to so many others, was framed by Abraham Lincoln. At Gettysburg, he said, 'From these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion…. We here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain.' At first glance the Lincoln response does not seem to fit the conflict in Vietnam. In the Civil War, the political purpose–to preserve the Union, and the moral purpose–to free the slaves, were clear and were deserving of the 'last full measure of devotion.' In Vietnam, the political and moral issues are not, at least for most Americans, susceptible of such clean definitions.
"But not every war is a crusade. It is perhaps a peculiarly American failure to attempt to turn every war into a morally shining adventure. President Kennedy once defined peace as 'a process–a way of solving problems.' In this more pragmatic and prosaic contest, a nonnuclear war can be defined as a temporary breakdown in the process, as an alternative way of solving problems. In this long effort of the free and the Communist societies to learn to live together since 1945 without collapsing in the irretrievable catastrophe of nuclear war, there have been the Korean and Vietnam conflicts, innumerable brush fires and insurgencies and the political and psychological violence of the cold war.
"The cause for which men have fought and died in Vietnam is peace–that is, a better understanding of how men can live together despite ideological antagonisms and conflicting interests. From their sacrifices, Americans have gained new wisdom and insight about the limits of power, about the nature of Communist revolutions and guerrilla warfare, and about the character of their adversaries and of themselves. Comfortable illusions have been dispelled and disastrous temptations rebuked.
"BRAVE MEN HAVE PAID WITH THEIR LIVES FOR THE HARD-WON WISDOM. The responsibility of the living is to act upon that wisdom. If they do, if they have advanced in their understanding of that complex process called peace, then the men who have fallen in Vietnam have won a victory far more profound than the conventional triumph celebrated with bands and parades."… End quote…
HUMBLE HOST END NOTE #2… Unfortunately, three generations of Americans and our leaders have ignored the wisdom bought with the lives of the 58,400 valiant soldiers sacrificed in the quagmire called the Vietnam war. Involvement in any and all foreign quagmires, large and small, has proven irresistible to our National Security advisors. Nothing makes this more clear than the 19-year war in Afghanistan, from which an exit has proven as elusive as was our exit from the quicksand of Southeast Asia. American involvement in the affairs of foreign nations continues apace and our national survival is now at risk. Apparently, it is the destiny of the United States to destroy itself attempting to defend freedom in every corner of the world, regardless of the proven poor chances for success, and the cost in precious blood and treasure… History is the teacher… take notes John Bolton…
Lest we forget… Bear
This Day in Aviation History" brought to you by the Daedalians Airpower Blog Update. To subscribe to this weekly email, go to https://daedalians.org/airpower-blog/
This day in Aviation History
Aug. 11, 1921
The practical development of carrier arresting gear began when pilot Lt. Alfred M. Pride, Daedalian Founder Member #13030, taxied an Aeromarine plane onto a dummy deck and engaged arresting wires at NAS Hampton Roads, Virginia. These tests resulted in the development of arresting gear for Langley (CV 1) that consisted essentially of athwartship wires attached to weights along with fore and aft wires.
Aug. 12, 1944
Lt. Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., USNR, of VPB-110, temporarily assigned to Special Air Unit 1, and Lt. Wilford J. Willy participated in a mission in a PB4Y-1 Liberator, BuNo 32271, against a German V-1 flying bomb launching site in German-occupied France. The weight of the Liberator, which carried 21,170-pounds of high explosives, precluded take off by remote control, so Kennedy and Willy voluntarily made the takeoff from Winfarthing (Fersfield), England. The men remained with the drone to ensure the assumption of control by two "mother" planes — one used as insurance against potential equipment failure in the primary — and were then to bail out over England. At 1820, the Liberator suddenly exploded killing Kennedy and Willy. No cause was ever determined. The two each received the Navy Cross posthumously and the destroyer Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. (DD 850) was named in his honor.
Aug. 13, 1918
During a patrol from NAS Dunkirk, France, pilot Ens. Julian F. Carson sighted a surfaced U-boat. The Germans challenged the plane and opened fire with their deck gun, hitting the aircraft in several places with fragments. Carson returned fire and bombed the submarine as it attempted to submerge, which drove the boat back to the surface at a sharp angle. The U-boat stayed there briefly and then slid stern first underwater. The French credited Carson with sinking the craft and awarded him the Croix de Guerre. Carson was Daedalian Founder Member #5848.
Aug. 14, 1912
Sgt. Vernon Burge received rating as the U.S. Army's first enlisted pilot on Aug. 14, 1912. He spent 10 years in the enlisted corps before receiving his commission in World War I, and then served the next 25 years as an officer. Burge, Daedalian Founder Member #345, retired as a colonel. He died at the age of 82 in 1971. He is buried in Fort Sam Houston National Cemetery in San Antonio, Texas. A bronze sculpture of Burge, honoring all enlisted pilots, is on display at Gunter Annex, Alabama, adjacent to the U.S. Air Force Enlisted Heritage Hall.
Aug. 15, 1949
Lt. Gen. Harold L. George, wartime Chief of Air Transport Command and then vice president and general manager of Hughes Aircraft Company, received the Air Force Association Award for his contribution to American airpower. General George was one of the original 35 Daedalian Charter Members, Founder Member #8, and the first national commander, serving from 1934-36.
Aug. 16, 1909
Acting Secretary of the Navy George von L. Meyer disapproved a request by the Bureau of Equipment for authority to advertise for the construction of "two heavier than air flying machines," with the comment: "The Department does not consider that the development of an aeroplane has progressed sufficiently at this time for use in the Navy."
Aug. 17, 1946
First Sgt. Lawrence Lambert became the first person in the U.S. to be ejected from an aircraft by ejection seat, in a P-61 flying at 302 MPH and 7,800 feet, over Patterson Field in Dayton, Ohio. Lambert, assigned to the Air Material Command Parachute Branch, was an 11-year veteran of the Air Corps. He had made 58 parachute jumps before the test. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross
Thanks to Mud…..I remember sitting in a barber shop at the Point Loma Sub Base around 1989 and picking up a Newsweek magazine from the pile of literature available and reading an article that listed the Clinton suicide list for the first time. It has grown significantly over the last 30 years.
Complete List of Clinton Associates Who Died Mysteriously Before Testimony Including Jeffrey Epstein
Some news from around the world
USA—Army Bio Research Lab Shut Down By CDC Army Times | 08/12/2019 The U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases has been shut down by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention over violations discovered in June, reports the Army Times. The lab in Fort Detrick, Md., which houses samples of several infectious diseases, was shut down after the CDC suspended its Federal Select Agent Program Lab registration, which is required to handle dangerous biological specimens. No details have been released as to why its registration was suspended. The institute will be reinstated with the program once it resolves the violations. There were no risks to the public or environment due to the lapses and no infectious agents were found outside of the lab's containment areas, officials said. The lab primarily conducts research for the purpose of protecting U.S. forces from biological agents while deployed. In addition, the lab conducts research with broader goals, including work currently underway to develop an Ebola vaccine.
USA—Army Missiles And Space Program Office Reorganization Sharpens Focus On Fires Mission Defense News | 08/12/2019 The U.S. Army is updating its Program Executive Office (PEO) Missiles and Space to focus on integrated fires, reports Defense News. The reorganization is designed to help the office to better implement systems-of-systems approaches to its requirements, said Maj. Gen. Robert Rasch, the head of the office. As part of the move, the current eight program managers will be reduced to five, all of which focus on an aspect of the service's integrated fires efforts. The new offices are: Fires Radars and Sensors; Integrated Fires Mission Command; Air-and-Missile Defense Fires; Operational and Strategic Fires; and Aviation and Ground Fires. In addition, the Integrated Fires Rapid Capabilities program office will be located under the Missiles and Space PEO. The reorganized office is expected to reach full operation capability by the first quarter of fiscal 2021.
Canada—Military Reaches Agreement With U.S. On NORAD Reforms Canadian Broadcasting Corporation | 08/12/2019 The Canadian and U.S. militaries have come to an agreement on the changes needed to keep the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) relevant in the face of changing threats, reports CBC News. Earlier this year, the sides agreed on the basic operational requirements going forward for NORAD, said Canadian Lt. Gen Christopher Coates, the deputy chief of NORAD. While the requirements have been agreed, the two governments must still determine whether or not those capabilities will be provided or what alternatives might be pursued, the general said. Such costs will likely be high. Replacing the North Warning System radar chain alone could cost Can$11 billion (US$8.3 billion), according to experts. Potential challenges include U.S. demands for increased burden-sharing and the need to negotiate with Canadian indigenous communities for any Arctic infrastructure.
Germany—Rheinmetall, MBDA Team For Naval Laser Program Rheinmetall Defence | 08/12/2019 Rheinmetall has announced that it will work with MBDA Systems to develop a naval laser system for the German navy. Under the project, the two firms will produce, integrate and test a laser system aboard a Braunschweig-class corvette, said a Rheinmetall release on Aug. 8. The details and division of labor between the two companies will be determined as soon as the German defense procurement agency, BAAINBw, provides the performance specifications.
Russia—Explosion May Reveal Testing Of Nuclear-Powered Missile New York Times | 08/12/2019 U.S. intelligence officials believe a deadly Aug. 8 explosion in Siberia was caused during the testing of a new type of nuclear-propelled cruise missile, reports the New York Times. On Sunday, the director of the Russian Federal Nuclear Center told a Russian newspaper that a small nuclear reactor exploded during an experiment at the Nenoksa Missile Test Site. U.S. analysts believe the incident occurred during the testing of a prototype of the 9M730 Burevestnik (NATO: SSC-X-9 Skyfall). The Skyfall is powered in part by a nuclear engine, extending its range to cover anywhere on earth, according to public statements by President Putin. It also designed to evade air defenses by flying at low altitudes and following an unpredictable path. The explosion appears to indicate that the missile is not yet viable. Some international observers have noted that other countries, including the U.S., attempted to design similar systems in the past before abandoning the idea. Local media reported that radiation levels rose to 20 times the normal level as far as 25 miles (40 km) away, following the explosion near the White Sea, which killed at least seven people, noted the Times of Israel. Russia offered several explanations for the incident, including testing of a liquid-fueled rocket engine. Officials in Moscow appeared to have removed online statements from local authorities that indicated a danger from nuclear exposure.
North Korea—Pyongyang Launches 5th Missile Test In 16 Days Yonhap | 08/12/2019 North Korea has again fired short-range ballistic missiles into the Sea of Japan, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). On Saturday, two missiles were launched from a site near the northeastern city of Hamhung, reported the Japan Times. The projectiles flew 250 miles (400 km), reaching a maximum altitude of 30 miles (48 km), according to the South Korean military. North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un supervised the tests of the "new" system, reported the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA). Early analysis suggests a similarity with other recent launches, according to a statement from the South Korean presidential office. Those launches were thought to be of the KN-23, a North Korean version of the Russian Iskander. The test is the fifth since July 25. It followed hours after President Donald Trump said that he had received a letter from Kim that criticized ongoing U.S.-South Korean exercises and promoted the possibility of another round of talks on the North's nuclear weapons program.
South Korea—Seoul Creates New Category Of Trading Partner For Japan As Tensions Escalate Kyodo News Agency | 08/12/2019 South Korea says it will remove Japan from a list of trusted trading partners, reports the Kyodo news agency (Japan). On Monday, the South Korean Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy said it would create a third category of trading partners, up from the current two. The new category is for countries that participate in international trade agreements but also utilize export control system against international norms, reported the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). Japan had previously been listed in the top category of trading partners. The decision will be implemented next month. The new category will include a more stringent review process and a shorter window between renewals. Seoul's decision comes amid escalating tensions between the two countries. On Aug. 2, Japan said it was removing South Korea from its trade white list which reduces restrictions on exports with a potential military application, the Asahi Shimbun reported at the time.
Australia—Special Operations To Get Boost In 1st Round Of Modernization Plan Australian Broadcasting Corporation | 08/12/2019 Australia says it will invest Aus$500 million (US$340 million) in its special operations forces as part of a wider modernization effort, reports ABC News (Sydney). On Monday, Prime Minister Scott Morrison pledged new weapons, body armor, parachuting and climbing systems and increased training to the country's eight special operations units over the next four years. The investment is part of Project Greyfin, an Aus$3 billion (US$2 billion) modernization effort over the next 20 years, reported the Guardian (U.K.). The first stage of the project will focus on the country's elite troops to enable them to tackle future threats, said Defense Minister Linda Reynolds. Canberra's announcement follows an estimate released by a leading Australian defense analyst last month, which called for an increased investment in submarines and fighter jets to make up for the imbalance caused by a rising China and the unreliability of the U.S. The investment will be Australia's largest upgrade to its military since World War Two, said Morrison, as cited by Reuters. If current benchmarks are met, Australian defense spending is expected to exceed 2 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) by 2020 to 2021.
Indonesia—Navy, Marines Wrap Up Week-Long Interoperability Exercise With U.S. Stars And Stripes | 08/12/2019 Indonesia and the U.S. have wrapped up a week-long naval interoperability drill as part of the U.S. Cooperation Afloat Readiness and Training (CARAT) program, reports the Stars and Stripes. The CARAT exercises began in 1995 and focus on training with countries throughout South and Southeast Asia to improve interoperability. The joint exercise with Indonesia began on Aug. 1 in the Java Sea and covered submarine operations; visit, board search and seizure operations; dive team operations; and preventative medicine exchanges. U.S. Marines deploying out of Darwin, Australia, also participated in jungle survival training with Indonesian marines. American units participating included the littoral combat ship Montgomery, expeditionary fast transport Fall River, Coast Guard cutter Stratton, submarine support ship Carolyn Chouest and P-8A Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft.
Pakistan—Transports Reported Near Border With India-Administered Kashmir Asian News International | 08/12/2019 Pakistan has begun moving equipment towards its bases near the border with India-administered Kashmir, reports Asian News International (New Delhi). Three C-130 transports arrived at the Skardy air base on Saturday, intelligence sources told the agency. The planes were believed to be ferrying equipment to the forward locations, which are near Ladakh, a Buddhist-majority area of Indian Kashmir. India intelligence sources said that JF-17 fighter jets were expected to arrive as well. The moves follow New Delhi's announcement on Aug. 5 that it would revoke Article 370 of the constitution, as well as a related measure, that grants Kashmir a special status within India and restricts citizens from other states from buying property there. Pakistan has criticized the move and downgraded ties with India following the decision.
Yemen—Secessionist Fighters Control Temporary Capital Cable News Network | 08/12/2019 Separatist fighters have taken over the southern Yemeni city of Aden, the temporary capital of Yemen's internationally-recognized government, reports CNN. On Sunday, the Southern Transitional Council (STC) announced its control over the city's key sites, including ports and the airport. The interior minister from Yemen's internationally-recognized government called the takeover "a successful coup." Most government officials fled Yemen last week, after separatists seized strategic military bases in the city, reported the Wall Street Journal. Following the announcement, the Saudi-led coalition fighting in Yemen launched strikes on STC targets and demanded that separatists relinquish control. It was unclear if the attacks inflicted significant damage. Fighting in the city erupted on Aug. 7 between the government led by Abed Rabbu Mansour Hadi and the STC, reported Agence France-Presse. At least 40 people were killed and 260 wounded in the clashes, which largely subsided on Sunday, according to U.N. figures. The STC says it has agreed to talks with the Hadi government. A date has not been announced. The conflict revealed divisions between Saudi Arabia, which backs forces loyal to Hadi's government, and the United Arab Emirates, which supports the Security Belt Force, which is dominated by the STC, in their fight against the Houthi rebels to the north. STC President President Aidaroos Zubaidi says his fighters will continue to support the fight against the Houthis but will not withdraw, reported Reuters.
Syria—U.S Troop Withdrawal Creates Space For ISIS Resurgence Military Times | 08/12/2019 The withdrawal of U.S. troops from Syria has allowed ISIS to rebuild, according to a Pentagon report cited by the Military Times. In the last quarter, the terrorist group has continued to make the transition from a territory-holding force to an insurgency in Syria and strengthened its insurgency in Iraq, says the report, which was published on Aug. 6. The U.S. has withdrawn approximately half of the 2,000 special operations and training and advisory personnel that were in Syria since President Trump's decision in late 2018 to reduce the American mission there. The reduction has reduced the effectiveness of local partner forces, which are still in need of support to build credibility with local populations and collect intelligence. Without the support, local forces have not been able to keep up with the regrowth of ISIS. In addition, the lack of support could lead forces on the ground to turn elsewhere for help, which could be detrimental to U.S. interests, the study says.
Libya—3 U.N. Employees Killed In Benghazi United Nations News Service | 08/12/2019 At least three U.N. employees have been killed and three injured in a car bombing in the eastern Libyan city of Benghazi, reports the U.N. News Service. The explosion on Saturday targeted a shopping center in the city's Al-Hawari district, reported Agence France-Presse. A U.N. convoy was passing through the area at the time and may have been the target of the attack. Scores of civilians were wounded as they crowded into the area to prepare for the Eid Al Adha holiday. There were no immediate claims of responsibility. Prior to their expulsion in December 2017, the city was held by an array of Islamist militias. Benghazi is currently under the control of Libya's eastern government and its military arm, the Libyan National Army (LNA).
Tunisia—Defense Minister Resigns Post To Seek Presidency Yeni Safak | 08/12/2019 Tunisia's defense minister has decided to resign from the government in order to run for president following the death of President Beji Caid Essebsi last month, reports the Yeni Safak (Istanbul). On Aug. 7, Abdelkarim Zbidi formally resigned. He will likely run with the support of the secular Nidaa Tounes and Afek Tounes parties. Prior to serving as defense minister, he worked as a technocrat and a medical doctor, reported Reuters. His announcement came a day after the moderate Islamist Ennahda party announced that its vice president, Abdel Fattah Mourou, would be its candidate. The party is currently the largest in Tunisia. Other major candidates include current Prime Minister Youssef Chahed, running with the liberal Tahya Tounes party, as well as former Prime Minister Mehdi Jomaa and former interim President Moncef Marzouki.
Kenya—Government To Protest ICJ Decision To Review Maritime Dispute With Somalia Dalsan Radio | 08/12/2019 The Kenyan government has been ordered by the Parliament to file a protest with the U.N. after the International Court of Justice (ICJ) agreed to a Somali request to resolve a dispute of the mutual maritime boundary, reports Radio Dalsan (Somalia). Kenyan officials argue that Somalia has taken the dispute to the ICJ without first trying to resolve it through local mechanisms, such as the African Union, Intergovernmental Authority for Development and East African Community, as stipulated by the U.N. Conventional on the Law of the Sea. However, should the dispute resolution mechanisms be exhausted, the Parliament also left open the possibility of military action, reported the Star (Nairobi). Lawmakers from the governing and opposition parties sponsored a motion reinforcing the role of the Kenyan Defense Forces to protect the state's sovereignty and territorial integrity as a signal to that effect. Somalia first disputed its maritime border in 2014. A ruling in its favor would cause Kenya to lose 26 percent of its exclusive economic zone, 85 percent of its continental shelf, including access to suspected hydrocarbon deposits, and significant access to international waters.
Guatemala—Conservative Candidate Wins Presidency, Vows To Take On Gangs, Migrant Deal With U.S. Al Jazeera | 08/12/2019 Conservative candidate Alejandro Giammattei has won presidential elections in Guatemala, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar). On Sunday, the 63-year-old conservative candidate defeated former first lady Sandra Torres, who represented the centrist National Unity of Hope party. Giammattei's campaign focused on high rates of crime and security in the Central American country. He has promised a tough approach on gangs, including legalizing the death penalty and treating gangs like terrorist organizations. Giammattei told Reuters that he will also attempt to renegotiate some terms of a recently-signed deal on migration with the U.S. The agreement forces migrants to apply for asylum in Guatemala before being allowed to seek refuge in the U.S. His advocacy for the death penalty and harsh police tactics, stated opposition to free protests and lack of support for sexual minorities has raised criticism from some human-rights organizations. As the former director of the penitentiary system, he was accused of supporting extrajudicial killings. The president-elect will take office on Jan. 14, 2020.