Thursday, August 1, 2019

TheList 5058







The List 5058 TGB


To All,

I hope that your week has started well. This is a Bubba Breakfast Friday in San Diego.

Regards,

Skip

Today in Naval History

July 30

1918 Headquarters Company and Squadrons A, B, and C of the First Marine Aviation Force arrive at Brest, France, on board USS DeKalb (ID #3010), as U.S. enters European Theater of World War I.

1919 During an inspection by a six-man maintenance crew, the submarine USS G-2 suddenly floods and sinks at her moorings in Two Tree Channel near Niantic Bay off the Connecticut coast. She goes down in 13 1/2 fathoms, drowning three of the inspection crew.

1942 President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the act establishing WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service). During World War II, more than 80,000 officers and enlisted women serve in the WAVES.

1943 PV 1 aircraft from (VB 127) sinks German submarine (U 591) off Pernambuco, Brazil. Also on this date, TBFs and F4Fs (VC 29) from USS Santee (CVE 29) sink German submarine (U 43) in the mid-Atlantic, while (PC 624) sinks German submarine (U 375) off Tunisia.

1945 A Japanese submarine sinks USS Indianapolis (CA 35), northeast of Leyte. Only 316 of her 1,199 crew survive. Due to communications and other errors, her loss goes unnoticed until survivors are seen from a passing aircraft on Aug. 2. Four days earlier, she had delivered atomic bomb components used on Japan in August.

2005 USS Halsey (DDG 97) is commissioned at Naval Station North Island in San Diego, Calif. The Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer is named after U.S. Naval Academy graduate Fleet Adm. William Bull Halsey Jr., who commanded the U. S. 3rd Fleet during much of the Pacific War against Japan.





Thanks to CHINFO



Executive Summary:

• Several outlets are reporting that two U.S. service members were killed in Afghanistan on Monday.

• Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development, and Acquisition James Geurts warned last week that the window for innovating in Defense Department acquisition is closing, reports Defense Daily.

• USNS Carson City arrived in Lagos, Nigeria in support of its 2019 Africa Partnership Station (APS) deployment to the Gulf of Guinea.

• Rep. Elaine Luria (D-Va.) expresses concerns over the USS Gerald R. Ford advanced weapons elevators being further delayed, reports Bloomberg News.





Today in History July 30



1619

The House of Burgesses convenes for the first time at Jamestown, Va.


1787

The French parliament refuses to approve a more equitable land tax.


1799

The French garrison at Mantua, Italy, surrenders to the Austrians.


1864

In an effort to penetrate the Confederate lines around Petersburg, Va. Union troops explode a mine underneath the Confederate trenches but fail to break through. The ensuing action is known as the Battle of the Crater.


1919

Federal troops are called out to put down Chicago race riots.


1938

George Eastman demonstrates his color motion picture process.


1940

A bombing lull ends the first phase of the Battle of Britain.


1960

Over 60,000 Buddhists march in protest against the Diem government in South Vietnam.


1965

President Lyndon Johnson signs the Medicare Bill into law.


1967

General William Westmoreland claims that he is winning the war in Vietnam, but needs more men.


1975

Teamster leader Jimmy Hoffa disappears, last seen coming out of a restaurant in Bloomingfield Hills, Michigan.


1988

King Hussein dissolves Jordan's Parliament, surrenders Jordan's claims to the West Bank to the Palestinian Liberation Organization.


1990

Baseball Commissioner Fay Vincent forces George Steinbrenner to resign as principal partner of the New York Yankees.


2003

The last of the uniquely shaped "old style" Volkswagen Beetles rolls off the assembly line in Mexico.


2012

Blackout in India as power grid failure leaves 300 million+ without power.


21st CENTURY


2003


Last classic VW Beetle rolls off the line »




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This is a great history of the Guadalcanal Campaign put together by the Naval Historical and Heritage Command. Each different phase is detailed in the Gualdalcanal Campaign URL highlighted below,

From August 1942 through February 1943, U.S. forces sought to capture and then defend Guadalcanal from the Japanese. A planned amphibious landing turned quickly into a series of massive air and naval battles. The Guadalcanal campaign marked a major turning point in the Pacific during World War II, but it also revealed important lessons about the nature of warfare itself. Specifically, Guadalcanal showed how the old saying "the best defense is a good offense" can be rephrased to "a strong defense can become an effective offensive weapon." Of those who have studied the campaign, Guadalcanal teaches enduring lessons about the importance of integrating planning, training, and technology to generate options that confuse the enemy. To learn more, read the op-ed by Dr. Benjamin M. Jensen and Brig. Gen. William J. Bowers at the Navy Times.



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Thanks to Dr. Rich

THE OIL PATCH WARRIORS OF WORLD WAR II

Thanks to Mo ...



Sue and I visited the U.S. Military Cemetery at Cambridge this Spring with a WWII Museum tour of the Allied air bases in England …. and I sent this story to the retired SEAL who currently runs the cemetery ...









THE OIL PATCH WARRIORS OF WORLD WAR II

Seventy-five years ago this month, a Band of Roughnecks went abroad on a top secret mission into Robin Hood's stomping grounds to punch oil wells to help fuel England's war machines.

It's a story that should make any oilman or woman proud.

The year was 1943 and England was mired in World War II. U-boats attacked supply vessels, choking off badly needed supplies to the island nation. But oil was the commodity they needed the most as they warred with Germany.

A book "The Secret of Sherwood Forest: Oil Production in England During World War II" written by Guy Woodward and Grace Steele Woodward was published in 1973, and tells the obscure story of the American oil men who went to England to bore wells in a top secret mission in March 1943.

England had but one oil field, in Sherwood Forest of all places. Its meager output of 300 barrels a day was literally a drop in the bucket of their requirement of 150,000 barrels a day to fuel their war machines.

Then a top secret plan was devised: to send some Americans and their expertise to assist in developing the field. Oklahoma based Noble Drilling Company, along with Fain-Porter signed a one year contract to drill 100 wells for England, merely for costs and expenses.

42 drillers and roughnecks from Texas and Oklahoma, most in their teens and early twenties volunteered for the mission to go abroad. The hands embarked for England in March 1943 aboard the HMS Queen Elizabeth. Four National 50 drilling rigs were loaded onto ships but only three of them made landfall; the Nazi U-boats sank one of the rigs enroute to the UK.

The Brits' jaws dropped as the Yanks began punching the wells in a week, compared to five to eight weeks for their British counterparts. They worked 12 hour tours, 7 days a week and within a year, the Americans had drilled 106 wells and England oil production shot up from 300 barrels a day to over 300,000

The contract fulfilled, the American oil men departed England in late March 1944. But only 41 hands were on board the return voyage. Herman Douthit, a Texan derrick-hand was killed during the operation. He was laid to rest with full military honors, and remains the only civilian to be buried at The American Military Cemetery in Cambridge.

"The Oil Patch Warrior," 
 
 
 
 a seven foot bronze statue of a roughneck holding a four foot pipe wrench stands near Nottingham England to honor the American oil men's assistance and sacrifice in the war. A replica was placed in Ardmore Oklahoma in 2001

It is by no means a stretch to state that without the American mission, we might all be speaking German today.

Special thanks to the American Oil and Gas Historical Society.



"There are no noble wars, just noble warriors"

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Thanks to Chuck, Dutch and a few others

A Short Poem you will not forget... NEVER FORGET !



thanks to JN

A Short Poem you will not forget..and don't forget to share..

Do you recalL President Obama referring to the Benghazi incident as "a bump in the road?"

Recently I heard an ex-Navy Seal being interviewed on Fox News regarding a book he has Written about how to handle crisis situations in our lives.

At the end of the interview he asked if he could make a comment on Benghazi and, of course, The anchor said "yes."



He then thanked Fox News for keeping the Benghazi story in the news, since other news organizations are not.



He said the Seals who died deserve the public knowing the truth about the whole Affair.

This poem was written by an anonymous Marine Corps officer:




"THE BATTLING BOYS OF BENGHAZI"




We're the battling boys of Benghazi,

No fame, no glory, no paparazzi.

Just a fiery death in a blazing hell,

Defending our country we loved so well.



It wasn't our job, but we answered the call,

Fought to the Consulate and scaled the wall

We pulled twenty countrymen from the jaws of fate

Led them to safety and stood at the gate.



Just the two of us and foes by the score,

But we stood fast to bar the door.

Three calls for reinforcement, but all were denied,

So we fought and we fought and we fought 'til we died.



We gave our all for our Uncle Sam,

But Barack and Hillary didn't give a damn.

Just two dead Seals who carried the load

No thanks to us...we were just

"Bumps In The Road".



*************************

So, will this reach every American with a computer? Or do we act like the press and give a pass to the people who literally sat there in the White House and watched the Seals' execution on live streaming video and did absolutely nothing?

But then again, here's the quote from Hillary ,when questioned about her actions that night, "What difference does it make?"






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Thanks to Chuck



Apparently Digital Combat Simulation (DCS) is well known for its realism and VR capabilities, and there's an F-14 simulation by Heartblur that is featured in this amazing YouTube video. Hard to tell the real aerial footage from the computer generated images sometimes.





https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=137&v=P_FCuMAl8oA





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Thanks to Carl



https://www.lewrockwell.com/2019/07/michael-snyder/a-large-solar-storm-will-hit-earth-on-july-31-or-august-1-at-the-same-time-that-the-black-supermoon-happens/



A Large Solar Storm Will Hit Earth On July 31 Or August 1 At The Same Time That The "Black Supermoon" Happens

By Michael SnyderEnd Of The American Dream

July 30, 2019



An absolutely massive hole has formed in the upper atmosphere of the Sun, and our planet will align with that hole later this week. Once the alignment happens, Earth will be bombarded by a "solar storm", and nobody is quite sure yet how bad it will be. If the storm is relatively minor, we could just experience a few disruptions to satellite communications and see some pretty lights in the sky. But if the storm is really severe, our electrical grid could be fried and we could experience widespread power outages. According to the Express, "the solar storm will hit Earth on July 31 or August 1″…



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Thanks to Dale…..I think..not something I would be looking forward to



Are fighter pilots at greater risk for prostate cancer? The Air Force is now asking



https://www.mcclatchydc.com/news/nation-world/national/national-security/article233186411.html



Runt





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Some news from around the world for 30 July



USA—Air Force Aircraft Readiness Continues To Decline Air Force Times | 07/30/2019 The number of Air Force aircraft able to fly at any given time dropped below 70 percent in 2018, reports the Air Force Times. The readiness rate dropped to 69.97 percent in 2018, continuing a six-year decline that began in 2012. Over that period, the number of aircraft available has dropped by eight points, down from 77.9 percent in 2012. Among the most significant declines were the F-35 Lightning II (5 percent); F-15E Strike Eagle (4 percent); CV-22 Osprey (7 percent); E-3G Sentry(9 percent); C-130H Hercules (5 percent); and T-6A Texan II (10 percent). The mission-capable rate does not reflect the overall readiness of the Air Force, since it includes aircraft engaged in routine scheduled maintenance and modernization, said Air Force officials. The overall decline in readiness has been primarily attributed to an increase in the average age of the service's aircraft. The average age of fighter and attack aircraft has increased from 10 years in 1991 to 28 years in 2018. Another issue is a lack of experienced maintainers. While the service has largely eliminated the gap of 4,000 maintainers that was identified in past years, the new maintainers lack certain necessary experience. Solutions under consideration include using additively manufactured parts and data analytics for predictive maintenance. Predictive maintenance is already being used on the E-3, C-5, KC-135 and B-1 fleets, and is expected to be applied to the F-16, HH-60, C-17 and C-130H/J fleets, officials said.



USA—Senate Fails To Override Trump's Veto Of Resolutions Prohibiting Arms Sales To Saudi Arabia, U.A.E. Cable News Network | 07/30/2019 The U.S. Senate has failed to obtain the necessary votes to override President Donald Trump's veto of measures restricting arms sales to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, reports CNN. On Monday, the Senate failed to pass three joint resolutions with the necessary two-thirds majority, never garnering more than 46 votes, reported United Press International. As a result, the sale of $8.1 billion in arms to Middle Eastern partner nations can move forward. Trump vetoed the bills on July 24, arguing that a ban on arms sales to Saudi Arabia would weaken America's global competitiveness and damage allies and partners. The House and the Senate first passed the measures in June, citing civilian casualties in the war in Yemen and the killing of a dissident Saudi journalist. In May, the president declared an emergency that would allow him to bypass congressional approval and expedite arms sales to the two countries. Trump also vetoed legislation in April that would have ended U.S. military support for the war in Yemen, noted USA Today.



USA—HASC Frees Funding For King Stallion Helo Program After Positive Progress Report Bloomberg | 07/30/2019 Lawmakers have agreed to release millions of dollars in research funding for the CH-53K King Stallion cargo helicopter after progress was demonstrated on ongoing technical problems, reports Bloomberg News. House Armed Services Committee Chairman Rep. Adam Smith (D-Wash.) and ranking member Rep. Mac Thornberry (R-Texas) agreed to release the $79 million in a July 17 letter to the Dept. of Defense. The decision was made after a Navy briefing on steps taken by the department to address program deficiencies, according to the letter. The Navy had initially requested permission to shift $158 million in funding in order to correct several problems with the helicopter, which is already two years behind schedule. Smith is continuing to block the transfer of the remaining $79 million until he receives a report on progress on the most pressing issue -- the ingestion of exhaust gasses into the engines. The CH-53K program remains on track to meet its current initial operational capability milestone in late 2021, the program manager said.



USA—Townsend Takes Over AFRICOM Africa Command | 07/30/2019 An Army officer has just taken command of U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM). Gen. Stephen Townsend assumed command during a ceremony on July 26 in Stuttgart, Germany, said an AFRICOM release. Townsend replaces Marine Gen. Thomas Waldhauser, who is retiring at the end of a 43-year career. The general previously served as the head of the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. Townsend is the fifth AFRICOM chief. The command was established in 2008 to coordinate military relations and activities with African countries, regional organizations and the African Union.



United Kingdom—Encryption Tops Agenda During Five Eyes Summit Reuters | 07/30/2019 Encryption is a focus of this week's meeting of the Five Eyes intelligence-sharing bloc in London, reports Reuters. Attorneys general from the group's five partner nations are also planning to discuss means to counter child sex abusers, terrorist financing, cybercrime, social media and hostile state activities during their meeting on Wednesday. Leaders of industry giants such as Facebook, Google and Microsoft will also participate in the meetings, said the U.K. Home Office. U.S. Attorney General William Barr is scheduled to represent the U.S. He attracted controversy last week after expressing frustration with the role that encryption can play in facilitating criminal activity. The Five Eyes consists of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the U.K. and the U.S.



Turkey—Aselsan To Provide Telecommunications Suite For Next-Gen Subs Hurriyet | 07/30/2019 Aselsan has been selected to supply the telecommunications system for the Turkish navy's new Pirireis-class submarines, reports the Hurriyet Daily News (Istanbul). The communications suite will include underwater and above water communications; satellite communications; and radar transponders. The suite will also include a communication switching system, message-handling system, intercom, sound-powered telephone and standard telephone system. Aselsan will deliver six electronic support measure systems and six integrated communication and satellite communication systems under the contract. The communications suite is the first ever produced by Aselsan for a submarine, according to Turkey's Defense Industries Presidency. The boats fitted with the system are scheduled for delivery in 2021.



Turkey—Sale Of Attack Helos To Pakistan Stalled Over U.S. Engines Ahval News | 07/30/2019 A deal with Pakistan for T129 ATAK helicopters is on hold after the U.S. refused to grant an export permit for a critical component, reports the Ahval News (Turkey). Pakistan agreed to purchase 30 T129 ATAKs in July 2018 as part of a US$1.5 billion deal. The Pentagon last year declined to issue an export license for the CTS800 engine, which is produced by the LHTEC joint venture between Rolls-Royce and Honeywell. The move is part of the Trump administration's policy not to provide any security assistance to Pakistan until it takes decisive action against terrorist groups within its borders, reported the Press Trust of India. Engines produced in Poland and France are being considered as replacements, but no decisions have been made. The helicopters are intended to replace the AH-1F Cobras currently in service, which do not perform adequately in the high altitudes of the Hindu Kush mountains.



Russia—Opposition Leader May Have Been Poisoned Cbs News | 07/30/2019 Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny has been released from the hospital after an illness his doctors say may have been caused by poison, reports CBS News. Navalny was taken to the hospital from a Moscow jail on Sunday night, where he was serving a 30-day sentence for organizing an unauthorized protest against the exclusion of prominent independent candidates from Moscow city council elections in September. He was taken to the hospital for what was initially described as an acute allergic reaction. A spokesperson for the opposition leader said he had severe facial swelling and a rash all over his body. Doctors agreed that it was the result of "poisoning by an unknown substance," said one of Navalny's lawyers. It was not clear if doctors thought he might have been intentionally poisoned. The doctors at the Moscow hospital behaved strangely and did not want to investigate the cause of the illness, Navalny's physician wrote in a Facebook post on Sunday. On Monday, Navalny was released back to jail to finish out his sentence. Later on Monday evening, Navalny posted a blog entry saying that he was feeling much better, reported the Guardian (U.K.).



China—J-20 Seen In Operational Service For 1st Time Global Times | 07/30/2019 China's advanced J-20 fighter jet has been shown in operational service for the first time, reports the Global Times (China). In a photo released by the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) last week, the J-20 is seen with the tail number 62001. Tail numbers beginning with 6 indicate an aircraft's assignment to a combat unit of the PLA's Eastern Theater Command. Previously pictured J-20s were assigned serial numbers beginning with 7, indicating that they belonged to trial units. The PLAAF announced in February 2018 that the aircraft had entered operational service, but this is the first time it has released a photo of an operational jet. The assignment of the operational tail number also indicates the preparedness of the pilots, training syllabus and maintenance manual for the aircraft, according to Chinese air defense experts. The fighter's assignment to the Eastern Theater Command suggests it will be focused on operations in the Taiwan Strait and military activities between Japan and the U.S., said analysts cited by the South China Morning Post. The J-20 is expected to enter serial production this year.



Taiwan—Air Force Conducts Anti-Ship Exercise As China Prepares For Drills In Taiwan Strait Taiwan News | 07/30/2019 The Taiwanese air force held a missile-firing exercise off the southeast coast of the country not long after China announced a pair of large-scale exercises near Taiwan, reports the Taiwan News. On Monday, two Taiwanese F-16s conducted live-fire anti-ship missile training, firing several AGM-84 Harpoons at two decommissioned vessels off the southeast coast. The vessels had been renamed after PLA Navy (PLAN) vessels, including the service's only aircraft carrier, the Liaoning. This is the first time since 2001 that the air force has conducted live fire testing with the Harpoon, reported the Chinese-language Liberty Times. Meanwhile, the Chinese Maritime Safety Administration announced two large-scale military exercises this week in the South and East China Seas near Taiwan, reported the Japan Times. Training off the coast of Zhejiang province, north of Taiwan, is scheduled through Thursday, while drills off the coast of Guangdong province, southwest of Taiwan, would conclude on Friday. The drills are expected to involve "all military branches of the People's Liberation Army and serve as a warning to Taiwan secessionists," said China's Global Times. The exercises will abut the middle of the Taiwan strait which has served as the limit for naval deployments by the two sides in the past, according to Taiwanese experts cited by EJ Insight (Hong Kong).



Japan—Pentagon Expected To Reject Tokyo's Request To Join F-35 Program Defense News | 07/30/2019 The U.S. Dept. of Defense is expected to rejected a Japanese request to join the F-35 fighter jet program as a full partner, reports Defense News. Japan asked for information on how it could become a full member of the F-35 industrial group in a June 18 letter to Pentagon acquisition chief Ellen Lord. U.S. defense officials told the newspaper that the request will likely be rejected due to concerns that including Japan could lead to new tensions in the jet's production base and lead other customer countries to seek similar access to the program. Lord is scheduled to meet with Japanese defense officials later this week. A spokeswoman for the F-35 Joint Program Office said that the partnership is limited to those who signed up during the program's initial stages in July 2002. Separate memos in 2002 and 2007 stated that only nations that participated in the initial development phase would have full access to the production, sustainment and modernization stages. A senior F-35 program official suggested that the Pentagon could change the rules if it wanted to. Japan plans to buy 147 aircraft in both the F-35A conventional takeoff and landing and F-35B short-takeoff and vertical-landing (STOVL) configurations.



Pakistan—17 Die As Military Aircraft Goes Down In Rawalpindi Dawn | 07/30/2019 At least 17 people have been killed and 12 injured after a Pakistani military aircraft crashed near Rawalpindi, reports the Dawn (Karachi). The plane went down in Mora Kalu village during a routine training flight early Tuesday morning, according to an Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) press release. Military officials declined to identify the type of aircraft or the cause of the crash. Five crewmembers aboard the aircraft, including two high-ranking army officers, were killed, as well as 12 civilians on the ground, reported Reuters. Twelve civilians were transported to the hospital. An army officer at the scene said that a military plane had struck the side of a residential building, causing it to collapse.



Afghanistan—2 U.S. Troops Killed In Possible Insider Attack NATO's Resolute Support Mission | 07/30/2019 Two U.S. troops have been killed in a suspected insider attack in Afghanistan, reports the NATO Resolute Support Mission. The statement indicated that the attack occurred on Monday but provided no further details. Afghan officials told the Washington Post that the soldiers were killed in an insider attack on a base in the southern Kandahar province. If correct, it would be the first such attack since November. The incident occurred at a base in the in the Shah Wali Kot district, said a spokesman for the Afghan Defense Ministry. The Afghan shooter was wounded in return fire and taken to a local hospital. A Taliban statement cited by Tolo News (Afghanistan) claimed that the shooter had killed four U.S. servicemembers and wounded two others. The deaths bring the total number of U.S. servicemembers killed in Afghanistan in 2019 to 14.



Yemen—14 Killed In Saudi-Led Coalition Attack In North Voice Of America News | 07/30/2019 At least 14 people have been killed and 26 wounded in an attack on a market in Yemen's northern Saada province, reports the Voice of America News. On Monday, missiles hit the Al Thabet market, said medical sources. Houthi sources blamed the attack on the Saudi-led coalition fighting the militant group. Some observers described the attack as retaliation following a Houthi drone attack on a Saudi airfield. The information minister from Yemen's internationally-recognized government, Moammar Eryan, said that the Houthis had used Katyusharockets to attack domestic opponents, reported CNN. On Sunday, the Houthis claimed responsibility for a drone attack on the Abha airport in southwestern Saudi Arabia, reported the Houthi-run Al-Masirah television.



Israel—F-35s Hit Iranian Targets In Iraq Asharq Al-Awsat | 07/30/2019 Israeli jets have attacked Iranian targets in Iraq twice in the past month, according to Western diplomatic sources cited by Asharq Al Awsat(London). On July 19, an Israeli F-35I fighter jet struck an Iranian rockets depot in Amreli in Saladin province north of Baghdad, reported the Jerusalem Post. Shortly before the attack, Iranian-made ballistic missiles were transported to the facility in refrigerated food trucks, reported Al Arabiya (Dubai). Iranian military advisers and Iran-backed forces may have been killed in the strike. Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) officials told Al Jarida (Kuwait) at the time that they suspected an Israeli drone launched from within Iraq was behind the attack. On Sunday, Israeli aircraft hit Ashraf base, 25 miles (40 km) northeast of Baghdad and 50 miles (80 km) from the Iranian border. The site was formerly used as a base by the Mujahedin-e Khalq (MEK), a militant Iranian opposition group. That strike targeted a recent shipment of ballistic missiles as well as Iranian military advisers at the site. Sources also confirmed that a suspected Israeli strike on June 24 on Tal Al Hara targeted Iranian-backed forces as they tried to take the strategic hill. The Israeli attacks have led Iranian forces to begin moving much of their military equipment in Syria closer to the border with Iraq, including the T4 Airbase, which is situated between Homs and Palmyra.



Sudan—5 Killed In Attack On Student Demonstration Sudan Tribune | 07/30/2019 Five demonstrators have been killed and dozens wounded after security forces allegedly opened fire on a protest in the central North Kordofan state, reports the Sudan Tribune (Paris). On Monday, rooftop snipers opened fire on students protesting rising costs and the lack of transportation in El Obeid, about 250 miles (400 km) southwest of Khartoum, said unnamed sources. Witnesses said they were unable to identify those who opened fire. The opposition Forces of Freedom and Change blamed military and paramilitary forces for the attack and called for nationwide protests, reported Reuters. Four of the slain protesters were children, reported the Guardian (U.K.). The students ranged in age from 14 to 16. At least 62 people were wounded by gunfire or tear gas, said the Central Committee of Sudan Doctors (CCSD). Witnesses said the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF), the successor to the Janjaweed militia, opened fire on the demonstrators. Sudanese protest leaders called off planned talks with the ruling military council in order to visit the site, reported Agence France-Presse. The Sudanese Transitional Military Council has ordered that the perpetrators are to be held accountable, reported the state-run SUNA news agency. The United Nations has called for an investigation into the attack.

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