Thursday, August 1, 2019

TheList 5045

The List 5045 TGB

To All,

I hope that you all have a great weekend.



Today in Naval History

July 12


Charles H. Haswell is commissioned as the first regularly appointed Engineer Officer. In Oct. 1844, he is promoted to Engineer in Chief of the Navy.


The AB-3 flying boat, piloted by Lt. Godfrey de Chevalier, is catapulted from USS North Carolina (ACR 12) while underway in Pensacola Bay, Fla. The launch completes calibration of the first catapult designed for shipboard use.


USS Taylor (DD 468) sinks Japanese submarine (RO 107), east of Kolombangara, Solomon Islands.


Secretary of Defense Frank Carlucci III approves opening the Navy's Underwater Construction Teams, fleet oilers, ammunition ships and combat stores ships to women.


Cmdr. Rosemary B. Mariner becomes the first woman to command an operational aviation squadron, Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron 34 (VAQ 34). She is one of the first women to become qualified as a Naval Aviator in 1974 and one of the first women to fly light attack aircraft. Mariner attained the rank of Captain before retiring in 1997.


USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) is commissioned at Naval Station Norfolk. The ninth in the Nimitz-class of nuclear-powered supercarriers, the ship's motto is Peace through Strength, a phrase coined by President Reagan.

July 13


The frigate, USS Essex, commanded by Capt. David Porter, captures the merchant brig, Lamprey, in the Atlantic.


The sloop of war, USS Cyane, bombards San Juan del Norte (Greytown), Nicaragua, in retaliation for ill-treatment of U.S. citizens. Marines and Sailors also seize weapons and powder in retribution for an attack on U.S. Consular officials for U.S. refusal to pay reparation.


Rear Adm. Richard Byrd is appointed to command the 1939-1941 U.S. Antarctic Service Expedition. Under objectives outlined by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Byrd establishes an east and west base and holds a wide range of scientific observations until international tensions end the expedition in early 1941.


TBF aircraft (VC 13) based on board USS Core (ACV 13) sinks German submarine U 487, 720 miles south-southwest of Fayal, Azores.


The Japanese are intercepted from landing reinforcements in the Solomon Islands, resulting in the night Battle of Kolombangara. During the battle, the U.S. Navy loses USS Gwin (DD 433).


USS Kentucky (SSBN 737) is commissioned at Groton, Conn., the third Navy vessel to be named after the Bluegrass state. The thoroughbred of the Fleet is an Ohio-class ballistic missile submarine.

July 14


During the War of 1812, Lt. John M. Gamble becomes the first Marine to command a ship in battle, USS Greenwich, when she captures British whaling ship Seringapatam.


Commodore Matthew C. Perry lands and holds the first meeting with the Japanese at Uraga, in which he delivers President Millard Fillmores request for a treaty to representatives to the Emperor. Allowing time for reflection and discussion, Commodore Perry returns in March 1854 and finalizes the Treaty of Kanagawa.


In the first naval gunfire bombardment of the Japanese home islands, Task Unit 34.8.1 warships bombard ironworks plant at Kamaishi, Japan.


The keel to the Navy's first supercarrier, USS Forrestal (CVA 59), is laid down.


The first flight of jet-propelled Martin P6M seaplane is completed at Baltimore, Md.

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

• President Trump declared a state of emergency in Louisiana allowing for federal assistance ahead of Tropical Storm Barry. Storm conditions are expected to begin this morning.

• Ukraine stated that a Russian destroyer entered an area of the Black Sea reserved for naval gunfire practice for the Sea Breeze exercise, creating a dangerous situation, reports Defense One.

• CNN reports that the Senate Armed Services committee has announced that it will expedite the process to confirm Mark Esper as the next Secretary of Defense.

Today in History July 12


Crusaders under Peter the Hermit reach Sofia in Hungary.


William III defeats the allied Irish and French armies at the Battle of Aughrim, Ireland.


British Admiral Lord Nelson loses his right eye at the siege of Calvi, in Corsica.


The Confederation of the Rhine is established in Germany.


Moscow is bombed by the German Luftwaffe for the first time.


President Dwight D. Eisenhower proposes a highway modernization program, with costs to be shared by federal and state governments.


The U.S. surgeon general, Leroy E. Burney, reports that there is a direct link between smoking and lung cancer.


G. Gordon Liddy, John Ehrlichman and two others are convicted of conspiracy and perjury in connection with the Watergate scandal.


Democratic presidential candidate Walter Mondale chooses Geraldine Ferraro as his running mate.


Thanks to Bart

An Interesting piece of forgotten U.S. History

When Jefferson saw there was no negotiating with Muslims, he formed what is the now the Marines (sea going soldiers). These Marines were attached to U. S. Merchant vessels. When the Muslims attacked U.S. merchant vessels, they were repulsed by armed soldiers, but there is more.

The Marines followed the Muslims back to their villages and killed every man, woman, and child in the village. It didn't take long for the Muslims to leave U.S. Merchant vessels alone. English and French merchant vessels started running up our flag when entering the Mediterranean to secure safe travel.

Why the Marine Hymn Contains the Verse "… to the shores of Tripoli." This is very interesting and a must read piece of our history. It points out where we may be heading. Most Americans are unaware of the fact that over two hundred years ago, the United States had declared war on Islam and Thomas Jefferson led the charge!

At the height of the 18th century, Muslim pirates (the "Barbary Pirates") were the terror of the Mediterranean and a large area of the North Atlantic. They attacked every ship in sight and held the crews for exorbitant ransoms. Those taken hostage were subjected to barbaric treatment and wrote heart-breaking letters home, begging their government and family members to pay whatever their Mohammedan captors demanded.

These extortionists of the high seas represented the North African Islamic nations of Tripoli, Tunis, Morocco, and Algiers - collectively referred to as the Barbary Coast - and presented a dangerous and unprovoked threat to the new American Republic ..

Before the Revolutionary War, U.S. merchant ships had been under the protection of Great Britain. When the U.S. declared its independence and entered into war, the ships of the United States were protected by France. However, once the war was won, America had to protect its own fleets.

Thus, the birth of the U.S. Navy. Beginning in 1784, 17 years before he would become president, Thomas Jefferson became America's Minister to France. That same year, the U.S. Congress sought to appease its Muslim adversaries by following in the footsteps of European nations who paid bribes to the Barbary States rather than engaging them in war.

In July of 1785, Algerian pirates captured American ships, and the Dye of Algiers demanded an unheard-of ransom of $60,000. It was a plain and simple case of extortion, and Thomas Jefferson was vehemently opposed to any further payments. Instead, he proposed to Congress the formation of a coalition of allied nations who together could force the Islamic states into peace. A disinterested Congress decided to pay the ransom.

In 1786, Thomas Jefferson and John Adams met with Tripoli's ambassador to Great Britain to ask by what right his nation attacked American ships and enslaved American citizens, and why Muslims held so much hostility towards America, a nation with which they had no previous contacts.

The two future presidents reported that Ambassador Sidi Haji Abdul Rahman Adja had answered that Islam "was founded on the Laws of their Prophet, that it was written in their Quran that all nations who would not acknowledge their authority were sinners, that it was their right and duty to make war upon them wherever they could be found, and to make slaves of all they could take as prisoners, and that every Musselman (Muslim) who should be slain in Battle was sure to go to Paradise."

Despite this stunning admission of premeditated violence on non-Muslim nations, as well as the objections of many notable American leaders, including George Washington, who warned that caving in was both wrong and would only further embolden the enemy, for the following fifteen years the American government paid the Muslims millions of dollars for the safe passage of American ships or the return of American hostages. The payments in ransom and tribute amounted to over 20 percent of the United States government annual revenues in 1800.

Jefferson was disgusted. Shortly after his being sworn in as the third President of the United States in 1801, the Pasha of Tripoli sent him a note demanding the immediate payment of $225,000 plus $25,000 a year for every year forthcoming. That changed everything.

Jefferson let the Pasha know, in no uncertain terms, what he could do with his demand. The Pasha responded by cutting down the flagpole at the American consulate and declared war on the United States. Tunis, Morocco, and Algiers immediately followed suit. Jefferson, until now, had been against America raising a naval force for anything beyond coastal defense, but, having watched his nation be cowed by Islamic thuggery for long enough, decided that it was finally time to meet force with force.

He dispatched a squadron of frigates to the Mediterranean and taught the Muslim nations of the Barbary Coast a lesson he hoped they would never forget. Congress authorized Jefferson to empower U.S. ships to seize all vessels and goods of the Pasha of Tripoli and to "cause to be done all other acts of precaution or hostility as the state of war would justify".

When Algiers and Tunis, who were both accustomed to American cowardice and acquiescence, saw the newly independent United States had both the will and the right to strike back, they quickly abandoned their allegiance to Tripoli. The war with Tripoli lasted for four more years and raged up again in 1815. The bravery of the U.S. Marine Corps in these wars led to the line" the shores of Tripoli" in the Marine Hymn, and they would forever be known as "leathernecks" for the leather collars of their uniforms, designed to prevent their heads from being cut off by the Muslim scimitars when boarding enemy ships.

Islam, and what its Barbary followers justified doing in the name of their prophet and their god, disturbed Jefferson quite deeply. America had a tradition of religious tolerance. In fact Jefferson, himself, had co-authored the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, but fundamentalist Islam was like no other religion the world had ever seen. A religion based on supremacy, whose holy book not only condoned but mandated violence against unbelievers, was unacceptable to him. His greatest fear was that someday this brand of Islam would return and pose an even greater threat to the United States .

This should concern every American. That Muslims have brought about women-only classes and swimming times at taxpayer-funded universities and public pools; that Christians, Jews, and Hindus have been banned from serving on juries where Muslim defendants are being judged; Piggy banks and Porky Pig tissue dispensers have been banned from workplaces because they offend Islamist sensibilities; ice cream has been discontinued at certain Burger King locations because the picture on the wrapper looks similar to the Arabic script for Allah; public schools are pulling pork from their menus. But in turn several American companies have placed the Muslim symbol on their products in the name of Allah; on and on and on and on..

It's death by a thousand cuts, or inch-by-inch as some refer to it, and most Americans have no idea that this battle is being waged every day across America. By not fighting back, by allowing groups to obfuscate what is really happening, and not insisting that the Islamists adapt to our own culture, the United States is cutting its own throat with a politically correct knife, and helping to further the Islamists agenda. Sadly, it appears that today America 's leaders would rather be politically correct than victorious!

If you have any doubts about the above information, Google "Thomas Jefferson vs. the Muslim World."



Thanks to Dutch R.

Thanks to JN

Another nearly forgotten hero. We need to never forget these heroes who paid for our freedom!!!

Remembering a Nice Jewish Dentist, 73 Years After His Death

—J.J. Sefton

There isn't all that much we know about Ben Salomon. He has no living relatives that we know of, and any friends or acquaintances have more than likely passed on. With the very youngest of what has been called "The Greatest Generation" now in their late 80s or early 90s, it would take quite a bit of detective work to find anyone who knew him.

What we do know is he was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on September 1, 1914. He was an Eagle Scout, graduated from Shorewood High School then got his undergraduate degree from Marquette University and from there went on to graduate from the USC Dental School in 1937 and began a dental practice. In 1940, he was drafted into the U.S. Army as a private but by May 1943, he was serving as the regimental dental officer of the 105th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division, attaining the rank of captain in 1944.

On June 15th of that year, Salomon went ashore on the Japanese bastion of Saipan with the 27th along with two divisions of Marines. It is there, on the night of July 7th where he and his comrades in the 105th found themselves in the middle of the largest banzai charge of the Pacific war.

Medal of Honor Citation:

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty:

Captain Ben L. Salomon was serving at Saipan, in the Marianas Islands on July 7, 1944, as the Surgeon for the 2nd Battalion, 105th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division. The Regiment's 1st and 2d Battalions were attacked by an overwhelming force estimated between 3,000 and 5,000 Japanese soldiers. It was one of the largest attacks attempted in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Although both units fought furiously, the enemy soon penetrated the Battalions' combined perimeter and inflicted overwhelming casualties. In the first minutes of the attack, approximately 30 wounded soldiers walked, crawled, or were carried into Captain Salomon's aid station, and the small tent soon filled with wounded men. As the perimeter began to be overrun, it became increasingly difficult for Captain Salomon to work on the wounded. He then saw a Japanese soldier bayoneting one of the wounded soldiers lying near the tent. Firing from a squatting position, Captain Salomon quickly killed the enemy soldier. Then, as he turned his attention back to the wounded, two more Japanese soldiers appeared in the front entrance of the tent. As these enemy soldiers were killed, four more crawled under the tent walls. Rushing them, Captain Salomon kicked the knife out of the hand of one, shot another, and bayoneted a third. Captain Salomon butted the fourth enemy soldier in the stomach and a wounded comrade then shot and killed the enemy soldier. Realizing the gravity of the situation, Captain Salomon ordered the wounded to make their way as best they could back to the regimental aid station, while he attempted to hold off the enemy until they were clear. Captain Salomon then grabbed a rifle from one of the wounded and rushed out of the tent. After four men were killed while manning a machine gun, Captain Salomon took control of it. When his body was later found, 98 dead enemy soldiers were piled in front of his position. Captain Salomon's extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.

Captain Salomon was recommended for the Medal of Honor, but the recommendation was rejected by the 27th's commanding general, citing medical officers and other non-combatants cannot receive the award for offensive actions. Over the years, the recommendation was resubmitted four more times but rejected on the same grounds. Finally, on May 1st, 2002, President Bush presented the medal to the chairman of the USC Dental School, where it is on display.

I've become somewhat obsessed with this story because I believe I might have a connection to Ben Salomon; it's a bit of a stretch but nevertheless it's there. My uncle was a PFC in Company K of the 105th Infantry Regiment of the 27th Division. Now, the 27th is based in New York and at that time many of its ranks came from the Albany/Schenectady/Troy area as well as NYC and elsewhere. Salomon was from Milwaukee and my uncle from Chicago. At 28, he was considerably older than most of the men he served with but just two years younger than Salomon, and both were Jewish. All that considered, there's no doubt in my mind that these two, older Jewish guys from the midwest, surrounded by younger New Yorkers, must have crossed paths and perhaps even developed a friendship.

We'll never know; my uncle was killed a week earlier on July 1st. Had he survived that night, he would have been in the middle of that banzai charge along with Salomon. And had they survived that, and the rest of the bloody battle to take the island, the next stop for the 27th was Okinawa.

It's strange to have a connection to a relative that you never knew. Oddly enough, that connection has grown more profound as the years have passed. My dad (his brother) never talked about him all that much and I never pressed him because I sensed it was too painful. Discovering Ben Salomon's story was exciting in its promise of learning more about my uncle, but aside from the commonalities cited above, there is nothing more to be learned.

As for Captain Ben L. Salomon, what we can say for sure is that he saved dozens of lives, as both a healer and as a soldier.


Thanks to Dutch

I am impressed!!

Coast Guardsman jumps onto narco-submarine loaded with drugs in Pacific Ocean I ABC7 -

Video from the U.S. Coast Guard shows crew members boarding a suspected drug smuggling vessel in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, with one pounding on the hatch until someone inside opened it ..


A bit of history from around the world.

Turkey—S-400 Deliveries Underway, Defense Ministry Says Anadolu News Agency | 07/12/2019 The Turkish Defense Ministry says it has begun to take delivery of equipment for new air defense systems ordered from Russia, reports the state-run Anadolu Agency. On Friday, elements of the S-400 air defense system began arriving at Murted air base near Ankara, the ministry said. Another shipment will soon be delivered via military aircraft, a military diplomatic source told the Tass news agency (Moscow). More than 120 missiles will be shipped by sea later this summer, said the source. The U.S. has criticized the acquisition and called on Turkey to abandon the deal, citing concerns that the Russian system could collect intelligence on the advanced F-35 fighter jet, which Turkey was set to buy. In June, the U.S. suspended training of Turkish F-35 pilots at American bases. Washington has threatened to cut Ankara from the program if it acquires the S-400. The U.S. is also expected to implement sanctions on Turkey under the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), reported CNN.

USA—Congress Remains In The Dark On New Cyber Weapon Directive Wall Street Journal | 07/12/2019 Nearly a year after the Trump administration issued a classified directive outlining the rules for the military's use of cyber weapons, no member of Congress has been able to review the document, reports the Wall Street Journal. The directive, known as National Security Presidential Memorandum 13, reportedly replaced the Obama Administration's Presidential Policy Directive 20 with new Dept. of Defense guidelines that allow more autonomy and flexibility for launching offensive cyber attacks. A bipartisan letter, signed by the chairman of the House Armed Services Committee Rep. Adam Smith (D-Wash.), ranking member Rep. Mac Thornberry (R-Texas), as well as Rep. Jim Langevin (D-R.I.) and Rep. Elise Stefanik (R-N.Y.), was sent to the administration in February asking to view the memorandum. The administration has not allowed Congress to view the memorandum or acknowledged the request, said a committee spokesperson. As a result, the House is preparing to vote next week on an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act that would require the administration to share the classified document with Congress.

USA—Sexual Assault Allegations Could Stall Confirmation Of Nominee For Vice Chairman Of Joint Chiefs Defense One | 07/12/2019 The Pentagon's nominee for the military's second-most senior post has been cleared by Air Force investigators of sexual assault allegations, reports Defense One. The allegations against Air Force Gen. John Hyten, the commander of U.S. Strategic Command, were made in April after his nomination for the vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff post was made public, reported CNN. While the Air Force investigation concluded that there was insufficient evidence to support the allegations of misconduct, the accusations could threaten Hyten's Senate confirmation. The Air Force Office of Special Investigations (OSI) investigated nine incidents between February 2017 and February 2018, reported Defense News. The accusations by a junior officer included incidences of unwanted kissing and touching. The results of the investigation were reviewed by Gen. Mike Holmes, the head of Air Combat Command, as well as his legal team. They ultimately found insufficient evidence to recommend charges or administrative action. Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) and Sen. Tammy Duckworth (D-Ill.), both members of the Senate Armed Services Committee, wrote a letter to acting Defense Secretary Mark Esper on June 25 criticizing the Air Force's handling of the case. It is not clear if a Wednesday briefing on the results of the investigation alleviated the concerns raised in the letter.

USA—Navy Picks 3-Star For Top Post Defense News | 07/12/2019 In an unusual move, Navy Secretary Richard Spencer has decided to nominate a three-star admiral for the chief of naval operations job, reports Defense News. Vice Adm. Michael Gilday will be promoted to admiral before taking on his new duties. Current four-star admirals will remain in their posts. Gilday has been serving as director of the Joint Staff since March 1. A career surface warfare officer, he has previously led U.S. Fleet Cyber Command/U.S. 10th Fleet and Carrier Strike Group 8, reported Gilday will be the first three star to be nominated for the CNO position since Vice Adm. Elmo Zumwalt was nominated by President Nixon in 1970. The announcement comes after Adm. Bill Moran retired unexpectedly before he was to take over the top Navy post in August. Moran stepped down after Navy Secretary Spencer called his judgement into question for maintaining a professional relationship with a former naval officer who was accused of sexual assault, although never charged.

USA—HIMARS To Continue Training In Australia After Talisman Sabre Drills Stars And Stripes | 07/12/2019 U.S. High-Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARS) deployed to Australia for the ongoing Talisman Sabre exercise will remain for further training once the drill concludes, reports the Stars and Stripes. Three HIMARS launchers from the 12th Marine Regiment stationed in Okinawa are taking part in the month-long drills. On Monday, the Marines teamed with the U.S. and Australian air forces and Australian army to deploy the rocket launchers to an expeditionary air base, where they conducted a live-fire exercise in support of ground and amphibious forces, said Col. Mike Roach, the commander of 12th Marines. After the exercise, the launchers will move to Australia's Northern Territory and join the 2,500 Marines training there as part of Marine Rotational Force-Darwin, Roach said on Thursday. The deployment will enable HIMARS crews to take advantage of the large training areas in Australia in contrast to their limited facilities on Okinawa. The Talisman Sabre exercise began in early July and will conclude in early August.

USA—Venezuelan Military Counterintelligence Agency Hit With Sanctions After Death Of Navy Captain U.S. Treasury Dept. | 07/12/2019 The Treasury Dept. has sanctioned Venezuela's military counterintelligence branch following the death of a naval captain in its custody. On Thursday, Treasury announced sanctions against the Venezuelan General Directorate of Military Counterintelligence (DGCIM). The decision was taken following the June 29 death of Capt. Rafael Arevalo after eight days in DCGIM custody, said a departmental release. He had been accused of involvement in a plot to assassinate President Nicolas Maduro. In a public appearance the day before his death, Arevalo showed signs of physical abuse. An autopsy showed the cause of death to be trauma by a blunt object, reported Reuters. The U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Human Rights Watch and the Organization of American States have accused the DCGIM of torture, intimidation and other violations of human rights.

Lithuania—1st Vilka Infantry Fighting Vehicles Officially Handed Over Lithuanian Ministry Of Defense | 07/12/2019 The first two of 88 Vilka infantry fighting vehicles have been formally delivered to the Lithuanian armed forces, reports the Lithuanian Ministry of National Defense. The Vilka is a variant of the Dutch-German Boxer wheeled armored fighting vehicle. It is fitted with a 30-mm MK-44S cannon, Israeli remote weapon station and Spike LR anti-tank missiles. It is expected to be able to engage armored and unarmored targets at ranges up to 2.5 miles (4 km). A contract for 88 Vilkas was signed in 2016, with deliveries to be completed by 2021. The vehicles will replace aging M113 armored personnel carriers currently in service. The armored vehicles will be assigned to the Lithuanian Grand Duke Algirdas and Grand Duchess Birute Uhlan battalions, which are part of the Iron Wolf Mechanized Infantry Brigade. Lithuania is a member of the IFV Boxer Supply and Maintenance Program through the NATO Support and Procurement Agency along with Germany and the Netherlands. Through the program Lithuania will be able to use collective spare parts, central depots and repair depots to support its Vilkas, the ministry said.

China—Type 001A Carrier Yet To Meet Operational Requirements South China Morning Post | 07/12/2019 China's first domestically-built aircraft carrier is not expected to achieve its initial operational capability requirements before a major naval parade later this year, reports the South China Morning Post. The Type 001A carrier is unlikely to participate in the ceremony marking the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China on Oct. 1, military sources said. The carrier, a further development of China's first carrier, Liaoning, which was a former Soviet ship, has yet to achieve its initial operational requirements despite six rounds of sea trials and is not expected to do so by October, said sources. The Type 001A is more likely to reach the milestone by the end of the year and then be commissioned into service, said another source.

North Korea—Pro-Pyongyang Newspaper Calls For U.S. To Compromise To Reach Nuclear Deal Yonhap | 07/12/2019 A pro-North Korean newspaper in Japan says that the U.S. will need to produce a "fair" proposal if a nuclear agreement is to be reached, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). Pyongyang will take corresponding measures "if the U.S. takes genuine trust-building steps first," said the Choson Sinbo (Tokyo) on Friday. Washington should field a compromise proposal "based on the step-by-step and simultaneous principle," wrote the newspaper, which is run by an organization that has close ties to the North Korean government. If Pyongyang is willing to abandon nuclear weapons, Washington should respond in kind to reduce nuclear threats in the region. Talks between the two sides are expected to resume after a June 30 meeting between President Trump and North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un at the demilitarized zone that divides North and South Korea. Recent reports suggest that Washington might be willing to walk back its maximalist demands of complete disarmament and suspend sanctions on key goods if Pyongyang halts its nuclear weapons activities.

South Korea—Defense Ministry Rejects Alleged Efforts To Include Japan in U.N. Command Yonhap | 07/12/2019 The South Korean Defense Ministry has dismissed reports that the United Nations Command (UNC) is seeking to add Japan as an official member, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). In a statement Thursday, the ministry said that Japan was not entitled to official member status with the UNC. Unnamed sources have reported that the UNC is seeking to include Japan as a "sending state," which would permit Japan to send troops, equipment and other forms of support to the Korean peninsula in the event of a crisis. There are currently 16 sending states, in addition to the U.S. and South Korea, all of whom participated in the Korean War. Japan hosts several UNC rear bases that would support forces in the region in a conflict. The UNC has been engaged in revitalization efforts since 2014 to strengthen its capabilities through increased member state contributions and dedicated senior officials for the command. As part of this project, the command has been seeking to determine if additional countries might be interested in joining, UNC officials said. The defense ministry also opposes a U.S. plan to assign a German military liaison officer to the UNC, the news agency said. The United States reportedly failed to inform the South Korean government of the decision, which was only revealed during ministerial talks with Germany on the sidelines of the Shangri-La dialogue in May.

Thailand—ASEAN Defense Ministers Discuss S. China Sea, Boosting Cooperation In Bangkok Vietnam News Agency | 07/12/2019 Defense Ministers from the member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) have been meeting in Bangkok, the Thai capital, reports the Vietnam News Agency. The meeting, which began Wednesday and concludes on Friday, focused on South China Sea issues and military cooperation. In a statement released Thursday, the ministers announced that the Asian Defense Ministers' Meeting (ADMM) regional hotline would be extended to the ADMM-plus countries. These include the 10 ASEAN states along with Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Russia and the U.S., noted the Straits Times (Singapore). A joint declaration emphasized the need for full and effective implementation of a code of conduct in the South China Sea. China claims sovereignty over much of the region, which is disputed by Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan. Other items agreed to included terms of reference for the "Our Eyes" counterterrorism initiative; guidelines to prevent the escalation of incidences at sea; protocols for defense agencies supporting border security; and the creation of an ASEAN military medicine conference. During the talks, Vietnam affirmed its support for ASEAN efforts to combat illegal fishing in the region.

Singapore—Supporters Of Burmese Rebel Group Deported Straits Times | 07/12/2019 Six Burmese nationals have been arrested in Singapore for mobilizing support against their government, reports the Straits Times (Singapore). The six individuals arrested by the Singapore Ministry of Home Affairs are alleged to have supported the Arakan Army (AA), a group founded in April 2009 to fight for greater autonomy in Burma's western Rakhine and Chin states. The group has been designated as a terrorist organization by the Burmese government. According to a statement released by the ministry, the AA has conducted two large attacks targeting police stations since the start of the year, killing over 20 police officers and seizing large caches of weapons and ammunition. The group in Singapore reportedly provided regular financial support to the AA and mobilized the Burmese community in Singapore to support the group and its political wing, the United League of Arakan (ULA). The six men were deported and arrived at Yangon (Rangoon) International Airport on July 10.

Afghanistan—6 Killed In Blast Targeting Pro-Government Militia Chief TOLONews | 07/12/2019 At least six people have been killed and 14 injured in a suicide bombing at a wedding in eastern Afghanistan, reports the Tolo News (Afghanistan). On Friday, a 13-year-old boy set off his explosives at the home of a pro-government militia commander in the Pachir Aw Agam district of Nangarhar province, said a provincial spokesman cited by the Independent (U.K.). The wedding was for the nephew of a Public Uprising Forces commander. The nephew and commander were among those killed, reported Al Jazeera (Qatar). There were no immediate claims of responsibility. The Taliban denied involvement in the attack. The Islamic State has a strong presence in the region.

United Arab Emirates—Imagery Satellite Destroyed In Vega Rocket Launch Failure Space News | 07/12/2019 An Arianespace Vega rocket suffered a catastrophic failure during launch on Wednesday night, resulting in the loss of the satellite it was carrying for the United Arab Emirates, reports Space News. The satellite suffered a failure approximately 2 minutes into launch during the intended ignition of the Zefiro-23 solid-fuel second stage engine, said Arianespace officials. Vega is a light-lift four-stage launch vehicle with three solid-rocket motor stages and one liquid-fueled stage. It is designed to carry payloads of up to 3,300 pounds (1,500 kg) to low earth orbit. The rocket was carrying the 2,660-pound (1,200-kg) Falcon 1 imagery satellite built by Airbus Defence and Space and Thales Alenia Space for the U.A.E. The dual-purpose spacecraft was intended to provide imagery for commercial customers as well as the Emirati military. The satellite, which would have been the U.A.E.'s fourth reconnaissance spacecraft, was to have been placed in a 330-mile (611-km) sun-synchronous polar orbit. The satellite would have been capable of capturing imagery with a resolution of 27.5 inches (70 cm) across a 12.4-mile (20-km) field of view, according to the Gulf News (Dubai). This was the first failure of a Vega rocket across 15 launches.

Sudan—Military Council Says It Blocked Coup Attempt By Renegade Officers Sudan Tribune | 07/12/2019 The Sudanese Transitional Military Council (TMC) says it has foiled an attempted coup, reports the Sudan Tribune (Paris). Twelve army and National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) officers who plotted to overthrow the military council were arrested, a military spokesman said on Thursday. Four non-commissioned officers were also involved in the attempted coup, he said. Security forces were working to track down other personnel who might have been involved, said the spokesman, as reported by Agence France-Presse. The coup was intended to prevent the power-sharing deal with the opposition Alliance for Freedom and Change that was agreed to last week. Talks between the sides are scheduled to resume on Saturday to finalize details of the accord.

Colombia—4 Soldiers Killed In Ambush In Narino Province Colombia Reports | 07/12/2019 At least four Colombian soldiers have been killed in a militant ambush in the southwestern Narino province, reports Colombia Reports. The soldiers were attacked while on patrol in the Cumbitara municipality on Thursday evening, the military said. The attack was blamed on the United Pacific Guerrillas (GUP), a dissident FARC group that has resisted a peace plan, said a provincial spokesman. Reinforcements were dispatched from the provincial capital Pasto to investigate and maintain security. Violence has remained in the region despite a 2016 peace deal with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia. Multiple guerrilla and paramilitary groups are vying for control of lucrative drug-trafficking routes in the region.

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