Friday, July 19, 2019

TheList 5050

The List 5050 TGB

To All,

I hope that you all have a great weekend.



Today in Naval History

July 19

1812 The frigate, USS Constitution, under the command of Capt. Isaac Hull, escapes the British squadron on a three-day chase off the coast of New Jersey.

1918 During World War I, USS San Diego (Armored Cruiser No. 6) sinks off Fire Island, N.Y., by a mine placed by German submarine (U 156). The cruiser sinks in 28 minutes with the loss of six lives and is the only major warship lost by the U.S. in World War I.

1940 President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the second Naval Expansion Act.

1960 USS Ammen (DD 527) and USS Collett (DD 730) collide in the fog off California, killing 11 men and injuring 20 other shipmates.

1997 USS Seawolf (SSN 21) is commissioned at Electric Boat Shipyard in Groton, Conn.

July 20

1846 In the effort to negotiate a treaty with Japan, Commodore James Biddle arrives with the ship of the line, USS Columbus, and the sloop of war, USS Vincennes, at Edo (Yedo), Japan. These are the first U.S. warships to visit Japan.

1861 During the Civil War, the wooden screw gunboat, USS Albatross, commanded by Cmdr. G.A. Prentiss, recaptures the civilian schooner, Enchantress, off Hatteras Inlet. She is previously captured by the Confederate privateer, CSS Jefferson Davis, on July 6. Also on this date, the wooden screw steamship, USS Mount Vernon, commanded by Oliver S. Glisson, seizes the sloop, Wild Pigeon, on the Rappahannock River.

1942 Adm. William D. Leahy becomes Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief of the Army and the Navy, the precursor to the post of Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In Dec. 1944, Leahy is promoted to Fleet Admiral. Fleet Adm. Leahy also dies on this date in 1959.

1945 USS Threadfin (SS 410) sinks the Japanese minesweeper (W 39) northwest of Mokpo, Korea.

1960 In the first launch of the Polaris missile, USS George Washington (SSBN 598) successfully fires two operational Polaris missiles while submerged off Florida.

1969 Former Navy pilot Neil Armstrong is the first man to set foot on the moon, saying That's one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind." Armstrong is Commander of Apollo 11, which during its 8 day mission lands on the Sea of Tranquility. Michael Collins is the Command Module Pilot and Edwin Buzz E. Aldrin Jr., is the Lunar Module Pilot.

July 21

1905 USS Bennington (Gunboat #4) is wrecked by a boiler explosion at San Diego, Calif. One officer and 65 enlisted men die in the explosion, along with numerous crew injuries.

1918 During World War I, German submarine (U 156) surfaces and fires on U.S. tugboat, Perth Amboy, and four barges, three miles off Nauset Beach, Cape Cod, Mass.

1943 PBY aircraft (VP 94) sinks German submarine (U 662) off the mouth of Amazon River, Brazil.

1944 Task Force 53, (commanded by Rear Adm. Richard L. Connolly) lands the Third Marine Division and the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade, along with the U.S. Army 77th Infantry Division on Guam. The island is declared secure on Aug. 9 though bands of enemy Japanese are long encountered after VJ Day.

1946 In the first U.S. test of adaptability of jet aircraft to shipboard operations, an XFD 1 Phantom piloted by Lt. Cmdr. James Davidson makes landings and takeoffs without catapults from USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CVB 42).

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

• Multiple outlets report that USS Boxer downed an Iranian drone in the Strait of Hormuz yesterday after the drone came within close range of the ship

• President Donald Trump formally nominated Vice Adm. Mike Gilday to be the 32nd Chief of Naval Operations on July 17, reports USNI News.

• Iranian news media reported that the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps of Iran seized a foreign oil tanker that it said had been smuggling fuel.

Today in History July 19


The Catholic princes of Germany form the Dessau League to fight against the Reformation.


King Henry VIII of England watches his flagship, Mary Rose, capsize as it leaves to battle the French.


Prices plunge on the Paris stock market.


The Rosetta Stone, a tablet with hieroglyphic translations into Greek, is found in Egypt.


The first Women's Rights Convention convenes in Seneca Falls, N.Y, organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.


France declares war on Prussia.


German U-boats are withdrawn from positions off the U.S. Atlantic coast due to American anti-submarine countermeasures.


More than 150 B-17 and 112 B-24 bombers attack Rome for the first time.


Apollo and Soyuz spacecrafts dock in orbit.


Rosetta Stone found


18 July 1942 The German Messerschmitt ME-262 jet fighter takes flight for the first time

19 July 1943 Despite the concerns of Catholic air crews the USAAF bombs Rome for the first time


Here it is on You Tube: .

Very impressive!


I never saw anything about this in the news. I'll be looking for it tonight.

Last night they projected a giant video image of the Saturn 5 rocket from Apollo 11 on the side of the Washington Monument. They are going to shoot it off on Friday night and on Saturday night, which is why I am sending this out today. The pictures do not do it justice; it is really in sharp focus on the monument and kind of gives you goose bumps looking at it!!


From my Al Krause archives. Fitting for today.

Some morning Humor from Al

Today is the 48th Tomorrow is the 50th anniversary of the USA landing on the moon.

"I read the other day where some scientist thinks it's possible to put a man on the moon by the end of the century. They even have some fellows they call astronauts preparing for it down in Texas."—Comment made in 1957

Trivia: What was the first word spoken from the moon, 45 years ago on July 20, 1969?

Neil Armstrong used to tell unfunny jokes about the moon...and follow them up with, "Ah, I guess you had to be there."

Did you ever notice that if you rearrange the letters in ASTRONOMER, you can get MOON STARER.

How is it that we put man on the moon before we figured out it would be a good idea to put wheels on luggage?

Some test answers on the moon by young scholars on their science test:
"The moon is a planet just like the earth, only it is even deader."
"The tides are a fight between the Earth and moon. All water tends towards the moon, because there is no water in the moon, and nature abhors a vacuum. I forget where the sun joins in this fight."

Submitted by Kelly Dodson:

Young people of today are our future, but they don't have a clue do they? It's a different world today.
A college student at a recent football game challenged a senior citizen sitting next to him, saying it was impossible for their generation to understand his.
"You grew up in a different world," the student said loud enough for the whole crowd to hear. "Today we have television, jet planes, space travel, man has walked on the moon, our spaceships have visited Mars, we even have nuclear energy, electric and hydrogen cars, computers with light-speed processing, and, ugh ..."
Taking advantage of a pause in the student's litany, the geezer said, "You are right. We didn't have those things when we were young; so we invented them, you little doofus! Now what the heck are you doing for the next generation??"

Submitted by Chuck Kincade:

When NASA was preparing for the Apollo Project, it took the astronauts to a Navajo reservation in Arizona for training. One day, a Navajo elder and his son came across the space crew walking among the rocks. The elder, who spoke only Navajo, asked a question. His son translated for the NASA people: "What are these guys in the big suits doing?"
One of the astronauts said that they were practicing for a trip to the moon. When his son relayed this comment the Navajo elder got all excited and asked if it would be possible to give to the astronauts a sacred message to deliver to the moon.
Recognizing a promotional opportunity when he saw one, a NASA official accompanying the astronauts said, "Why certainly!" and told an underling to get a tape recorder.
The Navajo elder's comments into the microphone were brief.
The NASA official asked the son if he would translate what his father had said.
The son listened to the recording and laughed uproariously. But he refused to translate.
So the NASA people took the tape to a nearby Navajo village and played it for other members of the tribe. They too laughed long and loudly but also refused to translate the elder's sacred message to the moon.
Finally, an official government translator was summoned. After he finally stopped laughing the translator relayed the message: "Watch out for these pale faces. They have come to steal your land."

The night of the moon landing, two blondes in Las Vegas were sitting on a bench talking...and one blonde says to the other, "Which do you think is farther away...Florida or the moon?"
The other blonde turns and says "Hellooooooo, can you see Florida?"

After the Americans went to the moon, the Soviets announced that they would be sending a man to the sun.
The engineers objected. "If you send a man to the sun, he will burn up!"
"What do you think I am, stupid?" he replied. "We'll send him at night!"

Did you hear that in 1999, NASA wanted to study the effects of the moon on an aging individual, so they decided to resend Neil Armstrong.
Unfortunately, they canceled this because they were afraid the first words from the moon in 30 years would be: "Houston? I have fallen, and I can't get up."

If any of these jokes offended you, I Apollo-gize. Have a great week,


This may keep you out of the ocean for a couple months


The history of the USS Indianapolis in the URL below is worth the read. Most folks never remembered or knew about it until the bit in the Movie "Jaws" see below

Director Cox and Dr. Hulver joined the survivors and families of USS Indianapolis (CA-35) at the Columbia Club of Indianapolis. Learn what they had to say to the group ( The Sinking of USS Indianapolis is also this week's Webpage of the Week (

Jaws (1975) - The Indianapolis Speech Scene (7/10 ...

Click to view on Bing


May 28, 2011 · Jaws (1975) - The Indianapolis Speech Scene (7/10) | Movieclips ... Edgar Harrell, USS Indianapolis Survivor - Duration: 13:46. Jeff Shrader 159,310 views.

Author: Movieclips

Views: 2M

The Indianapolis Speech By Robert Shaw In Jaws (1975 ...

Robert Shaw is probably the main reason for Jaws being one of my favourite films of all time, mainly of course for a scene that is three and half minutes of near-perfection.

Robert Shaw was the Nasty villain who had the great fight scene on the train in the James Bond movie from Russia with Love


The book "Tinian"was a great read and was acknowledged as the best run invasion of the Island campaign….skip

Battle of Tinian - Wikipedia

The Battle of Tinian was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Tinian in the Mariana Islands from 24 July until 1 August 1944. The 9,000-man Japanese garrison was eliminated, and the island joined Saipan and Guam as a base for the Twentieth Air Force.

Location: Tinian, Mariana Islands

Result: American victory

Date: 24 July – 1 August 1944

Background ·

Battle ·



Thinks to John …and Dr. Rich The Long Ranger and Tonto

A 'smokin' tribute to Clayton Moore and Jay Silverheels ..

This will put a smile on your face, and a lump in 

 your throat … what a great guy we lost too 



A few giggles from Micro

I got invited to a party and was told to dress to kill.

Apparently a turban, beard and a backpack wasn't what they had in mind.

After a night of drink, drugs and wild sex, Jim woke up to find himself next to a really ugly woman. That's when he realized he had made it home safely.

Seven wheelchair athletes have been banned from the Paralympics after they tested positive for WD40.


And with tears streaming down my face I swore I'd never visit another Thai Brothel!

A boy asks his granny, 'Have you seen my pills, they were labeled LSD?'

Granny replies, "Forget the pills, have you seen the dragons in the kitchen?"

Wife gets naked and asks hubby, 'What turns you on more, my pretty face or my sexy body?'

Hubby looks her up and down and replies, 'Your sense of humor!'

I spent a couple of hours defrosting the fridge last night, or "foreplay" as my wife likes to call it.

After both suffering from depression for a while, me and the wife were going to commit suicide yesterday.

But strangely enough, once she killed herself, I started to feel a lot better. So I thought, "Screw it, soldier on!"

I woke up this morning at 8, and could sense something was wrong.

I got downstairs and found the wife face down on the kitchen floor, not breathing.

I panicked. I didn't know what to do.

Then I remembered McDonald's serves breakfast till 11:30am.

The other night, my wife asked me how many women I'd slept with.

I told her, "Only you. All the others kept me awake all night!"

My missus packed my bags, and as I walked out the front door, she screamed,

"I wish you a slow and painful death, you bastard!"
"Oh," I replied, "so now you want me to stay!"

The wife's back on the warpath again.
She was up for making a sex movie last night, and all I did was suggest we should hold auditions for her part.

It's always darkest before dawn. So if you're going to steal your neighbor's newspaper, that's the time to do it.


Some news from around the world 19 July

USA—USS Boxer Downs Iranian Drone In International Waters USNI News | 07/19/2019 President Donald Trump says a U.S. amphibious assault ship brought down an Iranian drone in the Strait of Hormuz, reports USNI News. The USS Boxer was transiting the strait when it was approached by air vehicle that threatened the safety of the ship and her crew, coming within 1,000 yards (915 m), Trump said Thursday. The drone was downed after ignoring multiple calls to stand down transmitted by the Boxer, reported CNN. Pentagon officials confirmed that the incident occurred in international waters. The Boxer used the Light Marine Air Defense Integrated System (LMADIS) to jam and down the aircraft, reported LMADIS is a maneuverable system installed on the MRZR family of all terrain vehicles. It uses radar and cameras to identify friendly and hostile objects and, if necessary, down them with radio frequencies, reported C4ISR. Iranian officials denied reports that they had lost any drones. All Iranian unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are accounted for and no interactions were reported with U.S. vessels, said Iranian military spokesman Brig. Gen. Abolfazl Shekarchi, as reported by the Islamic Republic News Agency. Separately, a Pentagon official told Reuters that a planned maritime proposal to ensure security in the region would focus on surveillance and awareness, not military confrontation. "We want to provide a framework of information sharing, so that if countries want to escort their vessels, we can help them do it," said Kathryn Wheelbarger.

USA—Future Helicopter Program Passes Critical Review Defense News | 07/19/2019 The Army's Future Long-Range Assault Aircraft (FLRAA) program has passed a critical review, reports Defense News. The FLRAA's draft Capabilities Development Document (CDD) was approved by the Army Requirements Oversight Council (AROC) last week, said Brig. Gen. Wally Rugen, the panel's commander. The FLRAA program aims to acquire two helicopter platform to replace the services UH-60s, AH-64s and fill the capability gap left with the retirement of the OH-58 Kiowa Warrior in 2014. It is one of six priorities given to the Army's Futures Command, which stood up in July 2018 to streamline the acquisitions process for critical systems. The program is the third highest modernization priority for the Army, behind Long-Range Precision Fires and the Next-Generation Combat Vehicle. Given the recent FLRAA progress and the success of the Joint Multi-Role Technology Demonstrator, which is prototyping technology for FLRAA, the potential exists for a "multiyear acceleration" of the program, said Rugen.

USA—Raytheon Submits Proposal For New Patriot Radar Raytheon | 07/19/2019 Raytheon has submitted its proposal for the Army's Lower Tier Air and Missile Defense Sensor (LTAMDS) competition, reports the manufacturer. Raytheon's radar is a simultaneous 360-degree active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar. The radar is constructed with gallium-nitride to increase signal and enhance sensor sensitivity, said the manufacturer. Raytheon partnered with Crane Aerospace and Electronics, Cummings Aerospace, IERUS Technologies, Kord Technologies, Mercury Systems and nLogic to put together the proposal. LTAMDS is intended to procure a replacement radar for the Patriot air-defense system, with 360-degree sensor coverage, noted Defense News. The Patriot's current radar was fielded in the 1980's and is limited to a 120-degree field of view. Raytheon, Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin demonstrated the capabilities of their LTAMDS radars during a sense-off at White Sands Missile Range in May. The Army is now looking to select a single manufacturer to build six prototypes by the end of fiscal 2022, followed by a contract for a further 16 radars.

United Kingdom—2nd F-35 Stealth Fighter Squadron Arrives Royal Air Force | 07/19/2019 The Royal Air Force's (RAF) second F-35 fighter jet squadron has arrived in the U.K. from the U.S., reports the service. Six F-35s flew from Marine Corps Air Station (MCAS) Beaufort to RAF Marham in a 10-hour long flight, bringing the total number of F-35s in country to 18. The aircraft were at MCAS Beaufort to enable RAF and Royal Navy personnel to train with their Marine Corps counterparts. The aircraft will be operated by the 207th Squadron, which now has all of its aircraft in the U.K. The squadron will formally stand up on Aug. 1. With the introduction of the squadron, all U.K. F-35 training will officially occur within the country.

United Kingdom—Ministry Of Defense Looks To Join Hypersonics Club Defense News | 07/19/2019 U.K. Ministry of Defense is partnering with Rolls-Royce, BAE and Reaction Engines to develop hypersonic weapon and propulsion systems over the next two years, reports Defense News. Senior military officials announced the efforts during the Air and Space Conference in London, which began on Wednesday. The three companies were awarded a 10 million pound (US$12.4 million), two-year contract to undertake design studies, research, development, analysis and experimentation relating to high-Mach advanced propulsion systems, Rolls-Royce said in a release. BAE Systems and Rolls-Royce both have both taken a stake in Reaction Engines, which has developed advanced pre-cooler technology to enable turbine engine operations at high mach. A heat-exchanger prototype passed a significant milestone earlier this year and the company expects that the engine can achieve speeds of mach 5, or hypersonic speed. According to Air Chief Marshal Sir Stephen Hiller, such technology is being considered for application on the Eurofighter Typhoon's engines and for the future Project Tempest aircraft. According to senior Royal Air Force officials, hypersonic weapons are being developed in part to enable fourth-generation fighters to maintain their edge and overcome advanced air defenses.

Netherlands—Court Says Dutch Peacekeepers 10 Percent Responsible For 350 Deaths At Srebrenica Dutch News | 07/19/2019 The Dutch supreme court has upheld a ruling that found Dutch peacekeepers partially liable for deaths of 350 people during the 1995 massacre in the Bosnian village of Srebrenica, reports the Dutch News. On Friday, the Hague-based court found that the Netherlands bore 10 percent of the responsibility for the deaths of 350 men and boys during the Srebrenica massacre. Dutch peacekeepers expelled them from a safe area after being surrounded by Serbian forces led by Ratko Mladic. The court said that the deceased would have only had a 10 percent chance of survival if they had not been forced to leave Srebrenica, which had been declared a safe area under the protection of 400 lightly-armed peacekeepers from the Dutch battalion (Dutchbat). The ruling upheld an appeals court decision from 2017 but lowered the responsibility from 30 percent. In November 2017, Mladic was convicted by a U.N. tribunal on several counts for his role in the massacre, which killed a total of 8,000 men and boys.

Russia—Rostec Willing To Sell Ankara Su-35 After Its Removal From F-35 Program Tass | 07/19/2019 Russia says it is ready to sell Turkey Su-35 fighter jets after Ankara was removed from the F-35 program over its purchase of a Russian air defense system, reports the Tass news agency (Moscow). If Turkey is interested in the Su-35, then Rostec is ready to supply it, Sergei Chemezov, the head of the state arms corporation, said on Thursday. On Wednesday, the U.S. State Dept. said that turkey would be removed from the F-35 production chain by March 2020 and barred from taking delivery of the jets due to its purchase of the S-400 air defense system. Turkey had planned on acquiring more than 100 F-35s. U.S. officials believe that operating the Russian air defense system alongside the F-35 could expose the stealthy jet's secrets. Deliveries of the S-400 to Turkey began on July 12. Turkish officials have said the system could be operational as soon as October.

Japan—Final Aegis Destroyer Launched Asahi Shimbun | 07/19/2019 The Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force's (JMSDF) latest Aegis-equipped destroyer has been launched, reports the Asahi Shimbun(Tokyo). The Haguro was launched on Wednesday at Yokohama Works Shishi Plant, according to a release by Japan Marine United Co. The final of eight planned warships with the Aegis combat system, the Haguro is the second Maya-class vessel, which itself is an improved variant of the Atago class. The Japanese cabinet laid out the initial requirement for eight destroyers to provide ballistic missile defense in the fiscal 2013 defense program. The class is equipped with the Aegis Baseline J7 combat system supported by the AN/SPY-1C radar and can fire Evolved Sea-Sparrow Missiles as well as SM-2, SM-6 and SM-3 Block IIA air defense missiles. Maya-class vessels use a combined gas turbine electric and gas turbine (COGLAG) hybrid propulsion system intended to improve fuel efficiency. The vessel cost a total of 173.4 billion yen (US1.6 billion) and is scheduled to go into service in March 2021.

Singapore—Air Force Looks To Divest Aging Tankers Defense News | 07/19/2019 Singapore is looking at various options to divest its aging KC-135R tankers, reports Defense News. Singapore is currently replacing its four 1960s era tankers with six A330 multi-role transport tankers (MRTT) from Airbus, which were ordered in 2014. The aircraft reportedly stopped flying in late June, and a retirement ceremony was held earlier this month. However, any disposal plans will require the approval of the United States, given that the tankers were built there. The four tankers were formerly in service with the U.S. Air Force. Singapore purchased the KC-135As, which had been retired to the U.S. Air Force's boneyard in Arizona, in the mid-1990s. The aircraft were modernized to the KC-135R standard, with new engines, avionics and a glass cockpit, before entering Singaporean service in 1999. Unnamed sources stated that one country had expressed interest in purchasing the aircraft.

Afghanistan—Blast At University Kills 8 TOLONews | 07/19/2019 At least eight people have been killed in an explosion at Kabul University, reports the Tolo News (Afghanistan). The explosion struck Friday morning as students were waiting to begin an exam, said witnesses. Police said that a magnetic improvised explosive device (IED) was used in the attack. Eight people were killed and 33 wounded, said the health ministry. There were no immediate claims of responsibility.

Afghanistan—Elite Afghan Commandos Take Heavy Casualties In Failed Raid Khaama Press | 07/19/2019 Taliban forces reportedly killed at least 18 Afghan special operations personnel during a raid in the northwest Baghdis province, reports the Khaama Press news agency. On Monday night, troops were airdropped near a suspected Taliban hideout in the Ab Kamari district to arrest a Taliban district leader, according to provincial officials quoted by Reuters. Taliban fighters surrounded the troops and fierce fighting ensued. At least 18 members of an elite Afghan commando unit were killed and 11 were captured in the clash, said a provincial council member in Badghis. Ten were missing. Afghan troops killed 19 Taliban fighters and wounded 20, said a former member of parliament in the area. The Taliban claimed to have killed 39 soldiers and captured 16 after receiving a tip about the raid, the group said in a statement.

Iran—Tehran Proposes Immediate Ratification Of Additional Protocol Guardian | 07/19/2019 Iran has offered to make permanent an inspections regime in a bid to defuse tensions with the U.S., reports the Guardian (U.K.). On Friday, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif proposed accelerating the ratification of a measure that would allow International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors expansive access to Iranian facilities. As part of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, Tehran says it already abides by those principles, known as the Additional Protocol. But ratifying them would make the inspections regime more permanent, said Zarif. In return, the U.S. would have to lift new sanctions placed on Iran since President Trump since withdrawing the U.S. from the deal in May 2018, said the minister. The U.S. has laid out 12 expansive conditions, which go beyond its nuclear program to include its involvement in regional conflicts, before Washington would ease sanctions. The proposal is unlikely to be accepted by Washington but could prove to be a useful segue to a new round of talks with the U.S., said analysts.

Nigeria—Anti-Banditry Operation Declared Major Success Daily Trust | 07/19/2019 A year-long operation in three states of Nigeria's North Central region has successfully reduced violent activity, reports the Daily Trust(Nigeria). Since Operation Whirlstroke began in May 2018, troops have killed 145 bandits, arrested 223 suspects and recovered 3,683 weapons, said Maj. Gen. Adeyemi Yekini, commander of Operation Whirlstroke. Bandit is a sometimes loosely-defined term that can denote kidnappers, robbers and other kinds of violent criminals. Among those arrested was Terwase Akwaza, suspected of involvement in deadly clashes between herders and farmers, reported the Punch (Nigeria). As a result, violence and crime in Nasarawa, Benue and Taraba states had been greatly reduced, said the general. The army would continue to monitor the situation, he said. Clashes between herders and farmers, largely over grazing rights, have killed at least 3,600 people, according to a December 2018 report by Amnesty International.

Nigeria—Six Soldiers Slain Boko Haram Ambush Agence France-Presse | 07/19/2019 At least six Nigerian soldiers have been killed in an ambush in northeastern Nigeria's Borno state, reports Agence France-Presse. On Wednesday, militants opened fire on a patrol vehicle in Jakana, which is 25 miles (40 km) west of the state capital, Maiduguri, and home to a military base, according to two military sources. All six personnel onboard, including a colonel, were killed and the vehicle destroyed, said the sources. The troops were headed to Damaturu, the capital of neighboring Yobe state. Shortly afterwards, the group attacked the nearby base using truck-mounted machine guns. Soldiers successfully repelled the attack. At least three civilians were wounded in the exchange, one of whom later died. The attack was blamed on the faction of Boko Haram led by Abu Musab al-Barnawi, which is often referred to as Islamic State West Africa Province.

Argentina—Buenos Aires Freezes Hezbollah Assets British Broadcasting Corp. | 07/19/2019 Argentina has frozen Hezbollah assets in the country, a move tantamount to declaring it a terrorist organization, reports BBC News. Hezbollah represents threat to Argentina's security and economic and financial wellbeing, the Financial Information Unit said in a statement on Thursday. The designation follows the decision in July 2018 to freeze the assets of 14 members of the Barakat Clan, an extended family and criminal organization with close ties to Hezbollah, reported Reuters. The announcement coincided with the 25th anniversary of the bombing of the AMIA Jewish cultural center in Buenos Aires, which killed 85 people and was blamed on the Lebanese militant group. Hezbollah is believed to operate a sophisticated smuggling network in the tri-border region of Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil. However, the impact of the freeze on Hezbollah's assets in Argentina will likely be insignificant, according to experts. Israel, the United Kingdom, the United States and several countries in the Arabian peninsula consider Hezbollah a terrorist organization. Argentina is the first country in Latin America to do so.

Argentina—Buenos Aires Freezes Hezbollah Assets British Broadcasting Corp. | 07/19/2019 Argentina has frozen Hezbollah assets in the country, a move tantamount to declaring it a terrorist organization, reports BBC News. Hezbollah represents threat to Argentina's security and economic and financial wellbeing, the Financial Information Unit said in a statement on Thursday. The designation follows the decision in July 2018 to freeze the assets of 14 members of the Barakat Clan, an extended family and criminal organization with close ties to Hezbollah, reported Reuters. The announcement coincided with the 25th anniversary of the bombing of the AMIA Jewish cultural center in Buenos Aires, which killed 85 people and was blamed on the Lebanese militant group. Hezbollah is believed to operate a sophisticated smuggling network in the tri-border region of Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil. However, the impact of the freeze on Hezbollah's assets in Argentina will likely be insignificant, according to experts. Israel, the United Kingdom, the United States and several countries in the Arabian peninsula consider Hezbollah a terrorist organization. Argentina is the first country in Latin America to do so.

Colombia—With Eye To Caracas, Washington Offering F-16s To Bogota Foreign Policy | 07/19/2019 Washington is considering allowing Colombia to acquire F-16 fighter jets to prevent instability in Venezuela from spilling over, reports Foreign Policy. The Air Force is offering to sell up 15 of the most modern F-16s to Colombia, said Maj. Gen. Andrew Croft, the commander of Air Forces Southern. He did not indicate the exact configuration. The latest F-16 variant is the F-16V, which features an active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar; an upgraded mission computer; and cockpit improvements. Bogota is also mulling offers for the Saab Gripen, Eurofighter Typhoon and older surplus F-16s from Israel. The sale would enhance the security of a U.S. partner and improve interoperability with U.S. forces, Croft said on a recent trip to Colombia, where he met Colombian military officials. Washington is concerned that a worsening political and humanitarian situation could destabilize Colombia, which is still recovering from a 50-year conflict with FARC rebels, and the wider region. At least 4 million Venezuelans have fled skyrocketing inflation and increasing authoritarianism, according to U.N. estimates. The U.S. is also concerned about Russia and China's increasing economic investment, military sales and disinformation campaigns in the region.

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