Friday, June 28, 2019

TheList 5034



The List 5034 TGB

I hope that you all have a great weekend.

Regards,

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Today in Naval History

June 28

1814

The sloop of war USS Wasp commanded by Johnston Blakeley, comes across HMS Reindeer, commanded by William Manners, off Plymouth, England, and engages in battle. After the 19-minute battle, USS Wasp captures HMS Reindeer, taking her crew as prisoners, and burn her at sea.

1869

The Navy's first surgeon-general William M. Wood is appointed, and serves until Oct. 25, 1871.

1914

Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria is assassinated at Sarajevo, Bosnia. This act eventually leads to World War I.

1919

The Versailles Peace Treaty is signed, which ends World War I.

1943

USS Peto (SS 265) and USS Tunny (SS 282) sink Japanese hydrographic-meteorological research ship Tenkai No.2 northeast of Mussau Island and a gunboat Shotoku Maru off the west coast of Rota, Mariana Islands.



Today in Naval History

June 29



1860

The steamer USS Mystic, commanded by William E. LeRoy, captures the slaver, Thomas Achorn at Kabenda, Africa and sends her to New York.

1862

During the Civil War, the steam sloop USS Susquehanna, commanded by Cmdr. R.B. Hitchcock, captures the blockade-running British steamer HMS Anna near Mobile, Ala.

1871

Capt. Charles F. Hall's arctic expedition sails from New York on USS Polaris. Aiming for the North Pole, USS Polaris reaches 82X 11 N, 61X W. latitude, then the furthest point north reached by a vessel.

1950

USS Juneau (CLAA 119) and USS De Haven (DD 727) fire the first naval shore bombardment of the Korean War in the vicinity of Samchock, Korea.



Today in Naval History

June 30



1815

In the last naval action of the War of 1812, the sloop of war, USS Peacock, commanded by Capt. Lewis Warrington, comes across the British cruiser HMS Nautilus in the Straits of Sunda. The cruiser's crew informed Capt. Warrington of the Treaty of Ghent. Suspicious, he wants Nautilus to strike colors. Refusing to do so, Peacock broadsides her, killing or wounding 15. Boarding the vessel, Capt. Warrington discovers the treaty is true and releases HMS Nautilus and repairs the ship.

1942

USS Plunger (SS 179) sinks Japanese freighter No.5 Unkai Maru off the China coast near Shanghai.

1943

In Operation Toenails, Task Force 31, commanded by Rear Adm. Richmond K. Turner, lands the New Georgian Occupation Force, consisting of the U.S. Armys 172nd Infantry, 43rd Division on Rendova Island. Task Force 31 is supported by land-based aircraft and destroyer gunfire. The troops land without opposition.

1945

USS Baya (SS 318) and attack the Japanese Makassar to Surab
USS Capitaine (SS 336) aya convoy MASU 705 and engage escorting submarine (Ch 5) and later sink cargo vessel Bandai Maru.

1951

A group of stranded Japanese soldiers who refuse to believe World War II ended in 1945, surrender to Lt. Cmdr. James B. Johnson, USS Cocopa (ATF 101) on Anatahan Island in the northern Marianas.



Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:
• Leading today's national headlines are reports and analysis on a second round of debates of Democratic presidential candidates.
• The Wall Street Journal reports on an emerging U.S. plan for deterring attacks on tankers. The plan calls for ships from Arab, Asian and other nations to stand watch in the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman.
• USNS Comfort arrived in Ecuador Wednesday to provide medical care to Venezuelan refugees, according to the Virginian-Pilot.
• The Washington Post reports the Senate passed a $750 billion defense bill Thursday. Senate votes today on including language that would prohibit the President from engaging militarily with Iran without congressional approval.





Today in History June 28



1635

The French colony of Guadeloupe is established in the Caribbean.


1675

Frederick William of Brandenburg crushes the Swedes.


1709

Russians defeat the Swedes and Cossacks at the Battle of Poltava.


1776

Colonists repulse a British sea attack on Charleston, South Carolina.


1778

Mary "Molly Pitcher" Hays McCauley, wife of an American artilleryman, carries water to the soldiers during the Battle of Monmouth.


1839

Cinque and other Africans are kidnapped and sold into slavery in Cuba.


1862

Fighting continues between Union and Confederate forces during the Seven Days' campaign.


1863

General George Meade replaces General Joseph Hooker three days before the Battle of Gettysburg.


1874

The Freedmen's Bank, created to assist former slaves in the United States, closes. Customers of the bank lose $3 million.


1884

Congress declares Labor Day a legal holiday.


1902

Congress passes the Spooner bill, authorizing a canal to be built across the Isthmus of Panama.


1911

Samuel J. Battle becomes the first African-American policeman in New York City.


1914

Austria's Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated at Sarajevo, Serbia.


1919

Germany signs the Treaty of Versailles under protest.


1921

A coal strike in Britain is settled after three months.


1930

More than 1,000 communists are routed during an assault on the British consulate in London.


1938

Congress creates the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) to insure construction loans.


1942

German troops launch an offensive to seize Soviet oil fields in the Caucasus and the city of Stalingrad.


1945

General Douglas MacArthur announces the end of Japanese resistance in the Philippines.


1949

The last U.S. combat troops are called home from Korea, leaving only 500 advisers.


1950

General Douglas MacArthur arrives in South Korea as Seoul falls to the North.


1954

French troops begin to pull out of Vietnam's Tonkin province.


1964

Malcolm X founds the Organization for Afro-American Unity to seek independence for blacks in the Western Hemisphere.


1967

14 people are shot during race riots in Buffalo, New York.


1970

Muhammad Ali [Cassius Clay] stands before the Supreme Court regarding his refusal of induction into the U.S. Army during the Vietnam War.


1971

The Supreme Court overturns the draft evasion conviction of Muhammad Ali.


1972

Richard Nixon announces that no new draftees will be sent to Vietnam.


1976

The first women enter the U.S. Air Force Academy.





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Thanks to Carl….A combat nap is a great way to get a burst of energy

(OOPS, my secret routine is revealed!)



https://hotair.com/archives/2019/06/27/naps-are-good-for-you-helathy-habit/


FANtastic News: Naps Make You Smarter, Nicer

ANDREW MALCOLMPosted at 2:41 pm on June 27, 2019

Finally, a scientific explanation for how some of us of a certain age have gotten so much smarter than others over the years.





Naps.





Some wise cultures around the world with high noontime temperatures have midday breaks for a whole hour or two called siestas, which is Spanish for "four commutes a day."

When many Americans were younger, naps were punishment or an enforced rest to allow a presiding adult to grab some ZZZ's too. Decades later, naps have become like delightful little vacations.

Now, it turns out, naps are not only restorative, especially if you haven't slept well at night. But they also improve mood (check), physical performance (meh), even the ability to learn (check) and enhanced memory (can't remember).

This all sounds so good that it might not be totally true. But we're going with select health literature that says it is.

Most Americans employers have this crazy notion that they're paying to work, not sleep. So, you're supposed to power through those dozey times after lunch when the eyelids have a lazy mind of their own.

Unfortunately, studies have shown that short naps like 10 minutes are the best for maximum benefit and least wake-up fog. Some of us do not mind such half-awake moments. They remind of a Saturday morning which by the way is now only two days away.

One study a few years ago found:

The benefits of brief (5-15 min) naps are almost immediate after the nap and last a limited period (1-3h).

Longer naps (> 30 min) can produce impairment from sleep inertia for a short period after waking but then produce improved cognitive performance for a longer period (up to many hours).

The time of day that seems to produce the most benefits is early afternoons.

And another key factor is that nap benefits increase most when they become regular events, as in a habit at roughly the same time of day. The body gets into its own rest rhythm.

That means that you won't get much benefit from a snooze during tonight's second two-hour Democratic primary debate. Other than not having to listen.

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Thanks to Chuck

AMAZING!!! Tunnel of Eupalinos in Samos, Greece; a technical miracle of the 6th century B.C. – Novo Scriptorium

An engineering marvel.



https://novoscriptorium.com/2019/06/26/tunnel-of-eupalinos-in-samos-greece-a-technical-miracle-of-the-6th-century-b-c/?fbclid=IwAR31W3aj8vBS6U7ODoNA7Qbqco-cjvZEImq7SEaNnKYG1Qda-Y7iq7VWOH0



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Thanks to Dr. Rich for forwarding
Thanks to Billy ...
A wedding ring in a muddy pond

By: Thomas R. Messick, Vietnam Magazine   14 hours ago

68


Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs)

The inscription on the white marble headstone of Lt. Cmdr. Frederick Peter Crosby, whose remains were buried in Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery in San Diego on Memorial Day weekend in 2017, reads simply: "NOW HE IS HOME."

Crosby was home 52 years after being shot down over North Vietnam and listed as dead but also considered missing in action because his remains had not been recovered.

On a beautiful Sunday morning along the rolling hillside of Fort Rosecrans overlooking San Diego Bay, Crosby was given a funeral with full military honors attended by no less than 300 people. Many were friends who came to support the family, but others were paying their respects to a decorated Navy pilot killed while serving his country.

Following an emotional 40-minute ceremony that included a nerve-shattering three-volley gun salute from seven Navy riflemen, four Super Hornet fighter jets in perfect formation executed the missing man flight honoring a fallen aviator. Crosby's headstone will be among the thousands of white marble monuments precisely aligned in a cemetery groomed to perfection.


The aircraft carrier Bon Homme Richard underway in 1965. (U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command)

On June 1, 1965, Crosby and his wingman had taken off from the aircraft carrier Bon Homme Richard 
 
 
 
 
and were flying unarmed RF-8A Crusader reconnaissance planes on a dangerous photo mission over North Vietnam, made even more dangerous because of low clouds and poor visibility.

On a low approach to photograph an important bridge about 20 miles south of Hanoi, ground fire erupted, and soon Crosby's stricken jet crashed at high speed into a small fish pond. His wingman survived the mission.

Crosby was 31. He and his wife, Mary, had been married for 10 years. They had four children — Douglas, age 8;Deborah, 6; Steven, 4; and John, 2.

The lieutenant commander was also survived by an older brother, David, and a sister, Sharon. Crosby's wife and children lived in the San Diego area during the pilot's deployment at sea.

Douglas, Steven and John still live there.

Vietnamese workers perform excavation operations as part of a Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency recovery mission in Thanh Hoa, Vietnam, in 2015. (Navy)

Frederick Peter Crosby was born June 15, 1933, the son of Lowell and Dena Crosby of Lockport, New York. An avid model airplane builder and aviation enthusiast, he wanted to be a pilot someday, most particularly a Navy pilot. He attended the University of Florida in Gainesville but left when he was accepted into the Navy's flight training program. He later received a degree in naval science.

The Crosby family — like the families of many Americans whose loved ones were missing after the war ended— had a long journey to endure before they could lay their hero to rest.

First, the remains had to be found. American search teams have been allowed in Vietnam only since 1988 and conduct joint searches with Vietnamese counterparts, but access to some sites has been restricted. Even with Vietnamese cooperation, plenty of difficulties confront recovery efforts. The investigators don't have unlimited funds and often know only the general coordinates of crash sites, which might not look like they did during the war years.

Nevertheless, Deborah Crosby refused to accept the near impossible and pursued the quest for her father's remains with dogged research and untiring efforts. Investigators from the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency, housed within the Department of Defense, were also in pursuit of Crosby's remains. They made multiple trips to the suspected location of the crash.

The area was covered in vegetation, and the wreckage had been removed many years earlier. The team from the Department of Defense, however, had the good fortune of meeting an 89-year-old farmer who was so close to the crash that he was splashed with mud and water when the plane plunged into the pond.

The searchers used buckets to empty the pond and spent days sifting through mud and slime before finding Crosby's wedding ring and cigarette lighter.
 Greatly encouraged, the searchers continued until they uncovered several bone fragments, mainly from one of Crosby's hip bones. That was enough, and after DNA testing at a Defense Department lab in Hawaii, using sister Sharon's DNA, a positive identification was made.

Vietnamese workers perform excavation operations as part of a Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency recovery mission in Thanh Hoa, Vietnam, on Dec. 11, 2015. (Navy)

;
On the Friday afternoon before Memorial Day 2017, Delta Flight 1687 from Hawaii arrived at San Diego International Airport. In keeping with Delta's tradition of showing respect for returning military remains, the captain asked all passengers to stay seated until Cosby's flag-draped casket was removed. There were no passenger complaints.

Standing on the tarmac were Crosby's sons Douglas, Steven and John, daughter Deborah, brother David and sister Sharon.

Mary Crosby, who never remarried and died in 2002, was surely there in spirit.

Now the long-awaited closure had begun. Delta's volunteer honor guard and six sailors in dress white uniforms stood at attention while the family had all the time they wanted to welcome Peter home.

Later the six sailors, with military precision, escorted the casket to the Fort Rosecrans chapel, where it would remain until Sunday's ceremony.

At precisely 10:30 a.m. on May 28, a white horse pulling a black caisson with Crosby's casket began its journey to the vestibule. On each side of the roadway, standing at attention and holding American flags, were about 20 members of the Patriot Guard Riders, an all-veteran motorcycle group whose mission is to show honor and respect to fallen warriors.

Basically unnoticed but there paying his respects was another Vietnam veteran, John P. Baca, a Medal of Honor recipient who served with the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) in 1970.

After the ceremony, he said, "I just had to be here."

As hard as he tried to not show it, you could see that his emotions were fragile.

Prayers were said, speeches were made, taps was blown, but it was the American flag now precisely folded and being presented to Deborah that caused tears in most everyone's eyes.

With the ceremony concluded, it was time to place Lt. Cmdr. Frederick Peter Crosby in his final resting place, and for this it was requested only his immediate family be present.



Thomas R. Messick, a retired Army major, served for 28 years as an Army aviator, including two tours in Vietnam. Later he retired as manager of flight operations and chief helicopter pilot for General Electric Co. This article first appeared in the June 2019 edition of Vietnam Magazine, a sister publication of Navy Times.





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Some news from around the world

United Nations—Security Council Extends Darfur Mission Sudan Tribune | 06/28/2019 The U.N. Security Council has delayed a planned drawdown of the peacekeeping mission in Sudan's western Darfur region, reports the Sudan Tribune (Paris). On Thursday, the council voted in favor of a U.K.- and German-drafted measure to extend the mandate of the United Nations-African Union Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) by four months, reported Al Jazeera (Qatar). Plans had called to reduce the 5,600-strong mission to 4,050 military personnel. The decision was made due to concerns about instability following the overthrow of President Omar Bashir in April as well as the continued presence of the Rapid Security Forces, the successor to the feared Janjaweed militias, said the deputy British ambassador to the U.N. The U.N. cannot move forward with its withdrawal until it is clear what is happening with U.N. bases in Darfur and there is progress toward a civilian-led government Khartoum, said Jonathan Allen. The Janjaweed were implicated in some of the atrocities committed against Darfur rebels under Bashir. Meanwhile, the Transitional Military Council (TMC), Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and Sudanese Liberation Army agreed to uphold a cease-fire in the western region.



USA—HH-60W Combat Rescue Helicopter Back On Track, Says Sikorsky Breaking Defense | 06/28/2019 Sikorsky says its HH-60W combat rescue helicopter is back on schedule after suffering significant delays, reports Breaking Defense.The HH-60W, which is expected to replace the HH-60G Pave Hawk as the Air Force's combat rescue helicopter, made its first flight about six weeks ago, seven months later than planned.Sikorsky has since pulled back five of those months and is on track for a production review in September, which will determine whether the program can move forward to low-rate initial production, program officials said.Last year, the Pentagon's director of test and evaluation reported that the HH-60W program was deficient in several areas related to aircraft survivability, reported Rotor & Wing on June 25. The program has since corrected or is in the process of certifying fixes for problems, including crew seats, the rescue hoist, ballistic performance and gun mount design



Sikorsky currently has two aircraft in testing, with two more expected to join the trials program by the end of August. USA—Indianapolis Littoral Ship Completes Acceptance Trials Lockheed Martin | 06/28/2019 The newest Freedom-class littoral combat ship has just completed its acceptance trials on Lake Michigan, reports Lockheed Martin, which leads the consortium that builds the ships.The Indianapolis (LCS-17) is the ninth ship in the Freedom class. The completion of the tests is the final milestone prior to delivery to the U.S. Navy.The latest trials featured a full-power run; maneuverability testing; surface and air detect-to-engage cycles of the ship's combat system; aviation support; small boat launch handling and recovery; and machinery control and automation.The Indianapolis is scheduled for commissioning in October, said Lockheed.




Canada—Chinese Fighters Buzz Frigate During E. China Sea Ops Canadian Broadcasting Corporation | 06/28/2019 Chinese fighter jets flew near Canadian naval ships in the East China Sea earlier this week, according to the Canadian Dept. of National Defense, as cited by CBC News. Two Chinese Su-30s flew within 1,000 feet (300 m) of the frigate HMCS Regina and support vessel Asterix while operating in international waters off Shanghai, said analysts cited by CNN. The frigate's CH-148 Cyclone helicopter was also targeted by a laser that came from a fishing boat, the Canadian military said. There was no damage to the aircraft or injuries in that incident. Dozens of Chinese Su-30s flew around the ships during the transit prior to the fly past, according to a researcher at the Canadian Global Affairs Institute. Canadian and Chinese officials described the incident as a professional military encounter. The fly past "was not provocative, hazardous or unexpected" given the frigate's proximity to China, a defense dept. spokesman said. An online statement by the state-owned Global Times described the encounter as a "warm welcome" to the ships. The incident comes as tensions between the Canada and China have grown. Huawei Chief Financial Officer Meng Wanzhou was arrested in Canada in December 2018. She could be extradited to the U.S. Shortly after the arrest, Beijing charged two Canadians, including a former diplomat, with espionage.



Netherlands—Agreement Inked With Germany On Digital Integration Of Armed Forces Defense-Aerospace | 06/28/2019 The defense ministers of Germany and the Netherlands have formalized an agreement to connect their command, control and communication (C3) networks, reports defense-aerospace.com.Dutch Defense Minister Ank Bijleveld and her German counterpart Ursula von der Leyen signed the pact on June 26 on the sidelines of the NATO defense minister's meeting in Brussels, reported Jane's Defence Weekly.Under the Tactical Edge Networking (TEN) program, the allies will merge Germany's digitization of land-based operations (D-LB) and the Netherlands' Foxtrot project to create a multinational C3 system.The TEN will promote digital standardization between the German and Dutch armed forces and is intended to provide a standard that other NATO partners can adopt, said a release from the Dutch Ministry of Defense.
The program will also build a military internet for use by the German and Dutch armed forces. The new network will support applications and permanent mobile accessibility, as well as providing protection against electromagnetic and cyber threats.The program's head office will be located in Koblenz, Germany, and a prototype center will be formed at the Bernhard Barracks in Amersfoort, the Netherlands.



European Union—Finland To Prioritize Cybersecurity During E.U. Presidency, Holding Ministerial-Level Exercises The Guardian | 06/28/2019 The European Union will hold cyber war games for senior officials in Helsinki in July and September, reports the Guardian (U.K.).
European interior and finance ministers will manage fictional scenarios during the exercises in the Finnish capital. Finland is taking over the presidency of the E.U. on July 1 and has named cybersecurity as one of its priorities.An increase in cyber attacks and meddling by Russia and China requires a response by the E.U., said Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto. Helsinki believes Moscow was behind the blocking of GPS signals during NATO drills in Norway in October. Russia was also accused of trying to conduct cyber attacks on an international chemical weapons organization, while Chinese hackers linked to state security have been accused of breaking into the networks of eight of the world's largest technology firms.Last week, E.U. leaders pledged to coordinate responses to cyber and hybrid threats and asked the European Commission and member states to work to strengthen resilience within the E.U.The E.U. conducted its first cyber war game in 2017 when defense ministers simulated responding to a cyber attack on E.U. military missions abroad.



Russia—Deal Inked For 2 More Severodvinsk-Class Attack Subs Tass | 06/28/2019 Russia has signed a contract for two additional Severodvinsk-class nuclear-powered attack submarines, reports the Tass news agency (Moscow). The deal for the boats, also known as the improved Yasen-M class, was signed on Thursday during the Army 2019 International Military and Technical Forum near Moscow. The value of the contract and delivery schedule were not made public. The Yasen-M is an improved version of the Severodvinsk class, first commissioned in 2014. Five boats are currently under construction. Fitted with a pump-jet propulsor, the subs are capable of a maximum speed of 25 to 40 knots. The first improved sub, Kazan, was delivered in March 2017 and is undergoing sea trials. The Army 2019 forum began on Tuesday and is scheduled to conclude on Sunday. Russian media have reported that the military has signed 46 contracts totaling about US$15.9 billion during the show.



Russia—Uralvagonzavod Unveils Latest Variant Of T-15 IFV Janes Defence Weekly | 06/28/2019 Russian defense firm Uralvagonzavod showed off an updated variant of the T-15 heavy infantry fighting vehicle this week at the Army 2019 defense exhibition in Kubinka, Russia, reports Jane's Defence Weekly.The vehicle on display was equipped with a modified 57-mm Kinzhal turret.The turret has a reduced side profile and increased height off of the hull, which could indicate changes to the ammunition stowage and feed systems and allow greater weapon elevation, experts say.The Kinzhal turret also has new gunner's and commander's sights that appear to be the same as those on the 2S38 Derivatsiya-PVO self-propelled gun.
The T-15 retains the 2A91 57-mm rifled automatic cannon and two 9M120 Ataka anti-tank missiles.



China—Huawei Employees Conducted At Least 10 Research Projects With Military, Investigation Finds Bloomberg News | 06/28/2019 Several employees with Chinese communications firm Huawei have collaborated on research projects with the military, contradicting previous claims by the tech giant, reports Bloomberg News. The news service discovered 10 projects over the past decade that were detailed in Chinese academic and research publications. The authors claimed to be Huawei employees and publicly linked their work with the company. Projects included a collaboration with China's top military body, the Central Military Commission, to analyze emotions from online videos and an initiative to collect and analyze satellite imagery. Another paper examined the U.S. combat radio network. Following the report, Huawei told CNBC that the company does not sanction projects with the military and has not produced any products customized for Chinese military use. A company spokesman said Huawei was not aware of any employees publishing research papers in an individual capacity. U.S. officials have expressed concerns that using technology made by the Chinese firm could expose communication networks to spying by the Chinese government.



North Korea—Washington Ready To Move Forward With Denuclearization Talks With N. Korea In Simultaneous, Parallel Manner Yonhap | 06/28/2019 The top U.S. official on North Korea says Washington is ready to move forward with denuclearization talks, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). U.S. Special Representative for North Korea Stephen Biegun made his comments on Friday during a meeting in Seoul with his South Korean counterpart, Lee Do Hoon. Biegun said that Washington is ready to move talks forward in a "simultaneous and parallel manner" based on the 2018 Singapore declaration signed by President Trump and North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un, the South Korean Foreign Ministry said. The U.S. official also met with Unification Minister Kim Yeon Chul to discuss inter-Korean ties and a recent shipment of humanitarian aid from Seoul to stem an impending famine in the north. Trump is scheduled to hold a summit with South Korean President Moon Jae In on Sunday. Meanwhile, on Thursday, the director-general of the North Korean Foreign Ministry's Dept. of American Affairs listed three conditions that would need to be met for denuclearization talks with the U.S. to resume, reported the Hankyoreh (South Korea). Pyongyang would need to see a "proper approach towards the negotiation on the part of the U.S." as well as an appropriate counter-proposal, said a statement from Kwong Jong Gun. He also emphasized that the dialogue is between North Korea and Washington and that no part of the negotiation will run through Seoul.





Japan—Minesweeper Badly Damaged In Collision With Cargo Vessel Kyodo News Agency | 06/28/2019 A Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) minesweeper has suffered significant damage after colliding with a cargo ship in the Seto Inland Sea off the coast of Hiroshima prefecture, reports the Kyodo news agency (Japan).The 510-ton Sugashima-class minesweeper Notojima was struck near the stern on the starboard side by the bow of the 699-ton cargo vessel.
The minesweeper was on its way to Kure via Awajishima island in Hyogo prefecture at a speed of 14 knots when it was struck around midnight northwest of Kouneshima Island on Wednesday.
The freighter was headed to Fukuyama at a speed of about 12 knots.No injuries were reported among the 41 crewmembers aboard the minesweeper or the five crewmembers on the cargo vessel.
The Notojima lost navigation in the collision and was taking on water, reported the Asahi Shimbun. The MSDF elected to tow the vessel to a shipyard on Innoshima Island, Hiroshima.
Negligence was suspected, since visibility was reportedly not an issue, said Japan Coast Guard officials.



United Arab Emirates—Forces Being Withdrawn From Yemen, Say Western Diplomats Reuters | 06/28/2019 The United Arab Emirates is reducing its military presence in Yemen to focus on security in the Persian Gulf, according to Western diplomats cited by Reuters. Emirati forces have begun pulling back from locations in Aden and the western Yemeni coast, said two diplomatic sources. Exact numbers were unavailable. A senior western diplomatic source said the number of troops being redeployed to Emirati soil was significant. Abu Dhabi is moving more forces back home in case tensions between the U.S. and Iran require a response, said three diplomatic sources. A senior Emirati official confirmed some troop movements but denied that that they constituted a withdrawal. The United Arab Emirates remains fully committed to the mission of the Saudi-led coalition, said the official. Any redeployment owes to the successful cease-fire in the port city of Hodeidah. There was no immediate comment from the Saudi-led coalition, which has been fighting Houthi rebels since 2015 in what is widely seen as a proxy conflict with Iran. Washington blamed Iran for recent attacks on oil tankers in the region and has called on other countries to increase cooperation on maritime security.



Israel—Russia Blamed For Recent GPS Disruptions Times of Israel | 06/28/2019 Israeli officials say that Russia was the cause of ongoing GPS disruptions around Ben Gurion International Airport southwest of Tel Aviv, reports the Times of Israel.Civilian aircraft in Israeli airspace have been reporting navigation disruptions for the past three weeks, reported the Jerusalem Post.According to Israel Airports Authority officials, safety has not been affected by the disruptions.The disruption is reportedly due to advanced GPS spoofing originating from Syria, which tricks an aircraft's GPS system into thinking it is in a different location.The spoofing is thought to be part of Russian efforts to protect its aircraft operating from Hmeimim Air Base in northwestern Syria, reported Haaretz (Israel). In response, an Israeli defense official has been sent to Russia to discuss the disruption.The Russian Embassy in Israel dismissed the allegations.



Morocco—U.S. Approves Sustainment Package For F-16 Fighters Defense Security Cooperation Agency | 06/28/2019 The U.S. State Dept. has approved a sustainment package for Morocco's fleet of F-16 fighter jets, reports the U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency. The proposed US$250.4 million deal covers support equipment; spare parts; training and training equipment; training documents; munition support equipment; and other sustainment services. Lockheed Martin would be the principal contractor. If exercised, the sale would improve the security of Morocco, a major non-NATO ally and enhance interoperability, said the DSCA.



Mali—Defense Cooperation Deal Signed With Russia Defence Web | 06/28/2019 Mali has inked a defense cooperation agreement with Russia, reports Defence Web (South Africa). On Tuesday, Malian Defense Minister Gen. Ibrahim Dahirou Dembele and his Russian counterpart, Sergei Shoigu, signed the agreement at the Army 2019 International Military and Technical Forum, in Kubinka, outside of Moscow. The agreement aims to strengthen bilateral security cooperation and deepen military ties, said Shoigu. In his remarks, Shoigu thanked Mali for its support of Russian policy in Ukraine and Syria. Moscow has signed at least 20 defense cooperation agreements with sub-Saharan African nations since 2014, when it came under Western sanctions over its illegal annexation of Crimea, noted Stratfor, an independent intelligence company.

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