Tuesday, June 25, 2019

TheList 5031

The List 5031 TGB

I hope that your week has started well.



Today in Naval History

June 25

1859 Though the U.S. is neutral in the Spanish Opium War, Capt. Josiah Tattnall offers the use of the U.S. steamer Toey-Wan to the British and French during the Battle of Taku Forts to receive wounded and dead troops.

1917 During World War I, the first Navy convoy of troopships carrying the American Expeditionary Forces arrives in France. The 14 troopships depart on June 14 from New York, which includes the 5th Marine Regiment.

1942 USS Nautilus (SS 168) sinks the Japanese destroyer, Yamakaze, southeast of Yokosuka, Japan.

1950 North Korea invades South Korea, beginning the Korean War. Two days later, President Harry S. Truman supports the United Nations call and authorizes US naval and air operations south of the 38th Parallel, Korea.

1956 Fleet Adm. Ernest J. King dies at Portsmouth Naval Hospital in New Hampshire.

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:
• Today's national headlines include acting SECDEF Esper sending a memo to the force laying out the Department's "path forward."
• The New York Times reports that President Trump announced new Iran sanctions on Monday. The sanctions would bar Ayatollah Ali Khamenei from accessing the international financial system.
• Stars and Stripes reports that USS Boxer arrived in 5th Fleet waters on Monday as tensions remain high between the U.S. and Iran.
• The Associated Press reported on the presence of Russia's Admiral Gorshkov in the Caribbean.

Today in History June 25


Charles the Bald and Louis the German defeat Lothar at Fontenay.


Aurangzeb proclaims himself emperor of the Moghuls in India.


Mexican Indians riot as Jesuit priests are ordered home.


Gustave Flaubert goes on trial for public immorality regarding his novel, Madame Bovary.


The first day of the Seven Days' campaign begins with fighting at Oak Grove, Virginia.


Union troops surrounding Petersburg, Virginia, begin building a mine tunnel underneath the Confederate lines.


The U.S. Congress enacts legislation granting an eight-hour day to workers employed by the federal government.


General George A. Custer and over 260 men of the Seventh Cavalry are wiped out by Sioux and Cheyenne Indians at Little Bighorn in Montana.


Marie Curie announces her discovery of radium.


The Greeks take 8,000 Turkish prisoners in Smyrna.


Samuel Gompers is elected head of the American Federation of Labor for the 40th time.


Finland declares war on the Soviet Union.


Ho Chi Minh travels to France for talks on Vietnamese independence.


The Soviet Union tightens its blockade of Berlin by intercepting river barges heading for the city.


North Korea invades South Korea, beginning the Korean War.


The Cuban government seizes 2.35 million acres under a new agrarian reform law.


The U.S. Supreme Court bans official prayers in public schools.


President Lyndon Johnson orders 200 naval personnel to Mississippi to assist in finding three missing civil rights workers.


White House Counsel John Dean admits President Richard Nixon took part in the Watergate cover-up.


Congress approves $100 million in aid to the Contras fighting in Nicaragua.


Thanks to Dale


One Crazy Marine,

June 24th

The Pied Piper of Saipan

On his first night on the island of Saipan in June 1944, Marine Private Guy Gabaldon slipped out of camp on his own and returned with two Japanese prisoners. His commanders told him that if left his post again, he'd be court-martialed. But the next night he disappeared again and came back with 50 prisoners. After that, his superiors let him go on his "lone-wolf " missions whenever he wanted.

Gabaldon wasn't simply after prisoners. He was trying to save lives. American troops had stormed Saipan, in the Marianna Islands, to break the Japanese defense line in the Pacific and secure a site for an air base. The Japanese tried to hold the island with desperate suicide charges. Gabaldon figured that more prisoners meant fewer casualties.

Just eighteen years old, Guy Gabaldon had learned street smarts from growing up in East Los Angeles barrios. He also knew some Japanese, thanks to a childhood friendship with a Japanese-American family. His strategy was simple. Working alone, he would creep up to an enemy-held cave or bunker, call out that the Marines were nearby, and assure the Japanese that they would be treated with dignity if they would lay down their arms.

"I must have seen too many John Wayne movies, because what I was doing was suicidal," Gabaldon later said. But his plan kept working.

One day Gabaldon persuaded some 800 Japanese soldiers to surrender and follow him back to the American lines. His astounded comrades nicknamed him the "Pied Piper of Saipan." Before being wounded by machine-gun fire, he captured perhaps 1,500 prisoners.

Gabaldon's bravery earned him the Navy Cross, and Hollywood made a movie, Hell to Eternity, about him. But his greatest reward was knowing that, in the midst of a bloody Pacific battle, he had single-handedly saved many American lives.


Thanks to Barre

Future Organ Donor!!!!!!!



We just returned from the Bay area where we attended two graduation/promotion ceremonies for our grandchildren. So this week's MMH will focus on graduations.

Lines from Graduation Speeches
"If you think you are too small to be effective, you have never been in bed with a mosquito."--Bette Reese, American officer and pilot
"Check your ego at the door and start checking your gut instead."--Oprah Winfrey
"The unfortunate, yet truly exciting thing about your life is that there is no core curriculum. The entire place is an elective."--Jon Stewart
"If you think nobody cares if you're alive, try missing a couple of payments."--Earl Wilson, baseball player
"You get to make your own luck. 80% of success in your career will come from just showing up. The world is run by those who show up…not those who wait to be asked."--Steve Blank, entrepreneur
"Even if you are on the right track, you will get run over if you just sit there."--Will Rogers
"Have the wisdom to recognize the best in others while always demanding the best from yourself."--Madeleine Albright
"If your uniform isn't dirty, you haven't been in the game."--Ben Bernanke
"Don't let your fears overwhelm your desire… you will never know what you're capable of unless you try."--Sheryl Sandberg, COO of Facebook
"Follow your passion, stay true to yourself, never follow someone else's path, unless you're in the woods and you're lost and you see a path… then by all means you should follow that."--Ellen DeGeneres.
"Life has no remote. Get up and change it yourself."--Mark A. Cooper, author

More Graduation Quotes
Commencement speeches were invented largely in the belief that outgoing students should never be released into the world until they have been properly sedated.--Garry Trudeau
In school, you're taught a lesson and then given a test. In life, you're given a test that teaches you a lesson.--Tom Bodett
It is indeed ironic that we spend our school days yearning to graduate and our remaining days waxing nostalgic about our school days.--Isabel Waxman
So, what's it like in the real world? Well, the food is better, but beyond that, I don't recommend it.--Bill Patterson
Education is an admirable thing, but it is well to remember from time to time that nothing worth knowing can be taught.--Oscar Wilde
The best advice I can give anybody about going out into the world is this: Don't do it. I have been out there. It is a mess.--Russell Baker
Graduation day is tough for adults. They go to the ceremony as parents. They come home as contemporaries. After twenty-two years of child-raising, they are unemployed.--Erma Bombeck
Fifty percent of all doctors graduate in the bottom half of their class - Hope your surgery went well!--Simone Elkeles
At graduation you get to wear a cap and gown, but it's a good idea to also wear something underneath it.--Greg Tamblyn
Every year, many, many stupid people graduate from college. And if they can do it, so can you.--John Green
Now that you've graduated, just remember: Bosses don't usually accept notes from your mother.--Melanie White
Of course there's a lot of knowledge in universities: the freshmen bring a little in; the seniors don't take much away, so knowledge sort of accumulates.--Dr. A. Lawrence Lowell
The man who graduates today and stops learning tomorrow is uneducated the day after.--Newton D. Baker
Life is my college. May I graduate well, and earn some honors!--Louisa May Alcott
A graduation ceremony is an event where the commencement speaker tells thousands of students dressed in identical caps and gowns that "individuality" is the key to success.--Robert Orben
There is a good reason they call these ceremonies "commencement exercises". Graduation is not the end; it's the beginning.--Orrin Hatch
Graduation: a ritual event where they award you a diploma, in the hope that you have learned enough to be able to read it.--Unknown
If you feel that you have both feet planted on level ground, then the university has failed you.--Robert Goheen
Alphabet: a symbolic system used in algebra, with applications that have yet to be discovered by dyslexics and two thirds of college graduates.--Bauvard
The college graduate is presented with a sheepskin to cover his intellectual nakedness.--Robert M. Hutchins
The trouble with learning from experience is that you never graduate.--Doug Larson
I will try to follow the advice that a university president once gave a prospective commencement speaker. "Think of yourself as the body at an Irish wake" he said. "They need you in order to have the party, but no one expects you to say very much."--Anthony Lake
The unfortunate, yet truly exciting thing about your life, is that there is no core curriculum. The entire place is an elective.--John Stewart
Your families are extremely proud of you. You can't imagine the sense of relief they are experiencing. This would be a most opportune time to ask for money.--Gary Bolding
To those of you who received honors, awards and distinctions, I say well done. And to the C students, I say you, too, can be president of the United States.--George W. Bush

You know you're a redneck when you missed your fifth grade graduation because you were on jury duty.

Have a great week,



Thanks to Carl


A trip from LA to Las Vegas and back takes 8 hours by a gas-powered car but 13 hours by an electric vehicle.
Electric Car Major Headache: Waiting Hours for Charging Bay then Hrs to Charge


Thanks to Micro

"Shooters" (not "Hooters")

Safest place to eat within 1000 miles

"Shooters".... Not Hooters I would guess the odds of a hold-up at this saloon are pretty slim. Rifle, Colorado is on I-70 in the western part of the state.



Thanks to Shadow Dragon's Jaw is an outstanding read and Shadow has pointed out the true value of this work by two talented and experienced authors that I have been reading for many years.

Dragon's Jaw

I promised a review of "Dragon's Jaw"… the new book by Barrett Tillman and Stephen Coonts

about the long, frustrating and heroic attempts to drop the Thanh Hoa bridge during the

Vietnam War. Right up front I must say, this is the best book concerning the war that I have

ever read, for it goes much farther than just a story about a frustrating combat experience; it

also lays open the lies, subterfuge and I believe criminal actions by those in leadership

positions of this nation; that got us involved in the first place and the criminal mismanagement

of the war from Washington. It is also a book that is devoid of the hyperbole and hubris that

often is the hallmark of any book about combat (air or ground). It is told in a straight forward

and forthright manner. No perfume on the pig here… just a straight forward account of tenacity,

courage and will.

I have been frustrated for most of my adult life at how the war was portrayed in books, movies

and supposed documentaries. As a participant, I have often noted that all these so called

portrayals of what the war was about and/or how it was fought… bore little resemblance to my

own personal experience. Finally, a book that tells it like it was.

But it is so much more than just a book about combat… for the first time I've read a book that

lays out in a simple, understandable manner… the corruption of the politicians that got us into

the war; but also the callous, outrageous way they chose to manage the war. If ever there is

justice… Lyndon Johnson, Robert McNamara and their sycophants will rot in hell for eternity.

The book reflects what I have tried to explain for decades to those who didn't understand, that

those of us in the military never start wars. Lying, corrupt, disingenuous and conniving

"Politicians" start wars; not those of us who served in the military. This is a must read for those

of us who served, but also an educational proffer for those who didn't. Five Stars!

I have two final recommendations to make. A perfect companion to this book, is the incredible

chronology of "Rolling Thunder" by Rear Admiral Jeremy "Bear" Taylor. I encourage you all to

visit the Rolling Thunder website and Blog. BTW… The Bear, made a few visits to the

"Dragon's Jaw" himself. His devotion and work is incredible! I highly recommend those of you

who haven't heard of it to check in on the website.

The last thing I'll mention is something that haunted me as I read the book… it is the words

written by one of my personal heroes from long ago. Colonel John Minturn Verdi. John was one

of the great intellects I've ever met in my life and the personification of the word "Warrior". If

ever there was a post script to this book… it would be the words John wrote years ago. I share

it with you now…

"It is not for the soldier (or aviator) to look back in anger toward his brothers killed in battle. Not

only do we (as Shakespeare wrote) owe God a death, we who have taken the soldier's oath

owe our Nation a death—St. Augustine explicitly conceded this 16 centuries ago. To him who

bears the fearful burden of commanding in battle, the soldier pays equal tribute of respect and

forgiveness; and it is not for us to look back in anger on mistakes— we do not know everything

the enemy will do and the enemy are not going to tell us. It is civilians— and especially their

"assemblies"— who after the fact of defeat of arms and death of armies impeach the

commander (or some suitable effigy, should the commander not survive); soldiers forgive injury

—it goes with the job".

But Augustine also poured his scorn upon an emperor who officiated but did not govern and

on the false courtiers who filled his false headquarters with 'Vanity and Lies'. Even so do I in

these pages look back in anger: To my brothers untimely slain, not in battle by the enemy but

by that collective incompetence and indifference of false careerists who sent them forth with

less than the training and equipment they needed—and could have had— to do the job. For

these dead I cry tears of rage, for to them has been done not just injury (which may be

forgiven) but INSULT.

MORTAL INSULT! And that may never be forgiven.

And he never did forgive… The irony was John wrote this about his tour flying F-9's in Korea…

he later flew with CAT in support of the French at Dien Bien Phu… and returned to active duty

with our beloved Corps and was an F-4 squadron commander in our war. But whatever the war

,since the last big one… it fits.

Shadow sends….


Some news from around the world

USA—Trump Privately Mulls Leaving Defense Alliance With Japan Bloomberg News | 06/25/2019 President Donald Trump has raised in private the possibility of withdrawing from a longstanding defense pact with Japan, reports Bloomberg News. The 60-year-old agreement requires the U.S. to defend Japan but does not have reciprocal obligations for Japan, sources told the news service. Trump considers it too one-sided, the sources said. Although Trump has complained about the treaty, it is unlikely that he would withdraw. Trump has previously raised the issue of compensation for the relocation of U.S. forces on Okinawa. The president has repeatedly said he considers Japan's efforts to move the base there as a kind of "land grab," said sources. It is unclear if he would have the power to do so unilaterally. Japan is considered a key regional ally, said analysts. Such a withdrawal would also call into question U.S. commitments to Australia, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan and other allies. It would also likely cede security in the Western Pacific to China. On Tuesday, Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihida Suga said that there was no indication of plans to review of the U.S.-Japan security alliance. Tensions have also grown due to Trump's approach to protectionist trade policies, particularly in sectors where both countries compete, such as the automotive industry. Trump and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe are set to meet at the G20 summit, which kicks off on Saturday in Osaka, Japan.

USA—Head Of Space Development Agency Quits After Less Than 4 Months Space News | 06/25/2019 The head of the newly created Space Development Agency has resigned, reports Space News.The Space Development Agency was established by former acting Secretary of Defense Patrick Shanahan on March 12 as part of efforts to develop space capabilities.
Fred Kennedy submitted his resignation to Undersecretary of Defense for Research and Engineering Mike Griffin, whose portfolio includes the SDA, on June 19.Kennedy will return to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, where he headed the Tactical Technology Office prior to taking over the SDA.It was not clear why Kennedy resigned. Two sources told Space News that there were disagreements between Kennedy and Griffin on how the SDA should be run.The move does not affect the agency's mission or activities, said a Pentagon spokesperson cited by Defense News. The SDA will help develop the military's future threat-driven space architecture and accelerate the fielding of new space capabilities, the spokesperson said.

Canada—Some Troops To Remain In Mali Until September Defence Web | 06/25/2019 More details have been released about Canada's phased withdrawal from the U.N. peacekeeping mission in Mali, reports Defence Web (South Africa).On June 14, Defense Minister Harjit Sajjan and Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland announced that the Canadian air contingent would remain in Mali for a few extra weeks to ease the transition for its replacement, reports CBC News at the time.The Air Task Force will initially shrink from three CH-147 Chinooks, five CH-146 Griffons and 250 personnel to two Chinooks, three CH-146s and 170 personnel, at the end of July. The reduced force will continue to conduct medical evacuation operations until Aug. 31, when a Romanian unit will take over full responsibility for all missions.Since joining MINUSMA in July 2018, Canada's Air Task Force has conducted 10 medical evacuations, delivered 370,000 pounds (168,000 kg) of cargo and transported more than 6,400 passengers.Romania is deploying 120 personnel and four IAR 330 Puma helicopters to the Mali mission.

Germany—2 Eurofighters Collide In Northeast; 1 Pilot Killed Deutsche Welle | 06/25/2019 A pilot has died after two Eurofighter jets collided over northeastern Germany, reports Deutsche Welle. The jets were part of a formation of three Eurofighters flying a training mission out of Laage, near Rostok, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern state. Both pilots ejected. One was found alive nearby. The second pilot was pronounced dead at the scene. The aircraft were assigned to Tactical Air Force Wing 73, "Steinhoff," which is Germany's main Eurofighter training unit. None of the aircraft were carrying munitions during the incident, said the Luftwaffe. An investigation into the incident has been opened, said Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen.

United Kingdom—RAF Flies 1st Operational Sorties With F-35s Daily Telegraph | 06/25/2019 The British Royal Air Force has flown its first operational missions with F-35B fighter jets, reports the Daily Telegraph (London). Since June 16, six F-35Bs have flown 14 sorties from RAF Akrotiri on Cyprus against ISIS targets in Iraq and Syria, Defense Secretary Penny Mordaunt said on Monday. The missions followed a six-week training deployment, said Mordaunt. The F-35B Lightnings operated alongside Eurofighter Typhoon jets on armed overwatch missions, she said. A defense ministry spokesman described the operation as a "proof of concept" deployment by the 617 Squadron. None of the missions flown so far have involved strikes, said the defense minister. The F-35Bs are scheduled to return to base at RAF Marham in Norfolk in July. Britain currently has 17 F-35Bs, the short-takeoff and vertical landing (STOVL) variant, and has committed to acquiring 138 F-35s.

United Kingdom—RAF Flies 1st Operational Sorties With F-35s Daily Telegraph | 06/25/2019 The British Royal Air Force has flown its first operational missions with F-35B fighter jets, reports the Daily Telegraph (London). Since June 16, six F-35Bs have flown 14 sorties from RAF Akrotiri on Cyprus against ISIS targets in Iraq and Syria, Defense Secretary Penny Mordaunt said on Monday. The missions followed a six-week training deployment, said Mordaunt. The F-35B Lightnings operated alongside Eurofighter Typhoon jets on armed overwatch missions, she said. A defense ministry spokesman described the operation as a "proof of concept" deployment by the 617 Squadron. None of the missions flown so far have involved strikes, said the defense minister. The F-35Bs are scheduled to return to base at RAF Marham in Norfolk in July. Britain currently has 17 F-35Bs, the short-takeoff and vertical landing (STOVL) variant, and has committed to acquiring 138 F-35s.

United Kingdom—Audacious Submarine Yet To Begin Sea Trials Save The Royal Navy | 06/25/2019 The British Royal Navy's newest nuclear-powered attack submersible has yet to begin sea-trials more than two years after launching, reports the Save the Royal Navy website.
Despite being launched in April of 2017, the submarine has not yet gone to sea.The Audacious completed her first trim and basin dive in January 2018. In 2017, the Ministry of Defense stated that the submarine was expected to enter service in November 2018. Officials at the ministry told the website on June 22 that testing would begin later this year without setting a specific timeframe.The Audacious is the first batch 2 boat in the Astute class, which incorporates improved technology, including new combat systems and open architecture electronics. Some of the technology from the Audacious has already been retrofitted onto the earlier submarines in the class.Delays in commissioning the Audacious could cause the Royal Navy's attack submarine fleet to drop from six to five boats if HMS Trenchant is decommissioned as planned later this year.

Turkey—Opposition Candidate Wins Rerun Of Istanbul Mayoral Election British Broadcasting Corp. | 06/25/2019 The opposition candidate for mayor of Istanbul has won the second running of the election over a candidate from the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), reports BBC News.Ekrem Imamoglu's election is a major blow to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's AKP. Erdogan first came into prominence as mayor of Istanbul, using that position to propel himself into the role of prime minister and later president.Imamoglu won the initial vote in March by about 13,000 votes. However, the election board dismissed the results due to "irregularities." The decision was widely seen as being pushed by the Erdogan government.In the latest election, Imamoglu of the Republican People's Party (CHP), won by around 775,000 votes, or 55 percent to 45 percent, over former AKP Prime Minister Binali Yildirim.The result ends 25 years of AKP rule in the city.

North Korea—Kim's Sister Taking Leading Role In Politics, Says Intelligence Estimate Yonhap | 06/25/2019 The sister of North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un appears to have taken on increased political responsibilities, according to a new intelligence report cited by the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). Kim Yo Jong has taken the number two job in the ruling Workers' Party of Korea's agitation and propaganda department, South Korea's National Intelligence Service told lawmakers on Tuesday. Kim has been spotted at numerous propaganda functions recently, including a visit by Chinese President Xi Jinping. Her rise seems to come at the expense of Kim Yong Chol, who served as the chief North Korean negotiator during the February summit with U.S. President Donald Trump, said the agency. Her status appears to be in line with that of Choe Ryong Hae, who is perceived to be the second-highest North Korean official, and Ri Su Yong, the vice chairman of the ruling party, according to the intelligence assessment. The analysis contradicts rumors of her demotion that circulated following the failed summit in Vietnam. Some analysts have expressed skepticism about the report, arguing that there was not enough evidence to support the claim, reported NK News. Kim Yo Jong was not seen at a group photo session of the Political Bureau of the WPK Central Committee last week, for example.

Indonesia—West Papua Separatist Group Identified As Using Child Soldiers Radio New Zealand | 06/25/2019 A photograph released by the West Papua Liberation Army rebel group appears to show children fighting in its ranks, reports Radio New Zealand.A spokesperson for the group admitted that there were about a dozen soldiers aged 15 to 18 currently in the group's ranks, which he described as necessary due to oppression by the Indonesian military. Children have been fighting in rebel groups in Papua for decades, he said.According to experts, many child soldiers join militants in Papua after their parents are killed in fighting with Indonesian forces, feeding a cycle of violence.The West Papua Liberation Army launched a new campaign against the Indonesian government in the Nduga regency in the central highlands late last year.The rebel group is fighting for independence for the Papua and West Papua provinces of Indonesia.

Iran—Latest Sanctions Mean End To Diplomacy, Officials Say Nbc News | 06/25/2019 Iranian officials say new U.S. sanctions represent the "permanent closure" of relations, reports NBC News. On Monday, President Donald Trump signed an executive order imposing sanctions on Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei and eight commanders of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), the Treasury Dept. said in a statement. U.S. officials have also floated the possibility of sanctioning Foreign Minister Javad Zarif later this week. In a televised speech, President Hassan Rouhani criticized the move as desperate and a sign of U.S. defeat, reported the semi-official Tasnim news agency (Tehran). A spokesman for the Iranian Foreign Ministry said the new sanctions represented the permanent closure of relations between the U.S. and Iran. Negotiations are impossible under the current circumstances, he said. The U.S. has already imposed sanctions on Iran's oil industry and the IRGC. The latest measures were part of the U.S. response to the shoot down of a drone that Iran said had entered its airspace. Washington maintains that the air vehicle was flying in international airspace. Analysts said that the latest sanctions were mostly symbolic, given the range of measures already implemented against Iran, reported the Guardian (U.K.).

Iran—More Defense Cooperation Proposed With Iraq Jerusalem Post | 06/25/2019 Iranian and Iraqi officials have discussed boosting bilateral defense cooperation, reports the Jerusalem Post, citing Iranian media.The neighbors could conduct joint military drills and cooperate on air defense efforts, according to Iranian proposals.The joint exercises could cover battlefield medicine, sniping, artillery and airborne assault, according to senior Iranian army officials cited by the semi-official Fars news agency. The joint exercises would exclude the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), which the U.S. has designated a terrorist organization.
Iranian military officers cited religious commonalities, the geopolitical situation and common enemies as factors pushing the two sides together.

Israel—National Security Adviser Meets With Russian, U.S. Counterparts In Jerusalem Jerusalem Post | 06/25/2019 Senior security advisers from Israel, Russia and the U.S. have met for trilateral talks in Jerusalem, reports the Jerusalem Post. On Tuesday, Nikolai Patrushev, the head of Russia's security council, and U.S. National Security Adviser John Bolton met with their Israeli counterpart, Meir Ben Shabbat. The discussion focused on Iran's role in the region, with a focus on Syria and the withdrawal of foreign forces. On Monday, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said that Israel would do "anything" to ensure that Iran does not obtain a nuclear weapon, reported the Times of Israel. Israeli and U.S. officials are hoping to widen differences between Iran and Russia, potentially shaping a post-war Syria with an eye to Israeli and Western security concerns, reported the Wall Street Journal. Bolton also emphasized that Iran should not mistake Washington's restraint in not attacking after Tehran shot down one of its drones as weakness.

Nigeria—Scores Rescued During Clearance Operations In Borno State Vanguard | 06/25/2019 The Nigerian army says that its forces have rescued 95 hostages from terrorist camps in the northeastern Borno state, reports the Vanguard (Lagos).The hostages, who were largely women and children, were being used as farm laborers in the camps before their rescue.
Saturday's raids were conducted by troops from the 112 Task Force Battalion, 22 Brigade, the Civilian Joint Task Force and a vigilante group.The clearance operations took place in the villages of Kobe, Boboshe, and Dubula.

Venezuela—Russian Transport Arrives In Caracas Reuters | 06/25/2019 A Russian air force transport has arrived in Venezuela, reports Reuters. The Il-62 passenger aircraft landed at Maiquetia International Airport in Caracas on Monday, a witness told the news agency. The tail number is registered to the Russian air force, according to Flight Radar 24. It matches the number visible on one of two jets that visited Venezuela in March. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said that the plane carried Russian personnel to service Russian military equipment, reported Interfax. Following the March deployment, President Trump called on Russia to withdraw its personnel. The Kremlin said Russian nationals had traveled to Venezuela to service military equipment.

Mexico—15,000 Security Personnel Deployed To Northern Border Mexico News Daily | 06/25/2019 Mexico has sent about 15,000 troops to its northern border with the U.S., reports the Mexico News Daily. Defense Secretary Luis Sandoval announced the deployment on Monday from Cancun. The troops will include military forces as well as members of the newly-created national guard, he said. The force is authorized to arrest people suspected of crossing without appropriate paperwork, said the secretary. About 6,500 military and national guard troops are also deployed along the southern border with Belize and Guatemala, reported CNN. The announcement follows a June 7 agreement with the U.S. to reduce the number of illegal border crossings. President Donald Trump has threatened to impose tariffs on Mexican goods if significant migrant reductions are not achieved.

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