Tuesday, June 25, 2019

TheList 5030


The List 5030 TGB


I hope that you all had a great weekend

Regards,


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Today in Naval History

June 24

1833 The frigate Constitution is the first vessel to enter the newly-built dry dock at the Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Mass. for overhaul. A false rumor circulates in Boston in 1830 that the U.S. Navy intends to scrap the ship; young Oliver Wendell Holmes pens his poem "Old Ironsides", becoming a rallying cry to save the ship.

1944 Torpedo bomber TBM aircraft (VC 69) from USS Bogue (CVE 9) sink Japanese submarine (I 52), 800 miles southwest of Fayal, Azores.

1944 Navy submarines USS Grouper (SS 214), USS Redfin (SS 272) and USS Tang (SS 306) attack Japanese convoys off the coast of Japan, sinking seven enemy vessels.

1948 The Berlin airlift Operation Vittles is initiated to offset the Soviet Union's blockade access of the U.S., France, and Great Britain to their sectors of Berlin.

1952 During the Korean War, aircraft from USS Philippine Sea (CV 47), USS Bon Homme Richard (CV 31), USS Princeton (CV 37), and USS Boxer (CV 21) continue attacks on hydroelectric plants in North Korea from the previous day



Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:
• The Wall Street Journal reports that the U.S. launched offensive cyber operations against Iranian intelligence computer systems on Thursday as President Trump called off military strikes.
• The Trump administration plans to impose new major economic sanctions on Iran, signaling it will not ease pressure on Tehran, reports the Wall Street Journal.
• The Associated Press reports that the future USS Daniel Inouye was christened on Saturday by the late senator's wife Hirano Inouye.





This day in History

0217 Carthaginian forces led by Hannibal destroy a Roman army under consul Gaius Flaminius in a battle at Lake Trasimene in central Italy.

1314 Scottish forces, led by Robert the Bruce, win an overwhelming victory against English King Edward II at the Battle of Bannockburn.

1340 The English fleet defeats the French fleet at Sluys, off the Flemish coast.

1497 Explorer John Cabot lands in North America in present-day Canada.

1509 Henry VIII is crowned King of England.

1647 Margaret Brent, demands a voice and a vote for herself in the Maryland colonial assembly.

1664 The colony of New Jersey, named after the Isle of Jersey, is founded.

1675 King Philip's War begins.

1812 Napoleon crosses the Neman River and invades Russia.

1859 At the Battle of Solferino, also known as the Battle of the Three Sovereigns, the French army, led by Napoleon III, defeats the Austrian army under Franz Joseph I.

1861 Federal gunboats attack Confederate batteries at Mathias Point, Virginia.

1862 U.S. intervention saves the British and French at the Dagu Forts in China.

1896 Booker T. Washington becomes the first African American to receive an honorary MA degree from Harvard University.

1910 The Japanese army invades Korea.

1913 Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria following border disputes over Macedonia and Thrace.

1931 The Soviet Union and Afghanistan sign a treaty of neutrality.

1940 France signs an armistice with Italy.

1941 President Franklin Roosevelt pledges all possible support to the Soviet Union.

1943 Royal Air Force Bombers hammer Muelheim, Germany, in a drive to cripple the Ruhr industrial base.

1948 The Soviet Union begins the Berlin Blockade, America responds with the Berlin Airlift.

1953 John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Bouvier announce their engagement.

1955Soviet MIGs down a U.S. Navy patrol plane over the Bering Strait.

1964 The Federal Trade Commission announces that, starting in 1965, cigarette makers must include warning labels about the harmful effects of smoking.

1970 The U.S. Senate votes overwhelmingly to repeal the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution



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"This Day in Aviation History" brought to you by the Daedalians Airpower Blog Update. To subscribe to this weekly email, go to https://daedalians.org/airpower-blog/.



June 23, 1944

Second Lt. David R. Kingsley, U.S. Army Air Corps, 97th Bombardment Wing, was awarded the Medal of Honor "for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of life above and beyond the call of duty, 23 June 1944 near Ploesti, Rumania, while flying as a bombardier of a B17 type aircraft." Kingsley's aircraft was attacked after a bombing run and members of the crew were wounded. He gave up his own parachute to save the tail gunner's life, and went down with the airplane. The gunner saved by Kingsley later said, "David then took me in his arms and struggled to the bomb bay, where he told me to keep my hand on the rip cord and said to pull it when I was clear of the ship. . . Then he told me to bail out. I watched the ground go by for a few seconds and then I jumped. I looked at Dave and the look he had on his face was firm and solemn. He must have known what was coming because there was no fear in his eyes at all. That was the last time I saw. . . Dave standing in the bomb bay." Maj. Gen. Ralph P. Cousins presented Lieutenant Kingsley's Medal of Honor to his older brother, Pharmacist's Mate First Class Thomas Kingsley, U.S. Navy, in a ceremony held at St. Michael the Archangel Church, Portland, Oregon, on May 4, 1945. Click HERE to read more about Kingsley's final mission.



June 24, 1916

Victor Chapman of the Lafayette Escadrille became the first American airman to be killed in action, flying a Nieuport 16, when he was shot down near Verdun-sur-Meuse by pioneering German flying ace Lt. Kurt Wintgens, who was flying a Halberstadt D.II that day. Chapman was buried at the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery and Memorial in France. A cenotaph in his honor was erected in St. Matthew's Episcopal Churchyard, Bedford, New York.



June 25, 1916

Oswald Boelcke, the leading German ace, was grounded and ordered on an inspection trip to Austro-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. However, before he departed Boelcke wrote his famous "Dicta" and scored his 19th victory. The "Dicta Boelcke" became the first air combat tactics manual, and it is distributed thoughout the German Air Service. Over time, the "Dicta Boelke" has evolved into widespread use of tactics, techniques and procedures manuals for air forces worldwide. Retired Brig. Gen. R.G. Head, Daedalian Life Member, has written a book called "Oswald Boelke. German's First Fighter Ace and Father of Air Combat." It's available for order HERE.



June 26, 1948

In response to a blockade instituted by the Soviet Union on June 24 of rail and road lines between the U.S., British, and French occupation zones of western Germany and their occupation sectors in western Berlin, the Allies launched the Berlin Airlift. Called Operation VITTLES by the U.S. and Operation PLANE FARE by the British, the airlift delivered enough coal and food to sustain the city indefinitely and became the largest humanitarian airlift in history.



June 27, 1911

Lt. j.g. John H. Towers, who was to become Naval Aviator No. 3 and Daedalian Founder Member #4093, reported for duty and instruction in flying at the Curtiss School at Hammondsport, N.Y.



June 28, 1927

At 7:09 a.m. 1st Lt. Lester J. Maitland and 1st Lt. Albert F. Hegenberger, Air Service, United States Army, took off from Oakland Municipal Airport, California, aboard an Atlantic-Fokker C-2, serial number A.S. 26-202, Bird of Paradise. Their destination was Wheeler Field, Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii, 2,407 miles across the Pacific Ocean. The Air Service had been planning such a flight for many years. Specialized air navigation equipment had been developed, much of it by Lieutenant Hegenberger, and simulations and practice flights had been carried out. How did they do? Click HERE to find out. Hegenberger was Daedalian Founder Member #3827; Maitland was #8069.



June 29, 1955

The first operational Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, RB-52B-15-BO 52-8711, was delivered to the 93rd Bombardment Wing, Heavy, at Castle AFB, California. The new long-range heavy bomber would replace the 93rd's Boeing B-47 Stratojets. Fifty B-52Bs were built by Boeing at its Plant 2 in Seattle. Twenty-seven of these were RB-52B reconnaissance bombers. They were designed to accept a pressurized electronic intelligence and photographic reconnaissance capsule with a two-man crew that completely filled the bomb bay. Without the capsule aboard, the RB-52s were capable of the same bombing missions as their sister B-52Bs. The change could be made within a few hours.



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Thanks toRunt

SR-72 article

Interesting article for your consideration.

https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/top-secret-no-longer-new-mach-5-sr-72-spy-plane-could-beat-everything-63782



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Thanks to Michael ...and Dr. Rich



SpaceX Falcon Heavy: Why everyone should watch this night launch from Kennedy Space Center



MELBOURNE, Fla. – For the third time ever, on Monday night spectators on the Space Coast will once again get to see the world's most powerful rocket launch from Kennedy Space Center. The 27 Merlin main engines strapped to SpaceX's Falcon Heavy rocket will fire to life no earlier than 11:30 p.m. EDT Monday 6/24





https://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/science/2019/06/23/spacex-falcon-heavy-watch-night-launch-kennedy-space-center/1541222001/





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Thanks to THE Bear -



COMMANDO HUNT and ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… WEEK TWENTY-ONE of THE HUNT… 31 MARCH-6 APRIL 1969…

June 23, 2019 Bear Taylor

http://www.rollingthunderremembered.com/commando-hunt-and-rolling-thunder-remembered-week-twenty-one-of-the-hunt-31-march-6-april-1969/


COMMANDO HUNT and ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… WEEK TWENTY-ONE of THE HUNT… 31 MARCH-6 APRIL 1969… – Rolling Thunder and Commando Hunt Remembered

www.rollingthunderremembered.com

Commando Hunt: 11-November 1968 to 29 March 1972; Rolling Thunder Remembered – 1965 – 1968; 50 Year Anniversary – Operation Rolling Thunder




COMMANDO HUNT and ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED… WEEK TWENTY-ONE of THE HUNT… 31 MARCH-6 APRIL 1969…

COMMEMORATING THE 50th ANNIVERSARY OF THE VIETNAM WAR: 1961-1973…

LEST WE FORGET… AMERICAN LOSSES, KILLED-IN-ACTION, FOR THE WEEK 15-21 MARCH 1969 CLIMBED TO 312. For the war: total KIA was at 33,641, passing the total AMERICAN losses-in-battle in the KOREAN WAR… From a poem by CORPORAL JOSHUA GILLEM… "Your fight in that war, is long since over;/We honor your sacrifice, kneeling on a bed of clover./ Your wounds have closed up, you've been laid to rest;/We honor your sacrifice, and the medals pinned upon your chest./ (Oh, and we told your mom, you've done your best)…/It's time to go home now, your duty is done;/We honor your sacrifice, you may put down your gun./ Until Valhalla my friends, when we will meet again;/ I honor your sacrifice, on this bloodstained land."…… REMEMBERING those who have fallen as we press on…an eternal obligation…





I. HEADLINES FROM THE NEW YORK TIMES for 31 March through 6 April 1969…

A. THE WAR… (31 March) FOE FIRES ROCKETS ON SAIGON BUT HITS A QUIET RIVER AREA… "…Initial reports indicated there had been three projectiles, all of which landed harmlessly in the river or among flimsy bamboo shaties, soggy rice lands and moored sampans."… "The weekend decline contrasted sharply with a concurrent step-up in infantry contacts, particularly in the northern part of the country and in the provinces north and west of Saigon. For a period of about two days now, there has been increased battlefield activity, but whether the increase…signals a new phase in the enemy offensive has not been determined."… (1 April) HEAVY FIGHTING BREAKS OUT AGAIN NORTHWEST OF SAIGON… "…was in an area east of the city of Tayninh, about 50 miles from the capital. That section has been the most troublesome in the country for the allies for more than a month. In the six engagements…United States units reported having killed more that 100 soldiers. About 15 Americans died."… (2 Apr) ENEMY OFFENSE STILL SEESAWING–Contact In The Mekong Delta Increases After a Lull–15 Shellings Overnight… SAIGON TELLS OF TERRORISM… "…said today that the Vietcong assassinated 201 civilians in the last week of March, bringing the total for the first three months of the year to 1,955."… (3 Apr) U.S. SOLDIERS FIGHT THREE BATTLES NORTHWEST OF SAIGON… "…in a battle near Trangbang the Americans repulsed the attack in two hours of fighting and reported killing 49 enemy soldiers. There were no American casualties reported."…"Unofficially, American officers asserted that the offensive had hurt the enemy much worse than it had the allies…through the first six weeks of the campaign, no allied bases, no cities, and about 150 of 7,000 government-controlled hamlets had been overrun by enemy troops."… (4 Apr) U.S. DEATHS IN WAR PASS KOREA TOTAL–Vietnam Toll Now at 33,641 in 8 Years of Involvement–Losses Rise in Week… "The deaths of 312 American soldiers last week in Vietnam raised the toll to 33,641… The Vietnam war, the longest in which the United States has engaged, is its third costliest foreign war in the number of deaths. a total of 53,513 American soldiers died in World War I and 292,131 in World War II. In the Civil War, the death total on both sides is put at 214,938, although the Confederate toll is an estimate. The first American soldier to fall in Vietnam, Specialist 4 James T. Davis of Livingston, TN was killed in an ambush near Saigon on Dec. 22, 1961… American deaths for the six week enemy offensive was put at 1,718."… (5 Apr) MARINES SWEEP NEAR DMZ SEEKS TO SHIELD CITIES–2 Operations Also Designed to Ease Enemy Threats to Other Allied Units… "… Several battalions of marines are sweeping through the area about 10 miles northwest of the abandoned base of Khe Sanh in search of the North Vietnamese troops that have been harassing American artillery bases."… (6 Apr) 600 OF FOE ATTACK AN ARTILLERY POST 30 MILES NORTHWEST OF SAIGON–U.S. Reports Killing of 81 of Enemy… "…the bodies were found around the base after United States aircraft and artillery had driven the attackers off. Americn losses were four killed and 13 wounded."…. "In another engagement, an American armored column killed 25 enemy soldiers in an skirmish 25 miles north of Saigon. Two Americans were wounded."…



B. THE PURSUIT OF PEACE IN PARIS… (31 Mar) CHANGE DETECTED IN VIETCONG POSITION–Lodge Sees Progress–Laird Would Accept Reds… "Allied experts believe that Hanoi and the Vietcong will make an ultimate attempt to drive a wedge between the United States Government before productive peace talks get under way. However, these specialists say they detect signs that the other side is inching toward de facto recognition of the Saigon regime about in the same way and tempo as Saigon leadrs are coming around to acknowledging the Vietcong's existence as a political force."… (2 Apr) THIEU'S SHIFTS ON VIETCONG ROLE REFLECT HIS NEW POLITICAL GAINS… "President Nguyen Van Thieu and the Government of South Vietnam have completed a remarkable shift in their thinking on their relationship with the Vietcong….offered to begin direct negotiations with the Vietcong."… (3 Apr) KY REVIEWS VIETNAM ISSUES AT LUNCHEON GIVEN BY VICE PRESIDENT SPIRO AGNEW… "…reviewed the general Vietnam war situation and developments in the Paris peace talks with Mr. Agnew and Secretary of State William P. Rogers."… (4 Apr) SECRET PARLEYS OF PEACE BEGIN LAIRD DISCLOSES–He Notes Sign of Progress But Maintains He Doesn't Want False Hopes–Paris Talks Reported–A Vietnamese Says Saigon And National Liberation Front Are Conducting Private Sessions Now… (6 Apr) NIXON HAS BEGUN PROGRAM TO END WAR IN VIETNAM–Secret Talks and Increased South Vietnamese Effort Called Parts of Plan–Pursuit of Victory Downgraded–Shift in Tactics Would Cut U.S. Casualties and Allow Pullout of Some Troops… "The Nixon Administration has put in motion an essentially secret program of diplomatic and military measures designed to extricate the United States from Vietnam. Officials here confirm the adoption of a new approach to the war but refuse to discuss details."…



C. OTHER HEADLINES FROM THE NYT from the week of 31 March through 6 April 1969… (31 Mar) EULOGY BY NIXON CALLS EISENHOWER GIANT OF HIS TIMES–President Praises General In Talk At Capitol As He Leads U.S. In Tribute–Bier Viewed By Many–Coffin Is Placed In Rotunda After Procession Through Streets of Washington…. NIXON WILL MEET DeGAULLE TODAY–President To Receive Other World Leaders In Capital For Eisenhower Rites.. U.S. IS SAID TO SUGGEST ISRAELIS RETAIN JERUSALEM–Plan Circulated Among Big Four is Depicted As Talking Point… (1 Apr) WORLD'S LEADERS JOIN IN SERVICES FOR EISENHOWER–Simple Rites in Washington Cathedral Hail The General for Invincible Faith–78 Lands Represented–Funeral Train Leaves for Trip to Abilene Boyhood Home of 34th President… PRESIDENT MEETS DeGUALLE, THEN 3 VIETNAM ADVISORS… (3 Apr) PEKING CONVENES PARTY CONGRESS DELAYED 8 YEARS–Parley Follows Long Strtike and Is Expected To Name Lin Piao as Mao's Heir… PRAGUE'S LEADERS IN URGENT PARLEY–Debate Anti-Soviet Violence–2 Moscow Aides Arrive… (3 Apr) ANTI-SOVIET RIOT OF CZECHS BRINGS NEW PRESS CURBS–Party Chiefs, Under Moscow Pressure, Also Criticize Smrfkovvsky, A Liberal Russian Gives Warning–Aide Dispatched by Kremlin Asserts Tanks May Move Against Next Outburst… PEKING CONGRESS HINTS COALITION WITH ARMY ROLE–Listing Of Leaders At Parley Indicates that Moderates and Leftists Will Govern… DEFENSE BUDGET CUTS–Laird's Move Seen As Fiscal Gamble That Fighting in Vietnam Will Decline… (4 Apr) DUBCEK CAUTIONS RIOTS MAY BRING NEW SOVIET MOVE–He Warns The Czechs of Tragic Consequences From Further Incidents…TROOPS PATROL IN CHICAGO AS SLUM VIOLENCE GROWS… (5 Apr) CBS TO DROP SMOTHERS BROTHERS HOUR–Cites Failure to Get Previews… MEMPHIS VIOLENCE MARS KING RITES–Curfew Ordered–Mayor Halts Sale of Alcohol and Guns After Outbreak During March–Youths Hurl Tear Gas–Ministers and Two Choirs Calm City Hall Crowd–Kennedy and Abernathy Speak… (6 Apr) ARMY IS WORRIED OVER INCREASE IN AGGRESSIVE ANTI-WAR MILITANCY… CASSIUS CLAY LOSESS STATUS AS A MUSLIM FOR PERIOD OF A YEAR… Cassius Clay, deposed heavyweight champion of the world, has been stripped of his Muslim name, Muhammad Ali, and expelled from the Nation of Islam for one year, the official Muslim newspaper, Muhammad Speaks, reported today."… SMOTHERS BROTHERS SAY CONTRACT WITH NETWORK WAS NOT BROKEN…"…and they will go ahead and produce their show for CBS for the next season in the conviction that they had not violated any provisions of their agreement with the network. "They will pay whether they play the programs or not," Tom Smothers said."…





II. COMMANDO HUNT I… Humble Host recalls the indelible caution that attended flying over the beach and scenery of Vietnam: "Everybody is shooting at you."… The big stuff was visible as muzzle flashes, tracers and bursts. The small stuff was unseen, but it was always there. Hundreds of aircraft were downed and damaged by the lonely small arms shooters who were everywhere. The following article by a North Vietnamese correspondent is clipped from the 10 October 1972 copy of Nhan Dan, the NVN newspaper. Title:

"THAI BINH BUILDS MANY ADDITIONAL FIGHTING CLUSTERS AND MOBILE FORTIFICATIONS TO WAYLAY UNITED STATES AIRCRAFT"…

"The military headquarters of Thai Binh Province has recently organized a review of experiences and has opened an emulation phase to shoot down many United States planes by a low altitude fire network. The military committee of Tien Hai District met with the various townships to publicize the experiences gained in organizing the 'one hand on the plow, the other on a gun' and the 'one hand holding the fishing net, the other on a gun' military teams, as well as the experiences learned in consolidating the fighting clusters and building more fortifications in those places frequently flown over by the enemy planes. The fighting clusters to hunt aircraft, which were set up in townships C, H, and T, organized into many groups and were equipped with many different types of weapons in order to be able to hit the enemy under every situation.

"In Dong Hung the district military cadres went out to the townships to inspect their preparations for shooting down United States planes and to activate the people to dig trenches and anti-aircraft shelters which meet the specifications, and to assure the proper carrying out of the people's defense work. The anti-aircraft weapons company of the district held a 'preparing to fire' conference to discuss ways for shooting down the United States planes on the spot. The cadres and soldiers made a very thorough and detailed review of the carrying out of the regular procedures, the combat alerts, and the command procedures. At the same time they checked to assure the providing of many more soldiers with fighting experience to do the observing, aiming, and firing."… End quote…

(HUMBLE HOST NOTE: There are good reasons for every citizen owning a gun he and she know how to employ. "One hand on your iPad, the other on your gun.")

ENEMY DEFENSES IN COMMANDO HUNT I OP AREA (LAOS 16-Degrees North to 18-Degrees North) (End of Mar 1969)

Total Positions: 1,562 (all of Laos 2,960)

Manned Poistions: 452 (all of Laos 674)

Guns 37mm and Up: 456 (all of Laos 678)





III. AIRCRAFT LOSSES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA: 31 MARCH–6 APRIL 1969… References include Chris Hobson's VIETNAM AIR LOSSES. During the week ending 6 April the United States lost seven fixed wing aircraft and four fighting hearts…

(1) On 31 March an RA-5C Vigilante of the RVAH-6 Fleurs embarked in USS Enterprise piloted by COMMANDER DANFORTH ELLITHORPE WHITE and Navigator LIEUTENANT RAMEY LEO CARPENTER was lost on a photo reconnaissance mission 30 miles northeast of Nakhon Phanom. The aircraft was observed to explode into a fireball while in a hard starboard turn. There were no chutes or beepers seen or heard and both COMMANDER WHITE and LIEUTENANT CARPENTER were posted as Killed-in-Action. Their bodies were recovered in 1997 and COMMANDER WHITE rests in peace at Arlington National Cemetery. LT. CARPENTER is memorialized at Memorial Cemetery in Lawton, Oklahoma, glory gained, duty done… The RA-5C was either lost to ground fire, which was active in the area, a fuel tank explosion, or a structural failure of the wing.

(2) On 1 April a MISTY F-100F of the 355th TFS and 37th TFW out of Phu Cat was downed by enemy ground fire on a COMMANDO HUNT mission in southern Laos. MAJOR R.G. STANDERFER and LT C.L. VEACH were hit on their second target marking run for a flight of F-4 Phantoms. They ejected near the South Vietnam border and were rescued by a USAF SAR helo. MAJOR STANDERFER was seriously injured on his parachute landing into trees and jungle, but returned to duty flying F-100s with a strike squadron due to his lasting ejection injuries. The strike guys flew shorter missions than the Fast FAC Mistys were flying. …. oohrah…

(3) On 2 April an F-4D of the 390th TFS and 366th TFW out of Danang, piloted by LCOL C.G. FOSTER and WSO 1LT J.P. McMAHON, was downed on a COMMANDO HUNT mission in southern Laos, 20 miles west of Kham Duc. They were making a third dive bombing run on an road intersection when hit by 37mm in the starboard wing. A resultant fire led to their ejection 30 miles southwest of Danang where they were rescued by an Air Force SAR helo to fly and fight again…

(4) On 3 April an A-6A Intruder of the VA-65 Tigers embarked in USS Kitty Hawk piloted by LCDR E.G. REDDEN and BN LT J.F. RICCI was downed on a COMMANDO HUNT mission while working with a Nail FAC near the Mugia Pass. The Intruder was hit in the nose while maneuvering for an attack. The resultant damage cascaded into an engine failure, the inability to jettison weapons, and inability to maintain altitude, forcing both aviators to eject in hostile territory. The heroes of the 40th ARRS made the rescue….

(5) On 3 April an F-105D of the 34th TFS and 388th TFW out of Korat piloted by MAJOR PETER BUGBEE CHRISTIANSON was downed by automatic weapons fire on a mission in northern Laos– BARREL ROLL. MAJOR CHRISTIANSON was executing an attack on a storage unit when hit and while he was able to fly the aircraft away form the target area. HOWIE PLUNKETT, in his extraordinary compilation of F-105 action in Southeast Asia wrote this: "MAJOR PETER BUGBEE CHRISTIANSON 34 TFS pilot ejected but was KIA. A rescue helicopter crew recovered the body. Call sign 'Hatchet 01' …was pulling up from his second pass on his second target. RAVEN 43 (FAC) saw a smoke trail but was unable to contact Hachet 1 on either Guard or tactical frequencies. There was no observation on bailout or descent, nor was the chute beeper heard. Neither voice or beeper contact was established with MAJOR CHRISTIANSON on the ground. The chute was seen on the ground and Jolly Green 71 from the 40th ARRS lowered a pararescueman who reported MAJOR CHRISTIANSON killed in action. His body was recovered."… "Followup evaluation of this incident noted a similarity with injuries received by two other officers in previous attempts to eject from the F-105 with the new rocket seat and force-deployed parachutes… queries led to a Pacific Air Force compilation of related incidents and initiation of studies, but initial analysis did not implicate the egress system as a cause of injury." MAJOR CHRISTIANSON rests in peace in Arlington National Cemetery…

(6) On 4 April an A-4E of the VMA-211 Avengers and MAG-12 out of Chu Lai piloted by 1LT RONALD DEAN LAYTON was downed by ground fire while executing his third attack on a target 20 miles southwest of Danang. 1LT LAYTON did not eject and was killed in action when the Skyhawk flew into the ground a few miles from the target. The young Marine was buried with honors at Fort Logan National Cemetery in Denver…. He came home on his shield… To be remembered with admiration…

(7) On 5 April an F-4D Nightowl of the 497th TFS and 8th TFW out of Ubon was downed by ground fire on a night COMMANDO HUNT mission 35 miles northeast of NKP. The crew of CAPTAIN R. BRANDT and 1LT C.R. KOSTER were hit on their first run on the target and were forced to eject. They were rescued at first light by an HH-43B from the 40th ARRS out of Udorn. Pedro Pilot: CAPTAIN DAN REEDER….





IV… HUMBLE HOST END NOTE… Here are two great collections of songs from the Vietnam War. They are the work of Lydia Fish and the "Vietnam Veteran's Oral History and Folklore Project."…

A. "IN COUNTRY: SONGS OF AMERICANS IN THE VIETNAM WAR" is at…

https://www.vietnam.ttu.edu/reports/images.php?img=/images/1512/15120105002.pdf

B. "THE LONGEST YEAR: A Collection of Songs by Advisors and Civilians in the Vietnam War" is at…

https://www.vietnam.ttu.edu/reports/images.php?imp=/images/044/0440426001.pdf

C. Included in the more than 100 songs in this pair of collections is Toby Hughes' "HO CHI MINH TRAIL" to the tune of "Billy the Kidd."…

Lydia Fish's Notes: "The Ho Chi Minh Trail was a major supply route about three hundred miles long, just inside and parallel to the eastern Laotian border. It started near Vinh in North Vietnam, entered Laos through mountain passes such as Mu Gia or Ban Karai, and ended near Kontum in South Vietnam (about 75 miles northwest of Saigon). In the daytime it was a series of sleepy rural roads and small trails, at night it was, in the words of one pilot who flew there, the Los Angles Freeway without lights. As Toby Hughes describes in this song, the trail was heavily defended with anti-aircraft guns, automatic weapons (ZPU) and, in the latter days of the war, shoulder fired heat-seeking missiles. The pilots who flew there at night ran the additional risk of flying into unseen mountains or succumbing to vertigo."…



"Come along boys, and I'll tell you a tale.

Of the pilots who fly on the Ho Chi Minh Trail.

Of Covey and Moonbean and Nimrod you've heard,

Of Hobo and Spad and old Yellow Bird.



The trucks load in Hanoi and Haiphong by day,

In singles and convoys they start on their way.

South by southwest in an unending stream,

Reaching the border at day's fading gleam.



They stop at Mu Gia or at Ban Karai.

And wait for the last of the daylight to die.

Under cover of night through the pass they set sail,

Out on the roads of the Ho Chi Minh Trail.



As they roll through the darkness, not stopping to rest,

Miles away are the pilots whose skills they will test.

Who'll soon face the darkness, the karst, and the guns,

In the grim cat and mouse game that no one's yet won.



When you fly on the Trail through the dark and the haze

It's a thing you'll remember the rest of your days.

A nightmare of vertigo, mountains and flak,

And the cold wind of Death breathing soft at your back.



But the trucks must be stopped, and it's all up to you,

So you fly here each night to this grim rendezvous.

Where your whole world's confined to the light of the flare,

And you fight for your life just to stay in the air.



For there's many a man who there met his fate,

On the dark roads of Hell, where the grim reaper waits.

Where a man must learn quickly the tricks of his trade,

Or die in the dark for mistakes that he's made.



And there's many a lad in the flush of his youth,

Who's still yet to meet with his moment of truth.

With wings on his chest and the world by the tail,

He'll grow up fast on the Ho Chi Minh Trail."….



HUMBLE HOST also recommends Joseph F. Tuso's SINGING THE VIETNAM BLUES: Songs of the Air Force in Southeast Asia. Absolutely the best collection of songs from the war available in book form. The 149 original songs, including 25 by the number one troubadour–poet musician– of the war, Dick Jonas. This is not just a song book, every song is set amid explanations and remarks by Tuso, who logged 170 missions (77 over the North) as an F-4 WSO. He is a great writer who worked with unique resources to produce a history book for the times. Like the author says: "I do not delude myself that these are great songs, but they are truthful songs, they are historic songs, and they deserve to be preserved. By some people they will be cherished." …. I cherish my copy of the Tuso Song Book…

Lest we forget… Bear



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Thanks to Dutch

Will you survive the coming blackout?

there are some really great fictions based on a cataclysmic event - authors A. American (a series of books); James Wesley, Rawles; and, William R. Forstchen (another series). All are great, easy reads with a theme which, on the blush, may seem quite far-fetched, but on second thought will ring true to possible realities - none of which are good -

look around - inside and outside - threats and preparedness - don't go maudlin - just look and think -

and our glaring vulnerabilities are not to just an EMP or the like -

and our glaring vulnerabilities are not just in the power grid

and our concern need not be for just a cataclysmic event - even Mother Nature could cause a really prolonged "ungood"/ "other" event -

- Dutch



Doug MacKinnon: Will you survive the coming blackout?



By Douglas MacKinnon | Fox News

Retired Navy SEAL breaks down threat of EMP attack on US

There are many never-ending debates between Republicans and Democrats. Impeach vs. don't impeach; capital punishment vs. life in prison; wall vs. no wall; legalizing marijuana vs. not; self-driving cars vs. human drivers; Red Sox vs. Yankees; takeout vs. home-cooked; or Gone With the Wind vs. any other movie.

All of these issues are stunningly important, right up to the second where cataclysm falls and creates a nightmare scenario that so many fear.

That cataclysm is a complete loss of electricity and every mode of convenience and survival we take for granted.

IS NORTH KOREA'S EMP THREAT REAL OR 'SOMETHING OUT OF A JAMES BOND MOVIE'?

The largest red flag on this issue in years just waved in South America. Last weekend, tens of millions of people in Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay found themselves in a complete blackout. In one moment, they had electricity. The next moment, they had none, and they were catapulted back to the 1800s.

The national power grid of the United States is truly a mess held together with, as the joke goes, by not much more than "baling wire and chewing gum."

Only much worse.

People in the 1800s were not dependent upon electricity for their jobs, money, communication, Internet, transportation, education, security, medical services, prescriptions, water, and very lives.

The national power grid of the United States is truly a mess held together with, as the joke goes, by not much more than "baling wire and chewing gum."

The average age of large power transformers in the United States is 40 years. Seventy percent of all large power transformers are at least 25 years old. It's little wonder that, according to data from the Department of Energy, the United States suffers more blackouts than any other nation in the developed world.

The overall system is so weak, so taxed, and so vulnerable that in 2003, over 50 million people in the United States and Canada were hit with cascading blackouts simply because a tree branch fell on a power line in Ohio.

Because the infrastructure is so antiquated, weather triggers multiple blackouts per year in the U.S. Blackouts which collectively cost the nation upwards of $30 billion in spoiled inventory, lost wages, and repair of the grid.

Unfortunately, weather is becoming the least feared trigger of a blackout. In the age of terrorism and increasing cyber-threats, our power-grid getting taken down by a hack is no longer seen as a question of "If it will happen," but rather, "When it will happen?"

The U.S. government is so rightfully fearful of this, that last November, it ordered DARPA (the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) to war-game a complete cyber take-down of the U.S. power grid.

An exercise they are now wisely running on a regular basis.

According to the Department of Homeland Security, just last year, hackers – strongly suspected to be Russian – gained access to a number of utility control rooms in the United States and got to the point where "they could have thrown switches."

In the blink of an eye, you will lose access to money, food, gasoline, communication, medicine, medical attention, heat, air conditioning, and security.

The DHS report further stressed: "Russian government cyber actors targeted government entities and multiple U.S. critical infrastructure sectors, including the energy, nuclear, commercial facilities, water, aviation, and critical manufacturing sectors."

Aside from the Russians, the Chinese, North Koreans, other terrorist states, and even cyber-extortionists, are targeting our power grid on a daily basis.

That clock is ticking.

Unfortunately, much like any large terrorist attack, when an extended regional or national blackout hits, you and your family will be on your own. No one is going to ride to the rescue.

How will you survive?

In the blink of an eye, you will lose access to money, food, gasoline, communication, medicine, medical attention, heat, air conditioning, and security.

Gone.

Even though most don't do it, residents of California and Florida are reminded every year to assemble their "two-week" survival kit. In California, it's because of earthquakes. In Florida, it's because of hurricanes.

Survival kits which include water, non-perishable food, medicine, first-aid kits, batteries, a radio, flashlights, candles, cash, a hand-crank charger, with smaller versions of all for your vehicle and office.

The federal and state governments should be issuing that same reminder to every citizen in the nation about the coming blackout. It truly is not a question of "if," but of "when."

A night on the town for a movie, dinner, a sporting event or a political debate is great fun until none of it matters and your survival is literally at stake.

Make a plan, because you will be on your own.

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