Thursday, June 13, 2019

TheList 5021

The List 5021 TGB

I hope that your week has started well.



Today in Naval History
June 11


During the Korean Expedition, Rear Adm. John Rodgers squadron lands a party of 650 Marines and Sailors to attack and capture Fort McKee (also known as the Citadel), Korea. Fifteen receive the Medal of Honor for their action during the capture of the Korean fort.


USS Memphis (CL 13) arrives at Washington, D.C., with Charles Lindbergh and his plane, Spirit of St. Louis, after his non-stop flight across the Atlantic. Later that day, Lindbergh becomes the first person to receive the Distinguished Flying Cross when President Calvin Coolidge presents the award at the Washington Monument grounds.


F6Fs from TF 58, commanded by Vice Adm. Marc A. Mitscher, begin to intercept and splash Japanese planes in the vicinity of the Mariana Islands, taking the enemy by surprise.


While operating off the Ryukyu Chain, Japan, two Japanese kamikazes attack USS LCS(L)(3) 122. Lt. Richard M. McCool, Jr. organizes a counter attack, downs one of the kamikazes, and damages the second before it crashes into his vessel. Severely wounded and suffering severe burns, he leads his men to fight the fires and rescue crewmembers. For his conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity on this occasion, McCool is awarded the Medal of Honor.


USS Sirocco (PC 6) is commissioned at the Washington Navy Yard, the first commissioning of a Navy ship at that location in 120 years. The sixth of the Cyclone-class patrol coastal boat is currently stationed at Bahrain.


The guided-missile cruiser USS Lake Erie (CG 70) arrives in Colombo, Sri Lanka, to support humanitarian assistance operations in the wake of severe flooding and landslides that devastated many regions of the country.

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

• Today's national headlines include reports that Kim Jong Un's murdered half-brother had been meeting with the CIA and details from the helicopter crash-landing atop a New York City building yesterday.

• The Navy announced on Monday that Sikorsky Aircraft Corp. was awarded a $542 million contract to build six VH-92A Presidential Helicopters reports USNI News.

• U.S. Southern Command announced Monday that USNS Comfort will leave Naval Station Norfolk Friday on a mission to provide medical support to regional partners.

• The International Atomic Energy Agency announced Monday that Iran is ramping up its production of nuclear fuel reports the New York Times.

USN Commemoration of D-Day - 75th Anniversary

Today in History June 11


Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected Holy Roman Emperor.


Henry VIII of England marries Catherine of Aragon.


Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef.


Napoleon Bonaparte takes the island of Malta.


Union forces under General George B. McClellan repulse a Confederate force at Rich Mountain in western Virginia.


Major General Henry W. Halleck finds documents and archives of the Confederate government in Richmond, Virginia. This discovery will lead to the publication of the official war records.


Charles E. Duryea receives the first U.S. patent granted to an American inventor for a gasoline-driven automobile.


King Alexander and Queen Draga of Belgrade are assassinated by members of the Serbia army.


British troops take Cameroon in Africa.


Charles Lindbergh, a captain in the US Army Air Corps Reserve, receives the first Distinguished Flying Cross ever awarded, for his solo trans-Atlantic flight.


William Beebe, of the New York Zoological Society, dives to a record-setting depth of 1,426 feet off the coast of Bermuda, in a diving chamber called a bathysphere.


The Disarmament Conference in Geneva ends in failure.


The Italian Air Force bombs the British fortress at Malta in the Mediterranean.


The Italian island of Pantelleria surrenders after a heavy air bombardment.


U.S. carrier-based planes attack Japanese airfields on Guam , Rota, Saipan and Tinian islands, preparing for the invasion of Saipan.


Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is arrested in Florida for trying to integrate restaurants.


Israel and Syria accept a U. N. cease-fire.


Margaret Thatcher wins her third consecutive term as Prime Minister.


Thanks to NHHC

US Ship Force Levels


This tabulation was compiled from such sources as the Navy Directory (issued at varying intervals to 1941); the Annual Reports of the Secretary of the Navy (issued annually to 1931); Comptroller of the Navy (NAVCOMPT) compilations; Department of the Navy (DON) 5-Year Program, Ships & Aircraft Supplemental Data Tables (SASDT); and records and compilations of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (OP-802K, now N804J1D) Ship Management Information System (now Ship Management System), refined and edited with the assistance of the annual Naval Vessel Register.

For consistent historical comparison, Naval Reserve Force (NRF) and Naval Fleet Auxiliary Force (NFAF) ships, and Military Sealift Command (MSC) fleet support ships, are included in current and recent active totals. Figures, and conclusions drawn from them, would, otherwise, be historically inconsistent, and comparisons would be skewed.

From 1963 through 1974, former guided-missile frigates (DLG/DLGN) are counted under the categories (cruisers, destroyers) to which they were assigned on 30 June 1975: DLG 6 class Became DDG 37 class; DLG 16 class became CG 16 class; DLG 26 class became CG 26 class; DLGN 25, 35, 36 classes became CGN 25, 35, 36 classes.

Surface warfare ship totals do not include submarines, mine warfare, patrol or auxiliaries.


1886-1891 | 1892-1897 | 1898-1903 | 1904-1909 | 1910-1916 | 1917-1923 |
1924-1930 | 1931-1937 | 1938-1944 | 1945-1951 | 1951-1957 | 1958-1964 |
1965-1971 | 1972-1978 | 1979-1985 | 1986-1992 | 1993-1999 | 2000-present


China - Food for Thought!

thanks to Hal - and Dutch R.

This is from my Aussie friend Peter......I will share with my reply.....Hal

Peter, while all this is likely true, China also has some problems. One, when they built the Three Gorges Dam they built a target. Nuke that dam and water 500 feet deep and 500 miles long will flood China. Second, they have a large Indian Army on one side, and Three, Russia is not really a friend. Russia fears China and remember back in the 'sixties they sent their submarine K-129 on a rogue mission to nuke Pearl Harbor and make us think a Chinese Golf diesel-electric submarine did it. They hoped we would retaliate and nuke China. Failed as you recall, which was the work of the Glo-Mar Explorer to recover it, Operation Azorian. China has a growing middle class who want the good life and the good, for one thing. They cordoned off lots of the South China Sea because they have a billion mouths to feed. They aren't cattle ranchers. So all in not well for them...

PS: China has some oil, but it is the largest importer of oil. That is why they are in Venezuela and Nigeria. They even have to buy from Azerbaijan. Another reason they cannot afford to go to war with anyone.


On June 9, 2019 at 5:05 PM Peter Odonnell wrote:

These facts are so interesting it makes one realise where the power is on earth. Interesting is that their only interest in climate change is selling windmills and solar while they produce all these things with cheap electricity by way of COAL supplied by you know who. This doesn't make sense to many of us why we price our goods out of existence with high electricity. Keep smiling !

China has 19% of the world's population, but consumes ...

53% of the world's cement
48% of the world's iron ore
47% of the world's coal
... and the majority of just about every other major commodity.
In 2010, China produced 11 times more steel than the United States.

New World Record:

China made and sold 18 million vehicles in 2010.
There are more pigs in China than in the next 43 pork producing nations combined
China currently has the world's fastest train and the world's largest high-speed rail network. China is currently the number one producer in the world of wind and solar power but don't use it themselves.
While they manufacture 80% of the world's solar panels, they install less than 5% and build a new coal fired power station every week.
In one year they turn on more new coal powered electricity than Australia's total output.

China currently controls more than 90% of the total global supply of rare earth elements.
In the past 15 years, China has moved from 14th place to 2nd place in the world in published scientific research articles.
China now possesses the fastest supercomputer on the entire globe.
At the end of March 2011 China accumulated US $3.04 trillion in foreign currency reserves - the largest stockpile on the entire globe.
Chinese people consume 50,000 cigarettes every second.
They are already the largest carbon dioxide emitter and their output will rise 70% by 2020.

And we think we're saving the planet?
It will not make one iota of difference what we do in Australia, Canada, the United States or anywhere else in the world; for that matter, all the politicians are doing is increasing our cost of living and making our manufacturers uncompetitive in the world market, with the carbon tax, when countries like China are growing and consuming at these extraordinary rates. And we are paying carbon tax to save the World!


Thanks to Mud, Ted and others


NORMANDY, FRANCE (June 6, 1944) Three hundred French civilians were killed and thousands more were wounded today in the first hours of America's invasion of continental Europe. Casualties were heaviest among women and children. Most of the French casualties were the result of artillery fire from American ships attempting to knock out German fortifications prior to the landing of hundreds of thousands of U.S. troops. Reports from a makeshift hospital in the French town of St. Mere Eglise said the carnage was far worse than the French had anticipated, and that reaction against the American invasion was running high. "We are dying for no reason, "said a Frenchman speaking on condition of anonymity. "Americans can't even shoot straight. I never thought I'd say this, but life was better under Adolph Hitler."

The invasion also caused severe environmental damage. American troops, tanks, trucks and machinery destroyed miles of pristine shoreline and thousands of acres of ecologically sensitive wetlands. It was believed that the habitat of the spineless French crab was completely wiped out, thus threatening the species with extinction. A representative of Greenpeace said his organization, which had tried to stall the invasion for over a year, was appalled at the destruction, but not surprised. "This is just another example of how the military destroys the environment without a second thought," said Christine Moanmore. "And it's all about corporate greed."

Contacted at his Manhattan condo, a member of the French government-in-exile who abandoned Paris when Hitler invaded, said the invasion was based solely on American financial interests. "Everyone knows that President Roosevelt has ties to 'big beer'," said Pierre Le Wimp. "Once the German beer industry is conquered, Roosevelt's beer cronies will control the world market and make a fortune."

Administration supporters said America's aggressive actions were based in part on the assertions of controversial scientist Albert Einstein, who sent a letter to Roosevelt speculating that the Germans were developing a secret weapon -- a so-called "atomic bomb." Such a weapon could produce casualties on a scale never seen before, and cause environmental damage that could last for thousands of years. Hitler has denied having such a weapon and international inspectors were unable to locate such weapons even after spending two long weekends in Germany. Shortly after the invasion began, reports surfaced that German prisoners had been abused by American soldiers. Mistreatment of Jews by Germans at their so-called "concentration camps" has been rumored, but so far this remains unproven.

Several thousand Americans died during the first hours of the invasion, and French officials are concerned that the uncollected corpses will pose a public-health risk. "The Americans should have planned for this in advance," they said. "It's their mess, and we don't intend to help clean it up."

The invasion is blamed on Roosevelt's hawkish military advisers and the influence of British Prime Minister Churchill, who have repeated ignored calls for a negotiated settlement to end the war and who have reportedly rejected peace overtures from Germany through several neutral parties. Instead, the Roosevelt administration and its allies have chosen to insist on maintaining their extreme policy of demanding unconditional surrender.

There have been notable voices of opposition from sports figures and celebrities decrying the horrific violence and saying that this is

not who we are.


Thanks to Mugs

"the toughest man on the longest day."

Matt Williams‎ to The M-1 Garand Enthusiasts Group

June 6, 2018

Something you don't often hear about D-day.

Brigadier General, Theodore Roosevelt Jr. the son of President "Teddy" Roosevelt, was the oldest man to hit the beach on the D-day invasion. He was also the highest ranking person to directly participate in the beach landing invasion. He was supposed to be with the other command staff in England. Gen. Roosevelt knew the importance of the mission, he knew much of the invasion force were new, untried soldiers who had never seen combat. His requests to join his men were repeatedly denied, but he persisted, even when his superiors told him he faced near certain death.

He was granted permission after explaining how his presence would inspire confidence in the invasion plan. The Commander of the Allied Forces, General Eisenhower wrote Roosevelt's eulogy before the invasion.

On the morning of the attack, as he requested, Gen. Roosevelt was in one of the lead landing craft. He led his men across the beach to a rally point under heavy fire. Being pinned down, it appeared they were going to be wiped out. Roosevelt took charge and led a move over the sea wall.

At that time, he realized other troops were trapped back on the beach, and cut off. He returned to the beach and led these men to join the attacking force. He repeated this action several times, under heavy fire.

For these actions, he received the Congressional Medal of Honor. The official citation is below:

"For gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on 6 June 1944, in France. After 2 verbal requests to accompany the leading assault elements in the Normandy invasion had been denied, Brig. Gen. Roosevelt's written request for this mission was approved and he landed with the first wave of the forces assaulting the enemy-held beaches. He repeatedly led groups from the beach, over the seawall and established them inland. His valor, courage, and presence in the very front of the attack and his complete unconcern at being under heavy fire inspired the troops to heights of enthusiasm and self-sacrifice. Although the enemy had the beach under constant direct fire, Brig. Gen. Roosevelt moved from one locality to another, rallying men around him, directed and personally led them against the enemy. Under his seasoned, precise, calm, and unfaltering leadership, assault troops reduced beach strong points and rapidly moved inland with minimum casualties. He thus contributed substantially to the successful establishment of the beachhead in France."

What the citation does not say, is that Gen. Roosevelt was a combat veteran of WWI, where he was disabled by being shot through the knee. He required a cane to walk due to his injury. Gen. Roosevelt was 56 years old at the time of the invasion. He literally stormed the beach at Normandy with a cane in one hand and a pistol in the other!

When the beach was secured, later that day, command staff began to arrive. They were met on the beach by Gen. Roosevelt who gave a full report on the invasion operation.

Six days later, Roosevelt died of a heart attack. He is buried in France. He has been called "the toughest man on the longest day."


Thanks to Dr. Rich

D-Day + 75


Some news from around the world

USA—Air Force Grounds Turkish F-35 Pilots Foreign Policy | 06/11/2019 The U.S. has suspended training for Turkish pilots on the F-35 stealth fighter jet ahead of a previously announced deadline, reports Foreign Policy. Last week, Brig. Gen. Todd Canterbury, the commander of the 56th Fighter Wing at Luke Air Force Base, Ariz., grounded the six Turkish pilots training on the next-generation jet. Turkish personnel were also barred from accessing sensitive material related to the aircraft. Some Turkish maintenance personnel are still training at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla., an official told Reuters. In a June 6 letter to his Turkish counterpart, acting U.S Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan said that all pilot training would end by July 31 if Ankara went through with the purchase of the S-400 air defense system from Russia. Canterbury decided to end the training ahead of the deadline to maintain the secrecy of the program, including instructional materials. A Pentagon spokesman confirmed the move. The U.S. has expressed concern that radars used in the Russian system could expose the stealth features of the U.S. jet. Washington has threatened to remove Turkey from the F-35 program entirely if it goes through with the acquisition. Talks are already underway for reimbursement for the F-35s already purchased by Turkey, said Ellen Lord, the under secretary of defense for acquisition and sustainment.

USA—Navy Purchases More BQM-177 Aerial Targets Kratos | 06/11/2019 The U.S. Navy has awarded Kratos Unmanned Aerial Systems a contract for high-performance aerial target and tactical drone systems, reports the defense firm. The $25.4 million deal covers 34 low-rate production Lot 3 BQM-177A subsonic aerial targets. This is the final low-rate production award anticipated prior to the start of full-rate production for the BQM-177, company officials said. Work under the contract is scheduled to be completed by March 2021, according to the Defense Dept.

USA—Another 30 G/ATOR Radars Ordered From Northrop Grumman Northrop Grumman | 06/11/2019 The U.S. Marine Corps has awarded Northrop Grumman a contract for the sixth full-rate production lot of AN/TPS-80 Ground/Air Task-Oriented Radar (G/ATOR) systems, reports the defense firm. The $958 million deal, awarded on June 7, covers 30 radars as well as spare parts and retrofit kits, according to a Pentagon release. The G/ATOR advanced electronically scanned array multimission radar features gallium nitride technology to provide full-sector, 360-degree situational awareness against a range of threats, the company said. Work under the contract is scheduled to be completed by Jan. 13, 2025.

USA—Lockheed Wins $1.8 Billion Deal For Next Phase Of F-35 Program Dept. Of Defense | 06/11/2019 The Naval Air Systems Command has awarded Lockheed Martin a contract to continue work on the Block 4 upgrades for the F-35 Lightning IIstealth fighter, reports the Dept. of Defense. The $1.8 billion deal covers ongoing design maturation and development of Block 4 capabilities in support of the F-35 Phase 2.3 pre-modernization for the Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps and non-Defense Dept. participants, said a Pentagon release on Friday. The award combines purchases for the Air Force ($732.5 million, 40.5 percent); Navy ($371.5 million, 20.5 percent); Marine Corps ($346 million, 19 percent); and non-U.S. DoD participants ($358.6 million, 19.8 percent). Work will take place in Fort Worth, Texas, and is scheduled to be completed in August 2026.

Canada—Air Force Establishes New Occupations In Bid To Boost Retention Royal Canadian Air Force | 06/11/2019 The Royal Canadian Air Force says it has launched new programs to improve retention. The service is trying to stabilize and increase its levels of pilot experience. Among the new initiatives is the creation of a new reserve air operations support technician career field, which will augment force protection capabilities and support aircraft maintenance and search-and-rescue operations, said an air force release on Monday. The new occupation will also enable aviation and search-and-rescue technicians to focus on their primary functions, the service said. There are also plans to set up a regular force air operations officer career field with a focus on non-flying activities to permit more aircrew to return to flightline duties. Other actions include adjusting the restricted release policy and increasing the length of first tours to a minimum of four years, said the RCAF.

South Korea—Navy Takes Delivery Of Upgraded Sub Yonhap | 06/11/2019 The South Korean navy has just received a submarine following two years of modernization, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). On Monday, Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering delivered the upgraded Na Dae Yong to the navy at its shipyard on the southern island of Geoje. During the refit, which began in June 2017, the shipbuilder installed an updated combat management system and a towed array sonar among other improvements, according to the Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA). The new systems will make the boat more effective in under water combat operations, said DAPA officials.

North Korea—Report Alleges Kim Jong Nam Worked With CIA Wall Street Journal | 06/11/2019 The slain half brother of North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un may have been a source for the Central Intelligence Agency, reports the Wall Street Journal. Kim Jong Nam met several times with agency personnel, according to a source said to be knowledgeable of the matter. It is unclear what information, if any, he provided. Kim lived outside of North Korea for several years and was not known to be close to his half-brother's inner circle. Some floated Kim as a possible successor to his brother in case of regime collapse. U.S. intelligence personnel, however, assessed him as unsuited for the role. Kim was assassinated in Malaysia in February 2017 while traveling to meet what Malaysian intelligence believed to be a CIA contact. The two women who participated in the killing say they thought they were involved in a prank. North Korean intelligence is suspected of involvement in the plot.

Philippines—Another Marine Battalion Tabbed For Fight Against Abu Sayyaf Group Manila Bulletin | 06/11/2019 The Philippine navy is preparing to deploy an additional marine battalion to the fight against extremist rebels in the southern Sulu province, reports the Manila Bulletin. Marine Battalion Landing Team 8 will deploy once approval is given from naval leadership, a service spokesman said on Tuesday. The team recently completed nine months of training following a deployment in the northern Cagayan province, said the spokesman. Hundreds of troops have been deployed to Sulu in the last two years to combat the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG). The ISIS-aligned ASG has been active in the Philippines since the 1990s. Authorities strengthened operations against the group following a January bombing on a cathedral in Jojo that killed 20 people.

New Zealand—Air Force Selects C-130J To Replace Aging Cargo Aircraft New Zealand Ministry Of Defense | 06/11/2019 The C-130J Super Hercules has been selected to replace the air force's aging C-130H transports, reports the New Zealand Ministry of Defense. On Monday, Defense Minister Ron Mark said the government would request pricing for five stretched fuselage C-130J-30 aircraft. The transports will be purchased through the U.S. Foreign Military Sales process, he said. The final number of aircraft, detailed costs and funding have yet to be determined. A business case is scheduled to be delivered to the Cabinet in 2020. The Lockheed-made transport was chosen over the Airbus A400M, Embraer KC-390, Kawasaki C-2 and Northrop Grumman-Leonardo C-27J Spartan. The NZ$1 billion (US$660 million) planned purchase bypassed a tender process, noted New Zealand's Stuff news website. Mark said the decision was necessary given the importance of transport and the age of the service's current fleet. "We cannot take risks with what is one of our most critical military capabilities," he said, as quoted by Reuters. The new aircraft could enter service as soon as 2023. New Zealand's NZ$20 billion (US$13 billion) Defense Capability Plan 2019 highlighted replacing the air force's aging Hercules transports as the country's most pressing defense priority, reported 1 News (New Zealand).

Afghanistan—U.S. Air Attack Targets Taliban Special Ops Unit In Nangarhar Province Khaama Press | 06/11/2019 The U.S.-led coalition in Afghanistan has targeted the Taliban's elite Red Unit in the eastern Nangarhar province, reports the Khaama Press (Afghanistan). Nine militants, including two commanders, were killed in the airstrike in the Sherzad district, according to the 201st Silab Corps, which is responsible for the eastern part of Afghanistan. The militants were from Paktia province and had recently come to Nangarhar to conduct terrorist activities, the corps said.

New Zealand—Government Announces Plans To Withdraw Troops From Iraq New Zealand Herald | 06/11/2019 The New Zealand government has decided to end its participation in training operations in Iraq, reports the New Zealand Herald. On Monday, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern confirmed that Cabinet had decided to wrap up the mission by June 2020. The deployment to Camp Taji north of Baghdad will draw down to 75 troops starting in July and to 45 troops in January, she said. Up to 95 New Zealand troops have been deployed to Camp Taji since February 2015 to train Iraqi security forces. Meanwhile, New Zealand has decided to increase its stabilization funding for Iraq from NZ$2.4 million (US$1.6 million) in 2018-2019 to NZ$3 million (US$2 million) annually for the next three years. The government has also decided to keep troops in Afghanistan for at least the next 18 months, reported Stuff, the New Zealand news website. By March 2020, the New Zealand contingent will drop from 13 to 11, with six at the officer academy; two within the Resolute Support Mission headquarters; and as many as three assigned to women, peace and security as well as reconciliation and reintegration, said Ardern.

Afghanistan—U.S. Air Attack Targets Taliban Special Ops Unit In Nangarhar Province Khaama Press | 06/11/2019 The U.S.-led coalition in Afghanistan has targeted the Taliban's elite Red Unit in the eastern Nangarhar province, reports the Khaama Press (Afghanistan). Nine militants, including two commanders, were killed in the airstrike in the Sherzad district, according to the 201st Silab Corps, which is responsible for the eastern part of Afghanistan. The militants were from Paktia province and had recently come to Nangarhar to conduct terrorist activities, the corps said.

India—Air Force Finds Wreckage Of Missing Transport Times Of India | 06/11/2019 The Indian air force says it has found the wreckage of a transport aircraft that went missing last week, reports the Times of India (Mumbai). An air force Mi-17 helicopter spotted the remains of the An-32 10 miles (16 km) north of Lipo, in the western Jharkhand state, the service said on Tuesday. The An-32 went missing over Arunachal Pradesh state on June 3, about 30 minutes after taking off. An air force statement said the wreckage was found at an elevation of about 12,000 feet (3,600 m). Imagery published by East Mojo (Guwahati) showed a hilly, forested location where the plane reportedly went down. The air force is working to establish the whereabouts and condition of the 13 people who were on board at the time, said the air force. Search operations have been hindered by poor weather in the region.

Yemen—2 Houthi Drones Intercepted Near King Khalid Air Base Saudi Press Agency | 06/11/2019 Saudi Arabia says that its air defenses have intercepted two drones over the southern city of Khamis Mushit, reports the state-run Saudi Press Agency. On Sunday, the air defense systems shot down two unmanned aerial vehicles launched by Houthi militants in Yemen, a coalition spokesman said on Monday. There was no damage or casualties as a result of the attack, the coalition said, as reported by Agence France-Presse. A spokesman for the Houthi's military wing confirmed the attack to the Houthi-run Al Masirah television network. The strike targeted weapons, radars and support sites at the King Khalid Air Base, which is near Khamis Mushit, said the spokesman. The militants used Qasef-2K drones to evade U.S. radar systems that defend the base, he said.

Burkina Faso—19 Killed In Latest Round Of Violence Agence France-Presse | 06/11/2019 At least 19 people have been killed in an attack on a village in northern Burkina Faso, reports Agence France-Presse. On Sunday, dozens of armed men attacked a town in the Arbinda district, said a local official. Nineteen bodies were recovered after the attack, said a security source. Prior to the attack, three vehicles were stopped and burned. One driver was killed. It was unclear if the attacks were related. The government convened an emergency meeting to discuss the attack and the country's deteriorating security situation. The Burkinabe military launched a search operation in the area following the incident, reported Reuters. In April, at least 62 people were killed in Arbinda in terrorist attacks and ethnic violence.

Niger—U.S. Armored Vehicle Damaged In Roadside Bombing Africa Command | 06/11/2019 A U.S. armored vehicle has been damaged in a bombing attack outside of a firing range in southwestern Niger, reports the U.S. Africa Command. On Saturday, an American Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected All-Terrain Vehicle (M-ATV) set off an improvised explosive device while entering a firing range near Ouallam. There were no reported casualties in the attack. U.S. and Nigerien troops were in the midst of a training exercise when the bomb went off. The command was investigating whether there was hostile intent behind the explosion, reported

Colombia—2 Soldiers Die In Bombing In Northeast Colombia Reports | 06/11/2019 Two Colombian soldiers have been killed in a roadside bombing in the northeastern part of the country, reports Colombia Reports. Militants from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), which signed a peace agreement with the government in 2015, set off explosives on Sunday as a military convoy was traveling between Tame and Hato Corozal in the Arauca province, said the army's 8th Division. Two alleged guerrillas set off two bombs as the convoy drove by, reported the El Espactador newspaper. Authorities were also looking into whether the ELN terrorist group was behind the attack, the paper said. Both the ELN and rearmed members of the FARC's 10 Front are active in the region, analysts said.

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