Monday, June 24, 2019

CUBA 2.0 Russia warns build-up of US weapons near its borders risks repeat of Cuban missile crisis as Moscow warship docks in Havana


UBA 2.0
Russia warns build-up of US weapons near its borders risks repeat of Cuban missile crisis as Moscow warship docks in Havana
Neal Baker
25 Jun 2019, 0:03
Updated: 25 Jun 2019, 2:12

Neal Baker
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RUSSIA has warned the US its build-up of weapons in Europe risks a repeat of the Cuban missile crisis - as a Moscow warship docked near Havana yesterday.

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said on Monday that US plans to deploy missile systems near the Russian border risks a nuclear standoff on a par with the height of the Cold War.
 Russian warship the Admiral Gorshkov arrives to the port of Havana on Monday - as Moscow warns that the world is on the brink of a repeat of the Cuban missile crisisCredit: EPA
 A US patrol plane flies over a Soviet freighter during the Cuban missile crisis - when the world stood on the brink of nuclear disasterCredit: Getty

The Cuban missile crisis erupted in 1962 when the Soviet Union responded to a US missile deployment in Turkey by sending ballistic missiles to Cuba - just miles from the US coastline.
It sparked a tense two-week standoff that brought the world to the brink of nuclear war.

The crisis was defused when Soviet ships headed for Cuba turned back in the face of a US naval blockade.

Eventually, the Soviet Union agreed to remove its missiles from Cuba in return for the US promising not to invade Cuba.

Washington secretly said it would remove the US missiles from Turkey to avoid a repeat of the near-catastrophe.



We could find ourselves in a situation where we have a rocket crisis close not just to the crisis of the 1980s but close to the Caribbean crisisSergei RyabkovRussian Deputy Foreign Minister



Russia has also been fiercely critical of President Trump's recent withdrawal from the INF arms control treaty.

Mr Ryabkov said yesterday: "If things get as far as an actual deployment on the ground of these sorts of systems, then the situation won't just get more complicated, it will escalate right to the limit.

"We could find ourselves in a situation where we have a rocket crisis close not just to the crisis of the 1980s but close to the Caribbean crisis" - the Russian term for the 1962 Cuban standoff.

Brink of nuclear apocalypse: Timeline of the 1962 Cuban missile crisis when the world stood on the brink of disaster

April 1961: The Soviet Union increases its support for the fledgling communist regime of Fidel Castro in Cuba

Sept 1962: Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev orders the installation of nuclear missiles on Cuba - just miles from the US mainland
Oct 14: US spy planes take photographs over Cuba proving that missile sites are being constructed on the island
October 16: US President John F Kennedy convenes his senior advisers to address the crisis
Oct 18 1961: Installation of Russian medium-range SS-4 missiles on Cuba nears completion. The weapons are capable of reaching Washington DC.
Oct 22: President Kennedy addresses the nation and the world to announce a naval blockage of Cuba. In a chilling warning, Kennedy adds that the United States was ready to retaliate if any Soviet missile was launched from Cuba. All US troops worldwide are put on DEFCON 3 - a heightened state of nuclear alert
Oct 24: The USSR blinks as Soviet ships carrying military equipment to Cuba reverse course as they near the blockade. Khrushchev brands the blockade an "act of aggression"
Oct 25: CIA reports that SS-4 missiles are reader to launch from Cuba. Kennedy considers invading the island
Oct 26: The Soviets offer to dismantle the missiles if the US pledges not to invade Cuba
Oct 27: Khrushchev demands the removal of US missiles from Turkey. A US spy plane is shot down over Cuba, killing the pilot - as war looks imminent. Kennedy pledges not to invade Cuba if the Soviet missiles are scrapped
Oct 28: Khrushchev announces the withdrawal of the missiles in return for a US pledge not to invade Cuba. The dismantling of US missiles in Turkey is kept a secret
Nov 20: The US naval blockade around Cuba is lifted

Russian President Vladimir Putin made similar remarks in February.

He warned that Moscow would match any US move to deploy new nuclear missiles closer to Russia by stationing its own missiles closer to the US.

Earlier that month, the United States said it would withdraw from the Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty with Russia in six months.

It would do so unless Moscow ended violations of the landmark 1987 arms control pact - although Russia denies any violations.
RUSSIAN WARSHIP

The warning came as one of the Russian navy's most advanced warships entered Havana's harbour on Monday.

It docked at the port used until this month by US cruise lines - with tourists seen taking photos of the imposing vessel.

The Admiral Gorshkov - which entered service last year - is armed with cruise missiles, air defence systems and other weapons.

The frigate is based at the Arctic port of Severomorsk and is part of Russia's Northern Fleet.

Explained: What was the Cuban missile crisis?


IN 1962, leaders of the US and Soviet Union engaged in a tense, 13-day political and military standoff over the installation of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles on Cuba.

In a famous TV address, President John Kennedy notified Americans about the presence of the nukes and explained his decision to set up a naval blockade around the island.

He made it clear the US was ready to use force to neutralise the threat to its national security. Following the news, many feared the world was on the brink of nuclear armageddon.

However, disaster was avoided when the US accepted Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev’s offer to remove the missiles in exchange for the US promising not to invade Cuba.

Kennedy also secretly agreed to remove US missiles from Turkey.

It's the first ship in a new class of frigates intended to replace aging Soviet-era destroyers to project power far away from Russian shores.

The ship is accompanied by the logistics vessel Elbrus, the medium sea tanker Kama and the rescue tug Nikolai Chiker, the Russian navy said.


Cuban forces stationed at the entrance to the Bay of Havana greeted it with a 21-gun salute - and the Gorshkov responded with its own salute.

Russia has not provided details about the purpose of its trip.

But the Kremlin has moved to bolster Russia's military capability amid tensions with the West following the annexation of Crimea in 2014. 

The highly advanced Admiral Gorshkov frigate docked in Havana, Cuba - just miles from the US coastlineCredit: Reuters
 Sailors on board the Russian warship gave a salute to their Cuban counterparts as they docked in Havana on MondayCredit: AFP or licensors
 A Russian S-300 air defence system launches a missile during military exercises in a remote area near Astrakhan, Russia, last weekCredit: Reuters
 
President John F Kennedy addressed the nation and the world to warn of Cuban missile threatCredit: Getty Images - Getty

 US spy planes photographed missile sites being erected in Cuba - sparking an international crisisCredit: Handout The Soviets ordered a massive build-up of long-range weapons on Cuba to threaten the USCredit: AP:Associated Press
 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev meeting President Kennedy in 1961 - just a year before the Cuban crisisCredit: AP:Associated Press
 
Cuban revolutionary leader Fidel Castro seized power in 1959Credit: Splash News

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