Friday, May 10, 2019

TheList 4993

The List 4993 TGB


 
To All
I hope that you all have a great Mother's Day weekend.
Regards,
Skip
 
 
This day in Naval History May 10, 2019
1775 American forces under Gen. Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen cross Lake Champlain and capture the British fort at Ticonderoga, New York. The US Navy has honored this action by naming five ships after the battle.
1862 The Norfolk Navy Yard is burned before being evacuated by Confederate forces in a general withdrawal up the peninsula to defend Richmond. Also on this date, Pensacola is re-occupied by Union Army and Navy forces. Confederate forces destroyed the Navy Yard the day before.
1944 USS Cod (SS 224) attacks a large Japanese convoy and destroyer off the west coast of Luzon. USS Silversides (SS 236) attacks a Japanese convoy about 120 miles south-southwest of Guam.
1945 During the Okinawa Campaign, Pharmacists Mate Second Class William D. Halyburton aids a fallen Marine, shields his body, and is mortally wounded. He is posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. USS Halyburton (FFG-40) is named in his honor.
1952 During the Korean War, USS Maddox (DD 731) and USS Laffey (DD 724) fire on railroad targets at Wonson.
1960 USS Triton (SSRN 586), commanded by Capt. Edward L. Beach, completes a submerged circumnavigation of the world in 84 days following many of the routes taken by Magellan.
1993 USS Lake Erie (CG 70) is commissioned at Bath Iron Works in Maine. Two days later, the Ticonderoga-class cruiser sets sail for her homeport at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
 
This day in Naval History May 11, 2019
1862 CSS Virginia is destroyed by Confederates off Craney Island to prevent capture.
1898 During the Spanish-American War, Marines and Sailors from USS Marblehead (C 11) and USS Nashville (PG 7) cut the trans-oceanic cable near Cienfuegos, Cuba, isolating Cuba from Spain. For heroism during this action, 54 Marines and Sailors received the Medal of Honor.
1943 In the Attu Operation, Task Force 16, commanded by Rear Adm. Thomas C. Kinkaid, landed a force of 3,000 US Army troops of the 7th Division in the cold and the mist of the Aleutians.
1945 During the Okinawa Campaign, kamikazes crash into Task Force 58s flagship, USS Bunker Hill (CV 17). As a result, Vice Adm. Marc A. Mitscher transfers his flag to USS English (DD 696), then to USS Enterprise (CV 6) on May 14.
1950 Viking Rocket #4 is launched from USS Norton Sound (AV-11), near the equator, for a successful 106.4 mile vertical flight called Project Reach.
 
This day in Naval History May 12, 2019
1780 The city of Charleston, S.C., falls to the British when Continental Gen. Benjamin Lincoln surrenders during the American Revolution. Three Continental Navy frigates (Boston, Providence, and Ranger) are captured; and one American frigate (Queen of France) is sunk to prevent capture.
1938 USS Enterprise (CV 6) is commissioned. Notable service during WWII include the Doolittle Raid, the Battle of Midway, the Guadalcanal Campaign, Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, the Battle of the Philippine Sea, the Battle of Leyte Gulf, and the Okinawa Campaign, where she was badly damaged by a kamikaze strike.
1942 USS Massachusetts (BB 59) is commissioned. She serves in both the Atlantic and Pacific during World War II, notably participating in Operation Torch, Battle of Leyte Gulf, and the bombing of the Japanese homeland.
1975 SS Mayaguez, a tanker ship, is seized by Khmer Rouge, the Communist party of Kampuchea, and is escorted to Koh Tang Island with her 39 crew. President Gerald Ford sends in Marines who meet heavy resistance, but after crew is found safe, they retreat, although three Marines are inadvertently left behind and killed.
1986 USS David R. Ray (DD 971) deters an Iranian Navy frigates attempt to board SS President McKinley in the Gulf of Oman.
 
 
Thanks to CHINFO
 
Executive Summary:
In today's national headlines China has said it will respond in kind after the Trump Administration raises tariffs on Chinese goods and Chelsea Manning is released from jail after refusing to testify in Wikileaks grand jury. USNI News reports that USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72) is now in the Red Sea after transiting the Suez Canal on Thursday. "ABECSG has been conducting operations in the U.S. 6th Fleet area of operations for several weeks, but expedited their transit to U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) to protect U.S. forces and interests in the region," said a Navy statement. Air Force Times reported on Northern Edge 2019, an upcoming joint exercise that will include about 10,000 troops and 250 aircraft from the Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps, as well as five Navy ships. Additionally, Fifth Fleet commander Vice Adm. Jim Malloy told Reuters that intelligence showing a threat from Iran will not prevent him from sending an aircraft carrier through the Strait of Hormuz if needed.
Today in History May 10
1285

Philip III of Spain is succeeded by Philip IV ("the Fair").
1503

Christopher Columbus discovers the Cayman Islands.
1676

Bacon's Rebellion begins in the New World.
1773

To keep the troubled East India Company afloat, Parliament passes the Tea Act, taxing all tea in the American colonies.
1774

Louis XVI succeeds his father Louis XV as King of France.
1775

American troops capture Fort Ticonderoga from the British.
1794

Elizabeth, the sister of King Louis XVI, is beheaded.
1796

Napoleon Bonaparte wins a brilliant victory against the Austrians at Lodi bridge in Italy.
1840

Mormon leader Joseph Smith moves his band of followers to Illinois to escape the hostilities they experienced in Missouri.
1857

1863

1865

1869

The Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads meet in Promontory, Utah.
1859

French emperor Napoleon III leaves Paris to join his troops preparing to battle the Austrian army in Northern Italy.
1872

Victoria Woodhull becomes first the woman nominated for U.S. president.
1917

Allied ships get destroyer escorts to fend off German attacks in the Atlantic.
1924

J. Edgar Hoover is appointed head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
1928

WGY-TV in Schenectady, New York, begins regular television programming.
1933

Nazis begin burning books by "unGerman" writers such as Heinrich Mann and Erich Maria Remarque, author of All Quiet on the Western Front.
1940

German forces begin a blitzkrieg of the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg, skirting France's "impenetrable" Maginot Line.
1940

Winston Churchill succeeds Neville Chamberlain as British Prime Minister.
1940
 
The Battle of France begins. It ends six weeks later as the British Expeditionary Forces are evacuated at Dunkirk
1941

England's House of Commons is destroyed during the worst of the London Blitz: 550 German bombers drop 100,000 incendiary bombs.
1960

The USS Nautilus completes the first circumnavigation of the globe underwater.
1994

Nelson Mandela is sworn in as South Africa's first black president.
 
 
 
Thanks, Skip, for finding the dust storm day in History.  I was 2 weeks old, in a farm house in Nebraska, and survived because my folks could seal the leaky window sills with wet towels.  Most of our livestock choked to death.  Incidentally, please encourage all your readers to write their own "ego-bios".  Just finished mine . .  Most fun I had in a long time.  Can't find my car keys, but can go back 70 years like it was yesterday.   V/R. Brown Bear
 
 
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1972  LT Randy Cunningham and LTJG Willie Driscoll shot down three North 
Vietnamese MiGs in one engagement to become the United States' first "aces"
of the Vietnam War. 
What the write up missed about Cunningham's 3-MiG kills on that mission was (1) his squadron mate, Matt Connolly & Tom Blonski, shot 2-MiG's off his 6 o'clock; & 2) Cunningham got shot down, ejected, and got picked up and returned to the Connie. All 4 got Navy Cross'. 
Best regards,
Hot Dog sends
Steve Shoemaker and Kieth Crenshaw also got one in    that gaggle. Booger sends
 
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A repeat from the Bear. 'When men choose to go in harm's way to save their brothers in arms
 
ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED … 10 MAY 1968… THE BATTLE OF KHAM DUC… DUTY DONE BY THE AIRLIFTERS AND GLORY GAINED… 
May 10, 2018   Bear Taylor  
RIPPLE SALVO… #796… BEATEN AT KHE SANH THE NORTH VIETNAMESE PULLED BACK IN TO THE LAOTIAN MOUNTAINS TO REGROUP, LICK THEIR WOUNDS, AND LOOK FOR A MORE VULNERABLE OBJECTIVE. The North Vietnamese 2nd Division disappeared off the scopes of American intelligence for more than a month as they closed on the last of the American Special Forces camps at Kham Duc, located close to the Ho Chi Minh trail about 50 miles west of Chu Lai. In April Westmoreland decided to reinforce the outpost with Americal Division troops. A major engagement at the site was assured. The battle is great military reading as a "small engagement" lasting three days, May 10-12, 1968.
Wikipedia: "From the very first day of the struggle at Kham Duc, it was clear that ground units were not prepared for an emergency evacuation, due to the lack of experience in terms of integrating the numbers and types of aircraft in such a small geographical area. U.S. aircrews had to improvise by establishing their own procedures in order to extract both military and civilian personnel from the besieged camp. Despite having lost two C-130 aircraft, U.S. pilots were undeterred from completing their missions, indeed, their bravery was exemplified by LIEUTENANT COLONEL JOE M. JACKSON, USAF, who received the MEDAL OF HONOR for the rescue of the three-man Combat Control Team.
"The U.S. Army lost one killed in action and 71 wounded at Kham Duc and the U.S. Marines lost 12 killed and 21 wounded at Ngok Tavak, a part of the outpost. The combined services reported the highest number of missing in battle in Vietnam with 31 U.S. military personnel reported missing –left behind–in action. Of the 31 missing, 19 were from the 2/1st Infantry: of these, 3 were rescued within 5 days. One was captured and kept as a POW until March 1973, and 15 listed as killed-in-action (9 remains recovered, 6 not recovered). The U.S. lost 9 aircraft: 7 within the vicinity of Kham Duc and 2 helicopters in Ngok Tavak. The PAVA, however, claimed to have killed 300 American soldiers and captured 104 enemy troops, including two American advisors, as well as capturing vast quantities of weapons and ammunition that were left behind. For South Vietnam, several hundred Special Forces and indigenous CIDG soldiers were believed to have been killed, as well as about 150 civilians who perished in the crash of the C-130 airlifter piloted by MAJOR BERNARD BUCHER, who would be awarded the AIR FORCE CROSS, posthumously. The total number of PAVN/VC casualties is unknown, but the U.S. military claimed to have killed roughly 345 soldiers." (Wikipedia source)…
Humble Host veers from Rolling Thunder to honor the brave men of Kham Duc and the Air Force "Troop Carrier" warriors who defied the odds to lift as many of the 1,800 friendlies at Kham Duc out of the hell that the camp became by 12 May, Mother's Day 1968 as was humanly possible. Readers are encouraged to absorb the whole story of a battle that the Americans did not win in Vietnam. Kham Duc was a bloody bad experience made tolerable only by the valor and heroics of the survivors FIFTY YEARS AGO THIS WEEK… For more, link to…
(1) BATTLE OF KHAM DUC …Wikipedia…
(2) COMBAT CONTROLLERS, First in, Last out…
(3) MAP OF AREA CHU LAI WEST TO KHAM DUC… (Vietnam '70-'71-riverrun pictures)
GOOD MORNING… Day SEVEN HUNDRED NINETY-SIX of an old warrior's remembrance of a page of American history 50 years in the past…
 
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Thanks to Dutch R. for forwarding
Thanks to KenP 

Aviation History this week -
Before listing more events under this week's Aviation History, I'd like to remember the May 10 passing of Evelyn Stone Bryan Johnson in 2012. Known as "Mama Bird", between her first solo flight on 8 November 1944 and her retirement from flying in the mid-1990s, she had logged 57,635.4 hours (about 6½ years) in the air, flying about 5,500,000 miles (8,856,683 km) and was the oldest flight instructor in the world. She trained more pilots and gave more FAA exams than any other pilot. Wow! Born in Corbin, KY, on November 4, 1909, "Mama Bird" died at 102 and would have been 110 later this year. http://www.silverwings.org/evelyn-bryan-johnson-mama-bird-flew-west-at-age-102/  
 
May 10 
  • 10 May 1911 – First U.S. Army pilot casualty, 2nd Lt. George Edward Maurice Kelly (1878–1911), London-born, and a naturalized United States citizen in 1902, is killed when he banks his Curtiss Type IV (or Curtiss Model D), Army Signal Corps serial number 2, sharply to avoid plowing into an infantry encampment near the present site of Fort Sam Houston, Texas. The Aviation Camp (aka Remount Station) at Fort Sam Houston is renamed Camp Kelly, 11 June 1917, then Kelly Field on 30 July 1917, and finally Kelly AFB on 29 January 1948. Airframe rebuilt, finally grounded in February 1914, refurbished, and placed on display in the Smithsonian Institution National Air and Space Museum, Washington, D.C. Due to this crash, the commanding officer of Fort Sam Houston bans further training flights at the base, the flying facilities being moved to College Park Airport, College Park, Maryland in June–July 1911. A replica of this airframe is preserved at the National Museum of the United States Air Force.
  • 10 May 1913 – First flight of the Sikorsky Russky Vityaz, or Russian Knight, also called Le Grand, first four-engine aircraft in the world piloted by Igor Sikorsky, first man to fly a four engine powered aircraft.
  • 10 May 1918 – Birth of George Welch (pilot), World War II flying ace, a Medal of Honor nominee, and an experimental aircraft pilot after the war. Welch is best known both for being one of over 17 United States Army Air Forces fighter pilots able to get airborne to engage Japanese forces in the attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • 10 May 1919 — The recently formed Avro Transport Company in Manchester opens Britain's first scheduled air service. A fare of four guineas (£4.20) is being charged for the journey of 50 miles. The company is using four of Avro 504K aircraft, modified to carry two passengers.
  • 10 May 1928 — Air Corps T. C. airship lands on deck of S.S. American Trader near Ambrose Light, New York, transfers cargo and takes off again.
  • 10 May 1935 — Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd returns to the United States from Second Antarctic Expedition.
  • 10 May 1941 – At 2305 hrs. Messerschmitt Bf 110D, Werknr 3868, 'VJ+OQ', appears over Eaglesham, Renfrewshire. Pilot bails out and when challenged by David McLean, Head Ploughman of a local farm, as to whether he is German, the man replies in good English; "Yes, I am Hauptmann Alfred Horn. I have an important message for the Duke of Hamilton". Horn is taken to McLean's cottage where McLean's wife makes a pot of tea, but the German requests only a glass of water. Horn has hurt his back and help is summoned. Local Home Guard soldiers arrive and Horn is taken to their headquarters at the Drill Hall, Busby, near Glasgow. Upon questioning by a visiting Royal Observer Corps officer, Major Graham Donald, Horn repeats his request to see the Duke. Donald recognises "Hauptmann Horn" to be none other than Rudolph Hess. The remains of Hess' Messerschmitt Bf 110 are now in the Imperial War Museum.
  • 10 May 1945 – Sighting a Japanese Kawasaki Ki-45 (Allied reporting name "Nick" fighter flying high over Okinawa, U. S. Marine Corps First Lieutenant Robert R, Klingman in a Vought F4U Corsair gives chase for over 185 miles and intercepts the Ki-45 at 38,000 feet (12,000 m). Finding his guns frozen, he climbs well above the Corsair's service ceiling of 41,600 feet (12,700 m) and cuts off the Kawasaki Ki-45′s tail with his propeller in several passes, causing it to crash. He then belly lands safely at Kadena Air Base on Okinawa. He receives the Navy Cross for the action.
  • 10 May 1946 – First successful launch of an American V-2 rocket at White Sands Proving Ground.
  • 10 May 1961 — A Convair B-58A "Hustler" cruises at a speed of 1,302 mph (2,095 kph) and wins the Blériot trophy, created 30 years ago for the first airplane to maintain a speed of more than 2,000 kph (1200 mph) for more than 30 minutes in a closed circuit.
Note: This may have been John Denver's father who set most of the records in the B-58…skip
  • 10 May 1972 – First flight of the Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II, an American single-seat, twin-engine, straight-wing jet aircraft designed for close air support. The A-10 is a tank killer built around a 30mm hydraulically driven seven-barrel Gatling-type cannon that uses depleted uranium bullets fired at a rate of 4,200 rounds per minute. It's designed to continue flying after sustaining substantial battle damage and is affectionately known as the "Warthog" for its outstanding looks. The A-10 was built in Hagerstown, Maryland.
  • 10 May 1972 — "LineBacker I" offensive of Vietnam War begins.
  • 10 May 1986 – The U. S. Navy selects the F/A-18 Hornet as the official airplane of the Blue Angels. It replaces the Douglas A-4 Skyhawk.
May 11
  • 11 May 1911 — Edouard Niéport, a racing cyclist before he went into aircraft construction, sets a new speed record of 74.4 mph flying his "Nieuport" monoplane powered by a 28-hp engine.
  • 11 May 1918 — AEF received a DH-4, its first American-made airplane.
  • 11 May 1926 — The first airship flight over the North Pole and the first crossing of the Arctic Ocean is made by Roald Amundsen of Norway, Umberto Nobile of Italy, Lincoln Ellsworth of the United States, and their crew in an Italian-built semi-rigid airship, N-1, "Norge".
  • 11 May 1927 — Charles Lindbergh lands his new Ryan airplane, the "Spirit of St. Louis," in St. Louis after a record non-stop overnight flight from San Diego of 14 hours, 25 minutes.
  • 11 May 1934 – First flight of the Douglas DC-2.
  • 11 May 1943 – In Operation Landcrab, American forces invade Attu. With an all-F4 F Wildcat airwing consisting of 26 F4 F-4 fighters and three F4 F-3P photographic reconnaissance aircraft, the escort aircraft carrier USS Nassau (CVE-16) supports operations on Attu until May 20; it is the first time that the U. S. Navy employs carrier-based photographic reconnaissance aircraft and the first time in the Pacific Ocean theatre of World War II of Operations that an escort carrier engages in combat. The U.S. Navy concludes that bombers should be included in future escort carrier air wings to make them more effective in supporting amphibious operations.
 
May 12
  • 12 May 1922 — Boston Airport provided by State of Massachusetts.
  • 12 May 1928 — Lt. Julian S. Dexter, Air Corps Reserve, completes aerial mapping assignment over Florida Everglades. He covered 3000 square miles photographed in two months that required 65 hours of flying time.
  • 12 May 1949 — The USSR ends its blockade of Berlin, Germany; the Western airlift continues to build up supplies in the city.
  • 1953 – First prototype of the Tupolev Tu-95 Bear, Tu-95/1, first flown 12 November 1952, crashes this date NE of Noginsk, Russia, during its 17th flight and burns due to an engine fire in the starboard inner turboprop. When the engine falls off of wing, nine of twelve crew parachute to safety but three are killed, including test pilot Alexey Perelet.
  • 12 May 1963 — American flyer Betty Miller lands in Brisbane, Australia, to complete the first transpacific flight by a woman. She had left Oakland, California, on April 30.
  • 12 May 1964 — American flyer Joan Merriam Smith lands her twin-engine Piper "Apache" to complete the second round-the-world flight by a woman having taken 56 days to complete the circumnavigation after experiencing some en route delays. (The first woman to fly solo around the world departed Ohio two days after Smith departed California, yet completed the trip three weeks earlier flying a single-engine 1953 Cessna 180 with a fuel range of 3500 miles. When Geraldine "Jerrie" Mock heard of Smith's departure, she moved hers up by two weeks and departed on March 19. After 29 days, 11 hours and 59 minutes and 37,180 km (23,103 miles), Mock touched down at Port Columbus, Ohio, airport at 9:36 pm on April 17 to become the first woman to fly around the world. She was met in Columbus by the governor, FAA Administrator Najeeb Halaby and several thousand people who eagerly awaited her arrival.)
  • 12 May 1964 – Jackie Cochran sets a new women's airspeed record of 1,429 mph (2,300 km/h) in a F-104 Starfighter.
  • 12 May 2009 – Launch: Space Shuttle Atlantis STS-125 at 18:01:56 UTC. Mission highlights: Last Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission (HST SM-04). Final Non-ISS flight.
  • 12 May 2010 – Death of Walker Melville "Bud" Mahurin, American WWII and Korean war fighter ace, and the only USAF pilot to score in both the European and Pacific Theaters and the Korean War.
May 13
  • 13 May 1911 (USA) — Lieutenants H. H. Arnold and T. D. Milling become first Wright School Army pilots.
  • 1912 – King George V of the United Kingdom approves the formation of the Royal Flying Corps.
  • 13 May 1922 (Philippines) — Five airplanes from Paranaque Beach, Manila, Philippine Islands, led by Major B. Q. Jones, United States A.S., Air Officer of Philippine Department, greets Prince of Wales on arrival at Manila.
  • 13 May 1927 (USA) — Colonial Air Transport offers a sightseeing trip from Teterboro, New Jersey, around New York City for just $8, less than the price of a similar trip in a taxi.
  • 13 May 1934 – US airmail pilot William John "Jack" Frye sets a new United States coast-to-coast record, carrying mail from Los Angeles to Newark. The journey is completed in 11 hours 31 min with a Douglas DC-1.
  • 13 May 1940 (USA) — The first successful free flight of a true helicopter is made by Igor I. Sikorsky's single-rotor VS-300.
  • 13 May 1946 (USA) — Federal Aid Airport Bill signed by President Truman.
  • 13 May 1957 – Three USAF North American F-100 Super Sabres set a new world distance record for single-engine aircraft by covering the 6,710 mi (5,835 nmi, 10,805 km) distance from London to Los Angelesin 14 hours and 4 min. The flight was accomplished using in-flight refueling.
  • 13 May 1982 – Braniff International Airways' president Howard D. Putnam announces the airline has filed for protection under bankruptcy laws, and the airline's fleet of 71 aircraft is grounded.
  • 13 May 2011 – The first Solar Impulse aircraft, HB-SIA, the first solar-powered aircraft capable of both day and night flight thanks to its batteries charged by solar power, makes its first international flight, flying 630 km (391 miles) from Payerne Airport outside Payerne, Switzerland, to Brussels Airport in Belgium, in 12 hours 59 minutes at an average speed of 50 km/hr (31 mph).
 
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This man was the object of Shadow's fine tribute yesterday.
Thanks to Grant for more on Captain Turnbull. Hand Salute
More on Fred!    http://www.light-headed.com/f/
 
 
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The forgotten realities of World War II
Without the U.S. contribution, fascism would have won
By Victor Davis Hanson - - Wednesday, May 13, 2015
May 8 marked the end of World War II in Europe 70 years ago — a horrific conflict that is still fought over by historians.
More than 60 million people perished — some 50 million of them in Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union and China.
The prewar Soviet state in the 1920s and 1930s had killed perhaps 20 million of its own citizens in purges, exiles, collectivizations, forced famines and show trials. Then it lost an estimated 25 million soldiers and civilians to the German army on the Eastern Front. Hitler's Germany by late 1942 had occupied almost 1 million square miles of Soviet ground.
The Soviet Red Army would eventually be responsible for three-quarters of Germany's World War II casualties, but at a cost of approximately 9 million dead of its own combatants. Nevertheless, the Allied defeat of the Axis powers is more complicated than just the monumental and heroic sacrifice of the Soviet soldier.
World War II started largely because the Soviet Union had assured Hitler that the two powers could partner up to divide Poland. With his eastern rear thus secure, Hitler then would be free to fight a one-front war in the West against the European democracies.
The Soviet Union only entered the war after it was double-crossed by Hitler in June 1941. Before the surprise German invasion, the Soviets had supplied Germany with substantial fuel, food and metals to help it bomb Great Britain into submission. For all practical purposes, Russia had been Nazi Germany's most useful ally.
Duplicitous Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin at one time or another both fought against and followed non-aggression arrangements with every Axis power — Germany, Italy and Japan. In contrast, the United States was the only major power of the war that did not start fighting until it was directly attacked.
The war in Europe was not just won with Soviet blood. When World War II started, America was isolationist and the Soviet Union collaborationist. After the fall of France in June 1940, Great Britain until June 1941 alone faced down the huge Nazi Empire that ranged from the Arctic Circle to the Sahara desert. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill's steadfast leadership, Britain's superb air force and its indomitable Royal Navy ensured that even when outnumbered, isolated and bombed, England would be unconquerable.
Once the United States entered the war after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Axis cause was largely doomed. America mobilized 12 million soldiers — about the same number as did the Soviet Union, despite having a population of about 40 million fewer citizens.
American war production proved astonishing. At the huge Willow Run plant in Michigan, the greatest generation turned out a B-24 heavy bomber every hour. A single shipyard could mass-produce an ocean-going Liberty merchant ship from scratch in a week.
In just four years, the United States would produce more airplanes than all of the major war powers combined. Germany, Japan, Italy and the Soviet Union could not build a successful four-engine heavy bomber. America, in contrast, produced 34,000 excellent B-17s, B-24s and B-29s.
By 1944, the new U.S. Navy had become the largest in the history of civilization at more than 6,000 ships. Its B-29 heavy bomber program and Manhattan Project efforts together cost more $50 billion in today's dollars.
America sent troops throughout the Pacific islands, and to North Africa, Italy and Western Europe. The United States staged two simultaneous bombing campaigns against Germany and Japan while conducting surface and submarine campaigns against all of the Axis powers.
At the same time, the United States supplied the Soviet Union with 400,000 heavy trucks, 2,000 locomotives, 11,000 railcars and billions of dollars worth of planes, tanks, food, clothing and strategic resources. By 1943-44, the U.S. also supplied about 20 percent of Britain's munitions.
If the measure of wartime success is defined by quickly defeating and humiliating enemies at the least cost in blood and treasure, then America waged a brilliant war.
Of the major powers, only America's homeland was not systematically bombed. It was never invaded. While its 400,000 fatalities were a terrible cost of victory, the United States lost the smallest percentage of its population of any major power.
By late 1944, the American M1 rifle, B-29 heavy bomber, P-51 Mustang fighter, Gato-class submarines, Essex-class aircraft carriers and Iowa-class battleships were the best weapons of their class.
America did not win World War II alone. But without the United States, the war against Axis fascism would have been lost.
Victor Davis Hanson is a classicist and historian with the Hoover Institution at Stanford University.
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This was a group of P-38 pilots in WWII… a Great Story
 
Thanks to Old Bandit.   We have had earlier versions of this before in the list and it is still inspiring
Where do we get such men?
Well worth the time.
 
From Moon, a good friend.
 
Before you <click> on the link below, know it's about 13 minutes long, an eternity in today's sound-bite world!!!  I found it to be a very moving video honoring the 88,000 American airmen killed in WWII…it is truly a superbly done tribute to pilots who died in the war. The gentleman who did the sculpture was the "last man standing" in the group he flew with … he began the project at the age of 90 … where do we get such men!!!
mOOn out!!!
 
 
--
The reason that the American Navy does so well in wartime, is that war is chaos, and the Americans practice chaos on a daily basis." -- Grossadmiral Karl Donitz, Kriegsmarine
 
 
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Trump flips circuit courts dominated by Democrats
Appointees to reshape bench for generation
BY ALEX SWOYER THE WASHINGTON TIMES
The Senate confirmed Michael Park to be a judge on the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals on Thursday, making him the 39th circuit court judge to be confirmed under President Trump in a process on a record pace that is steadily reshaping the bench.
Judge Park joins Joseph Bianco, confirmed earlier this week, on that bench, bringing the number of Republican-appointed active judges on the chief 2nd Circuit panel to six.
With two more vacancies by this summer as judges take senior status, Mr. Trump will soon have a chance to flip control of the circuit, which currently has seven Democratic appointees.
Mr. Trump flipped the 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals earlier this year, taking it from a 7-4 Democratic edge in judicial appointees in 2017 to a 7-6 Republican edge among active judges.
The circuit courts are below the Supreme Court but, because so few cases end up before the justices, the circuits are where many consequential cases are decided.
That makes Republicans' focus on circuit judge confirmations huge, both sides say.
"It's a generational change. This president is reshaping the courts for a generation, and thank goodness that he is because we need pro-Constitution, rule-of-law judges. It's an extraordinary opportunity," said Sen. Josh Hawley, a Missouri
Republican who joined the Judiciary Committee this year.
Eleven circuits cover specific regions of the country. The 2nd Circuit, for example, has jurisdiction over Connecticut, New York and Vermont. The 9th Circuit handles cases in Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon and Washington.
One circuit has specific jurisdiction over the District of Columbia and handles many cases directly involving the federal government. Another, the Federal Circuit, hears cases on specific topics.
Before Mr. Trump took office, Democrats had a 90-71 advantage in appointments of active judges among all the circuits. Republican-appointed judges now lead by a 90-83 margin.
Democrats say Mr. Trump has moved too hastily by putting people on the bench who shouldn't be there.
"The 2nd Circuit has a really deeply entrenched tradition of having great jurists, and unfortunately Trump has broken that," said Sen. Richard Blumenthal, Connecticut Democrat.
Mr. Blumenthal said he wants a bigger say in Mr. Trump's choices for his state's circuit and that Connecticut has a judicial selection committee to make recommendations.
"We have been in touch with the White House, and I'm very hopeful they will respect the recommendations that we make," he said.
Mr. Trump crossed the mark for 100 judicial confirmations last week, which is not a record. Most of those are at the district court level.
Where Mr. Trump has set records is the circuit courts, where Judge Park was the 39th confirmation.
President Obama had seated 18 federal appeals court judges at this point in his tenure.
Mr. Trump has also won confirmation of two Supreme Court justices.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch Mc-Connell, Kentucky Republican, has been instrumental in shepherding the president's nominees. He called the judicial confirmations his top priority.
He has used the "nuclear option" twice to alter Senate rules to facilitate confirmations, first to lower the threshold for overcoming a filibuster of Supreme Court picks and this year to cut the amount of time allowed for post-filibuster debate on district court nominees.
Mr. McConnell said, though, that Democrats are still creating roadblocks. He pointed to Judge Bianco, who was confirmed on a 54-42 vote.
"So are we looking at a controversial person? Are we looking at an individual that senators agonized over and painstakingly studied? Judge Bianco brings a unanimous 'well-qualified' rating from the ABA. He's already served as a judge for 13 years in the Eastern District of New York," Mr. McConnell said.
"Oh, and by the way, he was confi rmed to that position by voice vote," the majority leader said.
Mr. McConnell pointed out that one of those supporters 13 years ago was Senate Democratic leader Charles E. Schumer of New York, who called Judge Bianco "outstandingly qualified and well respected."
"Fortunately, at the end of the day, the outcome is the same. Judge Joseph Bianco, along with a slate of other wellqualifi ed nominees, is now on the job," Mr. McConnell said.
Democrats said Mr. McConnell and the Senate's Republican majority are trying to pack the courts with judges they say are outside the mainstream to further the president's political agenda.
"Their goal in life practically is to change as many of the circuits to have all of these ideologically oriented judges sitting there for life," said Sen. Mazie K. Hirono, Hawaii Democrat.

Copyright (c) 2019 Washington Times , Edition 5/10/2019
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Comments from a Marine on Greg Boyington. This seemed to sum up the other comments as well
 
    Below is copied from "The List", and I am sharing it in the event that you haven't seen it.  I found it to be of extreme interest particularly the part about Greg Boyington.  If you don't want to read all of this, just scroll down about 2/3ds of the way to see the comments about him.
    I've read a lot about Boyington and heard some of him from old time Marines who knew him when I was a 2dLt.  Actually I read a lot about him in a book I just finished yesterday, The Flying Tigers, by Sam Kleiner, damn good history.  No time in the past almost 60 years did I hear or read of anyone who had something decent to say about the man.  The book described him often as a boor, an ill tempered drunk, and unliked by everyone.  He was never able to hold a job after the war and survived by from to time refereeing wrestling matches until a TV producer paid him to make an awful short lived series called Ba Ba Black Sheep.  The veterans of VMF-214 asked Boyington why he sold them all down the tube by a agreeing to allow such a terrible stupid depiction of their squadron.  He told them he needed the money.
 
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United Nations—New Program Aims To Find Suspected Terrorists On The Move U.N. News Center | 05/10/2019 The United Nations has launched a new program intended to improve the tracking of suspected terrorists, reports the U.N. News. The Countering Terrorist Travel Program was launched on Tuesday at the U.N. Headquarters in New York. The program was developed in response to the fall of the Islamic State's self-declared caliphate in Iraq and Syria and the thousands of foreign fighters who are now attempting to return home or escape to other safe havens, the U.N. said. The new initiative collects, identifies and analyzes passenger data to improve the detection of militants and serious criminals. U.N. counterterrorism agencies and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) will work together to provide countries with free access to advanced "goTravel" software to help them detect and disrupt terrorist movements. The software is a modified version of a system donated by the Netherlands. The U.N. will also help national authorities develop legislation and national expertise to use the software lawfully and effectively.  
 
USA—Trump To Nominate Shanahan To Lead Defense Dept. National Public Radio | 05/10/2019 President Donald Trump will nominate acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan as secretary of defense, reports NPR News. White House Press Secretary Sarah Sanders announced the decision on Thursday.  Shanahan accepted the nomination, emphasizing that if confirmed by the Senate he would continue to aggressively implement the administration's National Defense Strategy, reported Defense News.  Shanahan has served as acting secretary for more than four months, the longest such temporary appointment since the Defense Dept. was created in 1947.  The announcement came about two weeks after an internal watchdog cleared him of allegations that he had favored his former employer, Boeing, in deals with the Pentagon. Shanahan served as deputy defense secretary after joining the administration in 2017 and took over the torp post after James Mattis resigned late last year.  Insiders say he is likely to remain more focused on internal Pentagon matters while leaving foreign policy decisions to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and National Security Adviser John Bolton, reported the Washington Post.   
 
USA—New Variant Of Hellfire Missile Designed To Minimize Collateral Damage Comes To Light  Wall Street Journal | 05/10/2019 The U.S. has fielded a specially designed missile to kill suspected terrorists with minimal collateral damage, reports the Wall Street Journal.  Current and former U.S. officials told the newspaper that the AGM-114R9X Hellfire missile carries an inert warhead and an array of six blades that deploy through the missile just before impact.  Use of the weapon is limited to situations where the risk of civilian casualties is high and a single individual is targeted, officials told the newspaper.  Both the CIA and military are believed to have access to the system.  Development of the modified Hellfire may have begun as early as 2011. The military has employed it only "about a half-dozen times," including on targets in Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Syria and Yemen, sources said. It was not clear if this included CIA strikes with the weapon, noted the War Zone website.  There have been at least two confirmed strikes using the missile: the January 2019 killing of Jamal al-Badawi, who was accused of plotting the bombing of the USS Cole in 2000; and the killing of Al-Qaida second-in-command Ahamd Hasan Abu Khayr al-Masri in Syria in February 2017.  
 

USA—Justice Dept. Seizes N. Korean Ship Caught Smuggling Coal Dept. Of Justice | 05/10/2019 The U.S. has taken possession of a North Korean ship accused of violating U.S. and U.N. sanctions, reports the Justice Dept.  The Wise Honest was stopped in April 2018 off the coast of Indonesia carrying large amounts of coal from North Korea to American Samoa in violation of sanctions.  On Thursday, the Justice Dept. announced that it had filed a civil forfeiture complaint against the Wise Honest.  It is the first time the U.S. has seized a North Korean ship for violating U.N. sanctions, said prosecutors. The U.N. banned Pyongyang from exporting coal in 2017, reported the Washington Post.  The 17,000-ton vessel was Pyongyang's second-largest for carrying bulk cargo, said U.S. officials.  From November 2016 to April 2018, the ship was used to export coal for hard currency and import heavy machinery, said prosecutors. Payments for the maintenance and modernization of the ship were made in U.S. dollars through unwitting U.S. banks, said the Justice Dept.  
 
 
 
USA—Air Force To Buy More Light Attack Aircraft For Testing Defense News | 05/10/2019 The U.S. Air Force has announced plans to buy additional A-29 Super Tucano as it continues its experiments with light attack aircraft, reports Defense News. On Wednesday, the service said it planned to sole source the aircraft from Sierra Nevada Corp. and Brazilian firm Embraer. A similar solicitation for Textron's AT-6 Wolverine will be forthcoming, said an Air Force spokeswoman. A final solicitation for the A-29 is anticipated this month, with contract award to come by the end of the fiscal year, according to a notice issued on Wednesday. The service plans to buy two to three of each aircraft for additional trials at Nellis Air Force Base, Nev., and with the special operations community at Hurlburt Field, Fla. Earlier this year, the Air Force said it was unprepared to move the light attack program from the experimental phase into a program of record. Some experts have accused the service of slowing the project in the hopes of seeing it canceled. Gen. David Goldfein, the Air Force chief, says future experiments will help the service identify the light attack capabilities that it and foreign countries need. A procurement decision could be made in the fiscal 2022 to fiscal 2024 timeframe.
 
 
Indonesia—ISIS-Affiliated Bombmaker Arrested Outside Jakarta Xinhua | 05/10/2019 The anti-terrorism unit of Indonesia's national police force has arrested the alleged leader of an Islamic State-linked terrorist cell, reports Xinhua, China's state news agency. The militant, known as Rafli, headed a terrorist cell in Bekasi outside of Jakarta, a police spokesman said on Thursday. Rafli was also accused of financing terrorist acts and recruiting militants. The cell in Bekasi, said to be part of the Jemaah Ansharut Daulah (JAD) group, assembled powerful bombs that used triacetone triperoxide (TATP), an explosive colloquially known as the "mother of Satan." The police said that they had arrested six alleged militants in Bekasi and foiled a suicide bombing plot over the last week.     
 
New Zealand—Counterterrorism Drill With U.S. Halted After Fatal Accident New Zealand Herald | 05/10/2019 The New Zealand army has called off a joint exercise with the U.S. after the accidental death of a soldier, reports the New Zealand Herald.  Lance Cpl. Nicholas Kahotea of the 1st New Zealand Special Air Service Regiment died on Wednesday following an accident at the SAS training facility at Ardmore, said army chief Maj. Gen. John Boswell.  Kahotea was jumping from a helicopter onto a building but missed, falling several stories to the ground, said unnamed sources cited by the newspaper.  The accident occurred on the first night of two-week exercises with the U.S. Army Special Operations Aviation Regiment, reported Stuff (New Zealand).  An investigation has been opened into the incident.    
 
 
Iraq—8 Killed In Suicide Bombing At Baghdad Market Kurdistan 24 | 05/10/2019 At least eight people have been killed in a suspected suicide bombing in a predominately Shi'ite neighborhood of Baghdad, reports Kurdistan 24 (Iraqi Kurdistan).  On Thursday, an explosion struck the Jameela market in Sadr City, killing eight and injuring 15, according to preliminary reports.  The Operations Command in Baghdad, the military command overseeing the capital, said it was a suicide attack, reported Agence France-Presse. A medical source told the news agency that the nearby Al-Kindi hospital had received eight bodies.  ISIS released a statement claiming responsibility for the attack, reported the National (Abu Dhabi).  A police officer told Reuters that the blast was the result of the destruction of a suspicious package in a controlled explosion. There were no casualties, he said.  The officer said statements about a terrorist attack were released in error.    
 
Nigeria—Boko Haram Kills 9 In Push Toward Maiduguri This Day | 05/10/2019 Boko Haram attack toward Maiduguri, the capital of Nigeria's northeastern Borno state, has been repelled at the cost of nine fatalities, reports This Day (Lagos). On Wednesday, the militants killed nine people and burned the villages of Molai and Bukarti outside of the state capital, said unnamed sources. The terrorists destroyed a power transmission station and stole a military gun truck stationed there, residents told the newspaper. Nigerian troops fought off the militants on the outskirts of Maiduguri, the army said.     
 
Cameroon—Government Touts Progress In Demobilizing Militants Cameroon Tribune | 05/10/2019 The Cameroonian government says it has made good progress in disarming Anglophone rebels and Boko Haram fighters over the last five months, reports the Cameroon Tribune. On Tuesday, the management board of the National Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Committee (NDDRC) held its first meeting, chaired by Prime Minister Joseph Ngute. The committee said that it currently has 35 former militants in Bamenda, the capital of the Anglophone Northwest region; 21 in Buea, the capital of the Anglophone Southwest region; and 109 in Mora in northern Cameroon. In addition, hundreds of former fighters have laid down their arms, committee officials said. Some analysts have questioned the government's claims, reported the Voice of America News. Weapons shown off by the government were of local make and generally employed by criminals, while the rebels and terrorists are typically armed with military weapons, said analysts with the human-rights group Cameroon Watch. Cameroon has been battling English-speaking separatists in the Northwest and Southwest regions as well as Nigeria-based Boko Haram terrorists.     
 
Colombia—Dissident FARC Members Suspected In Killing Of Filmmaker British Broadcasting Corp. | 05/10/2019 A Colombian filmmaker has been killed while making a documentary about survivors of violence in northeastern Colombia, reports BBC News.  Mauricio Lezama was shot dead on Thursday while conducting interviews with people in the Arauca department, which borders Venezuela.  A man assisting the filmmaker was also injured.  Gov. Ricardo Arevalo blamed the attack on a splinter group of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). The department is a known center for drug-smuggling. There are an estimated 1,700 suspected dissident FARC members in Arauca, along with National Liberation Army (ELN) fighters, both of whom are involved in the drug trade, noted Agence France-Presse.                                                                                                                         
 


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