Wednesday, May 8, 2019

The List 4991

The List 4991 TGB

To All,

A bit of history and some tidbits.



This day in Naval History May 8, 2019

1863 USS Flag, commanded by Cmdr. James H. Strong, captures schooner Amelia while attempting to run the blockade out of Charleston.

1911 Capt. Washington I. Chambers prepares the requisition for the first US Navy airplane, the Triad A-1, marking the birth of Naval Aviation.

1919 Seaplane Division One, comprised of three NC flying boats, takes off from Naval Air Station, Rockaway, New York for Halifax, Nova Scotia, on the first leg of a projected Transatlantic flight.

1942 The Battle of the Coral Sea ends with the Japanese retiring from the area and calling off the Port Moresby amphibious operation. During battle, SBDs from USS Lexington (CV 2) and USS Yorktown (CV 5) damage the Japanese carrier Shokaku and force her to retire.

1945 The unconditional surrender of Germany was ratified by Allies in Berlin. This event is remembered as V-E Day!

1963 - Navy ships evacuate 2,279 civilians from Haiti during crisis.

1972 - U.S. Navy and Marine Corps aircraft mine Haiphong Harbor in North Vietnam.

1945 V-E Day is celebrated in America and Britain

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:
Today's national headlines include a shooting at a Denver school just miles from Columbine and an explosion at a factory in Illinois. Undersecretary of the Navy Thomas Modly reinforced the importance of the "Education for Seapower" study during a breakfast address at Sea-Air-Space 2019 reports Seapower Magazine. "We cannot take our eye off the ball in developing people," said Modly. Seapower Magazine reports that Assistant Secretary of the Navy for research, development and acquisition James Geurts told reporters at that an upcoming meeting between Navy leaders and industry officials would focus on integrating the production of the Columbia-class ballistic missile submarine and the future Virginia-class attack boats. Additionally, Vice President Mike Pence announced that USNS Comfort will be deployed in June on a five-month humanitarian mission to the Caribbean, Central America and South America to provide aid to Venezuelan refugees.

Today in History
May 8


Jack Cade's Rebellion–Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI.


Hernando de Soto discovers the Mississippi River which he calls Rio de Espiritu Santo.


An act of supremacy defines Queen Elizabeth I as the supreme governor of the church of England.


The United States Post Office is established.


The first major battle of the Mexican War is fought at Palo Alto, Texas.


General 'Stonewall' Jackson repulses the Federals at the Battle of McDowell, in the Shenendoah Valley.


Union troops arrive at Spotsylvania Court House to find the Confederates waiting for them.


Atlanta pharmacist John Pemberton invents Coca Cola.


China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki.


U.S. Marines land in Tangier, North Africa, to protect the Belgian legation.


The first transatlantic flight by a navy seaplane takes-off.


Mahatma Gandhi—actual name Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi—begins a hunger strike to protest British oppression in India.


German commandos in Dutch uniforms cross the Dutch border to hold bridges for the advancing German army.


The Battle of the Coral Sea between the Japanese Navy and the U.S. Navy ends.


The final surrender of German forces is celebrated as VE (Victory Europe) day.


Allied fighter-bombers stage the largest raid of the war on North Korea.


President Dwight Eisenhower orders the National Guard out of Little Rock as Ernest Green becomes the first black to graduate from an Arkansas public school.


Boxer Muhammad Ali is indicted for refusing induction in U.S. Army.


The Soviet Union announces it will not participate in Summer Olympics planned for Los Angeles.


Jacques Chirac is elected president of France.



Thanks to Dr.Rich

I just returned from my 50th medical school reunion at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston …. We had a day and a half of "classes", and Dr. Carl June, from the Univ. of Pennsylvania, gave one of the most interesting presentations I've ever heard … about "CAR T Cells", which I'd barely heard of in 50 years of practice …

Here ... take a look and a listen .. I think you will be fascinated and inspired with what he, and his team, are doing …

CAR T therapy is now being studied in many diseases that were previously incurable .. like Sickle Cell Disease … with amazing results.

Some more information if you're interested:






From the Archives
Thanks to Bob


Many will say that those who fought ,one year, WW11 from June 6,1944 to May 1945 made-up the greatest generation, granted casualties in WW11 were much higher, but the 10 years of Vietnam took a much higher toll on America and it's allies. We won both wars battles, but the scars of Vietnam remain until today, and in my opinion, no greater accolades should be bestowed on any veterans, than those of Vietnam. Unappreciated by the American public, betrayed by the American government's corrupt politicians, sent into battle with inferior weapons, AR-15, Laws anti armor, etc. Our soldiers never lost a battle. Despite these handicaps, this generation of soldiers were the best we ever fielded.

Watch this video, narrated by Sam Elliott.

In case you haven't seen this, it is a powerful tribute to our generation of Vietnam veterans.

Vietnam, 50 years later…



this is great! - thanks to THE Bear -

Dutch... my post today will be corrected to suggest a look at this set of pix found among my 42 "links" vice the "photo gallery"... I'm working with a 84 year old mind... it screws up once in a while... in any case, to understand Commando Hunt you have to know the territory and these pix are world class photography... Bear

Ho Chi Minh trail past and present, hundreds of present day photos of the Ho Chi Minh Trail | Laos GPS Map

inside turret Russian BDRM wheeled tank,The BRDM-2 has a crew of four; a driver, a co-driver, a commander, and a gunner. It has two pairs of chain-driven belly wheels lowered by the driver, which allow trench crossing just like its predecessor, and a centralized tire pressure regulation system, which can be used to adjust the tire pressure of all four tires or individual tires while the ...


Thanks to Bull and Mud. A couple of flying stories that ended well

I had somewhat of a similar experience with a loss of juice.

This Mud Marine is not a military pilot, but I've owned my own airplanes one of which was N4281S, a Beech A-35 Bonanza. The distance from Memphis International Airport to Aspen–Pitkin County Airport is 974 miles / 1568 kilometers / 847 nautical miles. I filed out IFR from Aspen with a fuel stop in Kansas. The weather was CAVU. I had just gotten out of sight of DEN when I noticed that my alternator was not working. I had very little battery power remaining. I shut down everything electrical including my transponder to assure I had enough power to get the gear down. I had nothing by which to navigate except a clock and a whiskey compass. Like a damn fool I had no charts except Jeps. My game plan was to fly until I spotted an airport or I was down to an eighth of a tank and set it down. I then remembered that Colorado's terrain was a mile wide between roads. I clocked myself several times and found I had a 70 kt tail wind. I couldn't believe it. I throttled back to 45% power, just hanging on a prop, estimated a heading, and after a couple of hours converged on I-40. I had just enough juice to get the gear down, radioed the tower, (to hell with approach control) at MEM, took runway 9 by choice, and was cleared to taxi to my FBO. I still had a quarter of a tank of fuel. Someone was looking after me, but I didn't deserve it.

- Mud

You just can't make this shit up. Another flying story!!

A rather pointless tale, but much better than another Last Charlie.
In mid-September '69 R.B. Cannon and I took the COD from Oriskany to Cubi. Oriskany had been on the line since May, and was bound for Korea for some R&R for the crew. R.B. and I were to take a couple of F-8Js that had been in maintenance at Cubi, fly them up to Okinawa, then fly out to the ship as she transited.
My log book shows a couple of maintenance check flights from Cubi in 149204, which had had recurring electrical problems. The generator had kept failing and wouldn't reset, but finally it made it through a whole check flight. On the 14th R.B. and I set off for Naha him in the lead.
En route the generator failed again, no reset. It's over 900 miles from Cubi to Naha, so I left the RAT in and tucked in on R.B.s wing. When we were close enough, I deployed the RAT, the lights came back on, but the radio, after a long cold-soak at altitude, just made static. The weather at NAHA was IFR, so I stayed tucked in.
Monitoring our descent, I saw we were getting pretty low, and expected R.B. to kiss me off any time to take over visually. Instead, I felt a big thump as my mains touched the runway! I had just performed my first section landing, and had no idea it was coming. It proved to be a non-event, as R.B. dropped in front of me and kept a little power on so I wouldn't overrun him.
The Marines worked on my Crusader, and the next day I took it up for yet another PMCF. It checked out, so the next day R.B. and I set off to catch Oriskany. En route, yet again, the generator died and wouldn't reset. This was a short flight, so I dropped the RAT right away. The weather at Oriskany was bad, and they sent me back to Naha to let the Marines work on it some more.
Oriskany was long gone, so every day for the next few days the Marines would try something else, I'd take the bird up on a PMCF, the generator would quit, and I was left with a perfectly flyable F-8 with lots of gas, and a lot of big puffy clouds building over the island. So I spent an hour doing aerobatics among the clouds, juking around them like they were sides of a canyon, and having one very good time doing it.
On the 17th the generator finally passed. Message from the ship, take it back to Cubi and let the maintenance guys there have another crack at it.
The next day I filed for Cubi. The weather was good, and forecast to remain so. Off I went
Half an hour into the flight, no surprise by this time, CLUNK, the lights go out: the generator failed again. And again, the range dictated no RAT until closer. I guess I could have gone back to Naha, but at this point just motoring along with no electrical power didn't seem like much of a big deal. I could see Taiwan off to my right, and figured if anything serious happened I could easily make the 200 odd miles there, probably a long cruise descent from where I was.
But nothing serious happened Nothing serious, but I had left the temperature control blowing cold to get some of Okinawa's heat and humidity out of the cockpit. No electricity, no way to change that. It got very, very cold in the cockpit. I was stamping my feet and shivering to beat the band.
Pretty soon Luzon (didn't I read they still have cannibals there?) was coming up. I dropped the RAT and turned the heat up! Then I checked the fuel gauge. That can't be right, way lower than I expected. Does the speed brake go to trail without electrical power? I wondered about that as I dialed in the frequency for the Philippine ground radar sites (Corncrib?). Just static. Luckily the TACAN seemed to be working but I couldn't receive Cubi. Clark AFB yes, which was just as well because I wasn't going to make it to Cubi.
The weather was deteriorating pretty quickly. Forecasts of weather around the China and Philippine seas was always iffy. You could only believe them if they said it might get bad I eased down through some typical Southeast-Asia clouds, calling Clark approach control all the time. I finally raised them, declared emergency fuel state, and got a very good GCA. I came out of a rainstorm, saw the field, and touched down with only a few hundred pounds of fuel.
Finally something good happened. A good friend of mine from the squadron had wrangled some sort of TAD at Clark, I was never sure just why. I'd mention his name, but he's gone on to live a very good and respectable life and doesn't need reminders. Not about meeting his wife in the Honolulu airport, as she was on her way west to surprise him and he was on his way to Honolulu to meet a stewardess. Not about that Aussie reporter in Hong Kong either, I imagine.
He had made friends with some of the American school-marms teaching in the DoD school at Clark. They lived in a BOQ-like series of apartments, the kind with a balcony along the outside and doors leading in to the apartments. We rendezvoused with a brace of them and partied on. Not sure why they let me in. I had been living in my flight suit, washing out my skivvies in the BOQ laundries when I could.
Late in the evening one of the girls found some fireworks from the last 4th of July. We went out on the balcony, drunk as skunks, and started setting them off. Lots of fun. Fireworks all gone, we went back inside. A loud knock at the door. A couple of burly MPs were there, saying they had reports of some Philippine terrorists in the area (did they say Huks? I thought they were all gone.) They didn't believe our denials, smelling clearly the gunpowder in the air of the room. But they just glowered at us and left.
Two days later I got the miserable airplane back to Cubi. Only logged 0.3 hours from Clark to Cubi, so I guess I was tired of fooling with it. Then I checked out another hangar queen, made another trip to Naha, and finally out to Oriskany on her way back to the Gulf.
Not completely pointless. If a plane's generator has failed in six of its last eight flights, chances are good it will fail on the next. But maybe this tale will spur someone to come up with their own tale. You can even make stuff up, none of the timid souls in this group would ever think to call you out on it. Sea Story Saturday after Open Line Friday.
Bull Durham
4 May 2019

USA—F-16s, F-35s Face Off During Exercise At Hill AFB Air Force News Service | 05/08/2019 The U.S. Air Force has just held an integrated combat capability exercise at the Utah Test and Training Range, reports the Air Force News Service. The drills involved F-35 stealth jets from the active-duty 388th Fighter Wing and reserve 419th Fighter Wing at Hill Air Force Base, Utah, as well as F-16 fighters from the 311th Fighter Squadron, Holloman AFB, N.M., and 80th Fighter Squadron, Kunsan Air Base, South Korea. A team of contracted aggressor pilots from Draken International also participated in the training. More than 40 jets took part in the defensive counter-air exercise designed to simulate combat operations and test the ability of maintainers to provide aircraft and pilots to defend an airfield from a large enemy force. Aircraft rotated into the simulated fight on a continual basis for more than eight hours, the service said. Flights of four aircraft took to the air every 30-45 minutes during the exercise, challenging maintainers who typically have two to three hours to return an aircraft to flight readiness.

USA—Navy Completes Another Round Of Tests Of Guided 5-Inch Projectiles Raytheon | 05/08/2019 The U.S. Navy and Raytheon have just completed a new series of tests for the Excalibur N5 precision-guided munition, reports the defense firm. The sea-based Excalibur N5 round is designed to be fired from Navy 5-inch guns and more than doubles the maximum range of conventional rounds, the company said. Based on the precision-guided munition initially developed for land-based artillery, the Excalibur provides accurate, first-round effects at all ranges in all weather conditions, according to Raytheon. During the recent tests, the Excalibur N5 demonstrated unspecified short-, medium- and long-range capabilities.

USA—Marines Eye Israeli Iron Dome System To Boost Air Defenses Marine Corps Times | 05/08/2019 The Marine Corps is considering Israel's Iron Dome air defense system to strengthen its defenses against aerial threats such as drones, reports the Marine Corps Times. The service requested initial funding in fiscal 2019 to test the system's integration with its Ground/Air Task-Oriented Radar (G/ATOR). According to briefing slides obtained by the newspaper, the service proposed mounting launchers and Tamir rockets on either the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) or the Medium Tactical Vehicle Replacement truck (MTVR). An MTVR launcher could support up to 20 missiles, while the JLTV could carry four and would be highly mobile, noted the briefing. The Corps confirmed its interest in the system but declined to discuss testing or results. In February, the Army said it was considering acquiring two Iron Dome batteries. Known as SkyHunter in the U.S., the Iron Dome is manufactured by Raytheon and Rafael Advanced Defense Systems.

USA—Sanctions Lifted On Venezuelan General Who Defected Wall Street Journal | 05/08/2019 The White House has lifted sanctions on a Venezuelan general who defected from the government of Nicolas Maduro, reports the Wall Street Journal. On Tuesday, Vice President Mike Pence announced that all sanctions on Gen. Manuel Cristopher Figuera, the former director of Venezuela's intelligence service, were withdrawn. Pence said that Washington would consider similar steps for other defectors. The vice president also threatened new sanctions on Venezuela's 25-member Supreme Court, who he called a "political tool" of Maduro that has "undermined its constitutional mandate," reported ABC News. Figuera announced on April 30 that he was breaking with Maduro in favor of self-declared interim president Juan Guaido, who launched an unsuccessful push to garner more support among military and intelligence officials last week. Washington has sanctioned more than 150 government officials and entities tied to Maduro.

Canada—Government Considers Arctic Ships For Coast Guard To Keep Irving Shipyard Busy Ottawa Citizen | 05/08/2019 The Canadian government is looking at buying two more Arctic and offshore patrol ships to fill an anticipated gap in work at Irving Shipbuilding in Halifax, reports the Ottawa Citizen. The shipbuilder has warned the government that it might have to lay off workers at the yard if it does not get more shipbuilding work. Under the plan, a seventh and eighth Harry DeWolf-class patrol ship would be built for the Canadian coast guard. The first six are being constructed for the navy. Additional work is needed to prevent a downturn following the end of construction of the navy's Arctic patrol ships and the start of work on new frigates. It is not clear how much it would cost to build the two additional vessels. Some design changes might need to be made, since the coast guard does not operate armed vessels, noted the newspaper.

Czech Republic—Prague Seeks Attack, Utility Helicopters From U.S. U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency | 05/08/2019 The U.S. State Dept. has approved the potential sale of UH-60M Black Hawk utility and AH-1Z Viper attack helicopters to the Czech Republic, reports the U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency. The proposed sale of 12 UH-60M Black Hawks is worth an estimated US$800 million. The possible sale also covers 28 T700-GE-701D engines (four spares); 29 H-764GU embedded GPS with inertial navigation and country unique selective availability anti-spoofing modules (SAASM) (five spares); 24 M240H machine guns; 114 Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWS) rockets; and 15 AN/AAR-57(V)3 Common Missile Warning Systems (CMWS) (3 spares). Other equipment includes four aviation mission planning systems; 29 AN/ARC-231 UHF/VHF radios with RT-1808A; 29 AN/ARC-201D SINCGARSairborne radios with RT-1478D; 15 AN/ARC-220(V)3 HF radios; 15 AN/APX-123 identification-friend-or-foe (IFF) systems with Mode 4/5 transponder (3 spares); 15 AN/APR-39C(V)1/4 radar warning receivers; 15 AN/AVR-2B laser warning systems (3 spares); and 24 M134D mini guns. The Czech Republic is also seeking to acquire four AH-1Z Vipers at an estimated cost of US$205 million. That potential sale also covers eight T700-GE-701D engines; eight Honeywell embedded GPS with inertial navigation and precise positioning service (PPS); 14 AGM-114 Hellfiremissiles; communications equipment; electronic warfare systems; 20-mm M197 machine guns; and target sight systems. Prague is considering replacing its aging Mi-24 helicopters with either the UH-60M or the UH-1Y/AH-1Z, noted the DSCA. The proposed sales will help the Czech Republic modernize its armed forces and strengthen homeland defense and interoperability with U.S. and NATO allies, said the agency.

China—New Photos Show Work Well Underway On 3rd Aircraft Carrier Reuters | 05/08/2019 Progress continues on the construction of Beijing's third aircraft carrier, according to new satellite imagery cited by Reuters. Imagery from April shows that construction of the ship has advanced significantly over the last six months, according to the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington, D.C. The images from Jiangnan shipyard outside Shanghai show a 98-foot (30-m) bow and a separate hull section, which appears to be 135-feet (41-m) wide. Projections suggest that the ship could displace around 80,000 metric tons, according to analysts cited by the South China Morning Post. Unlike China's first two carriers, the Liaoning and the unnamed Type 001A, the domestically designed Type 002 has a flat flight deck and will be fitted with a catapult launch system. The pictures are the first of the carrier, which Beijing has yet to confirm despite wide speculation. The new carrier is expected to be completed in 2022, reported Agence France-Presse.

China—Top Officials To Discuss Maritime Issues With Japanese Counterparts Xinhua | 05/08/2019 Senior officials from China and Japan are set to meet later this week to discuss maritime issues, reports Xinhua, China's state news agency. Officials from the foreign and defense ministries, maritime law enforcement and management departments of both countries will participate in the talks in Otaru, Japan, on May 10-11, a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson said on Tuesday. This will be the 11th round of high-level talks on maritime affairs, the spokesperson said. The previous round took place in December in eastern China. The talks are expected to cover maritime issues of common concern in order to strengthen mutual understanding and trust with Japan, the spokesperson said.

South Korea—Trilateral Security Talks With Japan, U.S. To Focus On N. Korea Yonhap | 05/08/2019 South Korea is hosting annual trilateral security talks with Japan and the United States this week in Seoul, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). During the meeting on Thursday, the allies "plan to explore ways to boost trilateral collaboration for the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula and the establishment of lasting peace," said a release from the South Korean Defense Ministry. Defense officials will also discuss regional security, trilateral military exchanges and cooperation, the ministry said. North Korea is expected to top the agenda following Pyongyang's test-firing of short-range projectiles on Saturday. The annual trilateral forum involving assistant deputy minister-level officials was launched in 2008 as a setting to discuss major regional security issues.

Philippines—New AW159 Helos To Boost Anti-Submarine Capabilities Abs-Cbn | 05/08/2019 The Philippines navy has taken delivery of two new anti-submarine warfare helicopters, report ABS-CBN News (Manila). The AW159 Wildcats arrived on Monday, navy chief Vice Adm. Robert Empedrad announced on Tuesday. The helicopters were ordered in 2016 in a US$115 million deal, noted Jane's Navy International. Customs and inspections procedures are ongoing before the new helicopters can enter service. The aircraft are scheduled to formally enter service in a ceremony on May 27, reported the Philippine News Agency. Plans call for the Wildcats to serve on the Gregorio del Pilar-class offshore patrol vessels until two new frigates are delivered in 2020 and 2021. Manila still needs a stronger anti-submarine capability to protect its extensive maritime territory, said the admiral.

Afghanistan—Taliban Claims Attack On U.S. Aid Group In Kabul TOLONews | 05/08/2019 At least nine people have been wounded in a complex attack on an international aid organization in Kabul, reports the Tolo News (Afghanistan). On Wednesday, militants set off a bomb outside the gate to Counterpart International and then stormed the building, said an interior ministry spokesman. The number of gunmen involved was not immediately clear, said a spokesman for the Kabul police. At least nine people were taken to the hospital, said a public health ministry spokesman. Agence France-Presse reported that 15 were wounded, with the number expected to rise. About 150 employees were rescued from the building. Police found another car bomb nearby that failed to go off, reported the Khaama Press (Afghanistan). The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack, accusing Counterpart of employing foreign advisers involved in "various aspects of brutality, oppression, terror, anti-Islamic ideology and promotion of Western culture," reported the New York Times.

Pakistan—10 Killed In Suicide Attack On Sufi Shrine Dunya | 05/08/2019 At least 10 people have been killed and 25 injured in an attack on a Sufi shrine in the eastern Pakistani city of Lahore, reports the Dunya News (Islamabad). On Wednesday, a suicide bomber detonated his explosives by a police vehicle parked near the female-only entrance at Data Darbar, an 11th century shrine. Police believe that a 15-year-old boy conducted the suicide attack, reported the Dawn (Karachi). His suicide vest reportedly contained 15 pounds (7 kg) of explosives. Four members of Pakistan's elite police force, a security guard and five civilians were killed in the blast, said the Punjab inspector general of police. The death toll could increase, since several of the wounded were in critical condition. The shrine was previously attacked in 2010 and was heavily guarded. Most extremist Muslims consider Sufism to be heretical. The attack was claimed by Hizbul Ahrar, a splinter group of the Pakistani Taliban, who said they had targeted police, reported the Independent(U.K.).

Iran—Rouhani Gives Parties To Nuclear Deal 60 Days To Comply Mehr News Agency | 05/08/2019 President Hassan Rouhani has given the remaining parties to the 2015 nuclear deal 60 days to meet their commitments or Iran will stop implementing more of its obligations, reports the semi-official Mehr news agency (Tehran). On Wednesday, Rouhani announced that Iran would no longer observe restrictions on storing enriched uranium and heavy water, which were implemented under the multilateral agreement. The other five signatories to the accord –

China, France, Germany, Russia and the United Kingdom -- have been informed of the decision, said Rouhani. In a televised speech, Rouhani said his country did not intend to withdraw from the agreement but wanted all countries to implement all promises made when the deal was signed, reported the semi-official Tasnim news agency (Tehran). The president emphasized the need for the signatories to abide by their commitments related to the banking and oil sectors. Should those commitments not be met within 60 days, Iran will stop complying with restrictions on the level of uranium enrichment and the modernization of the Arak heavy water reactor, said Rouhani. Once Iran's demands are met, it will resume compliance with the accord, said a statement from the Supreme National Security Council. Otherwise, Tehran will gradually reduce its implementation of the deal. The announcement came one year after President Trump announced that the U.S. would withdraw from the agreement.

Libya—Haftar's Forces Shoot Down Fighter Jet, Capture Portuguese Pilot Reuters | 05/08/2019 Forces loyal to Libyan commander Khalifa Haftar say they have shot down a military aircraft near Tripoli and captured its pilot, reports Reuters. On Tuesday, the Libyan National Army (LNA) said that it shot down the Mirage F1 attack jet the day before over the al-Hira district, reported the Independent (U.K.). The LNA also shared images of a bloodied man, who they identified as a Portuguese mercenary pilot. Agencies were unable to verify the claims made in the video. The Portuguese Defense Ministry said it could not identify the pilot's nationality but said he was not a Portuguese soldier. The U.N.-backed government in Tripoli declined to comment. On April 4, Haftar announced an offensive against the international-backed government in Tripoli.

Kenya—Defense Chief Gets Another Year The Standard (Nairobi) | 05/08/2019 President Uhuru Kenyatta has extended the term of defense chief Gen. Samson Mwathethe for another year, reports the Standard (Nairobi). The move came after the Defense Council recommended the extension, citing the general's good performance. Mwathethe's four-year term as defense chief officially expired on May 4, but the council extended it, noted the newspaper. The defense chief role rotates between the air force, army and navy. Mwathethe, a naval officer, replaced an air force officer, meaning the army is next in line for the post. Separately, Brig. Said Mohamed Farah was promoted and appointed the director of military intelligence. Malawi—

British Soldier Killed During Anti-Poaching Operation U.K. Ministry Of Defense | 05/08/2019 The U.K. Ministry of Defense has confirmed that a British soldier has died during counter-poaching operations in Malawi. Mathew Talbot of the 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards was on a patrol on May 5 in Liwonde National Park in southern Malawi when he was killed by an elephant, reported BBC News on Tuesday. Further details were not provided. Talbot had volunteered for Operation Corded, the British army's counter-poaching deployment in Malawi, which assists with the training of park rangers. The training covers tracking, partnered patrolling, communications, surveillance and intelligence-sharing.

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