Thursday, May 2, 2019

The List 4987

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The List 498

To All,

I hope that your week has been going well.

This day in Naval History May 2, 2019

1863 During the Civil War, the steam screw sloop Sacramento, commanded by Captain Charles S. Boggs, seizes the British blockade-runner Wanderer off Murrells Inlet, N.C.

1896 A landing party of 15 Marines and 19 Seaman from USS Alert arrive at Corinto, Nicaragua, to protect American lives and property during a period of political unrest.

1942 USS Drum (SS 228) sinks Japanese seaplane carrier, and USS Trout (SS 202) sinks a Japanese freighter off the southeast coast of Honshu.

1945 USS Springer (SS 414) torpedoes and sinks the Japanese frigate in the Yellow Sea and then sinks a Japanese coastal defense ship the next day.

1945 Hospital Apprentice Robert E. Bush administers aid to a wounded Marine officer and fires back at the Japanese at the same time, earning the Medal of Honor.

1992 USS Anzio (CG 68) is commissioned at her homeport of Norfolk, Va. The Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruiser is named for the Italian allied amphibious assault in May 1944 during World War II.

2011 President Barack Obama announces Navy SEALs raided Osama bin Laden’s compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, and killed America's most wanted terrorist during Operation Neptune Spear.

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:

Leading today's national news headlines is continued coverage of Attorney General William Barr's testimony before congress, and reports that thousands of people gathered at the University of North Carolina Charlotte in memory of victims of the shooting that occurred at the University earlier this week. USNI News reports that SECNAV Richard V. Spencer and CNO Adm. John Richardson updated House and Senate appropriators on the status of the next large surface combatant and the Columbia SSBN program. Defense News sat down in an interview with Adm. James Foggo, commander of U.S. naval forces in Europe, and U.S. Ambassador to Russia Jon Huntsman aboard USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72) last week to discuss a resurgent Russian Navy, as well as how the two coordinate military and diplomatic messaging. U.S. Pacific Fleet Commander Adm. John Aquilino spoke of the importance of Fiji to maritime security in a visit to the island nation, reports the Fiji Sun. “Fiji is an important partner in the South Pacific and it was important for me to come here to see the region first-hand,” said Aquilino.

1972 End of an era at the FBI »

Today in History May 2


The Hudson Bay Company is founded.


Henry IV signs Treaty of Vervins, ending Spain's interference in France.


Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of Devolution in France.


France and Spain agree to donate arms to American rebels fighting the British.


A mutiny in the British navy spreads from Spithead to the rest of the fleet.


The black General Toussaint Louverture forces British troops to agree to evacuate the port of Santo Domingo.


The citizens of Madrid rise up against Napoleon.


Napoleon defeats a Russian and Prussian army at Grossgorschen.


Stonewall Jackson smashes Joseph Hooker's flank at Chancellorsville, Virginia.


President Andrew Johnson offers a $100,000 reward for the capture of the Confederate President


King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo Free State.


The Territory of Oklahoma is created.


The first U.S. air passenger service starts.


Lieutenants Oakley Kelly and John Macready take off from New York for the West Coast on what will become the first successful nonstop transcontinental flight.


Hostilities break out between British forces in Iraq and that country's pro-German faction.


Admiral Chester J. Nimitz, convinced that the Japanese will attack Midway Island, visits the island to review its readiness.


Russian forces take Berlin after 12 days of fierce house-to-house fighting.


Prisoners revolt at California's Alcatraz prison.


The U.S. Army attacks Nhi Ha in South Vietnam and begins a fourteen-day battle to wrestle it away from Vietnamese Communists.


Student anti-war protesters at Ohio's Kent State University burn down the campus ROTC building. The National Guard takes control of campus.


From Al’s acchives

Brothers and Sisters Day is observed on May 2, 2017. It is a day in which siblings cherish one another. Of course, there may be times you don't like to talk to your brother or sister, but this day should not be one of them. Go visit them and give them a hug, or at least give them a call to let them know how important they are to you. Imagine how your life would be without them. If you don't have siblings, just act like a brother or sister by being nice to someone you like. Maybe you even have a friend who's like a brother or sister to you.
Today’s truism--If your sister hits you, don't hit her back. They always catch the second person.

Best friends are the siblings God forgot to give us.

Older siblings—The only people who will pick on you for their own entertainment and beat up anyone else who tries.

Mom always said she didn't have a favorite child, which was tough because I don't have any brothers or sisters.

Brother/Sister Property Rules

If I like it, it’s mine.

If I’m holding it, it’s mine.

If I can take it from you, it’s mine.

If I had it a little while ago, it’s mine.

If it’s mine, it must never appear to be yours anyway.

If it just looks like mine, it’s mine.

If you are playing with something and you put it down, it automatically becomes mine.

If it’s broken, it’s yours.

Five-year-old Jimmy was playing with his little sister, one-year-old Jenny, in the playroom while their mother was in the kitchen. Hearing screams, she ran into the playroom and saw Jenny with a handful of Jimmy's hair, yanking away.
She separated the two, and Jimmy was yelling "Spank her! Spank her!"
"It's not her fault, son," their mom said. "She doesn't understand that it hurts when she pulls your hair."
The mom walked back into the kitchen, but 30 seconds later she heard screams again. She ran back into the playroom to see Jenny in tears.
"What happened?" she demanded.
"Not much," Jimmy said. "Only now she understands."

Submitted by Kelly Dodson and Rick Hein:

Two young boys walk into a pharmacy one day, pick out a box of Tampax and proceed to the checkout counter. The man at the counter asks the older boy, "Son, how old are you?"
“Eight," the boy replies.
The man continues, "Do you know what these are used for?"
“Not exactly," the boy says. "But they aren't for me. They're for him. He's my brother. He's four. We saw on TV that if you use these you would be able to swim and ride a bike. Right now he can't do either one."

Submitted by Chuck Kincade:
A Sunday school teacher was discussing the Ten Commandments with her five and six year olds. After explaining the Fourth Commandment to "Honor" thy father and thy mother,” she asked, "Is there a commandment that teaches us how to treat our brothers and sisters?"
Without missing a beat one little boy (the oldest of a family) answered, "Thou shalt not kill."

TEACHER: "Desmond, your composition on "My Dog" is exactly the same as your brother's. Did you copy his?"
DESMOND: "No, teacher, it's the same dog!"

Submitted by Mary Fisher:

Dear God,
My brothers told me about being born but it doesn't sound right. They are just kidding, aren't they?
Signed, Marsha

Submitted by Skip Leonard:

Mary was having a tough day and had stretched herself out on the couch to do a bit of what she thought to be well-deserved complaining and self- pitying.
She moaned to her mom and brother, "Nobody loves me ... the whole world hates me!"
Her brother, busily occupied playing a game, hardly looked up at her and passed on this encouraging word: "That's not true, Mary. Some people don't even know you."

A new law recently passed in Arkansas: When a couple gets divorced, they're still brother and sister.

Submitted by Bill Quintero:

Many years ago, when I worked as a volunteer at a hospital, I got to know a little girl named Liz who was suffering from a rare &serious disease. Her only chance of recovery appeared to be a blood transfusion from her 5-year old brother, who had miraculously survived the same disease and had developed the antibodies needed to combat the illness. The doctor explained the situation to her little brother, and asked the little boy if he would be willing to give his blood to his sister.
I saw him hesitate for only a moment before taking a deep breath and saying, "Yes I'll do it if it will save her."
As the transfusion progressed, he lay in bed next to his sister and smiled, as we all did, seeing the color returning to her cheek. Then his face grew pale and his smile faded. He looked up at the doctor and asked with a trembling voice, "Will I start to die right away".
Being young, the little boy had misunderstood the doctor; he thought he was going to have to give his sister all of his blood in order to save her.

Have a great week,


The German

Click on the photo or the link …

Thanks to Bob …

Great ACM footage between a Spitfire and German fighter .. and a tricky ending …. Well worth the time …

Learn something new … every day

This is a very good film … short and sweet with lots of action and you are in the pilot’s seat. Watch to the end, it will surprise you!

Incredible six minute footage of desperate Spitfire vs. ME-109 aerial combat. You feel like you are there! Amazing computer work blended in with real photography.

Also an interesting factual story that most of us did not know. History is rarely 'over’.

Now sit back and strap on your parachute harness ... it is the Summer of 1940 over the skies of England. Listen to the perfect 'purr' of the Rolls Royce Merlin ...

Watch this full screen. It’s very well done. [the nice landing w. only half a wing was a little overdone!]

Below is what happened after they Landed……Well they both walked away



Germans and Brits shared captivity at K-Lines in Ireland.

During World War II, a Canadian bomber flying from a base in Scotland crashed in what the crew thought was the vicinity of their airfield. Spotting a pub, they entered to celebrate their survival with a quick drink but were stunned to see a group of soldiers wearing Nazi uniforms and singing in German. Even more confusingly, the Germans responded to their entry by shouting at them to “go to their own bar.” The crew was soon given an explanation: after getting lost they crashed in the Republic of Ireland… and now they were captured, just like the Jerries.

German prisoners in Ireland having a drink at a local pub

Having negligible military power, Ireland was a neutral nation during the war; Prime Minister √Čamon de Valera went to great lengths to maintain that neutrality. As part of this policy, he made a deal with both the British and German governments: combatants of either country could be detained if found in Ireland and interned there for the duration of the war. Technically, the men were not prisoners of war but “guests of the State,” with an obligation on the state to prevent them from returning to the war. A 19th century military camp named Curragh Camp or “K-Lines” was designated to hold “guests” of both nationalities – along with a much higher number of Irish citizens who were imprisoned because they were considered a threat to the country’s neutrality, such as IRA men and pro-Nazi activists.

At first, authorities looked the other way when British aircraft crashed or emergency landed in Ireland, allowing the crews to make their way home. The appearance of a German aircrew in 1940, however, forced them to start taking their job seriously. Lieutenant Kurt Mollenhauer’s Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor aircraft was taking meteorological readings off the Irish coast when they got lost in the mist and hit a mountain, with two crewmen suffering injuries.

Models crafted by a German airman during internment at Curragh

They were captured and taken to Curragh. They experienced some harsh treatment first but the Department of External Affairs quickly requested the army to improve their living conditions. With some Germans in actual custody, it was now also necessary to detain British pilots who landed in Ireland to maintain neutrality and the two sides had to be given the same treatment – preferably a lenient one to avoid angering Britain.

Exterior view of K-Lines. Being neutral, Ireland had no nighttime blackouts and spotlights made it much harder to escape at night.

Between 1940 and 1943, some 40 British and 200 German military personnel were taken to K-Lines, mainly air crews and men from shipwrecked U-boats. In appearance, the camp was a regular POW camp with guard towers, barbed wire and huts built on short stilts to prevent tunneling to freedom, though the fence separating the British and German sides was a mere four feet tall. Unlike in most camps, however, the guards had blank rounds in their rifles and the prisoners were allowed to run their own bars with duty-free alcohol.

The British bar was run on an honor system, with everyone pouring for themselves and recording their consumption in a book. Prisoners were also allowed to borrow bicycles and leave the camp, provided they signed a parole paper at the guardhouse, giving their word of honor not to escape and to return in time. Pub visits, with separate bars for groups of different nationalities, evening dances with the locals, fishing and golfing trips and fox hunts were the norm, with one English officer even having his horse transported there from home and others having their families join them in Ireland for the duration of the war. Some prisoners ended up marrying local girls and one German prisoner, Georg Fleischmann, stayed and became an important figure in Irish film industry.

Former German soldier Kurt Kyck with his Irish wife, Kyck spent most of his post-war life in Ireland.

While both sides enjoyed the chance to sit out the war in reasonable comfort and without dishonorable behavior such as desertion, the Germans were generally more uptight about their situation. Despite being given some money to buy themselves civilian clothes for trips to nearby towns, the preferred to stay in uniform inside the camp, planted gardens, made tennis courts, held exercise classes. On one occasion, they even set up a court to convict a comrade for treason, though the defendant couldn’t be executed, as the Irish refused to furnish the Germans with a rifle and a single bullet. Sometimes, German prisoners sang Nazi songs just to piss off of their British co-internees. The two nations held boxing and soccer matches, with a historical record noting a German victory of 8-2 at one.

Escape attempts were rare. The Germans had no easy way of reaching continental Europe and the British had their own special problem, best demonstrated through the story of Roland “Bud” Wolfe. An American citizen, Wolfe signed up with the RAF before the U.S. entered the war, getting stripped of his American citizenship as a consequence. After flying cover for a ship convoy off Ireland, his Spitfire’s engine overheated and he had to land in the Republic of Ireland, where he was taken to the Curragh. Unwilling to sit out the war, he made his move two weeks after his capture, in December 1941. One day he walked out of the camp, deliberately “forgetting” his gloves. He quickly went back for them and left again without signing a new parole paper, so he now considered his escape to be a legitimate one. He had lunch at a nearby hotel, left without paying and made his way to nearby Dublin, where he boarded the first train to Belfast in Northern Ireland. To his surprise, his superiors were far from pleased when he reported at his base and he was quickly sent back across the border to the internment camp.

Roland “Bud” Wolfe

The reason was that Ireland’s neutrality was important not only to the Irish but to Great Britain as well. Though Churchill considered Ireland’s refusal to fight a betrayal, he understood that a pro-Nazi Ireland would have allowed the Kriegsmarine to use its Atlantic ports and wreak havoc on vital convoys from America. In order to guarantee Ireland’s neutrality, however, the British also had to play fair and prevent K-Line internees from jeopardizing the diplomatic status quo by escaping whenever they pleased. As a result, attempts were sparse: Wolfe tried to escape again only to be captured this time around as well, finally settling into the relaxed life of the camp. There was an aborted tunneling attempt and a successful mass rush on the gate, which the Irish decided was a “legal” escape and the men who made it back to British territory were not returned.

British prisoners at the camp

In 1943 it became clear that the Allies were slowly winning, British airmen were moved to a separate camp and secretly freed, while 20 Germans were allowed to rent residences in Dublin and attend the local colleges. All remaining German prisoners were repatriated after the war, ending the history of what might well have been history’s strangest, and possibly most comfortable, POW camp.

Inmates making use of the camp’s gym

The story of the British and German prisoners living together in Ireland, hushed up during and after the war, only came to light in the 1980s, when English novelist John Clive heard the story from a taxi driver who had served as a guard at Curragh, and decided to research the matter for a novel.


United Nations—Security Council Adds JeM Chief To Terror List Cable News Network | 05/02/2019 The U.N. Security Council has placed the head of the Pakistan-based militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) to its list of designated terrorists, reports CNN. On Wednesday, the council added Masood Azhar to the list after China dropped objections to the move. The vote followed weeks of lobbying by British, French and U.S. officials. In March, Beijing torpedoed the previous attempt to add Azhar to the list. Unspecified changes to the draft bill caused China to drop its objections, reported Agence France-Presse. Azhar, who lives in Pakistan, will be subject an arms embargo and have his assets frozen. Islamabad said it would enforce the sanctions. India welcomed the decision. New Delhi claims that JeM and Azhar were behind a Feb. 17 attack that killed 40 Indian paramilitaries in India-administered Kashmir. Indian officials have been pushing for the designation since 2016.

USA—Fewer Visas Being Granted To Afghans, Iraqis Who Helped U.S. Troops National Public Radio | 05/02/2019 The number of visas given to Afghans and Iraqis under a program for those who worked with U.S. military personnel has fallen dramatically under the Trump administration, reports NPR News. The Special Immigrant Visa program has a backlog of more than 100,000 Iraqis, of whom about 200 were cleared in 2018. About 10,000 Iraqis were admitted on the basis of their assistance to U.S. forces in 2016, according to data from the International Refugee Assistance Project. Visas given to Afghans have fallen by about 60 percent, from 4,000 in 2017 to 1,650 in 2018. The State and Homeland Security departments said they were working to accelerate visa processing while ensuring national security priorities.

USA—Army Receives First IBCS Command Post Northrop Grumman | 05/02/2019 The Army has taken delivery of its first production-representative command post for its new Integrated Air and Missile Defense Battle Command System (IBCS), reports Northrop Grumman. The engagement operations center has completed all testing for major configuration items and a system verification review, the company said on Wednesday. It is representative of the hardware and software configuration that will undertake qualification trials ahead of initial operational testing and evaluation. The company is set to deliver another 10 operations centers and 18 integrated fire-control network relays by the end of the year, said Northrop Grumman. The IBCS is designed to integrate the Army's various air and missile defense radars and weapon systems to provide a single integrated air picture and larger surveillance and protections zones. The IBCS is scheduled to begin operational testing in 2020, with service entry planned for 2022, reported Breaking Defense.

USA—White House Nixes Plan For Early Retirement Of Truman Carrier Breaking Defense | 05/02/2019 The Trump administration has apparently decided that it does not want to decommission the USS Harry S. Truman ahead of schedule, reports Breaking Defense. Vice President Mike Pence announced the decision on Tuesday during a speech aboard the Nimitz-class carrier. The Pentagon first revealed plans to decommission the Truman in February as part of its fiscal 2020-2024 budget request. The proposal called for retiring the carrier nearly 25 years ahead of schedule instead of refueling its nuclear reactor in 2024 as planned. Forgoing the Truman's refueling and overhaul would save about US$3.4 billion, which could be spent on other modernization priorities, such as unmanned platforms, Navy officials said. Moving forward with the mid-life refueling of the carrier could affect the Navy’s plan to acquire two new Gerald R. Ford-class carriers, acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan told lawmakers last month. The fiscal 2020 budget is already in the hands of lawmakers, who will have to decide whether to move additional money into the Navy budget to retain the Truman, the website noted.

France—Air Force Takes Delivery 1st A400M In Latest Configuration Defense News | 05/02/2019 The French air force has received its first A400M Atlas transport aircraft with the ability to use unprepared air strips and autopilot in all weather conditions, reports Defense News. The new capabilities are part of what the service calls the "tactical standard" for the aircraft. The newest A400M, the 15th overall, was accepted for service in Seville, Spain, on April 25 and arrived at Orleans-Bricy Air Base on April 26, according to the French Armed Forces Ministry. Three previously delivered A400Ms have also been upgraded to the latest configuration. Two new capabilities are slated to be added by this fall, including the ability to airdrop heavy loads of up to 16 tons from the rear ramp and conduct refueling from the central point. The remaining 11 French A400Ms are scheduled to be upgraded to the tactical standard by 2020. The air force expects to take delivery of another 10 A400Ms for a fleet of 25 by the end of 2025.

United Kingdom—May Fires Defense Minister Over Leak Allegations Times Of London | 05/02/2019 British Prime Minister Theresa May has fired Defense Minister Gavin Williamson, accusing him of leaking discussions between 10 Downing Street and Chinese telecom giant Huawei, reports the Times of London. In a meeting of the National Security Council on Wednesday, May said that a formal inquiry revealed compelling evidence of his responsibility, leaving her no choice but to fire him. Williamson denied leaking information and blamed his firing on a rivalry with Mark Sedwill, the national security adviser. On April 23, the Daily Telegraph (U.K.) reported that May had approved a plan for Huawei to help build a 5G telecom network in the U.K. over the objections of several ministers. Williamson had met with the deputy political editor of the Telegraph, reported BBC News, which noted that it did not prove he leaked the story. The firing came after an inquiry into the story, noted CNN. U.S. and other officials are worried by the Chinese firm's links with the Chinese Communist Party and the potential for compromised networks that could enable spying. Foreign Minister Jeremy Hunt has called for an independent criminal investigation into the matter, reported the Guardian (U.K.). Scotland Yard said it was not investigating the issue but would examine any evidence that suggested criminal wrongdoing. Williamson was succeeded by Penny Mordaunt, 46, a navy reservist and former international development secretary. She is the first woman to hold the position.

Ukraine—1 Soldier Dies In Attacks By Russian-Backed Separatists In East Unian News Agency | 05/02/2019 At least one soldier has been killed and one injured in attacks by Russian-backed militants in eastern Ukraine, reports the Ukrainian Independent Information Agency (UNIAN). The Ukrainian Joint Forces Operation said that Russian proxy forces had conducted 13 attacks over the previous 24 hours, including two using 120-mm and 82-mm mortars. Two Russian-backed militants were killed and three were injured in the clashes, according to unspecified intelligence reports. The self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic claimed that the Ukrainian military fired 120-mm mortars at the village of Trudovskaya in West Donetsk, reported the Tass news agency (Russia).

Philippines—Navy Set To Kick Off Joint Patrol Of Maritime Border With Indonesia Xinhua | 05/02/2019 The Indonesian and the Philippine navies are set to conduct a joint patrol of their maritime border in the Sulu and Celebes Seas, reports Xinhua, China's state news agency. On Thursday, the two navies held a ceremony to mark the patrol in Davao City in the southern Philippines. The Philippine navy will deploy its patrol ship Ramon Alcaraz for the operation, which begins on Saturday. Indonesia is sending its Pandrongpatrol craft. The 10-day coordinated sea patrol and exercise is designed to strengthen bilateral security cooperation and fight piracy, smuggling and other maritime threats in the region, said Philippine officials. Among other threats, the ISIS-linked Abu Sayyaf Group is known to conduct attacks and kidnappings using the infrequently-patrolled waters of the Sulu Sea.

Pakistan—3 Troops Die In Cross-Border Attack Dawn | 05/02/2019 At least three Pakistani soldiers have been killed and seven injured in a militant attack in northwestern Pakistan along the border with Afghanistan, reports the Dawn (Pakistan). On Wednesday, 60-70 militant fighters attacked Pakistani troops who were working on border fencing in the North Waziristan district in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, said the military. Scores of militants were killed and injured, according to a release from the Inter-Services Public Relations. Pakistani forces effectively repelled the attack, the statement said. Following the attack, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs summoned the Afghan charge d'affaires and lodged a strong protest. The ministry urged the Afghan government to "take immediate action against the terrorist elements on their side and ensure effective measures" to prevent future attacks, a spokesman said. Pakistan has built fencing along 621 miles (1,000 km) of its 1,367-mile (2,200-km) border with Afghanistan. Some 300 out of a planned 823 border forts have also been constructed, officials said. The fencing has led to a major decline in the number of cross-border attacks and other terrorist activities along the border area, said the officials.

Syria—Rebels Prepare To Counter Anticipated Regime Offensive Al-Masdar News | 05/02/2019 The Turkish-backed National Liberation Front (NLF) rebel group has been moving fighters from northwestern Syria to counter an expected offensive by Syrian government forces, reports the Al-Masdar News. A large convoy of rebel forces redeployed to northern and northwestern Hama province after the Syrian army attacked several rebel positions in the region on Tuesday. The army has sent several units to the region including elite Tiger Forces, the 4th Armored Division and Republican Guard, said an unnamed military source in Mhardeh in northern Hama. Several paramilitary groups loyal to the Syrian government are also expected to take part in the offensive. Government forces are seeking to expel rebels from the demilitarized zone, which was established in September. Rebel forces have so far refused to withdraw from the area.

Yemen—Coalition Jets Strike Houthi Drone Base Reuters | 05/02/2019 Aircraft from the Saudi-led coalition fighting Houthi rebels in Yemen have attacked an air base next to the Sanaa airport, reports Reuters. The airstrikes targeted unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) maintenance sites, communication systems and UAV maintainers and operators, a coalition spokesman said on Wednesday, as reported by the Saudi Press Agency. The Houthi-run Al-Masirah television channel reported that 13 strikes hit the al-Dulaimi air base. The militants used the site as barracks and a drone base, said the coalition.

Nigeria—Police Rescue Oil Workers Kidnapped In Rivers State Punch | 05/02/2019 Two employees of Royal Dutch Shell have been freed nearly a week after being abducted in Nigeria’s southern Rivers state, reports the Punch(Nigeria). The oil workers, whose nationalities were not released, were rescued by a police team on Tuesday after being seized by gunmen on April 25. A tactical team rescued the workers early on Tuesday, said a spokesman for the Rivers state police, as quoted by Reuters. The workers were captured while returning from an official trip to Bayelsa state, which is to the west of Rivers. Two policemen were killed during that ambush when gunmen opened fire on the workers' convoy. Kidnapping for ransom is common in the region. Three oil workers kidnapped from an oil rig on April 27 remain missing, the newspaper said.

Nigeria—Bandits Strike Villages, Killing 10, Making Off With Animals Guardian | 05/02/2019 At least 10 people have been killed in an attack in Nigeria’s northwestern Katsina state, reports the Guardian (Nigeria). On Tuesday, some 150 militants on motorcycles attacked the villages of Gobirawa and Sabawa, rustling a number of animals and stealing other valuables, said a police spokesman. Several houses were also burned. Villagers had alerted the authorities of a potential attack, after noticing suspected bandits surrounding their villages. Police patrols were dispatched and chased the bandits out of the villages, said a provincial police spokesman. Meanwhile, on Tuesday, police officials announced that President Muhammadu Buhari had approved the establishment of a community policing system to combat security threats, reported (Nigeria). A citizen-centered, community policing approach would lead to more sustainable successes in deterring internal security threats, the officials said.

Burkina Faso—Merkel Promises Millions In Aid During Visit Bloomberg | 05/02/2019 German Chancellor Angela Merkel has pledged 46 million euros (US$52 million) to Burkina Faso's military during a visit to Ouagadougou, reports Bloomberg News. The aid will allow Burkinabe forces to better address the growing threat posed by militants in the northern part of the country, President Roch Marc Christian Kabore said on Wednesday. German funds are expected to provide training and equipment for Burkinabe forces and development initiatives, he said. Deutsche Welle reported that Merkel pledged 20 million euros (US$22 million) for Burkina Faso and 35 million euros (US$39 million) to Niger for development projects and to equip and train police officers. Another 60 million euros (US$67 million) was promised to the G5 Sahel regional force. The leaders discussed the growing security threat posed by Al-Qaida- and ISIS-linked militants on Burkina Faso's periphery, reported Agence France-Presse. The attacks have forced schools to close in many areas since 2015. At least 350 people have died. Kabore also called on European nations to find a common position to address the growing conflict in Libya, which allows weapons and militants to flow across the region. Merkel is scheduled to visit Mali and Niger during her current trip.

Venezuela—Woman Killed In Clashes As Demonstrations Continue British Broadcasting Corp. | 05/02/2019 At least one person has been killed and dozens injured in ongoing demonstrations against the regime of President Nicolas Maduro, reports BBC News. Security personnel fired tear gas and water cannons at protesters in the capital, Caracas, on Wednesday. At least 46 people were injured. A 27-year-old woman died after being shot in the head, said the non-governmental organization, the Venezuelan Observatory of Social Conflict. Backers of President Nicolas Maduro held rival demonstrations in support of the government. Guiado renewed efforts to push aside Maduro on Tuesday, calling for soldiers and supporters to join him in "Operation Liberty." The Maduro government said late Tuesday that it had contained what it called a coup attempt. Guaido declared himself interim president in January, claiming that Maduro's 2018 election was illegitimate. He has gained international backing but has not won significant support from senior members of the military. He has called for continued protests on Thursday.

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