Friday, April 19, 2019

TheList 4976

The List 4976 TGB


 
To All,
 
I hope that you all have a great weekend.
Regards,
Skip
 
This day in Naval History April 19, 2019
 
1918 Ensign Stephen Potter is the first American to shoot down an enemy seaplane, a German plane off the German coast during World War I.
1924 Curtis D. Wilbur takes office as the 43rd Secretary of the Navy, where he gains his greatest achievements in enlarging and modernizing the fleet, and establishing a naval air force that would become an overwhelming force during World War II.
1942 Secretary of Navy James V. Forrestal places the newly-established construction battalions, later called Seabees, under the command of officers with the Civil Engineer Corps who are trained in the skills required for the performance of construction work.
1944 TBF and FM-2 aircraft from Composite Squadron (VC 6) onboard USS Block Island (CVE 21) sink German submarine U 1059 west-southwest of Dakar.
1945 Submarine USS Balao (SS 285) attacks a Japanese convoy and sinks one troopship and three fishing vessels and damages another off the Yangtze estuary about 90 miles north-northwest of Shanghi.
1945 As Fast Carrier Task Force 58 planes bomb Kure and Kobe Harbors, Japanese aircraft single out the US Navy carriers for attack. USS Wasp (CV 18), USS Essex (CV 9), and USS Franklin (CV 13) are hit. After struck by a second bomb, Franklin suffers subsequent explosions on the flight and hangar decks. Heroic work by her crew, assisted by nearby ships, bring the fires and flooding under control. For their actions during this occasion, both Lt. Cmdr. Joseph T. OCallaghan and Lt.j.g. Donald A. Gary receive the Medal of Honor.
1969 While serving with Battery D, 2nd Battalion, 11th Marines, at Phu Loc 6 in Quang Nam Province, Vietnam, Navy Hospital Corpsman 2nd Class David R. Ray is killed in action while providing medical aid to injured Marines during an enemy attack on his unit. Petty Officer Ray is posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroism in that action.
1994 USS Curtis Wilbur (DDG 54) is commissioned at Long Beach, Calif., where then-Secretary of the Navy John H. Dalton was the keynote speaker. The Arleigh Burke guided-missile destroyer.
 
This day in Naval History April 20, 2019
 
1861 Union forces burn screw frigate Merrimack and Gosport Shipyard, Portsmouth, Va., to prevent Yard facilities and ships from falling into Confederate hands during the Civil War.
1914 The first call-to-action of naval aviators is given, creating an aviation detachment of three pilots, 12 enlisted men, and three aircraft to join the Atlantic Fleet forces operating off Tampico during the Mexican crisis.
1942 USS Wasp (CV 7) launches 47 British aircraft to reinforce Malta, repeating the exercise May 9.
1944 USS Seahorse (SS 304) torpedoes and sinks Japanese submarine RO 45 off the Mariana Islands.
1947 Navy Capt. L.O. Fox, backed by 80 Marines, accepts surrender of Japanese Lt. Ei Yamaguchi and 26 Japanese soldiers and sailors, two and one half years after the occupation of Peleliu and nearly 20 months after the surrender of Japan.
1953 USS New Jersey (BB 62) shells Wonsan, Korea, from inside the harbor during the Korean War.
1964 USS Henry Clay (SSBN 625) launches a Polaris A-2 missile in the first demonstration to show that Polaris submarines could launch missiles from the surface as well as from beneath the ocean.
2007 USS Saipan (LHA 2) is decommissioned at Norfolk, Va., after serving the Navy for 30 years, including operations Urgent Fury, Sharp Edge, Desert Storm, Deny Flight, and Iraqi Freedom.
 
 
 
This day in Naval History April 21, 2019
 
1861 Sloop-of-War Saratoga, commanded by Alfred Taylor, captures Nightingale, a clipper slaver, at the mouth of the Congo River at Cabinda, Angola, with 961 slaves on board.
1898 President William McKinley orders the Navy to begin a blockade of Cuba and Spain, the beginning of the Spanish-American War. Congress responds with a formal declaration of war April 25, made retroactive to the start of the blockade.
1914 President Woodrow Wilson orders intervention at Vera Cruz, Mexico, after the Tampico Affair where Sailors from USS Dolphin were detained. The U.S. Atlantic Fleet, under the command of Rear Adm. Frank F. Fletcher, land the first Marines and Sailors from USS Florida and USS Utah and engage in battle.
1944 Task Force 58 begins the bombing of Japanese airfields and defensive positions at Hollandia, Wakde, Sawar, and Sarmi, New Guinea, in preparation for the U.S. Army landing operations Persecution and Reckless.
1972 Navy Capt. John W. Young, commander of Apollo 16, is the ninth man to walk on the moon. Navy Lt. Cmdr. Thomas K. Mattingly II is the command module pilot for the 11-day, 1-hour and 51-minute mission where 213 pounds of lunar material is collected.
1990 USNS John Ericcson (T-AO 194) is launched at Chester, Penn. The Henry J. Kiser-class replenishment oiler is named for John Ericcson who designed USS Monitor.
2001 USS Lassen (DDG 82) is commissioned at Tampa, Fla., prior to sailing for her homeport in San Diego as part of Destroyer Squadron 23. The Flight IIA Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer is named after Lt. Clyde Everett Lassen, a Medal of Honor recipient for rescuing two downed aviators while he was the commander of a search and rescue helicopter in Vietnam.
 
Thanks to CHINFO
 
Executive Summary:
Today's national headlines are dominated by the public release of the Mueller report.  A Navy MH6-S Knighthawk rescued two spearfishermen in Guam after their boat sank reports Stars and Stripes. "This rescue highlighted the professionalism and efficiency of the Island Knight Team," said Lt. Cmdr. Sean Rice. France's Marine Nationale, the United Kingdom's Royal Navy and the U.S. Navy completed the U.S. 5th Fleet mine countermeasures exercise Artemis Trident in the Arabian Gulf.
 
This day in World History
 
April 19
1539

Emperor Charles V reaches a truce with German Protestants at Frankfurt, Germany.
1689

Residents of Boston oust their governor, Edmond Andros.
1764

The English Parliament bans the American colonies from printing paper money.
1775

The American Revolution begins as fighting breaks out at Lexington, Massachusetts.
1782

The Netherlands recognizes the United States.
1794

Tadeusz Kosciuszko forces the Russians out of Warsaw.
1802

The Spanish reopen New Orleans port to American merchants.
1824

English poet Lord George Gordon Byron dies of malaria at age 36 while aiding Greek independence.
1861

The Baltimore riots result in four Union soldiers and nine civilians killed.
1861

President Abraham Lincoln orders a blockade of Confederate ports.
1880

The Times war correspondent telephones a report of the Battle of Ahmed Khel, the first time news is sent from a field of battle in this manner.
1927

In China, Hankow communists declare war on Chiang Kai-shek.
1934

Shirley Temple appears in her first movie.
1938

General Francisco Franco declares victory in the Spanish Civil War.
1939

Connecticut finally approves the Bill of Rights.
1943

The Warsaw Ghetto uprising against Nazi rule begins.
1960

Baseball uniforms begin displaying player's names on their backs.
1971

Russia launches its first Salyut space station.
1977

Alex Haley receives a special Pulitzer Prize for his book Roots.
1982

NASA names Sally Ride to be the first woman astronaut.
1989

The battleship USS Iowa's number 2 turret explodes, killing sailors.
1993

The FBI ends a 51-day siege by storming the Branch Davidian religious cult headquarters in Waco, Texas.
1995

A truck bomb explodes in front of the federal building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people.




 
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Thanks to Carl…..Hmmmm
 
UPDATE on Notre Dame Fire: Here's what we know about what started the fire - Geller Report
 
(A good friend's husband has done restoration work most of his life on historic buildings in the DC area.  He said they always had a "fire watch" for four hours after work was completed!  Considering the historic significance of this building, the safety guidelines had to be extremely strict!  Yet the fire was declared an "accident" while still burning??)
 
UPDATE on Notre Dame Fire: Here's what we know about what started the fire
By Pamela Geller - on April 17, 2019
 
Here is a little background first from Maxime Lépante, our French correspondent in France:
 
Notre-Dame was one of the most important jewels of all human history. It started the "Gothic" architecture revolution, that was, from 12th to 15th century called "francigenum opus" ("French art") before being called "gothic" by the Italians. It's the epitome of Western civilization and christian art. The framing of the roof, which was one of the biggest masterpieces of human carpentry, is permanently destroyed. The stained glasses (biggest and most ancient rose windows in Europe) are probably saved.
Some other information :
1) the workers who were refurbishing the roof of Notre-Dame are among the best specialized craftsmen in the world, concerning the restauration of medieval monuments (their title is "Meilleur Ouvrier de France").They love their work, and take all the necessary precautions. They have worked in many rooms of the Castle of Versailles, they have restored many churches and cathedrals. For example, they worked during more than 20 years on the marvelous Strasbourg cathedral (I lived in Strasbourg and saw their progress), and there was never a single problem.
2) the workers stopped at 6:00 PM, the fire started at 6:50 PM, near scaffoldings, used to climb there.
3) no electricity was allowed near the roof, because it was made in wood and as a matter of security, every inflamable thing was banned too. So, to have a fire there, someone needed to bring something.
Here is the latest update from Maxime Lépante, our French correspondent in France (emphasis is mine):
This is an update about what we know today about the fire that destroyed the roof and parts of the vaults of Notre-Dame:
1) Restoration work hadn't started on the roof. The scaffolding were still being put in place. The architect in chief of the "Monuments Historiques" ("Historical Monuments", the administration that maintains and repairs monuments in France), Philippe Villeneuve, who was responsible for the refurbishing of the spire of Notre-Dame, has stated that : "Work had not started yet, scaffoldings were still being built".
2) Everything was done to avoid any source of heat near the wood of the roof. No electrical plug, no welding were allowed. So, Philippe Villeneuve says : "The hot spot hypothesis is therefore not the right one".
3) The head of the company that was building the scaffoldings (Europe Echafaudage) (Europe Scaffolding), Julien Le Bras, was interviewed by a French TV (BFM) : "All I can say for the time being is that at the moment of the fire, absolutely none of the employees of my company was present on site".
4) He added : "All safety procedures on the Notre-Dame de Paris site have been respected".
5) One of my friend sent me an email concerning the security on the roof of Notre-Dame. She has a diploma in Art history and studied in the "Ecole du Louvre" ("Louvre School", were students learn art history and restoration processes) : "I visited the framing of Notre Dame with architects of the "Bâtiments de France" ("Buildings of France", the highest rank for an architect in France), some years ago. This 13th century timber frame was extremely protected. Each intervention is always accompanied by historians, architects, experts; no work is envisaged without extreme caution; no source of heat, no torch, no electrical apparatus is allowed; a high-performance alarm system is in place; and very strict supervision of all people allowed there. I think we will eventually learn that this was arson."
6) So, as I said yesterday, with all these security measures, to have a fire on the roof of Notre-Dame,someone had to bring something there, and lit it up.
Sources :
For 1 and 2, see the article of "Le Monde", reserved to the paying members, but the important parts have been copied here:
For 3 and 4, see the article of the "Journal du Dimanche", here.
 
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Thanks to Dr. Rich……and he is right I had never heard of this. A little late in the war but so were the Soviets against Japan.
 
Bet you didn't know ....
… that Mexico deployed a fighter squadron to the Pacific in WW-II !!
 
Thanks to Billy
 
 
 
 
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Another from Dr. Rich
Thanks to Foster ….
 
 
Under the Bed
 
A woman, cranky because her husband was late coming home again, decided to leave a note saying, "I've had enough and left you so, don't bother coming after me." and hid under the bed to see his reaction.
After a short while the husband comes home and she could hear him in the kitchen before he comes into the bedroom. She could see him walking towards the dresser and pick up the note.  

After a few minutes he wrote something on it before picking up the phone and calling someone;

"She's finally gone……..yeah I know, about bloody time. I'm coming to pick you up so put on that sexy french gown. I love you". 

He hung up, grabbed his keys and left.

She heard the car drive off as she came out from under the bed, seething with rage and with tears in her eyes she grabbed the note to see what he wrote;   "I could see your feet. Stop being ridiculous. We're outta bread. Put the coffee on.....back in 5".
 
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Patriots' Day 2019, 15 April 2019
"Don't fire unless fired upon. But if they want a war let it begin here." —Captain John Parker, commander of the militiamen at Lexington, Massachusetts, on sighting British troops
On this day in 1775, American militiamen at Lexington and Concord confronted 700 British Red Coats and fired the opening volley for American Liberty. The British governor had ordered his troops to seize weapons in Concord. It is no small irony that the first shots of the Revolution were fired in response to a gun confiscation order.
 
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(Look who sponsored it!  Sen. Ted Cruz was co-sponsor.)
 
Senate calls for "Military Retiree Appreciation Day"

The Senate has passed a resolution (S.Res.118), sponsored by Sen. Elizabeth Warren (Mass.) that designates April 18, 2019 as Military Retiree Appreciation Day. The bipartisan measure recognizes, "the importance of paying tribute to those individuals who have faithfully served and retired from the Armed Forces of the United States. On this day, people of the United States are encouraged to honor the past and continued service of military retirees in their local communities and the United States."
 
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Thanks to Carl
 
The World's Internet Activity For One Minute
 
 
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Thanks to Geoff…He looked into the Japanese ship in last Friday's list
Skip, 
 
Just out of curiosity, I had to check. The Arimasan Maru led a charmed life, surviving the war despite multiple submarine attacks, and wasn't scrapped until 1970. 
 
 
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Thanks to Robert
 
ME
 
I used to think I was just a regular guy, but I was born white, which now, whether I like it or not, makes me a racist & responsible for why I am a fiscal & moral conservative, which by today's standards, makes me a fascist because I plan & support myself!!

I went to HS, worked through college, got a degree & have held a job, & am here not because I earned it but because I was advantaged. I am heterosexual, which according to gay folks, now makes me a homophobe.

I am non-union, which makes me a traitor to the working class & ally of big business

I am not a Muslim, which now labels me as an infidel

I believe in the 2nd Amendment, which makes me a member of the vast NRA gun lobby.

I am older than 65 & retired, making me a useless old man or woman who doesn't understand Facebook.

I think & I reason, so I doubt what main stream media tells me, which must make me a reactionary.

I am proud of my heritage & our inclusive American culture, making me a xenophobe.

I value my safety & that of my family, & I appreciate the police & the legal system, making me a right-wing, cop loving extremist.

I believe in hard work, fair play, & fair compensation according to each individual's merits, which today makes me an anti-socialist.

I believe our system guarantees freedom of effort - not freedom of outcome or subsidies which must make me a borderline sociopath.

I believe in the defense & protection of America for & by all citizens, now making me a militant

I am proud of our flag, what it stands for, & the many who died to let it fly so I stand & salute during our National Anthem, taking me back where I started - I must be a racist.

Please help me come to terms with the new me because I'm just not sure who I am anymore!

I thank my friends for sticking with me through these abrupt, new found changes to my thinking!

I just can't imagine or understand what's happened to me so quickly!Funny- it all took place over the last 7 or 8 years!

If all this nonsense wasn't enough to deal with, I don't know which restroom to use, & I gotta go!!!
 
 
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Thanks to Mud
 
It was interesting and at the same time sad.  It interested me that the legless Russian pilot took courage after reading about Sir Douglas Bader.
 
 
 
 
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Thanks to Phil
 
Carbon Dioxide
 
Thought I'd help you understand science and lies. 😁

 
Subject: Fwd: Carbon Dioxide: You Decide !! --EYE OPENING
You may have seen this before. 
This 3 min Australian video puts carbon dioxide in perspective.
You get the whole message in the first 30 seconds
 
 
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Some news from around the world
 
United Nations—Russian, U.S. Diplomats Decline To Support Resolution Calling For Libyan Cease-Fire Reuters | 04/19/2019 Russian and U.S. diplomats have said they cannot support a U.N. Security Council resolution calling for an immediate cease-fire in Libya, reports Reuters. Both sides on Thursday said they could not support the British-drafted resolution at this time. Russia is a known backer of eastern military leader Khalifa Haftar, who on April 4 launched a campaign to take the capital from the internationally-recognized government. U.S. opposition to the move is more surprising, especially in light of earlier public opposition to the offensive.  Some U.N. sources speculated that the U.S. was waiting until a policy was fully developed in the White House. The Security Council informally expressed concern over the attack on April 5 but has not yet taken no binding steps.
 
USA—Indo-Pacific Commander Requests Funding For 'Immediate And Necessary Resources' Wall Street Journal | 04/19/2019 The head of Indo-Pacific Command (USINDOPACOM) has expressed concern that funding has left the command inadequately prepared to confront regional threats, reports the Wall Street Journal. In a March letter to the Senate Armed Services Committee, Adm. Phil Davidson wrote that the 2020 budget did not include sufficient funding for "immediate and necessary resources." These shortfalls affect the readiness of units from all services, as well as construction projects to help allies, he said. Adm. Davidson requested additional funding to install the Aegis combat system on the command's destroyers and air and missile defense on Guam. The Trump administration has said it is working to prepare forces for a potential conflict with a near-peer adversary, shifting from smaller urban conflicts focused on the threat posed by insurgents.
 
USA—Washington To Keep Nuclear Stockpile Size Classified Federation of American Scientists | 04/19/2019 The U.S. government has stopped the practice of disclosing the size of its nuclear weapons stockpile, according to a press release from the Federation of American Scientists. In an April 5 letter, the Dept. of Energy declined to provide 2018 nuclear stockpile numbers in response to a request submitted by the Federation of American Scientists. "After careful consideration … it was determined that the requested information cannot be declassified at this time," said a departmental letter issued by the Formerly Restricted Data Declassification Working Group. No reason was provided for the decision. Formerly Restricted Data is a category of classification involving information relating to nuclear stockpile quantities, warhead yields and locations, according to the Dept. of Energy. In May 2010, President Barack Obama began issuing figures on the size the U.S. nuclear stockpile dating back to its beginning in 1945.  The U.S. nuclear stockpile consisted of 3,822 nuclear warheads as of Sept. 30, 2017.
 
Lithuania—NATO Battlegroup Testing Readiness In Eager Leopard Exercise Nato Press Release | 04/19/2019 NATO's multinational battlegroup in Lithuania is conducting a training exercise in Pabrade, reports the alliance. The Eager Leopard exercise began on Wednesday and aims to enhance the alliance's readiness and capabilities, said NATO. Around 650 troops from the Czech Republic, Germany, the Netherlands and Norway are participating in the drills. The exercise consists of three 36-hour training sequences focusing on defensive and offensive tactics. 
 
Germany—Keel Laid For Navy's Latest Braunschweig-Class Corvette Defense-Aerospace | 04/19/2019 Construction of a second batch of Braunschweig-class corvettes is set to begin later this month, reports defence-aerospace.com. German shipbuilder Lurssen Werft is scheduled to lay the keel for the Cologne on April 25 during a ceremony at its Peene shipyard in Wolgast, said a German navy release on Thursday. The Cologne is the first of five Braunschweig-class corvettes ordered in 2017. It will be followed by the Emden, Karlsruhe, Augsburg and Lubeck. The corvettes are being built as a joint venture between Lurssen Werft, ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems and German Naval Yards. Lurssen will build the foredeck of the Cologne at its Lemwerder shipyard, while the rear will be built in Peene. The sections will be assembled and equipped by ThyssenKrupp in Hamburg. Delivery is scheduled for 2022 with sea trials slated to begin in August of that year. 
 
United Kingdom—New IRA Suspected In Killing Of Journalist Armagh I | 04/19/2019 A journalist has been killed in Northern Ireland in what police say may be a terrorist incident, reports Armagh I (Northern Ireland). Lyra McKee, 29, was shot and killed on Thursday in Derry, said police. Police launched a search operation in the city's Creggan neighborhood, looking for weapons and ammunition, reported BBC News.  Authorities are fearful of violence marking the anniversary of the 1916 Easter Rising. Dissident activity has also increased amid fears that the U.K.'s departure from the E.U. could seal the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, a key element of the 1998 peace agreement that brought an end to decades of conflict know as the Troubles. Police vehicles were attacked with petrol bombs. McKee was shot while standing near a police vehicle.  Police said dissident republicans, possibly the New IRA, are likely behind the attack.   
 
Sweden—Saab Launches New SIGINT Ship For Navy Saab | 04/19/2019 Saab Kockums has launched a new signal intelligence (SIGINT) ship for the Royal Swedish Navy, reports the Swedish manufacturer.  The Artemis was formally launched on Wednesday during a ceremony at the Nauta shipyard in Gdynia, Poland, said a company release. The vessel will be fitted with its technical systems at Nauta shipyard before undergoing harbor and sea trials. It will then sail to Saab's shipyard in Karlskrona for the installation and commissioning of equipment for signal surveillance, said the Swedish Defense Materiel Agency (FMV). The Artemis is 243 feet (74 m) long and displaces 2,200 tons. It is set to replace the navy's aging signal and intelligence gathering vessel Orion (A201), which has been in service since 1981. Delivery of the new vessel is scheduled for 2020.    
 
Russia—Kremlin Confirms Meeting Putin's Planned With Kim Tass | 04/19/2019 The Kremlin says that a planned meeting between President Vladimir Putin and North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un will take place in April, reports Russia's Tass news agency. Putin and Kim will meet in Russia before the end of the month, according to the statement issued on Thursday.  The Yonhap news agency (Seoul) previously reported that the summit could be held in the far eastern city of Vladivostok.  This is believed to be the first face-to-face meeting between the two, noted ABC News.  The announcement comes as U.S. negotiator Stephen Biegun is set to head to Moscow for meetings with Russian officials.  A summit between Kim and President Trump in February ended without an expected deal. On Thursday, North Korea announced its first weapons test since November.   
 
Russia—Aging Nuclear Cruisers, Submarines To Be Scrapped By 2021 Interfax-Military News Agency | 04/19/2019 The Russian Defense Ministry has decided to scrap six nuclear-powered missile cruisers and submarines, reports Interfax-AVN (Russia). The ministry plans to scrap two guided missile cruisers, the Adm. Ushakov and Adm. Lazarev; three Delta III-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines, the Petropavlovsky-Kamchatsky (K-221), Podolsk (K-223) and Svyatoy Georgiy Pobedonosets (K-433); and one Victor-classsubmarine, Daniil Moskovsky (B-414), said sources cited by Russia's Izvestia newspaper. The navy has completely exhausted the potential for modernization and it no longer makes sense to overhaul the ships, according to experts. The program is expected to cost US$42 million and be completed by 2021, the sources said. The Adm. Ushakov was decommissioned in 2002. Plans were made to overhaul the Adm. Lazarev in the 2010s but these do not appear to have come to fruition.   
 
South Korea—Seoul, Paris Agree To Strengthen Defense Ties Yonhap | 04/19/2019 The governments of South Korea and France have agreed to strengthen bilateral defense cooperation, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). On Thursday, the French Director-General for International Relations and Strategy Alice Guitton met with Chung Suk Hwan, the South Korean deputy defense minister for policy, for a strategic defense dialogue in Seoul. The officials discussed strengthening defense cooperation, including peacekeeping operations, personnel exchanges and maritime security, said the South Korean Ministry of Defense.  The officials also touched on efforts to maintain stability on the Korean peninsula. The strategic dialogue between the two countries first began in 2007. The last session was held in Paris in 2017.   
 
Afghanistan—Promised Conference Between Kabul And Taliban Postponed New York Times | 04/19/2019 Talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban in Qatar have been called off, reports the New York Times. On Thursday, the Center for Conflict and Humanitarian Studies in Doha, which was set to host the two-day conference, said that efforts to save the talks had not succeeded.  The militant group reportedly balked at the size of the government delegation. Officials in Qatar attempted to create a compromise list, but this failed to satisfy Afghan officials, reported the Wall Street Journal.  Kabul chose its list of attendees from the ranks of Afghan politicians, officials, anti-Soviet fighters and representatives of civil society, including women's groups.  Several rounds of talks between the Taliban and U.S. Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation Zalmay Khalilzad have brought the two sides closer. But the Taliban has thus far refused to negotiate directly with the government in Kabul, which it says is a puppet controlled by the U.S.
 
 
Israel—Palestinian Woman Killed In West Bank i24news | 04/19/2019 A Palestinian has been wounded while protesting a hit-and-run collision that claimed the life of a Palestinian school teacher, reports I-24 News (Israel). On Thursday, a 43-year-old teacher was killed in the village of Tekoa, near Bethlehem after she was struck by a car driven by an Israeli settler. Initial reports suggested the two were involved in an accident. When the woman exited her car, the Israeli driver left the scene, striking and killing her. Israeli soldiers arrived to secure the area.   
 
Ethiopia—President Names New Defense Minister Borkena | 04/19/2019 Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has appointed a new defense minister, reports Borkena (Ethiopia). Parliament approved the appointment of Lemma Megersa as defense minister on Thursday. Megersa had served as the president of Oromia state since October 2016. He replaces Aisha Mohammed, who was appointed as urban development and construction minister. Gedu Andargachew was appointed as foreign minister in the same vote. He serve as president of Amhara state until early last month.  
 
Mali—Government Resigns As Outrage Over Violence Grows  British Broadcasting Corp. | 04/19/2019 The Malian government has resigned amid discontent over rising violence, reports BBC News. On Thursday, Prime Minister Soumeylou Boubeye Maiga and his Cabinet resigned, one day after Parliament filed a no-confidence motion, reported Reuters. President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita accepted the resignation and said a new government would be formed soon.  Mali has struggled with violence since a coalition of Islamist and separatist fighters overran the country's north in 2012.  Anger has grown since a March 23 attack on the village of Ogossagou, in which 160 civilians were killed. The attack was believed to have been carried out by a rival ethnic group, which accused members of the village of supporting terrorists.  
 
South Africa—2 Injured In AW109 Crash African News Agency | 04/19/2019 Two South African military personnel have been injured after their helicopter crashed in Gauteng province, reports the African News Agency (Cape Town). The AW109 utility helicopter crashed on Thursday near a golf course in Centurion, said paramedics. It was headed to Air Force Base Swartkop in Pretoria for refueling, reported Defence Web (South Africa). Photographs of the downed aircraft show extensive damage that is likely beyond repair. The cause of the crash remains unknown. An investigation into the incident has been launched, said a military spokesman.  
 
Democratic Republic of the Congo—ISIS Claims Attack In N. Kivu Bloomberg News | 04/19/2019 ISIS has claimed its first attack in the Democratic Republic of Congo, reports Bloomberg News. The U.S.-based SITE Intelligence group first revealed the attack on Thursday, citing propaganda spread through the terrorist group's Amaq news agency. The attack targeted Congolese troops in Kamango, near the Ugandan border, according to a copy of the statement reviewed by Military Periscope.  The statement did not indicate when the attack took place but said that several troops were killed or wounded.  A U.N. source told Reuters two soldiers and a civilian were killed on Tuesday in Bovata, near Beni, the epicenter for the country's Ebola outbreak. The attack was blamed on the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), an Islamist rebel group from Uganda that is blamed for many attacks in the DRC.  ADF leaders have reportedly made overtures to several international Islamist terror groups, including ISIS, noted the Long War Journal.  In October 2017, videos began circulating that called for ISIS sympathizers to travel to the DRC. This is believed to be the first action recognized by ISIS leadership in the country since then.                             Demonstrations and confrontations followed the woman's burial. During clashes near Bethlehem, Israeli soldiers fired fired live ammunition, rubber-coated bullets, and tear gas, reported the Palestinian Ma'an news agency. A Palestinian protestor was shot and injured. Video showed him being carried away as clashes continued.                                                                      
 


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