Thursday, April 11, 2019

TheList 4970

The List 4970     TGB

To All,
I hope that you are having a good week
This day in Naval History April 11, 2019
1783 Congress declares the cessation of arms against Great Britain, just a few days after British Parliament passed a similar resolution, thus ending hostilities of the American Revolution.
1944 USS Redfin (SS 272) sinks the Japanese destroyer Akigumo in the eastern entrance to Basilan Strait.
1945 The kamikaze attacks during the Okinawa Campaign damage eight Navy ships.
1970 Apollo 13 is launched, commanded by Navy Capt. James A. Lovell. The ship endures an explosion forcing an immediate return to Earth. Recovery is by helicopters from USS Iwo Jima (LPH 2).
1991 The U.N. Security Council declares a formal cease-fire ending the Persian Gulf War.
1992 USS Annapolis (SSN 760) is commissioned at the Electric Boat Division at Groton, Conn. The 10th of her Los Angeles "Improved" class of attack submarines.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Leading today's national headlines is the ongoing coverage following US Attorney General William Barr's testimony before a Senate Appropriations subcommittee yesterday. USNI News reports that the Navy intends to drop all criminal charges against two officers for their roles in the 2017 USS Fitzgerald collision and that they will be issued letters of censure from Secretary of the Navy Richard V. Spencer. Speaking at the 17th Regional Alumni Symposium, Arctic and Cyber Security conference in Bergen, Norway, Adm. James G. Foggo III said the United States is committed to a free and open Arctic. "It's nobody's lake. The Arctic is an international domain, and that is why we are interested in keeping it free and open." USNI News also reports that CNO Adm. John Richardson said that the Navy isn't anticipating changes in how it deals with the naval branch of Iran's Islamic Revolution Guards Corps.
April 11
The forces of the Holy League are heavily defeated by the French at the Battle of Ravenna.
The Treaty of Utrecht is signed, ending the War of Spanish Succession. France cedes Maritime provinces to Britain.
After receiving a copy of the provisional treaty on 13 March, Congress proclaims a formal end to hostilities with Great Britain.
Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba.
American President William McKinley asks Congress for declaration of war with Spain.
German bombers blitz Coventry, England.
Detachment 101 of the OSS--a guerrilla force--is activated in Burma.
After two frustrating days of being repulsed and absorbing tremendous casualties, the Red Army finally takes the Seelow Heights north of Berlin.
President Truman fires General Douglas MacArthur as head of United Nations forces in Korea.
Israel begins the trial of Adolf Eichman, accused of war crimes during WWII.
Folk singer Bob Dylan performs in New York City for the first time, opening for John Lee Hooker.
President Johnson signs the 1968 Civil Rights Act.
The Judiciary committee subpoenas President Richard Nixon to produce tapes for impeachment inquiry.
President Ronald Reagan returns to the White House from hospital after recovery from an assassination attempt.
Dodge Morgan sails solo nonstop around the world in 150 days.
The United Nations Security Council issues formal ceasefire with Iraq.
Forty-three African nations sign the African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty.
As a side note to this item click on the Speak like a Sailor below. Very informative and entertaining
Thanks to the Naval History and Heritage Command
Submarine Force's 118th Birthday.
Happy Birthday Submariners! The submarine force will celebrate its birthday on April 11. On March 17, 1898, the Navy's first submarine, Holland VI, successfully passed rigorous diving and surfacing testing in the waters off Staten Island, NY. She was the first submarine to have the power to run submerged for any considerable distance. The Navy purchased her on April 11, 1900, for $150,000 and ordered six more submarines of her type. Upon commissioning on Oct. 12, 1900, the Navy renamed her USS Holland (SS-1) after engineer John Philip Holland, who was responsible for her design. To see how far submarines have come, check out the Evolution of the U.S. Navy Submarine infographic at NHHC's website.
Have you ever wondered why morning coffee is called "cuppa Joe" or why gossip is synonymous with the term "scuttlebutt?" Now you can learn the origins of Navy language courtesy of this week's Webpage of the Week, Speak Like a Sailor, on NHHC's Heritage webpages. Learn nautical terms and phrases with their meaning and origin defined. Immerse yourself in infographics that tell us the meaning of "Side Boys" and "Field Day." Check it out today.
I hope that the attachment came through.
The Flying Drumstick
An A-6 driver's perspective.
Good short story by Coontz.
He of course wrote the Flight of the Intruder and other great books.
Thanks  to Dutch
Alarmists or not?
If this might blow, well, we'd have some real 'climate change' to talk about
Is something brewing? Geologists discover a new hotspot in Yellowstone supervolcano that's killing off trees in a patch of warm land the size of FOUR soccer fields
Scientists spotted growing 'tree kill zone' where the ground appears to be warm
It's been forming over roughly the last 20 years in Yellowstone back country 
The experts say it's no cause for concern, and is in line with expected activity 
Published: 16:21 EDT, 5 April 2019 | Updated: 19:34 EDT, 5 April 2019
A new thermal area has popped up in Yellowstone National Park, in yet another sign of the ever-changing magma activity beneath the surface.
Satellite images have revealed an expanse of about eight acres – or the equivalent of four soccer fields – where the ground is warmer than its surroundings, causing the trees and vegetation in that patch to die off.
While scientists have only just confirmed its existence, the United State Geological Survey (USGS) estimates it's been forming over the last 20 or so years.
Some interesting articles from Chuck's Beltway News
"Servant of the King" seal unearthed in City of David Once again, the archaeological find of yet another unearthed artifact not only supports Jerusalem to be an ancient Jewish city, it corroborate (sic) the accounts written in the Holy Bible. A Rare and Exciting Discovery: A 2,600-year-old seal with impression bearing the words: "belongs to NathanMelech, Servant of the King." The Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) reports that the seal was excavated in the City of David along the south-eastern slopes of the Temple Mount and is dated to the First Temple period. The name Nathan-Melech appears only once in the Bible, in II Kings 23:11, where he is described as an official in the court of King Josiah, who participated in a cleansing of the Temple precincts that King Josiah initiated. "And he took away the horses that the kings of Judah had given to the sun, at the entrance of the house of the Lord, by the chamber of Nathan-Melech the officer, which was in the precincts; and he burned the chariots of the sun with fire."
Pirate weapons excavated from Blackbeard's ship show life was violent on the high seas Blackbeard boarded Lt. Robert Maynard's ship three centuries ago armed with pistols and a cutlass, ready to die before surrendering. He fought viciously, but in less than 10 minutes on Nov. 22, 1718, Blackbeard and his crew were either dead or had surrendered. The tall, lean pirate known for his long beard tied with ribbons finally fell to the deck with five gunshot wounds and impaled 20 times by swords or knives. Pirates like Blackbeard used an array of weapons to take their prey or battle enemies in a fight to the death. They fired their cannons — or guns as they were known — to warn rather than sink the ship. If the ship's crew wanted to fight, then so be it. A storm of violence would follow. "It would be no holds barred," said David Moore, curator for the North Carolina Maritime Museum in Beaufort. A free traveling exhibit of artifacts from Blackbeard's flagship, the "Queen Anne's Revenge," is on display at the ticket sales gallery at Roanoke Island Festival Park until May 31. The exhibit is from the North Carolina Maritime Museum, a division of the state's Department of Natural and Cultural Resources. Month&utm_campaign=Top+Stories+-+Actives+%28Reg%29
US skyscrapers kill 600 million — yes, million — birds every year Around 600 million birds die every year in the United States after striking tall buildings — with Chicago, Houston and Dallas being especially deadly, according to research from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Attracted to the artificial light in high-rise blocks, birds can become disorientated and crash into walls — many of which are made of glass — suffering injury and often death. The issue is particularly stark during migratory seasons in spring and fall, when billions of birds pass through the central United States on their way between Canada and Latin America, according to the ornithology lab, which has just issued a list of the most dangerous cities for migrating birds. It estimates that well over half a billion birds are dying in this way every year in America. Chicago is the most dangerous place for birds during both seasons, closely followed by Houston and Dallas. There, accidents kill birds that have covered thousands of miles on their journeys only to perish in seconds as they collide with glass buildings. Kyle Horton is the lead author of the study, published in the journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment last week. "Chicago, Houston, and Dallas are uniquely positioned in the heart of North America's most trafficked aerial corridors. This, in combination with being some of the largest cities in the US, make them a serious threat to the passage of migrants, regardless of season," he said in a statement posted online by The Cornell Lab of Ornithology. It is hard to quantify the exact number of casualties, but research published by The Condor: Ornithological Applications in 2014 suggested that as many as 1 billion birds die as a result each year in the US alone. "This magnitude of mortality would place buildings behind only free-ranging domestic cats among sources of direct human-caused mortality of birds," that report concluded. Skyscrapers are at the heart of the problem, according to New York City Audubon, which aims to protect wild birds and their natural habitat in the city — which ranked seventh-worst for the spring migration and was the fifth-worst during the fall.
Stunned Scientist: 'It's Like Seeing a Dinosaur' Researchers discover a new kind of killer whale This undated photo provided by Paul Tixier in March 2019 shows a Type D killer whale. Scientists are waiting for test results from a tissue sample, which could give them the DNA evidence to prove the new type is a distinct species. (Paul Tixier/CEBC CNRS/MNHN Paris via AP) A killer whale is hard to miss, and yet we did—for decades. Now scientists have discovered what could be a new species of killer whale thriving in a very inhospitable part of the world, reports. Dubbed Type D, the whales were first recorded in 1955 when 17 stranded on a beach in New Zealand. Their narrow dorsal fins, rounded heads, and small white "eyepatch" made them different, but scientists suspected it was a genetic aberration. Exactly 50 years later, California researcher Bob Pitman saw photos of unusual killer whales near commercial fishing vessels in the southern Indian Ocean. Soon he and his colleagues spotted six more sightings amid Antarctic tourist photos.
Hope for two million cancer patients: New immunotherapy is the first to shrink lung, breast and mesothelioma tumors • Immunotherapy is the most cutting edge treatment in cancer therapies • The treatment reprograms patient's immune cells to attack cancer cells • So far, one of the leading forms is CAR T therapy, but it only works against blood cancers like non-Hodkins lymphoma • But in a world-first, Memorial Sloan Kettering scientists have developed a version of CAR T therapy that can treat hard cell tumors • The new study is an early-stage trial, but the therapy shrunk treatmentresistant mesothelioma, breast and lung tumors
Thanks to H-Gram 18 from AdmiralCox
A Presidential Unit Citation for a Failed Attack: USS Tunny's Second War Patrol, 9 April 1943
It was a submarine skipper's dream come true. On the night of 9 April 1943, the Japanese convoy was right where naval intelligence reports said it would be, approaching the Japanese stronghold at Truk Island in the central Carolines, and the submarine USS Tunny(SS-282) was in the perfect position. On the surface, but ballasted down with decks awash, Tunny's skipper, Lieutenant Commander John A. Scott could see off his port bow a column of ships led by a destroyer, followed by a large aircraft carrier. Off his starboard bow was another column, led by a destroyer, followed by two smaller aircraft carriers. At a range of about 880 yards, Scott set up to take out all three carriers, when out of the darkness came three motor torpedo boats, forcing him to submerge. Nevertheless, Tunny fired all four stern tubes at the smaller carrier and all six bow tubes at the large carrier. The shots appeared to be perfect, and seven of the ten torpedoes were heard to detonate at the right time. Back in Pearl Harbor, the attack was hailed as the greatest of the war to date, only to have the euphoria dashed by subsequent deciphered Japanese messages confirming the safe arrival at Truk of all ships in the convoy. The Japanese traffic also confirmed that only the escort carrier Taiyo had been slightly damaged, and that all the torpedoes that would otherwise have been hits had prematurely detonated just short of their targets. Despite the result, Scott's attack would be rightly lauded as a superb example of daring and skill. The results of the attack provided yet more confirmation of what many submarine skippers had been saying for months: U.S. torpedoes were unacceptably defective. Tunny and Scott would go on to earn a second Presidential Unit Citation on her fifth war patrol, dueling and sinking a Japanese submarine, and damaging the super-battleship MusashiTaiyo led a charmed life for a while, surviving four attacks and two torpedo hits from U.S. submarines, before finally succumbing to torpedoes from the submarine USS Rasher (SS-269) on 18 August 1944, sinking with heavy loss of life (estimated about 800). For more on USS Tunny's extraordinary second war patrol, please see attachment H-018-3.
Thanks to Z-man for this one


June 15, 1971 Novosel served in three wars during his time in the military, initially enlisting in the Army Air Corps and becoming a captain who flew B-29 bombers in 1945. He also fought during the Korean War as a pilot before leaving the military to work in commercial aviation. In the 1960s, he learned he had glaucoma, disqualifying him from flying as a civilian. He was inspired by President John F. Kennedy's call for Americans to ask what they could do for their country, and decided to re-enlist in the Army, which needed combat pilots in Vietnam and chose to waive the glaucoma disqualification. He'd become a lieutenant colonel in the Air Force, but had to accept a lower rank of chief warrant officer in the Army. His first tour ended in 1967. His second was with the 82nd Medical Detachment, 45th Medical Company, 68th Medical Group. He was a "dustoff" pilot — an airman who flew helicopters into battle to hover long enough to evacuate injured soldiers. His mission on Oct. 2, 1969, was to fly into the Kien Tuong Province to rescue a group of South Vietnamese soldiers who were surrounded by the North Vietnamese near the Cambodian border. All of the men on the ground were out of ammunition and had no radio communication, so Novosel had to repeatedly circle the area under heavy enemy fire and without cover or fire support. He and his crew flew low and scooped up the injured men, making six trips to drop off men at a Special Forces camp for medical attention. On his final trip, he saw a soldier close to an enemy bunker. Despite knowing he'd draw more fire, he went in backward so the man could be pulled on board. One of the enemy soldiers opened fire at close range, damaging the helicopter and hitting Novosel in the leg and hand. He nearly lost control of the helicopter, but managed to lift off and get everyone to safety. He and his men would save 29 soldiers that day, and during his two tours in Vietnam, Novosel reportedly evacuated more than 5,000 men. In early 1970, Novosel's son, Michael Jr., was a recent Army flight school graduate and was assigned to his father's unit. The two were reportedly the only father-and-son team to fly together in the same unit in combat. Novosel completed his tour in 1970, and the next spring, he learned that he was to receive the Medal of Honor. His presentation was delayed so that his son could finish his tour and attend the ceremony. On June 15, 1971, President Richard Nixon presented Novosel with his medal. Novosel died on April 2, 2006, at age 83.
Some news from around the world
United Kingdom—Assange Arrested After Ecuador Withdraws Asylum Nbc News | 04/11/2019 Police in London have arrested WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, reports NBC News.  The Kremlin-backed Ruptly news agency released a video on Thursday showing Assange being led into a police car outside of the Ecuadorian Embassy.  Assange will appear at the Westminster Magistrates' Court "as soon as is possible," said officials.  Police said they were invited to enter the embassy, where Assange had resided under diplomatic protection since 2012.  Ecuadorian President Lenin Moreno said Assange's asylum was withdrawn due to repeated violations of international conventions, reported BBC News.  Assange was wanted by British police for skipping bail in August 2012, while he was under investigation on sexual assault and rape charges in Sweden. London police later confirmed that he was arrested under an extradition warrant. The U.S. plans to seek Assange's extradition in connection with sealed federal charges, sources said.    
Sudan—Army Ousts Bashir Cable News Network | 04/11/2019 Sudanese President Omar Bashir has stepped down under pressure from the army, reports CNN.  On Thursday morning, the head of Sudan's four primary security organizations told President Bashir that there was no alternative but for him to step down, military sources said.  Defense Minister Awad Mohamed Ahmed Ibn Auf said that Bashir had been forced from power and his government dissolved. A military council has been established to oversee a two-year transition of power. The minister declared a three-month state of emergency. Bashir is reportedly under house arrest.  Witnesses in the capital, Khartoum, told Al Jazeera (Qatar) that the army was deployed to the streets. Some protests continued.  The Sudanese Professionals Association, which has organized many of the recent demonstrations, called on the military to hand power to a civilian transitional government. Protesters should continue to demonstrate until a civilian government is formed, the organization said.  The Sudanese Intelligence Agency has ordered the release of political prisoners, reported the state-run Sudan News Agency.  Anti-government protests began in December against rising food prices and quickly expanded.  The situation escalated on Tuesday following clashes between soldiers and civilian security forces that killed at least 11 people.    
Egypt—Government Withdraws From U.S. Arab Security Initiative Reuters | 04/11/2019 Egypt has withdrawn from a U.S.-led alliance designed to isolate Iran, reports Reuters.  Cairo did not send a delegation to a meeting of the Middle East Security Alliance (MESA) on Sunday in Saudi Arabia, said a source.  Washington was informed of the decision beforehand, the source said.   MESA has been called the "Arab NATO" and is intended to form a bloc of Sunni Arab countries to stand against Shi'ite Persian Iran. It also aims to limit Chinese and Russian expansion in the Middle East, according to White House documents.  Many details of the plan remain hazy and the White House has not provided clarification, said one source.  One Saudi source said the project was "not moving well." It has been hampered by international condemnation of the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul and the ongoing Saudi-led economic and political boycott of Qatar.  Cairo is unlikely to return to the alliance, said one source.  The MESA group includes Bahrain, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and the U.S.   
USA—Middle East Peace Plan Could Be Unveiled Later This Month ABC News | 04/11/2019 The Trump administration is preparing to unveil its Middle East peace plan, reports ABC News.  Following Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's re-election on Tuesday, the White House is prepared to release the plan as early as this month, sources said.  The Ramadan and Passover holidays could push back the release, sources said.  Trump is reportedly waiting for Netanyahu to announce a coalition government, which could take up to six weeks, reported Reuters.  The effort has been spearheaded by Trump's son-in-law, Jared Kushner, who has visited allies and partners in the Middle East to champion the deal.  The text of the plan has been kept secret. Only four people in the administration have viewed the agreement in its entirety.  Sources said the proposal involves substantial investment and economic development projects. It is said to address core issues, such as the status of Jerusalem. It is not clear if it will propose the creation of a Palestinian state, a core demand of Palestinians.   
USA—Charges To Be Dropped Against Officers Involved In Fitzgerald Collision USNI News | 04/11/2019 The Navy is expected to drop criminal charges against officers involved in the fatal 2017 collision of the destroyer USS Fitzgerald, reports USNI News.  A letter sent to families of the victims said that the service would drop charges against Cmdr. Bryce Benson, the ship's skipper, and Lt. Natalie Combs, the tactical action officer.  The letter written by Chief of Naval Operations Adm. John Richardson cited "legal reasons that impede the continued prosecution."  Both officers will receive letters of censure from Navy Secretary Richard Spencer. The letters carry no legal weight but can impact officers' careers.  Both officers were previously dismissed from their posts and received non-judicial punishment, the Navy said, as quoted by CNN.  In January 2018, the Navy announced charges against four officers on the Fitzgerald, including hazarding a vessel, criminal negligence and negligent homicide. Seven sailors were killed in June 2017 when the Fitzgerald collided with a Philippine container ship about 80 nautical miles southwest of Tokyo, reported the Stars and Stripes.    
USA—STRATCOM Chief Nominated As Vice Chairman Of JCS Stars And Stripes | 04/11/2019 The White House has nominated Air Force Gen. John Hyten as the next vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, reports the Stars and Stripes. Hyten was formally nominated on Monday, according to Senate records. If confirmed, he would become the 11th vice chief, replacing Air Force Gen. Paul Selva who is set to retire later this year. Selva will have completed two two-year terms in the post, noted Defense News. Hyten has headed U.S. Strategic Command since November 2016, which oversees the military's nuclear programs, operations to deter other nuclear powers, homeland missile defense and all military space operations. The general has advocated for the new U.S. Space Command and has supported efforts to establish the Space Force as a sixth military branch. He has called for the modernization of the U.S. nuclear enterprise and investment in advanced space-based missile defense systems to counter adversaries such as Russia and China. The nomination could be seen as a consolation prize for the Air Force, which was considered due to provide a JCS chairman. President Trump nominated Army Gen. Mark Milley for the top post in late 2018.     
Bulgaria—Navy Tries Again With Patrol Boat Project Defense News | 04/11/2019 Bulgaria says it expects three companies to compete for a program to build new patrol boats, reports Defense News.  Italian shipbuilder Fincantieri, German firm Lurssen and Bulgaria's MTG Dolphin have said they will file bids before the April 16 deadline, Rear Adm. Motko Petev told Bulgarian National Radio.  The program has been valued at US$567 million. Plans call for the first boat to be delivered by 2023 and the second the following year.  The bidding process was relaunched in November after a previous deal to acquire the boats was cancelled in late 2017 after the only bidder, MTG Dolphin, withdrew, citing changes in tax law that affected the contract's profitability.  Bulgaria is seeking bolster its naval capabilities due to growing concerns about Russian activity in the Black Sea region.    
Armenia—New Accord To Expand Defense Cooperation With Prague Public Radio of Armenia | 04/11/2019 The defense ministers of Armenia and the Czech Republic have signed an agreement to strengthen defense cooperation, reports the Public Radio of Armenia. On Tuesday, Armenian Defense Minister David Tonoyan hosted his Czech counterpart, Lubomir Metnar, in Yerevan to discuss regional and international security. During the meeting, the ministers signed a cooperation agreement outlining areas of mutual interest, partnership and procedures, Tonoyan said. The agreement expands the terms of a 2010 accord to include technical fields as part of efforts to boost bilateral ties, noted Asbarez(Los Angeles).   
Tuvalu—Police Force Receives Patrol Boat From Australia Radio New Zealand | 04/11/2019 The government of Tuvalu has taken delivery of a Guardian-class patrol boat donated by Australia, reports Radio New Zealand. The Te Mataili II was formally handed over in a ceremony on April 7 at the Austal shipyard in Henderson in Western Australia, reported IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. The vessel will be operated by the maritime surveillance unit of the Tuvalu Police Force. The steel-hulled Guardian-class patrol boat is 130 feet (40 m) long, can accommodate up to 23 people and reach speeds of 20 knots. The vessel can be armed with 30-mm main gun and has port and starboard mounts for 12.7-mm machine guns. The Te Mataili II is the second of 21 Guardian-class patrol boats to be supplied by Australia to East Timor and 12 Pacific island nations as part of efforts to boost regional security. The Ted Diro, the first vessel under the program, was delivered to Papua New Guinea in November.  The patrol boats are scheduled to be delivered to participating countries about once every quarter. The last vessel is slated for delivery to East Timor in October 2023, according to the Australian Dept. of Defense.   
Philippines—3 Troops Die In Abu Sayyaf Ambush In Basilan Philippine Daily Inquirer | 04/11/2019 Three Philippine security personnel have been killed in an attack in the southern Basilan province, reports the Philippine Daily Inquirer. On Wednesday, a soldier and two militiamen were ambushed by Abu Sayyaf militants while riding on motorcycles in the town of Sumisip, said an army official. A firearm belonging to the security forces was seized by the militants following the attack, the official said. The soldier was identified as belonging to the 4th Special Forces Battalion. The two militiamen were both members of the local Citizen Armed Force Geographical Unit. The militants are believed to be under the command of Pasil Bayali, a sub-leader of Furuji Indama, who is the head of Abu Sayyaf in Basilan, the official said. The attack demonstrated that Abu Sayyaf is incapable of engaging Philippine security forces head on and must resort to "diversionary tactics" in the province, said Lt. Gen. Arnel Dela Vega, the commander of the Western Mindanao Command, as quoted by ABS-CBN News.
  Afghanistan—Additional Silvershield Systems Ordered To Protect Vehicles From IEDs Australian Dept. Of Defense | 04/11/2019 The Australian Dept. of Defense has awarded Brisbane-based L3 Micreo a contract for additional counter-improvised explosive devices (C-IED) systems for the Afghan security forces. The contract, the value of which was not disclosed, covers the production, manufacture and delivery of more than 14,000 Silvershield units, said a departmental release on Wednesday. The Silvershield protects against radio-controlled IEDs and is designed to operate in the harsh environment of Afghanistan, the release said.  An initial batch of 16,000 units was delivered to Afghanistan in 2018.  
Australia—Order Placed For MC-55A Peregrine Electronic Warfare Aircraft L-3 Communications | 04/11/2019 L3 Technologies says that it has received a contract for electronic warfare aircraft for the Royal Australian Air Force. The deal, which is valued at more than US$1 billion (Aus$1.4 billion), covers four MC-55A Peregrine aircraft, said a company release on Tuesday. A schedule for the program was not disclosed. The Peregrine is a modified Gulfstream G550 aircraft with an integrated mission system that provides advanced airborne electronic warfare capability. The Australian aircraft will be integrated into the military's joint network, linking platforms such as the F-35A fighter jet, E-7A Wedgetailearly warning aircraft, EA-18G Growler electronic attack jet, navy surface combatants and amphibious assault ships and ground assets, the release said. The project includes airframe modifications to accommodate mission systems and secure communications systems; a self-protection suite; ground-based data-processing systems; and crew training services.     
Turkey—Military Targets PKK Positions In N. Iraq Anadolu News Agency | 04/11/2019 The Turkish air force has carried out a series of airstrikes against Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) positions in northern Iraq, reports the Anadolu Agency (Turkey). Wednesday's attacks targeted shelters, ammunition depots and weapon pits used by the PKK in the Zap, Gara and Avasin-Basyan regions, said the Turkish Defense Ministry. Separately, the defense ministry announced on Tuesday that it had killed a wanted PKK terrorist in an operation in northern Iraq, reported the Daily Sabah (Istanbul). Mehmet Soysuren was said to lead the special operations forces of the PKK. Ankara considers the PKK to be a terrorist organization. The group has been responsible for the deaths of more than 40,000 people, including women and children, during its nearly 30-year insurgency in Turkey, according to Ankara. Turkey routinely conducts cross-border raids against alleged PKK positions in northern Iraq.     
Libya—56 Killed In Clashes In Tripoli, U.N. Says Reuters | 04/11/2019 The U.N. says that at least 56 people have been killed and 6,000 displaced in fighting in the Libyan capital, Tripoli, reports Reuters.  Fighting continued on Thursday as forces loyal to Khalifa Haftar tried to take Tripoli, where Libya's internationally-recognized government is based. Haftar's forces advanced quickly across much of the country but have stalled south of Tripoli, where they are fighting around shuttered Tripoli International Airport and the Yarmouk camp, reported the Libya Express.  On Wednesday, Reuters reported that France had blocked an E.U. statement calling on Haftar to halt his offensive.  French diplomatic officials said they wanted to include language mentioning the plight of migrants in Libya and the presence of extremists in Tripoli.  At least 56 people have been killed and 266 wounded in the last week of fighting, according to the World Health Organization. Most of the fatalities were combatants, the organization said.    
Niger—ISIS Claims Responsibility For Deadly Attacks On Police In Diffa Region Agence France-Presse | 04/11/2019 At least one police officer has been killed in a militant attack in Niger's southeastern Diffa region, reports Agence France-Presse.  On Tuesday and Wednesday, militants wearing suicide vests attacked a police barracks Diffa city, said the secretary-general of Diffa governorate Yahaya Godi.  The attackers took refuge in the home of a police officer and held several family members hostage before detonating their vests. It was unclear if members of the family were killed in the blast.  Initial figures suggested that two security personnel and two jihadists were killed. Radio France International reported that two gendarmes were killed and four injured and a soldier was wounded in an operation to free thee the hostages.  On Wednesday, ISIS said that fighters from the Islamic State-West Africa were responsible for the attack. Islamic State-West Africa(ISWA) is led by Abu Mus'ab Al-Barnawi, the son of the late Boko Haram founder Mohamed Yusef.  ISWA attacks are increasing in Diffa, noted the Voice of America News.  At least 88 civilians were killed in the region in March, according to U.N. statistics.      
Nigeria—Army Foils Boko Haram Attack In Yobe State Daily Trust | 04/11/2019 The Nigerian army says it has foiled an attempted Boko Haram attack in the northeastern Yobe state, reports the Daily Trust (Abuja). On Tuesday, troops ambushed Boko Haram militants attempting to infiltrate Damaturu, the capital of Yobe, after receiving intelligence of the planned attack, said an army spokesman cited by the News Agency of Nigeria. The terrorists were overwhelmed by the army's firepower, including air support from a fighter jet, he said. Many of the militants were killed and injured in the attack, the spokesman said. No troop or civilian casualties were reported. Soldiers recovered two armed trucks; two anti-aircraft guns; one 60-mm mortar; four AK-47 rifles; one machine gun; and ammunition. A search operation was launched to track down militants that fled the scene.

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