Thursday, April 4, 2019

TheList 4965

The List 4965     TGB

To All,
I hope that your week has been going well. Tomorrow is Bubba Breakfast
This day in Naval History April 3, 2019
1776 Continental Navy Frigate Columbus captures the British schooner HMS Hawk, making the first American capture of a British armed vessel. Columbus later captures the British brig Bolton.
1854 American and British naval brigades of 90 and 150 men engage Chinese Imperial troops at Shanghai after acts of aggression against American and British citizens. The American party fell under the command of Cmdr. J. Kelly, the commanding officer of USS Plymouth.
1933 USS Akron (ZRS-4)crashes tail-first into the sea due to a violent storm coming off the New Jersey coast, killing Rear Adm. William A. Moffett, Medal of Honor recipient and the first Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics, along with 75 others. Only three survive.
1943 USS Porpoise (SS 172) sinks the Japanese whaling ship Koa Maru near Eniwetok.
1949 The North Atlantic Treaty is signed in Washington, D.C., establishing the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The treaty promotes peace, stability, and well-being in the North Atlantic area with a collective defense effort.
1981 USS Stephen W. Groves (FFG 29) is launched and commissioned the following year. She is named in honor of Ensign Groves for "fearlessly plunging into aerial combat against large formations of enemy aircraft threatening the American carriers in the Battle of Midway."
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
In national news headlines today, sources state that the sensor damaged by a foreign object on Ethiopian Airlines 737 MAX triggered fatal crash as the findings are expected to be released today. The Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) Shipyard Infrastructure Optimization Plan (SIOP) Program Office will be leading an effort to modernize infrastructure at the four public nuclear shipyards. "Modernizing our four naval shipyards -- a massive task under any circumstance -- is critical because it's the only way we will be able to meet our future mission requirements," said NAVSEA Commander Vice Adm. Tom Moore. Addressing a joint session of Congress, NATO secretary general Jens Stoltenberg called on NATO members to take a stand against a more assertive Russia Reports the New York Times. Additionally, Under Secretary of Defense for policy John Rood told congress on Wednesday that the Pentagon is in the early stages of developing low-yield submarine-launched nuclear-tipped cruise missiles reports USNI News.
April 4
In Constantinople, Justin, seriously ill, crowns his nephew Justinian as his co-emperor.
Francis Drake completes circumnavigation of the world.
The territory of Orleans becomes the 18th state and will become known as Louisiana.
The United States flag is declared to have 13 red and white stripes and 20 stars.
President William Henry Harrison, aged 68, becomes the first president to die in office, just a month after being sworn in.
The Battle of Yorktown begins as Union gen. George B. McClellan closes in on Richmond, Va.
The U.S. Senate votes 90-6 to enter World War I on Allied side.
The Battle of the Somme ends.
Field Marshal Erwin Rommel captures the British held town of Benghazi in North Africa.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) treaty is signed.
Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee.
Hank Aaron ties Babe Ruth's home-run record.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the president of Pakistan is executed.
A coup in Sudan ousts President Nimeiry and replaces him with General Dahab.
Lest we forget thanks to Clint
If a person lives long enough they realize they can  learn new things every day.  It's part of America's  history and this video is really awesome.
Too bad this video can't be shown before all events to remind everyone why The National Anthem is played.  Younger generations have yet to
understand what this country is all about.  Next time you see hats on, people not standing at attention with their hand over their heart while our
National Anthem is played, remember this video. Also remember, we have some misguided persons who want to change our National Anthem
because they feel the Star Spangled Banner is just too combative and portrays violence.  It is from violence that we, as Americans, became a
"free nation."  Lest we forget!

Click below for a great video and perhaps a much greater understanding of the history of America and our National Anthem. YaxGNQE5ZLA
Thanks to Don
Life as a Senior can be fun.
Yesterday my daughter e-mailed me, again, asking why I didn't do
something more useful with my time than sitting around the pool, and drinking wine.
Talking about me "doing-something-useful" seems to be her favorite topic of conversation.
She is "only thinking of me," she said, and suggested,
I go down to the Senior Center and hang out with the fellas,
So, I did. When I got home, decided to play a prank on her.
I sent her an e-mail saying that I had joined the Senior Parachute Club.
She replied, "Are you nuts?
You're 80 years-old and now you're going to start jumping out of airplanes?
I told her that I even had a Membership Card and e-mailed a copy to her.
Immediately, she telephoned me and yelled, "Good grief, Dad, where are
your glasses?! This is a membership to a Prostitute Club, not a Parachute Club.
"Oh man, am I in trouble," I said, "I signed up for five jumps a
week!" The line went dead.
REAL Capt. America
Thanks to Carl
The Krasnodar, a Russian attack submarine, left the coast of Libya in late May 2017, headed east across the Mediterranean, then slipped undersea, quiet as a mouse. Then, it fired a volley of cruise missiles into Syria.
Thanks to Dutch
There's climate change and there's this - Dutch
The day the dinosaurs died: Palaeontologist discovers incredible 66 million-year-old graveyard packed with fish, mammals, and a Triceratops that were buried by tsunami from the asteroid that wiped out 75% of life on Earth
A site called Tanis outcrop in North Dakota reveals what happened after asteroid
After Chicxulub asteroid strike in Mexico, seismic waves hit the area in minutes
This spurred tsunami-like waves, and glass beads rained down at up to 200mph
Fish, mammals, reptiles, large dinosaurs were swept up and buried in sediment 
Experts say it's the first mass grave of large organisms found from the event 
Published: 17:37 EDT, 29 March 2019 | Updated: 05:37 EDT, 30 March 2019
Some sixty-six million years ago, a scene of unimaginable horror played out in a North Dakota floodplain now aptly known as the Hell Creek Formation.
It came without warning; Earth shook violently with the seismic waves originating from an impact equal to a magnitude 10 or 11 earthquake, and deadly glass beads rained down from the sky like tiny ballistic missiles traveling 200 miles per hour.
But for Cretaceous life in Hell Creek, it would be the waves that proved most devastating.
Through six years of digs at the site, a paleontologist has finally confirmed something he's long suspected – in the heart of North Dakota lies a prehistoric 'killing field' that may be the best evidence yet of the events that occurred during Earth's most notorious mass extinction.
The article and great graphics are at =
In North Dakota's Hell Creek Formation, at a site called the Tanis outcrop, paleontologists found the Holy Grail of fossils, representing the moments after the dinosaur-killing asteroid struck.
Thanks to Micro
Golf Poem
In My Hand I Hold A Ball,  
White And Dimpled, Rather Small.  
Oh, How Bland It Does Appear,  
This Harmless Looking Little Sphere.
By Its Size I Could Not Guess,  
The Awesome Strength It Does Possess.
But Since I Fell Beneath Its Spell,
I've Wandered Through The Fires Of Hell.
My Life Has Not Been Quite The Same,
Since I Chose To Play This Stupid Game.
It Rules My Mind For Hours On End,
A Fortune It Has Made Me Spend.
It Has Made Me Yell, Curse And Cry,
I Hate Myself And Want To Die.
It Promises A Thing Called Par,
If I Can Hit It Straight And Far.
To Master Such A Tiny Ball,
Should Not Be Very Hard At All.
But My Desires The Ball Refuses,
And Does Exactly As It Chooses.
It Hooks And Slices, Dribbles And Dies,
And Even Disappears Before My Eyes.
Often It Will Have A Whim,
To Hit A Tree Or Take A Swim.
With Miles Of Grass On Which To Land,
It Finds A Tiny Patch Of Sand.
Then Has Me Offering Up My Soul,
If Only It Would Find The Hole.
It's Made Me Whimper Like A Pup,
And Swear That I Will Give It Up.
And Take To Drink To Ease My Sorrow,
But The Ball Knows.....I'll Be Back Tomorrow.
Stand proud you noble swingers of clubs and losers of  balls .  A recent study found the average golfer walks about 900 miles a year.  Another study found golfers drink, on  average, 22 gallons of alcohol a year.  That means, on average, golfers get about  41 miles to the gallon.  Kind of makes you proud.  I Almost feel like a hybrid. J
Another from Micro
Regarding the Vietnam War Commemoration, this statement was included:  The Department of Veterans Affairs estimates that today there are 6.4 million living Vietnam veterans and 9 million families of those who served during this time frame. We make no distinction between veterans who served in-country, in- theater, or who were stationed elsewhere during the Vietnam War period. All were called to serve and none could self-determine where they would serve.
If you didn't make it to the Vietnam Theater, you're not a Vietnam Veteran.  You are a Vietnam-era Veteran.  A huge difference, in my humble opinion.  In fact, if you don't have a Vietnam Service Medal, you're not a Vietnam Veteran. 
We do a tremendous disservice to those that went to Vietnam and got shot at by lumping them with the majority that did not go.  I also take issue with the statement that it doesn't matter where you served because "none could self-determine where they would serve."  That's BS.  I personally know several that fought like hell (successfully) NOT to go to Vietnam.  They had leisurely deployments in the Med (some on JFK, which the Kennedy family demanded NOT be sent to Vietnam).  Not everyone, by a long shot, that didn't get to Vietnam worked hard not to go; however, it is decidedly not at all true that no one could determine where they would serve.  On the other side of that coin, if you wanted to go to Vietnam, it was relatively easy to get those orders.  I know because that's what I did.  I went through the east coast RAG, but I wanted to go where the action was.  After all, that was my profession.  Why else be a Naval Aviator, if you're going to avoid being in combat?
By muddying the water and re-writing history, once again, this whole "commemoration" starts with a black eye.  When we call people Vietnam Veterans and they are most certainly no such thing, we are insulting real Vietnam Veterans all over again.  I doubt that those returning to ports on the East Coast were met with the vitriol that those of us returning to West Coast ports received, although I did not return to East Coast ports during the Vietnam War, so I can't say for sure.  Perhaps some of your readers know.
Imagine being in the military today and claiming to be an Afghanistan and Iraq Veteran because you happened to serve for two years in Kentucky while others were deployed.  I don't think that would sit well with those on their fourth combat tours.
Micro,  AKA Curmudgeon
Micro again
Worth watching:
Interview of Pilot, WWll, very humble man.
Thanks to Don
Self Examination
I used to think I was just a regular person, but I was born white and now, whether I like it or not, makes me a racist.  
I am a fiscal and moral conservative, which by today's standards, makes me a fascist.
I am heterosexual, which now makes me homophobic. 
I was christened as a baby, which now labels me as an infidel.  
I am retired, which makes me useless.  
I think and I reason, therefore I doubt much the main stream media tells me, which must make me a reactionary.  
I am proud of my heritage, which makes me a xenophobe.
I value my safety and that of my family and I appreciate the police and the legal system, this makes me a right-wing extremist.
I believe in hard work, fair play and fair compensation according to each individual's merits, which today makes me an anti-socialist.
I (and most of the folks I know), acquired a fair education without student loan debts and little or no debt, which makes me some kind of an odd underachiever. 
I believe in the defense and protection of my country and I honor those that served
or are serving, in the Armed Forces, this now makes me a right wing-militant. 
Funny's all just taken place over the last 7 or 8 years! Please help me come to terms with the new me... because I'm just not sure who the hell I am anymore!  
As if all this nonsense wasn't enough to deal with. Now I'm not even sure which toilet I should use!   WTF???????
Thanks to Micro
Here's why the Infamous F-105 Pussy Galore was an Incredible Morale Booster
Here's why the Infamous F-105 Pussy Galore was an Incredible Morale Booster
One of the most famous, or infamous, depending on your point of view, F-105D was known as Pussy Galore.  This aircraft was flown by Captain Victor "Vic" Vizcarra.
According to an interesting post appeared on Reddit, the original Pussy Galore I marking was painted in July 1965.  The idea came about as an inside joke for the KC-135 tanker crews, especially the boom operators who had trouble putting the boom into the receptacle so Capt. Vizcarra painted Pussy Galore right on the nose so that her umm………"Strategic Part" was right over the receptacle!  She was named after the female executive pilot to the evil Goldfinger in the James Bond film of the same name.
Note from Skip
I was amazed to see in the article that the Wing commander who had the picture removed was Robert L Scott. He wrote three books. The most famous was God is my copilot which  I probably read until the pages came off….skip. He also wrote a book of his adventures when he was in his 70's when he rode his bike on  the Great wall of China.
Libya—Haftar's Forces Begin Push Toward Tripoli Bloomberg News | 04/04/2019 The internationally-recognized Libyan government based in Tripoli is on alert after the military leader in eastern Libya ordered an advance towards the capital, reports Bloomberg News.  Troops loyal to Khalifa Haftar, who backs a rival government in Tobruk, reached the city of Gharyan, about 60 miles (100 km) south of Tripoli, a spokesman for Haftar's Libyan National Army said on Wednesday.  Forces backing the eastern and western governments briefly clashed near Asabiah, southwest of Gharyan, leading to at least one death, according to local officials.  The mayor of Gharyan told Reuters on Thursday that Haftar's forces had advanced to a position outside the city but had not entered.  The move comes weeks before a U.N.-sponsored conference intended to stabilize Libya and bridge the divide between the government in Tripoli, which lacks a reliable military, and the government in Tobruk, which lacks international recognition.  Haftar has led a campaign to take key sites across the country, including vital oil fields.  Although he has framed his campaign as an effort to fight terrorism and potentially take control of Tripoli, his efforts are likely designed to maximize his position for a role in a post-war Libyan government, said analysts. 
United Nations—Security Council To Discuss Potential Changes To Mali Mission Agence France-Presse | 04/04/2019 The U.N. Security Council has agreed to consider potential changes in the peacekeeping mission in Mali, reports Agence France-Presse.  On Wednesday, the council unanimously approved a French-drafted statement that could significantly alter the mandate of the U.N. Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA).  France is reportedly pushing for maintaining a large presence in Mali, while the U.S. has questioned the efficacy of the mission and is broadly seeking to reduce U.N. peacekeeping efforts. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres is expected to present potential alternatives in June, prior to the renewal of MINUSMA's mandate.  MINUSMA has an authorized strength of over 12,000 military personnel and an annual budget of more than US$1 billion.  The mission has also been the U.N.'s deadliest for several years.    
USA—Iran-Backed Militants Responsible For Killing Hundreds Of U.S. Personnel In Iraq Task and Purpose | 04/04/2019 Militants backed by Iran were responsible for killing at least 603 U.S. personnel in Iraq between 2003 and 2011, according to a Pentagon report cited by Task & Purpose.  The figures are an increase over previous estimates of about 500 and represent broad input from declassified intelligence reports, U.S. Special Representative for Iran Brian Hook said on Tuesday. According to the data, forces trained, supplied or directed by Iran were responsible for 17 percent of all U.S. fatalities during the period, said Hook. Among the weapons used that were cited in the report were explosively formed penetrators (EFPs), improvised explosive devices (IEDs), improvised rocket-assisted munitions, rockets, mortars, rocket-propelled grenades and small arms and rifles.     
USA—Work Underway On Low-Yield Nuclear-Tipped Cruise Missile USNI News | 04/04/2019 The U.S. is developing a low-yield, submarine-launched, nuclear-tipped cruise missiles, reports USNI News.  Work on a ballistic missile has been underway but a cruise missile is still at an earlier stage, John Rood, the undersecretary of defense for policy, told the Senate on Wednesday.  In fiscal 2020, the Pentagon has requested funding to develop a low-yield modification for existing submarine-launched cruise and ballistic missiles.  The move comes as China and Russia are making significant advances in their nuclear forces, said Rood.  The Pentagon has pushed to develop the low-yield warheads to maintain parity with adversaries but some lawmakers have expressed skepticism about the plan.     
USA—Bilateral Agreement With Lithuania To Enhance Defense Cooperation Dept. Of Defense | 04/04/2019 The U.S. and Lithuania have formalized a roadmap for defense cooperation over the next five years, reports the Dept. of Defense. Lithuanian Policy Director Robertas Sapronas and Kathryn Wheelbarger, the acting U.S. assistant secretary of defense for international security, signed the agreement on Tuesday in Washington, said a Pentagon release. The roadmap, which covers activities from 2019 to 2024, calls for strengthening cooperation in the areas of training, exercises and exchanges; deterrence and security of the Baltic Sea region, including enhancing maritime domain awareness; improving intelligence-sharing, surveillance and early warning capabilities; multinational operations; and building cybersecurity capabilities. Officials are expected to meet soon to discuss the implementation of the roadmap, the release said. In November, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania each agreed to develop a bilateral defense cooperation roadmap with the United States. The Lithuania-U.S. agreement is the first to be signed.     
USA—Army Anticipates Selecting New Active Protection System For Stryker Vehicles Next Year Defense News | 04/04/2019 The U.S. Army says it will require another year to select an interim active protection system (APS) for its Stryker wheeled armored vehicles, reports Defense News. The Army has chosen two teams to compete for the contract after the Iron Curtain system was found to be unsuitable. Rafael and DRS submitted its Trophy VPS, a lightweight version of the Trophy system that has been selected by the Army for its Abramstanks. Rheinmetall, partnered with Michigan-based Unified Business Technologies, proposed its StrikeShield active defense system. Both teams demonstrated their systems in a live-fire rodeo in November. The event did not involve a full installation of the systems on the Stryker. Instead, test rigs were used or the systems were hung off the vehicle. It will now take about a year to integrate the systems on the vehicles and determine whether to move forward with either option, a senior Army official told lawmakers on Tuesday.   
Germany—Atlas Elektronik Torpedo Defense System Wraps Up Sea Trials Atlas Elektronik | 04/04/2019 German firm Atlas Elektronik says that its Sea Spider anti-torpedo torpedo has successfully completed sea trials. Testing was conducted on a WTD-71 multipurpose vessel in the Baltic Sea, said a company release on Tuesday. The testing evaluated the full sensor-to-shooter chain using the Torpedo Detection, Classification and Localization (TDCL) sonar system and the Sea Spider prototype. The TDCL detected and localized both Mk 37 autonomous underwater vehicles and DM2A3 torpedoes, providing targeting data to the Sea Spider, which intercepted the simulated threats, the release said.    
Turkey—Foreign Minister Claims NATO Unable To Defend Turkish Airspace Bloomberg News | 04/04/2019 Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu has justified Ankara's procurement of the Russian S-400 air defense system with the claim that NATO is not capable of defending Turkish airspace, reports Bloomberg News. "We need to work together ... Turkey is supporting the dual track policy of NATO toward Russia, deterrence and dialogue," Cavusoglu said on Wednesday at a conference in Washington, D.C. The comments come amid increased tensions between Washington and Ankara over Turkey's purchase of the Russian defense system.  Earlier this week, the Trump administration delayed the delivery of two F-35s to Turkey, saying that the purchase of the S-400 is incompatible with the sale of F-35s. The U.S. has expressed concern that the S-400 could gather data from Turkish F-35s that could make its way to Russia and potentially reveal vulnerabilities. On Tuesday, U.S. Acting Defense Secretary Pat Shanahan said he expected Turkey to purchase the U.S.-made Patriot missile system instead of the S-400, enabling delivery of the F-35, reported Politico. "I am very confident in the Patriot proposal that we've delivered to Turkey, its availability, its pricing, and very importantly, the industrial participation that comes along with the Patriot system," Shanahan said.     
Ukraine—2 Troops Killed In Russian Shelling In East Ukrinform | 04/04/2019 Two Ukrainian troops have been killed and two injured in a series of attacks in eastern Ukraine, reports Ukrinform. On Tuesday, Russian forces launched 15 attacks against Ukrainian positions in in the Donbas region, employing 152-mm artillery systems, 82-mm and 120-mm mortars, grenade launchers, heavy machine guns and small arms, said Ukraine's Joint Forces Operation. The attacks took place in Avdiyivka, Popasna, Shyrokyne, Hnutove, Vodiane, Novozvanivka and Katerynivka, reported the Ukrainian Independent Information Agency (UNIAN). Three Russian troops were reportedly killed and eight wounded in the fighting, the JFO said.  
Yemen—Houthis Block International Access To Grain Site Reuters | 04/04/2019 Houthi rebels in Yemen are continuing to block the U.N. from accessing a grain storage site, reports Reuters.  On Tuesday, rebels blocked a team from the World Food Program (WFP), citing unnamed safety concerns, said a WFP spokesman. The Houthis agreed last month to allow WFP teams to enter the Red Sea Mills in Hodeidah.  Experts believe that the site holds enough grain to feed 3.7 million people. The grain, which has not been accessed for six months due to the conflict, could spoil if not properly treated, said a source.   Hodeidah is the main entry point for most of the country's vital food aid.     
Israel—Palestinian Killed In Attempted Stabbing Attack Times of Israel | 04/04/2019 A Palestinian man has been killed in an attempted attack on Israelis in the West Bank, reports the Times of Israel. On Wednesday, a Palestinian man was shot by a civilian after attacking Israelis near the village of Hawara, said the Israel Defense Forces. The suspect opened the door of a vehicle driven by an Israeli man and attempted to stab his teenage daughter, said local authorities.  The suspect was shot by the Israeli man before anyone was hurt.  
Libya—Haftar's Forces Turn Over Control Of Al-Watiya Airbase To Tripoli-Based Government Libya Observer | 04/04/2019 Libyan forces loyal to the U.N.-backed government in Tripoli have regained control of Al-Watiya airbase in northwestern Libya, reports the Libya Observer. An agreement was reached on Tuesday for the peaceful transfer of the airbase, which had been under the control of forces loyal to Khalifa Haftar, who leads the military of the government in Tobruk, said unnamed sources. Al-Watiya airbase is now under the command of Osama Juwaili, said a senior leader of the Tripoli Revolutionaries Brigade.  The forces loyal to Haftar left the airbase and headed toward Sabratha in the Zawiya district, which may be the next target for western Libyan forces, the sources said.   
Philippines—Chinese Vessels Near Thitu Island Violate Sovereignty, Says Manila Abs-Cbn | 04/04/2019 The Philippine government has issued a statement calling the continued presence of Chinese vessels near Thitu Island "illegal," reports ABS-CBN News (Philippines).  On Thursday, the Dept. of Foreign Affairs issued a strongly-worded statement declaring Manila's sovereign rights over the island in the South China Sea.  "Such actions are a clear violation of Philippine sovereignty," read the letter.  Hundreds of Chinese vessels, including from the navy, coast guard and maritime militia, have circled the island since January.  Further inaction against the swarms would be read as endorsement, the statement said.  Manila is working to renovate a beaching ramp on the island, part of a chain that is also claimed by Beijing.  The Philippines said on Monday that it had filed a formal diplomatic protest with China over the incident.   
Burkina Faso—62 Killed In Terrorist, Intercommunal Violence  Agence France-Presse | 04/04/2019 At least 62 people have been killed in terrorist attacks and intercommunal clashes in northern Burkina Faso this week, reports Agence France-Presse. The violence occurred between Sunday and Tuesday in Soum province, Simeon Sawadogo, minister for territorial administration, said on Wednesday.  On Sunday, militants raided a village in the Arbinda commune, killing several people, including a religious leader, his eldest son and nephew.  Afterwards, people from the various ethnic communities in the area engaged in a series of reprisal attacks that killed dozens of people, he said.  Villagers fled to Arbinda to escape the violence.  The militants attacked the village to sow discord and create conflict between the communities, said the minister.     
Afghanistan—Taliban Besieges Police, Soldiers In Bala Marghab; At Least 13 Killed TOLONews | 04/04/2019 At least 13 Afghan troops have been killed and 22 wounded in fighting in the northwest Badghis province, reports Tolo News (Afghanistan).  On Wednesday, Taliban fighters attacked a military base and police headquarters in the Bala Murghab district. Fighting continued into Thursday, said soldiers on the front line.  Five to seven troops are still missing, said sources.  The 500 troops besieged in the area have requested air support. Taliban forces took control of several checkpoints in the city in what the defense ministry characterized as a tactical withdrawal, reported the Khaama Press (Afghanistan).  Dozens of Afghan soldiers died in a two-week siege of Bala Murghab in March.   
Brazil—KC-390 Tankers Due For Delivery This Year  Defense-Aerospace | 04/04/2019 The Brazilian air force expects to receive the first of 28 domestically developed aerial tankers later this year, reports The first Embraer KC-390 tanker is scheduled to be handed over in the first half of 2019, with a second aircraft expected by the end of the year, a company official said on Tuesday at the LAAD exhibition in Rio de Janeiro. The 1st Troop Transport Group, which was established in 2018, will be the first operational unit to receive the aircraft, said a Brazilian air force release. The aircraft was certified by the National Civil Aviation Agency last year and is now undergoing certification testing for various missions, including cargo drop, assault landing and in-flight refueling. Certification testing is scheduled to be completed in 2020, said an air force official.                                                                                                              

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