Monday, April 1, 2019

TheList 4962

The List 4962 TGB

To All,
I hope that you all had a great weekend. This is a Bubba Breakfast Friday in San Diego
This day in Naval History 
April 1, 2019
1893 Navy General Order 409 establishes the rank of Chief Petty Officer.
1899 A landing party of 60 men from USS Philadelphia (C 4) and a force of 100 friendly natives join 62 men from HMS Porpoise and Royal Isle in Samoa to establish order over Samoan throne.
1943 USS Shad (SS 235) torpedoes and damages the Italian blockade runner Pietro Orseolo, shortly after the Italian ship reaches the Bay of Biscay and her escort of four German destroyers.
1945 Under heavy naval gunfire and aircraft support, U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps troops begin the invasion of Okinawa, the last major amphibious assault of World War II.
1967 - Helicopter squadron HAL 3 activated at Vung Tau
1991 USS Marvin Shields (FF 1066) arrives at her home port of San Diego, Calif. She is the first West Coast ship to return to CONUS from Operation Desert Storm.
2007 The last US Navy T-2C Buckeye, assigned to VX-20, retires to Patuxent River Naval Air Museum.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Today's national headlines include Duke's upset during the NCAA tournament and discussions in congress on whether to end the Affordable Care Act. U.S. Fleet Forces announced the deployment of the Lincoln Carrier Strike Group which begins today. reported on Exercise Pacific Blitz which involved 10,000 sailors and marines from the Navy's 3rd Fleet and I Marine Expeditionary Force in an exercise simulating how they would operate against near-peer enemies. USS Wasp (LHD 1) arrived in Subic Bay, Philippines for the beginning of Balikatan 2019, marking the first time the F-35B Lightning II has trained in the Southeast Asian nation reports Stars and Stripes. Additionally, all sailors living in government or Private Partner Venture housing are strongly encouraged to participate in surveys to share their overall experience about their living conditions.
This day in World history April 1, 2019
0408 Theodosius II succeeds to the throne of Constantinople.
1308 King Albert is murdered by his nephew John, because he refused his share of the Habsburg lands.
1486 Christopher Columbus convinces Queen Isabella to fund expedition to the West Indies.
1805 The state of Virginia passes a law requiring all freed slaves to leave the state, or risk either imprisonment or deportation.
1863 The Battle of Chancellorsville begins as Union General Joe Hooker starts his three-pronged attack against Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
1867 Reconstruction in the South begins with black voter registration.
1877 President Rutherford B. Hayes withdraws all Federal troops from the South, ending Reconstruction.
1898 The U.S. Navy under Commodore George Dewey defeats the Spanish fleet at the Battle of Manila Bay in the Philippines.
1915 The British luxury liner Lusitania leaves New York Harbor for a voyage to Europe. A week later it would be torpedoed and sunk by a German U-boat.
1927 Adolf Hitler holds his first Nazi meeting in Berlin.
1931 The Empire State Building opens in New York.
1934 The Philippine legislature accepts a U.S. proposal for independence.
1937 President Franklin Roosevelt signs an act of neutrality, keeping the United States out of World War II.
1944 The Messerschmitt Me 262, the first combat jet, makes its first flight.
1945 Martin Bormann, private secretary to Adolf Hitler, escapes the F├╝hrerbunker as the Red Army advances on Berlin.
1948 North Korea is established.
1950 Gwendolyn Brooks becomes the first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize for her book of poetry called Annie Allen.
1960 Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane is shot down over Russia.
1961 Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba.
1968 In the second day of battle, U.S. Marines, with the support of naval fire, continue their attack on a North Vietnamese Division at Dai Do. See the article below On Capt Jay Vargas and his Medal of Honor at the battle Of Dai Do
1970 Students from Kent State University riot in downtown Kent, Ohio, in protest of the American invasion of Cambodia.
1986 The Tass News Agency reports the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident.
2011 Osama Bin Laden is killed in Abbottabad Pakistan by US Navy SEALS in Operation Neptune Spear.
Medal of Honor Winner Story Capt Jay Vargas at the Battle at Dai Do.
Col Jay Vargas USMC Ret now lives in Poway and for many years he has eaten breakfast a few feet from me every Saturday Morning. I did not know the entire story of his medal until now.
Speaking of which, here is one amazing story. 
April Fools' Day: Origin and History
The uncertain origins of a foolish day
by David Johnson and Shmuel Ross
April Fools' Day, sometimes called All Fools' Day, is one of the most light-hearted days of the year. Its origins are uncertain. Some see it as a celebration related to the turn of the seasons, while others believe it stems from the adoption of a new calendar.
New Year's Day Moves
Ancient cultures, including those of the Romans and Hindus, celebrated New Year's Day on or around April 1. It closely follows the vernal equinox (March 20th or March 21st.) In medieval times, much of Europe celebrated March 25, the Feast of Annunciation, as the beginning of the new year.
In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII ordered a new calendar (the Gregorian Calendar) to replace the old Julian Calendar. The new calendar called for New Year's Day to be celebrated Jan. 1. That year, France adopted the reformed calendar and shifted New Year's day to Jan. 1. According to a popular explanation, many people either refused to accept the new date, or did not learn about it, and continued to celebrate New Year's Day on April 1. Other people began to make fun of these traditionalists, sending them on "fool's errands" or trying to trick them into believing something false. Eventually, the practice spread throughout Europe.
Problems With This Explanation
There are at least two difficulties with this explanation. The first is that it doesn't fully account for the spread of April Fools' Day to other European countries. The Gregorian calendar was not adopted by England until 1752, for example, but April Fools' Day was already well established there by that point. The second is that we have no direct historical evidence for this explanation, only conjecture, and that conjecture appears to have been made more recently.
Constantine and Kugel
Another explanation of the origins of April Fools' Day was provided by Joseph Boskin, a professor of history at Boston University. He explained that the practice began during the reign of Constantine, when a group of court jesters and fools told the Roman emperor that they could do a better job of running the empire. Constantine, amused, allowed a jester named Kugel to be king for one day. Kugel passed an edict calling for absurdity on that day, and the custom became an annual event.
"In a way," explained Prof. Boskin, "it was a very serious day. In those times fools were really wise men. It was the role of jesters to put things in perspective with humor."
This explanation was brought to the public's attention in an Associated Press article printed by many newspapers in 1983. There was only one catch: Boskin made the whole thing up. It took a couple of weeks for the AP to realize that they'd been victims of an April Fools' joke themselves.
Spring Fever
It is worth noting that many different cultures have had days of foolishness around the start of April, give or take a couple of weeks. The Romans had a festival named Hilaria on March 25, rejoicing in the resurrection of Attis. The Hindu calendar has Holi, and the Jewish calendar has Purim. Perhaps there's something about the time of year, with its turn from winter to spring, that lends itself to lighthearted celebrations.
Observances Around the World
April Fools' Day is observed throughout the Western world. Practices include sending someone on a "fool's errand," looking for things that don't exist; playing pranks; and trying to get people to believe ridiculous things.
The French call April 1 Poisson d'Avril, or "April Fish." French children sometimes tape a picture of a fish on the back of their schoolmates, crying "Poisson d'Avril" when the prank is discovered.
10 things you might not know about April Fools' Day
March 28, 2010|By Mark Jacob and Stephan Benzkofer
We're just a few days from April 1, a notorious time for hoaxes. We could have waited, but we figured you might not trust these 10 facts if they were printed on April Fools' Day. All indeed are true. Really. No kidding. We promise.
1 The origin of April Fools' Day may be lost to history. One theory centers on people confused by the transition to the Gregorian calendar, but even before that time, there were April Fools'-like hoaxes. In 1983, Boston University professor Joseph Boskin said the practice began when court jesters and fools told the Roman emperor Constantine that they could do a better job than he does, and Constantine made one of them king for a day. Many newspapers picked up Boskin's story — which was an April Fools' Day joke.
2 Ranked by the Museum of Hoaxes as the best April Fools' prank ever was a 1957 BBC report about Switzerland experiencing an early spaghetti harvest. The television show included video of peasants pulling spaghetti from trees and explained that a uniform length for the spaghetti had been achieved through expert cultivation. The BBC got hundreds of phone calls, with most callers asking serious questions, such as where could they buy spaghetti trees.
3 Oh, those Brits. Astronomer Patrick Moore told BBC Radio 2 on April 1, 1976, that the alignment of the planets Pluto and Jupiter would cause a temporary decrease in Earth's gravity at 9:47 a.m. If people jumped in the air at that time, Moore said, they would float for a short while. Indeed, many listeners called the station to say they had floated.
4 Most people know they need to read the Web with a healthy skepticism, but that doesn't mean hoaxes about the Internet don't catch the unwary. In 1994, PC Computing magazine wrote that Congress was considering a bill making it illegal to surf the Internet while drunk. The outcry was great enough that Sen. Edward Kennedy was forced to deny being the sponsor of the nonexistent legislation. In 1996, an e-mail, purportedly from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, informed people that the Internet would be shut down for a day for spring cleaning. The day that users were told to disconnect computers? April 1.
5 In 1997, newspaper readers found chaos on the comic pages. Billy from "Family Circus" was joking with Dilbert. The "Family Circus" mom sported a Dilbert boss-like pointy hairdo. What was going on? The Great Comic Switcheroo. Urged on by "Baby Blues" creators Rick Kirkman and Jerry Scott, more than 40 cartoonists swapped strips for the day. Among the other switches: Blondie and Garfield, and Shoe and Beetle Bailey.
6 Chicago's WXRT-FM 93.1 has a history of April Fools' hoaxes going back to the 1970s. In 1980, the station promoted the Mayor Jane Byrne April Fool Fest on Navy Pier. On a warm spring day, hundreds of people showed up at what was then a rather derelict padlocked Navy Pier to hear live music, despite the fact that some of the promised artists were dead. In 1998, the station announced it had been purchased by Playboy, was changing the call letters to XXXRT and was touting itself as True Adult Radio. Outraged listeners not only bombarded the station with calls, but also Playboy.
7 Chicago's downtown streets devolved into gantlets of tomfoolery in the 1880s and 1890s when armies of newsboys gathered to harass and taunt passers-by. In 1880, the Tribune reported that one ingenious youngster created a wooden apparatus that chalked the words "April Fool" when tapped lightly on a victim's back.
8 Australian businessman Dick Smith had long discussed his plans to tow an iceberg from Antarctica into Sydney Harbor so he could sell especially pure ice cubes to the public for 10 cents apiece. So when a barge towed a huge white object into the harbor on April 1, 1978, Sydney residents got excited. But then it rained, which dissolved the faux berg — a giant mound of firefighting foam and shaving cream that had been piled on sheets of white plastic.
9 On April 1, 1998, Burger King took out a full-page ad in USA Today to announce a fast-food breakthrough: the Left-handed Whopper. It featured the same ingredients as the regular Whopper, except the condiments were rotated 180 degrees. According to Burger King, thousands of customers requested the new burger, and others asked for a right-handed version.
10 Among the true things that have happened in April 1: The first speaker of the House was elected (1789); American forces landed on Okinawa (1945); the first U.S. weather satellite was launched (1960); and Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs founded Apple (1976). Born on April 1, 1929, were Czech author Milan Kundera ("The Unbearable Lightness of Being") and University of Michigan football coach Bo Schembechler ("The Unbearable Heaviness of Losing to Ohio State").
Mark Jacob is the Tribune's editor in charge of putting in commas. Stephan Benzkofer takes out commas for the Tribune.
Sources:,,, The Independent of London, St. Paul (Minn.) Pioneer Press,, WXRT-FM 93.1, and Tribune news services.

Thanks to Carl
April Fool's Day links
"There will definitely be some overlap in these collections of pranks and hoaxes"
Thanks to THE Bear -
1 April 2019
March 31, 2019Bear Taylor

GOOD MORNING. It's Monday, 1 April 2019. Humble Host remembers the Vietnam War of fifty years ago and Week NINE of OPERATION COMMANDO HUNT I… 6-12 JANUARY 1969…
THE WAR: (6 Jan) MARINES SWEEP AREA NEAR DMZ… "The United States command disclosed today two major sweeps in contested territory–A thrust around the abandoned fortress at Khesanh and another push in the Plain of Reeds west of Saigon…. The Khesanh sweep by 5,000 U.S. Marines and South Vietnamese troops found an ammunition dump. It was the biggest such operation in three months in the northwest corner of South Vietnam… In the south, U.S. Army and Navy units joined forces in the Plain of Reeds to try to cut a major Vietcong supply route west of Saigon… the patrols unearthed 50,000 rounds of ammunition, 500 mortar rounds, and 700 grenades." … "…15 American soldiers were killed and 26 were wounded in an explosion in the 25th Infantry Division mess hall 19 miles west of Saigon. The blast came as the Americans were lining up for lunch… the cause? …unknown, either a terrorist bomb or a greenade accidentally dropped by a soldier."… U.S.PATROL BOATS NEAR CAMBODIA SHIELD SAIGON–100 Navy Vessels Roam From Gulf of Siam To Tayninh–Final Link In Interlocking Network is Established…. ALLIES GAIN IN DRIVE TO ROOT OUT VIETCONG'S POLITICAL AGENTS… (8 Dec) 54 OF FOE KILLED IN DELTA BATTLE–8 Americans Die In 18-Hour Clash–Other Action Slight... (9 Jan) TWO SOUTH VIETNAMESE–Ex- POWs–Describe Starvation, Brutality and Terror of B-52s… Two Skirmishes Reported In Vietnam As Action Eases… (10 Jan) LEVEL OF FIGHTING IN VIETNAM DROPS–101 Americans Die In Week–Fewest Since October 1968…  (11 Jan) ENEMY STRIKES SEVERAL TOWNS AND BASES IN DELTA–Nine Man Patrol Reported Destroyed in Ambush... (12 Jan) HANOI ALLEGES U.S. BOMBING IN LAOS HAS INTENSIFIED… North Vietnamese Offensive Reported Broken In Laos…
THE PEACE TALKS IN PARIS: (6 Jan) HENRY CABOT LODGE APPOINTED TO HEAD U.S. TEAM IN VIETNAM TALKS–Nixon Names Former Envoy To Saigon As Successor To Harriman In Paris–Tougher Stance Likely–Walsh, A New York Lawyer To Serve As Deputy–Asia Expert Also Named… (7 Jan) HANOI'S REJECTION OF U.S. PROPOSALS OF TABLES IS HINTED–Americans Say They Find Self-Righteous And Rigid Attitude At Paris Parley–New Delay Is Indicated–Choice of Lodge Is Viewed As Possible Key To North's Apparent Shift Of View… NORTH VIETNAM'S PREMIER CALLS U.S. PETTY AT PARIS TALKS–French Cameraman Tells Of 6-Week Visit To Hanoi–He Also Talked Briefly With Ho Chi Minh And General Giap During November Visit–Photos For Look Magazine… CHOICE OF LODGE GREETED WITH JUBILATION IN SAIGON… (9 Jan) LODGE CONFERS WITH SOVIET ENVOY IN EAST BERLIN–Harriman To Leave Paris Soon– U.S. Pressure On Saigon Reported… (10 Jan) THIEU IS ADAMANT ON TWO-SIDED TALKS IN PARIS–Offers National Liberation Front An 'Opposition Role'… HANOI ANSWERS THIEU–Front Gets Equal Seating… (11 Jan) SWEDEN RECOGNIZES HANOI–Americans Are Critical Of Action… HANOI AIDES VOICE ELATION IN PARIS–Call Swedish Recognition A Step Others Will Take–Lodge Pays Farewell Call On Willie Brandt… SENATOR SYMINGTON JOINS IN SCORING SAIGON–Assails South Vietnamese As 'Stumbling Block' At Peace Talks In Paris… (12 Jan) HANOI HAILS OFFER OF TIES WITH SWEDEN–Denmark Urged To Follow Sweden's Example…Hanoi Debating Strategy…
THE REST OF THE NEWS: (6 Jan) JOHNSON MAY SEEK BUDGET BALANCED AT $192-BILLION… "President Johnson is proposing a $192-billion budget for the coming fiscal year that would be roughly in balance provided the income surtax is continued at a reduced rate… budget represents a $7.6-billion increase over expected spending in the current year, and includes a small increase in the over-all military budget."… TRIAL OF SIRHAN WILL OPEN TOMORROW… "Seven months ago today Senator Robert F. Kennedy was shot and fatally wounded in a dingy serving pantry amid the quiet, salmon-pink stucco elegance of the Ambassador Hotel here (L.A.). His alleged assassin is to go on trial Tuesday."… (7 Jan) LAIRD CHOOSES THREE TO HEAD ARMED SERVICES–Keeps Army Secretary ResorChafee To Lead Navy–Seamons Air Force–All Three Are Republicans–Senate Panel Sets Hearings On Secretary of Defense Laird and His Deputy Packard For 14 January… (8 Jan) PRIME BANK RATE INCREASES AGAIN–Set At Peak 7%–Rise In Business Loan Cost Third In Six Weeks–Markets Drop Sharply–Charge On Consumer Loans Also Expected To Grow In Fight Against Inflation… ISRAEL ASSAILS FRENCH BAN ON DELIVERIES OF ALL ARMSCOURTROOM TENSE AS SIRHAN's MURDER TRIAL BEGINS… JOHNSON TO PRESS DRIVE TO AUGMENT NEGROES IN NATIONAL GUARD–Aiming At 12% Membership–He Will Request Funds To Allow Units To Expand… (9 Jan) CONCESSIONS SEEN IN NEW SOVIET BID ON MIDEAST PEACE–U.S. Officials Find Basis For Guarded Optimism In Note Handed To Rusk December 30–But Doubts Are Voiced–Plan For Agreed Solution Viewed As Veil To Conceal Bloodless Arab Victory… CZECHS TIGHTEN NEWS CONTROLS–Regime Under Pressure From Soviets–Acts To Halt Defiance and Criticism… SIRHAN LOSES BID FOR TRIAL DELAY… 81 OF 150 SHOOT WAY PAST CUBAN LINES– Reach Guantanamo (The town, not the Navy base) And Fly To Florida–Rest Of Band Are Killed Or Seized–Survivors Were Accepted By U.S…. QUESTIONING OF PUEBLO'S CAPTAIN DELAYS COURT OF INQUIRY TWO WEEKS–Bucher's Debriefing Held Up Because Of Physical and Emotional Exhaustion… (10 Jan) IMPOSED ACCORD HELD AIM FOR MIDDLE EAST–Israel And Other Sources At U.N. Say Plan Would Bar Negotiated Peace–Guarantee Mentioned–Moscow Said To Push Idea In Hope Nixon Will Be Unable To Reject It… "… The withdrawal of Israel forces to the positions they occupied before the war of June 1967 and…A Declaration to the Security Council by the Arab States that they no longer claim the rights of beligerents in the Middle East."… TWO WHO MAY LAND ON MOON SELECTED… "They are Neil A. Armstrong and Col. Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr. of the Air Force."… (11 Jan) THREE MOON VOYAGERS ARE HAILED HERE (NY) IN HUGE TURNOUT– Borman, Lovell and Anders Moved By The Outpouring On a Cold, Bleak Day–A Blizzard of Confetti–Hundreds of Thousands Line Streets To Cheer Crew of Apollo 8–City Medals Awarded… U.S. AIDES DOUBT THAT ISRAEL HAS DECIDED TO BUILD A-BOMB… JOHNSON HONORS WHEELER–'Soldier For Every Season"… ROZELLE INDICATES TOMORROW'S SUPER BOWL  (AFL vs. NFL) COULD BE NEXT TO LAST–Realignment Due After 1969 Season–One League Format Looms–Club Owners To Decide at Meeting In March… Baltimore Colts Favored by 17 Points Over New York Jets… (12 Jan) EXPERTS ON VIETNAM BUSY DRAFTING ADVICE TO NIXON–Diverse Plans Offered (See Ripple Salvo below)… "The Nixon Administration will have no shortage of advice from members of the Johnson Administration on a possible shift in Vietnam Strategy. All over town, in the Pentagon, the State Department and even the White House, ranking analysts have been writing 'option' papers, all of them apparently unsolicited. Many of the authors are expected to remain in office during the next Administration. The papers are being forwarded to Dr. Henry A. Kissinger, Presidential-elect Richard M. Nixon's special assistant for national security (replacing Walt Rostow)."… THIEU SAID TO BE WEIGHING PROPOSAL TO CUTBACK UP TO 60,000 AMERICAN TROOPS… "President Nguyen Van Thieu is considering proposing the withdrawal of as many as 60,000 United States troops from South Vietnam this year… Thieu was reported to feel confident enough in the strength of the South Vietnamese armed forces to call for the reduction of the current United States contingent of 540,000."… POWER STRUGGLE CONTINUES IN CHINA–Provincial Factions Ignore Peking's Call For Unity… JETS BANK ON NAMATH'S ARM AGAINST COLTS TODAY–Rain Poses a New Threat To Passes at Miami… (Monday NYT headline: JETS UPSET COLTS, 16-7)…
"In November 1968, MIG activity was limited to attacks against U.S. 'Bumpy Action' drones. On 8 November, a low altitude drone stimulated a MIG reaction while flying a route encompassing Haiphong and Phuc Yen Airfield. During egress southeast of Nam Dinh, the drone was damaged by a MIG-21 launched air-to-air missile and subsequently crashed in the Gulf of Tonkin. Athough there were no encounters with manned aircraft, enemy aircraft continue to be a potential threat to photo and electornic surveillance missions in Route Packages I, II, and III.  In previous months, MIGs staging from Bai Thoung Airfield have attacked Navy aircraft operating in Route Package III.
"Since the bombing halt, U.S. photo reconnaissance aircraft have detected activity around Vinh Airfield that suggests the possibility of expansion of the North Vietnamese Air Force envelope below the Bai Thuong area. Recent photos have revealed crater-filling activity on the dirt shoulders paralleling the runway. U.S. radars have not yet detected MIG flights into the Vinh area but possible light transport or helicopter traffic south of Vinh into Route Package II is suspected. Electronic cuts in the Vinh area indicate that the North Vietnamese are possibly augmenting their air surveillance and Ground Controlled Intercept (GCI) radars. Repair of the dirt runway could permit limited MIG-17 staging or recovery at Vinh, particularly if controlling radars are positioned in this area. The  Vinh Airfield is approximately 130 nautical miles north of the DMZ. It cannot be determined how much rehabilitation is programmed for Vinh but it is estimated that construction of a black top runway and taxiway system would require up to 3 months.
"There were only 5 SAM firings reported in November. The Air Force reported 2 sightings which were fired at photo reconnaissance aircraft. The Navy sighted 3 that were fired at RESCAP aircraft during the attempted recovery of a downed RA-5C crew in Route Package III. There have been 653 missile firings and 12 aircraft losses during 1968 for a kill ratio of 54.4:1. Prior to 1968, 106 aircraft were downed bt SAMs at a kill ratio of 43.1:1.
"The North Vietnam AAA Order of Battle for November shows an overall increase of both total positions and occupied guns. Route Package III shows the highest increase in positions while Route Package I has an increase of 131 occupied gun positions. The gun population increased in all route packages except RP V. The total gun positions in October for all RPs was 37,647 with 5,232 occupied. By the end of November the total number of gun positions was 38,332 with 5,763 occupied, and increase throughout North Vietnam of more than 500 occupied sites. Totals reflect only photo verified guns and positions.
"Since the bombing pause of 1 November there has not been a significant increase in the number of active GCI sites. At present there are no known installations south of 19 degrees latitude since the Navy bombed a site in the Vinh area in June 1968. Indications of BARLOCK activity were detected during mid-November in the area of Vinh and Dong Hoi and another emission was detected near the MuGia Pass. These impacts were not positive enough to confirm the presence of a site, but do indicate their possible existence in these areas. The North Vietnamese GCI network is expected to expand to the south. Subsequent to the bombing halt above the 19th Parallel a site was immediately moved within a few miles of the 19-degree line. The number of early warning radars may not change because the present coverage appears to be sufficient. FIRECAN and FAN SONG radars will probably increase in this area as the North Vietnamese have time and security to build and improve defenses."
AIRCRAFT LOSSES 6-12 JANUARY 1969… Ref: VIETNAM: AIR LOSSES by CHRIS HOBSON… During the week, nine aircraft were lost and four aviators were killed in action..
(1) On 6 January an F-4D Phantom from the 455th TFS and 8th TFW Wolfpack flown by CAPTAIN R.B. MYERS and CAPTAIN S. FAULKNER had to be abandoned over Thailand due to fuel strvation… the two aviators survived to fly and fight again…
(2) On 7 January an F-4C Phantom of the 557th TFS and 12th TFW out of Cam Ranh Bay piloted by CAPTAIN W.F. NEEDHAM and 1LT S.D. ADAMS was shot down making a third attack on a Vietcong position TWO MILES NORTH OF TAN SON NHUT… They ejected and were rescued by the base HH-43… Two miles??… (that's a deep 90!)
(3) On 7 January an F-102A of the 509th FIS and 405th FW flown by CAPTAIN THOMAS B. ORR, JR  lost oil pressure while flying an escort mission and subsequently crashed in Thailand killing CAPTAIN ORR. He rests in peace at White County Memorial Garden, Carmi, Illinois, and has been honored with a marker stone in Arlington National Cemetery. His F-102 was the last of 14 lost in Southeast Asia during the war…
(4) and (5) On 10 January two A-1H Skyraiders of the 6th SOS and 633rd SOW out of Pleiku were lost operating in the a Shau Valley. MAJOR J.B. WHEELER was attacking an enemy concentration in the valley when hit by machine gun fire. He was able to fly the faltering Spad to a point about 25 miles southwest of Danang before having to eject. Squadronmate MAJOR ARTHUR ROY SPROUT was among the aircraft dispatched to provide cover for the rescue of MAJOR WHEELER. Unfortunately, MAJOR SPROUT's aircraft was hit by ground fire and he was forced to eject 12 miles southwest of Danang. His body and partially deployed parachute were subsequently found by a Pararescueman. As the body of MAJOR SPROUT was being lifted into the Jolly Green Giant it fell back into the jungle and could not be recovered before darkness forced a delay in further searches for the body. Those subsequent searches failed to find MAJOR SPROUT, who perished in the successful rescue of a brother aviator, and he remains where he fell more than 50 years ago… Left behind…
(6) On 11 January an O-1G Bird Dog of the 22nd TASS and 504th TASG out of Binh Thuy piloted by CAPTAIN FRANCIS J. BIRCHAK, with 2LT V.T. NGUYEN  of the Vietnam Air Force aboard as observer, was downed by ground fire while on a visual reconnaissance flight 65 miles southwest of Saigon. Neither aviator was able to escape the burning aircraft and were killed in the subsequent crash. CAPTAIN BIRCHAK was buried with honors at Arlington National Cemetery…
(7) On 11 January an F-105D of the 354th TFS and 355th TFW out of Takhli flown by MAJOR W.M. THOMPSON was part of a COMMANDO HUNT mission and formation of Thunderchiefs attacking a truck park on the Trail near Ban Nammi when hit by 37mm anti-aircraft fire. He was forced to eject to the west of the target and evade enemy ground forces until rescued by an HH-3E flown by LCOL ROYAL BROWN and his fearless crew.
(8) On 12 January an F-100F Misty FAC of the 612th TFS and 37th TFW out of Phu Cat flown by CAPTAIN R.F. CASSARO and 1LT R.E. BRYAN was downed on a COMMANDO HUNT strike near Ban Tok. The aircraft was hit recovering from a second firing pass and CAPTAIN CASSARO crossed back into South Vietnam before the two aviators were forced to eject 30 miles west of Danang where they were rescued to fly and fight again. 1LT BRYAN knows how to do that… his 12 January rescue was his second, having been downed and rescued on a CAS mission near Hue on 23 October 1968…  
(9) On 12 January an F-4B of the VMFA-323 Death Rattlers and MAG-13 out of Chu Lai flown by 1LT W.C. RYAN, USMC, and 1LT GARY L. BAIN, USMC, suffered a mechanical problem that led to a fuselage fire while on a strike mission. The two Marine aviators were forced to eject and were rescued in due course…
RIPPLE SALVO for WEEK NINE… Humble Host continues the lead article in the 12 January 1969 Sunday edition of The New York Times by William Beecher introduced above…
"EXPERTS ON VIETNAM BUSY DRAFTING 'ADVICE' TO NIXON…Diverse Plans Offered… "Senior officials who have read several of the papers say the various proposed courses of action, despite differences in detail, are remarkably similar. While the options range the spectrum from a unilateral withdrawal, to a massive bombing effort against North Vietnam, the discussions focus most serious attention to a reduction of the violence in South Vietnam and a negotiated settlement. Well placed sources talk of six major options. The first involves the approach of maintaining maximum military pressure ojn the enemy in South Vietnam while attempting a favorable settlement in Paris wihout twisting Saigon's arm on basic compromises. Officials say that while there are differences of opinion within the Johnson Administration, this is essentially the present Vietnam strategy, as espoused by Secretary of State Dean Rusk, Ellsworth Bunker, Ambassador to Saigon, and General Creighton W. Abrams, United States commander in Vietnam. The strategy is keyed to the notion that with each month the strength of the Saigon regime is growing and that of the Vietcong is lessening.
"The second is called the McGeorge Bundy option of unilaterally cutting back American force levels from the present 550,000 men to 100,000 to 150,000 men in about two years to get into a position for a long-haul, low cost effort. Such an approach was advanced by Mr. Bundy last fall in a speech at DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana. It is based on the premise that neither the North Vietnamese nor the Vietcong will be willing to make real compromises for some time and therefore the cost of the war, both in terms of American lives and dollars must be reduced to the point where the American public will support a long war. Then, when the enemy finally becomes sufficiently frustrated over a seemingly endless conflict, the allies side will be in a position to work out a good settlement.
"Another plan is the Clark Clifford approach of dual-track negotiations, the United States and North Vietnam attempting to negotiate mutual troop withdrawals in order to pressure Saigon and the Vietcong into a critical settlement in the South. Dr. Kissinger, in an article written for Foreign Affairs before he was named a Nixon aide, subscribed to the dual approach. Hanoi would be required to move its main units, together with filler troops now in Vietcong units, all the way back to North Vietnam, not merely across the borders into Laos and Cambodia. Verification of withdrawals and of an end to infiltration would be left to some international body of Asians watching the major mountain passes out of North Vietnam and making spot checks in the demilitarized zone between the two Vietnams and along the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Laos.
"A variant of this approach, in case Hanoi refuses to acknowledge publicly that it has troops in the South, would involve unannounced withdrawals. The fourth option calls for a four-party attempt to negotiate a total package settlement embracing both troop withdrawals and a final politcal settlement. This could involve either sharp pressure on Saigon to compromise in Paris, or on the Vietcong to agree to renounce the goal of forcible overthrowing the Saigon regime in order to live within the terms  of the South Vietnamese Constitution, taking part in the political process as individuals. During the course of the negotiations, which would be expected to be protracted, the United States could either continue current force levels and maximum military pressure in the South, or ease its burden by sending limited numbers of American units home as their places are taken by South Vietnamese units.
"Another plan would be for a gradual but substantial American troop reduction, either mutually agreed upon, or, if that is impossible, unilaterally. It would be much slower than under the Bundy proposal, however, being spread out over at least four or five years as the South Vietnamese armed forces became able to pick up most of the combat lead.
"The toughest proposal is for  variation of the so called Ike-Korea ploy. When General Dwight D. Eisenhower moved into the White House in 1953, word was quietly passed to Communist China through Indian diplomats that the new Administration was considering using nuclear weapons, if the Korean War could not be settled soon through negotiations. Truce agreement was reached about five months later. Applied in Vietnam this approach would involve letting word 'leak' to Hanoi that the Nixon Administration was opening serious discussions on such possible military moves as a resumption of bombing with focus on major military targets rather than trucks and barges, a blockage of principal ports, including Haiphong, and even the invasion of North Vietnam. The aim of this approach would be to convince Hanoi that it would be wise to make concessions in Paris. To add credibility to this tack, one or more new army divisions could be formed with the implicit threat that they might be headed for Vietnam. Well placed sources say that Dr. Kissinger has been so busy recuriting talent for his own office and others in the Nixon Administration that he has not yet had much time to grapple with the Vietnam policy review that Nixon officials announced a few weeks ago.
"'When he finally does settle down behind his desk,' said one official, 'he'll find that even without asking he's got a large stack of suggestions."…
ON 21 JANUARY 1969 DR. KISSINGER ISSUED NATIONAL SECURITY MEMORANDUM 1… "In an effort to develop an agreed evaluation of the situation in Vietnam as a basis for making policy decisions, the President has directed that each addressee (SecState, SecDef and DirectorCIA) of this memorandum, the U.S. Ambassador in Saigon, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and MACV (Abrams) prepare a separate response to the attached questions. The answers should include a discussion of uncertainties and possible interpretations of existing data. The President wishes to receive, as well, the Secretary of State's comments on the Ambassador's response, and the comments of the Secretary of Defense on the responses of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and MACV. All replies should be forwarded to the President by February 10, 1969."
The "VIETNAM QUESTIONS" of NSSM 1 are at: (Or Google NSSM 1 of 21 January 1969)
The NIXON/KISSINGER Vietnam era had begun…
Lest we forget…         Bear
This week in Aviation heritage thanks to the Airpower Blog
March 31, 1966
The Air Force's Strategic Air Command phased out its last Boeing B-47 Stratojet tactical aircraft.
April 1, 1916
Second Lt. Charles E. Sugden, Daedalian Founder Member #9611, and Third Lt. Elmer F. Stone, #3473, received orders to attend aviation training at Pensacola Naval Air Station, Florida. This date is considered to be the birthday of Coast Guard Aviation.
April 2, 1916
Navy Lt. R.C. Saufley, flying a Curtis pusher biplane, sets a world altitude record of 16,072 feet. Saufley was Daedalian Founder Member #13307.
April 3, 1915
Adolphe P├ęgoud of France scored his fourth and fifth aerial victories, becoming history 's first ace, although the designation is not widely known or accepted. Pegoud had been a pre-war daredevil pilot and a publicist of his own efforts to demonstrate aviation to the public. The French newspapers described him as a "Volant l'As" (Flying Ace). A sixth victory followed on July 11, but on Aug. 31, Pegoud was killed in an air-to-air encounter with one of the German students he taught before the war, Cpl. Walter Kandulski.
April 4, 1977
The Coast Guard designated its first female aviator, Janna Lambine. She was Coast Guard Aviator #1812.
April 5, 1950
While on a test flight following an engine change, a United States Navy Martin JRM-3 Mars seaplane, Marshall Mars, Bu. No. 76822, suffered an engine fire (inboard, left wing) and made an emergency landing at Ke'ehi Lagoon, off Diamond Head, Hawaii. The airplane's crew was rescued but the airplane exploded and sank. The wreck was discovered on the sea floor in August 2004 at a depth of approximately 1,400 feet.
April 6, 1917
The day after an overwhelming majority in the Senate (82-6) votes for war, President Wilson signs the declaration on April 6, 1917. The United States quickly puts the entire country on the road to war. Going from a standing army of 133,000 men with almost no heavy artillery pieces, millions of men are inducted into the armed forces over the next two years and given basic combat training. 

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