Saturday, April 6, 2019

The List 4963

The List 4963 TGB

To All,
I hope that your week has started well.
This day in Naval History April 2, 2019
1781 During the American Revolution, the Continental frigate Alliance, commanded by John Barry, captures the British privateers Mars and Minerva off the coast of France.
1916 Lt. R.C. Saufley sets an altitude record for a Navy aircraft, 16,072 feet in a Curtiss pusher type hydroplane at Pensacola, Fla., bettering the record he set on March 29 that was set with a record of 16,010 feet.
1943 USS Tunny (SS 282) sinks the Japanese transport No.2 Toyo Maru west of Truk.
1951 Two F9F-2B Panthers of VF-191, each loaded with four 250- and two 100-pound general-purpose bombs, are catapulted from USS Princeton (CV 37) for an attack on a railroad bridge near Songjin, North Korea. This mission is the first US Navy use of a jet fighter as a bomber.
1960 After floods cause destruction at Paramaribo, Suriname, USS Glacier (AGB 4) begins 12 days of relief operations, providing helicopter and boat transportation and emergency supplies to the residents.
1991 USS Chicago (SSN 721) arrives at San Diego, Calif., homeport following Operation Desert Storm. During the six-month deployment, the attack submarine works with US and coalition forces deployed to the Southwest Asia area of operations, conducting surveillance and reconnaissance operations.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Today's national headlines focus on President Trump's potential closure of the U.S.-Mexico border, and the political dispute of disaster relief funds to assist the Midwest with recovering from the recent flooding. USNI News reported on the first ever Surface Warfare Advanced Tactical Training event in the 7th. "Advanced training events focused on multi-ship, multi-platform responses to complex threats. For example, there were several live-fire events involving multiple ships and targets," said Lt. Joe Keiley. The Wall Street Journal reports that the U.S. is suspending delivery of support equipment and supplies to Turkey for the F-35 due to Turkey's continuing interest in Russia's S-400 antiaircraft system. Additionally, the Associated Press reported on the conclusion of the 34 nation Obangame Express training exercise.
This Day in History
April 2

The United States authorizes the minting of the $10 Eagle, $5 half-Eagle & 2.50 quarter-Eagle gold coins as well as the silver dollar, dollar, quarter, dime & half-dime.

Haitian revolt leader Toussaint L'Ouverture takes command of French forces at Santo Domingo.

The British navy defeats the Danish at the Battle of Copenhagen.

Confederate President Jefferson Davis flees Richmond, Virginia as Grant breaks Lee's line at Petersburg.

Karl Harris perfects the process for the artificial synthesis of rubber.

The U.S. Federal Reserve Board announces plans to divide the country into 12 districts.

President Woodrow Wilson presents a declaration of war against Germany to Congress.

Jeannette Pickering Rankin is sworn in as the first woman to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Virne "Jackie" Mitchell becomes the first woman to play for an all-male pro baseball team. In an exhibition game against the New York Yankees, she strikes out both Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig.

Charles Lindbergh pays over $50,000 ransom for his kidnapped son.

Soviet forces enter Romania, one of Germany's allied countries.

The National Advisory Council on Aeronautics is renamed NASA.

Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King begins the first non-violent campaign in Birmingham, Alabama.

Argentina invades the British-owned Falkland Islands.
ONDAY Morning Humor from Al   Baseball
My wife claims I'm a baseball fanatic.  She says all I ever read about is baseball.  All I ever talk about is baseball.  All I ever think about is baseball.  I told her she's way off base.
Submitted by Mark Logan:
50 best baseball quotes: in honor of the beginning of 2019 baseball season
        It ain't nothin' till I call it.—Bill Klem, legendary Major League Baseball umpire
        There have been only two authentic geniuses in the world, Willie Mays and Willie Shakespeare.—Tallulah Bankhead
        I never threw an illegal pitch. The trouble is, once in a while I toss one that ain't never been seen by this generation.—Satchel Paige
        Ninety percent of this game is half mental.—Yogi Berra
        If a woman has to choose between catching a fly ball and saving an infant's life, she will choose to save the infant's life without even considering if there is a man on base.—Dave Barry
        Who is this Baby Ruth? And what does she do?—George Bernard Shaw
        The way to make coaches think you're in shape in the spring is to get a tan.—Whitey Ford
        Running a ball club is like raising kids who fall out of trees.—Tom Trebelhorn
        I watch a lot of baseball on radio.—Gerald Ford
        I didn't mean to hit the umpire with the dirt, but I did mean to hit that bastard in the stands.—Babe Ruth
        If you get three strikes, even the best lawyer in the world can't get you off.—Bill Veeck
        Bob Gibson is the luckiest pitcher I ever saw. He always pitches when the other team doesn't score any runs.—Tim McCarver
        Trying to sneak a pitch past Hank Aaron is like trying to sneak the sunrise past a rooster.—Joe Adcock
        The other teams could make trouble for us if they win.—Yogi Berra
        Beethoven can't really be great because his picture isn't on a bubble gum card.—Charles Schulz
        I think I throw the ball as hard as anyone. The ball just doesn't get there as fast.—Eddie Bane
        Third ain't so bad if nothin' is hit to you.—Yogi Berra
        There's no crying in baseball!—Tom Hanks in A League of Their Own
        I never took the game home with me. I always left it in some bar.—Bob Lemon
        Well, it took me 17 years to get 3,000 hits in baseball, and I did it in one afternoon on the golf course.—Hank Aaron
        After Jackie Robinson, the most important black in baseball history is Reggie Jackson.—Reggie Jackson
        We know we're better than this, but we can't prove it.—Tony Gwynn
        It ain't like football. You can't make up no trick plays.—Yogi Berra
        If a horse won't eat it, I don't want to play on it.—Dick Allen on artificial turf
        "You don't realize how easy this game is until you get up in that broadcasting booth."—Mickey Mantle
        Alan Sutton Sothoron pitched his initials off today.—Anonymous, St. Louis newspaper
        All I remember about my wedding day in 1967 is that the Cubs lost a doubleheader.—George F. Will
        Never root for a team whose uniforms have elastic stretch waistbands.—Susan Sarandon
        There ain't much to being a ballplayer, if you're a ballplayer.—Honus Wagner
        Us ballplayers do things backward. First we play, then we retire and go to work.—Charlie Gehringer
        The funny thing about these uniforms is that you hang them in the closet and they get smaller and smaller.—Curt Flood
        Sure I played, did you think I was born age 70 sitting in a dugout trying to manage guys like you?—Casey Stengel, to Mickey Mantle
        When you start the game, they don't say "Work ball!" they say "Play ball!"—Willie Stargell
        There are two theories on hitting the knuckleball. Unfortunately, neither one of them works.— Charlie Lau
        The way to catch a knuckleball is to wait until the ball stops rolling and then to pick it up.—Bob Uecker
        Think! How the #$!! are you gonna think and hit at the same time?—Yogi Berra
        The majority of American males put themselves to sleep by striking out the batting order of the New York Yankees.—James Thurber
        A hot dog at the game beats roast beef at the Ritz.—Humphrey Bogart
        He's the strangest hitter in baseball. Figure him out one way and he'll kill you another.—Sandy Koufax on Roberto Clemente
        As a nation we are dedicated to keeping physically fit—and parking as close to the stadium as possible.—Bill Vaughan
        Slump? I ain't in no slump. I just ain't hitting.—Yogi Berra
        A man once told me to walk with the Lord. I'd rather walk with the bases loaded.—Ken Singleton
        I'd be willing to bet you, if I was a betting man, that I have never bet on baseball.—Pete Rose
        Little League baseball is a very good thing because it keeps the parents off the streets.—Yogi Berra
        Lasorda's standard reply when some new kid would ask directions to the whirlpool was to tell him to stick his foot in the toilet and flush it.—Steve Garvey
        If you don't succeed at first, try pitching.—Jack Harshman
        The Hall of Fame is for baseball people. Heaven is for good people.—Jim Dwyer
        So I'm ugly. So what? I never saw anyone hit with his face.—Yogi Berra
        He looks like a greyhound, but he runs like a bus.—George Brett on teammate Jamie Quirk
        The baseball mania has run its course. It has no future as a professional endeavor.—Cincinnati Gazette editorial, 1879
  "I am a Dodgers fan," a first-grade teacher explains to her class. "Who likes the Dodgers?"
  Everyone raises a hand except one little girl. "Janie," the teacher says, surprised. "Why didn't you raise your hand?"
  "I'm not a Dodgers fan."
  "Well, if you are not a Dodgers fan, then what team do you like?"
  "The San Diego Padres," Janie answers.
  "Why in the world are you a Padres fan?"
  "Because my mom and dad are Padres fans."
  "That's no reason to be a Padres fan," the teacher replies, annoyed. "You don't always have to be just like your parents. What if your mom and dad were morons? What would you be then?"
  "A Dodgers fan."
Yogi Berra says …  
For anyone who is a baseball fan and/or was as lucky, as I was, to see Yogi Berra play and coach here are a few of his immortal quotes which will live on.  Yogi Berra died at the age of 90.  He caught the only perfect game ever pitched in the World Series and I believe he played in a record 75 World Series games. 
Yogi Berra said: 
        A nickel ain't worth a dime anymore. 
        And they give you cash, which is just as good as money. 
        He hits from both sides of the plate.  He's amphibious. 
        I always thought that record would stand until it was broken. 
        I'm not going to buy my kids an encyclopedia.  Let them walk to school like I did. 
        I'm not real good at making forecasts, particularly if they involve the future. 
        I didn't really say everything I said. 
        I don't know (if they were male or female) fans running naked across the field.  They had bags over their heads. 
        I think Little League is wonderful.  It keeps the kids out of the house. 
        I usually take a two-hour nap from one 'til four. 
        I want to thank everyone for making this night necessary. 
        If you don't know where you are going, you might wind up someplace else. 
        It ain't over 'til it's over. 
        It ain't the heat, it's the humility. 
        It gets late early out here. 
        It was fun.  If I had to do it over again, I'd do it again. 
        Never answer an anonymous letter. 
        Nobody ever goes there anymore.  It's too crowded. 
        So I'm ugly.  I never saw anyone hit with his face. 
        Take it with a grin of salt. 
        The future ain't like it used to be. 
        The lousy teams are good this year. 
        The towels were so thick there I could hardly close my suitcase. 
        We made too many wrong mistakes. 
        We were overwhelming underdogs. 
        When you come to a fork in the road, take it. 
        Why buy good luggage, you only use it when you travel. 
        You can observe a lot by just watching. 
        You should always go to other people's funerals, otherwise, they won't come to yours. 
One of my all time favorites is comedian George Carlin on the difference between baseball and football:

Baseball is different from any other sport, very different. 
     For instance, in most sports you score points or goals; in baseball you score runs.
     In most sports the ball, or object, is put in play by the offensive team; in baseball the defensive team puts the ball in play, and only the defense is allowed to touch the ball. In fact, in baseball if an offensive player touches the ball intentionally, he's out; sometimes unintentionally, he's out.
     Also, in football, basketball, soccer, volleyball, and all sports played with a ball, you score with the ball and in baseball the ball prevents you from scoring.
     In most sports the team is run by a coach; in baseball the team is run by a manager. And only in baseball does the manager or coach wear the same clothing the players do. If you would have ever seen John Madden in an Oakland Raiders uniform, you'd know the reason for this custom.
     Now, I've mentioned football. Baseball and football are the two most popular spectator sports in this country. And as such, it seems they ought to be able to tell us something about ourselves and our values.  I enjoy comparing baseball and football:
     Baseball is a nineteenth-century pastoral game.
Football is a twentieth-century technological struggle.
     Baseball is played on a diamond, in a park:  The baseball park!
Football is played on a gridiron, in a stadium, sometimes called Soldier Field or War Memorial Stadium.
     Baseball begins in the spring, the season of new life.
Football begins in the fall, when everything's dying.
     In football you wear a helmet.
In baseball you wear a cap.
     Football is concerned with downs - what down is it?
Baseball is concerned with ups - who's up?
     In football you receive a penalty.
In baseball you make an error.
     In football the specialist comes in to kick.
In baseball the specialist comes in to relieve somebody.
     Football has hitting, clipping, spearing, piling on, personal fouls, late hitting and unnecessary roughness.
Baseball has the sacrifice.
     Football is played in any kind of weather: rain, snow, sleet, hail, fog...
In baseball, if it rains, we don't go out to play.
     Baseball has the seventh inning stretch.
Football has the two minute warning.
     Baseball has no time limit: we don't know when it's gonna end - might have extra innings.
Football is rigidly timed, and it will end even if we've got to go to sudden death.
     In baseball, during the game, in the stands, there's kind of a picnic feeling; emotions may run high or low, but there's not too much unpleasantness.
In football, during the game in the stands, you can be sure that at least twenty-seven times you're capable of taking the life of a fellow human being.
And finally, the objectives of the two games are completely different:  In football the object is for the quarterback, also known as the field general, to be on target with his aerial assault, riddling the defense by hitting his receivers with deadly accuracy in spite of the blitz, even if he has to use shotgun. With short bullet passes and long bombs, he marches his troops into enemy territory, balancing this aerial assault with a sustained ground attack that punches holes in the forward wall of the enemy's defensive line. In baseball the object is to go home! And to be safe! - I hope I'll be safe at home!
Have a great week,
Thanks to Mugs
Patriot Missile
I did not know it was this lethal.  Hard to believe.   If true, it has come a long way since Desert Storm.  HG
"If a Patriot is fired at your aircraft, you might as well eject there is nothing you can do to get away from it."
Thanks to NHHC
Aviation Machinist Mate First Class (AMM1/C) Bruno Peter Gaido
H-Gram 004 Attachment 5
Samuel J. Cox, Director NHHC
29 March 2017
On 1 February  1942, five Japanese twin-engine bombers made it through the USS Enterprise (CV-6) combat air patrol (fighters) defenses following the U.S. carrier raid on the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.  All the bombers missed and turned away, except the badly damaged lead plane, piloted by Lieutenant Kazuo Nakai, which turned back in an attempt to crash on the Enterprise.  As the aircraft neared the ship and anti-aircraft fire seemed ineffective, Aviation Machinist Mate Third Class (AMM3/C) Bruno Gaido leaped out of the catwalk, climbed into the back seat of a parked SBD Dauntless dive bomber (his normal position as radioman-gunner when the plane was airborne), and swiveled the plane's aft twin .30 caliber machine guns and opened fire, standing while pouring accurate fire down into the low-flying bomber's cockpit, causing it to lose control. The bomber barely missed the flight deck, its wingtip cutting the tail off the SBD Gaido was in and spinning the parked aircraft. Gaido continued firing on the bomber throughout, until it crashed in the water on the opposite side of the ship. Gaido then calmly grabbed the fire bottle from the SBD and extinguished a pool of flaming gasoline on the flight deck left over from the crashed bomber.  Thereafter, he disappeared into the ship, worried that he would get in trouble for leaving his watch station. Vice Admiral William F. Halsey, the task group commander, ordered that the unidentified gunner be found. A search party eventually located Gaido and brought him to the bridge, whereupon Halsey spot-promoted him to First Class, as everyone who observed the event credited Gaido with keeping the Enterprise from being hit in the extremely close call.
Gaido already had a reputation on Enterprise for his mental and physical toughness.  In June 1941, newly reported pilot Lieutenant Junior Grade Dusty Kleiss got into his SBD to make his first carrier landing, expecting to fly solo, only to find Gaido, who identified himself as Kleiss's radioman-gunner,  sitting in the gunner's seat instead of the usual pile of sandbags for initial carrier qualification flights. Kleiss tried to talk Gaido into getting out of the aircraft for his own safety, but Gaido persisted, responding, "You got wings, don't ya?" Buoyed by Gaido's confidence, Kleiss made several perfect landings with Gaido as a passenger. 
At the subsequent battle of Midway on 4 June 1942, Gaido was a gunner in an SBD piloted by Ensign Frank O'Flaherty, one of 28 planes that dive-bombed the Japanese carrier IJN Kaga (the bomb just missed, possibly because smoke and flames from four previous hits obscured the target). While returning to the Enterprise in a group of a six stragglers led by Lieutenant Charles Ware, the flight was jumped by six Japanese "Zero" fighters that broke away from Japanese carrier IJN Hiryu's dive-bomber counterstrike that was heading toward the carrier USS Yorktown (CV-5). Ware had earlier improvised a tactic of turning into the attacking Japanese Zeros, and did so again, creating an arc with the trailing SBD's that enabled all rear seat gunners to concentrate their fire on the leading Zeros. Two Zeros were so badly shot up they had to return to Hiryu; one ditched en route and the other barely made it to the carrier. Although it is impossible to tell which SBD gunners did the damage, given Gaido's previous history of accuracy, it is possible he did his fair share. The remaining four chastened Zeros broke off, but were unable to catch up with Hiryu's dive bombers before they were intercepted by F-4F Wildcat fighters from the Yorktown, which shot down most of the undefended dive bombers (the seven bombers that got through scored three severe direct hits and two damaging near-misses on Yorktown, so every Japanese plane lost was critical to Yorktown's survival at that point in the battle.)
Unfortunately, Gaido's plane had been holed in the wing during that or an earlier encounter with the Zeros, and was losing fuel. O'Flaherty had to ditch in the open sea. Of the other five SBD's, one was able to ditch near the Yorktown for rescue, but the other four, including Ware's, missed the U.S. carriers and disappeared without a trace into the Pacific. O'Flaherty and Gaido were picked up by the Japanese destroyer IJN Makigumo, interrogated and probably tortured. The Japanese claimed to have gotten useful information from them about the defenses of Midway Island, but the two provided nothing of value regarding the U.S. carriers. However, neither had been to Midway Island so neither had any way of knowing what was on the island (even the skipper of USS Hornet's torpedo bomber squadron did not know that a detachment from his own squadron, which had been left behind in Norfolk to transition to the new TBF Avenger, had arrived on the island). My assessment is that O'Flaherty and Gaido, under torture, gave up plausible but phony information. Certainly everyone who knew Gaido adamantly believed that he would not have cracked. However, on 15 June 1942, the Japanese decided the two aircrewmen were no longer of use. Weights were tied to both and they were thrown over the side to drown. Japanese accounts state that both met their end with stoic and dignified defiance. Gaido's fate was not known by the U.S. until after the war. None of the responsible Japanese officers survived the war, so there was no war crime prosecution. Gaido was subsequently posthumously awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.
(My thanks to Laura Orr, NHHC Hampton Roads Naval Museum, Deputy Education Director, for much of the research on Gaido.)
H-028-1: Medal of Honor Citations—U.S. Navy, Vietnam, 1969
H-Gram 028, Attachment 1
Samuel J. Cox, Director NHHC
March 2019
Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Joseph R. Kerrey, United States Naval Reserve
"For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on 14 March 1969 while serving as a SEAL Team Leader during action against enemy aggressor (Viet Cong) forces in the Republic of Vietnam. Acting in response to reliable intelligence Lieutenant (jg) Kerrey led his SEAL Team on a mission to capture important members of the enemy's area political cadre known to be located an island in the bay of Nha Trang. In order to surprise the enemy, he and his team scaled a 350-foot sheer cliff to place themselves above the ledge on which the enemy was located. Splitting his team in two elements, Lieutenant (jg) Kerrey led his men in a treacherous downward descent to the enemy's camp. Just as they neared the end of their descent, intense enemy fire was directed at them, and Lieutenant (jg) Kerrey received massive injuries from a grenade which exploded at his feet and threw him backward onto the jagged rocks. Although bleeding profusely and suffering great pain, he displayed outstanding courage and presence of mind in immediately directing his element's fire into the heart of the enemy camp. Utilizing his radioman, Lieutenant (jg) Kerrey called in the second element's fire support which caught the Viet Cong in a devastating cross fire. After successfully suppressing the enemy's fire, and although immobilized by his multiple wounds, he continued to maintain calm, superlative control as he ordered his team to secure and defend an extraction site. Lieutenant (jg) Kerrey resolutely directed his men, despite his near unconscious state, until he was eventually evacuated by helicopter. The havoc brought to the enemy by this very successful mission cannot be overestimated. The enemy who were captured provided critical intelligence to the allied effort. Lieutenant (jg) Kerry's courageous and inspiring leadership, valiant fighting spirit, and tenacious devotion to duty in the face of almost overwhelming opposition, sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Hospital Corpsman Second Class David R. Ray, United States Navy
"For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call f duty while serving as a corpsman with Battery D, 2nd Battalion, 11th Marines, 1st Marine Division, at Phu Loc 6, near An Hoa, Quang Nam Province, in the Republic of Vietnam, on 19 March 1969. During the early morning hours, an estimated battalion-sized enemy force launched a determined assault against the batteries position, and succeeded in effecting a penetration of the barbed-wire perimeter. The initial burst of enemy fire caused numerous casualties among the Marines who had immediately manned their howitzers during the rocket and mortar attack. Undaunted by the intense hostile fire, Petty Officer Ray moved from parapet to parapet, rendering emergency medical treatment to the wounded. Although seriously wounded himself wile rendering first aide to a Marine casualty, he refused medical treatment and continued his life saving efforts. While he was bandaging and attempting to comfort another wounded Marine, Petty Officer Ray was forced to battle two enemy soldiers who attacked his position, personally killing one and wounding another. Rapidly losing his strength as a result of his own severe wounds, he nonetheless managed to move through the hail of enemy fire to other casualties. Once again, he was faced with the intense fire of oncoming enemy troops, and despite the grave danger and insurmountable odds, succeeded in treating the wounded and holding off the enemy until he ran out of ammunition, at which time he sustained fatal wounds. Petty Officer Ray's final act of heroism was to protect the patient he was treating. He threw himself upon the wounded Marine, thus saving the man's life when an enemy grenade exploded nearby. By his determined and persevering actions, courageous spirit, and selfless devotion to his Marine comrades, Petty Officer Ray served to inspire the men of Battery D to heroic efforts in defeating the enemy. His conduct throughout was in keeping of the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service."
(The Spruance-class destroyer USS David R. Ray [DD-971] was named in HM2 Ray's honor, commissioned on 19 November 1977 and decommissioned on 28 February 2002, until it was sunk as a target in July 2008. The ship still remains protected under the Sunken Military Craft Act.)
Lieutenant Thomas G. Kelley, United States Navy
"For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on the afternoon of 15 June 1969 while serving as Commander River Assault Division 152 during combat operations against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Vietnam. Lieutenant Kelley was in charge of a column of eight river assault craft which were evacuating one company of United States Army infantry troops on the east bank of the Ong Muang Canal in Kien Hoa Province, when one of the armored troop carriers reported a mechanical failure of a loading ramp. At approximately the same time, Viet Cong forced opened fire from the opposite bank of the canal. After issuing orders for the crippled troop carrier to raise its ramp manually, and for the remaining boats to form a protective cordon around the disabled craft, Lieutenant Kelly, realizing the extreme danger to his column and its inability to clear the ambush site until the crippled unit was repaired, boldly maneuvered the monitor in which he was embarked to the exposed side of the protective cordon in direct line with the enemy's fire and ordered the monitor to commence firing. Suddenly an enemy rocket scored a direct hit on the coxswain's flat, the shell penetrating the thick armor plate, and the explosion spraying shrapnel in all directions. Sustaining serious head wounds from the blast, which hurled him to the deck of the monitor, Lieutenant Kelley disregarded his own severe injuries and attempted to continue directing the other boats. Although unable to move from the deck or speak clearly into the radio, he succeeded in relaying his commands through one of his men until the enemy attack was silenced and the boats were able to move to an area of safety. Lieutenant Kelley's brilliant leadership, bold initiative, and resolute determination served to inspire his men and provided the impetus needed to carry out the mission after he was medically evacuated by helicopter. His extraordinary courage under fire, and his selfless devotion to duty sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service."
Some news from around the world
  USA—Delivery Of F-35 Components Suspended Over Ankara's Purchase Of Russian Air Defense System Agence France-Presse | 04/02/2019 The Pentagon has suspended deliveries of F-35 fighter jet equipment to Turkey after Ankara indicated that it would move forward with the procurement of a Russian surface-to-air-missile system, reports Agence France-Presse.  All shipments of training equipment and other materials have been cancelled indefinitely, an anonymous source told Reuters.  The decision will remain in effect until Turkey reverses course on the planned purchase of the S-400 air defense system from Russia, said the source. If Ankara acquires the Russian system, its continued participation in the F-35 program would be at risk, a Pentagon spokesman said. The Defense Dept. has hesitated to cut Turkey from the program due to the significant participation of Turkish companies. Ten different Turkish firms produce parts for every F-35 manufactured, noted Flight Global. Washington has repeatedly expressed concerns that the proximity of Russian-made radars could endanger the secrecy of the stealthy jet's design.  On March 29, Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said the procurement was a "done deal," repeating Ankara's repeated refusals to renegotiate the deal, reported the Hurriyet Daily News (Istanbul).  Previous reports suggested the Russian system would be operational in Turkey by the end of the year.    
Philippines—Manila Protests Large Number Of Chinese Ships Near Thitu Island Philippines News Agency | 04/02/2019 The Philippine government has filed a diplomatic protest with China over the continued presence of Chinese boats and ships near a Philippine island in the South China Sea, reports the official Philippine News Agency.  About 275 Chinese vessels were spotted near Thitu Island, also called Pag-asa Island, in the first three months of 2019, a spokesman for the Philippine military's Western Command, told CNN Philippines on Monday.  The vessels are considered part of China's maritime militia, which is sometimes complemented by the Chinese coast guard to sustain an assertive presence in the region, said Western Command officials cited by the Philippine Daily Inquirer.  Zhao Jianhua, the Chinese ambassador to the Philippines, said that Beijing was working to verify the allegations. The boats might be unarmed fishing vessels, he said. The ambassador recommended raising the issue in a bilateral mechanism established to resolve conflict.  Thitu Island is administered by the Philippines but also claimed by China, Taiwan and Vietnam. There about 100 permanent residents on the island in addition to Philippine troops and military installations.  In February, the Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C. published a report detailing swarms of Chinese naval, coast guard and fishing vessels around the island as the Philippines worked to renovate a beaching ramp on the island.    
USA—Shipyard Mishap Damages Under Construction Destroyer USNI News | 04/02/2019 A heavy lift ship collided with a dry dock testing barge at Ingalls Shipbuilding, Pascagoula, Miss., which in turn struck an under construction Arleigh Burke-class destroyer, reports USNI News. On March 30, the heavy-lift ship M/V Hawk, which was arriving from Qingdao, China, to deliver a floating dry dock, hit the barge, which was supporting electrical work on the future Delbert D. Black (DDG-119). The barge subsequently made contact with the destroyer, said a Huntington Ingalls Industries release. The Delbert Black took on water as a result of the incident but is now stable. The damage is being assessed and repaired, a shipyard spokesman told USNI News. The level of damage sustained by the dry dock and barge was not immediately clear. Some minor injuries were sustained. The incident is under investigation.   
Spain—Cabinet Gives Green Light For Construction Of New Frigates Defense-Aerospace | 04/02/2019 The Spanish Cabinet has approved the construction of a new class of frigates for the navy, reports On March 29, the Council of Ministers approved the execution of the estimated US$4.9 billion (4.3 billion euro) contract with Spanish shipbuilder Navantia for five F-110 frigates. The contract was first approved by the Spanish Defense Ministry in December. The F-110s will replace the navy's aging Santa Maria-class frigates, which have been in service since 1986. The F-110 class will be 475 feet (145 m) long; displace 6,100 tons; and capable of accommodating a crew of 145. The vessels will be equipped with a 5-inch main gun; Harpoon missiles; torpedo launchers; two 30-mm guns; and a 16-cell vertical launch system, noted Naval Today. Deliveries are expected to take place between 2026 and 2031.    
Russia—Il-112V Light Transport Aircraft Finally Makes Debut Flight Tass | 04/02/2019 After numerous delays, Russia's domestically designed Il-112V light transport has made its maiden flight, reports the Tass news agency. The Ilyushin Il-112V aircraft flew for the first time on March 30, the eve of the 125th birthday of Soviet aircraft designer Sergei Ilyushin, the manufacturer told the news agency. The aircraft took off from the VASO manufacturing plant in Russia's southwestern Voronezh oblast, reported Flight Global.  The beginning of flight testing marks a significant milestone, since the program schedule has been delayed several times. Development of the Il-112V began in 2014. The aircraft is the first domestically developed military transport in the post-Soviet era and is expected to replace the military's An-24 and An-26 turboprop aircraft. Serial production could begin as soon as 2022-2023, according to AIN Online. The Il-112V can carry up to 5 tons of cargo and transport troops, military equipment and weapons. Moscow has indicated plans to purchase 62 Il-112Vs, noted IHS Jane's Defence Weekly.    
Taiwan—President Calls On Military To Expel Future Chinese Incursion Across Median Line South China Morning Post | 04/02/2019 Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen has authorized a forceful response to Chinese aircraft that cross the median line of the Taiwan Strait, reports the South China Morning Post.  In an online statement on Monday, Tsai said that any Chinese military aircraft will be "forcefully expelled" after crossing the median line that separates the self-ruled island from mainland China.  Her remarks came a day after two Chinese J-11 jets crossed the strait, leading Taipei to scramble jets in response. The incursion lasted for about 10 minutes, an unusually long period, said Taiwanese officials.  The incursion was a response to U.S. Navy freedom of navigation operations in the strait, said analysts. Some expressed concern that Beijing might step up such provocative actions as long as the U.S. maintains its strong stance in the region, potentially leading to a new crisis.     
Japan—Air Self-Defense Force Declares Initial Operational Capability For F-35s Defense-Aerospace | 04/02/2019 The Japan Air Self-Defense Force has declared initial operational capability (IOC) with its first F-35A fighter squadron, reports On March 29, the JASDF stood up its first operational F-35A fighter squadron, the 302nd Tactical Fighter Squadron at Misawa Air Base in the northern part of Japan's main Honshu Island.  The F-35As will replace the squadron's aging F-4EJ Kai fighters, noted Flight Global. The first aircraft to be assigned to the squadron was also the second F-35A assembled at the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries F-35 final assembly and check-out facility in Nagoya. The milestone marks the first operational F-35 unit for an Indo-Pacific operator, said Vice Adm. Mat Winter, the head of the F-35 Joint Program Office. Meanwhile, the South Korean air force received the first two F-35As at Cheongju air base on March 29, reported the Yonhap news agency (Seoul). The aircraft are the first of 10 scheduled for delivery by the end of the year. The date for their full operational deployment has yet to be finalized, but a ceremony to publicize their introduction is expected to take place in the next two months, said South Korea's Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA).    
Brazil—Navy To Take Over Lease Of British Patrol Vessel Next Year Mercopress | 04/02/2019 The Brazilian navy has been negotiating to take over the lease of a British River-class offshore patrol vessel, reports MercoPress (Uruguay). The Clyde will be transferred to the Brazilian navy when her lease expires at the end of 2019, Brazilian officials said at a recent defense dialogue in Sao Paulo, as quoted by local media. HMS Clyde was built by BAE Systems and is leased and operated by the British Royal Navy, while the company provides maintenance and logistical support. The vessel is currently deployed to the Falkland Islands and will be replaced by HMS Forth once she completes a refit.   
Lebanon—Pompeo Warns Hariri Of New Hezbollah Missile Site Jerusalem Post | 04/02/2019 U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo informed the Lebanese government of a new Hezbollah missile factory, during a visit last month, reports the Jerusalem Post.  Israeli intelligence reportedly shared the information with Pompeo, said a report by the Israeli Channel 13.  The top U.S. diplomat informed Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri that the Hezbollah missiles risked sparking another round of conflict between Israel and Lebanon, reported the Times of Israel.  In September, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu publicly revealed what he said were Hezbollah rocket manufacturing facilities. The sites were shuttered within weeks but may have been moved.  Hezbollah had reportedly been attempting to build infrastructure to add precision capabilities to its surface-to-air missiles. The heart of the project is said to have been relocated to civilian areas of Beirut.   
Yemen—CENTCOM Strikes In Yemen Target Al-Qaida U.S. Central Command | 04/02/2019 U.S. Central Command says it conducted eight airstrikes against terrorist targets in Yemen in the first quarter of 2019.  Two strikes in January hit Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) targets in the central Marib and Bayda governates, according to a command release on Monday.  A Jan. 1 attack killed Jamal al-Badawi, an architect of the bombing of the USS Cole destroyer in 2000, according to U.S. officials cited by the National (U.A.E.).  Six airstrikes in in March hit AQAP terrorists in Bayda. The U.S. continues to support counterterrorism operations against AQAP and ISIS in Yemen in coordination with the Yemeni government, a CENTCOM spokesman said.  Central Command said in January that it had conducted 36 strikes against Al-Qaida and ISIS targets in Yemen in 2018.  
Mozambique—AFRICOM Joins Relief Efforts After Deadly Cyclone Military Times | 04/02/2019 U.S. Africa Command is working to help survivors of Cyclone Idai in Mozambique, reports the Military Times. The command has been authorized to spend up to $15 million on operations until April 15, Brig. Gen. Robert Huston, the command's deputy director of operations, said on Monday. At least 125 tons of food have been delivered and 30 sorties conducted so far, Huston said during a teleconference. A team from the Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa has deployed to Mozambique and is supported by a team in Djibouti. Air Force C-17 transports are ferrying supplies into Mozambique from the U.N. World Food Program locations in Pisa, Italy, and Dubai. From Maputo, C-130 Hercules transports, small planes, trucks and boats distribute aid across the country. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has also provided $6.2 million to move food and water. Cyclone Idai hit on March 14, causing widespread flooding and leading to more than 700 deaths and displacing thousands in Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi, noted the Stars and Stripes.   
Nigeria—Top Boko Haram Commander Killed In Lake Chad Op Sahara Reporters | 04/02/2019 The regional task force fighting Boko Haram around Lake Chad says it has killed 16 suspected terrorists, including a senior leader, reports Sahara Reporters (New York).  The task force was conducting clearing operation in Kirenowa in Nigeria when they encountered a Boko Haram camp at Andakar, a spokesman for the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) said in a statement on Sunday. During the fighting, Boko Haram commander Malloum Moussa and 15 other fighters were "neutralized" the task force said. The term is commonly used to described militants killed by security forces, noted the Defense Post.  Five gun trucks were destroyed at the site. Troops also found a woman at the camp whose relationship to the fighters is being investigated, he said. Malloum was in charge of the southern Lake Chad area, including a series of islands used by insurgents as hideouts.  He had imposed high taxes on local farmers, fishermen and herders, said the task force spokesman. The MNJTF includes troops from Benin, Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria. Its headquarters is in N'Djamena, the Chadian capital.    
Nigeria—10 Farmers Killed In Possible Reprisal Attack In Zamfara State Daily Trust Of Abuja (Nigeria) | 04/02/2019 At least 10 farmers have been killed in an attack in Nigeria's northwestern Zamfara state, reports the Daily Trust (Abuja). On Saturday, bandits on motorbikes fired on farmers working in onion fields outside the village of Kursasa in the Shinkafi district, locals told the newspaper. Security personnel were deployed to the area following the attack, officials said. The attack may have been in response to military raids last week that targeted bandit training camps in the region, reported Agence France-Presse. At least 62 people have reportedly been killed in the region by armed bandits over the last two months.    
Pakistan—3 Soldiers Die In Latest Exchange Of Fire In Kashmir Dawn | 04/02/2019 At least three Pakistani soldiers have been killed and one injured by Indian mortar fire across the line of control, reports the Dawn(Karachi).  The latest exchange of fire occurred on Tuesday in the Poonch district of Pakistan-administered Kashmir, the military said.  Most Indian attacks have hit military posts but some struck civilian targets, said the Pakistani military. The Indian army said it destroyed seven Pakistani military posts in the area, reported the Press Trust of India.  The clash came a day after a Pakistan man was killed and five civilians were injured by mortar fragments.  India also accused Pakistani troops of cross-border attacks.  On Monday, an Indian Border Security Forces inspector and two civilians were killed and 24 others injured in heavy shelling in the Poonch district of Indian-administered Kashmir.    
Afghanistan—Taliban Assaults In North Kill 19 Troops Deutsche Presse-Agentur | 04/02/2019 At least 19 security forces have been killed in separate attacks in northern Afghanistan, reports Deutsche Presse-Agentur. On Monday, the Taliban ambushed army checkpoints in the Bala Murghab district in the northwestern Badghis province, killing 14 and injuring five, said provincial officials. Five security forces were killed in a separate Taliban assault on a military base in the Suzmah Qala district in the northern Sar-e Pul province, said a local official. Another five were injured in the attack and at least six were taken hostage, the official said. Meanwhile, the Afghan military said it killed dozens of militants in operations around the country, reported Xinhua, China's state news agency. An operation against Taliban positions in the Khashrod district of the western Nimruz province on Monday killed 22 insurgents and injured another 10. An operation in the northern Baghlan province on Sunday resulted in the deaths of 10 militants, including Taliban commander Mullah Manan, an army spokesman said. Finally, seven militants were killed in an overnight operation in the Gereshk district of the southern Helmand province, provincial officials said on Monday. The Taliban has increasingly targeted Afghan security forces in recent months despite active peace talks with the United States. The military gains have improved the group's leverage in political talks, said watchdog International Crisis Group.     
Philippines—Police Kill 14 In Search For Illegal Guns In Negros Oriental Province Deutsche Welle | 04/02/2019 Philippine police say they killed suspected communist rebels while searching for illegal weapons on the central Negros Island, reports Deutsche Welle. Fighting erupted on Saturday after suspected rebels opened fire on security forces conducting home searches for unlicensed firearms and guerillas from the New People's Army, who had been accused of attacks on police officers. Fifteen other suspects were arrested during the raids in Canlaon city, Manjuyod and Santa Catalina, police said. Eight people were killed in Canlaon City; four in Manjuyod and two in Santa Catalina, reported the Manila Times. Rights groups have called for an investigation into the attack, claiming that the victims were all farmers. Police officials emphasized that their actions were in response to threats and did not violate human rights. The operations reportedly resulted in the recovery of two rifle grenades, seven .45-caliber pistols, 13 .38-caliber revolvers, a .357 Magnum revolver, two shotguns and ammunition. Among the fatalities was Edgardo Avelino, the 59-year-old chairman of a farmers group, and his 53-year-old brother Ismael, said human-rights groups cited by the Philippine Daily Inquirer. The Negros branch of the Karapatan group said that armed men in civilian clothes raided the houses of the brothers and gunned them down. In December, six farmers and more than 50 others were arrested in similar raids on the island.                                                                                        

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