Monday, March 18, 2019

TheList 4950

The List 4950 TGB

To All,
I hope that you all had a great weekend. 

This day in Naval History
March 18
1901During the Philippine Insurrection, USS Vicksburg (Gunboat #11), commanded by Cmdr. E.B. Barry, begins supporting the U.S. Army's operations under Brig. Gen. Frederick Funston around Kasiguran Bay and Palanan Bay, Luzon, Philippines.
1945Four destroyers, USS Menges (DE 320), USS Mosely (DE 321), USS Pride (DE 323) and USS Lowe (DE 325), sink the German submarine U 866 south of Nova Scotia.
1945Planes from Task Force 58 attack airfields on southern Kyushu and shipping lanes, including a Japanese convoy escorted by Coast Defense Vessel No. 29 and submarine chaser Ch 58.
1974As a part of the cease fire between Egypt and Israel after the Yom Kippur War in 1973, Task Force 56 is sent to sweep mines from the northern part of the Suez Canal as part of Operation Nimble Star.
1989USS Philippine Sea (CG 58) is commissioned at Portland, ME. Named for the naval World War II Battle of the Philippine Sea, the Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruiser is homeported in Mayport, FL.
1991The first ship supporting Operation Desert Shield/Storm, combat store ship USS Sylvania (AFS 2), returns back to Norfolk, VA. While supporting Desert Shield/Storm, Sylvania delivered 19,000+ pallets of cargo (equaling 20,500 tons of supplies), answered 30,000+ requisitions, and delivered spare parts and food sustaining 35,000+ sailors aboard 150 ships.
2006While conducting maritime security operations as part of Combined Task Force 150 in the Indian Ocean, USS Cape St. George (CG 71) and USS Gonzalez (DDG 66) return fire on a group of pirates, killing one and wounding five. The incident occurs about 25 nautical miles off the central eastern coast of Somalia in international waters.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Today's national headlines include the Transportation Department inspector general investigating the FAA's approval of Boeing's 737 Max and flooding in the Midwest that has affected Offutt Air Force base.  USS Harry S. Truman returned to sea on Saturday three months after returning from testing the Dynamic Force Employment plan created by former Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis reports Navy Times. "Truman is heading out for a scheduled independent steaming event to get the crew's feet wet after a couple of months home," said Cmdr. Dave Hecht.  Additionally, NBC News reported on the efforts of retired Master Chief Bill Goines, America's first black Navy SEAL, to recruit men and women of color for the Navy SEALs.
This day in World History
0037 The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius' will and proclaims Caligula emperor.
1692 William Penn is deprived of his governing powers.
1863 Confederate women riot in Salisbury, N.C. to protest the lack of flour and salt in the South.
1865 The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourns for the last time.
1874 Hawaii signs a treaty giving exclusive trading rights with the islands to the United States.
1881 Barnum and Bailey's Greatest Show on Earth opens in Madison Square Gardens.
1911 Theodore Roosevelt opens the Roosevelt Dam in Phoenix, Ariz., the largest dam in the United States to date.
1913 Greek King George I is killed by an assassin. Constantine I is to succeed.
1916 On the Eastern Front, the Russians counter the Verdun assault with an attack at Lake Naroch. The Russians lose 100,000 men and the Germans lose 20,000.
1917 The Germans sink the U.S. ships, City of Memphis, Vigilante and the Illinois, without any type of warning.
1922 Mahatma Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience in India.
1939 Georgia finally ratifies the Bill of Rights, 150 years after the birth of the federal government. Connecticut and Massachusetts, the only other states to hold out, also ratify the Bill of Rights in this year.
1942 The third military draft begins in the United States.
1943 American forces take Gafsa in Tunisia.
1943 Adolf Hitler calls off the offensive in the Caucasus.
1944 The Russians reach the Romanian border.
1950 Nationalist troops land on the mainland of China and capture Communist-held Sungmen.
1953 The Braves baseball team announces that they are moving from Boston to Milwaukee.
1965 Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov becomes the first man to spacewalk when he exits his Voskhod 2 space capsule while in orbit around the Earth.
1969 President Richard M. Nixon authorizes Operation Menue, the 'secret' bombing of Cambodia.
1970 The U.S. Postal Service is paralyzed by the first postal strike.
1971 U.S. helicopters airlift 1,000 South Vietnamese soldiers out of Laos.
1975 South Vietnam abandons most of the Central Highlands to North Vietnamese forces.
1977 Congo President Marien Ngouabi is killed by a suicide commando.
1981 The United States discloses biological weapons tests in Texas in 1966.
1986 Buckingham Palace announces the engagement of Prince Andrew to Sarah Ferguson.
Natural gas explosion kills nearly 300 at Texas school
Nearly 300 students in Texas are killed by an explosion of natural gas at their school on this day in 1937.
The Consolidated School of New London, Texas, sat in the middle of a large oil and natural gas field. The area was dominated by 10,000 oil derricks, 11 of which stood right on school grounds. The school was newly built in the 1930s for close to $1 million and, from its inception, bought natural gas from Union Gas to supply its energy needs. The school's natural gas bill averaged about $300 a month. Eventually, officials at Consolidated School were persuaded to save money by tapping into the wet-gas lines operated by Parade Oil Company that ran near the school. Wet gas is a type of waste gas that is less stable and has more impurities than typical natural gas. At the time, it was not completely uncommon for consumers living near oil fields to use this gas.
At 3:05 p.m. on March 18, a Thursday afternoon, the 694 students and 40 teachers in attendance at the Consolidated School were looking forward to the final bell, which was to ring in 10 minutes. Instead, a huge and powerful explosion, which literally blew the roof off of the building, leveled the school. The blast was felt by people 40 miles away and killed most victims instantly. People rushed to the scene to pull out survivors; hundreds of injured students were hauled from the rubble. Miraculously, some students walked away unharmed; 10 of these were found under a large bookcase that shielded them from the falling building. First-aid stations were established in the nearby towns of Tyler, Overton, Kilgore and Henderson to tend to the wounded. Reportedly, a blackboard at the destroyed school was found that read, Oil and natural gas are East Texas' greatest natural gifts. Without them, this school would not be here and none of us would be learning our lessons.
The exact cause of the spark that ignited the gas was never found, although it is now known that the gas could have been ignited by static electricity. As a result of this incident, wet gas was required to be burned at the site rather than piped away
Many of you have seen some of these from yesterday's Bubba List. If you are or have been a Naval
Aviator and not on the Bubba List also just drop me a note to and I will add you
Yesterday was a sad day for Naval Aviation with the loss of one of our comrade - Hoser -Has left the bonds of Earth.
Thanks to a forward from TR.
Hoser's final trap. 0K_3. We have lost a Great American and a National Treasure. Hand salute, Two.
Turk Pentecost and Rattler called at virtually the same time to announce Hoser's passing at 1347 PDT on a call from Pamela.

We've lost one of our best. Turtle's treatise below is excellent as are several more here - all from the heart. There will be plenty more and we will archive them for the future - anyone thinking "movie"; book for sure!!! Pamela tells us he has a library of diaries of all his cruises. 
VR, Hot Dog sends
The Satrapa's home address in case folks want to send sympathy cards etc,:

330 Berleley, Ave.
Roseville, Ca.  95678
It has happened a lot...and often...and especially these past few years...but I don't remember my eyes EVER stinging as badly or the tears squirting as quickly as they did just now...when I just read TR's note. Hoser's magic in an airplane and the reach of his friendship seemed to have no limits. Surely, to all of us, he will always be "the most unforgettable character I ever met".

Thanks to Turtle 
Snort and Hill Billy,
Please accept a huge thank you from all of us here and from so many other Naval Aviators who were influenced in such a positive way by the life of Joe Satrapa. As you both sat with him and watched him turn and head west your remembrance of those the wonderful flying stories was as great a gift to him as any of us could ever hope for. We all have a bunch of Hoser stories and we all could imagine being there with you to make it easier somehow. 
Hoser was an incredible example in so many ways and all of us watched him all the time, even if we didn't realize it. We tried to learn how he thought up all his genius ideas, how he talked, thought and flew and how he did all those wonderful moves in the air, even though we knew we probably would never be able to do it even if we could figure it out. We took the pieces we could and we were better for it. 
He embodied the spirit of attack and his greatest example was to plan to win, expect to win, attack with a single purpose and, He was an inspiration to all of us in so many ways. And a true friend too. 
One thing I know and that's as we all forge ahead here, when the time comes that we need a wingman in a fight, all we have to do is look out the window to the right and Hoser will be there, tightening up his mask, pushing 'em up. A good feeling.

Thanks again for representing all of us at an unspeakably difficult moment. 
As Yank says...Let it bring us all closer. 
Thanks to Dale
All ,
Hill Billy and I both spent close to 3 hours with Hoser. He could not talk but he could see us and hear us. We relived many of great times we shared. Thanks to Jay Bird. and Rabbit for calling me and speaking to Hoser on my on speaker. I know it meant a lot to him. 
I am very very happy Hill Billy and I were able to spend what will be our last time with him but it was fucking hard to see him like that. The Fighter Gods are  going to embrace him soon. 
Pam was stoic and amazing in how she is handling the double tough scenario with Hoser and Casandra. Hoser does not want a funeral or service so we will all just say out good bye's in our own way. Pam told me he wants to be cremated and have me spread his ashes in the air. I plan on doing that from the speed brakes of one of our A4's over the Nellis Range where Hoser kicked many an ass in Aim Ace. A fitting end.
Pam will continue to need our support so thank you all for helping her.
Tough day, but for Hoser enjoy and max out every day!
Fly good and don't suck.
Thanks to Wigs
What a sad loss and what an amazing individual.  Certainly brings a tear, but at the same time I can't even begin to count how many times I've related Hoser stories.  And will continue to do so.  I love watching that clip on U Tube of him making a VERY low pass at an airshow in his S-2 Firebomber dropping water all the length of the runway while telling tower he hopes there are no fires around!  God Bless!
Thanks to Barrett
John Nichols admired Hoser tremendously
But During a Fallon det they were billeted in separate BOQ rooms with adjoining head.  Pirate heard something in there pretty dang early and opened the door--and nearly gagged.
Hoser had been out bird hunting and used the sink to clean the products of his shotgun excursion. 
As is well known, Hoser was ballistically enthused.  He never mentioned it to me (wish I'd thought to ask) but reputedly he had the eminently bribable parachute riggers modify his torso harness to accept a "chopped" tommygun, extra mags--and grenades.  (He traded some marines a coupla flight jackets for the latter.)  People were uncertain how an ejection seat would handle all that ordnance but Hoser was unconcerned:
"Just because you're on the ground doesn't mean the fight's over.  You just change tactics."
Then there was the T-28 mountain goat hunt with his new Weatherby rifle.  IIRC Nargi was driving...
And here I was wondering about a subject for this month's blog...
Per his own request there will be no funeral or memorial service for Hoser.  Instead, Snort will drop his ashes over the Nellis OPAREA from one of Draaken's A-4's.
Thanks to Bob
Tough to hear of "Hoser" Satrapa's passing. I wrote about him in Wings of Fury, a 1996 book. He was a George Patton of the air, a gutsball warrior if there ever was one. In recent years, we'd became friends. It was mostly shared politics. He'd call in that gravel voice, "Robert!" and we'd discuss the latest. Most recently he'd retired from aerial firefighting. He said he'd noticed slow reactions in himself and didn't want to harm anyone, let alone the plane. I didn't sense the end was near. I'd actually thought of writing a book about him. Two careers: a navy fighter legend and bombing forest fires. It was a life of high danger he sought and loved. 
 Few can say that. But few were like Hoser. I remember first meeting him and learning he had a big toe for a thumb. He'd lost it in a hunting accident. To keep flying, he had surgeons do the switch. That was our introduction. He'd played football at Navy but all he'd really wanted was to graduate, get out of there, and fly fighters in Vietnam, the first war for which he was eligible. He served three tours, mostly in F-8s, "the last gunfighters," and did everything possible to goad MiGs into a fight, including trolling low above North Vietnam, daring and baiting, but no joy. Retiring, he was called back by Navy Secretary John Lehman because his fighter leadership was so valued.
 Hoser, I think – at least in those Vietnam days - was a war lover. Like Patton, he believed war his destiny. "I have always enjoyed danger," he wrote in a diary he gave me. "But not until a few years ago did I know why…I thought at first it was for recognition from people around me, until I found myself doing things which were dangerous with no chance of anyone finding out and still enjoying them just as much." Fighter pilots, he wrote, fall into two categories, "Those who are going out to shoot and those who secretly and desperately know they will be shot at; the hunters and the hunted." Hoser was a hunter. He told me he'd gone to see Carlos Hathcock, the famous marine sniper, just to learn how to stalk.
 He may not have gotten a MiG. But to those who knew him or benefited from his teaching and example, Hoser was the embodiment of a courageous, skillful, smart, relentless fighter pilot and aviator. He wrote in his diary, "We all knew the meaning of fear and felt it according to our temperaments and training. I never knew a pilot who fell outside this category; our simple duty was to control fear and live and fly with it. Once you gave way to panic, you were finished."
 I was not a flyer, just a friend. But I will miss that gravelly voice bellowing, "Robert!" 
Some Monday Morning Humor from Al
Submitted by Colleen Grosso:
·        Do twins ever realize that one of them is unplanned?
·        What if my dog only brings back my ball, because he thinks I like throwing it?
·        If poison expires, is it more poisonous or is it no longer poisonous?
·        Which letter is silent in the word "Scent," the S or the C?
·        Why is the letter W, in English, called double U? Shouldn't it be called double V?
·        Maybe oxygen is slowly killing you and it just takes 75-100 years to fully work.
·        Every time you clean something, you just make something else dirty.
·        The word "swims" upside-down is still "swims".
·        Intentionally losing a game of rock, paper, and scissors is just as hard as trying to win.
·        100 years ago everyone owned a horse and only the rich had cars. Today everyone has cars and only the rich own horses.
·        Your future self is watching you right now through memories.
·        The doctors that told Stephen Hawking he had two years to live in 1953 are probably also dead.
·        If you replace "W" with "T" in "What, Where and When", you get the answer to each of them.
·        Many animals probably need glasses, but nobody knows it.
·        If you rip a hole in a net, there are actually fewer holes in it than there were before.
·        If 2/2/22 falls on a Tuesday, we'll just call it "2's Day".
·        100 years ago a Twenty Dollar bill and a Twenty Dollar gold piece were interchangeable. Either one would buy a new suit, new shoes and a night on the town. The Twenty Dollar gold piece will still do that.
Submitted by Mark Logan:
Did you know…   
·        In more than half of all states in the United States of America, the highest paid public employee in the state is a football coach
·        It costs the U S government 1.8 cents to mint a penny and 9.4 cents to mint a nickel. 
·        Almost half of all Americans (47 percent) do not put a single penny out of their paychecks into savings. 
·        Apple has more cash than the U S Treasury. 
·        The state of Alaska is 429 times larger than the state of Rhode Island, but Rhode Island has a significantly larger population than Alaska. 
·        Alaska has a longer coastline than all of the other 49 U.S. states put together
·        The city of Juneau, Alaska, is about 3,000 square miles in size. It is actually larger than the entire state of Delaware. 
·        When LBJ's "War on Poverty" began, less than 10percent of all U S children were growing up in single parent households. Today, that number has skyrocketed to 33 percent.  Why?  The 'breadwinner' is Uncle Sam's welfare program. 
·        In 1950, less than 5 percent of all babies in America were born to unmarried parents.  Today, that number is over 40 percent
·        The poverty rate for households that are led by a married couple is 6.8 percent.  For households that are led by a female single parent, the poverty rate is 37.1 percent
·        In 2013, women earned 60 percent of all bachelor's degrees that were awarded that year in the United States. 
·        According to the CDC, 34.6 percent of all men in the U S are obese.  
·        The average supermarket in the United States wastes about 3,000 lbs of food each year.  Meanwhile, approximately 20 percent of the garbage that goes into our landfills is food. 
·        According to one recent survey, 81 percent of Russians now have a negative view of the United States.  That is much higher than at the end of the Cold War era. 
·        Montana has three times as many cows as it does people. 
·        The grizzly bear is the official state animal of California.  But no grizzly bears have been seen there since 1922.  They are plentiful in Mississippi, Tennessee and other southern states however.
·        One recent survey discovered that "a steady job" is the number one thing that American women are looking for in a husband, and discovered that 75 percent of women would have a serious problem dating an unemployed man. 
·        According to a study conducted by economist Carl Benedict Frey and engineer Michael Osborne, up to 47 percent of the jobs in the United States could soon be lost to computers, robots and other forms of technology. 
·        The only place in the United States where coffee is grown commercially is in Hawaii
·        The original name of the city of Atlanta was "Terminus". 
·        The state with the most millionaires per capita is Maryland
·        One survey of 50-year-old men in the U S found that only 12 percent of them said that they were "very happy." 
·        The United States has 845 motor vehicles for every 1,000 people. 
·        48 percent of all Americans do not have any emergency supplies in their homes what so ever.  Even fewer have fire extinguishers. 
·        There are three towns in the United States that have the name "Santa Claus."  
·        There is actually a town in Michigan called "Hell."  (I wonder how far down the road from Detroit that is?).  Also one called 'Climax.' 
·        If you have no debt and also have 10 dollars in your wallet ... you are wealthier than 25 percent of all Americans. 
Submitted by John Hudson:
Did you know…
·        A dime has 118 ridges around the edge.
·        A cat has 32 muscles in each ear.
·        A crocodile cannot stick out its tongue.
·        A dragonfly has a life span of 24 hours.
·        A goldfish has a memory span of three seconds.
·        A "jiffy" is an actual unit of time for 1/100th of a second.
·        A shark is the only fish that can blink with both eyes.
·        A snail can sleep for three years.
·        Al Capone's business card said he was a used furniture dealer.
·        All 50 states are listed across the top of the Lincoln Memorial on the back of the $5 bill.
·        Almonds are a member of the peach family.
·        An ostrich's eye is bigger than its brain.
·        Babies are born without kneecaps. They don't appear until the child reaches 2 to 6 years of age.
·        Butterflies taste with their feet.
·        Cats have over one hundred vocal sounds. Dogs only have about 10.
·        "Dreamt" is the only English word that ends in the letters "mt".
·        February 1865is the only month in recorded history not to have a full moon.
·        In the last 4,000 years, no new animals have been domesticated.
·        If the population of China walked  past you, in single file, the line would never end because of the rate of reproduction.
·        If you are an average American, in your whole life, you will spend an average of 6 months waiting at red lights.
·        It's impossible to sneeze with your eyes open.
·        Leonardo Da Vinci invented the scissors.
·        Maine is the only state whose name is just one syllable.
·        No word in the English language rhymes with month, orange, silver, or purple.
·        Our eyes are always the same size from birth, but our nose and ears never stop growing.
·        Peanuts are one of the ingredients of dynamite .
·        Rubber bands last longer when refrigerated.
·        "Stewardesses" is the longest word typed with only the left hand and "lollipop" with your right.
·        The average person's left hand does 56% of the typing.
·        The cruise liner,  QE2, moves only six inches for each gallon of diesel that it burns.
·        The microwave was invented after a researcher walked by a radar tube and a chocolate bar melted in his pocket.
·        The sentence:  "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog" uses every letter of the alphabet.
·        The winter of 1932 was so cold that Niagara Falls froze completely solid.
·        The words 'racecar,' 'kayak' and 'level' are the same whether they are read left to right or right to left (palindromes).
·        There are 293 ways to make change for a dollar.
·        There are more chickens than people in the world.
·        There are only four words in the English language which end in "dous": tremendous, horrendous, stupendous, and hazardous .
·        There are two words in the English language that have all five vowels in order: "abstemious" and "facetious."
·        There's no Betty Rubble in the Flintstones Chewables Vitamins.
·        Tigers have striped skin, not just striped fur.
·        TYPEWRITER is the longest word that can be made using the letters only on one row of the keyboard.
·        Winston Churchill was born in a ladies' room during a dance.
·        Women blink nearly twice as much as men.
·        Your stomach has to produce a new layer of mucus every two weeks; otherwise it will digest itself.
Submitted by Wick Parcells:
Passing on some wisdom…
·        Where there's a will, I to be in it. 
·        Since light travels faster than sound, some people appear bright until you hear them speak. 
·        If I agreed with you, we'd both be wrong.
·        War does not determine who is right - only who is left.
·        5 Knowledge is knowing a tomato is a fruit. Wisdom is not putting it in a fruit salad. 
·        They begin the evening news with 'Good Evening,' then proceed to tell you why it isn't.
·        To steal ideas from someone is plagiarism. To steal from many is called research.
·        In filling in an application, where it says, 'In case of emergency', notify: I put 'DOCTOR.'
·        I didn't say it was your fault, I said I was blaming you.
·        Women will never be equal to men until they can walk down the street with a bald head and a beer gut, and still think they look sexy.
·        Behind every successful man is his woman. Behind the fall of a successful man is usually another woman.
·        A clear conscience is the sign of a bad memory.
·        I used to be indecisive. Now I'm not so sure.
·        Nostalgia isn't what it used to be. Nor is there any future in it.
·        Change is inevitable, except from a vending machine.
·        Going to church doesn't make you a Christian any more than standing in your garage makes you a car.
·        I'm supposed to respect my elders, but it's getting harder and harder for me to find one now.
·        I am not arguing with you, I am explaining why you are wrong.
Class is over.  Have a great week,
Thanks to Carl
March 17, 2019
A Tale of Two Americas in 1969: Apollo 11 and Woodstock
Coming up this July and August are the 50th anniversaries of two seminal events that highlight and distinguish the two visions of American that still define in many ways the country as it is today.  Those two events were the moon landing of Apollo 11 on July 20, 1969 and, a month later, the Woodstock Music & Arts Fair, primarily a musical festival, that took place in the small rural community of Bethel in upstate New York on August 15–18, 1969.  Estimates were as high as a million people and as low as half a million attending, but it was most likely in the neighborhood of 400,000.
The Apollo 11 landing and man walking on the moon for the first time represented the pinnacle of human achievement in overcoming limitations.  Woodstock represented the pinnacle of man's attempt to achieve personal liberation by rebelling against the traditions, values, and norms of a society that created the conditions for the moon landing: discipline, perseverance, and sacrifice in order to achieve something greater than oneself.  Woodstock was the apotheosis of hyper-individualism and narcissism centuries in the making.
The Apollo 11 moon landing and Woodstock were and still are the perfect symbols for conservatism and liberalism.  The juxtaposition of those two seminal events at virtually the same point in time is an amazing confluence filled with historical irony.
When Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon, it was less than seventy years since the first manned flight by the Wright Brothers at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina and only eight years after John Kennedy made his famous declaration in 1961 that the United States would put a man on the moon before the end of the decade.  These accomplishments boggle the mind and could have been done only in a society where personal responsibility and accountability are the foundations of achievement.
Woodstock was just another manifestation of what Nietzsche called the transvaluation of values, which came to be known as moral inversion.  Simply defined, this is when good becomes bad and bad becomes good.  Modern liberalism embodies moral inversion as an ideology that has promoted and continues to promote the slow-motion slippery-slope destruction of any sense of sacrifice, where the siren song of the world is to follow one's heart and passion.  This is nothing other than giving license to do what one pleases, even though the destructive consequences are all too common.
Take smoking pot as one example; it was most assuredly in ample supply at Woodstock.  Up until the sixties, this was a societal taboo.  Now it's been mainstreamed, legalized in many states, and many of the Democrat 2020 presidential hopefuls are proposing its legalization nationwide.  What was once bad is now good.  It goes on and on in the liberal scheme of things.
Conservatives view the world through an entirely different lens: if sufficient restraints aren't kept in place through discipline and tradition, bad things are going to happen.  Liberalism's operating philosophy at a cultural level has been one of permissiveness and hedonism.  If anyone tries to get in the way of one's personal gratification, he is immediately declared "phobic" and an oppressor.
What is truly ironic is that the personal freedom that liberalism says it has to offer is always co-opted into big money by corporate interests.  Pot companies are going public by raising tens of billions of dollars from investors in order to finance the emerging industry.  The abortion industry is nothing but a big business enterprise masquerading as a vital service.  It preaches the message of freedom that comes with ending an unwanted pregnancy, all the while raking in millions of dollars every year.
These are examples of the realization of Nietzsche's prophetic vision of a God-less future for Western societies that have discarded Christian morality.
Woodstock was one of the most notable counter-cultural events of the sixties that were years of rebellion against the Vietnam War and the conformity and banality of America's consumer society.  The irony is that it mainstreamed rock and roll by turning it into a multi-billion-dollar industry, enriching "capitalist pigs" in the process.
Fifty years later, the Apollo 11 moon landing and Woodstock are emblematic of the culture wars still raging between conservatism and liberalism.  One ideology sees restraint and limitations as the pathway to an orderly society that allows everyone to live in harmony with others.  The other sees personal liberation through the satisfaction of one's pleasures by throwing off all restraint and limitations as the road to a harmonious society.  One is constructive; the other is destructive.  One transcends time; the other is temporal.  One is true, and one is a lie.
USA—Keel Laid For Bougainville Amphib Naval Sea Systems Command | 03/18/2019 The U.S. Navy's newest America-class amphibious assault ship has reached a major construction milestone, reports the U.S. Naval Sea Systems Command. On March 14, Huntington Ingalls Industries laid the keel for the Bougainville (LHA-8) during a ceremony at its shipyard in Pascagoula, Miss., said a NAVSEA release. The milestone marks the joining together of a ship's components, the release said. Fabrication work began in October 2018. The Bougainville is the third ship in the America class and the first in the Flight I configuration, which adds a well deck and has a larger flight deck to support F-35B Lightning II stealth fighter and MV-22B Osprey tiltrotor aircraft, said a Huntington Ingalls release.   
USA—No Change In Pans To Draw Down In Syria, Says JCS Chief  Cable News Network | 03/18/2019 The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff has denied a report that the U.S. plans to keep up to 1,000 troops in Syria, reports CNN.  On Sunday, the Wall Street Journal reported that the military was planning on keeping about 1,000 troops in eastern Syria, where they would continue to work with predominately Kurdish fighters, citing anonymous U.S. officials.  The decision was reportedly driven by failed talks to secure commitments from partners and allies to establish a safe zone between the mostly-Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and Turkish-backed rebels.  Marine Gen. Joseph Dunford called the report "factually incorrect," adding that no changes to previously-announced plans have been made to slowly draw down the approximately 2,000 American troops in Syria.  Some plans exceed 400 troops but no final decisions have been made. U.S. commitments may depend on those made by other partners, U.S. officials told the news channel.  Dunford confirmed that bilateral military planning was ongoing with the Turkish General Staff. Both militaries had agreed to an initial concept for a security arrangement along the Turkish-Syrian border, he said.    
USA—60 C-130H Transports Grounded To Replace Aging Propellers Military.Com | 03/18/2019 The U.S. Air Force grounded dozens of cargo aircraft to replace their aging propeller blades earlier this year, reports The service removed 60 C-130H Hercules from flight status after a review found that their propeller blades, which dated from before 1971, might be susceptible to cracking and should be replaced, reported the Air Force Times. The Air Force began replacing the propellers on Feb. 4. Fifty-five aircraft have now received new blades, with the balance to be completed within days, Lt. Gen. Timothy Fay, the Air Force deputy chief of staff for strategy, integration and requirements, told the House Armed Services Committee subcommittee on seapower and projection forces on March 14.  The majority of the aircraft were assigned to the Air National Guard, with several coming from active-duty and reserve units. The review was prompted by a deadly KC-130T helicopter crash that killed 15 Marines and a sailor in 2017. An investigation found that the propeller blade was corroded and had been improperly maintained in 2011. Analysts determined that blades that had historically been affected by corrosion were manufactured prior to 1971. A more advanced manufacturing process was implemented that year, which resulted in more robust propeller blades. The removed blades were disposed of, but were not inspected because there are no other pre-1971 blades in the Air Force's inventory, a service spokeswoman said.  
United Kingdom—Soldier Charged With Murder In Bloody Sunday Killings National Public Radio | 03/18/2019 A former British paratrooper has been charged with the killing of two unarmed protesters during the 1972 Bloody Sunday incident in Northern Ireland, reports NPR. The veteran, identified as "Soldier F" in court filings, has also been indicted for the attempted murders of four other protesters. Eighteen suspects, including 16 former soldiers and two alleged Official Irish Republican Army members, that were under investigation for similar crimes will not be charged due to insufficient evidence, said prosecutors. The British Ministry of Defense will help defend the accused, including providing funding for legal costs and welfare support, said Defense Secretary Gavin Williamson. On Jan. 30, 1972, British troops open fired on civil rights protesters in Londonderry in Northern Ireland, killing 13. The incident is commonly known as Bloody Sunday. The military conducted an investigation immediately following the killings and concluded that the soldiers were not at fault.  In 1998, then-Prime Minister Tony Blair opened a new investigation. The 12-year probe found that the lethal force used by paratroopers that day was "unjustified." The Police Service of Northern Ireland launched its own murder investigation in 2012. Investigators submitted their conclusions to the Public Prosecution Service in late 2016.  
Afghanistan—44 Troops Killed, 190 Captured In Taliban Offensive In Badghis New York Times | 03/18/2019 The Taliban has killed 44 Afghan troops and captured 190 more during a week-long offensive in the northwestern Badghis province, reports the New York Times.  On Saturday, a unit of the Afghan border forces surrendered after two days of fighting with the Taliban in the Murghab district, said Saleh Mohammad Mubarez, a district police commander.  Another unit of about 100 troops fled across the border to Turkmenistan but was forced to return and was captured, said Mubarez.  Afghan authorities said the retreat into Turkmenistan was part of a previously arranged plan.  A defense ministry spokesman said that the troops who surrendered were irregular militia. Local officials said they were regular border troops, who are part of the Afghan army.   Local officials warned that district was on the verge of falling to the Taliban.  The move capped a string of defeats for the Afghan armed forces. On March 11, a Taliban assault in Murghab killed 16 troops, while another 40 were taken hostage.  Another 44 troops were killed in the area over the week, as the Taliban overran 11 outposts across the province, reported the Tolo News (Afghanistan).   
Qatar—Air Force Receives 1st AH-64E Apache Attack Helo Defence-Blog | 03/18/2019 The Qatari air force has taken delivery of its first of 24 AH-64E Apache attack helicopters, reports Defence Blog. On Friday, the helicopter was formally handed over during a ceremony at Boeing's production facility in Mesa, Ariz. Qatar ordered 24 Apaches under a US$667 million contract in July 2016. The deal included an option for 24 additional attack helicopters, as well as associated equipment and training for 70 pilots and 100 ground crew members, noted Scramble magazine (Netherlands). The AH-64E Apache is equipped with advanced sensors, avionics and improved night operation capabilities. It can also control several unmanned aerial vehicles.  
Taiwan—Washington Greenlights F-16V Sale  Washington Free Beacon | 03/18/2019 The U.S. government has reportedly approved the sale of new fighter jets to Taiwan, reports the Washington Free Beacon. The potential US$13 billion deal covers up to 66 jets in the latest F-16V configuration. Washington is expected to make an official announcement in the near future after notifying Congress, said unnamed administration officials. The deal would be the first major aircraft sale to Taiwan since 1992 and part of President Trump's harder line toward China.  Taipei has sought to purchase new fighter jets since 2003 to upgrade its air capabilities and counter China's growing fleet. Previous administrations rejected Taiwan's requests for F-16 and F-15C/D fighters over concerns that the move would escalate tensions with China and could compromise advanced technology through Chinese espionage on the island. In September, Washington announced a US$330 million sale of F-16 spare parts to Taiwan. Beijing denounced the deal, arguing that the weapons transfer was a violation of U.S.-China agreements.  
Japan—With Eye On China, Tokyo Considers Long-Range Anti-Ship Cruise Missiles Kyodo News Agency | 03/18/2019 The Japanese government has decided to develop a long-range anti-ship missile in response to growing Chinese naval capabilities, reports the Kyodo news agency.  The new weapon is expected to be based on the ASM-3 supersonic cruise missile, which completed development in fiscal 2017, reported the Yomiuri Shimbun.  Plans call for increasing the range of the ASM-3 from less than 160 miles (200 km) to more than 320 miles (400 km), including modifications to increase the missile's fuel load.  In January, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said he did not consider long-range cruise missiles to be a violation of the constitution, which bans offensive weapons.  The ASM-3 has a reduced range due to political considerations that longer range could make it an offensive weapon. However, Chinese developments mean a longer range missile is now considered necessary, said senior defense ministry officials.  The ministry declined to purchased ASM-3s in its 2018 and 2019 budgets due to its limited range. Development of a long-range variant could be funded as soon as the fiscal 2020 budget.   
Burma—Military Announces Inquiry Into 2017 Abuses Of Rohingya Minority Reuters | 03/18/2019 The Burmese military says it has established a military tribunal to investigate allegations of atrocities and misconduct against members of the Rohingya community in a campaign in the western Rakhine state, reports Reuters.  A court composed of a major general and two colonels will investigate the events in Rakhine since August 2017, according to a statement published Monday on the website of Senior Gen. Min Aung Hlaing, the army chief. The tribunal is expected to probe allegations of the ethnic cleansing of Rohingya inhabitants, including mass killings, rape and arson.  Burmese authorities have denied accusations by human-rights groups and say they launched a military campaign after attacks by Rohingya separatists on border posts.  Last year, a U.N. mission recommended charging six senior generals with war crimes in connection with the campaign.  A previous military investigation in 2017 exonerated the security forces.  Human-rights groups called the move a "bad faith maneuver" and questioned the ability of the Burmese military to investigate itself fairly.   
Philippines—Government Withdraws From ICC Philippine Star | 03/18/2019 The Philippines has officially withdrawn from the International Criminal Court (ICC), reports the Philippine Star.  On Sunday, the Philippines became the second country to withdraw from the Hague-based court, one year after declaring its intention to do so.  Manila first announced it would leave the international body after the ICC's chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, opened an inquiry into alleged crimes against humanity committed in President Rodrigo Duterte's campaign against drug dealers.  The ICC has received 52 communications from the Philippines alleging that Duterte and other senior government officials promoted the killing of suspected drug dealers and users.  More than 5,100 people have been killed in the campaign, according to official statistics. As many as 20,000 may have been killed at the hands of police and vigilantes, say human-rights groups.  Bensouda says that her inquiry will continue regardless of the withdrawal. Duterte can still be held liable for offenses committed while the Philippines was a member of the ICC, said opposition lawmakers cited by the New York Times.  The Duterte administration has said it will block ICC personnel from gathering data and conducting interviews in the Philippines, reported the Rappler (Philippines).   
Mali—21 Soldiers Killed In Militant Raid In Mopti Region  Agence France-Presse | 03/18/2019 At least 21 soldiers have been killed in an assault on an army camp in central Mali, reports Agence France-Presse.  On Sunday, militants in cars and motorbikes attacked the Dioura camp in the Mopti region, said military sources.  The bodies of 21 soldiers were discovered after the attack. The base suffered significant damage in the attack, said witnesses. There were no reports of militant fatalities. Reinforcements have been sent to the base, said a military spokesman. The attackers were believed to have been led Ba Ag Moussa, a former army colonel who deserted, said the military. He is believed to be affiliated with Iyad Ag Ghaly, the leader of the Al-Qaida-affiliated Jama'at Nusrat al-Islam wal Muslimeen (JNIM), said analysts cited by Africa News.   
Nigeria—Navy Commissions New Maritime Training School In Lagos State | 03/18/2019 The Nigerian navy has established a new maritime training school in Lagos state, reports the news website (Nigeria). On March 14, the Maritime Domain Awareness Training School formally stood up in Apapa. The school was equipped by the U.S. Navy. The school will enhance regional maritime surveillance capabilities and cooperation among Gulf of Guinea countries, said Vice Adm. Ibok-Ette Ibas, the Nigerian naval chief, as cited by the Pulse (Nigeria). The opening ceremony coincided with the launch of the multinational Obangame Express maritime exercise, which is being hosted by the Nigerian navy in Lagos. Obangame Express is a joint initiative between U.S. Africa Command and U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa. The exercise is designed to strengthen maritime security cooperation among African forces and international partners. The drills are scheduled to conclude on March 22.  
Namibia—Troops Join Multinational Peacekeeping Exercise In India New Era | 03/18/2019 The Namibian Defence Force is sending a contingent to a multinational peacekeeping exercise in India, reports the New Era (Windhoek). The India-Africa Field Training Exercise, scheduled to begin on Monday in Prune in India's western Maharashtra state, is expected to run through March 27.  Participating countries include Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe, with observers from Congo, Madagascar and Rwanda. Namibia is sending 10 troops to the drills. The exercise is focused on humanitarian mine-assistance and peacekeeping operations based on U.N. guidelines. The goal is to improve cooperation among the participating countries in these areas, officials said.  
Ethiopia—Government Inks Reconciliation Accords With Ex-Rebel Groups Eritrean Ministry of Information | 03/18/2019 The Ethiopian government has reached peace agreements with two opposition parties following talks in Asmara, the Eritrean capital, reports the Eritrean Ministry of Information. On March 14, Ethiopian Defense Minister Aisha Mohammed signed separate reconciliation agreements with the Gambella People's Liberation Movement and the Afar Liberation Front in Asmara.  The agreements provide a framework for both movements to pursue their political objectives through peaceful means within Ethiopia, said Eritrean Information Minister Yemane Meskel. The ALF also agreed to establish a joint committee that will oversee the implementation of the agreement. Eritrea has previously hosted talks between the Ethiopian government and ex-rebels from the Oromia, Somali, Amhara and Tigray regions, following a 2018 peace agreement, noted Africa News. During the long conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea, Asmara provided sanctuary for a number of rebel groups opposed to the government in Addis Ababa.                                                                    
USA—Keel Laid For Bougainville Amphib Naval Sea Systems Command | 03/18/2019 The U.S. Navy's newest America-class amphibious assault ship has reached a major construction milestone, reports the U.S. Naval Sea Systems Command. On March 14, Huntington Ingalls Industries laid the keel for the Bougainville (LHA-8) during a ceremony at its shipyard in Pascagoula, Miss., said a NAVSEA release. The milestone marks the joining together of a ship's components, the release said. Fabrication work began in October 2018. The Bougainville is the third ship in the America class and the first in the Flight I configuration, which adds a well deck and has a larger flight deck to support F-35B Lightning II stealth fighter and MV-22B Osprey tiltrotor aircraft, said a Huntington Ingalls release.   
Spain—Military Seeks Additional Amphibious Assault Vehicles From U.S. U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency | 03/18/2019 The U.S. State Dept. has approved a possible sale of amphibious assault vehicles to Spain, reports the U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency.  The proposed US$107 million covers eight assault amphibious vehicles in the personnel configuration (AAVP7A1), two in the command configuration (AAVC7A1) and one in the recovery configuration (AAVR7A1).  The potential procurement also includes enhanced armor applique kits (EAAK), spare parts and other associated materiel.  Spanish forces already operate 19 amphibious assault vehicles, noted the release. The additional vehicles would increase flexibility and sustain Madrid's expeditionary capabilities.  BAE Systems would serve as the prime contractor.    

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