Saturday, February 2, 2019

TheList 4917

The List 4917     TGB
To All,
I hope that your week has been going well
This day in Naval History
Jan. 31
1944—The Marshall Island Invasion begins with U.S. Marine and Army troops landing at Kwajalein and Majuro atolls and then on Roi and Namur the following day. Vice Adm. Raymond A. Spruance, Task Force 50, commands the overall operation, while the landing force is under the command of Marine Maj. Gen. Holland M. Smith.
1945—USS Boarfish (SS 327) attacks Japanese HI 88 convoy and sinks freighter Enki Maru 50 miles southeast of Tourance, French Indochina. She also damages a cargo ship that runs aground and 14th Air Force aircraft destroys it the next day.
1961—Lt. Cmdr. Samuel Lee Gravely, Jr. becomes first African-American to command a combat ship, USS Falgout (DER 324). By 1976, he attains the rank of vice admiral.
1968—The main phase of the Tet Offensive begins as Communist Vietnamese troops attack military and civilian command and control centers throughout South Vietnam, attempting to incite an uprising in the general populace that will topple the Saigon government.
1981—The era of Enlisted Naval Aviators comes to a close when the last enlisted pilot, Master Chief Robert K. Jones, retires after 38 years of naval service.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
National news coverage continues to focus on the polar vortex and below zero-degree temperatures in the Midwest along with President Trump's disagreement with the recent Congressional testimony of the intelligence agencies chiefs. reports that ADM Bill Moran recently reiterated how the Navy SEAL community is shifting focus from combating insurgencies to countering near peers such as China and Russia. reports that the fast attack submarine USS South Dakota will be commissioned on Saturday, February 2 in Connecticut.
This day in history
2016 January 31
Guy Fawkes is hanged, drawn and quartered for his part in the Gunpowder Plot, an attempt to blow up Parliament.
Virginia colony leaders write to the Virginia Company in England, asking for more orphaned apprentices for employment.
The Young Pretender, Charles Edward Stuart dies.
A man with two pistols misfires at President Andrew Jackson at the White House.
House of Representatives approves a constitutional amendment abolishing slavery.
The German Reichstag exempts royal families from tax obligations.
Germans use poison gas on the Russians at Bolimov.
German U-boats sink two British steamers in the English Channel.
President Woodrow Wilson refuses the compromise on Lusitania reparations.
Germany resumes unlimited sub warfare, warning that all neutral ships that are in the war zone will be attacked.
The Soviet premier tells Japan to get out of Manchuria.
The Battle of Stalingrad ends as small groups of German soldiers of the Sixth Army surrender to the victorious Red Army forces.
U.S. troops under Vice Adm. Spruance land on Kwajalien atoll in the Marshall Islands.
Paris protests the Soviet recognition of Ho Chi Minh's Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
U.S. planes resume bombing of North Vietnam after a 37-day pause.
In Vietnam, the Tet Offensive begins as Viet Cong and North Vietnamese soldiers attack strategic and civilian locations throughout South Vietnam.
Ernesto Miranda, famous from the Supreme Court ruling on Miranda vs. Arizona is stabbed to death.
Judge Andrew Napolitano: An American nightmare
Last Friday, on a quiet residential street at 6 in the morning, the neighborhood exploded in light, noise and terror. Seventeen SUVs and two armored vehicles arrived in front of one house. Each vehicle had sirens blaring and lights flashing. The house, which abutted a canal, was soon surrounded by 29 government agents, each wearing military garb, each carrying a handgun and most carrying high-powered automatic rifles.
In the canal were two amphibious watercrafts, out of which more heavily armed government agents came. Circling above all this was a helicopter equipped with long-range precision weaponry and high-powered spotlights.
Four agents approached the front door to the house. Two held a battering ram, and two pointed their rifles at the door. One of the agents shouted and banged on the front door until the terrified owner of the house emerged, barefoot and wearing shorts and a T-shirt. He was greeted in the dark at his open front door by two rifle barrels aimed at his head.
This was not a movie set; it was not a foreign city in a war zone; it was not the arrest of the Venezuelan opposition leader in Caracas. It was middle America, Fort Lauderdale, Florida. The agents worked for the FBI, and the target of this operation was not a drug kingpin or a terrorist operative or a kidnapper of babies. It was a peaceful American in his own home -- a political operative and longtime friend of President Donald Trump's, named Roger Stone.
Why were there more FBI agents sent to arrest Stone than Navy SEALs sent to kill Osama bin Laden? Why jackboots in the morning in America? Here is the back story.
Stone has been both a paid formal adviser and an unpaid informal adviser to Trump for 40 years. He was fired from Trump's presidential campaign during the summer of 2015, but he continued to work on his own to help Trump defeat Hillary Clinton in the 2016 presidential election. Some of that help -- according to the government -- involved the release of embarrassing Clinton emails that had probably been hacked by Russian agents.
Last Thursday, one of special counsel Robert Mueller's grand juries indicted Stone on five counts of lying to Congress, one count of witness intimidation and one count of obstruction of justice. His Gestapo-like arrest followed his indictment by just a few hours.
Stone was represented by counsel throughout the time of his testimony before Congress last year. He was the recipient of grand jury subpoenas for his text messages, his emails and other records -- all of which, through his counsel, he surrendered. He claims that when asked by members of the House Intelligence Committee about certain aspects of these, he innocently forgot about them. Who could remember each of 1 million texts and emails?
In the real world -- where the influence of politics into law enforcement is kept to a harmless minimum -- defense counsel is generally known to prosecutors throughout their investigation of a target. According to Stone, federal prosecutors have known for a year who his lawyers are. Also in the real world, when a defendant has been indicted for a nonviolent crime, has no criminal record and is not a flight risk or an imminent danger to society, prosecutors inform defense counsel of the indictment, send the defense counsel a copy of it and request the peaceful and dignified surrender of the indicted person.
In the current, unreal world -- where politics deeply infuse law enforcement -- prosecutors use brute force to send a message of terror to innocent defendants. Like all defendants at the time of arrest, Stone is innocent until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
What message does brute force send? It is a message of terror, and it has no place in American life. As if to add embarrassment to terror, the feds may have tipped off CNN, which carried all this live in real time.
When I interviewed Stone on Fox Nation, after a judge released him without requiring any bail, he told me that he will not cave to this terror but he is willing to speak with the prosecutors. Stone wavered a bit when I pressed him on the nature and extent of any communication between his lawyers and Mueller's team and on the nature of any cooperation by him personally with Mueller. As a practical matter, his lawyers must communicate with Mueller's team to address the logistics of pretrial events, as well as their discovery of the evidence in the government's possession.
One item in the government's possession that is very problematic constitutionally is the transcript of the testimony Stone gave to the House Intelligence Committee, wherein the indictment accuses Stone of lying. Because that testimony is classified, Stone is not permitted to see it, and his lawyers -- who may view it only in a secret facility -- may not copy it.
How can they defend against these charges? How can it be that the government has a piece of paper that allegedly is proof of the crime charged and the defendant's lawyers may not copy it? Didn't the government waive the classified nature of this document by Stone's very presence at the hearing where the document was created? What remains of the constitutional guarantee of confronting one's accusers and challenging their evidence?
If Stone goes to trial, the soonest it could be held is early 2020 -- in the midst of the Iowa caucuses and the New Hampshire primary and 2 1/2 years after Mueller's appointment.
No innocent American merits the governmental treatment Stone received. It was the behavior of a police state where the laws are written to help the government achieve its ends, not to guarantee the freedom of the people -- and where police break the laws they are sworn to enforce. Regrettably, what happened to Roger Stone could happen to anyone.
Thanks to Carl…This describes the breathing in martial arts.
Top Breathing Techniques for Better Health
Hanks to Carl
Getting Your Ass Tased 
This is apparently what happens when a guy is tased, and the taser hits a loaded magazine in his back pocket.    Next time maybe he'll follow police orders --  or not!
Always nice to see a story with a happy ending, no Police Officers injured and Bad Guy who pulled the gun learned
a valuable lesson, don't start a gunfight you have no chance of winning.
This could have been so simple and no one injured.... just do as you are told if you disagree go to court, live a long
and happy life  
Skip, a bit of background ref. 1944
One of my Oregon-Washington elk hunting partners (part of Marion Carl's Pax River alumni) was a VP-13 patrol plane commander, John Wheatley.  One of the most capable people I ever knew, and as plain-spoken as they come.  He held the PB2Y record for air-air kills: caught two Bettys and splashed both.  He would burn extra fuel to be down to best fighting weight at the dogleg turn of the 700-mile search sector.  Once or twice had to be towed back to the squadron berth, at Guam I think.
Marion said John was so aggressive that he would not have survived in VF.  Probably right!
Thanks to Micro
A "Guest Commentary" printed in our local newspaper (which is usually unreliably biased).  It makes a good point:
Putting things into perspective
The easiest way to understand the dynamics behind the government shutdown (which has only been 'temporarily' suspended) is to put things into perspective. The point of contention has always been President Trump's request for $5.7 billion for 65 miles of border wall out of an annual budget of $4,407 trillion.
These are jaw-dropping figures for the ordinary, hard-working person to grasp. They become less daunting when the billions and trillions are reduced to basic dollar figures the every-day citizen can relate to. Now the amounts equate to $57 of an annual budget of $44,070 ... more in tune with figures we can deal with.
Most of us spend more than that amount each and every month on just our cell phones. Is the protection of this country and its citizens not worth that minimal one-time payment? However, even that $57 figure is misrepresented. The Homeland Security's FY 2019 Budget in Brief (Funding Priorities) breaks down the dollar amounts to be spent on a mixture of resources including technology, capabilities, physical infrastructure and people/training to be used in securing our southern border.
Only $1.6 billion is allotted for 65 miles of border wall construction itself. That now revises the $57 down to $16 out of a yearly budget of $44,070 ... probably less than taking your family to McDonald's once in a year's time. This is the amount the Democrats are holding this country hostage to .... $16 of a $44,070 budget.
Of course, there are those who insist the wall alone will not work. The DHS report clearly notes that 'No single system can ensure security'; thus only $1.6 billion is allocated to a physical structure while funds for a mixture of other resources are factored in separately.
For the amount of taxes the citizens pay into the government each year, shouldn't we expect the government to cover all bases in the case of possible lapses or breaches in any of the various security measures being implemented? Isn't it better to be safe than sorry? A one time $16 investment out of a yearly $44,070 budget seems rather prudent to ensure security along our borders and stability for federal employees.
The citizens of this country are not asking Congress to spend a frivolous amount on taking us to McDonald's this year; merely asking that they use that minimal amount to provide for the security and protection of our families and our homeland and return the government work force to its full potential.
The use of merely technology and personnel will not secure the 65 miles of openly porous area on the southern border in the Rio Grande Valley Sector. It will take technology, manpower and a physical deterrent.
Thanks to Carl
AFI's 100 Years, 100 Movie Quotes - YouTube
This set of 100 quick movie clips in 10 minutes is pretty cool. Some of the " best and most memorable lines ever." Once you start, you just can't stop watching. 
Yesterday was the 51st anniversary of the Tet Offensive
This is a quick summary.   For more go to and type in    Tet
1968 - Tet Offensive
By Jennifer Rosenberg, Guide
Tet Offensive (1968): U.S. troops had been in Vietnam for three years before the Tet Offensive, and most of the fighting they had encountered were small skirmishes involving guerilla tactics. Although the U.S. had more aircraft, better weapons, and hundreds of thousands of trained soldiers, they were stuck in a stalemate against the Communist forces in North Vietnam and the guerilla forces in South Vietnam (known as the Viet Cong). The United States was discovering that traditional warfare tactics did not necessarily work well in the jungle against the guerilla warfare tactics they were facing.
In early 1968, General Vo Nguyen Giap, the man in charge of North Vietnam's army, believed it was time for the North Vietnamese to make a major surprise attack on South Vietnam. After coordinating with the Viet Cong and moving troops and supplies into position, the Communists made a diversionary attack against the American base at Khe Sanh on January 21, 1968.
On January 30, 1968, the real Tet Offensive began. Early in the morning, North Vietnamese troops and Viet Cong forces attacked both towns and cities in South Vietnam, breaking the ceasefire that had been called for the Vietnamese holiday of Tet (the lunar new year).
The Communists attacked around 100 major cities and towns in South Vietnam.
The size and ferocity of the attack surprised both the Americans and the South Vietnamese, but they fought back. The Communists, who had hoped for an uprising from the populous in support of their actions, met heavy resistance instead.
In some towns and cities, the Communists were repelled quickly, within hours. In others, it took weeks of fighting. In Saigon, the Communists succeeded in occupying the U.S. embassy, once thought impregnable, for eight hours before they were overtaken by U.S. soldiers. It took about two weeks for U.S. troops and South Vietnamese forces to regain control of Saigon; it took them nearly a month to retake the city of Hue.
In military terms, the United States was the victor of the Tet Offensive for the Communists did not succeed in maintaining control over any part of South Vietnam. The Communist forces also suffered very heavy losses (an estimated 45,000 killed). However, the Tet Offensive showed another side of the war to Americans, one which they did not like. The coordination, strength, and surprise instigated by the Communists led the U.S. to realize that their foe was much stronger than they had expected.
Faced with an unhappy American public and depressing news from his military leaders, President Lyndon B. Johnson decided to end the escalation of U.S.
involvement in Vietnam.
See full article: Vietnam War
A bit of news from around the world
USA—Thousands Of Additional Troops To Be Sent To Mexican Border, Shanahan Says  Breaking Defense | 01/31/2019 Acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan says that "several thousand" additional active-duty troops are likely to be sent to the border with Mexico, reports Breaking Defense. The mission has been extended to September and there will be an increase of a few thousand troops, Shanahan said during a press conference on Tuesday. More clarity on the numbers will be provided when it becomes available, he said. The move is in response to a request from the Dept. of Homeland Security related to placing concertina wire, said Shanahan. There are currently 2,300 active troops at the border, down from 5,900 at the end of 2018, Undersecretary of Defense for Policy John Rood told the House Armed Services Committee on Tuesday, as reported by the Voice of America News. The secretary declined to comment on recent reports that Washington was planning to send troops to Colombia in response to the Venezuelan refugee crisis.  Rumors surfaced on Monday after National Security Adviser John Bolton displayed a notepad with text reading "Afghanistan - Welcome the Talks" and "5,000 troops to Colombia."
Saudi Arabia—Riyadh Agrees To Release 7 Houthis Following Safe Return of Ill Soldier  Al Jazeera | 01/31/2019 The Saudi-led coalition in Yemen has agreed to release seven Houthi rebels after a Saudi soldier was freed, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar). On Tuesday, Saudi prisoner Mousa Awaji arrived in Riyadh. He was freed due to an unspecified illness, according to a Houthi official quoted by al-Masirah, a Houthi TV channel. The official said the release was part of an initiative by Houthi leader Abdul-Malik al-Houthi. A spokesman for the coalition said the exchange was in part the result of poor medical treatment. The United Nations special envoy to Yemen, Martin Griffiths, helped coordinate the release. He is also pressing the adversaries to agree to a full prisoner swap.  
Afghanistan—Government Control Slips, Says Latest SIGAR Report  Special Inspector General for Afghan Reconstruction | 01/31/2019 The percentage of Afghan territory under government control has fallen for another quarter, according to a new report by the Special Inspector General for Afghan Reconstruction (SIGAR). Between July and October, Kabul lost control of seven districts, a 2 percent decline, according to the report that was released on Thursday. The number of districts under government control fell to 53.8 percent or 219 districts. Only 63.5 percent of the population lives in areas under government authority, down from 65.2 percent in the previous quarter, reported Agence France-Presse.  Although the Taliban increased its control by one district, most of the government losses were attributed to a rise in the number of contested districts.  An estimated 138 of Afghanistan's 407 districts are now contested, says the report.  About 849 Afghan military personnel have been killed each month since September 2014, according to the report. This has led to attrition in the security forces, which stood at about 308,000 personnel in the period covered, about 87.7 percent of its authorized personnel strength. This is the lowest level since Afghan forces took full responsibility for security in January 2015.  The report also highlights shortages in training pilots, crews and maintainers for UH-60 and MD 530 helicopters.  Based on the current delivery schedule, it is unlikely that the force will have enough trained pilots when the 159 UH-60s are delivered by 2023.  The SIGAR report also faulted the Pentagon for the lack of maintenance training for the helicopter.  The document noted a significant increase in U.S. airstrikes, with 6,823 munitions dropped over the first 11 months of 2018.  
European Union—New Network Designed To Bypass U.S. Sanctions On Iran  Deutsche Welle | 01/31/2019 France, Germany and the U.K. have registered a special channel that will allow them to do business with Iran despite U.S. sanctions, reports Deutsche Welle.  The three countries will establish a "Special Purpose Vehicle" for European firms to do business with Iran, the German Foreign Ministry said on Thursday.  The Instrument in Support of Trade Exchanges, or INSTEX, will be based in Paris and overseen by a German banker. The U.K. will head the supervisory board.  The system will initially be used for non-sanctionable trade, including food, medicine and medical devices, with the potential to expand in the future, reported Al Jazeera (Qatar).  Further details are expected to be revealed on Thursday during a meeting of European Union defense and foreign minister in Bucharest.  Entities that do business with Iran will face the effects of sanctions regardless of the networks used to evade them, the U.S. Embassy in Berlin said in a statement.  The move is part of efforts to salvage the Iran nuclear deal after President Donald Trump announced that the U.S. was withdrawing in May 2018.  Iranian officials have expressed interest in maintaining the agreement with Europe if those countries can maintain business ties and sanction relief brought about by the 2015 deal.  It may be difficult to maintain Iran's commitment to the agreement if trade is limited solely to humanitarian goods, said analysts.   
Mali—2 Soldiers Killed In Sophisticated Militant Attack On Tarkint Base  Defense Post | 01/31/2019 Two Malian troops have been killed and 10 injured in a complex attack on a base in northeastern Mali, reports the Defense Post. The attack on Tuesday included the use of a car bomb against a military base in Tarkint in the Gao region, said the Malian Ministry of Defense. The incident is the latest in a series of attacks against security forces this month. On Jan. 25, two U.N. peacekeepers from Sri Lanka were killed and six injured in a roadside bombing near Douentza in the central Mopti region, said the U.N. mission in Mali (MINUSMA). Ten Chadian peacekeepers were killed and 25 injured in a similar attack on a U.N. camp in the northern city of Aguelhok five days earlier. The Support Group for Islam and Muslims (JNIM), a Mali-based terrorist organization affiliated with Al-Qaida, claimed responsibility for both attacks. On Monday, a military vehicle struck a roadside bomb in Toye in the central Segou region, killing one soldier and injuring two, reported Studio Tamani (Mali). The number of improvised explosive device attacks in Mali have increased steadily since January 2018, according to the latest U.N. quarterly report on Mali. Attacks reached 192 last year, up from 124 during the same period in 2017, the report said. More than half of the attacks targeted Malian security forces, particularly in the central Mopti region and Timbuktu and Gao in the north, reported Agence France-Presse.

Belarus—Initial Batch Of Su-30SM Fighters Due From Russia This Year  Belarus Telegraph Agency | 01/31/2019 The Belarusian air force expects to take delivery of its first four of 12 Russian-built fighter jets later this year, reports the Belarusian Telegraph Agency. Four Su-30SM multirole fighters will be delivered to Belarus in 2019, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said on Wednesday during a visit to the Irkutsk Aircraft Plant, reported Interfax-AVN (Russia). Deliveries of Su-30SM jets to Kazakhstan are also ongoing, with two squadrons already commissioned. The Belarusian aircraft will be equipped with a phased-array radar, forward canards, steerable thrusters for super-maneuverability and wide-angle head-up displays (HUD), according to the Belarusian Defense Ministry, as cited by Defence Blog. The delivery, which was originally scheduled for 2018, was delayed due to the international sanctions on Russian equipment and electronics for the aircraft, said Belarusian Defense Minister Andrei Ravkov.
   USA—Polar Star Experiences Series Of Technical Failures During Annual Antarctic Mission  Komo News | 01/31/2019 The U.S. Coast Guard's sole operational heavy icebreaker has suffered multiple breakdowns this month, raising concerns about its operational life, reports the KOMO AM radio news (Seattle). The Polar Star, which has been in service for 42 years, arrived at McMurdo Station in Antarctica earlier this month to take part in Operation Deep Freeze, a yearly replenishment mission. During the deployment, the icebreaker suffered multiple technical problems, including the failure of the electrical system, which damaged wiring in an electrical switchboard; a leak in the propeller shaft; two ship-wide power outages; and the failure of one of the ship's two evaporators, which make potable water, said a Coast Guard statement. Shutting down the icebreaker's powerplant and rebooting the electrical system to fix power issues took nine hours, reported the Business Insider. The Polar Star is the only ship in the U.S. fleet that can break through the ice to reach the research station, the service said. If the Polar Star were to suffer a catastrophic failure, such as getting stuck in the ice, the Coast Guard would be left without a self-rescue capability, the service said. The icebreaker suffered similar technical issues, including a gas turbine failure and a shaft seal failure in 2018. The Coast Guard is seeking funding to increase its icebreaker fleet with six new Polar Security Cutters in order to ensure continued national presence and access to the polar regions.
 USA—Javelin Joint Venture Wins Deal To Launch Production Of Latest Anti-Tank Missiles  Lockheed Martin | 01/31/2019 The Javelin Joint Venture, a joint company of Lockheed Martin and Raytheon, has received a contract to begin production of the latest model of the Javelin anti-tank missile, reports Lockheed. The production contract covers 2,100 FGM-148F Javelin missiles, which will replace the FGM-148E Block I model. The value of award was not disclosed. The deal was awarded after the completion of a system qualification test program that included 21 successful flight tests, said a Lockheed release on Wednesday. The F-model features an advanced multipurpose warhead (MPWH) with the latest shaped-charged technology to defeat current and future armored threats. A fragmenting steel warhead case enhances lethality against soft targets and light armored vehicles, the company said. Deliveries are scheduled for early 2020. Work is also underway to improve the lightweight command launch unit and FGM-148G missile, which will significantly enhance performance while reducing weight and cost, the company said.

Saudi Arabia—Houthi UAV Shot Down Over Abha  The National | 01/31/2019 Authorities say they have downed an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) in southwestern Saudi Arabia, reports the National (Abu Dhabi).  Radar tracked the UAV over the city of Abha and it was subsequently shot down, a coalition spokesman said on Wednesday.  Analysis determined that the drone was of Iranian manufacture and operated by Houthi rebels, the spokeswoman said.  Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, the leading countries in the coalition, have long accused Iran of supplying weapons and other equipment to the Houthis. Tehran denies the accusations. Earlier this month, a senior Yemeni intelligence official was killed by a Houthi drone during a military parade.  The latest incident comes as a fragile peace in the city of Hodeidah seems poised to collapse.  The coalition has accused the Houthis of a series of violations, including attacks on crucial food supplies.  Emirati Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Anwar Gargash said on Wednesday that coalition jets had attacked 10 Houthi training camps near Hodeidah.  In a statement cited by Reuters, Gargash said the coalition was ready to use "more calibrated force" to push the rebels into compliance with the cease-fire agreement.  
Germany—3 Arrested On Suspicion Of Plotting Terror Attack  Deutsche Welle | 01/31/2019 German authorities have arrested three Iraqi refugees on suspicion of plotting a terrorist attack, reports Deutsche Welle.  Security personnel arrested the men early Wednesday in the northern Schleswig-Holstein state.  Two suspects, both 23 years old, decided to carry out a terrorist attack in December, authorities said.  One had downloaded instructions on bombmaking from the internet and tried to obtain a detonator from the U.K., said investigators British authorities succeeded in halting the shipment.  The suspects collected explosive material from fireworks and had conducted tests, reported the Local (Germany).  The plans were in the early stages and it did not appear that the cell had identified a target, said the federal prosecutor's office.  The two men also tried to buy a gun through the third suspect. The duo allegedly found the gun too expensive and decided to focus on an attack using a vehicle instead. 
 Chile—Judge Sentences 6 For Role In Death Of Former President   Mercopress | 01/31/2019 A Chilean judge has sentenced six people in connection with the 1982 assassination of former President Eduardo Frei Montalva, reports MercoPress (Uruguay).  On Wednesday, a judge sentenced the men to three to 10 years in prison for their role in poisoining Frei Montalva while he was hospitalized at a private clinic in Santiago.  The suspects included doctors, Frei Montalva's chauffeur, an army officer and a former intelligence agent, reported Reuters.  In 2009, charges were brought against the men but were ultimately dismissed. The judge ordered Montalva's remains exhumed in 2016 to run forensic tests for a second trial.  The results confirmed that Frei Montalva was poisoned and strengthened the case against the suspects.  At the time of his death, the former president had become a moderate opposition figure to dictator Augusto Pinochet. 

No comments:

Post a Comment

Featured Post

THE MYSTERIOUS PHONE CALL Jack Blanchard's Column February 13, 2021

        Thousands of readers around the world ...