Thursday, January 24, 2019

TheList 4911

The List 4911 TGB

To All,
I hope that your week has been going  well.
This Day In Naval History
Jan. 24
§  1942—During the Battle of Makassar Strait (Balikpapan), destroyers John D. Ford, Parrott, Pope, and Paul Jones attack the anchored Japanese invasion force in the harbor of Balikpapan, Borneo, sinking four of 12 transport ships.
§  1945—Submarine Blackfin (SS 322) sinks the Japanese destroyer Shigure in the Gulf of Siam.
§  1956—USS Jallao (SS 368) becomes the first U.S. Navy submarine to transit the Suez Canal traveling from the Mediterranean to Massawa, Eritrea, Ethiopia.
§  1991—Desert Shield/Desert Storm SEAL platoons from USS Leftwich (DD 984) and USS Nicholas (FFG 47) recaptures the island, Jazirat Qurah, the first Kuwaiti territory from Iraqis. 
Thanks to CHINFO
In national news headlines, media report President Trump said he would look for alternative venues for his State of the Union address on Tuesday, and that a gunman who barricaded himself in a SunTrust Bank in Florida killed at least five people in the branch on Wednesday. Navy headlines today focus on capability and readiness advancements in the fleets. CNN reports that the US Navy sailed two ships through the Taiwan Strait on Thursday, according to the US Pacific Fleet, which oversees operations in the area. Additionally, local news out of Florida is reporting Navy recruiters have 13 schools lined up to visit with virtual-reality technology, to entice younger recruits. Lastly, the Navy will commission its newest destroyer, USS Michael Monsoor, Saturday, Jan. 26 during a 10 a.m. (PST) ceremony at Naval Air Station North Island, San Diego, California, where the ship will be homeported.
·         January 24

Shortly after declaring himself a god, Caligula is assassinated by two Praetorian tribunes.

Matthias Corvinus, the son of John Hunyadi, is elected king of Hungary.

Representatives from three Connecticut towns band together to write the Fundamental Orders, the first constitution in the New World.

Czar Peter the Great caps his reforms in Russia with the "Table of Rank" which decrees a commoner can climb on merit to the highest positions.

Gold is discovered by James Wilson Marshall at his partner Johann August Sutter's sawmill on the South Fork of the American River, near Coloma, California.

U.S. Secretary of State John Hay and British Ambassador Herbert create a joint commission to establish the Alaskan border.

U.S. Cavalry is sent to preserve the neutrality of the Rio Grande during the Mexican Civil War.

The German cruiser Blücher is sunk by a British squadron in the Battle of Dogger Bank.

British expeditionary force of 12,000 is sent to China to protect concessions at Shanghai.

The League of Nations rebukes Poland for the mistreatment of a German minority in Upper Silesia.

A German attempt to relieve the besieged city of Budapest is finally halted by the Soviets.

The UN establishes the International Atomic Energy Commission.

Indian leader Nehru demands that the UN name Peking as an aggressor in Korea.

Winston Churchill dies from a cerebral thrombosis at the age of 90.

In a rebuff to the Soviets, the U.S. announces intentions to sell arms to China.

A draft of Air Force history reports that the U.S. secretly sprayed herbicides on Laos during the Vietnam War.
An interesting bit from Hal and Dutch R.
This day in history....Capture of USS Pueblo and the sinking of the USS Scorpion
thanks to Hal 
Fifty years ago, today, the Navy's intelligence gathering ship USS Pueblo was captured sixteen miles off the coast of North Korea.  Twelve miles is the recognized limit of International Waters.  The why is interesting...
A former sailor, John Walker was selling top secret information to the Russians. He did this over a period of years. The Russians were intercepting coded messages but could not decode them.  What they needed was the KW-7 encryption machine found on most US naval vessels.  The Russians ordered the North Koreans to seize the USS Pueblo and get the encryption machine, and they did.  With that, the Russians could not only decode stored messages, but would be able to decode real-time messages sent to ships at sea. They harvested 800 pounds of secrets from the Pueblo.
Our submarine, USS Scorpion, was preparing to depart the Mediterranean Sea to return to home port in Norfolk. She stopped at Rota, Spain, to offload two sailors and then headed home. Russian submarines usually tried to follow our subs, as we did theirs, but they were usually unsuccessful.  However, our former SecNav John Lehman said with what Walker had given them, they would know where our subs were around the world. We can't be sure about that.
Scorpion then received orders to head for the Azores and observe a Russian naval exercise going on in the area.  Arriving several days later, she was detected and sunk by the Russians. In their mind, this was revenge for what they believed our sinking of their sub, K-129 by USS Swordfish. But I have a friend who was an officer on the Swordfish and he said they were not even in the same ocean at that time.
Days passed without Scorpion reporting in by microburst transmission and it was feared that she was lost.  SOSUS hydrophones had in fact recorded the sounds of a submarine sinking.  Gordon Hamilton, an acoustics scientist had a recording station in the Canary Islands and he recorded the sounds of a sub sinking, as well.
These recordings were given to Dr. John Craven at the Naval Research Laboratory and he concluded that a depth charge had sunk our sub.  Some years later I was assigned to NRL's Office of Science and Technology and I had an opportunity to talk to Dr. Craven about this. He was certain our submarine had been sunk by the Russians.
After Scorpion failed to report in, the Chief of Naval Operations send ships to search for her. The USNS Mizar and USS Compass Island found her.....because the Russians told us where to look. 
John Walker, his brother Arthur and son Michael would pass information to the Russians for eighteen years. Their KGB handler was General Oleg Kalugin.  John's wife Barbara would expose her husband to the FBI.  John and Arthur were sentenced to multiple life sentences and both died in prison.  
Years later, General Kalugin would get crossways with Russian Premier Gorbachev and came to America.  He had lived and worked for years here as a journalist.  He was given a teaching appointment at the Catholic University. These days he is a curator at the International Spy Museum in Washington, DC and a member of the Association of Former Intelligence Officers.  He is sought after as a speaker.  I heard him long ago when he spoke at the Fort Myer Officers Club.  All is forgiven, you see.  
Thanks to Richard and Dutch….Another way to help pay for that pension fund
California's new traffic rules & Fines as of Jan 1, 2019:
Happy New Year California Drivers
😭  $$$ per offense. Unbelievable 😡
Special reminder: California's new traffic fine rules were released on Jan 1, 2019:

Forgot to carry your driver's license for 
Forgot to change the address (more than ten days) $214 
Uninsured car in accident for $796 'and' driver's license revoked for 4 years. 
Didn't stop at red light or turning right at No Turn on Red $533. 
Crossing double yellow line for $425. 
Violation of the turn or U-turn $284. 
Speeding 1-15 miles $224, 16-25 miles $338, usually the police determined that speeding is over 5 miles. On rainy day it is not allowed to exceed 65 miles. 
Did not stop at Stop Sign $284. 
Passing a school bus when there lights are flashing $675. 
Talking on cell phone first time $76, 2nd time $190, same penalty even if you are just holding the cell phone in your hand! 
Stop at a bus stop $976. 
Not wearing a seat belt $160. 
Driving with high beam lights on (from 30 points) for $382. 
Child not wearing a seat belt or not in a child seat $436. 
Covering car door $178. 
Driving with headphones on $178. 
Modified Exhaust $1000 each stop.

All the above violations allow you to go to traffic school for 8 hours. If you get a second ticket within 18 months, sorry, you are not a Good Driver and this will drive up your insurance rate.

Safe driving everyone!
Thanks to Mud
The Third Man
    If you'd like to see a fantastic four star mystery that takes place in bombed out Vienna in 1946, record and watch The Third Man which airs on TCM at 3:00 AM CST on Saturday 2Feb19.  Alida Valli was one of the most beautiful women in movies.  The background theme music is unique and most unusual.
    I'm sure all in my generation have seen it at one time or another, but the film is so good it's worth seeing again.
- Mud
Thanks to Kit
As the years progress, I have been more and more troubled by simple things, memory seems to work, and I can remember to pull the zipper down on occasion, but it has been more difficult to pare my toenails.  Today, I found a remedy for that…
Very near my home is a short strip mall with a few shops offering kids clothes, a marble stone ice cream shop and others, but the main one today was a Nail salon….not the hammer type nail, the toe type…they advertised "Pedicure, Leg Massage," and other fun things, so I opted for a Pedicure. 
Let me tell ya lads, it's a lot more fun than trying to bend over and saw away at those tough lower digit nails!  The little Vietnamese darling that Pedicured me made me a believer.  I can honestly say that my feet, toes and lower limbs are cleaner, tidier and a lot more relaxed after the 45 minute treatment.  Not sure what all she did, I did really need a toe nail trim, but this treatment went way past trim…I got a dandy sanding of all the calluses anywhere on each foot, deep cleansing of the feet in water almost too hot, it felt WONDERFUL!  Yeah, it was a tad pricey, $50 for the whole thing, but it was worth it…There may be a cheaper Pedicure around, but this one today was MARVELOUS.  If you are still trying to saw away at those tough toe thingies, give a thought to a Pedicure, I think you will agree that is makes a real difference.=
Thanks to Hank……..I have a few landings at Naha in that kind of weather
Best Choreography on Landing - A Night Op off Okinawa on USS Kitty Hawk 1961, first WESTPAC with Hap Chandler's F4's and Bob Moore's VF 111 Crusaders. I was the F8 division leader w/ Chuck VanOrden, Phil Mickelson and Tony Longo.
Sea state about 5, Skank Remson broke a main mount on his F4, dark night arrest requiring Cherry Picker to clear the deck.
With signal Bingo Kadina, we F8 jocks contacted approach control to learn all runways closed with a B-47 burning on runways hub.
Next alternate was Marine Naha claiming 1/16th mile visibility in driving rain with 35 kts and crosswind gusting 90 degrees off duty runway (a cliff on left). I was low state a/c and instructed flight to prepare for Morest landing, if so, I'd advise once I got on deck.
Record follows - Bob Jurgens, WX conditions about as predicted, after touch down on end of runway, my F8 weather-vaned 90 degrees to runway heading just past Morest, and I slid remainder of 7,000 ft runway to a stop at the end - square tire, limp off followed with frantic UHF plea that all F8's make an arrested landing.
Chuck Van Orden, after touchdown, did a 360 degree roll-out turn to stop at end of runway with another frantic call for F8's to take the Morest.
Phil Mickelson (Yes- lefty golfers Dad,) next down, hit the runway perimeter chain link fence and carried over 100 yards of sea anchor links sparking down the runway to a successful stop mired in mud off runway end.
Tony was last down to a perfect Morest landing.
Footnote - My fitness report read "promote when due" which of course our Navy answered with an early promotion. LT. Bob "TRIGGER" Jurgens sends.
Henry's Cell
And there is probably even more up there with more capability
Thanks to Chuck
Some very interesting tech in this article.
Under surveillance: satellites, cameras, and phones track us
A bit of news around the world
Israel—Iron Dome Deployed Outside Tel Aviv Following Syrian Threats  Times of Israel | 01/24/2019 The Israeli military has deployed an Iron Dome air defense battery outside of Tel Aviv, reports the Times of Israel.  Additional batteries were also deployed to the south amid growing tensions with Syria and Hamas in the Gaza Strip, the military said on Thursday.  A small number of reservists were called up to staff the batteries.  On Tuesday, the Syrian ambassador to the U.N. said that Damascus could attack Ben Gurion Airport near Tel Aviv if Israel did not stop airstrikes in Syria.  The threat came a day after Israeli jets struck targets around Damascus, including Iranian weapon depots.  On Wednesday, unknown gunmen fired on Israeli soldiers along the border with Syria, while one Israeli soldier was lightly injured by gunfire from the Gaza Strip. Israel responded by destroying two Hamas observation posts, killing one militant, the military said.   
South Korea—Seoul Balks At U.S. Demand For Significant Increase In Payments For Maintaining American Troops  Reuters | 01/24/2019 Talks between South Korea and the United States on sharing the cost of American troops deployed on the peninsula have broken down, reports Reuters.  The U.S. has asked for South Korea to increase its contribution by 50 percent, a South Korean lawmaker said on Tuesday.  Washington wants Seoul to boost its spending from US$848 million to US$1.2 billion for the roughly 28,500 U.S. troops stationed in South Korea, the lawmaker said.  The two sides are attempting to negotiate a deal to replace a 2014 agreement that expired in 2018.  A second lawmaker said that Seoul would not pay more than 1 trillion won (US$884 billion) and wanted a five-year agreement rather than a one-year deal that is reportedly sought by the U.S.  No deal has been reached in 10 rounds of talks convened since March. The U.S. Defense Dept. has warned of possible furloughs for Korean workers if an agreement is not reached by April.   About 70 percent of Seoul's contribution covers salaries for South Korean employees at U.S. military facilities on the peninsula. 
 Russia—Su-27 Intercepts Swedish Recon Aircraft Over Baltic Sea  Tass | 01/24/2019 The Russian Defense Ministry said one of its jets intercepted a Swedish reconnaissance plane over the Baltic Sea, reports Russia's Tass news agency.  An aerial target was detected approaching Russian airspace and an Su-27 fighter jet was dispatched to respond, the ministry said on Thursday.  The Russian jet identified the plane as a Gulfstream reconnaissance plane from the Swedish air force, said the ministry.  The Swedish plane was flying with its transponder off. The Kremlin said the interception was conducted professionally and the Swedish aircraft turned around without incident.  Russian aircraft have frequently been accused of flying without their transponders activated or violating the airspace of countries on the Baltic Sea. 
Russia—Putin Pledges More Cooperation With Turkey In Syria  Agence France-Presse | 01/24/2019 Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan say they have agreed to more closely coordinate their activities in Syria, reports Agence France-Presse.  Cooperation is critical to achieving peace in Syria and will continue to grow, Erdogan said on Wednesday following a meeting with Putin in Moscow.  Details of the stepped up cooperation were not made public. There was no disagreement over a proposed 18-mile (30-km) safe zone along the Turkish-Syrian border, said Erdogan, as reported by Al Jazeera (Qatar). He did not elaborate.  Turkey seeks to establish a corridor free of Kurdish militants, which Ankara views as terrorists. Putin said he supported talks between the Syrian government and Kurdish representatives. Kurdish forces have called on the government for support to prevent a potential Turkish offensive.  The leaders also discussed the situation in Idlib province, where Hayat Tahrir al-Sham, a group dominated by a former Al-Qaida affiliate, has consolidated its control.  The two countries back opposite sides in the nearly eight-year conflict.  Both seek to avoid a potential vacuum in as the U.S. withdraws its forces from Syria.    
South Korea—Seoul Disregards Sanctions As It Seeks To Improve Ties With North  NK News | 01/24/2019 South Korea has taken a selective approach to implementing some U.N. sanctions on North Korea, reports NK News, a website that provides analysis on North Korea.  In 2018, South Korea exported nearly 350 tons of petroleum products that were not reported to the U.N., the website reported on Wednesday.  U.N. Security Council Resolution 2397, which imposed sanctions on North Korea for its ballistic missile program, requires that all such exports be reported to the 1718 Sanctions Committee within 30 days.  South Korea maintains that it is cooperating with U.N., reported Reuters.  Some of the 342.9 tons of petroleum products were used to host family reunion events and renovate the joint liaison office in Kaesong, said a spokesman for the South Korean Ministry of Unification. Seoul also transferred around US$1 million worth of sanctioned construction equipment for work on the liaison office, Reuters reported in August.  South Korean officials indicated that the transfer of sanctioned materials that do not bring economic gain to the North does not violate the intent of the measures. There are no exemptions in any sanctions for the transfer of prohibited goods when there is no economic gain, noted NK News.  In September 2018, the U.S. warned the council that Pyongyang had imported four times the allowed amount of petroleum products in the first eight months of 2018.   
Venezuela—Maduro Orders U.S. Diplomats Out After Trump Recognizes Opposition Leader   British Broadcasting Corp. | 01/24/2019 Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro says he will cut ties with the U.S. after President Donald Trump recognized opposition chief Juan Guaido as the country's interim leader, reports BBC News.  U.S. diplomats must leave in 72 hours, Maduro said on Wednesday.  The State Dept. said it would not withdraw its personnel since it does not recognize the Maduro regime as the legitimate government, reported CNBC. The decision came after Guaido, who heads the opposition-controlled National Assembly, declared himself interim president.  Several countries have expressed support for the opposition leader, including Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, and Peru. Bolivia, Cuba and Mexico have indicated support for Maduro.  Guaido cited articles in the constitution that allow for the National Assembly head to lead the country in the absence of a president. He has pledged to create a transitional government and hold new elections. The opposition lawmaker argues that Maduro is not a legitimate leader because of fraud in the elections that brought him a second term in May 2018, a position shared by the European Union and most of the members of the Organization of American States.  At least 14 people were killed in protests on Tuesday and Wednesday, said a Venezuelan NGO.  Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said that Maduro lacks the "legal authority" to expel the diplomats, reported the Washington Examiner.  With two parallel governments claiming legitimacy, the balance of power rests in the hands of the military, said analysts.  The opposition has taken steps to encourage defections, passing a law to give defectors immunity.  Efforts against the government have been sporadic, unsuccessful and quickly suppressed, noted experts.
 USA—Air Force Orders Mission Equipment For F-35 Fighters  Dept. Of Defense | 01/24/2019 The U.S. Naval Air Systems Command has awarded Lockheed Martin a contract for ancillary mission equipment for F-35 Lightning II fighter jets, reports the Dept. of Defense. The $542 million deal covers mission equipment and spare parts for Lot 13 F-35s for the U.S. Air Force, Marine Corps and Navy, as well as non-U.S. Dept. of Defense participants and Foreign Military Sales customers, said a Pentagon release on Tuesday. Work under the award is slated to be concluded by May 2023.
United Kingdom—RAF Set To Pull Tornados From Middle East Ahead Of Retirement  Daily Mail | 01/24/2019 The British Royal Air Force will bring home more than half of the fighter jets it has deployed for operations in Iraq and Syria, reports the Daily Mail (London). Eight Tornado strike aircraft will be withdrawn from the region in February, reducing the British contingent to six Eurofighter Typhoon jets and up to 10 MQ-9 Reaper remotely piloted aircraft. The Tornado fleet is scheduled to be retired in March. Military leaders decided not to replace the Tornados, which are based at RAF Akrotiri in Cyprus, once President Donald Trump announced his intent to withdraw all American forces from Syria. The withdrawal of the Tornados will not reduce the RAF's ability to contribute to the global coalition battling the Islamic State, said a defense ministry spokesman. The RAF has been upgrading its Typhoons for strike missions, including integrating Storm Shadow cruise missiles and Brimstone guided missiles. British special operations personnel are still in Syria and are expected to leave once American special operations forces withdraw, said unnamed defense sources.
USA—National Intelligence Strategy Sees More Chaotic, Dangerous World  Voice Of America News | 01/24/2019 Director of National Intelligence Daniel Coats has unveiled a new National Intelligence Strategy that calls for a new approach to significant domestic and global challenges, reports the Voice of America News. The 2019 strategy, which was released on Tuesday, calls for a renewed emphasis on transparency and "speaking truth," Coats said. The document identifies persistent stresses in the current environment, including the weakening of the post-World War II international order and growing "isolationist tendencies in the West." Other challenges include the proliferation of advanced technology that allows adversaries of all size to gain on the U.S. China, for example, has been catching up by investing in technology and stealing industrial secrets to apply them to military projects. Competition is also increasing in space, where China and Russia are seeking "anti-satellite weapons that could degrade U.S. intelligence-gathering capabilities," says the strategy. Growing availability of biotechnology and nanotechnology could also be harnessed by a range of adversaries seeking to cause harm, officials said. The document also calls for sharing more cyber threat intelligence to help defend vital information networks and critical infrastructure.
Syria—Car Bombing In Latakia Kills 1  Al Jazeera | 01/24/2019 A civilian has been killed and 14 others injured in a bombing on the western coast of Syria, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar). On Tuesday, a car bomb exploded in al-Hammam Square in the city of Latakia, said the state-run SANA news agency. The U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the blast was caused by an explosive device hidden in the vehicle, a Suzuki minivan, or near it, reported Asharq Al-Awsat (London). The observatory told Agence France-Presse that the driver of the vehicle was not a suicide attacker. A specialized unit disarmed a second bomb at the site before it could detonate, the news agency said. Latakia province has been a government stronghold since the start of the Syrian conflict in March 2011 and has avoided much of the violence that has devastated the rest of the country. The attack was the latest in government-held areas, raising security concerns. The bombings could mark the beginning of "a new phase in the conflict," according to analysts.

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