Friday, January 18, 2019

TheList 4906

The List 4906     TGB

To All,
I hope that you all have a great weekend.
. This Day In Naval History
Jan. 18
1885—A Marine guard from the screw gunboat Alliance lands at Colon, Panama, (then in Colombia) to guard the railroad and to protect American lives and property during a period of political unrest.
1911—The first aircraft landing onboard a ship takes place when pilot Eugene Ely lands onboard the armored cruiser USS Pennsylvania while anchored in San Francisco Bay, CA, and then makes a return flight back to Tanforan Field in San Francisco.
1942—Plunger (SS 179) sinks the Japanese freighter Eizan Maru (ex-Panamanian Aurora) off the mouth of Kii Strait, Honshu.
1962—USS Duxbury Bay transfers a Navy doctor to help a Danish crewman after a flash fire burned him onboard Danish tanker Prima Maersk in the Persian Gulf.
1991—During Operation Desert Storm, HSL-44 (Det 8) SH-60Bs from USS Nicholas (FFG 47), along with Kuwaiti and Army vessels, engage and neutralize Iraqi forces on nine oil platforms in the Durrah oil field. 
Jan. 19
1813—William Jones takes office as the fourth Secretary of the Navy, serving until Dec. 1, 1814.
1943—USS Swordfish (SS 193) sinks army cargo ship Myoho Maru, which was part of the Japanese Solomons reinforcement convoy, while USS Greenling (SS 213) damages Japanese cargo ship north of Rabaul.
1951—During the Korean War, landing craft from USS Horace A. Bass (APD 124) investigate the beaches around Kamak Bay (south west coast of Korea) when one of the crafts carrying frogmen comes under fire from North Korean guerillas, killing two and wounding three.

Jan. 20
1903—President Theodore Roosevelt issues an Executive Order placing Midway Islands under the jurisdiction of the Navy Department due to recurring complaints of Japanese squatters and poachers.
1909—Ship Fitter First Class George H. Wheeler and Boatswain's Mate William H. Gowan display bravery and extraordinary heroism while fighting a fire and keeping it from spreading in Coquimbo, Chile. For their actions on this occasion, both men are awarded the Medal of Honor.
1914—The aviation unit from Annapolis, MD, under Lt. John H. Towers, as Officer in Charge, arrives at Pensacola, FL, to set up a flying school.
1943—USS Brennan (DE 13) is commissioned. Originally launched as British destroyer escort Bentinck (BDE 13), it is reallocated to the United States and serves as a training ship in the Miami, FL, area for student officers and prospective crews of destroyer escorts.
1944—USS Batfish (SS 310) and USS Gar (SS 206) attack Japanese convoys and sink transport Hidaka Maru south of Shiono Misaki and army cargo ship Koyo Maru about 50 miles south-southwest of Palau. 
2017—By a 98-1 vote, the Senate confirms retired Marine Corps Gen. James Mattis to be the 26th secretary of defense. He is sworn in shortly afterward.  Mattis is the first retired general officer to hold the position since General of the Army George C. Marshall in the early 1950s.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
National media are reporting that President Trump directed his longtime former attorney Michael Cohen to lie to Congress about the Moscow Trump Tower project, Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi's overseas trip was postponed due to the partial government shutdown, and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo will meet with North Korean representative and former spy chief Kim Yong Chol in Washington on Friday. At the Surface Navy Association symposium, Secretary of the Navy Richard V. Spencer stated that the Navy has made great strides in restoring readiness and increasing lethality reports "The spirit of 'doing more with less' produced unintended but yet completely unacceptable consequences," said Richardson. "We have committed ourselves to instilling readiness and lethality across the force." Stars and Stripes reports that CNO Admiral John Richardson spoke with reporters in Tokyo about his four day visit to China. "I emphasized the importance of consistent and habitual communication between our two forces with the goal of making sure we deepen our understanding of each other's intent," Richardson said. "We use this channel to reduce risk — reduce tension." Additionally, Admiral Richardson met with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Thursday to further strengthen military ties between the U.S. and Japan.

2016 January 18
Henry VII marries Elizabeth of York.
Frederick III, the elector of Brandenburg, becomes king of Prussia.
Captain James Cook discovers the Hawaiian Islands, naming them the 'Sandwich Islands' after the First Lord of the Admiralty, Lord Sandwich.
Jim Bowie arrives at the Alamo to assist its Texas defenders.
John Tyler, former president of the U.S., is buried at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond.
The Isthmus Canal Commission in Washington shifts its support from Nicaragua to Panama as a favored canal site.
Aviator Eugene Ely performs his first successful take off and landing from a ship in San Francisco.
The Russians force the Turkish 3rd Army back to Erzurum.
General MacArthur repels the Japanese in Bataan. The United States takes the lead in the Far East war criminal trials.
The German Army launches its second attempt to relieve the besieged city of Budapest from the advancing Red Army.
Gandhi breaks a 121-hour fast after halting Muslim-Hindu riots.
The United States begins spraying foliage with herbicides in South Vietnam, in order to reveal the whereabouts of Vietcong guerrillas.
Plans are disclosed for the World Trade Center in New York.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) isolate the cause of Legionnaire's disease.
Iraq starts firing Scud missiles at Israeli cities.
Thanks to Mike
Greetings From China Lake!
Thanks to Carl
I like the polite men looking at bikini women!
My favorite is the Hooters job application......


Aphorism    is a statement of truth or opinion expressed in  a concise and witty manner   .                        
I read that 4,153,237 people got married last   year.
Not to cause any trouble....but  shouldn't that be an even number?
find it ironic that the colors red, white and blue stand for freedom, until they are flashing behind you.
When  wearing a bikini, women reveal 90% of their body.
Men are so polite they only look at the covered parts.
are a lot like algebra. 
Have you ever looked at your X and wondered Y?
America  is a country which produces citizens who will
cross the ocean to fight for democracy, but won't cross the street to vote.
You  know that tingly little feeling you get when you  fall in love with someone? 
That's common sense leaving your body
My  therapist says I have a preoccupation with   vengeance.
We'll see about that!
I think my neighbor is stalking me as she's been   Googling  my name on her computer. 
I saw it through my telescope last night.
Money  talks ... but all mine ever says is good-bye.
You're  not fat, you're just easier to see.
If  you think nobody cares whether you're alive,   try  missing a couple of payments.
always wondered what the job application is like  at Hooters.  
Do they just give you a bra and say, "Here, fill this out?"
The  location of your mailbox shows you how far away  from your house you can go in a robe, before you start looking like a mental patient.
Money  can't buy happiness, but it keeps the kids in  touch!
The  reason Mayberry was so peaceful and quiet   was  because nobody was married. 
Andy, Aunt Bea, Barney, Floyd, Howard, Goober, Gomer, Sam, Earnest T Bass, Helen, Thelma Lou, Clara and, of course, Opie were all single. 
The only married person was Otis, and he stayed drunk.
Now,   don't  you feel better knowing what an aphorism is?
Thanks to Mud
Tell it like it is. We will someday face the realities that are being faced in Europe right now. 
Time is like a river. You cannot touch the water twice, because the flow that has passed will never pass again. Franklin Graham was speak-ing at the First Baptist Church in Jacksonville, Florida, when he said America will not come back. 
He wrote: "The American dream ended on November 6th, 2012. The second term of Barack Obama has been the final nail in the coffin for the legacy of the white Christian males who discovered, explored, pioneered, settled and developed the greatest republic in the history of mankind. 
A coalition of blacks, Latinos, feminists, gays, government workers, union members, environmental extremists, the media, Hollywood, uninformed young people, the "forever needy," the chronically unemployed, illegal aliens, and other "fellow travelers" have ended Norman Rockwell's America. 
You will never again out-vote these people. It will take individual acts of defiance and massive displays of civil disobedience to get back the rights we have allowed them to take away. It will take zealots, not moderates and shy, not reach-across-the-aisle RINOs (Republicans In Name Only) to right this ship and restore our beloved country to its former status. 
People like me are completely politically irrelevant, and I will probably never again be able to legally comment on or concern myself with the aforementioned coalition which has surrendered our culture, our heritage, and our traditions without a shot being fired.
The cocker spaniel is off the front porch, the pit bull is in the back yard, the American Constitution has been replaced with Saul Alinsky's "Rules for Radicals", and the likes of Chicago shyster David Axelrod along with international socialist George Soros have been pulling the strings on their beige puppet and have brought us Act 2 of the New World Order. 
The curtain will come down but the damage has been done, the story has been told.
Those who come after us will once again have to risk their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor to bring back the Republic that this generation has timidly frittered away due to white guilt and political correctness." 
Two good articles of history from NHHC
7. What It Was Like to Suffer a German U-Boat Attack
(WE ARE THE MIGHTY—11 JAN 19) … Logan Nye

            The Merchant Marine in World War II was supposed to just tool around the world's oceans, delivering supplies to ports and troops in Europe, Africa, and the Pacific while the real fighting was done by sailors, soldiers, and Marines. But due to German U-boats and other attackers, the mariners actually operated in an extremely dangerous niche.
            One of the biggest dangers was of U-boat attack, when even a single boat could wipe out an entire convoy, provided that the boat was able to surface and attack using its deck gun.
            The mariners were in danger from the moment they lost view of the land. U-boats would typically attack deep into the Atlantic, but they liked to remind Americans that they weren't safe at any time, so some U-boats were sent to hunt right off the coast.
            Regardless of when the attack came, most merchant vessels didn't have any kind of sonar or radar, not even all Navy vessels had those detection systems in World War II. So, unless your ship was in a large convoy with a naval escort, you won't know a U-boat was there until it attacked.
            When the U-boat attack got under way, it played out in one of two ways. If there were no threats of a U-boat in the area, you would find out you were under attack when a black hulk slowly surfaced in the nearby waves, a few sailors poured out of it, and the deck gun began firing on your ship.
            These were often capable of sending 3.5-inch rounds into the hull of your thin-skinned cargo vessel, allowing water to pour into the lower decks and slowly send you deep into the sea. And since the attacking vessel is a tiny U-boat and not an enemy destroyer or cruiser, there's no way to get rescued. You have to paddle your lifeboats through a sea filling with oil from the sinking ship, potentially as it's on fire.
            And, believe it or not, that's, by far, the preferred option.
            That's because the other likely method of attack from a U-boat comes via its torpedo tubes, which means there's no surfacing ship, no scramble of sailors to warn you. You might, might notice a darkness in the water before a stream bubbles starts racing towards your ship.
            If you look a few feet ahead of this stream of bubbles, you'll see the 21-inch diameter, almost-24-foot-long metal tube barreling towards your ship at nearly 35 mph. It will reach you. It will hit you. And its 600-pound (or heavier) warhead will rip apart the hull.
            What happens next depends almost entirely on what cargo is being carried. Got a bunch of foodstuffs like grain and fruit? The boat will sink fairly slowly, and you'll have a chance to escape. But if you were carrying lots of heavy war materiel, like tanks and planes or, worse, industrial goods like iron and coal, you're pretty much screwed. The weight and density will take the ship down in minutes.
            But the worst came when the ship was carrying fuel or oil. The massive explosion from the torpedo warhead would often rupture any tanks on the targeted vessel, providing a massive burst of heat as the pressure wave mixed the targeted fuel with the outside air, virtually guaranteeing massive fireballs and explosions as the torpedo exploded.
            When you're on a tanker and the tanks suddenly explode, there's not a lot to be done. The steel around you has likely been twisted, the decks are burning hot and searing your flesh, and the blast wave has likely scrambled your brain. If you're lucky enough to survive, you now have to overcome your scrambled brains, make it through the burning corridors, and then try to get in a boat and get away from the deck before the suction takes you under.
            If you did make it out of a shipping ship, your ordeal isn't over. Traditionally, combat ships would rescue survivors from enemy vessels once hostilities were over. If a cruiser sinks a destroyer, then once the destroyer crew surrenders the cruiser crew would begin taking on the survivors and would later take them to POW camps.
            But U-boats barely have enough room for the crews. They can't take on survivors. So, after sinking anything from a fishing trawler to a destroyer to a passenger ship, the U-boat crew typically can't do much more than offer some loaves of bread or water before sailing away. They wouldn't even tell other Allied ships where to pick up the survivors, at least not at first, since that would give away the location of the subs.
            Even if your ship was in a convoy, there was no guarantee that you could be picked up by friendly ships since a U-boat wolf pack could sink the entire convoy, leaving dozens of life boats in its wake, filled with slowly dying soldiers desperate for water or food.
            To add insult to injury, Merchant Marine members were rarely paid for any period where they weren't actively crewing a ship, and no, lifeboats don't count. So their harrowing trial to survive at sea is performed for free, solely for the hope that they'll survive.
            And throughout all of this, the U.S. would often keep the sinking of ships secret, reporting just a couple of ship losses every week while dozens might have gone down.
            Luckily for mariners, British innovation and American industry eventually gave the sub hunters the edge over the submarines, culminating in "Black May" 1943 when German losses got so steep that subs essentially withdrew from the Atlantic, allowing the Merchant Marine to finally sail largely in peace.
8. Remembering Baseball History
(ROYALS REVIEW—14 JAN 19) … Bradford Lee

            I read a great piece the other day written by Fay Vincent. In addition to being the former commissioner, Vincent is also a tremendous writer. In his piece he talks about how old acquaintances help us remember history. He uses several baseball references but also recounts oral history from a wide variety of friends, such as a man named John Lockwood, who as a young man clerked for Oliver Wendell Holmes and was able to recount to Vincent stories Holmes had passed to him about seeing former soldiers of the American Revolution in a parade in Boston and from Holmes' experience fighting at Antietam. Thus, Lockwood was able to link Vincent to Holmes, who linked him to the Civil War and to the American Revolution.
           All of us have similar stories. I have a close friend, Dick Harman, who is something of a renaissance man. Dick is an artist, a musician and a master baker among other things. Dick's great uncle was a child drummer for the Union army. My friend has his uncle's drum. I've held the drum and have heard the story of how his Uncle Mancil left home at the age of 9 years and 7 months, the wages he earned as a child drummer helped support his widowed mother. Dick has recounted to me how his uncle, known as Manny, was wounded in the war at The Wilderness and was later captured and held as a prisoner of war.
            Dick has told me the story that after the war ended, President Lincoln was reviewing the troops when he spotted young Manny. Lincoln reached out and took ahold of both of Manny's hands, and as he gazed upon the small boy's face, tears rolled down his cheeks and Lincoln said, "I never thought it would come to this". Manny's first impression of Lincoln was that he was the homeliest man he'd ever seen. Then after Lincoln had spoken to him in his soft voice, Manny thought, "Here is a beautiful man". My friend links me to Uncle Mancil, who links me to President Lincoln and to the Civil War.
            The oral history of baseball is important. Another former commissioner, A. Bartlett Giamatti, once said that baseball has a special regard for oral histories, and not only those told by players or other insiders. Fans have tales to tell, of who took us to our first game, or the time we met a great player. We tell our children, who tell their children. It always saddens me when I read of a current ballplayer who has little grasp of baseball history. Nothing is worse than some star with no idea about the history of Josh Gibson, Roberto Clemente or Bob Gibson, or of their contribution to the game. In our family, my father and grandfather started this trend, passing on to me their remembrances of the game and of certain players. I've continued that with my children.
            All of this got me thinking about the history of ball players who have played in Kansas City. Certainly, there must be some interesting stories and some history linking them, and in a small way us, too long ago history. The Royals, by virtue of their youth, wouldn't have as much history. We'll get to that in a minute. The first player that caught my eye didn't even play in Kansas City, but for the Philadelphia Athletics. His name was Harry O'Neill. O'Neill was born in Philadelphia on May 8, 1917 and grew to be a gifted athlete. He attended Gettysburg College, and at 6'3 and 205 lbs., led the school to league championships in baseball, football and basketball.
            After graduation, he was the subject of a bidding war between the Washington Senators and his hometown Athletics. O'Neill elected to sign with the Athletics and appeared in just one game, a July 23, 1939 loss to the Detroit Tigers. O'Neill appeared as an 8th inning defensive replacement and did not record a plate appearance. He was then sent to the minors. When World War Two broke out, O'Neill enlisted in the Marine Corps.
            In January of 1944, he took part in the amphibious assault on Kwajalein. In June of 1944, during the battle of Saipan, he was wounded by shrapnel and spent several weeks convalescing in the United States before returning to active duty. Eleven days after Marines raised the flag atop Iwo Jima's Mount Suribachi, O'Neill, then 27, and fellow Marines engaged in a fierce battle in the Turkey Knob section of Iwo Jima. In the early evening of March 6, 1945, O'Neill stood in a deep crater that seemed to provide some cover. He was with another soldier, Pfc. James Kontes, when a shot rang out. A Japanese sniper fired a bullet that pieced O'Neill's throat, severing his spinal cord. He died instantly. Thus, O'Neill became one of only two major league baseball players to die in World War II. The other was Elmer Gedeon, who played briefly for the Cleveland Indians.
            Many big leaguers answered the call for World War Two. Yogi Berra was a gunner's mate on a rocket boat during the D-Day invasion. For Berra, facing big league pitching had to be a breeze after surviving D-Day. Ted Williams famously served in World War II and the Korean conflict, flying 39 missions in Korea. Bob Feller enlisted in the Navy after Pearl Harbor and spent 26 months on the USS Alabama. I was fortunate to meet Feller twice and was able to chat with him. He was a fascinating man and I doubt we'll ever see another like him in our lifetime. Feller made his major league debut on July 19th, 1936 in a relief appearance. Bob Feller was 17 years old. He made his first start on August 23rd of 1936. Feller struck out the side in the first inning and went on to strike out 15 St. Louis Browns, earning his first major league win. As a 17-year-old!! After the season ended, Feller returned to his hometown of Van Meter, Iowa for his senior year of high school.
            Bob Feller threw the only opening day no-hitter in baseball history in 1940. He pitched against Ted Williams and barnstormed with Satchel Paige and Buck O'Neal. Have you ever seen the picture of Babe Ruth's last public appearance at Yankee Stadium, two months before his death? In the photo, the Babe is leaning against a bat as he was being honored by the Yankees. The bat was Bob Feller's bat and Feller placed the bat in his museum in Van Meter Iowa.
            The Feller museum is one of those terrific, off the interstate finds that all baseball fans should see. As Feller would say, "In Van Meter, Iowa, twelve miles west of Des Moines, south off of I-80". I'll always remember taking my boys to meet Mr. Feller and getting our picture taken with him. Feller, always gracious and amicable, chatted easily with my boys and everyone else he met. He was one of the great ambassadors of the game. Afterwards, I explained to my boys who this man was and what he had accomplished.
            Years later, while in Cleveland, my daughter and I took a walk through downtown and by Jacobs Field. I got a picture of her next to the statute of Bob Feller. I explained to her who Feller was and his contributions to the game. That oral history linked Bob Feller to me and my children, and thereby to Ted Williams and Babe Ruth. To this day they still remember Bob Feller and someday they will tell their children these stories.
            An aside to the Feller story: just inside the gate from the Feller statute is a statute of Royal-killer Jim Thome. The Thome statue stands in the place where his longest career home run landed, a 511-foot blast on July 3, 1999 off Royals right hander Don Wengert. Royals centerfielder Carlos Beltran initially turned to chase the ball, but once he realized the magnitude of the blast, he just stood and watched it disappear. Wengert was reportedly so traumatized by the dong, that he refuses to speak to reporters about it. Like any good tour guide, I relayed this history to my children as well.
            The Kansas City Athletics had several players with interesting and colorful histories. Bob Cerv was a slugging first baseman for the Athletics and in 1958, he hit 38 home runs and drove in 104 runs while finishing 4th in the MVP race. Cerv had played for Casey Stengel in New York and was a friend of former president Harry Truman. As a young man, Cerv had been a two-sport standout (baseball and basketball) at the University of Nebraska. He served in the U.S. Navy during World War Two, aboard the USS Claxton in the Pacific theater. When Cerv was 11, his father drove him from their home in Nebraska to New York City. They attended several games at Yankee Stadium, and Cerv said that watching Lou Gehrig hit home runs fueled his desire to become a ball player. Cerv played for the Yankees on three separate occasions and even roomed with Roger Maris and Mickey Mantle during the historic 1961 season, as Maris and Mantle dueled each other in an effort to break Babe Ruth's single season home run record.
            Hank Bauer played for the Athletics during the 1960 and 1961 seasons, at the tail end of a 14-year career. As a rookie for the Yankees in 1948, Bauer played with Berra, Joe DiMaggio and Phil Rizzuto. Bauer's first pro season was actually 1941, as an 18-year-old with the Osh Kosh Giants. Bauer, like many young men of his day, enlisted in the Marines one month after Pearl Harbor. In 32 months of combat, Bauer earned 11 campaign ribbons, two Bronze Stars, the Navy Commendation medal and two Purple Hearts. Bauer was the sergeant in command of a platoon of 64 Marines during the battle of Okinawa. Only six of the 64 Marines survived the Japanese attack.
            After returning to the States and recovering from his wounds, Bauer spent two seasons in AAA, where he excelled, before making the jump to the Yankees in 1948. Another of his teammates on that 1948 team was Ralph Houk. Houk was born in Lawrence, Kansas and also had his career interrupted by World War II. Houk became an Army Ranger and rose to the rank of Major. He saw heavy combat, at Bastogne and in the Battle of the Bulge. Houk was awarded the Bronze Star, a Purple Heart and the Silver Star for his heroics on the battlefield.
            I met Bauer once. He signed a baseball for me. That ball is one of my treasured pieces of baseball memorabilia. We shared a short conversation. I recall Bauer being extremely polite and humble and a little awed that people would want to come out and meet an old-timer like himself. I hope he knew that the honor was ours. Bauer died February 9th, 2007 at the age of 84 and is buried in Lenexa.
            Most baseball fans know of Don Larsen, who pitched the only perfect game in World Series history, a game five perfecto in the 1956 classic. Urban legend has it that after the game, Larsen returned to his Bronx apartment to find a Dear John letter on his kitchen table from his wife, informing him that she was leaving. Talk about a day of highs and lows!
            Larsen was part of the trade that sent Roger Maris from Kansas City to New York. The Yankees shipped a sore armed Larsen, Hank Bauer and Norm Siebern to the Athletics for Maris, Kent Hadley and Joe DeMaestri. Though Siebern ended up developing into a minor star for Kansas City, the trade was one of many lopsided trades between the two teams, which later fueled the bitterness of Royals fans against the Yankees. Larsen appeared in 30 games for the Athletics during the 1960 and 1961 seasons, compiling a 2-10 record, before the Athletics finally cut bait and traded him to the White Sox. On July 18, 1999, Larsen threw out the ceremonial first pitch to Yogi Berra, on Yogi Berra Day at Yankee Stadium. Larsen and Berra then watched as former Royal David Cone threw a perfect game against the Expos. I also met Larsen once. He was a quiet man with a wry sense of humor. And tall. I'll never forget shaking his hand and marveling at how large his hands were. I'm a normal sized man, but Larsen's hands just engulfed mine.
            Enos "Country" Slaughter was one of the more high-profile players to have played in Kansas City for the Athletics. Slaughter made his debut in 1938 with the St. Louis Cardinals, but missed the 1943, 1944 and 1945 seasons due to military service. Upon returning to the Cardinals for the 1946 season, Slaughter led the team with 130 RBI and helped lead the Cardinals to a World Series victory over the Boston Red Sox. In the seventh game of that series, Slaughter made his "mad dash" from first to home on a single by Harry Walker in the 8th inning, scoring the run that won the series.
            Slaughter played in Kansas City during the 1955 and 1956 seasons before being traded to the Yankees, of course. One of Slaughter's teammates on that 1938 Cardinals team was Hall of Famer, Joe "Ducky" Medwick. Slaughter closed out his career with the 1959 Milwaukee Brewers, playing alongside Eddie Matthews, Warren Spahn and a young Hank Aaron. Warren Spahn had also enlisted in the United States Army after the 1942 season. He served with distinction and was awarded a Purple Heart. Spahn saw action in the Battle of the Bulge and at the Ludendorff Bridge during the Battle of Remagen. Spahn ended his Hall of Fame career with 363 wins and many thought had he not missed three full seasons to the war, he may have won 400 games.
            One of Spahn's teammates with the Boston Braves in 1948 was a right-handed pitcher named Johnny Sain. The duo was so dominant that a Boston Post editor, Gerald Hern, wrote a poem about the pair, which was later reduced to the line "Spahn and Sain and pray for rain". Sain had the distinction of being the last pitcher to face Babe Ruth and the first to pitch against Jackie Robinson in the majors. Sain also broke into the majors in 1942, with Boston, before missing the 1943, 1944 and 1945 seasons as well to military service. Sain closed out his career by appearing in 25 games for the 1955 Kansas City Athletics. By that time, he was 37 years old and his arm was shot. After his playing days ended, Sain became one of the top pitching coaches in baseball. He played or coached for six World Series champions.
            Old time baseball history with the Royals can be linked to two men: Joe Gordon and Bob Lemon. Gordon's playing career lasted from 1938 to 1950, interrupted by a two-year military hitch (1944-45). He ended his career as a 57 WAR player and won the American League MVP in 1942. Gordon was a nine-time All-Star and won five World Series Championships as a member of the New York Yankees and the Cleveland Indians. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2009. Gordon played with Lou Gehrig, Joe DiMaggio, Red Ruffing, Yogi Berra, Larry Doby, Bob Feller and Bob Lemon. Gordon also holds the distinction of being the only man to manage both Kansas City squads: The Athletics in 1961 and as the first skipper of the expansion Royals in 1969, where he managed a rookie by the name of Lou Piniella. From Piniella to Gordon to Gehrig.
            One of Gordon's teammates with the Indians was Bob Lemon. Lemon signed with Cleveland as a 17-year-old third baseman in 1938 but did not make his Major League debut until 1946. He missed the 1943, 1944 and 1945 seasons to military service. While serving in the U.S. Navy and playing ball for the Naval team, Lemon tried pitching and was so successful, that when he returned to the states, he became a pitcher. During the 1946 and 1947 seasons, Lemon played third base and outfield, and saw action as a pitcher in 69 games over those two seasons.
            He converted to a full-time pitcher in the 1948 season and went on to a 207-128 career record. He led the American League in wins on three separate occasions and led the league in innings pitched four other seasons. Lemon was playing center field for the Indians on opening day 1946. Bob Feller was hanging onto a 1-0 lead with a runner on second and one out when a White Sox batter, Jake Jones, sent a drive to right-center field. Lemon sprinted to his left and at the last second, dove for the ball. He fully extended himself and made the catch. Lemon sprang to his feet and his throw to second doubled off the runner for the game ending double play. Feller called the catch "the greatest outfield play I have ever seen", high praise considering both men were in the dugout when Willie Mays made his miraculous, over-the-shoulder catch in the 1954 World Series. Lemon struggled to hit Major League pitching and soon lost his job in the outfield. "I could hit anything else they threw at me, but not the change up, and word got around pretty quick," Lemon said in later years, "pretty soon that's all I saw. Fastball out of the strike zone. Curve ball out of the strike zone. Then the damned change up."
            After retiring as a player, Lemon coached for the Indians, Phillies and Angels before the Royals hired him as their pitching coach in 1970. The Royals fired manager Charlie Metro in June of 1970 and promoted Lemon to the top job. In 1971 Lemon guided the young Royals to their first winning season (85-76) and a second-place finish in the American League West Division, in only their third season of existence. That showing earned Lemon the Manager of the year award.
            Lemon was fired after a disappointing fourth place finish in 1972 (76-78). Lou Piniella was a vocal critic of Lemon's firing, saying that he deserved another season. Lemon won another Manger of the Year award in 1977, after taking over a Chicago White Sox team that had finished in last place in 1976 and guided them to 90 wins in 1977. He was fired by the White Sox midway through the 1978 season, but rebounded with the Yankees, taking over as manager after Billy Martin's famous "One's a born liar, the other's convicted" monologue. The Yankees were in fourth place when Lemon took the helm. He guided them to a 48-20 finish and a one game playoff victory over Boston. As all of you know, that Yankee team then beat our Royals, three games to one in the American League Championship Series, before dispatching the Dodgers for the World Series Championship. George Brett and Hal McRae were members of that 1978 Royals team. Thus, we close with the link from Brett and McRae to Piniella to Lemon to Gordon to Feller to Gehrig to Ruth.
            This is how we keep the history of the game alive, be it through this online community or through oral history and pictures shared with others.
Burma—13 Rebels Killed In Rakhine State  Reuters | 01/18/2019 The Burmese army says it has killed 13 rebels during operations in the western Rakhine state, reports Reuters.  Between Jan. 5 and Jan. 16, 13 rebels were killed in eight clashes, said Maj. Gen. Tun Tun Nyi. There were also at least five land mine explosions, he said.  Burmese soldiers also suffered casualties, though the general declined to provide figures.  The Arakan Army rebel group said that five of the bodies recovered by the government did not belong to their fighters.  Rakhine state is home to the Rohingya and the Rakhine ethnic groups, with the latter representing the majority.  Since mid-December, the army has fought the Arakan Army, which claims to fight for the rights of the Rakhine.  About 5,000 people have fled the area since the fighting began.   
Burkina Faso—Abducted Canadian Geologist Found Dead  Canadian Broadcasting Corporation | 01/18/2019 A Canadian geologist who was kidnapped while working in Burkina Faso has been confirmed dead, reports CBC News.  Kirk Woodman was kidnapped on Tuesday while working at a mining site in Tiabongou, near the border with Niger.  Security forces found his body on Wednesday about 60 miles (100 km) from the site, said a spokesman for the Burkinabe Security Ministry. He had been shot to death, the spokesman said. Alpha Barry, Burkina Faso's minister of foreign affairs and co-operation, called the attack a "cowardly assassination" and said that an investigation had been opened to identify and punish the perpetrators.  Ouagadougou says the area is increasingly threatened by jihadist activity, including Al-Qaida-linked groups such as Ansaroul Islam and JNIM.   Another Canadian and her companion were kidnapped in Burkina Faso in December. Their status is still unclear.  On Jan. 11, the country voted to extend a state of emergency in the northern provinces, reported Reuters.   
Russia—Su-34 Strike Jets Collide Over Sea Of Japan; Pilots Safe  Moscow Times | 01/18/2019 The pilots of two Russian Su-34 fighter-bombers that collided over the Sea of Japan have been rescued, reports the Moscow Times.  On Friday, the jets were on a training flight when they "touched" in mid-air, said the defense ministry. The crews of both aircraft ejected, reported Russia's RT.  A search-and-rescue mission was launched. The first pilot was rescued shortly after the mishap and the second less than an hour later.  It was not immediately clear how many personnel were aboard each aircraft. The Su-34 typically has a crew of two: the pilot and the weapons officer. The air force reportedly grounded its Su-34 fleet following incident.   
Colombia—Attack On Police Academy Kills 21  Reuters | 01/18/2019 At least 21 people have been killed in a car bombing at Colombia's main police academy in Bogota, reports Reuters.  On Thursday, a car broke through checkpoints surrounding the General Santander School and exploded. The Nissan Patrol SUV was carrying 176 pounds (80 kg) of pentolite high explosive, which has been commonly used by Colombian insurgents, said Attorney General Nestor Humberto Martinez. At least 68 people were injured in the attack, reported Agence France-Presse.  There were no immediate claims of responsibility.  The driver, who was killed in the blast, was identified as a resident of the northern department of Boyaca, where the rebel group the National Liberation Army (ELN) remains active, reported the Colombian newspaper El Tiempo. On Friday, Defense Minister Guillermo Botero said that the ELN was responsible for the bombing.  President Ivan Duque called the explosion a "crazy terrorist act" and said the perpetrators would be brought to justice.  The attack is the deadliest since Colombia reached a peace deal with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) militant group in 2016.
Egypt—Security Forces Kill 5 Militants In Raid In N. Sinai  Asharq Al-Awsat | 01/18/2019 Five militants have been killed in an operation by Egyptian security forces in North Sinai, reports Asharq Al-Awsat (London). On Wednesday, police raided a militant hideout on a deserted farm in Arish setting off a gun battle, said the Egyptian Interior Ministry on Wednesday. Explosives and weapons were recovered from the site. The ministry said the militants were planning attacks on "important and vital facilities" and prominent figures in Arish, reported Agency France-Presse. In February 2018, the Egyptian military launched a full-scale military operation against ISIS-affiliated terrorist groups in North Sinai. The insurgency gained strength in 2013, after President Mohammed Morsi was forcefully removed from power.  
USA—White House Moves To Shore Up Munition Supply Chain Weaknesses  Defense News | 01/18/2019 The Trump administration has approved the use of federal direct investment for suppliers of chemicals and parts used in U.S. bombs in an attempt to fix supply chain vulnerabilities, reports Defense News. President Trump signed four memos on Wednesday to bolster the supply chain for precursor materials, inert materials, energetic materials and advanced manufacturing techniques for chemical production. The move is part of a broader effort to prop up subsectors of the defense industrial base that the Pentagon assesses as weak, fortify fragile markets and reduce foreign dependency within supply chains for military goods. In December, Pentagon officials said that the department planned to spend $250 million over the following year to address weaknesses in the industrial base. Last year, working groups from across the government completed a study on strengthening the defense-industrial base.  
India—Army Retaliates After Cease-Fire Violations In Kashmir, Killing 5 Pakistani Troops  News Nation Network | 01/18/2019 The Indian army has killed five Pakistani troops following ongoing cease-fire violations along the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir, reports the News Nation Network (New Delhi). On Thursday, the Indian army opened fire on Pakistani troops along the line of control in the Poonch district following several unprovoked cease-fire violations, said Indian defense sources. Pakistani forces were using small-arms and automatic weapons to target Indian positions, reported NDTV (New Delhi). Forward army posts and civilian areas were also shelled prior to the attack, said Indian officials. Several Pakistani bunkers were destroyed during the battle. No casualties were reported among Indian troops, the sources said. Tensions have increased along the border in recent months. The highest number of cease-fire violations by Pakistani troops in 15 years was recorded in December.  
USA—Ford Carrier Reaches Milestone With New Weapons Elevator  Navy Newsstand | 01/18/2019 The U.S. Navy's newest aircraft carrier has accepted its first advanced weapons elevator (AWE), a key capability for transporting ordnance to the flight deck, reports the Navy NewsStand. The elevator, designated AWE Upper Stage #1, was handed over to the USS Gerald R. Ford on Dec. 21, following the completion of testing and certification at the Huntington Ingalls Industries facility in Newport News, Va., said a service release on Wednesday. The Ford features three upper-stage elevators that move ordnance between the main deck and flight deck and seven lower-stage elevators that move weapons between the main deck and lower levels.  The ship is also equipped with a separate utility elevator that can move ordnance and supplies, as well as medically evacuate injured personnel from the flight deck to the hangar bay.

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