Thursday, January 17, 2019

TheList 4905

The List 4905 TGB

To All,
I hope that your week has been going well.
. This Day In Naval History
Jan. 17
1863—Union iron-clad gunboat Baron de Kalb, with "tinclad" gunboats Forest Rose and Romeo, along with an Army transport, clear out Confederate strongholds up White River to Des Arc, AR.
1899—Gunboat Bennington, commanded by Cmdr. E. D. Taussig, claims Wake Island for the United States, giving the U.S. a cable route between Honolulu and Manila, a factor that influences territorial demands in the Pacific.
1943—Submarine Whale (SS 239) sinks the Japanese transport Heiyo Maru.
1943—Light aircraft carrier Cowpens (CV 25) is launched. Redesignated CVL 25 six months later, she serves in the Pacific during World War II.
1944—Dauntless SBD scout planes and Avenger TBF torpedo bombers bomb Japanese shipping at Rabaul and sink three ships, damaging a third. 
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Top national headlines today include Vice President Mike Pence's statement to American ambassadors that North Korea has failed to take any substantive steps to give up its nuclear weapons and continued coverage of the partial government shutdown. Speaking at the 2019 Surface Navy Association symposium, Secretary of the Navy Richard V. Spencer warned that while we still "have a very dangerous world," the Navy should not expect future budget increases reports USNI News. "We need a sustainable path to support the way we're going to grow, and a lot of that is going to have to come from us because it's not going to come from Congress," stated Spencer. USS Gerald R. Ford closed out 2018 with the acceptance of the ship's first advanced weapons elevator. "This will allow us to load more aircraft faster, and in the long run, increase our overall sortie generation rates," said Lt. Cmdr. Chabonnie Alexander. Additionally, VCNO Adm. Bill Moran stated that the Navy needs to leverage technologies such as artificial intelligence and machine learning to win future fights reports USNI News.
January 17

The Treaty of Lyons ends a short war between France and Savoy.

Charles Edward Stuart, the young pretender, defeats the government forces at the battle of Falkirk in Scotland.

Captain James Cook becomes the first person to cross the Antarctic Circle.

Simon Bolivar the "liberator" proclaims Columbia a republic.

Queen Liliuokalani, the Hawaiian monarch, is overthrown by a group of American sugar planters led by Sanford Ballard Dole.

At the Sand River Convention, the British recognize the independence of the Transvaal Board.

Robert Scott reaches the South Pole only a month after Roald Amundsen.

The Reich issues an order forbidding Jews to practice as dentists, veterinarians and chemists.

The Red army occupies Warsaw.

Soviet leader Khrushchev visits the Berlin Wall.

A jury in New Jersey rules that terminally ill patients have the right to starve themselves.
Boston thieves pull off historic robbery
On this day in 1950, 11 men steal more than $2 million from the Brinks Armored Car depot in Boston, Massachusetts. It was the perfect crime–almost–as the culprits weren't caught until January 1956, just days before the statute of limitations for the theft expired.
The robbery's mastermind was Anthony "Fats" Pino, a career criminal who recruited a group of 10 other men to stake out the depot for 18 months to figure out when it held the most money. Pino's men then managed to steal plans for the depot's alarm system, returning them before anyone noticed they were gone.
Wearing navy blue coats and chauffeur's caps–similar to the Brinks employee uniforms–with rubber Halloween masks, the thieves entered the depot with copied keys, surprising and tying up several employees inside the company's counting room. Filling 14 canvas bags with cash, coins, checks and money orders–for a total weight of more than half a ton–the men were out and in their getaway car in about 30 minutes. Their haul? More than $2.7 million–the largest robbery in U.S. history up until that time.Website
No one was hurt in the robbery, and the thieves left virtually no clues, aside from the rope used to tie the employees and one of the chauffeur's caps. The gang promised to stay out of trouble and not touch the money for six years in order for the statute of limitations to run out. They might have made it, but for the fact that one man, Joseph "Specs" O'Keefe, left his share with another member in order to serve a prison sentence for another burglary. While in jail, O'Keefe wrote bitterly to his cohorts demanding money and hinting he might talk. The group sent a hit man to kill O'Keefe, but he was caught before completing his task. The wounded O'Keefe made a deal with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to testify against his fellow robbers.
Eight of the Brinks robbers were caught, convicted and given life sentences. Two more died before they could go to trial. Only a small part of the money was ever recovered; the rest is fabled to be hidden in the hills north of Grand Rapids, Minnesota. In 1978, the famous robbery was immortalized on film in The Brinks Job, starring Peter Falk.
We start carrier landings ... 108 years ago !
Thanks to Ted and Dutch ….
Jan. 18, 1911:  Flying over San Francisco Bay in his Curtiss Pusher Model "D" aircraft, pioneer aviator Eugene B. Ely approaches the anchored cruiser USS Pennsylvania and manages to land onto a special platform fitted with a makeshift tailhook system aboard the ship. Upon landing, he purportedly says, "It was easy enough. I think the trick could be successfully turned nine times out of ten."
Ely's landing is the first-ever airplane landing aboard a ship. Ely already had become the first man to take off from a ship in November. In July, he will be commissioned a second lieutenant in the California National Guard.
In October, he will be killed in a crash during an aerobatic demonstration in Macon, Georgia.
Thanks to Carl
Air Force Medal of Honor Recipient Joe Jackson Dies at 95 -  MOAA
Go to this site and read about his mission that resulted in his MOH.
Air Force Medal of Honor Recipient Joe Jackson Dies at 95
Looking skyward this weekend ...
Thanks to KenP and Dutch ….and Dr. Rich
Looking skyward this weekend: On Sunday, Jan. 20 into Monday, Jan. 21, this weekend offers a triple astronomical treat when those in North and South America will have a prime view of a super blood moon total lunar eclipse. In addition to the "normal" lunar eclipse, this one also involves a larger "supermoon" and a moon fully-tinted the red-orange color of sunset during a special nocturnal hour. The total lunar eclipse will last 1 hour and 2 minutes, according to NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center lunar eclipse projections. The full experience, from the start of the partial eclipse to the end, will last 3 hours and 17 minutes. The peak of the total lunar eclipse will happen shortly after day's end on Sunday, Jan. 20, on the U.S. east coast, at 12:16 a.m. EST (0516 GMT) on Monday, Jan. 21. This peak is also known as the "greatest eclipse" and is defined as the moment when the moon comes closest to the axis of Earth's shadow.  

So, you say, I want to know more about the next Lunar Eclipses. Here are the tables:
Since this weekend's total lunar eclipse will be the last one until May 2021 and the last one visible from the United States until 2022, it is a perfect reason for all sorts of hoopla, celebration, and tomfoolery sprinkled with appropriate amounts of adult beverages, of course!
Thanks to Mugs
319 Square Miles - Why We Need the Electoral College
Now we know why the Democrats are pushing to eliminate the Electoral College. Because they know the States of Washington, Oregon, California, Florida, Illinois, probably Ohio, and New York would be enough popular votes for them to win Presidential elections forever...

Subject: 319  Square  Miles

In their infinite wisdom, the United States' Founders created the Electoral College to ensure the STATES were fairly represented. Why should one or two densely populated areas speak for the whole of the nation?

The following list of statistics has been making the rounds on the Internet. It should finally put an end to the argument as to why the Electoral College makes sense.

Do share this. It needs to be widely known and understood.

    There are 
3,141 counties in the United States.

    Trump won 
3,084 of them.

    Clinton won 

    There are 
62 counties in New York State.

    Trump won 
46 of them.

    Clinton won 

Clinton won the popular vote by approx. 
1.5 million votes.

    In the 
5 counties that encompass NYC, (Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Richmond & Queens) Clinton received well over 2 million more votes than Trump. (Clinton only won 4 of these counties; Trump won Richmond)

Therefore these 5 counties alone, more than accounted for Clinton winning the popular vote of the entire country.

5 counties comprise 319 square miles.
The United States is comprised of 
3,797,000 square miles.

When you have a country that encompasses almost 4 million square miles of territory, it would be ludicrous to even suggest that the vote of those who inhabit a mere 319 square miles should dictate the outcome of a national election.

Large, densely populated Democrat cities (NYC, Chicago, LA, etc.) DO NOT and SHOULD NOT speak for the rest of our country!'s been verified and documented that those aforementioned 319 square miles are where the majority of our nation's problems foment.

Well worth the 39 seconds to read?  Now you know why the Democrats are hell bent on eliminating the Electoral College.... It is on their list of things to be done in the next 2 years...
Thanks to the early bird
A bit of news from around the world
  USA—Missile Defense Review Eyes New Technologies  Defense News | 01/17/2019 The Missile Defense Review that President Donald Trump ordered in 2017 is set to be unveiled Thursday at the Pentagon, reports Defense News.  The review highlights new technologies and emerging threats, including hypersonic missiles, said a senior administration official.  A prominent element in the review is space-based defense, such as a sensor layer to improve early warning, tracking and analysis of missile launches. The Pentagon aims to demonstrate this in some form in the early 2020s.  The review also calls for a six-month study on the deployment of interceptor missiles in space.  To counter evolving potential threats, including from Iran, the review raises the possibility of a third
Ground-Based Midcourse Defense (GMD) system, though no decision has been made, said the official.  One possibility raised in the report is temporarily or permanently operationalizing the Aegis Ashore Missile Defense Test Center in Kauai, Hawaii, which is currently only used for testing. Another proposal calls for testing missile defense roles for the F-35 fighter jet and evaluating the SM-3 Block II A missile as a ballistic missile interceptor.  The Pentagon also wants to review the possibility of equipping unmanned aerial vehicles with lasers to intercept missiles during their boost phase. While the technology behind such a weapon is not yet believed to exist, the department is working on low-power demonstrators to determine what technologies might be needed for the role.   
India—Light Combat Helicopter Demonstrates Air-To-Air Missile Capability  The Print | 01/17/2019 India's indigenous Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) recently completed air-to-air missile trials, reports the Print (New Delhi).  During tests earlier this month, the LCH successfully fired Mistral air-to-air missiles at an aerial target, destroying it, said a Hindustan Aeronautics spokesman.  The was the first time an Indian combat helicopter had performed an aerial engagement, company officials said.  The helicopter has completed weapon integration tests and is ready to enter service, said HAL.  Tests of the chopper's 20-mm turret gun and 70-mm rockets were completed last year.  The Indian Defense Ministry has approved the procurement of 10 LCHs for the air force and five for the army at a cost of about US$406 million.   
Libya—6 Killed In Renewed Militia Clashes  Libya Herald | 01/17/2019 At least six people have been killed and 38 injured in fighting between rival militias near the Libyan capital, Tripoli, reports the Libya Herald.  On Tuesday, fighting broke out between the Tripoli Protection Force (TPF), which is aligned with the U.N.-recognized government of Fayez Serraj, and the 7th Infantry Kani Brigade, which is based in Tarhuna, about 40 mi (65 km) southeast of Tripoli.  Fighting continued on Wednesday. Schools were closed and a general curfew announced.  The fatalities included three fighters, two civilians and one person who could not be identified. Most of the injuries were among the fighters.  The renewed violence ended a cease-fire brokered by the U.N. in September.  Both sides blamed the other for restarting the fighting.   The rival factions are fighting over access to the non-functioning Tripoli airport. The government has granted an Italian company a contract to renovate the site, which has proven to be a strategic asset to militias.   
Ethiopia—Hundreds Of OLF Militants Arrested   Fana Broadcasting Corp | 01/17/2019 Ethiopian security forces have arrested 835 armed members of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), reports the state Fana Broadcasting Corp. The fighters were arrested in western Oromia, near the border with Benishangul Gumuz state, the military command responsible for preventing conflict between western Benishangul Gumuz and Oromia states said on Wednesday. The raid focused on OLF members believed to be behind a spate of crimes in western Oromia.  The OLF members were detained on charges of disturbing the peace, said the command.  The militants are also suspected of robbing local banks over the last several weeks, reported Africa News.  Police recovered four Bern machine guns, 61 Kalashnikov automatic rifles, 105 other rifles, eight pistols, nine trucks, two ambulances, five minibuses and 26 motorbikes, along with communications equipment and ammunition.  Public and private institutions have resumed services that were cut due to security concerns, the military said. The OLF says it fights for the rights of the Oromo people, who represent more than a third of Ethiopia's population.  
USA—Air Force Continues To Train Emirati Pilots For Yemen War  Yahoo News | 01/17/2019 The U.S. Air Force has been training Emirati pilots for combat operations in Yemen, according to service documents obtained by Yahoo News.  Emirati F-16 fighter jets have participated in combat exercises in the U.S. in preparation for missions in Yemen, according to the December 2017 documents obtained by the news website.  American forces also led other training specifically focused on the war in Yemen at the U.S. Air Force's Air Warfare Center at Al Dhafra Air Base in the United Arab Emirates.  The documents suggest the U.S. has not significantly reduced support for the Saudi-led coalition that is fighting Houthi rebels in Yemen.  In November 2018, the U.S. decided to end aerial fueling of coalition aircraft. Washington maintains that it has not provided any direct combat support and that assistance has not exceeded refueling services, targeting advice and weapons sales.  U.S. Central Command reiterated this stance in a statement to Yahoo.   
Syria—Exodus From ISIS-Held Territory Continues In Deir Ezzor  Syrian Observatory for Human Rights | 01/17/2019 About 2,200 people have left ISIS territory in Deir Ezzor province in eastern Syria as their towns are evacuated by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), reports the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.  Over a period of 24 hours, the group, mostly Iraqi women and children, left for territory controlled by the SDF, the U.K.-based monitoring group said on Wednesday.  About 180 suspected ISIS fighters were among the group.  Since Jan. 12, the SDF has dispatched buses to move people away from the front lines. About 5,300 people have been moved in this way, according to the observatory's estimates.  Around 20,700 people have left the ISIS enclave since early December.  Some have paid bribes in order to escape, with payments exceeding US$10,000.  Those leaving have been relocated to camps administered and overseen by the SDF.  The U.S.-backed SDF is in the midst of an operation to defeat ISIS in the area east of the Euphrates River, noted Agence France-Presse.
Mali—20 Killed In Suspected ISIS Attack In Menaka Region  Agence de Presse-Africaine | 01/17/2019 At least 20 people have been killed in an attack in central Mali, reports Agence de Presse Africaine. On Wednesday, gunmen on motorcycles attacked two Tuareg villages in the Menaka region near the border with Niger, said a spokesperson for the ethnic group. No group immediately claimed responsibility. The attack was likely committed by the Islamic State, which has been fighting with local Tuareg groups. The Menaka region has seen a rise in violence since 2018. The U.N.'s mission in Mali documented 100 cases of human-rights violations last year.  
North Korea—Top Nuclear Negotiator Heads To Washington  Korea Herald | 01/17/2019 North Korea's lead negotiator in denuclearization talks with the U.S. is headed to Washington, reports the Korea Herald. The Chinese Foreign Ministry confirmed on Wednesday that Kim Yong Chol, among other North Korean officials, will travel to Washington on Thursday. Kim is expected to spend at least two days in Washington, reported CNN. It is speculated that he will meet with U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to finalize details for a potential second meeting between President Trump and North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un. Kim Jong Un met with Chinese President Xi Jinping earlier this month, in what has been interpreted as a precursor to a second summit with Trump. Separately, the North Korean leader is set to make an official visit to Vietnam in February. The Vietnamese government has expressed interest in hosting a second summit between Kim and Trump, reported Reuters on Thursday. Hanoi has good relations with both sides and wants to host the talks to demonstrate its normalized ties with the United States, according to a Vietnamese government official.

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