Thursday, January 3, 2019

TheList 4894

The List 4894 TGB

To All,
I hope that your week has been going well.
. This Day In Naval History – January 3, 2019
Jan. 3
1904 - Marines from USS Dixie arrive in Panama.
1909—USS Scorpion arrives to help the survivors of the Messina, Sicily earthquake. With the Great White Fleet making its way through the Suez Canal, President T. Roosevelt orders the U.S. Navy to assist.
1943—USS Humboldt (AVP 21) rescues 10 survivors from the Philippines motor-ship Dona Aurora, which was sunk by Italian submarine Enrico Tazzol on Dec. 25, 1942.
1944—Marine Maj. Gregory Boyington is shot down by Japanese and taken prison of war.
1945—Task Force 38, under Vice Adm. John S. McCain, begins operations against Japanese airfields and shipping in the Formosa area, with aircraft sinking six enemy ships.
1945—USS Kingfish (SS 234) attacks a Japanese convoy in the Bonin Islands sinking a Japanese army cargo ship and two freighters 200 miles north of Chichi Jima.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Today's national headlines include coverage of the Presidents media Q&A session following his cabinet meeting yesterday and what to expect as new congressional members are sworn in today. USS Porter arrived in Aksaz, Turkey for a scheduled port visit. "The crew has been working very hard and this is a great opportunity for them to experience the cultural rich cities of Aksaz and Marmaris," said Cmdr. Craig Trent. Newport News Daily Press reported on the Navy's decision to pursue a block purchase of the third and fourth Gerald R. Ford-class carriers. Additionally, Seapower Magazine reports that the future USS Paul Ignatius successfully completed acceptance trails.
Today in History January 3

Martin Luther is excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church.

General George Washington defeats the British led by British General Lord Charles Cornwallis, at Princeton, New Jersey.

Delaware rejects a proposal that it join the South in seceding from the Union.

The Bulgarian government renounces the Treaty of Commerce tying it to the Austro-Hungarian empire.

The Social Democratic Congress in Germany demands universal suffrage.

Plans are announced for a new $150,000 Brooklyn stadium for the Trolley Dodgers baseball team.

Three armored Japanese cruisers are ordered to guard the Suez Canal.

The last of the U.S. troops depart France.

Italy halts the issuing of passports to those emigrating to the United States.

King Tutankhamen's sarcophagus is uncovered near Luxor, Egypt.

The second conference on Germany's war reparations begins at the Hague, in the Netherlands.

Hundreds of farmers storm a small town in depression-plagued Arkansas demanding food.

The Japanese take Shuangyashan, China, killing 500 Chinese.

President Harry S. Truman calls on Americans to spur Congress to act on the on-going labor crisis.

The British create the West Indies Federation with Lord Hailes as governor general.

Alaska is admitted into the Union as the 49th and largest state.

Fidel Castro takes command of the Cuban army.

The United States breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba.

Cambodia warns the United Nations of retaliation unless the United States and South Vietnam end intrusions.

Apple Computers incorporates.

North Vietnamese troops reportedly occupy 400 square miles in Cambodia. North Vietnamese Army (NVA) troops were using Laos and Cambodia as staging areas for attacks against allied forces.

President Ronald Reagan condemns a rash of arson attacks on abortion clinics.

Manuel Noriega, former leader of Panama, surrenders to US forces.

George H. W. Bush and Boris Yeltsin sign the second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START).

More than 7 million people receive South African citizenship that had previously been denied under Apartheid policies.

The first mobile flip phone, the Motorola StarTAC, goes on sale.

Mars Polar Lander launched.

The last original weekday Peanuts comic strip is published after a 50-year run, following the death of the strip's creator, Charles Schultz.
This week's Webpage of the Week is Enterprise (CV-6): The "Big E," recently published in the Notable Ships section of our website. This detailed page tells the story of World War II's most decorated battleship that earned 20 battle stars—three more than any other ship. Of the more than 20 major actions of the Pacific War, Enterprise engaged in all but two. Explore this page today, as it details her enemy engagements, notable people, action reports, and much, much more.
Thanks to Carl
Finally declassified: Swedish pilots awarded US Air Medals for saving SR-71 spy plane
December 30, 2018
Thanks to Craig …   what a great lady!!
Dr. Gladys West, The Black Woman Who Invented The GPS, Gets Honored By U.S. Air Force At The Pentagon
carmen_roxanna  December 22, 2018 News Leave a comment

Did you know that a black woman from Virginia was instrumental in creating a convenience we use every day and almost can't live without? Yes indeed, Dr. Gladys West invented the GPS or the Global Positioning System and has finally received the recognition she deserves by being inducted into the Air Force Space and Missile Pioneers Hall of Fame by the United States Air Force during a ceremony held at the Pentagon this week.
The 87-year-old scholar knew as a child that she did not want to work in fields, picking tobacco, corn, and cotton or in a factory, beating tobacco leaves for cigarettes and pipes like her parents did. She said, "I realized I had to get an education to get out." And that she did, studying math at #VirginiaState and graduating top of her class. She became a teacher for two years, then went back to school for her Masters. 
In 1956, West began to work at Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division, where she was the second black woman ever to be employed. There, she collected data from satellites, and that job is what eventually led to the development of the Global Positioning System. In 1986, West published "Data Processing System Specifications for the Geosat Satellite Radar Altimeter," a 60-page illustrated guide, which was based off data created from the radio altimeter on the Geosat satellite, which went into orbit on March 12, 1984. She worked at Dahlgren for 42 years and retired in 1998.
West's humble character is part of why many people were unaware of her role in the development of the device for decades. She said, "When you're working every day, you're not thinking, 'What impact is this going to have on the world?' You're thinking, 'I've got to get this right.'"
In 2017, Capt. Godfrey Weekes, the then-commanding officer at the Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division, described the "integral role" West played in a Black History Month message. He wrote, "She rose through the ranks, worked on the satellite geodesy [science that measures the size and shape of Earth] and contributed to the accuracy of GPS and the measurement of satellite data. As Gladys West started her career as a mathematician at Dahlgren in 1956, she likely had no idea that her work would impact the world for decades to come."
Congratulations to a "hidden figure," Dr. Gladys West! Thank you for your great contribution to science and your #BlackGirlMagic 
Interesting Stuff on Engine Oil Filters
- thanks to THE Bear - 
This is one I had not seen before. I used to go out of my way to buy Fram.....not after this.
Thanks to Dutch R
NASA clears Dream Chaser spaceplane for full production
10 hours ago
Sierra Nevada Corporation is picking up the pace in its mission to carry cargo to and from the International Space Station using a next-generation spaceplane, with NASA giving its Dream Chaser vehicle the all clear following a design and performance review. This means the vehicle will now move into full production, with the developers hopeful of using it to ship goods to the orbiting laboratory within two years. The development of the Dream Chaser space plane has been pretty eventful so far, with its first ever glide and test flight leaving the spacecraft upside down on the airstrip after its landing gear failed to deploy correctly. This led to a total refurbishment of the unmanned, reusable orbital vehicle, and then its first successful glide flight and landing in November 2017, some four years later.
NASA awarded Sierra Nevada's Dream Chaser one of three private contracts to deliver cargo to the ISS in 2016, with SpaceX's Dragon and Orbital ATK's Cygnus the other two recipients. Under NASA's CRS-2 contract the Dream Chaser will carry out at least six missions to the ISS, but it will work a little differently to its two fellow awardees.The Dream Chaser is the only spacecraft of the three that is capable of runway landings, and is, at least theoretically, able to land at any large-scale commercial airport in the world. This particular capability has seen the Dream Chaser project draw strong interest from other space organizations, along with the UN. Designed to be optionally piloted with autonomous launch, flight and landing capabilities, each Dream Chaser spaceplane is expected to be reused at least 15 times and be able to carry 5,500 kg (12,100 lb) of cargo to the space station each time. This could be basic but essential supplies like food and water, along with more delicate loads such as scientific samples. It can also retrieve up to 3,400 kg ( around 7,400 lb) of waste from the space station each time it departs before disposing of it by burning it up in the atmosphere.
As part of its preparation for these journeys, NASA's Integration Review 4 (IR4) had experts from the space agency and Sierra Nevada take a comprehensive look at the Dream Chaser design and how it performs with various components integrated into the vehicle. This led them to conclude that the space plane was ready to move into full-scale production.
"We are one step closer to the Dream Chaser spacecraft's first orbital flight," says Sierra Nevada CEO Fatih Ozmen. "This comprehensive review approved moving the Dream Chaser program into the production phase so we can get Dream Chaser to market as a critical space station resupply spacecraft as soon as possible. IR4 was a series of reviews, documentation, and data deliverables that are the culmination of many years of design work, analysis and development testing."
According to Sierra Nevada, a lot of the various components of the orbital vehicle have already been built, such as the thermal protection system tiles and avionics hardware, and the NASA approval now clears the way for these to be integrated into the vehicle at the company's facility in Louisville. Now moving onto full-scale production of the uncrewed Dream Chaser Plane and its cargo module, the company expects the spacecraft to start servicing the ISS in late 2020.
The development of the Dream Chaser space plane has been pretty eventful so far, with its first ever glide and test flight leaving the spacecraft upside down on the airstrip after its landing gear ...
Thanks to Dr. Rich…..Some really neat items here.  Look at the movie and TV items for 2019
The year in science and technology ...
Worth subscribing to … at least one fascinating story every day …
As the curtain falls on 2018, it's time for a final look back at some of the most significant, captivating, inspiring and downright weird stories that made headlines in the world of science and technology. Thanks for reading New Atlas throughout the year - we wish you all a safe and happy 2019!
When it comes to space travel, and space in genera​l, 2018 has been a busy year. It was one marked by remarkable technological firsts, dramatic incidents, and new milestones set. Oh, and space champagne. So, let's look back on the highlights of the year in space, 2018.  Read more
How we store that energy is a constant work in progress, and while scientists are making important but incremental advances with inventive new materials, others are out to entirely reinvent what we think of as a battery. Here are five of the most innovative examples from 2018.  Read more
Another year is winding up, so it's time to look back at the scientific breakthroughs that excited us this year. From innovative new materials that open the door to more advanced tools and products, to discoveries that continue to push the borders of human knowledge, 2018 didn't fail to deliver.   Read more
From alien architecture to neon water reflections, the last 12 months have delivered a stunning array of photographic treats. To celebrate the new year we have hand-picked a collection of the most mind-bending, sublime, and spectacular photographs we've been treated to in 2018.   Read more
Science is amazing, but sometimes scientists do get a little niche in their studies. Here is a list of the weirdest science stories we came across this year, from twerking robots to bizarre snail-to-snail memory transference and a fountain-of-youth sarcophagus conspiracy that sums up 2018.   Read more
In 2018 we witnessed developments that pave the way for a future where AI systems could heal us, harm us, or even teach us. Here are the highlights from a fascinating year of advances in artificial intelligence.   Read more
If you are a fan of weird futurist sci-fi then the next twelve months promise a huge array of amazing new film and television. Here are our picks for the most anticipated future visions of 2019, on both big and small screens.   Read more
Every now and then, an invention comes along that makes us wonder how we ever lived without it – but those are in the minority. New Atlas rounds up the weirdest and wackiest inventions that left us scratching our heads this year.   Read more
The camera world didn't offer up a whole lot of big surprises in 2018. The trends that became clear in 2017 were taken to new heights, with big sensor mirrorless rigs taking center stage, putting medium format and full frame horsepower into ever smaller and lighter bodies.   Read more
Thanks to  Rob……Does this really have some basis in fact?
The new American way of life
For a guy and his girlfriend with two kids, all you have to do is follow these proven steps:
 1 Don't marry her!
 2. Always use your mom's address to get your mail.
 3. The guy buys a house.
 4. The guy rents out a house to his girlfriend with his two kids.
 5. Section 8 will pay $900 a month for a 3 bedroom home.
 6. Girlfriend signs up for Obamacare, so the guy doesn't have to pay for family insurance.
 7. Girlfriend gets to go to college for free for being a single mother.
 8. Girlfriend gets $600 a month for food stamps.
 9. Girlfriend gets a free cell phone.
         10. Girlfriend gets free utilities.
         11. The guy moves into the home but continues to use mom's address for his mail.
         12. Girlfriend claims one kid and guy claims the other kid on their tax forms. Now both get to claim head of household at $1800 credit.
         13. Girlfriend gets $1800 a month disability for having a "bad back" and never has to work again.
  This plan is perfectly legal and is being executed now by millions of people!
 A married couple with a stay-at-home mom yields $0 dollars.
 An unmarried couple with a stay-at-home mom nets $21,600 disability + $10,800 free housing + $6,000 free Obamacare + $6,000 free food
 + $4,800 free utilities + $6,000 Pell grant money to spend + $12,000 a year in college tuition free from Pell grant + $8,800 tax benefit for being
 a single mother = $75,000 a year in benefits!
  Any idea why our country is over $20 trillion in debt and half the population is sitting around letting the other half pay their way?

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