Friday, December 14, 2018

TheList 4882

The List 4882 TGB

To All,
I hope that you all have a great weekend. 10 days to Christmas and one more weekend after this one.
This day in Naval History
Dec. 14
1814—Under the command of Commodore Thomas Catesby Jones, U.S. gunboats, along with Sea Horse and Alligator, engage the British during the Battle of Lake Borgne, LA. Though the American flotilla is defeated, the engagement delays the British attack on New Orleans for nine days, buying precious time for Gen. Andrew Jackson's successful defense of New Orleans.
1911—USS California (ACR 6) breaks a red, white, and blue ribbon stretched across a Hawaiian channel to become the first ship to call on Pearl Harbor after it becomes a naval base.
1944—The rank of Fleet Admiral (five-star admiral) of the U.S. Navy is established during World War II due to the rapid build-up of U.S. military forces. The first five-star admirals are: William D. Leahy, Ernest J. King, and Chester W. Nimitz. Adm. William F. Halsey joined the selected group Dec. 11, 1945.
1944—Task Force 38 aircraft begins the attack on Japanese transport Oryoku Maru which, unbeknownst to the Task Force, is carrying approximately 1,600 Allied prisoners of war. The following day, the ship is sunk at Subic Bay.
Dec. 15
1845—Yorktown captures the slaver Panther off Kabenda, Africa. Previously that September, Yorktown also captured the slavers Pons and Patuxent.
1944—USS Hawkbill (SS 366) sinks the Japanese destroyer Momo west of Luzon.
1944—The invasion of Mindoro Island, Philippines begins. During the battle, USS LST 738 is hit by a Japanese kamikaze plane and set ablaze. After attempts to control the fires are unsuccessful, LST-738 is sunk by the guns of other ships of the invasion fleet. USS LST 472 is also hit by the kamikaze attack and sinks six days later.
1965—Gemini 6 is launched, making 16 orbits in 25 hours and 51 minutes. Capt. Walter M. Schirra is command pilot and Thomas P. Stafford is pilot.
1988—Operation Earnest Will ends in the Persian Gulf. U.S. Navy ships escorted reflagged Kuwaiti tankers and approximately 270 neutral ships and tankers to protect them from missile attacks and mines laid during the Iran-Iraq War. 
Dec. 16
1821—Lt. Robert F. Stockton and Dr. Eli Ayers, a naval surgeon and member of American Colonizing Society, persuade a local African king to sell territory for a colony that becomes the Republic of Liberia.
1907—The Great White Fleet departs Hampton Roads, VA to circumnavigate the world in 14 months, a journey of 43,000 miles that included 20 port calls across six continents. Fourteen thousand Sailors and Marines participated in the voyage, leaving a lasting legacy at home and abroad.
1922—Lt. Cmdr. Walter A. Edwards, commanding USS Bainbridge (DD 246), leads the rescue of 482 passengers from the burning French transport Vinh-Long by placing his destroyer in dangerous positions to ensure the passengers could disembark, despite a series of explosions. He later brings them to Constantinople. For his leadership and heroism, Edwards receives the Medal of Honor.
1944—USS Swordfish (SS 193) attacks a Japanese convoy south of Hainan Island and sinks Japanese army transport Atsutasan Maru.
1998—In Operation Desert Fox, Navy cruise missiles attack Iraq to degrade Saddam Hussein's ability to make and use weapons of mass destruction. 
2017—The Freedom variant littoral combat ship USS Little Rock (LCS 9) is commissioned in a ceremony at the Canalside waterfront in Buffalo, New York. It is the second warship named for the Arkansas state capital and is commissioned alongside the first USS Little Rock (CL 92), which serves as a museum at the Buffalo and Erie County Naval and Military Park.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
In national news headlines today, media are reporting that the Department of Homeland Security reiterated the dangers of illegal border crossing and expressed "sincerest condolences" yesterday after reports that a 7-year-old girl died last week, and that the U.S. Department of Education announced yesterday it would automatically cancel $150 million in student loans connected to for-profit colleges that closed in recent years. The John C. Stennis Carrier Strike Group and the Essex Amphibious Ready Group started integrated operations in the Arabian Sea on Wednesday to support operations in Afghanistan reports USNI News. "Carrier strike groups and amphibious ready groups are inherently flexible maneuver forces, and these high-end integrated operations illustrate our commitment to the Central Region and demonstrate our ability to deliver naval combat power at a time and place of our choosing," said Vice Adm. Jim Malloy. Under Secretary Thomas Modly recently completed a three-day partnership building visit to Norway. Additionally, the future USS St. Louis is set to be christened in a ceremony in Marinette, Wisconsin on Saturday.
Today in History December 14
George Washington dies on his Mount Vernon estate.
Alabama is admitted as the 22nd state, making 11 slave states and 11 free states.
Prince Albert of England, one of the Union's strongest advocates, dies.
Confederate General James Longstreet attacks Union troops at Bean's Station, Tenn.
Max Planck presents the quantum theory at the Physics Society in Berlin.
The first U1 submarine is brought into service in Germany. Italy's MAS torpedo boats.
The first truly representative Turkish Parliament opens.
The Labor Conference in Pittsburgh ends with a "declaration of war" on U.S. Steel.
Roald Amundsen and four others discover the South Pole.
The League of Nations creates a credit system to aid Europe.
The League of Nations drops the Soviet Union from its membership. Joseph Avenol sold out the League of Nations.
German Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel orders the construction of defensive positions along the European coastline. Desperate Hours on Omaha Beach
The United Nations adopt a disarmament resolution prohibiting the A-Bomb.
Bulgarian ex-Premier Traicho Kostov is sentenced to die for treason in Sofia.
A U.S. Boeing B-52 bomber sets a 10,000-mile non-stop record without refueling.
NATO warns the Soviets to stay out of the internal affairs of Poland, saying that intervention would effectively destroy the détente between the East and West.
Israel's Knesset passes the Golan Heights Law, extending Israeli law to the Golan Heights area.
Construction begins on China's Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River.
The Dayton Agreement signed in Paris; establishes a general framework for ending the Bosnian War between Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Tens of thousands die as a result of flash floods caused by torrential rains in Vargas, Venezuela.
Pervez Musharraf, President of Pakistan, narrowly escapes and assassination attempt.
The Millau Viaduct, the world's tallest bridge, official opens near Millau, France.
Iraqi broadcast journalist Muntadhar al-Zaidi throws his shoes at US President George W. Bush during a press conference in Baghdad.
At Sandy Hook Elementary School, Newtown, Conn., 20 children and six adults are shot to death by a 20-year-old gunman who then commits suicide.
Admiral James "Ace" Lyons, USN, Ret. USNA 1952 Passed on 12 Dec at age 91Hand Salute!!!
14 Dec 2018 0630
Ed:  Thanks to Elaine Donnelly and Andy Combes
Admiral James "Ace" Lyons, USN, Ret. USNA 1952 Passed on 12 Dec at age 91
I've learned of the passing of Admiral James "Ace" Lyons, USN(Ret), on 12 December 2018. Admiral Lyons passed away peacefully at Fauquier Hospital in Warrenton, VA.
Andy Combe
Hello Friends,
Yesterday the family of longtime friend Adm. James "Ace" Lyons, USNA '52, announced that he had passed away peacefully at age 91.  His military service and burial will be at the Naval Academy – details to be released later.
Adm. Lyons was a fierce promoter of honor and integrity in the military.  As a regular columnist for the Washington Times and other publications, he wrote constantly in defense of sound policies that he knew were best for men and women in uniform.  Confronting threats from all directions, including Islamist terrorism, he was a guardian of peace through strength in a dangerous world.  He was always supportive of CMR and our mission, and I will miss him greatly.
Several tributes to Adm. Lyons are below.
One of the great moments of clarity Admiral Ace Lyons shared with me, and anyone else who would listen, was this: "You must understand," said Lyons, "Islam is a totalitarian ideology bent on ...
Joseph John, USNA '62
Chair, Combat Vets for Congress PAC
We were informed earlier today, that Admiral James A. Lyons, Jr., USNA '52, USN (Ret); age 91, passed away peacefully at Fauquier Hospital in Warrenton, VA. Admiral Lyons Served in the U.S. Navy for thirty-six years as a Surface Warfare Officer, including as Commander in Chief of the US Pacific Fleet, Senior US Military Representative to the United Nations, and Deputy Chief of Naval Operations.  Details of the military funeral service to be conducted at the US Naval Academy Chapel, followed by internment in the US Naval Academy Cemetery in Annapolis, MD will be published  when details are finalized.
This past November 1, 2018, Admiral Lyons informed me of his profound sadness at the loss of his wife of 66 years, Renee, who passed away that morning; my wife and I had first met Renee Lyons 52 years ago.    
In January 1967, as a then Navy Lieutenant, I reported for duty to my new Commanding Officer,  Cdr James Lyons, USN, as his Weapons Department Head aboard his Ship, the USS Charles S Sperry (DD-697); we deployed to the Middle east during the "Six Day War."  Over the ensuing years, we maintained our friendship, then Rear Admiral Lyons invited me to meet with him in Washington, when in Charge of the Saudi Naval Expansion Program.  In May 1986, I reported to Admiral Lyons for duty, when he was Commander-in Chief, US Pacific Fleet, as the Commanding Officer, COMUSFACSUBICBAYDET 119, in support of the US Naval Commander Philippines to assist in improving defenses against NPA Terrorists threatening US military personnel. From May 1986 thru September 1988, I regularly travelled from the Philippines to Admiral Lyons Headquarters at Pearl Harbor to report directly to him on the improvement in security.         
thanks to Doctor Rich 
Thanks to YP …
So, the wind is blowing 40 mph, the snow is going by sideways, and it's 17 degrees…Time for a duck joke.
A duck walks into a bar and orders a beer and a sandwich.
The bartender looks at him and says, "But you're a duck."
"I see your eyes are working," replies the duck.
"And you talk!" exclaims the bartender.
"I see your ears are working," says the duck, "Now can I have my beer and my sandwich, please?"
"Certainly," says the bartender, "sorry about that, it's just we don't get many ducks in this pub. What are you doing round this way?"
"I'm working on the building site across the road," explains the duck.
So the duck drinks his beer, eats his sandwich, pays and leaves. This continues for 2 weeks. Then one day the circus comes to town. The ringleader of the circus comes into the pub and the bartender tells him about the incredible talking duck.
"Marvelous!" says the ringleader, "get him to come see me."
So the next day, the duck comes into the pub. The bartender says, "Hey, Mr. Duck, I lined you up with a top job paying really good money!"
"Yeah?" says the duck, "Sounds great, where is it?"
"At the circus" says the bartender.
"The circus?" the duck enquiries.
"That's right," replies the bartender.
"The circus? That place with the big tent? With all the animals? With the big canvas roof with the hole in the middle?" asks the duck.
"That's right!" says the bartender.
The duck looks confused and asks: "What on earth do they want with a carpenter?"
Thanks to Robert
 The 68th Anniversary of the Korean War "Chosin Few".....The Tootsie Roll Marines 

On November 26, 1950, 10,000 men of the First Marine Division, along with elements of two Army regimental combat teams, a detachment of British Royal Marine commandos and some South Korean policemenwere completely surrounded by over ten divisions of Chinese troops in rugged mountains near the Chosin Reservoir. Chairman Mao himself had ordered the Marines annihilated, anChinese General Song Shi-Lun gave it his best shot, throwing human waves of his 120,000 soldiers against the heavily outnumbered allied forces. A massive cold front blew in from Siberia, and with it, the coldest winter in recorded Korean history. For the encircled allies at the Chosin Reservoir, daytime temperatures averaged five degrees below zero, while nights plunged to minus 35 and lower.
Jeep batteries froze and split. C-rations ran dangerously low and the cans were frozen solid. Fuel could not be spared to thaw them. If truck engines stopped, their fuel lines froze. Automatic weapons wouldn't cycle. Morphine syrettes had to be thawed in a medical corpsman's mouth before they could be injected. Precious bottles of blood plasma were frozen and useless. Resupply could only come by air, and that was spotty and erratic because of the foul weather.
High Command virtually wrote them off, believing their situation was hopeless. Washington braced for imminent news of slaughter and defeat. Retreat was hardly an option; not through that wall of Chinese troops. If the Marines defended, they would be wiped out So they formed a 12-mile long column and attacked.
There were 78 miles of narrow, crumbling, steeply-angled road and 100,000 Chinese soldiers between the Marines and the sea at Hungnam. Both sides fought savagely for every inch of it. The march out became one monstrous, moving battle.
The Chinese used the ravines between ridges, protected from rifle fire, to marshal their forces between attacks. The Marines' 60-millimeter mortars, capable of delivering high, arcing fire over the ridgelines, breaking up those human waves, became perhaps the most valuable weapon the Marines had. But their supply of mortar rounds was quickly depleted. Emergency requests for resupply were sent by radio, using code words for specific items. The code for 60mm mortar ammo was "Tootsie Rolls"but the radio operator receiving that urgent request didn't have the Marines' code sheets. All he knew was that the request came from command authority, it was extremely urgent and there were tons of Tootsie Rolls at supply bases in Japan.
Tootsie Rolls had been issued with other rations to US troops since World War I, earning preferred status because they held up so well to heat, cold and rough handling compared to other candies.
Tearing through the clouds and fog, parachutes bearing pallet-loads of Tootsie Rolls descended on the Marines. After initial shocked reactions, the freezing, starving troops rejoiced. Frozen Tootsies were thawed in armpits, popped in mouths, and their sugar provided instant energy. For many, Tootsie Rolls were their only nourishment for days. The troops also learned they could use warmed Tootsie Rolls to plug bullet holes in fuel drums, gas tanks, cans and radiators, where they would freeze solid again, sealing the leaks.
Over two weeks of unspeakable misery, movement and murderous fighting, the 15,000-man column suffered 3,000 killed in action, 6,000 wounded and thousands of severe frostbite cases. But they reached the sea, demolishing several Chinese divisions in the process. Hundreds credited their very survival to Tootsie Rolls. Surviving Marines called themselves "The Chosin Few," and among themselves, another name: The Tootsie Roll Marines. Join me in sharing their story and some Tootsie Rolls.
thanks to Tam 
State Trooper Stops Suspicious 'US Mail' Truck, Discovers Enough Fentanyl To Kill 25 Million People!
Nebraska State Trooper Sam Mortensen was honored by President Donald Trump in October for his role in one of the largest seizures of fentanyl in United States history, according to the Lincoln Journal Star.
Mortensen discovered over a hundred pounds of the deadly drug in the back of a mail truck in April.
"Trooper Mortensen seized 118 pounds of fentanyl, enough lethal doses to kill 26 million people," the president said at the ceremony. "Is that even believable? Can you even imagine? Trooper Mortensen, that was a job well done."
Mortensen found the drugs after he noticed a truck marked "U.S. Mail" driving erratically. After stopping the vehicle, Mortensen found 42 brick-shaped packages of fentanyl behind a plastic panel with mismatched bolts.
The two drivers were arrested, and the fentanyl was confiscated.
Fentanyl is such a lethal drug that even trace amounts — the equivalent of few grains of salt — could be lethal, according to Bloomberg.
The drug is often imported from China, but as trade with that country endures increased scrutiny, suppliers looking to meet demand are expected to begin making more in the United States.
"There's never been a drug like fentanyl before," said Josh Bloom, senior director of chemical and pharmaceutical research at the American Council on Science and Health. "For street drugs, this absolutely destroys anything else in terms of lethality and danger."
Fentanyl is often mixed with heroin but is 50 times more potent. A similar but even stronger substance than fentanyl, called carfentanil, is used as an elephant tranquilizer, according to Bloomberg.
Do you think there's a drug crisis in the U.S.?
Michael Morell, the former acting director of the Central Intelligence Agency under President Barack Obama, called the drug a "weapon of mass destruction," according to Bloomberg.
Particular caution must be used in dealing with the drug, as even contact with the skin can be fatal. Law enforcement officers and first responders have become seriously ill after coming in contact with the drug on their skin or clothing, Bloomberg reported.
Furthermore, the medication that's commonly used in drug overdoes, known as Narcan, is only effective to counter fentanyl if used multiple times.
According to the government's drug abuse database, national overdose deaths in the United States connected to synthetic opioids, primarily fentanyl and excluding pain relievers, has exploded over the past five years.
In 2013, the deaths credited to Fentanyl and similar synthetic opioids were less than 5,000. In 2017, it's estimated that the same drugs were responsible for over 29,000 deaths.
Roger Crystal, chief executive officer of Opiant Pharmaceuticals Inc., a company with a potential contract to produce a single-dose antidote, said he thinks fentanyl production in the United States will increase in the near future.
"It doesn't take much more than a half-competent chemist to be able to manufacture it," Crystal said, according to Bloomberg. "And it's cheaper to manufacture than heroin."
"Because we're in a fentanyl crisis, there's more fentanyl around, and for that reason, the ability to get hold of it and getting it into the wrong hands isn't that hard."
We are committed to truth and accuracy in all of our journalism. Read our editorial standards.
thanks to Doctor Rich 
Pretty amazing … as are most things Burt has been involved with over the years!!
The attachment below shows the 8 people who were awarded Astronaut status by the US Air Force by flying above 50 miles, but NOT reaching space which is internationally recognized as 100 KM (62.137 miles).  Of these eight, only Joe Walker later (July 1963) flew the X-15 above 100 KM, thus meeting the FAI Criteria for flying above the atmosphere.
After today's SS2 flight, SpaceShipOne remains the only non-government vehicle to fly humans to space.
On Dec 13, 2018, at 10:04 AM, Brent Silver <> wrote:
Virgin Galactic's spaceplane finally makes it to space for the first time
'SpaceShipTwo, welcome to space'
At long last, space tourism venture Virgin Galactic has sent a vehicle into space. Early Thursday morning, the company's passenger spaceplane, the VSS Unity, ignited its rocket engine longer than ever before over the Mojave Desert, soaring above the 50-mile boundary that the Air Force defines as the beginning of space. This is the first time Virgin Galactic has crossed that line in its 14-year journey to give paying customers a taste of spaceflight.
Virgin Galactic has been gearing up for this moment since it first debuted the VSS Unity in 2016. The company slowly progressed through the vehicle's test flight program, first conducting unpowered glide flights with the spaceplane and then doing short powered flights by igniting VSS Unity's rocket engine. Prior to today, the highest the vehicle had climbed was just over 32 miles (52 kilometers), but this morning, the plane flew to 51.4 miles (82.7 kilometers), reaching a top seed of Mach 2.9, or 2.9 times the speed of sound. The company claims it may be able to go even higher. To get to today's height, the vehicle ignited its onboard engine for a total of 60 seconds, but the hardware can supposedly burn for even longer than that.
All of this extensive testing will help to certify that the VSS Unity is safe to carry passengers. Virgin Galactic's ultimate goal is to use the spaceplane to send paying customers to the edge of space where they can experience a few minutes of weightlessness. Unlike other spacecraft, which are launched from the ground, the VSS Unity's route to space is unique. The plane is carried to an altitude of around 45,000 feet by a larger dual-cabin carrier aircraft called WhiteKnightTwo. From there, the VSS Unity drops and ignites its engine in order to fly to its peak altitude. Eventually, the engine will shut off, and those on board will experience space before the plane heads back to Earth to perform a runway landing.
The company claims to have already sold hundreds of tickets for the experience at $250,000 a piece. Many celebrities, including Ashton Kutcher and Tom Hanks, say they have a spot to fly on the vehicle. However, Virgin Galactic's customers have been waiting a very long time to board a flight.
Originally, founder Richard Branson claimed the company would be in space as early as 2009 using Virgin Galactic's first spaceplane, the VSS Enterprise. The vehicle never made it that far; it only reached an altitude of about 13.6 miles. In 2014, the VSS Enterprise was destroyed in the middle of a powered flight test in a tragic accident that led to the death of one of the vehicle's two pilots.
With today's test, the company has finally made good on its promise to get to space. But that also depends on what metric you use for where space begins. While NASA and the US Air Force give astronaut wings to anyone that surpasses 50 miles (80 kilometers), other organizations such as the World Air Sports Federation or Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) use 62 miles (100 kilometers) as the altitude where space begins. However, the FAI says it is considering changing the definition based on new research presented by researchers such as Harvard astronomer Jonathan McDowell.
For those that do consider today's test a spaceflight, the feat marks a big milestone for the US. The last time anyone launched to space from American soil was in 2011, with the last flight of NASA's Space Shuttle. Since then, NASA astronauts have all been launching to space on Russian Soyuz rockets from Kazakhstan, and no crewed launches have taken place from the US. But VSS Unity's two co-pilots, Mark "Forger" Stucky and C.J. Sturckow, have tentatively broken that dry spell. However, some milestones still remain unconquered in the American effort to return to crewed launches. The pair did not make it into orbit, as the VSS Unity is only a suborbital vehicle.
Also on board today's flight were four test payloads from NASA. The space agency selected Virgin Galactic to carry research as part of the NASA's Flight Opportunities Program, an initiative through which commercial companies help NASA do research using suborbital vehicles. Virgin Galactic also noted that the payloads helped to distribute weight on the spaceplane, which helped to simulate what it might be like when people are on board.
While making it to space has been a long-held goal for Virgin Galactic, the company still plans to do more testing with VSS Unity before customers will start flying on the plane. More powered flights are planned as part of the first phase of testing, which is being done out of Virgin Galactic's facility at the Mojave Air and Space Port. Once that testing is done, the company will move into the next phase, called "cabin testing." That's when employees will go through the procedures they plan to use during commercial flights, such as how they'll get passengers in and out of their seats. Eventually, VSS Unity will move to its new home at Spaceport America in New Mexico where commercial flights will take place.
It's unclear how exactly that timeline will play out, but with today's flight, it seems Virgin Galactic's first phase of testing is proceeding as planned.
'SpaceShipTwo, welcome to space' Read the full story

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