Tuesday, December 4, 2018

TheList 4874

The List 4874 TGB

To All,
I hope that your week has started well.
This day in Naval History
Dec. 4
1918—President Woodrow Wilson sails aboard the transport George Washington for the Paris Peace Conference.
1943—TBF aircraft from USS Lexington (CV 16), USS Independence (CVL 22), and USS Yorktown (CV 10) attack Kwajalein Atoll and sink the Japanese vessels Asakaze Maru, Tateyama Maru, Takunan Maru, and Mikuni Maru.
1944—USS Flasher (SS 249) sinks Japanese destroyer Kishinami and damages a merchant ship in the South China Sea. Flasher is the only U.S. submarine to sink more than 100,000 tons of enemy shipping in World War II.
1950—While serving with VF-32 from USS Leyte (CV 32) during the Korean War, Lt. j.g. Thomas J. Hudner crash-lands his plane near the Chosin reservoir in an effort to rescue Ensign Jesse L. Brown, another VF-32 pilot whose plane had been shot down. Hudner is awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions.
1965—Gemini 7 is launched. The mission's command pilot is Air Force Maj. Frank F. Borman and the pilot is Lt. Cmdr. James A. Lovell. This flight consists of 206 orbits at an altitude of 327 km and lasts 13 days and 18 hours.
1998—USS Donald Cook (DDG 75) is commissioned at Philadelphia, PA. The ship is named in honor of the late Marine Corps Colonel Donald G. Cook, who was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for heroism in Vietnam while held as prisoner for three years by the Viet Cong. 
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Today's top national headlines include President George H.W. Bush's journey to Washington to lie state in the Capitol Rotunda, ongoing trade negotiations between the United States and China, and recent tweets from President Trump regarding potential sentencing terms for his former personal lawyer, Michael Cohen. USS John C. Stennis will arrive in the Middle East within the next few days, ending the longest period in two decades without a carrier in the region reports the Wall Street Journal. The Stennis will spend the majority of its time in the Persian Gulf, providing a deterrence against hostile Iranian activity and supporting the war against remnants of ISIS. South China Morning Post reports that China has stepped up naval patrols of the western part of the Taiwan Strait in response to increased U.S. naval presence in the region. Additionally, USNI News reports that Vice Adm. James Malloy has arrived at Naval Support Activity Bahrain following the death of Vice Adm. Scott Stearney.
Today in History
December 4
With the death of his brother Carloman, Charlemagne becomes sole ruler of the Frankish Empire.
The U.S. Senate, voting 36 to 0, expels Senator John C. Brekinridge of Kentucky because of his joining the Confederate Army.
Queen Victoria of Britain forbids the export of gunpowder, firearms and all materials for their production.
Winchester, Va., falls into Union hands, resulting in the capture of 145 Southern soldiers.
Seven solid days of bombardment ends at Charleston, S.C. The Union fires some 1,307 rounds.
The U.S. brigantine Marie Celeste is found adrift and deserted with its cargo intact, in the Atlantic Ocean between the Azores and Portugal.
The French National Assembly, successor to the States-General, rejects Nationalist General Mercier's proposal to plan an invasion of England.
The first Seaplane Unit formed by the German Navy officially comes into existence and begins operations from Zeebrugge, Belgium.
France cancels trade treaties in order to compete in the postwar economic battles.
Operation Taifun (Typhoon), which was launched by the German armies on October 2, 1941, as a prelude to taking Moscow, is halted because of freezing temperatures and lack of serviceable aircraft.
U.S. planes make the first raids on Naples, Italy.
Tennessee William's play A Streetcar Named Desire premieres on Broadway starring Marlon Brando and Jessica Tandy.
The University of Tennessee defies court rulings by rejecting five Negro applicants.
The Grumman XS2F-1 makes its first flight.
Peking pardons Pu Yi, ex-emperor of China and of the Japanese puppet-state of Manchukuo.
President Ronald Reagan broadens the power of the CIA by allowing spying in the United States.
Robert McFarland resigns as National Security Advisor. Admiral John Poindexter is named to succeed.
The last American hostages held in Lebanon are released.
US Pres. George H. W. Bush orders 28,000 troops to Somalia during the Somali Civil War.
Pence's eulogy
Thanks to Scout
I just watched this and if you watch it to the end you'll see why I sent it to you Naval Aviators. Well done.
Thanks to Mike
The Test for DENSA

You've heard of MENSA, the group for geniuses with IQ's of 140 and above? Well, this test is similar, it's from DENSA. It's a lot more fun. Give it a try: Take this quiz, if you dare, and see how you compare.

Write down or remember your answers and DON'T CHEAT!!!!! Good luck!

Do they have a 4th of July in England? (Yes/No)

How many birthdays does the average man have?

Some months have 31 days; some months have 30. How many have 28 days?

How many outs are there in an inning?

Is it legal for a man in California to marry his widow's sister? (Yes/No)

Divide 30 by 1/2 and add 10, what is the answer?

If there are 3 apples and you take away 2, how many do you have?

A doctor gives you three pills telling you to take one every half an hour. How many minutes will the pills last?

A farmer has 17 sheep, and all but 9 die. How many are left?

How many animals of each sex did Moses take on the ark?

A clerk in the butcher shop is 5' 10" tall. What does he weigh?

How many two cent stamps are there in a dozen?
A plane crashes on the Canadian - US border. In which country you bury the survivors?

What is the least amount of coins it takes to make 55 cents if one of the coins is a quarter?
The Densa Test, Your Evaluation
*Give yourself one point for each correct answer.

Is there a Fourth of July in England?
Yes, it comes after the third of July.

How many birthdays does the average man have?
Just one. Mine is in Jan.

Some months have 31 days; how many have 28?
All twelve months have 28 days.

How many outs are there in an inning?
6, three per side!

Is it legal for a man in California to marry his widow's sister?
No - because he is dead!

Divide 30 by 1/2 and add 10. What is the answer?
70 (30 divided by 1/2 equals 60!)

If there are 3 apples and you take away 2, how many do you have?
2. You took them, remember?

A doctor gives you three pills telling you to take one every half hour. How many minutes would the pills last?
60 minutes. Start with the 1st pill, 30 minutes later take the 2nd, then 30 minutes after that take the 3rd. The effects of the pills may last longer than 60 minutes.

A farmer has 17 sheep, and all but 9 die. How many are left?
9, since all but 9 die.

How many animals of each sex did Moses take on the ark?
None. It wasn't Moses on the ark. It was Noah.

A clerk in the butcher shop is 5' 10" tall. What does he weigh?
A clerk in a butcher shop weighs meat!

How many two cent stamps are there in a dozen?
There are 12 two cent stamps in a dozen, just like there are 12 of anything else in a dozen.

A plane crashes on the Canadian - US border. In which country you bury the survivors?
The survivors would probably rather wait until they die to be buried.

What is the least amount of coins it takes to make 55 cents if one of the coins is a quarter?
Three coins. One is a quarter, another is a quarter, and there's also a nickel.

Add Your Score... How did you do?
Correct Answers: DENSA Rating
13-14: Genius
10-12: Above Normal
7-9: Normal
4-6: Slow
1-3: Idiot
None: Brain dead
Thanks to Dutch….I had never heard of this
I am sure all those cooking fires must have produced so much carbon dioxide/monoxide that all that ice melted and the water rushed in - or the land subsided - ?
Thriving plateau region that slipped beneath North Sea 8,000 years ago reveals its secrets
By Tom Metcalfe Live Science Contributor | LiveScience
Doggerland, a plateau of land between England and the Netherlands, was once full of life before it sank beneath what is now the North Sea roughly 8,000 years ago. Archaeologists now hope to find out what the vast landscape looked like before it slipped beneath the water so long ago.
A vast plateau of land between England and the Netherlands was once full of life before it sank beneath what is now the North Sea some 8,000 years ago. Archaeologists now hope to find out what the vast landscape looked like before it slipped beneath the salty water so long ago.
To do this, they've hauled up cores of sediment from the bottom of the North Sea in an area called Doggerland. It's named for the shoal called Dogger Bank in the southern part of the North Sea, which in turn is named for a type of medieval Dutch fishing boat called a dogger. The land became ice-free about 12,000 years ago, after the end of the last ice age..
More recently, about 8,000 years ago, the plateau of land between what is now the east of England and the Netherlands was flooded by the sea. This brought an end to the forests and animal life that had colonized the region from other parts of Europe, including early human communities. [See Images of a Treasure Trove Found Beneath North Sea]
The chief marine geoarchaeologist for Wessex Archaeology, Claire Mellett, said that 10 of the sediment cores taken by an offshore wind-farm developer from the North Sea contained ancient deposits of peat. This organic material can form only in marshes on land.
Those cores are now being studied for clues about the flooded region. This research includes studies of ancient pollen grains and other microscopic fossils contained in the peat samples, which would reveal details of the landscape and climate of Doggerland before it sank.
Wind farm finds
The latest sediment cores were taken from the Norfolk Boreas site, a wind farm about 45 miles (72 kilometers) from the shore at its nearest point that covers 280 square miles (725 square km). Mellett said that the sediment cores containing ancient peat deposits covered a fairly wide area of around 32 square miles (85 square km) of the flooded Doggerland region. This was the first time that sediment cores covering such a wide area were recovered from the underwater region, she said
The researchers cross-referenced the core locations with remotely sensed images of the seafloor where the samples were taken, which could show the hidden structure of the flooded landscape.
"The remote sensing provides us an image of the seabed, but no physical material — so when we get the cores, that gives us the actual evidence," Mellett told Live Science.
"We can see where the old rivers are. We can see the peat lands, and we can see the extent of them, so we know how big they are. We're essentially reconstructing the geography of the North Sea around 10,000 years ago," she said.
Flooded landscape
The peat deposits were particularly important because they contain an environmental record of the changing landscape and climate of the area, spanning from about 12,000 to 8,000 years ago, Mellett explained. [30 of the World's Most Valuable Treasures That Are Still Missing]
"Not only is the peat hard evidence of a former land surface, [but] it [also] has excellent preservation of microscopic fossils — and that is what gives us the information to reconstruct climate, sea levels and what trees were growing in the area," she said.
"We also look at things like microscopic charcoal, so we can see when there has been a big burning event. We don't know whether that burning was driven by humans or whether it was a natural forest fire, but we can all see all that within these peat deposits," she said.
Some human remains — including part of an ancient skull and several human artifacts, like fragments of stone tools — have been recovered by fishing and dredging operations in the parts of the North Sea that cover the flooded Doggerland region.
The work being done by Wessex Archaeology could help scientists find more potential sites of early human habitation in Doggerland, Mellett said.
"Our ultimate endgame will be to produce maps of the area at different time periods, so we'll do one for just after the ice age. We expect it will be quite a sparse landscape without many trees, a bit like Arctic Canada today.
"And then, the trees start to come back as the climate warms. We know that the woodland was quite open and that there were wide areas where we had marshlands growing, so we'll do another reconstruction for that."
Finally, she said, "we can see when the sea level starts to rise and the area floods. And then you get drowning of the area. You get tidal creeks, and you get bits of coastline."
One of the lasting mysteries of Doggerland is just how quickly the region flooded, and the sediment studies by Mellett and her colleagues will try to answer that question.
"The life span of the people at this time was about 30 years, so [even] if sea level was rising, they probably wouldn't have been able to observe it," Mellett said. "But in geological history, it's one of the fastest-rising sea levels that we've ever experienced."
It might have taken only a few centuries for Doggerland to go from a forested plateau to being completely covered by the sea: "[it was] less than 1,000 years, and it might be closer to 500 years," she said.
Item Number:1 Date: 12/04/2018 AFGHANISTAN - POLICE CHIEF IN NORTH KILLED IN TALIBAN ATTACK (DEC 04/PAJH)  PAJHWOK AFGHAN NEWS -- A district police chief in Afghanistan's northern Sar-e-Pul province, has been killed in a Taliban attack, reports the Pajhwok Afghan News.   The militants attacked several checkpoints in the Sayyad district late Monday, said district officials.   The fighters overran some checkpoints but were pushed back after six hours of fighting, the officials said.   Casualty counts varied. Pajhwok reported that five members of the security forces and seven Taliban militants were killed in the fighting. The governor of Sar-e-Pul told Tolo News (Afghanistan) that 13 Taliban were killed.   The security situation in the district continues to be unstable, said the officials.  
 Item Number:2 Date: 12/04/2018 ALBANIA - NAVY RESCUES 84 MIGRANTS IN AEGEAN SEA (DEC 04/XIN)  XINHUA -- The Albanian navy has rescued 84 migrants in the Aegean Sea, reports Xinhua, China's state-run news agency.   The Lissus patrol vessel carried out two separate rescue operations, rescuing 39 migrants on Saturday and 45 on Sunday, said the Albanian Ministry of Defense.   Among those recused on Sunday were 28 Afghans, 10 Iraqis, five Syrians and an Egyptian.   In July, the Lissus began a six-month deployment in the Aegean Sea in support of NATO's Operation Sea Guardian, which is designed to increase security in the central Mediterranean. The Lissus replaced her sister ship Butrint on the mission, noted a ministry release at the time.  
  Item Number:3 Date: 12/04/2018 BURKINA FASO - 6 ATTACKERS KILLED IN ATTEMPTED AMBUSH OF GENDARMERIE PATROL IN EAST (DEC 04/DEFPOST)  DEFENSE POST -- Six militants have been killed and a Burkinabe police officer wounded following an attack on a security patrol in eastern Burkina Faso, reports the Defense Post.   On Monday, a patrol team with the Fada N'Gourma territorial gendarmerie brigade was ambushed during a reconnaissance and arrest mission in the village of Bougui, according to an unnamed security source cited by Agence France-Presse.   After the patrol's lead vehicle was disabled by the militants, the gendarmerie returned fire, killing four of the attackers. Two other alleged terrorists who had been previously arrested were killed in the firefight while handcuffed in the vehicle. One officer was injured in the foot.   Four Kalashnikov rifles and four magazines were recovered from the scene, said a local official.   Separately, four police officers and a civilian were killed on Friday when a gendarmerie convoy escorting local gold miners struck an improvised explosive device near the town of Boungou.  
  Item Number:4 Date: 12/04/2018 DEM REP OF CONGO - 18 KILLED IN LATEST FIGHTING IN S. KIVU (DEC 04/TV360)  TV 360 -- At least 18 people have been killed in fresh clashes between the army and rebels in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, reports TV 360 (Nigeria).   On Monday, four soldiers and 14 rebels, loyal to a renegade former general opposed to President Joseph Kabila, were killed when fighting erupted in the Fizi region of the South Kivu province, said military sources.   An army spokesman told Agence France-Presse that 12 rebels were killed, including a deputy commander known as Alida. Three soldiers drowned in a river during the fighting, he said.   Several sources claimed that the militia is allied to rebels of the National Liberation Front based in neighboring Burundi.   Ethnic clashes have been on the rise in the DRC as the nation prepares for a long-delayed presidential election on Dec. 23. If successful, the election would be the first peaceful transition of power since 1960
Item Number:7 Date: 12/04/2018 INDONESIA - SECURITY FORCES INVESTIGATING REPORTS OF SEPARATIST KILLINGS IN PAPUA PROVINCE (DEC 04/REU)  REUTERS -- Indonesian security forces say they are investigating allegations that a separatist group killed 24 construction workers in the eastern Papua province, reports Reuters.   A priest in the area informed officials of the alleged attack on workers from the PT Istaka Karya construction company in the province's Yigi district, a military spokesman said on Tuesday.   More than 150 military and police personnel are traveling to the site on foot, said a police spokesman.   Reports indicated that Papuan separatists killed the workers on Dec. 1, said the spokesman. One of the workers apparently took a photo of independence celebrations, which angered the group and led to the killings.   Some Papuans regard the day as a holiday marking their independence from Dutch rule. About 500 Papuans were detained across the country for staging rallies to commemorate the event, reported Tempo.com.   On Tuesday, Public Works Minister Budi Hadimuljono told reporters that all infrastructure work in the area would be suspended, reported Agence France-Presse. He also said that 31 construction workers had been reportedly killed.   Jakarta has stepped up infrastructure work in Papua to accelerate development and link remote parts of the province.   Papua was incorporated in Indonesia following a controversial referendum in 1969. Attacks by separatist groups have been an ongoing concern.  
  Item Number:8 Date: 12/04/2018 ISRAEL - OPERATION UNDERWAY TO DESTROY HEZBOLLAH TUNNELS (DEC 04/TOI)  TIMES OF ISRAEL -- The Israeli military has begun an operation to destroy tunnels built by the Hezbollah militant group to conduct attacks in Israel, reports the Times of Israel.   On Monday, the military declared the community of Metulla in northern Israel a closed military zone and began sweeping the area. The military did not issue an evacuation notice.   The tunnels were not operationally ready but violated U.N. Security Council Resolution 1701, which ended the 2006 war with Hezbollah, said the Israel Defense Forces (IDF).   Images showed a variety of construction equipment in the area near the border wall with Lebanon, which was built in 2015 to prevent incursions, reported Reuters.   On Tuesday, the IDF published photos of the first tunnel. The tunnel was 6.5 feet (2 m) tall by 6.5 feet (2 m) wide and 650 feet (200 m) long, reaching 130 feet (40 m) into Israeli territory. The excavation included electrical and communication lines as well as ventilation, the IDF said.   Additional troops have been deployed to the area but reservists have not been called up, said the military.   Initial activities are limited to Israeli territory, but tunnels in Lebanon may also be destroyed, said an IDF spokesman.   The IDF launched a task force in 2014 to investigate Hezbollah tunnels in the area after residents complained of the sounds of underground construction.  
  Item Number:9 Date: 12/04/2018 ITALY - AIR FORCE DECLARES INITIAL OPERATIONAL CAPABILITY FOR F-35S (DEC 04/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The Italian air force says it has reached initial capability with its F-35 fighter jets, reports Defense News.   Gen. Alberto Rosso, the air force chief, announced the milestone on Nov. 30 following the completion of the latest 10-country Tactical Leadership Program at Amendola Air Base in southern Italy.   Italy is the first European operator to achieve initial operational capability.   Italy has taken delivery of 11 F-35s so far, including 10 conventional F-35As and one F-35B short-takeoff and vertical landing (STOVL) variant. Three of the aircraft, including the F-35B, are used for training in the U.S. The Italian fleet has flown for more than 2,000 hours.   Italy waited for the Block 3F software to come online before declaring IOC. The U.S. Marine Corps declared IOC with Block 3i -- which enabled the use of AIM-120 AMRAAM missiles and GBU-12 and GBU-31 munitions. Block 3F also allows the use of the GAU-22/A Gatling gun and the GBU-39/B Small Diameter Bomb.   Rome previously indicated that it would order a total of 60 F-35As and 30 F-35Bs. The new government, which came to power in June, said it expected to purchase six or seven of the stealth fighters over the next five years, instead of the planned 10. The administration has not clarified how the slowdown would affect the overall acquisition numbers over the long term
  Item Number:12 Date: 12/04/2018 UNITED KINGDOM - NEW SATELLITE NAVIGATION SYSTEM EYED AFTER WITHDRAWAL FROM GALILEO PROGRAM (DEC 04/UKGOV)  BRITISH GOVERNMENT -- British Prime Minister Theresa May says the U.K. will not use the European Union's Galileo satellite navigation system for defense or critical national infrastructure following after its anticipated withdrawal from the E.U. early next year.   The U.K. Space Agency (UKSA), in partnership with the Ministry of Defense, is working to develop an alternative global navigation satellite system that can help guide military drones, run energy networks and provide essential services for civilian smartphones, May said in a release on Saturday.   The system would provide both open and encrypted signals similar to the Galileo and would be compatible with the U.S. Global Positioning System (GPS). The latter would allow each system to back up the other should one come under attack.   Over 50 British companies have expressed interest in the project and a series of key contracts are now being tendered, the release said.   British armed forces were slated to gain access to the Galileo's encrypted system when it becomes fully operational in 2026.   Earlier this year, London accused the E.U. of restricting British businesses from being fully involved in the development of the Galileo system prior to its departure from the bloc in March 2019, noted Reuters.   The E.U. argued that its rules prohibit the sharing of sensitive security information with outside countries.   The U.K. National Cybersecurity Center and Ministry of Defense concluded that it would not be in the country's security interest to use the system if it had not been fully involved in development.   In August, the government announced that it had allocated 92 million pounds (US$117 million) for creating its own satellite system
  Item Number:13 Date: 12/04/2018 USA - 4TH SOLDIER DIES FROM INJURIES IN AFGHAN BOMBING (DEC 04/ARMY)  ARMY TIMES -- A fourth U.S. servicemember has died as a result of a roadside bombing in Afghanistan in late November, reports the Army Times.   Army Sgt. Jason McClary, 24, passed away on Monday as a result of wounds sustained in the Nov. 27 attack, the Defense Dept. said.   He had been receiving treatment at the Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Germany.   Sgt. McClary was assigned to the 1st Battalion, 38th Infantry Regiment, 1st Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division, Fort Carson, Colo.   McClary, who previously received two Purple Hearts, had been in Afghanistan since April and served in Iraq for the latter half of 2016.   Three others were killed and four wounded in the attack outside of Ghazni City in central Afghanistan
Item Number:14 Date: 12/04/2018 USA - CARRIER STRIKE GROUP RETURNS TO MIDDLE EAST (DEC 04/WSJ)  WALL STREET JOURNAL -- A U.S. Navy carrier strike group will soon arrive in the Middle East, reports the Wall Street Journal.   The John C. Stennis Carrier Strike Group is scheduled to reach the region by the end of the week, officials said.   The deployment ends an eight-month absence of U.S. aircraft carriers in the region after USS Theodore Roosevelt left in March.   The Stennis will spend most of its time in the Persian Gulf in an effort to deter belligerent Iranian activity, said an official.   The Iranian regime has warned against any provocations and threatened to close the Strait of Hormuz.   Tensions between Tehran and Washington increased on Dec. 1 after Iran tested what U.S. officials said were medium-range ballistic missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads.  
  Item Number:15 Date: 12/04/2018 USA - NAVY SEEKS TO USE MARINE BACTERIA TO DETECT ENEMY SUBS (DEC 04/D1)  DEFENSE ONE -- The U.S. Dept. of Defense is looking to genetically engineer marine microorganisms to detect enemy submarines, reports Defense One.   The Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) is working to genetically engineer abundant sea organisms to react to specific substances left by enemy vessels, divers and equipment such as metals, fuel exhaust, human DNA or other molecules not found naturally in the environment, researchers said during a biotechnology forum hosted by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) last month.   The modified microbes would produce an electrical signal when encountering a particular molecule in the environment. This signal could then be picked up by an autonomous vehicle, the researchers said.   Scientists believe the research is about a year away from providing concrete evidence that reactions can be engineered that would be useful for the military.   The U.S. military, particularly the Navy, is investing heavily in synthetic biology, including biotechnology as a form of sensing, to better compete with China, which has a robust synthetic biology program, Adm. John Richardson, the chief of naval operations, said at the forum.   "[The Navy] recently stood up Task Force Ocean, which is about getting us back into a competitive stance in terms of ocean science," Richardson said.   The Applied Research for the Advancement of Science and Technology Priorities Program on Synthetic Biology for Military Environments, backed by the Air Force, Army and Navy, has also been awarded nearly US$45 million to research engineering genetic responses in organisms for a variety of military roles.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 12/04/2018 YEMEN - DEAL REACHED WITH HOUTHIS TO EXCHANGE PRISONERS (DEC 04/ALJAZ)  AL JAZEERA -- The internationally-recognized government of Yemen says it has reached a major prisoner exchange agreement with the Houthi rebels, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar).   On Tuesday, Yemeni Foreign Ministry Khaled Yamani said the deal was the culmination of eight to nine months of negotiations.   Martin Griffiths, the U.N. special envoy for Yemen, said the Saudi-led coalition and Yemeni government had signed on to the prisoner exchange accord that the Houthis agreed to in November.   This is the third agreed prisoner exchange since the Saudi-led coalition joined the conflict three years ago.   Between 1,500 to 2,000 pro-government personnel and 1,000 to 1,500 Houthis are covered by the agreement, a government official told Agence France-Presse.   The exchange could include high-profile individuals held by the rebels, including the former defense minister and a nephew of President Abed Rabbu Hadi Mansour, an analyst at the Sanaa Center for Strategic Studies told the news website.   The breakthrough comes as the two sides are expected to head to Sweden on Wednesday for talks to end the conflict. 

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