Monday, November 26, 2018

The List 4868

The List 4868

To All,

I hope you all had a great and happy Thanksgiving with your families. Packing and heading home today with thousands of my closest friends.



This Day in Naval History

Nov. 26

1776—During the American Revolution, the Continental sloop Independence, commanded by Capt. John Young, captures the British merchant ship Sam with $20,000 in coin aboard.

1847—Lt. William Lynch, in the ship-rigged sailing vessel Supply, sails from New York to Haifa for an expedition to the River Jordan and the Dead Sea.

1863—The side-wheel steamship James Adger, commanded by Cmdr. F.H. Patterson, seizes British blockade runner Ella off Masonboro.

1864—The Sassacus class "double-ender" steam gunboat Metacomet, commanded by Lt. Cmdr. J.E. Jouett, captures Confederate blockade runner steamer Susanna in the Gulf of Mexico off Campeche Banks. Half her cargo of cotton is thrown overboard in the chase.

1941—Under the greatest secrecy, the Japanese armada, commanded by Vice Adm. Chuichi Nagumo, leaves Japan to attack the U.S. Navy at Pearl Harbor Dec. 7, 1941. The armada includes all six of Japan's first-line aircraft carriers.

1941—USS Bonhomme Richard (CV 31) is commissioned.

1951—During the Korean War, Rear Adm. R.E. Libby relieves Rear Adm. Arleigh Burke as the United Nations delegate to the Panmunjom Peace Talks.

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:
Top national headlines include the reported use of tear gas on migrants at the southern U.S. border, growing calls for a congressional investigation into the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, and a continued slide in the stock market. The Ukrainian Navy claims that the Russian military attacked and seized several of its ships while they were attempting to transit the Kerch Strait reports the New York Times. The Washington Post reported on the USS Ronald Reagan's port call in Hong Kong and efforts to counteract China's territorial expansion in the South China Sea.

Today in History

November 26


Louis XIV declares war on the Netherlands.


A congress of colonial leaders criticizes British influence in the colonies and affirms their right to "Life, liberty and property."


George Washington proclaims this a National Thanksgiving Day in honor of the new Constitution. This date was later used to set the date for Thanksgiving.


Napoleon Bonaparte's army begins crossing the Berezina River over two hastily constructed bridges.


The Kappa Alpha Society, the second American college Greek-letter fraternity, is founded.


The first National Thanksgiving is celebrated.


The Hope diamond is brought to New York.


The Duma lends its support to the Czar in St. Petersburg, who claims he has renounced autocracy.


The Bolsheviks offer an armistice between Russian and the Central Powers.


Lord Carnarvon and Howard Carter, archeologists, open King Tut's tomb, undisturbed for 3,000 years.


Poland renews its nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union to protect against a German invasion.


The Soviet Union charges Finland with an artillery attack on its border.


The Japanese fleet departs from the Kuril Islands en route to its attack on Pearl Harbor.


France expels 19 Soviet citizens, charging them with intervention in internal affairs.


India becomes a sovereign democratic republic.


North Korean and Chinese troops halt a UN offensive.


President Dwight Eisenhower suffers a minor stroke.


Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme is found guilty of an attempt on President Gerald Ford's life.


Oil deposits equaling OPEC reserves are found in Venezuela.


Yasuhiro Nakasone is elected the 71st Japanese prime minister.


At London's Heathrow Airport, almost 6,800 gold bars worth nearly £26 million are stolen from a Brinks-MAT vault.


Tony Blair becomes the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to address the Republic of Ireland's parliament.


Republican candidate George W. Bush is certified the winner of Florida's electoral votes, giving him enough electoral votes to defeat Democrat Al Gore Jr. for the US presidency, despite losing the popular vote.


NATO forces in Afghanistan attack a Pakistani checkpost in a friendly fire incident, killing 24 soldiers and wounding 13 others.


Thanks to Carl….Lots of good info if you are interested.

Top Destination Sites for Health and Wellness

by Dr. Joseph Mercola November 23, 2018


Add to this the science reports of similar climate changes that followed the Krakatoa eruption in 1883

Let's talk about 'global warming', shall we ??


Why 536 was 'the worst year to be alive'

By Ann GibbonsNov. 15, 2018 , 2:00 PM

Ask medieval historian Michael McCormick what year was the worst to be alive, and he's got an answer: "536." Not 1349, when the Black Death wiped out half of Europe. Not 1918, when the flu killed 50 million to 100 million people, mostly young adults. But 536. In Europe, "It was the beginning of one of the worst periods to be alive, if not the worst year," says McCormick, a historian and archaeologist who chairs the Harvard University Initiative for the Science of the Human Past.

A mysterious fog plunged Europe, the Middle East, and parts of Asia into darkness, day and night—for 18 months. "For the sun gave forth its light without brightness, like the moon, during the whole year," wrote Byzantine historian Procopius. Temperatures in the summer of 536 fell 1.5°C to 2.5°C, initiating the coldest decade in the past 2300 years. Snow fell that summer in China; crops failed; people starved. The Irish chronicles record "a failure of bread from the years 536–539." Then, in 541, bubonic plague struck the Roman port of Pelusium, in Egypt. What came to be called the Plague of Justinian spread rapidly, wiping out one-third to one-half of the population of the eastern Roman Empire and hastening its collapse, McCormick says.

Historians have long known that the middle of the sixth century was a dark hour in what used to be called the Dark Ages, but the source of the mysterious clouds has long been a puzzle. Now, an ultraprecise analysis of ice from a Swiss glacier by a team led by McCormick and glaciologist Paul Mayewski at the Climate Change Institute of The University of Maine (UM) in Orono has fingered a culprit. At a workshop at Harvard this week, the team reported that a cataclysmic volcanic eruption in Iceland spewed ash across the Northern Hemisphere early in 536. Two other massive eruptions followed, in 540 and 547. The repeated blows, followed by plague, plunged Europe into economic stagnation that lasted until 640, when another signal in the ice—a spike in airborne lead—marks a resurgence of silver mining, as the team reports in Antiquity this week.

To Kyle Harper, provost and a medieval and Roman historian at The University of Oklahoma in Norman, the detailed log of natural disasters and human pollution frozen into the ice "give us a new kind of record for understanding the concatenation of human and natural causes that led to the fall of the Roman Empire—and the earliest stirrings of this new medieval economy."

Ever since tree ring studies in the 1990s suggested the summers around the year 540 were unusually cold, researchers have hunted for the cause. Three years ago polar ice cores from Greenland and Antarctica yielded a clue. When a volcano erupts, it spews sulfur, bismuth, and other substances high into the atmosphere, where they form an aerosol veil that reflects the sun's light back into space, cooling the planet. By matching the ice record of these chemical traces with tree ring records of climate, a team led by Michael Sigl, now of the University of Bern, found that nearly every unusually cold summer over the past 2500 years was preceded by a volcanic eruption. A massive eruption—perhaps in North America, the team suggested—stood out in late 535 or early 536; another followed in 540. Sigl's team concluded that the double blow explained the prolonged dark and cold.

Mayewski and his interdisciplinary team decided to look for the same eruptions in an ice core drilled in 2013 in the Colle Gnifetti Glacier in the Swiss Alps. The 72-meter-long core entombs more than 2000 years of fallout from volcanoes, Saharan dust storms, and human activities smack in the center of Europe. The team deciphered this record using a new ultra–high-resolution method, in which a laser carves 120-micron slivers of ice, representing just a few days or weeks of snowfall, along the length of the core. Each of the samples—some 50,000 from each meter of the core—is analyzed for about a dozen elements. The approach enabled the team to pinpoint storms, volcanic eruptions, and lead pollution down to the month or even less, going back 2000 years, says UM volcanologist Andrei Kurbatov.

Darkest hours and then a dawn

A high-resolution ice core record combined with historical texts chronicles the impact of natural disasters on European society.

In ice from the spring of 536, UM graduate student Laura Hartman found two microscopic particles of volcanic glass. By bombarding the shards with x-rays to determine their chemical fingerprint, she and Kurbatov found that they closely matched glass particles found earlier in lakes and peat bogs in Europe and in a Greenland ice core. Those particles in turn resembled volcanic rocks from Iceland. The chemical similarities convince geoscientist David Lowe of The University of Waikato in Hamilton, New Zealand, who says the particles in the Swiss ice core likely came from the same Icelandic volcano. But Sigl says more evidence is needed to convince him that the eruption was in Iceland rather than North America.

Either way, the winds and weather systems in 536 must have been just right to guide the eruption plume southeast across Europe and, later, into Asia, casting a chilly pall as the volcanic fog "rolled through," Kurbatov says. The next step is to try to find more particles from this volcano in lakes in Europe and Iceland, in order to confirm its location in Iceland and tease out why it was so devastating.

A century later, after several more eruptions, the ice record signals better news: the lead spike in 640. Silver was smelted from lead ore, so the lead is a sign that the precious metal was in demand in an economy rebounding from the blow a century before, says archaeologist Christopher Loveluck of the University of Nottingham in the United Kingdom. A second lead peak, in 660, marks a major infusion of silver into the emergent medieval economy. It suggests gold had become scarce as trade increased, forcing a shift to silver as the monetary standard, Loveluck and his colleagues write in Antiquity. "It shows the rise of the merchant class for the first time," he says.

Still later, the ice is a window into another dark period. Lead vanished from the air during the Black Death from 1349 to 1353, revealing an economy that had again ground to a halt. "We've entered a new era with this ability to integrate ultra–high-resolution environmental records with similarly high resolution historical records," Loveluck says. "It's a real game changer."

Thanks to Steve….Evacuation Day


Thanks to Al

Monday Morning Humor--Thanksgiving Wrap Up

12 Reasons to Be Thankful You Burnt the Bird!

Salmonella won't be a concern.
Everyone will think your turkey is Cajun blackened.
Uninvited guests will think twice next year.
Your cheese broccoli lima bean casserole will gain newfound appreciation.
Pets won't bother to pester you for scraps.
No one will overeat.
The smoke alarm was due for a test.
Carving the bird will provide a good cardiovascular workout.
You'll get to the desserts even quicker.
After dinner, the guys can take the bird to the yard and play football.
The less turkey Uncle You-Know-Who eats, the less likely he will be to walk around with his pants unbuttoned.
You won't have to face three weeks of turkey sandwiches.

Did you eat too much on Thanksgiving? Here's how you can tell...

Hundreds of volunteers started to stack sandbags around you.
Doctor tells you your weight would be perfect for a man 17 feet tall.
You are responsible for a slight but measurable shift in the earth's axis.
Right this minute you're laughing up pie on the carpet.
You decide to take a little nap and wake up in mid-July.
World's fattest man sends you a telegram, warning you to "back off!"
Getting off your couch requires help from the fire department.
Every escalator you step on immediately grinds to a halt.
You're sweatin' gravy.

When I was a young turkey, new to the coop,
My big brother Mike took me out on the stoop,

Then he sat me down, and he spoke real slow,

And he told me there was something that I had to know;

His look and his tone I will always remember,
When he told me of the horrors of ..... Black November;

"Come about August, now listen to me,

Each day you'll be thick, where once you were thin,

And you'll grow a big rubbery thing under your chin.
"And then one morning, when you're warm in your bed,

In'll burst the farmer's wife, and hack off your head;

"Then she'll pluck out all your feathers so you're bald'n pink,

And scoop out all your insides and leave ya lyin' in the sink,
"And then comes the worst part" he said not bluffing,

"She'll spread your cheeks and pack your rear with stuffing".

Well, the rest of his words were too grim to repeat,

I sat on the stoop like a winged piece of meat,
And decided on the spot that to avoid being cooked,

I'd have to lay low and remain overlooked;

I began a new diet of nuts and granola,

High-roughage salads, juice and diet cola,
And as they ate pastries, chocolates and crepes,

I stayed in my room doing Jane Fonda tapes,

I maintained my weight of two pounds and a half,

And tried not to notice when the bigger birds laughed;
But 'twas I who was laughing, under my breath,

As they chomped and they chewed, ever closer to death;

And sure enough when Black November rolled around,

I was the last turkey left in the entire compound;
So now I'm a pet in the farmer's wife's lap;
I haven't a worry, so I eat and I nap,
She held me today, while sewing and humming,
And smiled at me and said "Christmas is coming........"

Did you see any of these Thanksgiving-themed movies this weekend?

To Kill a Walking Bird
My Best Friend's Dressing
Thighs Wide Shut
The Texas Coleslaw Massacre
The Fabulous Baster Boys
12 Hungry Men
Silence of the Yams
For Love of the Game Hen
I Know What You Ate Last Winter
All the President's Menu
White Meat Can't Jump
When Harry Met Salad
The Wing and I

A professional NFL team, the Philadelphia Eagles, had just finished their daily practice session when a large turkey came strutting onto the field. While the players gazed in amazement, the turkey walked up to the head coach and demanded to be given a chance to play at tight end.
Everyone stared in silence as the turkey caught pass after pass and ran right through the defensive line. When the turkey returned to the sidelines, the coach shouted, "You're superb. Sign up for the season, and I'll see to it that you get a huge bonus."
"Forget the bonus," replied the turkey, "What I want to know is, does your season go past Thanksgiving Day?"

Wishing you a week of recovery,


Thanks to Richard

Subject: Millennial Intellectual....


Roe vs. Wade

A blonde in her fourth freshman year at UT while sitting in her U.S. Government Class, was asked by her professor if she knew what the Roe vs. Wade decision was about.

She sat for quite a while pondering this very profound question, finally sighed, and answered, "I think that is the decision George Washington made prior to crossing the Delaware!"


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