Monday, November 12, 2018

TheList 4854

The List 4854 TGB
To All,
I hope that you all have a great Veteran's Day weekend.
This day in Naval History
Nov. 9
1822—The brig Alligator, commanded by Lt. William H. Allen, recaptures several merchant ships from pirates off Matanzas, Cuba, but Allen dies in battle. Boats from Alligator capture all the pirate vessels except one schooner that manages to escape.
1863—During the Civil War, the side wheel steamer James Adger, commanded by Cmdr. Thomas H. Patterson, captures blockade runner Robert E. Lee off Cape Lookout, Shoals, NC.
1921—USS Olympia (C 6) arrives at the Washington Navy Yard from France carrying the body of the Unknown Soldier of World War I for interment at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia.
1944—USS Barbero (SS 317) attacks a Japanese convoy and sinks the merchant ship Shimotsu Maru about 250 miles west of Manila while USS Queenfish (SS 393) also attacks a Japanese convoy and sinks the gunboat Chojusan Maru about 50 miles west of Kyushu. Additionally, on this date, USS Haddo (SS 255) sinks the Japanese tanker No.2 Hishu Maru in Mindoro Strait.
1950—Task Force 77 makes its first attack on the Yalu River bridges. In the first engagement between MIG-15 and F9F jets, Lt. Cmdr. William T. Amen, commanding officer of VF-111, based on board USS Philippine Sea (CV 47), shoots down a MiG and becomes the first Navy pilot to shoot down a jet aircraft.
1956—Secretary of the Navy Charles S. Thomas proposes the Polaris missile program to Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson. 
Nov. 10
1775— Congress votes to raise two battalions of Continental Marines, establishing the Marine Corps.
1863—During the Civil War, CSS Alabama captures and burns clipper ship Winged Racer carrying a cargo of sugar, hides, and jute in the Straits of Sunda off Java.
1943—PB4Y-1 patrol bombers from VB-103, VB-105, and VB-110, along with British aircraft, sink the German submarine U-966 in the Bay of Biscay off northwest Spain. Spanish fishing trawlers rescue the survivors.
1958—The first permanent Marine aviation detachment afloat is activated aboard USS Boxer (CVS 21) to provide supply, maintenance, and flight deck control functions necessary to support the operations of Marine helicopter squadrons.
1959—USS Triton (SSRN 586) is commissioned as a nuclear-powered radar picket submarine.
Nov. 11
1861—Thaddeus Lowe conducts an aerial observation of Confederate positions from balloon boat G.W. Parke Custis. This observation paves the way for the Navy's present effective use of the air as an element of sea power.
1870—The Navy expedition to explore the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Southern Mexico, commanded by Capt. Robert W. Shufeldt, enters the Coatzacoalcos River to begin a survey for a possible inter-oceanic canal. Support is provided by the gunboat Kansas and the screw tug Mayflower.
1918—Fighting ceases on the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" when an armistice is signed between Germany and the Allied nations, regarding this day as the end of World War I. In November 1919, President Wilson proclaimed Nov. 11 as the first commemoration of Armistice Day.
1920—Lenah S. Higbee becomes the first woman to be awarded the Navy Cross for her service as a nurse in World War I. Named in her honor, USS Higbee (DD 806) is commissioned in 1945 and is the first U.S. Navy combat ship to bear the name of a female member of U.S. Navy service. USS Lenah H. Sutcliffe Higbee (DDG 123) was named June 14, 2016.
1943—Task Force 38 and Task Group 50.3 attack Japanese shipping at Rabaul, where the Japanese destroyer Suzunami is sunk and damage is inflicted to enemy destroyers Naganami, Urakaze, and Wakatsuki. This raid is the first use of SB2C Curtiss Helldivers in combat.
1966—Gemini 12 is launched with former aviator Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin and Cmdr. James A. Lovell, Jr., the command pilot. The mission lasts three days, 22 hours, and 34 minutes and includes 59 orbits at an altitude of 162.7 nautical miles. Recovery is done by HS-11 helicopter from USS Wasp (CVS 18). 
1981—USS Ohio (SSBN 726) is commissioned.
2017—The USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76), USS Nimitz (CVN 68), and USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) strike groups conducted a three-carrier strike force exercise in the Western Pacific. The strike force worked together in international waters in order to demonstrate the U.S. Navy's unique capability to operate multiple carrier strike groups as a single, coordinated combat-ready force.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
In national news today, dominating the headlines is continued reporting on the shooting that occurred in California late Wednesday after a gunman fatally shot 12 people at a bar before dying of a gunshot wound himself.  Speaking at the annual aviation CMC/SEL symposium Vice Adm. DeWolfe H. Miller III recognized the importance of Navy spouses to aviation readiness. "You have a profound impact on our Sailors and their families We are in a great power competition.  The habit patterns that you teach your Sailors, and the resilience you provide for our families will kick in when we go into a high-end fight," said Miller. USNI News reports that following recent missile tube flaws in the Columbia-class submarine, the Navy is taking a more proactive approach to oversite of venders and components to prevent delays. Additionally, during the Navy Submarine League's annual symposium, Rear Adm. John Tammen stated that National Defense and National Security strategies are guiding the acquisition strategy of undersea warfare programs.
Today in History November 9

Napoleon Bonaparte participates in a coup and declares himself dictator of France.

The first U.S. Post Office in California opens in San Francisco at Clay and Pike streets. At the time there are only about 15,000 European settlers living in the state.

Russia completes its occupation of Manchuria.

President Theodore Roosevelt leaves Washington, D.C., for a 17-day trip to Panama and Puerto Rico, becoming the first president to make an official visit outside of the United States.

The Australian light cruiser HMAS Sydney wrecks the German cruiser Emden, forcing her to beach on a reef on North Keeling Island in the Indian Ocean.

Germany is proclaimed a republic as the kaiser abdicates and flees to the Netherlands.

Japanese troops invade Shanghai, China.

Nazis kill 35 Jews, arrest thousands and destroy Jewish synagogues, homes and stores throughout Germany. The event becomes known as Kristallnacht, the night of the shattered glass.

Roger Allen LaPorte, a 22-year-old former seminarian and a member of the Catholic worker movement, immolates himself at the United Nations in New York City in protest of the Vietnam War.

Nine Northeastern states and parts of Canada go dark in the worst power failure in history, when a switch at a station near Niagara Falls fails.

NASA launches Apollo 4 into orbit with the first successful test of a Saturn V rocket.

Bones discovered by the Leakeys push human origins back 1 million years.

Alfred Heineken, beer brewer from Amsterdam, is kidnapped and held for a ransom of more than $10 million.

The Berlin Wall is opened after dividing the city for 28 years.

Stari Most, a 427-year-old bridge in the city of Mostar in Bosnia and Herzegovina, is destroyed, believed to be caused by artillery fire from Bosnian Croat forces.

The chemical element Darmstadtium, a radioactive synthetic element, discovered by scientists in Darmstadt, Germany.

Largest civil settlement in US history: 37 brokerage houses are ordered to pay $1.3 billion to NASDAQ investors to compensate for price fixing.

German Bundestag passes controversial bill mandating storage of citizens' telecommunications traffic date for six months without probable cause.

Operation Torch at 75: FDR and the Domestic Politics of the North African Invasion
(WAR ON THE ROCKS 8 NOV 17)…Carrie Lee
Wednesday, Nov. 8 marks the 75th anniversary of the North Africa landings by Allied forces during World War II. The 1942 landings, which constituted America's first operation fighting Germans in the European theater, protected assets and territory around the Mediterranean and served as the launching point for the Sicilian and Italian invasions the following year.
What many do not appreciate is that U.S. military guidance at the time advocated against the landings. The joint chiefs were overruled by President Franklin D Roosevelt, who was concerned about the domestic political implications of delaying an invasion after the November congressional elections.  Archival evidence from the Roosevelt Presidential Library, Secretary of War Henry Stimson's diaries, and oral histories given by Army Chief of Staff George Marshall reveal that domestic political priorities shaped—in fact, drove—the American president's decision-making about military operations in 1942.
Read the rest here
H-022-5: Battle of Vella Lavella—The Last Japanese Victory, 6–7 October 1943

Samuel J. Cox, Director NHHC
October 2018 
On the night of 6-7 October 1943, a force of three U.S. destroyers attacked nine Japanese destroyers northwest of the island of Vella Lavella in the central Solomons. Despite advantages of radar, the new combat information centers (CIC) aboard U.S. ships, and improved doctrine, valor, and audacity could not overcome numbers or the superior capabilities of Japanese torpedoes. The Battle of Vella Lavella would be the last major battle of the Central Solomons campaign, and would also be the last significant Japanese victory of the war.
After the costly campaign to take the island of New Georgia in the central Solomon Islands chain, the Third Fleet commander, Vice Admiral William Halsey, had to decide what to do next. Having fought a pretty effective delaying action on New Georgia, the Japanese had pulled another disappearing act (as at Guadalcanal) and withdrawn the remains of their forces across the Kula Gulf to the island of Kolombangara to the northwest of New Georgia, which had also been reinforced. Halsey was concerned that at the current rate of advance up the Solomon chain, it would take years to get to the major Japanese base at Rabaul, let alone Tokyo. With the approval of both Admiral Chester Nimitz and General Douglas MacArthur, Halsey opted to leap-frog over Kolombangara to the relatively lightly defended island of Vella Lavella, which lies to the northwest of Kolombangara across Vella Gulf. Over the next months, numerous naval battles with no names occurred as the Japanese tried to withdraw their forces from Kolombangara and reinforce Vella Lavella. Most of these involved U.S. PT-boat attacks on Japanese barges, along with near-constant air battles overhead, during which the Japanese suffered increasingly disproportionate losses as better U.S. aircraft, and attrition of the best Japanese pilots, had their effect.
During an engagement sometimes referred to as the Battle of Horaniu on 17 August 1943, a force of four U.S. destroyers (Nicholas [DD-449)], O'Bannon [DD-450], Taylor [DD-468], and Chevalier [DD-451]) under Captain Thomas J. Ryan, attempted to engage a force of four Japanese destroyers that were protecting about 20 barges and small auxiliaries attempting to withdraw Japanese troops from Kolombangara. The result was an ineffective exchange of torpedos and gunfire as the Japanese commander, Rear Admiral Baron Matsui Ijuin (92nd in his class of 96 at the Japanese naval academy), opted to flee rather than fight—uncharacteristic of Japanese commanders and to the frustration of Ryan who was itching for a fight. As in many of the other lesser actions, going after the barges was like stomping cockroaches and Ryan's force sank four small auxiliaries, but most of the barges got away. Despite the inconclusive nature of the battle, the skipper of Chevalier, Lieutenant Commander George R. Wilson, was awarded a Navy Cross for his aggressive actions during the battle. Ultimately the Japanese would successfully evacuate 9,000 troops (most of their force) from Kolombangara despite constant air and PT-boat attacks on the barges.
After the Allied landing on Vella Lavella, the Japanese quickly reached the conclusion that reinforcing the island would be a loser, so they opted to hold the island as long as possible with the relatively few forces there, with the intent to withdraw them at the last moment, which they mostly succeeded in doing. By the beginning of October 1943, Japanese forces on the island were down to just under 600 men, and U.S. and New Zealand troops were closing in on the Japanese foothold on the northwest side of the island. Accordingly, Ijuin received orders to withdraw the last of the Japanese troops on Vella Lavella.
Ijuin assembled a relatively strong force of three older destroyer-transports and 20 barges and small auxiliaries, protected by six modern destroyers, to accomplish the mission. U.S. Navy intelligence, as well as sighting reports by scout planes and coast watchers, assessed that a force of nine destroyers would be coming down the "Slot" on the night of 6–7 October to Vella Lavella. This presented the commander of Task Group 31.2, Rear Admiral Theodore S. Wilkinson (who had relieved Rear Admiral Kelly Turner in July) with a dilemma as only three U.S. destroyers (Selfridge [DD-357], Chevalier, and O'Bannon) were patrolling in the Slot at the time. Wilkinson opted to detach three additional destroyers from convoy duty south of the Solomons and have them rendezvous with the other three destroyers to interdict the Japanese force. Unfortunately, the Japanese got to the rendezvous point first.
The U.S. destroyer force was under the command of Captain Frank R. Walker, Commander Destroyer Squadron 4, who had distinguished himself as commanding officer of the destroyer Patterson (DD-392), one of the few destroyers that managed to get underway during the attack on Pearl Harbor. The force consisted of Selfridge (with Walker embarked), Chevalier, and O'Bannon. All three ships were battle veterans. All three had the latest, most capable SG-type surface-search radar, and, although the combat information center concept was still a work in progress, all three had some version of a CIC. The ability to integrate radar and all sources of information into a coherent plot had progressed to the point that Walker opted to fight the battle from CIC rather than the bridge, a "first" from what I have been able to find.
The CIC concept had progressed rapidly since the commanding officer of USS Fletcher (DD-445), Commander Cole, and his executive officer, Lieutenant Commander Wiley, had created an ad hoc CIC prior to the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal on 13 November 1942. Fletcher had emerged unscathed from that horrific battle as well as from the debacle at Tassafaronga that followed two weeks later, partly due to superior situational awareness afforded by the CIC. Although Fletcher was the first to create a CIC, others had already been thinking about the concept, and, in November 1942, Admiral Nimitz issued "Tactical Bulletin 4TB-42," which directed all Pacific Fleet ships to create a CIC aboard ship. Initially, how to do this was left up to the individual ship's commanding officer, which resulted in a variety of approaches, some of which worked better than others. CNO King held a conference in Washington, DC, in January 1943, with the intent to extend the CIC concept from the Pacific Fleet to the entire Navy. Throughout 1943, Nimitz' staff officer for destroyers, Rear Admiral Mahlon S. Tisdale, led the effort to create CICs aboard ship. Tisdale, a survivor of the defeat at Tassafaronga, had learned and incorporated many lessons from that and other battles around Guadalcanal. In June 1943, Tisdale issued a new manual, the "CIC Handbook for Destroyers," which codified the CIC concept, but still left ample opportunity for experimentation by ships' commanding officers. At Vella Lavella, Walker's ships had rapidly incorporated as much of the CIC concept as they could (without going into a shipyard). The improved situational awareness was a major factor in Walker's decision to give battle, despite the odds.
The basic set-up for the battle was that the Japanese force approached Vella Lavella from the northwest, while Walker's destroyers were transiting westerly north of the island. Southwest of Vella lavella and transiting northerly were three destroyers under the command of Captain Harold O. Larson, USN. The Ralph Talbot (DD-390), with Larson embarked, Taylor, and La Vallete (DD-448) had been detached from convoy duty, intending to rendezvous with Walker's force northwest of Vella Lavella before the Japanese arrived. Larson's force did not get there in time.
The Japanese split their force, with the three destroyer-transports, escorted by two destroyers, proceeding ahead, while the pack of barges and auxiliaries transited in a third group. Walker's force was dogged by a Japanese "Pete" scout float plane that kept dropping flares over the U.S. force. Walker made the correct assumption that he had lost any element of surprise.
Radar in Walker's group detected the lead Japanese force at 2231 at a range of 10 miles. Japanese lookouts sighted Walker's force at 2235. Walker attempted to raise Larson via TBS (talk-between-ships) without success, as the distance between to two U.S. destroyer groups was still too great. Believing he was up against nine Japanese destroyers, Walker decided to attack anyway with the intent to herd or draw the Japanese toward Larson's destroyers, which would make the odds two to one instead of three to one. In reality, the odds were better than Walker assumed as soon as Walker's force was sighted, the three destroyer-transports were ordered to exit the area to the northwest. The two escorting destroyers, Shigure (veteran of many battles and sole survivor of two) and Samidare, made haste to rejoin the other four Japanese destroyers, but hadn't quite done so when battle was joined. So, at the start of the engagement, it was three U.S. destroyers versus one group of two Japanese destroyers and another group of four Japanese destroyers.
Rear Admiral Ijuin believed he was up against a much larger force than he actually was. The Japanese scout plane had reported four U.S. cruisers and three destroyers. As the battle commenced, Ijuin blew a chance to cross the U.S. "T" because he misjudged the size of the U.S. ships (thinking they were cruisers) and therefore misjudged distance. In the confused maneuvers that followed, the Japanese destroyer Yugumo charged the U.S. destroyers by herself, a brave act that, however, fouled the range for the other Japanese destroyers, preventing them from launching torpedoes at the optimum time. As the closest target, Yugumo drew fire from all three U.S. destroyers. At 2255, the U.S. destroyers fired 14 torpedoes at Yugumo, and opened fire with guns at 2256. Yugomo fired eight torpedoes at the U.S. destroyers before she was hit at least five times by U.S. shells, which knocked out her steering. At 2301, the Chevalier (second in line) was hit by one of Yugumo's torpedoes. Shortly after, at 2303, Yugumo was hit by one of the slower U.S. torpedoes (which actually worked,) and she sank at 2310.
The torpedo that struck Chevalier detonated the forward magazine, which blew the whole bow off forward of the bridge. Chevalier's stern jackknifed into the path of the trailing O'Bannon, which, blinded by the smoke of battle, was unable to avoid colliding with Chevalier's wrecked stern. The two ships were entangled and locked together, taking both out of the battle. Walker, aboard Selfridge, the lead destroyer, continued to press the attack against what he now assumed were nine-to-one odds. Selfridge engaged the group of two Japanese destroyers until 2306, when she was hit by one of 16 torpedoes fired by Shigure and Samidare. Although not quite as devastating a hit as that on Chevalier, Selfridge went dead in the water with severe damage to her bow and forward sections (that her magazine didn't explode was extraordinary luck—see photo above).
With all three U.S. destroyers dead in water, and five of his own destroyers still pretty much unscathed, Ijuin decided it was time to quit. His decision was bolstered by a sighting report from a Japanese float-plane scout that reported the approach of Larson's three destroyers from the south, again misidentified as a cruiser-destroyer force. At 2317, Ijuin's destroyers fired a parting shot of 24 torpedoes at the crippled U.S. destroyers, all of which missed. Ijuin's "victory" would be the last surface victory for the Imperial Japanese Navy for the rest of the war. Ijuin would claim that his force sank two U.S. cruisers and three destroyers. Walker, on the other hand, reported sinking three Japanese destroyers and believed that he was the victor. However, in the heat of the destroyer battle, the Japanese barges and auxiliaries had managed to get into Vella Lavella and successfully extract the last 589 Japanese troops on the island. Thus, the Japanese accomplished their mission at the cost of one destroyer and 138 dead.
Larson's destroyer force arrived at 2335, but the Japanese were already gone. Despite heroic damage control on the Chevalier, it quickly became apparent that she could not be saved. O'Bannon took aboard about 250 survivors from Chevalier (made easier with O'Bannon alongside). After O'Bannon untangled from Chevalier, the La Vallete dispatched Chevalier's stern with a torpedo at 0300 and then sank her floating bow with depth charges. Selfridge regained power and backed out of the battle area. U.S. casualties were 54 killed on Chevalier and 13 killed on Selfridge, with an additional 36 missing from the two ships, who would eventually be declared dead. O'Bannon left behind boats that rescued 25 Japanese sailors the next morning; another 78 Japanese were rescued by U.S. PT boats—an unusually large number who gave themselves up. Although heavily damaged, O'Bannon would continue her charmed life and go through the entire war, earning 17 Battle Stars (including for the bloody 13 November 1942 battle off Guadalcanal), the most of any destroyer), a Presidential Unit Citation, and not a single Purple Heart.
Captain Frank Walker would be awarded the Navy Cross for his audacious action against a much larger Japanese force. The skipper of Selfridge, Lieutenant Commander George E. Packham, in command for all of four days, would receive a Silver Star. Rear Admiral Ijuin would survive the sinking of the Japanese light cruiser Sendai during the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay in November 1943, being rescued by a Japanese submarine, but his luck would run out when his flagship (a patrol boat) at Saipan was torpedoed and sunk in 1944.
Sources include: History of U.S. Naval Operations in World War II, Vol. VI: Breaking the Bismarcks Barrier by Rear Admiral Samuel Eliot Morison; "The Evolution of the US Navy into an Effective Night Fighting Force During the Solomons Islands Campaign 1942–1943," Jeff T Reardon, Ph.D. dissertation, August 2008, University of Ohio; Learning War: The Evolution of Fighting Doctrine in the US Navy, 1898–1945 by Trent Hone (2018), Naval Institute Press; Information at Sea: Shipboard Command and Control in the US Navy, from Mobile Bay to Okinawa by Captain Timothy S. Wolters, USNR, (2013), Johns Hopkins University Press.
Item Number:1
Date: 11/09/2018
Australian authorities are calling a terrorist attack, reports the Sydney
Morning Herald.On Friday, the suspect lit a car on fire and stabbed three people on Bourke
Street in Melbourne's central business district.Police shot and killed the suspect after he tried to stab them.Officials said the suspect had placed gas canisters in the back of the truck
before lighting it.The 31-year-old attacker was a member of the Somali community and known to
authorities, said the Australian Security Intelligence Organization.
Authorities said one of the man's relative's was arrested on
terror-related charges last year but there was no intelligence about any
threat posed by the perpetrator of Friday's attack.
The Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attack, reported Reuters.

Item Number:5
INTERFAX-MILITARY NEWS AGENCY -- BrahMos Aerospace, a joint venture between
India and Russia, is developing a lightweight variant of the BrahMos cruise
missile for fighter jets and submarines, reports Interfax-AVN (Russia).
The next-generation missile will be smaller and suitable for use on a large
number of platforms, a company official told the news agency on Wednesday.
Indian air force Su-30MKI fighters will be able to carry up to five of the
reduced-weight missiles, the official said.
Submarines and MiG-family aircraft, as well as an Indian aircraft currently
under development, will also be able to carry the lightweight BrahMos
missile, the official added.
Further details were not provided.
Item Number:8
Date: 11/09/2018
former top government officials in an alleged bribery scheme involving German
shipbuilder ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems, reports the Times of Israel.
Authorities have recommended charging six people with bribery, fraud, breach
of trust, money laundering and other lesser charges revolving around
Israel's decision to buy four patrol boats and three Dolphin-class
submarines from ThyssenKrupp between 2009 and 2017, a police statement said
on Thursday.The recommendations will be reviewed by state prosecutors, who will decide
whether to pursue charges, reported Agence France-Presse.
Among those accused is David Shimron, an attorney and second cousin of Prime
Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Shimron is suspected of mediating bribes on the
behalf of Miki Ganor, a representative of ThyssenKrupp.
Brig. Gen. Avriel Bar Yosef, former deputy head of the National Security
Council, and Vice Adm. Elizer Marom, former navy commander, are accused of
ensuring Ganor's appointment as representative and promoting naval deals
with ThyssenKrupp.Brig. Gen. Shay Brosh allegedly helped Ganor and Bar Yosef hide their bribery connections.David Sahran, former chief of staff, and Eliezer Sandberg, former minister of
science and technology, are suspected of advancing Ganor's interests in
the government and providing information on naval deals.
Yitzhak Molcho, Netanyahu's former adviser, is also suspected of being
involved but will not be charged due to a lack of evidence, police said.
In July 2017, Ganor signed an agreement with Israeli police to cooperate with
the investigation. Under the agreement, Ganor would serve one year in prison
and pay a US$2.7 million fine in exchange for testimony.
Item Number:10
Date: 11/09/2018
NORWAY - FRIGATE BADLY DAMAGED IN COLLISION WITH TANKER (NOV 09/NORWAYNAVY)NORWEGIAN NAVY -- A Norwegian warship is at risk of sinking after a collision off Norway's western coast, reports the Norwegian navy. On Thursday, the frigate Helge Ingstad collided with Sola TS, a
Maltese-flagged oil tanker, in Hjeltefjord near Bergen as it was heading back
Haakonsvern naval base, said a military spokesman. The warship was conducting navigation training after taking part in
NATO's large-scale Trident Juncture exercises, which concluded on
Wednesday, the navy said. Eight crew members suffered minor injuries in the crash. The Helge Ingstad sustained extensive damage and was taking on water, placing
the warship at risk of sinking, an official with the Sola Rescue Center told
Agence France-Presse. The captain of the ship ordered the crew to run the vessel aground near the entry to a fjord to keep it from sinking, reported the War Zone website.
A 10-cubic-meter helicopter fuel tank on the vessel ruptured, although theleaked amount has not been determined, according to the Norwegian Coastal
Images of the stricken warship showed a significant gash along the starboard
side, extending around a quarter of the ship's length, according to an
analysis by Forecast International (Conn.).
Photos appeared to show the frigate rolled over on her starboard side and
sinking by the stern. The fact that the ship had to be beached indicated the
critical extent of the damage.
The Helge Ingstad seems likely to be a total loss, the analysis concluded.
The Sola TS received only minor damage above the water line and no oil spill
was reported. It is waiting to be towed to a nearby oil terminal.
It is not immediately clear what caused the collision.
The Norwegian Civil Aviation Commission and the armed forces have launched an

Item Number:13
Date: 11/09/2018
AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE -- Syrian government forces have killed at least 23
opposition fighters in northwestern Syria, reports Agence France-Presse.
On Friday, government troops attacked an area held by the Jaish al-Izza rebel
group in Hama province, reported the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a
U.K.-based watchdog group.
At least 35 rebels were injured in the clashes.
The fighting took place around Halfaya village, near the border with Idlib
province, the last rebel-held province in Syria, said the observatory, as
reported by Reuters.Casualties among government forces could not be confirmed.
It was not clear what provoked the attack, which did not appear to be part of
a larger offensive. The state-run SANA news agency said it was in response to
a rebel attack on a military position with heavy machine guns.
A Russian-Turkish agreement reached in September aimed to avoid full-scale
conflict in the province by removing hardline jihadist groups and
establishing a buffer zone.
The violence in Halfaya was the largest since the agreement entered into
effect on Oct. 15, noted the observatory.
Item Number:14
Date: 11/09/2018
appointees for a military aviation safety panel, reports
On Wednesday, the committee named two panelists to join the National
Commission on Military Aviation Safety. The Senate will appoint two panelists
and President Donald Trump is expected to appoint four.
On the House side, Rep. Mac Thornberry (R.-Texas), the outgoing HASC
chairman, selected Pete Geren, a former Texas congressman and Army secretary.
Rep. Adam Smith (D.-Wash.), who is expected to become the next chairman,
chose retired Gen. Raymond Johns Jr., a former test pilot who also served as
head of the Air Mobility Command and deputy chief of staff for strategic
plans and programs for the Air Force.
The National Commission on Military Aviation Safety was established in the
2019 defense bill in response to a series of deadly aircraft crashes in
recent years.
The commission will review military aviation mishaps from 2013 to 2018;
compare trends to historical data; assess causes fueling the crashes; and
make recommendation on safety, training, maintenance, personnel and other
policies related to military aviation safety, reported the Stars and Stripes
in May.
Item Number:15
Date: 11/09/2018
VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- An estimated 507,000 people have been killed during
U.S. military operations following the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001,
according to a new study by Brown University's Costs of War Project, as
cited by the Voice of America News.
The study released on Thursday counted all violent deaths among U.S. and
allied troops; militants and terrorists; and civilians in Afghanistan, Iraq
and Pakistan.Including those who died indirectly from the war on terrorism, as many as 1
million people may have been killed.
The majority of the deaths occurred in Iraq, where between 268,000 and
295,000 have been killed since the 2003 U.S.-led invasion to oust Saddam
Hussein.Researchers counted about 147,000 deaths in Afghanistan, including U.S. and
Afghan soldiers, civilians, Taliban fighters and ISIS terrorists. About
65,000 people were killed in Pakistan.Two million others have been displaced in those three countries as a result of violence.
Meanwhile, violence in Afghanistan has been increasing with a 22 percent rise
in fatalities over the last two years.
Item Number:16
Date: 11/09/2018
VENEZUELA - 3 MILLION FLEE WORSENING CONDITIONS, SAYS U.N. (NOV 09/DEWELLE)DEUTSCHE WELLE -- Three million people have fled the ongoing crisis in
Venezuela, according to U.N. statistics cited by Deutsche Welle.
About 2.4 million Venezuelan refugees are currently being hosted in Latin
American and Caribbean countries, the U.N.'s top refugee and migration
bodies said on Thursday. More than 1 million Venezuelans have escaped to neighboring Colombia. Venezuelans have fled a severe economic crisis, including inflation, which
doubled over the last year, and an increasingly repressive political
environment. Rising prices for staples have resulted in food and medicine shortages around
the country.The growing number of refugees is severely straining the resources of
neighboring countries, said U.N. officials.There have been reports of backlashes against migrants in Brazil and Colombia, with accusations of race-based attacks on asylum seekers.

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