Saturday, November 3, 2018

TheList 4847

The List 4847 TGB
To All,
A bit of history, some Halloween and some tidbits. 
This day in Naval History
Oct. 31
1803—The frigate Philadelphia runs aground near Tripoli while pursuing an enemy vessel in shallow water. As a result, the Tripolitans send a large gunboat force and attack Philadelphia. Stuck fast and listing, she is defenseless and Capt. William Bainbridge surrenders. Under Commodore Edward Preble's orders, Lt. Stephen Decatur leads a mission to burn Philadelphia early the following year.
1941—German submarine U-562 sinks USS Reuben James (DD 245) as she escorted Convoy HX 156, killing 115 of her crew. Reuben James is the first U.S. ship lost to enemy action in World War II.
1956—The U.S. Navy lands seven men in an R4D Skytrain on the ice at the South Pole. They are the first men to stand on the South Pole since Capt. Robert F. Scott in 1912.
1966—While serving as boat captain and patrol officer aboard River Patrol Boat (PBR) 105 in Vietnam, Boatswain's Mate 1st Class James E. Williams and his crew are taken under fire, facing a superior number of enemy vessels. Williams leads his men to sink 65 enemy craft and inflict numerous casualties among the enemy. He is awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions. USS James E. Williams (DDG 95) is named in his honor.
1972—While participating in a daring operation against enemy forces in the Republic of Vietnam, Engineman 1st Class Michael E. Thornton and Lt. Thomas R. Norris come under fire from a numerically superior force. Calling in for support and engaging the enemy, Norris is wounded by enemy fire. Learning that his lieutenant is down, Thornton bravely rushes through a hail of fire, fights off two enemy soldiers, and succeeds in removing Norris. Inflating Norris' lifejacket, Thornton then tows him seaward for approximately two hours until they are picked up by support craft. Thornton is later awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions.  Norris later receives the Medal of Honor for a different operation.
1981—The Navy announces the name for carrier CVN 71 as Theodore Roosevelt and her keel was laid at Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, VA. Secretary of Defense Caspar W. Weinberger delivered the address.
On Oct. 31, 1968, 50 years ago, President Lyndon B. Johnson officially halted the bombing campaign against North Vietnam known as Operation Rolling Thunder. Johnson hoped ending the bombing completely would spur more productive peace negotiations with the North Vietnamese government. The campaign, which Johnson had restricted in southern North Vietnam in March, lasted three and a half years, making it one of the longest military operations in U.S. history at the time. To learn more, download Norman Polmar and Edward J. Marolda's book, Naval Air War: The Rolling Thunder Campaign. In addition, visit the Vietnam War page at NHHC's website.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
Today's top national headlines include coverage of the President's visit to Pittsburgh as the first victims of the Tree of Life Synagogue mass shooting are buried, the President's intent to end birthright citizenship via executive order, and the upcoming midterm elections. The Wall Street Journal reports that the Trident Juncture 2018, the largest NATO exercise since the Cold War, is intended to send two messages: a show of strength meant to be a warning to Russia and a reminder to NATO members that security comes at a price. Adm. John Richardson, United States Chief of Naval Operations, received an update on the situation in the South China Sea during his recent visit to the Philippines. "The work the U.S. Navy does with the Philippines every year is critical to the peace and stability of the region and the development of both our militaries," Richardson said, according to The Philippine Star. Additionally, the Annapolis Capital Gazette reports that the future USS Sioux City is underway on its way to Annapolis ahead of its November commissioning.
Today in History October 31

Martin Luther nails his 95 Theses to the door of the church at Wittenberg in Germany. Luther's theories and writings inaugurate Protestantism, shattering the external structure of the medieval church and at the same time reviving the religious consciousness of Europe.

Congress ratifies the purchase of the entire Louisiana area in North America, adding territory to the U.S. which will eventually become 13 more states.

A mob of about 200 attacks a Mormon camp in Missouri, killing 20 men, women and children.

Nevada becomes the 36th state.

After 14 years of work, the Mount Rushmore National Memorial is completed.

The United States explodes the first hydrogen bomb at Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific.

The bombing of North Vietnam is halted by the United States.

Saigon begins the release of 1,938 Hanoi POW's.

Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated in New Delhi by two Sikh members of her bodyguard.

Iraq announces it will no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors.

EgyptAir Flight 990 crashes into Atlantic Ocean killing all 217 people on board.

Soyuz TM-31 launches, carrying the first resident crew to the International Space Station.

Former Enron Corp. CEO Andrew Fastow convicted on 78 counts of conspiracy, money laundering, obstruction of justice and wire fraud; the Enron collapse cost investors millions and led to new oversight legislation.

This Week in American Military History:
Nov. 1, 1904:  The new U.S. Army War College opens its doors to three majors and six captains, among them Capt. (future General of the Armies) John J. "Black Jack" Pershing.
According to Samuel J. Newland writing for Parameters, during the college's formative years, "the instructional methodology … was reminiscent of the Prussian system of training general staff officers."
Nov. 2, 1783:  Gen. George Washington delivers his "Farewell Address to the Army" near Princeton, N.J., in which he refers to the Continental Army as "one patriotic band of brothers." Of his soldiers, whom he says displayed "invincible fortitude in action," Washington offers his "prayers to the God of Armies," adding that "may the choicest of Heaven's favors both here and hereafter attend those, who under the divine auspices have secured innumerable blessings for others."
Nov. 5, 1915:  Nearly five years to the day after aviation pioneer Eugene B. Ely makes the first airplane takeoff from a ship, Lt. Commander (future Capt.) Henry Mustin becomes the first American to make a catapult launch from a ship underway. Mustin is catapulted from USS North Carolina (the second of six so-named American warships, including one submarine and one Confederate ironclad) in a Curtiss AB-2 flying boat. Mustin, considered in some circles to be the "father of Naval aviation," is also the grand patriarch of the Mustin Naval dynasty. Of that dynasty, Capt. Louis Colbus (U.S. Navy, Ret.) former commander of Destroyer Squadron Two and the former chief of staff for Carrier Battle Group Eight, says, "Mustin flag-officers and others have led our Navy for nearly a century from aviation firsts to shipbuilding design and concepts to nuclear testing at the South Pole to battle-group tactics at sea, and at the same time inspiring generations of American sailors."
Nov. 5, 1917:  U.S. Army Maj. (future Brig. Gen.) Theodore Roosevelt Jr.
and his younger brother Lt. (future Lt. Col.) Archibald Roosevelt, both sons of former Pres. Theodore Roosevelt (a former U.S. Army cavalry colonel who will receive the Medal of Honor in 2001 for actions during the Spanish-American War), lead the first American patrol into "No Man's Land" during World War I. No enemy contact is reported. Like his presidential father, Theodore Jr. will receive the Medal of Honor, but the younger Roosevelt's Medal will be for actions during the Normandy invasion, June 6, 1944.
Nov. 7, 1811:  The Battle of Tippecanoe is fought between U.S. forces – composed of U.S. Army infantry, Kentucky volunteers, and Indiana militia all under the command of Indiana Gov. William Henry Harrison – and elements of Shawnee chief Tecumseh's American Indian confederation under the command of Tenskwatawa (Tecumseh's brother). The fighting, which takes place near present-day Battle Ground, Indiana, will be a victory for U.S. forces.  And Harrison – destined to become a brig. gen. during the War of 1812 and ultimately president of the United States – will forever be known as "the hero of Tippecanoe."
Nov. 7, 1863:  Union forces under the command of Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick decisively defeat Confederate forces under Maj. Gen. Jubal Early in the Battle of Rappahannock Station (Va.). Though a "a complete and glorious victory" for the Union Army, Confederate Col. Walter Taylor will refer to the battle as "the saddest chapter in the history of this army … miserable, miserable management." In six months, Sedgwick will be shot and killed by a Confederate sharpshooter during the bloody Battle of Spotsylvania Court House.
Thanks to the Bear for his in-depth daily review of the Rolling Thunder Campaign for the last 970 days. An epic piece of work that he has compiled and provided to us and to history so that we will never forget.
Thanks to THE BEAR at
"In a speech broadcast nationally at 8 p.m. on October 31,1968, The President announced that the bombing of North Vietnam would cease at 8 a.m. Washington time on November 1. He also noted that four-party discussions could begin at the next plenary session in Paris on November 6, an occasion 'at which representatives of the Government of South Vietnam are free to participate.' …. Special Counsel Harry McPherson finished drafting the speech only that afternoon; the President recorded the final parts of it between 1:35 and 1:53 p.m. The President watched the speech with family members in the Oval Office of the White House. His (McPherson) diary records: 'He said it was the most important decision he had ever made. He further said he was not sure it was the right decision but was what he felt had to be done. Said he couldn't guarantee Thieu what Thieu wanted. 'I could only tell him I was taking them (Hanoi) on faith–that the times demanded this action. This is a step toward peace.'"
"In a press conference the following day, Secretary of State Rusk commented on the speech. 'President Johnson stated clearly last night that his decision to stop the bombing of North Vietnam was based upon specific expectations that the Government of South Vietnam will participate in the discussion of an honorable peace and that the action will bring about a de-escalation of the fighting. Some governments and leading personalities have, over many months, undertaken to tell us that something good would happen if we would stop the bombing of North Vietnam. It is now incumbent upon all of those who have taken this view to make a maximum effort to ensure that their advice has substance to it. We have our own reasons to believe that our action is a constructive step, will open the war to serious talks, and will not endanger our own and allied forces in the field. But we shall be interested in what others may do to insist upon actions by Hanoi that will move us toward peace."…. 3.0 shell

THE WHITE HOUSE, 31 OCTOBER 1968… Ten historical documents have been archived to record forever the final day of communications involving the President on the day he announced his "most important decision." The first of these documents is a telegram from Ambassador Harriman in Paris to Secretary Rusk reporting success in finalizing details and gaining North Vietnam's agreement on a 1 November cessation, the date for the first session and the seating. Document 158 is at:
Document 159 is a summary report of three meetings held by Ambassador Bunker in Saigon with Thieu, Thanh and Ky, the three top dogs in South Vietnam. Bunker has the tough job of persuading Thieu, to accept the inevitable and plan on being in Paris on 6 November. Bottom line: Bunker says the odds of Thieu going along are at 50-50… Access Doc 159 by mousing the faint carrot in the right hand margin of Document 158, etc…
Document 160 is a telegram from President Johnson to President Thieu. Blunt. "There is little to add to what Ambassador Bunker has told you. But the hour is late for division among us. The future would be bleak if that were so."…. "We must not throw away in Paris what we have won in South Vietnam."… "Nor must either of our countries go it alone."…"I need your wisdom, patriotism, and courage in the critical days ahead."…  Mouse the carrot on Doc 159…
Document 161 is the 4-page record of the Secretary of Defense's regular "0845 Meeting" in his office with his civilian lieutenants. Great script that summarizes in clear prose the events of the week preceding the meeting. At about midpoint in the three [pager, Secretary Clifford tells his crew: "Here is the weakness of our position: We have no agreement with Hanoi. The only understanding we have after 6 months in Paris is that GVN (South Vietnam) can sit at the table in Paris. 'They' have not agreed on DMZ or on cities. We have been very clear; they say they 'understand' our position on the DMZ and the cities–They have not 'agreed.'" The meeting notes remain open to record the sequence of events for the rest of the day in SecDef's office. At 1100 a news ticker interrupts the meeting: "Thieu responds to the President (see Doc 160) and says 'Saigon does not agree with US terms.' "… Clifford stuns his staff at 1110 with the disclosure that Nixon has been dealing with Thieu through the back door ("Stiff LBJ and we will give you a better deal after the election"… "Don't cooperate with LBJ; he's only Pres. for 3 more months & Nixon will be in for 4 or 8 years. Make it hard for LBJ.")… Later in day: "Thieu still has some objections but is coming around…"…
Document 162 is a short sitrep from Bunker's aide to Rusk's aide with developments in Saigon where the SVN National Security Council is weighing LBJ's letter request to Thieu.
Document 163 is a memo from the President's assistant, Walt Rostow, to the President with some suggestions on how to handle the Nixon interference in the quest of Thieu's compliance with the LBJ requests… Rostow includes a suggested message for Thieu for all three Presidential candidates  to sign saying it won't matter who wins the Presidency, the course will be the same no matter who wins, therefore, get on board with LBJ. That was Rostow's fix for the Nixon dalliance in the sensitive negotiations with North Vietnam.
Document 164 is a letter from Johnson to Kosygin in Moscow giving him a heads-up that he would announce the cessation of the bombing later in the day…
Document 165 is another relayed report from Rusk's aide Read to his boss and the President. Ambassador Bunker called at 2:40 p.m. saying the GVN Security Council is not on board with present draft. If two adjustments are made in the joint announcement they would "go with it."… Bunker says he hopes the adjustments can be made…
Document 166 is a telephone conference call that puts Nixon, Humphrey and Wallace along with Rusk, Clifford, Wheeler and CIA leader Helms on the phone with the President, who does almost all the talking. Three pages of "this is the way it is going to be." A historic conversation… Five Stars…
Document 167 is the notes from the 593rd Meeting of the National Security Council. Three  aides took notes that were combined into one historical document… One excerpt: LBJ: "We are ready to announce that we are going to stop bombing North Vietnam. We have always held that conferences will not be productive unless the Government of Vietnam is represented; unless the other side refrains from shelling the cities; unless there is no violation of the DMZ. Hanoi has said that it is willing for South Vietnam to sit in on the meetings. We have let them know that any violation of the DMZ will trigger an attack from us. We have talked to the Soviet Union and others and they understand this. We will test their faith and see. I am going on the air at 8 p.m. tonight to talk to the Nation. Just before that I will order the bombing to stop at 8 a.m. tomorrow (9 p.m. Saigon time). Negotiations will resume on November 6. If they (GVN) are there, fine. If not, we will go anyway. I've gotten the judgement of my advisors…" The President polled the attendees for "objections." …"There was prompt and unanimous agreement." …
Document 168 is a four-page telephone conversation between the President and Vice President Humphrey. The President does almost all the talking to fill the Vice President in on the events of the last few days and what he has in mind going forward… a good review of the more than thirty historical documents posted here on RTR over the last week.
THE PRESIDENT'S REMARKS ON THE CESSATION OF BOMBING OF NORTH VIETNAM ON 31 OCTOBER 1968… "As a result of progress in the Paris peace talks, Johnson announces the cessation of bombing in North Vietnam and expresses his hope that the talks may continue to move forward successfully. The President cautions that the talks require more time and patience but points to the strengthening South Vietnamese government and troops as hopeful signs."…The speech was broadcast at 8 p.m. There were a dozen hours of Operation Rolling Thunder to be flown, and then: Rolling Thunder was history… Read at…
RTR quote for 31 October: PRESIDENT JOHNSON, 31 Oct 68: "So what is required of us in these new circumstances is exactly that steady determination and patience which has brought us to this more hopeful prospects. What is required of us is a courage and a steadfastness, and a perseverance here at home, that will match that of our men who fight for us tonight in Vietnam."…
Lest we forget…       Bear
Published: October 30, 2011
An insight into the creepy festival of ghouls and vampires. DESIGN: AMNA IQBAL
Those sensitive to changing weather will notice that near Halloween (October 31), a perceptible chill enters the air — everything is at once mysterious and nostalgic. This is the time of All Hallow's Eve, a precursor to All Saint's Day on November 1 (Halloween's Christian variant).
In truth, Halloween's roots go deep; the 'day of the dead' stems from Celtic folkloric traditions and boasts a rich history — later transformed by Christian traditions.
A brief history 
According to an article on, Rick Branch (in Samhain: History of Halloween) traces All Hallow's Eve to Samhain (pronounced Sa-wain), celebrated by the indigenous Celts and Druids of the British Isles. Today, the festival is still celebrated by small sects of Druids, Wicca-practitioners and Neopagans.
Halloween— as we know it today— borrows its specifically supernatural textures from this pagan festival of the dead: "The observances connected with Halloween are believed to have originated among the ancient Druids, who believed that on the evening, Saman, the lord of the dead, called forth hosts of evil spirits", reports Funk & Wagnalls New Encyclopedia.
It was perhaps the most momentous celebration of the Celtic year, hailed as a day of preternatural potency, when the veils between our world and the 'otherworld' of sinister entities wane and become closely linked.
Confusing malevolent spirits 
Modern Halloween get ups — ghosts, ghouls, monsters, spirits, vampires and so forth — are a derivative of traditional Celtic costuming. More than just dressing up for a rollicking Halloween rager or scaring friends and relatives witless, Halloween costumes actually safeguard us from the spirits of the dead. The ancient Druids and Celts wore animal skins and masks on Samhain to confuse spirits that passed through the physical plane on this charged day.
Trick or treat, spirits be gone! 
Ever wonder why people go trick or treating on Halloween and leave massive bowls of candy outside their homes? They unknowingly protect their homes from evil beings and entities that may want to get inside. The practice also originates from a Samhain custom, in which food was left out for spirits to bar them from getting past the threshold into one's home.
Others trace the 'trick or treat' ritual to Celtic beggars, who would show up at the homes of the rich demanding alms and food, threatening homeowners with 'evil spirits' if they refused.
Paranormal Pumpkins 
"Carving Jack-o-lanterns is also a tradition that came from the Celts — only they used turnips instead of pumpkins", reports The legend of the Jack-o-lantern begins with Jack, a local prankster and drunk, who succeeded in tricking the devil to climb up a tree and trapped him there. Jack made a deal, making the devil promise to never tempt Jack again. When Jack died, his soul was neither allowed into Heaven (for his evil ways) nor into Hell (for trapping the Devil). His poor, unwanted soul forced its way back to the cold winters with nothing but an ember to light the way. Jack placed the light into a hollowed out turnip to make it last longer. Upon coming to America, the Irish switched to using the pumpkin, finding it more spacious and lasting.
It's too bad that Halloween's rich and interesting etymology remains elusive to so many — the combination of Christian influences and a capitalist agenda have leeched this day of its age-old sacredness. Pumpkins carved into grotesque visages, a litany of supernatural costuming, door-to-door 'trick or treat' visits, specials on television and wild parties define this annual holiday — watered down and appropriated by Hallmark and the efforts of commercialism.
Published in The Express Tribune, October 31st,  2011.
Item Number:1 Date: 10/31/2018 AFGHANISTAN - SENIOR OFFICIALS DIE IN HELICOPTER CRASH IN FARAH (OCT 31/TN)  TOLONEWS -- At least 20 people have been killed in a military helicopter crash in Afghanistan's western Farah province, reports the Tolo News (Afghanistan).   On Wednesday, the helicopter from the 207th Zafar Corps (Herat) crashed in the Anar Dara district, said a unit spokesman.   At least 20 people were onboard at the time, all of whom were killed, he said. The aircraft experienced a technical issue that resulted in the crash.   The type of helicopter involved was not disclosed.   In addition to Afghan troops, Farid Bakhtawar, the head of the Farah provincial council, and Nematullah Khalil, the deputy commander of 207 Zafar Military Corps, were aboard the helicopter.   Provincial officials said that the aircraft went down due to bad weather and that 25 people were killed.   A Taliban spokesman claimed the group shot down the helicopter, noted Khaama Press (Afghanistan).  
  Item Number:4 Date: 10/31/2018 CHINA - BEIJING SET TO BEGIN CONSTRUCTION ON PERMANENT AIRFIELD IN ANTARCTICA (OCT 31/TAINEWS)  TAIWAN NEWS -- The Chinese government plans to begin construction of its first permanent airport in Antarctica next month, reports the Taiwan News.   China's Snow Dragon icebreaker will set sail for Antarctica on Friday as part of the 35th Antarctic expedition. One of the main tasks for the expedition is to begin construction of the facility.   The runway is expected to be 0.9-miles (1.5-km) long and 260-feet (80-m) wide. The airport will be built along the ice sheet about 17 miles (28 km) from China's Zhongshan station, reported China's state-run Science and Technology Daily.   The airport will provide logistical support to scientists and give China a voice in the management of Antarctic airspace.   The airport will also be capable of servicing China's small polar aircraft, the Snow Eagle 601. During previous expeditions, the aircraft parked at Russian airports.   China has previously constructed temporary runways on the ice sheet for emergency landing and refueling purposes.   In 2009, China built a 2.5-mile(4-km) long, 164-foot (50-m) wide runway for fixed-wing aircraft during the 25th Antarctic expedition. The runway was only fit for light aircraft equipped with sleds, which have limited transport capabilities.   "The new airport allows medium and large transport aircraft, like Boeing planes, to take off and land in the South Pole, shortening transport time as well as enhancing efficiency," said Zhang Xia, the director of the Polar Strategy Center at the Polar Research Institute of China, as quoted by the Global Times (Beijing).   Researchers have already completed surveying and mapping work. Construction is expected to take a couple of years to complete.  
  Item Number:5 Date: 10/31/2018 GERMANY - PROSECUTORS CHARGE FORMER AFGHAN OFFICER WITH WAR CRIMES (OCT 31/RFE/RL)  RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY -- German prosecutors have charged a former Afghan army officer with war crimes, reports Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   The defendant, identified as Ahmad Zaheer D., is accused of abusing prisoners while presiding over the interrogations of three captured enemy fighters at an unspecified time in Afghanistan, the Federal Prosecutor's Office said on Monday.   Zaheer is alleged to have pulled one of the prisoners by the hair and punched him, while a soldier stood guard with a rifle. Another soldier is accused of beating two prisoners with a plastic pipe.   The former officer was arrested on Oct. 25 in Germany's southern Ebersberg district east of Munich. Authorities also searched his apartment
  Item Number:7 Date: 10/31/2018 NIGERIA - SECURITY FORCES KILL 42 DURING PROTESTS IN ABUJA (OCT 31/REU)  REUTERS -- A Nigerian Shi'ite religious group says that 42 of its members have been killed by police during demonstrations in the capital, Abuja, reports Reuters.   On Monday, hundreds of members of the Islamic Movement of Nigeria (IMN) marched in Abuja to demand that the government release their jailed leader, Ibrahim Zakzaky.   The army fired on the protesters on the outskirts of the city, killing 35, said the IMN.   On Tuesday, demonstrators marched in the city's center, where police fired on them, killing another seven. Police were attempting to stop the march from reaching government buildings in the city center, reported Al Jazeera (Qatar).   Security officials did not comment on the claim.   Zakzaky was jailed in 2015 after fighting in the northern city of Zaria. At the time, the military was accused of killing more than 300 IMN followers.   The Muslim leader has called for an Iranian-style Islamic revolution in Nigeria.  
  Item Number:8 Date: 10/31/2018 NORTH KOREA - GOVERNMENT PREPARING FOR INSPECTORS' VISIT, SAYS S. KOREAN INTELLIGENCE SERVICE (OCT 31/YON)  YONHAP -- The North Korean regime is preparing for international observers to visit nuclear and missile test sites that it says it has deactivated, reports the Yonhap news agency (Seoul).   On Wednesday, the National Intelligence Service told lawmakers during a closed session that they had detected activity at the Punggye-ri nuclear test site and the Sohae Satellite Launching Site (Dongchang-ri).   The agency said the preparations and intelligence-related activities were made ahead of a potential visit by international inspectors, said one lawmaker present for the session.   No major changes have been detected at North Korea's nuclear and missile production facilities, he said.   North Korea said in May that it had unilaterally closed the nuclear test site at Punggye-ri. Pyongyang has also claimed to have destroyed some of the missile launching facilities at the Sohae site.   Experts suggested that Punggye-ri was damaged beyond repair during September 2017, when the sixth and last nuclear test took place.   In September, North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un agreed to close the Sohae site under the watch of outside experts.  
  Item Number:9 Date: 10/31/2018 RUSSIA - 3 FSB MEMBERS INJURED IN SUICIDE ATTACK IN ARKHANGELSK (OCT 31/MOS)  MOSCOW TIMES -- Three members of Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB) have been injured in what authorities are calling a terrorist attack, reports the Moscow Times.   On Wednesday, a 17-year-old male set off an improvised explosive device shortly after entering the FSB headquarters in Arkhangelsk in northern Russia, reported the Guardian (U.K.).   Surveillance footage from the building showed the teen pulling an object from his bag, which then exploded in his hands, officials told the Tass news agency (Russia).   No motive was given. Russia's Investigative Committee said it was opening a terrorist investigation into the attack.  
  Item Number:10 Date: 10/31/2018 SINGAPORE - ARMY OFFICER CHARGED IN DEATH OF SUBORDINATE DURING TRAINING (OCT 31/STIMES)  STRAITS TIMES -- A Singapore court has charged a captain in the death of a subordinate who died from heat stroke following a fast march earlier this year, reports the Straits Times.   On Wednesday, Capt. Tan Baoshu was charged with causing the death of Cpl. 1st Class Dave Lee by a "rash act."   Lee died on April 30, two weeks after suffering heat stroke following the march.   At the time, Tan was the commanding officer of Support Company, 1st Guards Battalion, and was supervising the 5-mile (8-km) fast march.   The officer allegedly failed to evacuate Lee in a timely manner and did not allow him to receive necessary treatment.   Tan faces up to five years in prison if convicted.   Six others are also being investigated by the ministry of defense for their alleged involvement in the incident.  
  Item Number:12 Date: 10/31/2018 SPAIN - NAVY NEUTRALIZES PIRATE SHIP OFF SOMALI COAST (OCT 31/EUNAVFOR)  E.U. NAVAL FORCE -- The Spanish navy has neutralized a pirate ship off the coast of Somalia, reports the E.U. Naval Force (EUNAVFOR) anti-piracy mission.   On Sunday, the Spanish amphibious assault ship Castilla seized and destroyed a whaler boat involved in a pirate attack earlier this month.   The whaler was involved in an attack on a Hong Kong-flagged bulk carrier on Oct. 16 about 340 nm (630 km) off the Somali coast. Spanish Rear Adm. Alfonso Perez de Nanclares, the EUNAVFOR force commander, then ordered counter-piracy forces to the area. A Spanish maritime patrol aircraft determined that pirate whalers were active in the area.   A suspicious whaler was then tracked by the Castilla.   The Castilla is assigned to Operation Atalanta, an E.U. mission fighting piracy off the coast of Somalia and the Gulf of Aden. The operation was launched in 2008 after a surge of attacks against commercial ships in the region, noted Euro Weekly News
Item Number:15 Date: 10/31/2018 USA - ARMY PLANS NEW MISSILE DEFENSE COMMAND NEAR TOKYO (OCT 31/JIJI)  JIJI PRESS -- The U.S. Army is creating a new missile defense command in Japan to better counter missile threats from North Korea and China, reports the Jiji Press (Tokyo).   The new command will be established at the Army's Sagami General Depot in Sagamihara in Kanagawa prefecture, about 20 miles (30 km) southwest of Tokyo, said sources in the Japanese Defense Ministry and U.S. Forces Japan. Personnel have already begun to arrive, with initial activities beginning on Oct. 16.   The troops are assigned to 38th Air Defense Artillery Brigade, while the command comes under the control of the 94th Army Air and Missile Defense Command in Hawaii.   A total of 115 personnel will be deployed to the command in stages over the next six to 12 months.   The new command is expected to be in charge of the Army's X-band radar units that are deployed in the Aomori and Kyoto prefectures.   The command is also expected to work with U.S. Navy missile defense warships deployed at the Yokosuka naval base.   U.S. forces will also share information with their Japanese counterparts operating the Aegis Ashore land-based missile defense system, which is planned to be deployed in the Akita and Yamaguchi prefectures.   The new command is apparently designed to enable rapid decision-making to intercept incoming missiles while deterring potential threats from China and North Korea.  
  Item Number:16 Date: 10/31/2018 YEMEN - COALITION AIRSTRIKES TARGET HOUTHI TRAINING CAMP, KILLING 150 (OCT 31/XIN)  XINHUA -- Scores of Houthi fighters have been killed in Saudi-led coalition airstrikes near the port city of Hodeidah, reports China's state-run Xinhua news agency, citing pro-government forces.   On Tuesday, the strikes targeted a training camp in the Marouah area, killing around 150 militants, said the Amliqa (Giant) brigades.   Houthi sources did not immediately comment on the attack.   The strike comes as Yemeni and coalition forces muster around the contested city in preparation for what is expected to be a major offensive, reported Agence France-Presse.   More than 10,000 troops from the Saudi- and U.A.E.-led coalition were sent to reinforce the city after gains against the Houthis, Yemeni officials said.   Houthi fighters have reinforced their positions in the city ahead of the expected battle, including deploying fighters to rooftop positions, said Yemeni military sources. 

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