Saturday, October 27, 2018

Fw: TheList 4844

The List 4844     TGB

To All,
I hope that you all have a great weekend.
This day in Naval History
Oct. 26
1893—The battleship Oregon (BB 3) launches. During the Spanish-American War, she participates in the Battle of Santiago. After decommissioning in 1924, she serves as a historic ship before being sold to become a storage hulk for ammunition during World War II.
1921—An N-9 seaplane piloted by Cmdr. Holden C. Richardson successfully completes its first compressed-air turntable catapult from a pier at Philadelphia Navy Yard, PA.
1922—Lt. Cmdr. Godfrey de Chevalier, flying an Aeromarine, makes the first landing aboard a carrier, USS Langley (CV 1) while underway off Cape Henry, VA.
1942—In the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, the Japanese try again to drive U.S. forces from Guadalcanal. During this aircraft carrier action, the fourth of the Pacific War, USS Hornet (CV 8) and a destroyer are lost and USS Enterprise (CV 6) is badly damaged. Two Japanese carriers and a heavy cruiser are severely damaged, giving the U.S. time to further strengthen Guadalcanal's defenses.
1944—The Battle of Leyte Gulf ends with Navy carriers and U.S. Army Air Forces aircraft continuing the attack on the retreating Japanese. Three enemy light cruisers and several smaller ships are lost during the day. At a distinct disadvantage at the beginning of the Leyte Gulf fight, the Japanese Imperial Navy loses so many ships and men in a few days of battle that it could play only a minor role during the remainder of World War II.
1944—Three U.S. Navy submarines sink a number of Japanese vessels: USS Drum (SS 228) sinks freighter Taishu Maru, cargo ship Taihaku Maru and damages transports Aoki Maru and Tatsura Maru; USS Icefish (SS 367) sinks freighter Taiyo Maru and USS Rock (SS 274) sinks Takasago Maru.
1950—U.S. Amphibious Force Seventh 7th lands 1st Marine Division at Wonsan, Korea.
1963—USS Andrew Jackson (SSBN 619) launches the first Polaris A-3 missile while cruising submerged 20 miles off Cape Canaveral, FL.
1966—Tragedy strikes USS Oriskany (CVA 34) when a fire erupts on the starboard side of the ship's forward hangar bay and races through five decks, killing 44 members of her crew and air group.
Oct. 27
1812—During the War of 1812, the frigate Essex, commanded by Capt. David Porter, departs Delaware capes on a cruise into the Pacific Ocean around Cape Horn for attacks on the British whaling industry.
1864—Lt. William B. Cushing takes the torpedo boat Picket Boat No. 1 upriver to Plymouth, NC, and attacks CSS Albemarle at her berth, sinking her with a spar torpedo.
1922—The Navy League of the United States sponsors the first celebration of "Navy Day" to focus public attention on the importance of the U.S. Navy. The date is selected because it is Theodore Roosevelt's birthday. Navy Day is last observed Oct. 27, 1949. In the 1970s, Adm. Elmo R. Zumwalt works with the Navy League to define Oct. 13 to celebrate the Navy.
1944—Aircraft from USS Essex (CV 9) sink the Japanese destroyer Fujinami while aircraft from USS Enterprise (CV 6) sink the Japanese destroyer Shiranui 80 miles north of Iloilo, Panay. 
1945—Franklin D. Roosevelt (CVB 42) is commissioned at New York Naval Shipyard, NY, with Capt. Apollo Soucek in command. The event marks the first exception to the traditional naming of fleet carriers for battles or famous ships.
1975—As increased fighting among rival Lebanese political factions lead to U.S. concerns for Americans within the country, the State Department advises Americans to evacuate their dependents from Lebanon. The Sixth Fleet dispatches amphibious assault ship Inchon (LPH 12) as contingency evacuation ship, supported by USS John F. Kennedy (CV 67).
Oct. 28
1812—During the War of 1812, the brig Argus, commanded by Commodore Arthur Sinclair, captures the British merchant brig Fly in the North Atlantic.
1882—Orders are issued for the first Naval Attaché, Lt. Cmdr. French E. Chadwick, to be sent to London.
1940—Chief of Naval Operations reports the entrance into service of planes with armor and fuel protection, and announces the addition of such protection to all fleet aircraft—except those assigned to Patrol Wing 2—within a year.
1943—Lt. Franklin M. Murray, in a TBF Avenger, and Ensign Gerald L. Handshuh, in an FM-2 Wildcat, from Composite Squadron (VC) 1 on USS Block Island (CVE 21), sink German submarine U-220 east of Newfoundland.
1944—USS Gleaves (DD 423), while operating off the Franco-Italian coast, bombards German troop concentrations, barracks, and gun emplacements. Enemy shore fire at the destroyer is inaccurate, but Gleaves achieves excellent return fire results.
1952—The XA3D-1 bomber designed to carry nuclear weapons made its first flight. Skywarriors also later served in reconnaissance, electronic warfare, and tanker configurations.
Thanks to CHINFO
Executive Summary:
National headlines today include potential actions the Trump administration is considering regarding the migrant caravan headed towards the U.S. border and continued news coverage of pipe bombs sent to political and news figures. In the face of increased Russian submarine activity in the North Atlantic, the U.S. is spending $34 million to upgrade facilities at Keflavik International Airport which will enable the Navy to deploy P-8 Poseidon surveillance aircraft more frequently reports CNN. "They're letting us know that they're out there. They're operating in much greater numbers and in places they have not operated before," said Adm. James Foggo. USNI News also reports that while Adm. Foggo is satisfied with the U.S. Navy's ability to handle growing threats in Europe, doing so will require close collaboration with allies in the region. Additionally, Reuters reports that the 31 nation Trident Juncture exercise began Thursday.

Today in History October 26
The first Continental Congress, which protested British measures and called for civil disobedience, concludes in Philadelphia.
When General Paul Barras resigns his commission as head of France's Army of the Interior to become head of the Directory, his second-in-command becomes the army's commander—Napoleon Bonaparte.
The first boat on the Erie Canal leaves Buffalo, N.Y.
Three Earp brothers and Doc Holliday have a shootout with the Clantons and McLaurys at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona Territory.
Norway signs a treaty of separation with Sweden. Norway chooses Prince Charles of Denmark as the new king; he becomes King Haakon VII.
Germany's supreme commander, General Erich Ludendorff, resigns, protesting the terms to which the German Government has agreed in negotiating the armistice. This sets the stage for his later support for Hitler and the Nazis, who claim that Germany did not lose the war on the battlefield but were "stabbed in the back" by politicians.
Japanese attack Guadalcanal, sinking two U.S. carriers.
U.S. Navy aircraft carrier Hornet is sunk in the Battle of Santa Cruz Island, in the South Pacific.
A reconnaissance platoon for a South Korean division reaches the Yalu River. They are the only elements of the U.N. force to reach the river before the Chinese offensive pushes the whole army down into South Korea.
The Village Voice is first published, backed in part by Norman Mailer.
Ngo Dinh Diem declares himself Premier of South Vietnam.
The Russian government announces that Marshal Georgi Zhukov, the nation's most prominent military hero, has been relieved of his duties as Minister of Defense. Khrushchev accused Zhukov as promoting his own "cult of personality" and saw him as a threat to his own popularity.
The first New York - Paris transatlantic jet passenger service is inaugurated by Pan Am, while the first New York - London transatlantic jet passenger service is inaugurated by BOAC.
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi crowns himself Emperor of Iran and his wife Farah as empress.
Gary Trudeau's comic strip Doonesbury first appears.
The President of South Korea, Park Chung-hee, asssinated by Kim Jae-kyu, head of the country's Central intelligence Agency; Choi Kyu-ha is named acting president.
Israel and Jordan sign a peace treaty.
The USA PATRIOT Act signed into law by Pres. George W. Bush, greatly expanding intelligence and legal agencies' ability to utilize wiretaps, records searches and surveillance.
Russian Spetsnaz storm the Moscow Theatre, where Chechen terrorists had taken the audience and performers hostage three days earlier; 50 terrorists and 150 hostages die in the assault.
American Minute for October 26th:
    On OCTOBER 26, 1774, the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts reorganized their defenses with one-third of their regiments being "Minutemen," ready to fight at a minute's notice. These citizen soldiers drilled on the parade ground, many times led by a deacon or pastor, then went to church for exhortation and prayer. The Provincial Congress charged:
"You...are placed by Providence in the post of honor, because it is the post of danger...The eyes not only of North America and the whole British Empire, but of all Europe, are upon you. Let us be, therefore, altogether solicitous that no disorderly behavior, nothing unbecoming our character as Americans, as citizens and Christians, be justly chargeable to us." The Provincial Congress issued a Resolution to Massachusetts Bay, 1774:
"Resistance to tyranny becomes the Christian and social duty of each individual...Continue steadfast, and with a proper sense of your dependence on God, nobly defend those rights which heaven gave, and no man ought to take from us." Boston patriot Josiah Quincy stated: "Under God, we are determined that wheresoever, whensoever, or howsoever we shall be called to make our exit, we will die free men."
American Minute for October 27th:
    His wife and mother died on Valentine's Day, 1884. Depressed, he left to ranch in the Dakotas. Returning to New York, he entered politics and rose to Assistant Secretary of the Navy. He resigned during the Spanish-American War, organized the first Volunteer Cavalry, "the Rough Riders," and captured Cuba's San Juan Hill. Elected Vice-President under William McKinley, he became America's youngest President in 1901. This was Theodore Roosevelt, born OCTOBER 27, 1858. In 1909, Roosevelt warned: "The thought of modern industry in the hands of Christian charity is a dream worth dreaming. The thought of industry in the hands of paganism is a nightmare beyond imagining. The choice between the two is upon us." In his book Fear God and Take Your Part, 1916, Theodore Roosevelt wrote: "The 7th century Christians of Asia and Africa...had trained themselves not to fight, whereas the Moslems were trained to fight. Christianity was saved in Europe solely because the peoples of Europe fought the Mohammedans who invaded." Teddy Roosevelt continued: "The civilization of Europe, America and Australia exists today only because the victories of civilized man over the enemies of civilization...that is, to beat back the Moslem invader."
American Minute for October 28th:
    The Statue of Liberty was dedicated OCTOBER 28, 1886. A gift from France, it was built by Gustave Eiffel, builder of the Eiffel Tower, and designed by Auguste Bartholdi, who wrote: "The statue was born for this place which inspired its conception. May God be pleased to bless my efforts and my work, and to crown it with success, the duration and the moral influence which it ought to have." On its 50th Anniversary, OCTOBER 28, 1936, Franklin D. Roosevelt stated: "The Almighty...did prepare this American continent to be a place of the second chance...Millions have...found...freedom of opportunity, freedom of thought, freedom to worship God." Dwight Eisenhower remarked April 8, 1954: "I have just come from...the dedication of a new stamp...The stamp has on it a picture of the Statue of Liberty and 'In God We Trust'...It represents...a Nation whose greatness is based on a firm unshakeable belief that all of us mere mortals are dependent upon the mercy of a Superior Being." Relighting the Statue of Liberty, July 3, 1986, Ronald Reagan said: "I've always thought...that God had His reasons for placing this land here between two great oceans to be found by a certain kind of people."
[USS Oriskany]
26 OCTOBER 1966
Alexander, Balisteri, Blakely, Boggs, Brewer, Bullard, Carter, Clements, Copple, Dilks, Donahue, Dyke, Ewoldt, Farris, Ford, Francis, Fryer, Gardner, Garrity, Gray, Hammond, Harris, Hart, Hudis, Hyde, Johnson, Juntilla, Kelly, Kern, Lee, Levy, Liste, McWilliams, Merrick, Miller, Morrisette, Nussbaumer, Shanks, Shifflett, Siebe, Smith, Spitzer, Stone, Strong, Tardio, Thomas, Tunick, Walling, Welch, Welsh.
Fifty officers and men, shipmates united in a deadly battle for the freedom of a desperate people, serving thousands of miles from their homes and families, dedicated to their oath to support and defend the Constitution of the United States of America ... now only names on a wall ... killed while struggling valiantly to save their ship ... written out of the history of the nation they loved by a media not worthy to kiss their feet ...
forgotten by all save their family, friends, and God.
Memories of the 26th of October 1966, the explosion and fire aboard USS Oriskany on Yankee Station in the Tonkin Gulf, and the men who perished there will soon die with those of us who survived; but they are forever enshrined in the Heavens where most of them once soared so high as to "reach out and touch the face of God."
Very respectfully submitted,
Dick Schaffert
Fighter Squadron 111 Sundowner, 1965-1968
25 October 2012
25 October 2016
[Oriskany Fire]

At 07:21 tomorrow morning, 26 October, I will be kneeling by the side of my bed, giving thanks to God for sparing my life 50 years earlier, at that exact moment.

I had just finished shaving, was already in my flight suit, and was returning my shaving gear to my stateroom aboard the USS Oriskany on Yankee Station off Vietnam. As I stepped out of the "head" (restroom) into a passageway, I was startled by a loud alarm over the ship's 1MC:  "THIS IS A DRILL, THIS IS A DRILL. FIRE! FIRE! FIRE! FIRE ON THE HANGAR DECK." My head automatically snapped to the door leading to the hangar deck, which was only two steps to my left. I was immediately aware of heavy, acrid smoke coming underneath that door. I ran for the curtained doorway of my room, only a few steps down the passageway. I threw back the curtain to see my roommate Lieutenant Commander Norm Levy sitting up on the edge of his bunk. I tossed the shaving gear on my bunk, which was directly above his, and shouted at him:  "It's no drill, Norm, we're on fire! Let's get the hell out of here." At that moment, the ship's bugle sounded the call for GENERAL QUARTERS. Were we under attack? I was scheduled for the ALERT FIVE (ready fighter aircraft) at 07:45, which meant I needed to get to our squadron Ready Room immediately and into my flight gear. I ran down the passageway, banging on the sheet metal wall and shouting:  "IT'S NO DRILL! WE'RE ON FIRE! WE'RE ON FIRE!" I was about 10 steps short of the end of the passageway, which entered the opposite side of the hangar bay, away from my room, when I felt the concussion and heard the explosion which literally blew me out into the hangar bay. I was tumbling, then I was skidding on my back. I turned on my right side to get up and saw a huge fireball rolling across the top of the hangar bay. I ran the 50 feet further down the hangar bay deck and stumbled down the hatch to the next deck and into the passageway which led directly to Ready Room Three, and my flight gear.

The rest is history, which I've written about for years. My memorial to Norm Levy is engraved on a stainless steel plaque and entombed in the Oriskany now asleep in the deep off Pensacola, Florida. For more than 20 years after that fateful morning, when Norm Levy and so many of my shipmates perished in our fight to save the ship, I relived that event in my dreams, two or three times a night. With the help of our most merciful God, which came in the form of some wonderful personal companionships, it finally faded. Now, with His Grace, and even with a failing memory, I can recall it at will, in living color, and even smell again the deadly phosphorous smoke from the munitions locker that exploded.
I will not do that tomorrow morning at 07:21. I will be repeating the 44 names of my fallen comrades, and asking God's almighty blessings upon their heroic souls. An ungrateful nation, both the government and the people, has long forgotten them and the supreme sacrifice they so freely and valiantly made to save Oriskany ... and me! God is good, He never forgets!

Very Respectfully,

Dick Schaffert aka Brown Bear
25 October 2016
Thanks to  Roger
Mahalo for sending out this memorial update
My Dad, CDR Clyde Ray Welch was XO in VA-164 then/ there & was killed in the fire; he made the ultimate sacrifice.
I was 10, my brother Scott was 6.  We lost so many shipmates/ wingmen from NAS Lemoore in those sad times.
Please know there were more than many kneeling by the side of their beds along with Brown Bear yesterday morning.
Some for sparing their life, others for blessing their lives since this tragedy.  God Bless them all.  RS, RLW
With Thanks to THE Bear for toiling these years at at
Rolling Thunder Remembered 2 March 1965 - Operation Rolling Thunder - 1 November 1968
October 25, 2018Bear Taylor
Humble Host has completed the task assumed in March 2016. A lasting online journal of Operation Rolling Thunder has been put in place to remember the extraordinary service and sacrifice of the nation's military aviators who sustained a 44-month campaign of gradual escalation of bombing pressure on North Vietnam with the goal of changing the enemy's behavior. The enemy was made to pay a price for their aggression in Southeast Asia. As administered by the White House, the campaign was doomed from the start. It wasn't the fault of the valiant warriors who faced the most intense integrated defense system in the world in the 1965 to 1973 time frame. They served bravely, and glory gained and duty done, they remember the comrades who gave their all for our country. "Our country. Right or wrong, our country."…..
The RTR site will remain active until further notice with posts coming on line at the rate of one a week, hopefully. For the record, more than 2-million words in more than 1,000 posts are now archived for your reference at will. Humble Host will be working to index the collection; editing and expanding the core collection as time permits; and incorporating new material as discovered. There is much to do…
 Over the next two weeks Humble Host will wrap-up the story of Rolling Thunder and move on to Commando Hunt I.
THE BOMBING HALT. A series of about 40 State Department Historical Documents covering the period 26-31 October 1968 are a part of this wrap-up. There are five of those documents dated 26-Oct-68 of interest and recommended for your perusal. Start with document 123, a telephone conversation between Secretary Dean Rusk of the "Department of Debacles" and President Johnson. Use your mouse to move on in sequence to 124 (An info memo from Walt Rostow to LBJ); 125 (A great telephone conversation between LBJ and his "old friend" Senator Richard Russell); 126 (Another conversation between LBJ an Rusk); and, 127 (A telegram to Harriman in Paris from Rusk in Washington). Start your reading at:
Rusk: On the Russians on this point, they've agreed on that second paragraph on the basis of prior discussions. 2 And the U.S. has said that the RVN will be present and the DRV has said that the NLF will be present. Accordingly, the meeting will include representatives of the four.
USS ORISKANY (CVA-34)… This is the 52nd anniversary of the tragic fire on Oriskany that killed 36 officers and 8 enlisted troops. Take a few minutes to review the facts of that disaster and absorb some of the many words on the Oriskany fire on the following RTR posts… Read at:
Rolling Thunder Remembered 2 March 1965 - Operation Rolling Thunder - 1 November 1968
At 0728 26 October fire broke out in a forward magazine and raged through 5 decks, claiming the lives of 44 sailors. Many of those killed were veteran combat pilots who, a few hours earlier, had flown on raids over Vietnam.
Rolling Thunder Remembered 2 March 1965 - Operation Rolling Thunder - 1 November 1968
A ROLLING THUNDER WRAP-UP from Mark Clodfelter's THE LIMITS OF AIR POWER: The American Bombing of North Vietnam… Page 145-6, I quote…
"Johnson's controls produced a profound sense of despair among air leaders. At the end of 1967 briefing on Rolling Thunder, General McConnell held his head in his hands and lamented, 'I can't tell you how I feel… I'm so sick of it…I have never been so goddamned frustrated by it all.' Two years later, after announcing his retirement, McConnell received a letter from 7th Air Force Commander General William W. Momyer, whose comments epitomize the air chief's disillusionment:
"It has been a privilege to serve as a member of your team. my regret is we didn't win the war. We had the force, skill, and intelligence, but our civilian better wouldn't turn us loose. Surely our Air Force has lived up to all expectations within the restraints that have been put on it. If there is one lesson to come out of this war, it must be a reaffirmation of the axiom–don't get in a fight unless you are prepared to do whatever is necessary to win. This axiom is as old as military forces, and I don't see that modern weapons have changed it. I suppose a military man will always be in the dilemma of supporting policy even though he knows it surely restricts the capacity of military forces to produce the desired effect. One has no alternative but to support the policy and take the knocks that inevitably follow when military forces don't produce the desired effects within the constraints of the policy."
"Air leaders viewed Momyer's axiom, which paraphrased Douglas MacArthur's evaluation of the Korean War, as the overriding lesson of Rolling Thunder. Sharp, Wheeler, and Moore echoed the remark in their assessments of the air campaign. Their statements leave no doubt as to the air chiefs' conviction that they would have gained the victory had Johnson given them a free hand. Their assumption  lacked substance, however. The nature of war–plus the air commanders'  own controls–argued strongly that Rolling Thunder could never provide more than token support to Johnson's political objectives. Air leaders  like Sharp, who pointed to the 1972 air campaign as examples that Rolling Thunder could have achieved American goals earlier, failed to notice that neither the war nor the American objectives were the same in 1972 as they were in 1965. They also failed to observe that the result in the 1972 campaign was not the total victory they had aimed to achieve."… End quote.
That is Mark Clodfelter's conclusion. Not mine. Gradualism was a strategy of gradual defeat that denied us the opportunity to hit FIRST, hit hard, hit fast, and show no mercy. War is a killing business. If you don't have the stomach for employing overwhelming power to change enemy behavior, stay home. Our country never generated the will to win–the resolve to use our power. It was, and remains, a weakness that provides an opening for exploitation by our enemies. Without resolve, power is a paper tiger…  
26 OCTOBER 1968… OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER… New York Times: No coverage of the air war above the DMZ…. VIETNAM: AIR LOSSES (Chris Hobson) There were no fixed wing aircraft losses in Southeast Asia on 26 October 1968…
1965, 1966 and 1968… NONE…  (1966 The USS Oriskany Fire)
1967… CDR VERLYN WAYNE DANIELS, USN… (POW)…and…LCDR JOHN SYDNEY McCAIN, USN… (POW)…and… LTJG CHARLES DANIEL RICE, USN… (POW)… Refer to RTR for 26 October 1967 for details of their downing flights.
REMEMBERING the fallen Forty-four of USS ORISKANY and CARRIER AIR WING 16…
Memorial Day Vision by R. G. Ingersoll…
"They sleep beneath the shadows of the clouds,
careless alike of sunshine or storm,
each in the windowless palace of rest.
Earth may run red with other wars–they are at peace.
In the midst of battles, in the roar of conflict,
they found the serenity of death."
Lest we forget…      Bear
Item Number:1 Date: 10/26/2018 AFGHANISTAN - COALITION SCALES BACK CLOSE CONTACT WITH LOCAL FORCES AFTER INSIDER ATTACKS (OCT 26/VOA)  VOICE OF AMERICA NEWS -- The U.S.-led coalition in Afghanistan has temporarily reduced face-to-face contact with domestic security forces after recent insider attacks, reports the Voice of America News.   U.S. troops have been instructed not to visit the Afghan side of a joint military base, although Afghan forces are permitted to visit the U.S. side, an Afghan officer at the base told the Washington Post on Wednesday.   The joint control-and-command center remains active, the officer said.   This is normal after insider attacks, said a spokesman for NATO's Resolute Support mission. U.S. military officials are maintaining regular contact with Afghan security forces via email and telephone, with some meetings taking place in U.S. facilities, he said.   The move comes in response to two insider attacks targeting members of the NATO-led mission and an Afghan police chief earlier this month.   On Oct. 18, the top police and intelligence officials in the southern Kandahar province were killed while leaving the governor's office. One of the governor's bodyguards was reportedly responsible for the attack.   On Monday, a Czech soldier was killed and two injured in an attack by a member of the Afghan security forces in the western Herat province. The Taliban claimed responsibility for both attacks.  
  Item Number:3 Date: 10/26/2018 EGYPT - 11 MILITANTS KILLED IN SECURITY OP IN ASSIUT PROVINCE (OCT 26/XIN)  XINHUA -- At least 11 militants have been killed in a police operation in Egypt's western desert, reports Xinhua, China's state news agency.   On Wednesday, fighting erupted when security forces raided a militant hideout in the mountainous region of Assiut province, the interior ministry said in a statement.   The militants were training to use weapons and explosives, the statement said.   The terrorists were planning to conduct a series of attacks in vital locations, reported Egypt Today.   Five explosive belts, four automatic weapons, three guns and several maps were seized during the raid.   The raid was part of Comprehensive Operation Sinai, which began in February. More than 400 militants and 30 soldiers have been killed in the operation.   Egypt is currently adopting proactive measures, including new combing and search tactics, to fight terrorism instead of defending against attacks, said analysts at the Cairo-based Middle East Forum for Islamic Movement Studies
Item Number:6 Date: 10/26/2018 PAKISTAN - ISLAMABAD FREES TOP TALIBAN MEMBERS IN POSSIBLE PEACE MOVE (OCT 26/RFE/RL)  RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY -- The Pakistani government has released a senior Afghan Taliban commander, possibly as part of U.S.-led efforts to revive peace talks, reports Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, the Taliban's co-founder and former second-in-command, was released after high-level negotiations, intelligence officials said on Wednesday.   Baradar was arrested by Pakistani authorities in Karachi in 2010.   Two other senior Taliban members, identified as Mullah Abdul Samad Sani and Mullah Mohammad Rasul, were also released, said an unnamed source as quoted by the Tolo News (Afghanistan).   The detainees were released last week, but were reunited with their family on Wednesday, said a senior Taliban member cited by Reuters.   The release could be linked to efforts to revive peace talks between the militants and Kabul, experts said.   The move comes after U.S. special representative Zalmay Khalilzad visited Kabul to discuss peace talks earlier this month.   The Qatari government, which hosts the Taliban's political office, apparently pushed Pakistan to release Baradar, reported Al Jazeera (Qatar). Qatari Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al Thani visited Pakistan last week.  
Item Number:9 Date: 10/26/2018 RUSSIA - MOSCOW ACCUSES U.S. OF DRONE ATTACK IN SYRIA EARLIER THIS YEAR (OCT 26/REU)  REUTERS -- Russian officials have accused U.S. forces of coordinating a January drone attack on a Russian airbase in Syria, reports Reuters.   The 13 unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) that attacked Hmeimim airbase in western Syria were controlled from a U.S. P-8 Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft, Deputy Defense Minister Alexander Fomin said on Thursday, as reported by Russia's Tass news agency.   The U.S. jet circled the air for eight hours while the attack was underway, Fomin said.   The UAVs switched to manual guidance mode after encountering Russia's electronic countermeasures, indicating that they were under the control of a sophisticated, state opponent, he said.   The drones were destroyed before they reached their target, Fomin said, as cited by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.   Russian officials previously suggested that an outside power was behind the attack but did not accuse the U.S. directly.   The U.S. did not immediately comment on the claim. The Pentagon rejected previous Russian insinuations that the U.S. was involved in the January attack
Item Number:11 Date: 10/26/2018 SOUTH KOREA - WARSHIPS SUCCESSFULLY LAUNCH SM-2 AIR DEFENSE MISSILES IN TRIALS (OCT 26/RAYTHEON)  RAYTHEON -- The South Korean navy has successfully test-fired five SM-2 surface-to-air missiles during exercises over the summer, reports Raytheon.   An initial exercise demonstrated advanced semi-active radar seeker technology on two Block IIIA missiles, the manufacturer said on Tuesday.   South Korean naval forces also shot down three simulated aerial threats using SM-2 Block IIIB missiles during the trials.   The SM-2 can detect anti-ship missiles and aerial threats at ranges of up to 90 nm (170 km).   Raytheon resumed production of the SM-2 in 2017 to meet international demand. New deliveries of more than 280 SM-2 Block IIIA and IIIB missiles are scheduled to begin in 2020, the company said
  Item Number:14 Date: 10/26/2018 USA - IAEA LAUNCHES PROGRAM TO BOOST CYBERSECURITY AT NUCLEAR FACILITIES (OCT 26/UNNC)  U.N. NEWS CENTER -- The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has developed a training program to strengthen cyber defenses at nuclear facilities, reports the U.N. News.   The IAEA worked with the U.S. Dept. of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration to produce a series of information and computer security courses.   The courses, hosted by the Idaho National Laboratory, focus on raising awareness of threats posed by cyber attacks and their potential effect on nuclear facilities.   The first training course, Protecting Computer-Based Systems in Nuclear Security Regimes, was launched earlier this month. Thirty-seven participants from 13 countries took part in the two-week course.   The training included simulated scenarios in which participants used replicas of advanced digital systems found in nuclear control rooms to ensure safe operations, security and protect sensitive data.   "The hands-on lab environment, presentations and exercises were conducted in a manner that allowed participants of varied experience to gain the full benefit of training," said James Byrne, a participant from EDF Energy in the U.K., as quoted by an IAEA release.   In June, IAEA Director-General Yukiya Amano urged nuclear industry and national regulators to build up the data and experience needed to ensure that new systems meet all reliability and performance requirements.  
  Item Number:15 Date: 10/26/2018 USA - OHIO MAN ARRESTED WHILE ATTEMPTING TO TRAVEL TO AFGHANISTAN TO JOIN ISIS (OCT 26/CPLAINDEAL)  CLEVELAND PLAIN DEALER -- Federal agents have arrested a U.S. citizen in Ohio on charges that he was planning on joining the Islamic State terrorist group (ISIS), reports the Cleveland Plain Dealer.   On Wednesday, Naser Almadaoji, 19, an Iraqi-born U.S. citizen, was arrested at John Glenn International Airport on his way to Astana, Kazakhstan, said the Justice Dept.   From there, Almadaoji planned to hire smugglers to take him to Afghanistan, where he would receive training from ISIS.   In August, Almadaoji began communicating with FBI agents posing as terrorists, reported CNN. In one instance, he sent the agents a video of himself pledging allegiance to the terrorist group.   He later met with an undercover agent and discussed a jewelry theft to fund travel abroad to join an ISIS

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