Tuesday, October 23, 2018

TheList 4841

The List 4841 TGB

To All,

I hope that your week has started well.



This day in Naval History

Oct. 23

1862—CSS Alabama, commanded by Capt. Raphael Semmes, captures and burns the American bark Lafayette south of Halifax, Nova Scotia.

1864—During the Civil War, the blockade-runner Flamingo, which is run aground off Sullivan's Island, SC, is destroyed by shell fire from Fort Strong and Putnam, Battery Chatfield, and ships of Rear Adm. John A. Dahlgren's South Atlantic Blockading Squadron.

1942—USS Kingfish (SS 234) sinks Japanese gunboat at the entrance to Kii Suido, Honshu, Japan.

1944—The Battle of Leyte Gulf, considered the largest naval battle of World War II, begins with the U.S. submarines attacking two elements of the Japanese armada moving towards Leyte. In the Palawan Passage, USS Darter (SS 227) and USS Dace (SS 247) sink heavy cruisers Maya and Atago. Takao is also hit, but survives. Off Manila Bay, USS Bream's (SS 243) torpedoes damage the heavy cruiser Aoba.

1961—Submarine Ethan Allen (SSBN 608) makes the first underwater launch of a Polaris A-2 fleet ballistic missile. The Polaris soars 1,500 miles down the Atlantic Missile Range.

1972—The United States ends all tactical air sorties into North Vietnam above the 20th parallel and brings to close Operation Linebacker raids as a goodwill gesture to promote the peace negotiations in Paris. From May through October, Navy aircraft fly a total of 23,652 attack sorties into North Vietnam, which helps stem the flow of supplies into North Vietnam.

1983—A suicide truck bomb explodes at the Marine Barracks at Beirut Airport and kills 241 Americans (220 Marines, 18 Sailors, and three Army Soldiers).

1999—USS O'Kane (DDG 77) is commissioned at Pearl Harbor, HI.

2004—USS Virginia (SSN 774) is commissioned at Naval Station Norfolk, VA, the sixth U.S. Navy ship named Virginia; she is the first of its submarine class.

2007—Space shuttle Discovery launches from John F. Kennedy Space Center, FL. The pilot of the 120th shuttle flight and the 23rd to the International Space Station is U.S. Naval Academy graduate and former F/A-18 Hornet pilot Col. George D. Zamka, USMC.

Thanks to CHINFO

Executive Summary:
National headlines continue to be dominated by coverage of the death of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi and a 'caravan' of nearly 7,000 Central American migrants that are headed to the U.S. border. Two U.S. warships transited the Taiwan Strait during heightened tensions between the U.S. and China reports the Wall Street Journal. The voyage "demonstrates the U.S. commitment to a free and open Indo-Pacific," said Cmdr. Nate Christensen. "The U.S. Navy will continue to fly, sail and operate anywhere international law allows. National security adviser John Bolton also told the Wall Street Journal that the U.S. plans talks with allies before potentially leaving the Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty. Additionally, Aviation International News reports that the U.S. Navy commissioned its first test squadron dedicated to unmanned air systems on October 18th.

Today in History October 23

4004 BC

According to 17th century divine James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh, and Dr. John Lightfoot of Cambridge, the world was created on this day, a Sunday, at 9 a.m.

Rebellion in Ireland. Catholics, under Phelim O'Neil, rise against the Protestants and massacred men, women and children to the number of 40,000 (some say 100,000).

American colonial forces led by Sir William Phips, fail in their attempt to seize Quebec.

The first Parliament of Great Britain meets.

Virginia emancipates slaves who fought for independence during the Revolutionary War.

President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus in Washington, D.C. for all military-related cases.

President Wilson feels satisfied that the Germans are accepting his armistice terms and agrees to transmit their request for an armistice to the Allies. The Germans have agreed to suspend submarine warfare, cease inhumane practices such as the use of poison gas, and withdraw troops back into Germany.

The first transcontinental air service begins from New York to Los Angeles.

The Western Task Force, destined for North Africa, departs from Hampton Roads, Virginia.

The Nobel Prize for Medicine is awarded to Ukranian-born microbiologist Selmart A. Waksman for his discovery of an effective treatment of tuberculosis.

In Paris, an agreement is signed providing for West German sovereignty and permitting West Germany to rearm and enter NATO and the Western European Union.

A U.N. sanctioned cease-fire officially ends the Yom Kippur war between Israel and Syria.

A truck filled with explosives, driven by a Moslem terrorist, crashes into the U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut, Lebanon. The bomb kills 237 Marines and injures 80. Almost simultaneously, a similar incident occurs at French military headquarters, where 58 die and 15 are injured.

The Hungarian Republic replaces the communist Hungarian People's Republic.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a "land for peace" agreement.

Chechen terrorists take 700 theater-goers hostage at the House of Culture theater in Moscow.

An earthquake in Japan kills 35, injures 2,200, and leaves 85,000 homeless or displaced.

Libiyan National Transition Council declares the Libyan civil war is over.

The world's oldest teletext service, BBC's Ceefax, ceases operation


Notes on The Battle of Leyte Gulf thanks to Barrett 

The Battle of Leyte Gulf was not a single battle—it was a sprawling fleet engagement spread over hundreds of miles for three days.  But here's the basics:

 The U.S. Third Fleet under Adm. W.F. Halsey deployed 16 fast carriers in four task groups, escorted by six battleships, 15 cruisers and 58 destroyers.

 Vice Admiral Thomas Kincaid's Seventh Fleet, the amphibious force, deployed six battleships, nine cruisers, 128 DDs/Des, and 55 frigates and torpedo boats.  In addition to 18 escort carriers providing force protection, close air support, and transport service.

 Halsey and Kincaid brought some 1,700 aircraft to the battle, well over 10 times the Japanese figure.

 The fleet trains with oilers, supply ships, unreps, etc, were additional to the above.

 In contrast, the widespread Imperial Japanese Navy sent four carriers, nine battleships, 20 cruisers, and 34 destroyers.

 The result was the end of the Imperial Navy which lost 28 warships including all four carriers and three battleships.  The Americans lost three CVEs and three escorts in the famous "Battle off Samar" when Japanese BBs and CAs surprised Kincaid's "Taffy Three" task group because of Halsey's poor staff work.  While he took TF-38 north to engage Adm. Ozawa's "bait" force with four CVs, he neglected to guard San Bernardino Strait, permitting the Japanese center force to penetrate to the gulf.  But for valiant work by the "small boys" and CVE aircrews, it could have been a U.S. debacle.

 More to the point for tailhookers is whether Leyte Gulf is properly considered a carrier battle.  The four flattop duels of 1942 (Coral Sea, Midway, Eastern Solomons and Santa Cruz) were followed in June 1944 by the Great Marianas Turkey Shoot.  In all five clashes the U.S. and Japanese navies exchanged air strikes, sinking flattops each time.

 But at Leyte it was all one-sided.  Adm. Ozawa's four carriers had very few trained aviators—many could only launch but not recover.  Since the Americans sank all four enemy CVs without receiving carrier-based attacks in response, purists hold that Leyte was not a CV engagement.


Some history that we should not forget about the Marine Barracks bombing and the subsequent lack of response. Look what has happened since with Iran. They are not to be trusted and the agreement we signed with them is a travesty. They are not going to change their ways one bit. 

Subj: FW: More on the Marine barracks 1983;RADM Tuttle never launched 'chip shot'

Thanks to Hal - 

 Dutch, would you pass this on to Micro, please.  I can add a few tidbits of information about this.

 We all know that Iran has been at war with us even before the bombing of the Marine Barracks in Lebanon.  Unfortunately most of the American public does not.  I even wonder if our president and C in C knows.  He being a wee lad at that time in our history, and living in some other country.  His naivete shows in his belief that Iran will cease their work on nuclear weapons if we loosen the embargoes.
Let me back up to the facts that were well-known BEFORE the attack on the Marines....on September 26th, four weeks prior to the bombing, our National Security Agency intercepted a message sent from the Iranian Intelligence headquarters in Tehran to Ambassador Mohtashemi telling him to contact Hussein Musawi, head of the terrorist group Islamic Amal and order him to take spectacular action against the US Marines, who were there only as peacekeepers and didn't carry loaded weapons. So the volunteers were recruited to blow up the barracks.
The man who made the bomb was Ibrahim Safa and he was a member of HezbAllah, the Party of God, and totally financed by Iran.  He was working with the Pasdaran, the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps.  The driver was an Iranian, Walid Asmail al-Askari, and working under the orders of the Iranian Ambassador to Syria, Ali Akbar Mohtashemi.  I met Admiral 'Ace' Lyons some months after the attack at dinner at the Pacific Club in Honolulu while in the company of a Navy Medical Corps Captain who was a member of this exclusive club.  The admiral was the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations and responsible for naval security worldwide.  He said that the information about the NSA intercept did not reach him until two days after the attack, so he was unable to warn Colonel Tim Geraghty.  As Micro points out, the fleet and special operators were all set to seek revenge for this, but then our Secretary of Defense, Caspar Weinberger, ordered everyone to stand down.  The reason was that Secretary Weinberger said the intelligence he possessed was insufficient to order such an attack. He likely had not been shown the NSA intercepts that were now in the Military Chain of Command.  His military aide would have had them and would have the option of showing him, or not showing him.  His military aide was General Colin Powell.  Some time after that, there was some action taken and I don't know much about that, but one of our A-6s was shot down over Beiruit and the BN was captured by the Syrians and taken to Damascus.  He was a black Navy Lieutenant named Goodman and if you remember Jesse Jackson was running for president that year.  So, he announced to the world that he was going to go "and get that boy out."  At that time I was the hospital administration consultant for the Saudi Arabian Armed Forces Hospital, Al Hada, at Taif.  I received a call that day asking if I could be in Damascus when Jackson arrived.  So I caught a Syrian Arab Airlines flight out of Jeddah that night and arrived in Damascus early morning and checked into the Cham Palace Hotel downtown. As we were at war with Syria, they were somewhat surprised when I showed up, but they treated me well.  To Jackson's credit, however, he did get LT Goodman out of captivity and brought him home. One more thing I would add is that I used to fly British Air from London to Beiruit to catch Middle East Airlines onward to Dhahran as they had the very best food of any airline.  But the last time I flew out, the crazies shelled the terminal two hours after I departed.  They cratered the runway and every plane on the ground stayed there for months and nothing could fly in.  Anyone who tried to repair the runway was shot by snipers. Beiruit used to be called the Paris of the Middle East.  When last I saw it, it looked more like Dresden or Cologne or Berlin in WWII.


Marine barracks 1983; Tuttle never launched 'chip shot'

Thanks to Micro


There are a few more tidbits on this one, regarding going after the guys that planned the strike against the Marines in Lebanon.  RADM Tuttle was raring to go, and it wasn't his decision not to launch.  Here's the story from our standpoint:

I was CO of VF-143, World Famous Pukin' Dogs on USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69).  Three of my 12 F-14 aircraft were TARPS capable (Tactical Airborne Reconnaissance Pod System).  We had been pulled out of an exercise in Egypt when the Ambassador's residence and compound had been shelled, starting in August.  Over time, the tensions subsided, and we slowly backed away until we could go into port in Naples.  After we were there for about 24 hours, they hit the Marines with the car bomb, and we emergency sortied at midnight.  Our next port was Norfolk, 101 days later.  A lot happened in that 101 days.

One day, a Navy CDR in Service Dress Blue, needing a shave, stepped off a COD.  About half an hour later, I was called to the Captain's Inport Cabin.  Gathering were the Captain (Ed Clexton), CAG (Joe Prueher), the CO's of the A-6 squadron and the E-2 squadron, the mysterious CDR, and me.  He was the courier that ADM Lyons mentioned in the article below.  I don't remember if RADM Tuttle was there at the initial meeting or not.

The mission was so secret that they didn't want to trust the Top Secret communications system with the news.  ADM Lyons states that he knew the Soviets were reading our messages, but we didn't know that at the time (at least at my pay grade).

We planned the strike on the dining room table in the inport cabin over the next week or so.  Even CVIC didn't know what we were doing.  RADM Tuttle had told us he "wanted to send a message."  The A-6's bomb load totaled 144 MK-83, 1000-lb bombs.  To hit a little square (I recall less than a square block perhaps) with barracks surrounded by a low stone wall in a little town.  I've attached a Google Earth picture with the whole barracks complex outlined as best I remember it (it may just be the line of buildings along the southwestern side of the square).  You can see the scale in the lower left (200 ft), so the compound I've outlined was about 500 x 800 feet, by my eye.

ADM Crowe was CINCSOUTH, and he was sent aboard to take our briefing and to report to President Reagan whether or not we were ready to go (and if he had confidence in us).  At one point, he asked me what the AOB (Air Order of Battle) was for Syria.  I don't remember the exact number now, but it was several hundred MiG's, and I was using six fighters at that end of the ingress.  He asked me if that would be enough, and I said I thought it was about even.  We all chuckled, but he didn't, and I thought he might think we had a little too much "cowboy" in us, but he didn't say anything further.  After all, it was a short ingress down the Bekaa, with a 15 mile egress, and we figured we'd catch everyone by surprise more with a small force than a huge one.  Besides, if you believe anyone can get several hundred aircraft airborne from a non-alert posture, you're smoking something.

My TARPS birds were to get immediate BDA with IR and film to prove that collateral damage was minimal, because there would be all kinds of claims.

Came the day of the strike:  We manned up and were shut down.  President Reagan was in Japan, and his departure was delayed.  So we heard, he didn't want to carry out such a strike when he was on foreign soil.

We sat around the Ready Rooms and waited for Air Force One to take off, while the airplanes were all topped off.  Then, we manned up again.  And we were shut down again.  This time, it was cancelled.

It seems that Time magazine had just published an article that speculated where the bad guys were, with pictures of them.  Their speculation was accurate, and intel reported that the bad guys were no longer there.

We were really pissed, of course.  So close, and yet so far.

To my knowledge, we never have gotten these guys.


Subject: FW: marine barracks 1983; Tuttle never launched 'chip shot'

Thanks to ted -

LYONS: The Iranian origins of treachery

By James A. Lyons Jr.

Tuesday, October 22, 2013

With all the media focus on the recently concluded talks in Geneva with Iran over its nuclear program, it's easy to overlook the 34th anniversary of the U.S. Marine barracks bombing in Beirut 34 years ago on Oct. 23, 1983.

On that day, 241 of our finest military personnel were killed, with scores more seriously injured. Almost simultaneously, a similar attack was carried out at the French military headquarters, killing 58 French paratroopers. We have positive proof that these attacks were planned and ordered by Iran using their Islamic Amal terrorist proxies — forerunners to Hezbollah — in Lebanon. It is astounding that we had the information to prevent these attacks, and even more astounding is the "reason" for not retaliating.

The National Security Agency issued a highly classified message dated Sept. 27, 1983, which contained the instructions that Iranian Ambassador Ali Akbar Montashemi in Damascus had previously received from Tehran and then gave to Husayn al-Musawi, the leader of the Islamic Amal. Those instructions directed the terrorist group to concentrate its attacks on the Multi-National Force but take a "spectacular" action against the U.S. Marines.

I was deputy chief of naval operations at that time, and I did not receive that message until Oct. 25, two days after the bombing. That same day, I was called out to the CIA's Langley headquarters because CIA Director William Casey wanted to see me. At the meeting, Casey asked me whether I would develop plans to take out the perpetrators if he discovered who they were and where they were located. I readily agreed.

The terrorist group, Islamic Amal, was located in the Lebanese Army Sheik Abdallah barracks near Baalbek, Lebanon. The organization had taken over the barracks on Sept. 16 with the help of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. I had the strike plans couriered to the 6th Fleet Carrier Strike Force for the commander, Rear Adm. Jerry Tuttle, because I knew then the Soviets were reading our communications.

Everyone had been briefed, including the Joint Chiefs of Staff and Secretary of Defense Casper Weinberger. According to National Security Adviser Robert McFarland, at the key meeting with President Reagan, Weinberger stated that he thought there were Lebanese Army groups in the barracks. This was false.

The president turned to Casey for clarification. Casey, who had just returned from an overseas trip, was not up to speed on such details. The president then said, "Get that sorted out." As it turned out, there were no Lebanese Army troops in the barracks. But Weinberger threw more dust into the air by stating that we will lose all of our Arab friends if we go ahead with this strike.

Consequently, we never received the execute order, even though the planes were loaded and ready to launch. In the words of the Carrier Strike Force commander, "This was a chip shot." The failure to retaliate was tragic, and we are still living with that mistake.

Compounding the problem, Reagan approved a combined strike with the French against the same target several days later. This time, the secretary of defense simply ignored the president's order and would not issue the strike order. Mr. McFarland and Secretary of State George Shultz both told me that they tried to get Weinberger to change his position but failed. The French were furious. They carried out the strike alone, but did no damage, contrary to Reagan's diary entry that stated the French wiped out the terrorists.

At the time of these "acts of war," President Obama was still a student at Columbia University and later at Harvard. He was probably more involved in absorbing the wisdom of the leftist agenda than on the tragic events carried out by Iran against our military. However, he is certainly aware today of the thousands of our military personnel who have died as the result of Iran's actions in Iraq and Afghanistan. He also must realize that Iran has provided material and training support to the September 11 hijackers. Iran was found guilty of providing such support by Judge George B. Daniels of U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York in December 2011. Previously, Judge Royce Lamberth of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia found Iran guilty in the Marine barracks bombing.

Iran remains the world leader in state-sponsored terrorism. It is a rogue regime that will do anything to ensure the survivability of the corrupt theocracy. The mullahs have not spent billions to build underground nuclear facilities, as well as absorbing crippling economic sanctions, to simply negotiate away their nuclear weapons objectives. In August 1995, Russia offered to provide Iran with a 10-year supply of fuel for their nuclear plant at Bushehr for only $30 million. Iran adamantly rejected the proposal because Russia insisted that Iran return the spent fuel rods to Russia for reprocessing. Case closed. Iran, with enough oil and gas to last at least a few hundred years, doesn't need nuclear capability for electricity.

With Mr. Obama's eagerness to negotiate with Iran, it has been reported that he is weighing the possibility of unfreezing billions in Iranian assets in response to "potential" concessions by Iran. Such a move would be nonsensical. If Mr. Obama were to unfreeze billions of Iranian assets, then the money should not go to Iran, but to the surviving families of the Marine barracks bombing, as well as to the surviving families of the September 11, 2001, atrocity, as our courts have mandated.

Retired Adm. James A. Lyons was commander in chief of the U.S. Pacific Fleet and senior U.S. military representative to the United Nations.


Item Number:1 Date: 10/23/2018 AFGHANISTAN - CZECH SOLDIER DIES IN INSIDER ATTACK; TALIBAN CLAIMS RESPONSIBILITY (OCT 23/RADPRA)  RADIO PRAGUE -- The Taliban has claimed responsibility for an attack at a military base in the western Herat province, reports Radio Prague.   On Monday, an Afghan soldier opened fire on a Czech military vehicle that was turning to the Shindad air base after a routine mission. One soldier was killed and two were injured in the attack, according to Czech Defense Minister Lubomir Metnar.   The attack targeted coalition troops and not Czech forces specifically, said Lt. Gen Ales Opata, the chief of the Czech General Staff. The attack was not from one of the units being mentored by the Czech contingent, he said.   The injuries are not believed to be life threatening.   The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack, saying it was carried out by an "infiltrator." Two Afghan officials told the New York Times that an argument had recently taken place among Afghan troops and that the attack may have been influenced by propaganda relating to the death of Afghan police chief Abdul Raziq last week.   Prime Minister Andrej Babij called for measures to prevent such attacks in the future.  

  Item Number:2 Date: 10/23/2018 AFGHANISTAN - U.S. GENERAL INJURED IN LAST WEEK'S DEADLY ATTACK ON TOP OFFICIALS IN KANDAHAR (OCT 23/FN)  FOX NEWS -- A U.S. Army general was shot and injured in an insider attack last week last that killed two top Afghan security officials in the southern Kandahar province, reports Fox News.   On Thursday, Army Brig. Gen. Jeffrey Smiley was shot when an Afghan guard opened fired on top officials after a meeting of security and political leaders in Kandahar city, the Pentagon said on Sunday. The provincial police chief and head of intelligence for the province were killed in the attack.   Smiley is the head of Train Advise Assist Command-South in Kandahar, reported CNN. He was being treated for his injuries and remained in command.  

  Item Number:4 Date: 10/23/2018 BELGIUM - AIR FORCE OPTS FOR F-35 TO REPLACE F-16S, SAYS REPORT (OCT 23/DN)  DEFENSE NEWS -- The Belgian government has apparently selected Lockheed Martin's F-35 as its next-generation fighter jet, reports Defense News.   Brussels has decided to acquire 34 F-35s, government officials told national news outlet Belga on Monday. The program is estimated to be worth 3.6 billion euros (US$4.16 billion), reported Reuters.   A defense ministry spokeswoman declined to comment on the government's decision.   The F-35 was chosen over the Eurofighter Typhoon, France's Dassault Rafale and a program to further modernize Belgium's existing F-16 fleet.   A formal announcement is expected by Oct. 29.   An important factors in the decision was the acquisition of the F-35 by the Netherlands, since the two countries have an air-policing agreement. Both operating the F-35 would enhance interoperability, according to analysts.   Belgium also has an agreement with NATO requiring its aircraft to be capable of employing U.S. nuclear weapons. Certifying a European aircraft for that mission could be politically difficult

  Item Number:6 Date: 10/23/2018 COLOMBIA - 4 SOLDIERS DIE IN HELO CRASH DURING ANTI-DRUG OP IN SOUTHWEST (OCT 23/SPUTNIK)  SPUTNIK -- Four military personnel have been killed in a helicopter crash in southwestern Colombia, reports the Sputnik news agency (Russia).   On Oct. 20, a Colombian army Black Hawk helicopter went down while patrolling an area in the Cauca region where a major cocaine factory had recently been discovered, the army said in a statement.   The helicopter was returning to Jose Hilario Lopez base in Popayan when it disappeared from radar, reported Agence France-Presse.   Troops were sent to the crash site, but poor weather impeded search efforts.   An investigation has been launched to determine the cause of the crash.   The Cauca region, strategically positioned on the Pacific Coast, is commonly used by armed groups and drug gangs as a launching point for cocaine shipments to Central America and the U.S.  

  Item Number:7 Date: 10/23/2018 COMOROS - SECURITY FORCES REGAIN CONTROL IN ANJOUAN AFTER REBEL SIEGE (OCT 23/JT)  JAPAN TIMES -- The Comoros army has regained control of Anjouan island after a six-day siege, reports the Japan Times.   On Oct. 15, rebels staged an uprising in Mutsamudu, the island's capital, as tensions increase over President Azali Assoumani's bid to extend his term.   At least three people were killed in the fighting, reported Agence Presse-France.   On Sunday, the army announced it had regained control of the city after signing an agreement with local authorities aimed at ending the violence, reported Reuters.   Troops searched homes for weapons and suspected rebels. No arrests were reported.   Abdou Salami Abdou, Anjouan's governor and member of the opposition Juwa party, surrendered to police before being placed under house arrest. The governor is accused of inciting the rebellion and for distributing arms and money to rebels, said Interior Minister Mohamed Daoud   Abdou denied any involvement in the uprising.   In July, President Assoumani won a widely criticized referendum allowing him to end the rotation of the presidency between Comoros' three main islands, disadvantaging opposition-leaning Anjouan, which is next in line.   Assoumani has announced plans to hold an election next year that would allow him to reset his term limits and potentially rule until 2029. He originally came to power in a military coup and was elected president in 2016

  Item Number:8 Date: 10/23/2018 GERMANY - MERKEL SAYS ARMS EXPORTS MUST BE SUSPENDED UNTIL KHASHOGGI AFFAIR CLEARED UP (OCT 23/REU)  REUTERS -- German Chancellor Angela Merkel says weapons exports to Saudi Arabia should be stopped until the investigation into the death of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi is completed satisfactorily, reports Reuters.   Merkel's statement came during a campaign rally on Monday for upcoming regional elections.   German Economic Minister Peter Altmaier called for all European Union members to halt exports to Saudi Arabia to maintain pressure on Riyadh. The E.U. needs to establish a unified position to prevent other countries from filling the gap, he said.   A leading member of Merkel's ruling coalition told national broadcaster ZDF that all weapons deliveries, including those previously approved, should be suspended.   The German government has approved 400 million euros (US$462 million) in arms exports to Saudi Arabia so far this year.   A presidential spokesman told reporters that existing arms deals are being reviewed.   The Saudi government has given conflicting statements on what happened to Khashoggi when he visited the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on Oct. 2.  

Item Number:10 Date: 10/23/2018 IRAQ - ISIS SUSPECTED IN DEADLY ATTACK AT MARKETPLACE IN NORTH (OCT 23/REU)  REUTERS -- At least six people have been killed in a car bombing in northern Iraq, reports Reuters.   On Tuesday, a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) detonated in a market in Qayyara, south of the city of Mosul, said police.   Two soldiers were killed in the blast. The death toll could continue to rise, said health officials. At least 30 people were injured in the attack.   There were no immediate claims of responsibility. The top military official in the area, Maj. Gen. Najim Jabouri, blamed the attack on the Islamic State terrorist group (ISIS).   The Iraqi government declared victory over ISIS in December. Since then, the group has carried out a small but consistent campaign of attacks across northern Iraq.  

  Item Number:11 Date: 10/23/2018 ISRAEL - HEZBOLLAH OBSERVATION POST DISCOVERED NEAR BORDER WITH LEBANON, ARMY SAYS (OCT 23/JP)  JERUSALEM POST -- The Israel Defense Forces say it has found a Hezbollah observation post along the border with Lebanon, in breach of the U.N. resolution that ended the 2006 war between Israel and Hezbollah, reports the Jerusalem Post.   The outpost was discovered in the Lebanese village of al-Adisa, about 0.6 miles (1 km) from the border, said IDF officials on Monday.   Hezbollah attempted to hide the outpost using the name of a non-existent non-governmental organization, Green Without Borders. The organization has been used to conceal a network of outposts along the border, reported Ynet News (Israel).   The facility served as a forward observation post to study the movements of IDF troops, the military said.   "Hezbollah is building military infrastructure along the border with armed men moving there when they are watching the Israeli border," said a senior official with Israel's Northern Command. "This is military infrastructure in civilian guise."   This was the sixth such post discovered in the last few years, said the IDF.   Hezbollah is constructing numerous structures in the area, which the IDF is closely observing, it said.   The U.N. peacekeeping mission in Lebanon has been prevented from investigating the area by Hezbollah claims that it is private land

Item Number:12 Date: 10/23/2018 JORDAN - KING ANNOUNCES END OF LEASE AGREEMENT WITH ISRAEL (OCT 23/TOI)  TIMES OF ISRAEL -- King Abdullah II says that Jordan will not extend elements of a 1994 peace treaty with Israel, reports the Times of Israel.   Jordan will not renew two clauses of the treaty that grant Israel the use of two agricultural areas along the border, the king said on Sunday.   The Jordanian Foreign Ministry made the announcement in Amman and sent a formal notice of the decision to the Israeli Foreign Ministry in Jerusalem.   A reason for the decision was not disclosed, but Abdullah has been under public pressure in recent weeks to end the lease. Eighty-seven Jordanian lawmakers have signed a petition urging an end to the lease.   On Oct. 19, protests broke out in Amman calling for its termination, noted BBC News.   The 25-year lease, which is set to expire next year, includes areas covering about 1,000 acres (405 hectares) in Naharayim in the north and the Tzofar enclave in the southern Arava desert.   The agreement requires either side to give a year's notice to end it. The move requires the sides to begin consultations.   Israel plans to negotiate with Jordan to extend the agreement, said Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.   Around 30 Israeli farmers would lose about 250 acres of land if the areas revert to Jordanian control, said the head of the Central Arava Regional Council.  

 Item Number:13 Date: 10/23/2018 MEXICO - NAVY HELICOPTER CRASHES INJURING 2; 1 STILL MISSING (OCT 23/DAILYMI)  DAILY MIRROR -- A Mexican navy helicopter has crashed during a military operation off the country's western coast, reports the Daily Mirror (U.K.).   On Saturday, an Mi-17 helicopter was conducting patrols in the Gulf of Santa Clara to combat illegal fishing, according to local media.   Video footage captured by a local fisherman shows the helicopter veering to the side before slowly descending.   Two people were injured in the crash and one remains missing. The other nine people onboard were unharmed.   An investigation has been launched to determine the cause of the crash

  Item Number:14 Date: 10/23/2018 SOUTH KOREA - WEAPONS, GUARD POSTS TO BE WITHDRAWN FROM PANMUNJOM, SAYS DEFENSE MINISTRY (OCT 23/GUARDIAN)  GUARDIAN -- The militaries of North and South Korea and the U.N. Command in the Korean peninsula have agreed to withdraw firearms and guard posts from the Joint Security Area (JSA), reports the Guardian (U.K.).   The JSA, also known as Panmunjom, is the only place along the 155-mile (250-km) border where troops from the two countries are in close proximity.   The announcement on Monday followed trilateral talks between North Korea, South Korea and the U.S.-led U.N. Command.   The parties will conduct "three-way joint verification" around the JSA for two days following the withdrawal, said the South Korean Defense Ministry.   The agreement aims to remove 11 guard posts within 0.6 miles (1 km) of the border and reduce each post to 35 personnel by the end of the year, reported Reuters.   North and South Korea have agreed to share information about surveillance equipment deployed in the area.   The defense ministry also confirmed that demining efforts in the JSA have been completed. Efforts began last month in accordance with an agreement reached during the third summit between North and South Korea.  

Item Number:15 Date: 10/23/2018 SYRIA - 6 SYRIAN HOSTAGES FREED BY ISIS AFTER RANSOM PAID (OCT 23/DPA)  DEUTSCHE PRESSE-AGENTUR -- The Islamic State has released six hostages as part of a deal with the Syrian government, reports Deutsche Presse- Agentur.   On Oct. 20, two women and four children were released by ISIS in exchange for the release 60 women detained by authorities and a payment of US$27 million, according to the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.   The hostages were freed as a result of the siege imposed by Syrian troops on the Islamic State in the desert region outside Sweida, said Amer Ashi, the governor of the southern Sweida province, as cited by the official SANA news agency.   The six hostages are the first batch of the exchange and more are expected to be released in the coming days, said the observatory.   The hostages were among 27 people kidnapped by ISIS during an attack on Sweida city and nearby villages.   ISIS and its Khaled Bin Al Waleed affiliate still control parts of northwest Sweida province and western areas near the Israel-controlled Golan Heights.  

  Item Number:16 Date: 10/23/2018 USA - NAVY SENDS WARSHIPS THROUGH TAIWAN STRAIT IN ANOTHER FREEDOM OF NAVIGATION OP (OCT 23/WSJ)  WALL STREET JOURNAL -- Two U.S. warships have sailed through the Taiwan Strait in a freedom of navigation operation, reports the Wall Street Journal.   On Monday, the destroyer USS Curtis Wilbur and cruiser Antietam passed through the strait, said the Taiwanese Ministry of National Defense.   Chinese vessels followed the U.S. ships at a safe distance during the 16-hour transit, said U.S. officials.   The operation demonstrated the U.S. commitment to freedom of movement within Indo-Pacific waters, said a U.S. Pacific Fleet spokesman.   Beijing relayed deep concern to Washington after the operation, a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman said on Tuesday, as reported by Reuters.   The move came days after Defense Secretary Jim Mattis met with his Chinese counterpart, Gen. Wei Fenghe. Mattis stressed that U.S. aircraft and ships would continue to operate in international waters.   U.S. Navy warships conducted a similar operation in July

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